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i^yiow. :£-j 




GEORGE MURRAY CAMPBELL. 



THE 



Celtic /Ibontbl?: 

H riDaoasinc toi' H^ioblanbevs. 



EDITED BY 

JOft^ >lSdivS:Y, l)lytlbs^voocl l)i4ve, C{la,s^^>o^Y. 



V O La. V. 



GLASGOW : ARCHIBALD SINCLAIR, 47 Waterloo Street. 
HENRY W^HYTE, JOHN MENZIES & CO., and WILLIAM LOVE. 

EDINBURGH : NORMAN MACLEOD and JOHN GRANT. 
INVERNESS: WILLIAM MACKAY. PORTREE: J. G. MACKAY. 
OBAN ; THOMAS BOYD and HUGH MACDONALD. 

1S!I7. 



COflTEriTS. 



A Visit to Inehkenneth, by Dr. Duncan Mac- 

donald (illustrated), - - - - 103 

A Tale of a little Fairy Man, - - - - 145 

A Tale of Donald Glas, ----- -SS 

A Tale of the Evening Star, by Torquil Macleod, 1 54 
A Tradition of Glen Nevis, by W. Drummond- 

Norie (illustrated), - - - - - 133 

An Imprisoned Spirit, by Janet M'Culloch, - 78 
An old Strathglass Smuggler, by Angus Mac- 
kintosh, - - - - - - - 220 

Antiquarian Notes, by C. Frascr-Mackintosb, 

LL.D., ------- 130 

■ AthoU Brose, by Kenneth Mathicson, Jr., - !lO 

Bannockburn Day, ----- 20 

Charles Fraser-Mackintosh, LL.D.,- - l."0, 1.50 



HIGHLAND ASSOCIATIONS, CLUBS, ETC. 



CLAN SOCIETIES. . 

Clan Cameron. - - - - - 
Clan Campbell, - - - - - 
Clan Chattan Association, 30, 35, 70, 90, 
Clan Chattan, _ - - - - 

Clan Donnachaidh, • - - - - 
Clan Forbes, - 
Clan Grant, - 
Clan Gregor, - 
Clan Lament, 
Clan Lindsay. 
Clan Macdonald, 
Clan Mackay, 



130, 141, 
29 



30, 50, 70, 90, 110, 1-30, 
159, 
Clan Mackinnon, - - - - 76, 
Clan Maclean, 10, 30, 70, 110, 130, 150, 

Clan Macmillan, - - - 30, 80, 89, 
Clan Macrae, . _ - . - 

Clan Menzies, - _ - - - 

Clan Sutherland, - - - - - 
Ceol Mor, by General C. S. Thomason, - 

Death of Sir David L. Maopherson, - 
Death of John Mackay (Ben Reay), 
Death of J. Murray Graham, New Zealand, 
Death of Mr. Mackintosh, Erohless, 
Death of Duncan Forbes of Culloden, 
Donald C. Fraser, London, - - - 
Donald's Ghost Story, . - - - 
Diarmid and the Boar, . - - - 
Duchess of Sutherland, - - - - 



- 133 
130, 150 
133, 170 

50, 150 

- 233 
75, 139 

150, 208 

110, 113 

89, 130 

- 210 
25, 150 

136, 140, 
190, 210 
110, 139 
190, 208 
224, 225 
150, 170 
l!t. 36 
170, 210 

- (i3 
10, 90 

- 10 
70 

113 
230 
150 
45 
39 
146 
210 



Flora Macdonald 
(illustrated), 



by J. Hamilton Mitchell 

- 26, 48, 76, 96, 106 



Gaelic Teaching in Highland Schools, - - 130 
Genealogy of the Forbeses of Culloden, - - 1 39 
General Macleod kills a Black King, - - 39 
General Simon Fraser, by J. P. Maclean (illus.) 106, 1 96 



29, 170, 210 
- 190 
170 
170 



140, 150, 

85, 

21 



Edinburgh Sutherland Association, 
Franco-Scottish Society, 
Gaelic Society of Glasgow, 
Gaelic Society of Inverness, - 
Gaelic Society of London, 
Glasgow Caithness Association, - - - 189 
Glasgow County of Sutherland Association, 140, 170 
Glasgow Cowal Society, - - - - 160,210 
Glasgow Cowal Shinty Club, - - - - 90 
Glasgow Inverness shire Association, - - 104 

Glasgow Ross and Cromarty Association, - 25 

Glasgow Skye Association, - 67, 75, 140, 170 

Govan Highland As.sociation, - - 74, 84, 130 

Hawke's Bay Highland Assoc. (New Zealand) 25,113 
Highland Society of London, - - - - 2 1 
Lewis and Harris Association, - - 25, 75 

London Inverness-shire Association, 45, 170, 210 
Rosario St. Andrew's Society (Argentine Rep.), 100 

Highland Honours, - - . - 149, 195 

Highland Notes, - - - - - - 149 

Highland Place-Names in the United States, by 

J. P. Maclean, - - - - - 149 

Highlanders in France, by J. A. Lovat-Fraser, 228 
Highlanders in the Civil Service of the United 

States, by J. P. Maclean, - - - 140 

Historic Claymores, - - - - - 52 

History of the Munros, - ■ - - - 30 

History of the Macdonalds, - . - - 30 

Inscription on a Grave Stone in Java, by Frank 

Adam, ------ - 40 

Inverlochy, 1431-1645, by W. Drummond- 

Norie (illustrated), - - - - 71,82 

Jenny Cameron, by W. Drummond-Norie (illus.), 113 
Jubilee Honours, - 210 

Kintyre Smuggling Stories, by the late Cuthbert 

Bede, - 158, 164 

Minor Septs of Clan Chattan, by Charles Fraser 

Mackintosh, LL.D. (illustrated), 11,22,42,62, 
91, 111, 122, 151, 171, 193, 213, 226 

New Year's Day Shinty Match (illustrated), - 64 

Old Wives' Tales from Macleod's Country, by 

Lockhart Bogle (illustrated), - - 125, 145 
Only a Lout, by Robina Findlater, - - 17, 39, 58 

Reception to Lord Reay, - - - - 110 

Reviews, - - - - 20, 50, i;iO. 180, 18:i 

Rev. James Aberigh-Mackay, D.D., - - 146 

Rob Donn's Songs and Poems, - - ■ 2.".0 

Ruaraidh MacRath, le Eileanach, - 08,95,119 



■/.Ocrr 



/l/y: 



- KIT 
14ii, ISO 



:i> 70 



■Scottish National Petition, 

Shinty Notes, - - - - 1 : 

Sir Allan Maclean of Duart, - - . - 

St. KessoK, by F. Mary Colquhoun (illustrated). 

Surgeon Lient.-ColonelJohn MacGregor, M.D., 

Sutherland and the Reay Country, - 

Tale of Jock of Unish, - - - . . .^y 
Tales from Macleod's Country, by Lockhart 

Bogle (illustrated), ----- ;;7 

The Black Watch or Royal Highlanders, - 1'.12, 21.S 
The Brave Sons of Skye, - - - (is I'.ifi 
The Chief of the Olan Macrae, - - i;') ;;(; 

The ri,iefslii|, ,.f tl„. Clan Mackinnon, - - 13!! 
TheCoiillicI, i.rcirnlniin, - . - . joi> 

The ('l;in M.irkay \'ictoria Bursary, - - 1!(0 

The P'alls of Gloinaek, by K. Mat'hieson. Jr., - ]SS 
The Forty-Five, I'rom a Military Point of View, 20 
The Highland Bagpipe, by Dr. N. Hay-Forbes 

of Forbes (illu:<trated), - - - 2lC,,2:'u 

The Hi-lilnnd Chief, by J. A. Lovat Fraser, M.A., T.l 
The Highland Mod at Perth, - - - - 54 

The Highland Sword, by W. Drumniond-Norie, 

(illustrated), - - - - - 14, 34, 51 

The Highlanders of Scotland, by David Mac- 

donald. J.P. (illus.), 131, 147,176,191,218, 234 
The Legend of Duntroon, by Fionn, - - 8 

The Macbeans. by C. Fraser-Mackintosh, LL.D., 

(illustrated), - - . Ill, 122, 151, 171 
The MacGillivi-ays, by C. Fraser-Mackintosh, 

LL.D. (illustrated), - - 11, 22, 42, r,2, HI 
The Maephails, by C. Fraser - Mackintosh, 

LL.D. (illustrated), ----- I;i;! 

The Mac'p.ieens, by C. I'^raser - Mackintosh, 

LL.D. (illustrated), - - - - 21.3 22(1 

The Mud, ------. 

The ()ueeii of the Hebrides, by VV. C. Mackenzie 

(ilhistrated), - - " - - - 174 

The Royal Scots Greys, by John Mackay, 

Hereford (illustrated), 0, 31, 4G, 6(1, 9il, 

127, 142, 1(52, 186, 20(i 

The Storm Bride, by Torquil Macleod, - 

The Thin Red Line, 

The White Banner of the Clan Mackay, - 

The White Czar, by Alice C. Macdonell, IIG, 

The White Sands of Barra, by Torquil Macleod 

(illustrated), 

The Wooing of Aileen the B'air, .by Torquil 

Macleod (illustrated), - - - - 

Traditions of Loch Lomond, by F. Mary 

Colquhoun I illustrated), - - - ll)!l, 202 

Traditions of the Col(|uhoun Country, by F. 
Mary Colquhoun (illustrated), - 



210 



1S2 



231 

S'fi 
40 

]4i; 

137 



211 



OUR MUSICAL PAGE. 
G.4ELIC Songs with Music. 

A' Chuthag (The Cuckoo), by M. MacFarlane, 169 

■Canain nan Gaidheal, by C. M. P., - - - SS 
FcYilte Dhuntroin (Duntroon's Salute 1644), 

by Fionn, ---... g 

Fkilte na mor-thir, by JI. MacF.arlane, - - 29 
Is fada tha mi 'm aonar (I'm lang my lane), by 

Fionn, -.--."-. 209 
^S fada mar so tha sinn (Too long in this 

condition), by Fionn, - . - . 129 



PORTRAITS AND BIOGRAPHIES. 

.Alexander Cameron, Erracht, - - - - 116 
George Murray and Mrs. Campbell, Siam, - I 
John Campbell, Ledaig, - - - - - ISO 
Neil Campbell Colquhoun, Glasgow, - - 157 
The late Col. Francis Duncan, C.B., R. A., M.P., 10,5 
John George Fraser, Orange Free State, - - 4.5 
Major-General G. M'B. Farquliarson of Breda, 221 
Pipe-Major J. Macdougall Gillies, - - - 5S 
James and Mrs. Grant, Glasgow, - - - 141 
Donald Matheson of tlie Lews, _ _ - 5 
D. G. Mearns, B.D., of Disblair, - _ - 15 
George R. Munroc, Huddersfleld, - - - 176 
Dr. A. M. MacAldowie, Stoke-on-Trent, - - SI 
Dr. and Mrs. D. J. Macaulay, Halifax, - - 184 
David Macdonald, J. P., Aberdeen, - - - 125 
Admiral Robertson-Macdonald, Kinlochmoidart. 205 
Duncan Macgregor, - - - - - 215 
George and Mrs. Macgregor, London, - - 61 
Surgeon Lieut.-Colonel and Mrs. John Mac- 
gregor, London, - - . _ . lOl 
Provost and Mrs. John Macgregor, St. Andrews, 161 
John Macgregor, Oraigio, Perth, - . . <)(; 
William (jrant Macgregor. London, - - 181 
Captain A. Leith- Hay Mackay, - - - i;5 
Alexander Mackay, Aberdeen, - - - 105 
Campbell T. and Mrs Mackay, Liverjiool, - 201 
John (Editor, Ovitir Monthhj), and Mrs. Mackay 41 
Thomas Mackay, Largs, - - - " - ,S5 
Colonel Allan Maclean, M.D., Weymouth, - 237 
Arehiliald Ma^Lan, Berlin, - - - . 22.5 
Daniel Marleaii, Jr., Greenock, - - - 36 
Lieut. Hector F. Maclean, Yr. of Duart, - - 76 
Archibald Macniven, Manchester, - -. - 136 
Colin G. Macrae, W.S , Edinburgh, - - 21 
Duncan Macrae, Queensland, - - . - 151; 
Surgeon Lieut.-Col. Roderick Macrae, India, - 56 
Roderick Macrae, Beauly, - - - - 145 
William George and Mrs. Ross, Forres, - - 121 
Miss .Jean MacFarlan Scott, - - - - 2.5 
John Stewart, London, ----- 195 

POETRY. 

A Highland Funeral, by J. H. M., - - _ 28 

A Highland Maiden, by Echern, - - - 135 

An Gaidheal 's a' Dhuthaich', by R. F. Mackenzie, 55 
An Gaidheal anns a' bhaile-rahor, by K. Whyte 

Grant, ---.-.. 51; 

Annie's Lament, by William Allan, M.P., - 121 

A rim, by Alice C. Macdonell, - . - 74 

A Sonnet of Harvest Home, by Mavor Allan, - 208 

A Sonnet of Summer, by Mavor Allan, - - 185 

At Twilight's Hour, by Janet M'CuUoch, - 57 

Crocuses, by R. F. Forbes, - - - - 148 

Domhnull-na-Brataich, by Angus M.ackintosh, 160 

Ellen, mo run, by William Allan, M.P., - - 98 

Exiled, by W. M. Whyte, - . - . 2OI 

Far away, by William Mackenzie, - - - 61 

Gillean an Fheilidh, by Alice C. Macdonell, - 185 

Glenfarg, by W. Cuthbertson, - - . ;),c; 



Heather and Pine, by Isobel W. Cousin, - 
Highland Heather, by W. Drummond-Norie, ■ 
If I were King of France, by Neil Munrn, 
In the Island of Ee, by K. D. M., - 

Kenmore, Loch Tay, by M. Adamson, 

Lines to Loch Ness, by Angus Mackintosli, 
Long ago, by Janie Macpherson, - - - 

On New Year's Morning, by R. F. Forbes, 
On Visiting Bannockburn, by Mavor Allan, 

Snowdrops, by R. F. Forbes, 
Song for the Luss Highland Gathering, by F. 
Mary Colipdioun, - - - - - 

Te dhealbhach a' bheoil bhoidhlch, by R. Fraser 
Mackenzie, ------ 



PAGE 

lo5 



pa(;k 

The Captive Chief, by Janet M'CuUoch, - - 178 

The Fairy Sweetheart, . - - - - I45. 

The Highland Bagpipes, - - . - 150 

The Highland Crofters, by P. Macpherson, - 161 

The Highland Tartan, ----- 177 

The Massacre of Glencoe, by Alex. Stewart, - 20 

The Patriot's Welcome Home, by M. Adatnson, 160 

The Prince's Flower, by Mavor Allan, - - 75 
The Return of the Frasers from Blar-nan-Leine, 

by Angus Mackintosh, - - - - 104 

The Siren, by K. U. Mackenzie, - - - 18» 

Victoria, 1837-1897, by Mavor Allan, - - 18t> 

Visionland, by Maggie Bogle, - - - 2o 



ISO What I know of the Gael, by P. Macpherson, 







DEDICATED 








TO 






G E R E 


MURRAY 


CAMPBELL, Esq. 








Late of 


S I A .M , 




A Sutherlanc 


High 


ander, who, during many years spent in 


distant 


lands, was' ever mindful of his duty 


to his native country : an 


ardent 


lover of his 


people 


and language, 


le has generously contributed to 


every object 


likely 


to improve tlie 


social condition of his 


fellow 


Highlanders, 


conserve the language, 


and promote the literature of 


the Gael. 
















John M a c k a v. 



AlltHlBALD SlXCIiAIR, I'l 



47 Waterloo Street, Glas^o 




MRS GEORGE MURRAY CAMPBELL. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY: 

:4 MAGAZINE FOR HIGHLANDERS. 

Edited by JOHN MACKAY, Clasgow. 



No. 1. Vol. V.] 



OCTOBER, 1896. 



[Price Threepence. 



GEORGE MURRAY CAMPBELL, SIAM. 




^/J^IItEORGE MURRAY 
W^r CAMPBELL is a 

.>^J son of the late 
Mr. Kenneth Campbell, 
of Eden, Rogart, Suther- 
land, and comes of a good 
stock on both sides. He 
received the early part of 
his education in his native 
parish, and on his father 
receiving an appointment as Inspector of Works 
on the Highland Railway the son naturally 
took to railway work and made his way u]) so 
well that in 1S6><, at a comparatively early age, 
he was selected by the late Mr. Joseph Mitchell, 
Chief Engineer of the Highland Line, to go out 
to India to join the late Mr. David Reid and 
Mr. Mitchell's nephew, Mr F. D. Mitchell, who 
had, in partnership, secured a large contract 
from the Oreat Indian Peninsula Railway 
Company. 

These were the days when bridges and 
viaducts on Indian railways were, in the words 
of the Duke of Argyll, " coming down by the 
run," owing, as alleged, to inferior workmanship 
and bad material, but some of the condemned 
bridges had to be brought down by barrels of 
gunpowder so well did the masonry hold 
together. A reconstruction scare set in, and 
Messrs. Reid and Mitchell were entrusted with 
the renewal of many bridges on the Nagpore 
branch, of 240 miles. Mr. Campbell, then a 
young man of twenty- three, took immediate 
charge of works on the upper half of the line, 
including the Mahana viaduct of 1"2 eighty-four 
feet openings, and the large quarries at Parrus 
and Wurdha. There he soon picked ujj Hin- 
dustani, and in three mouths was able to 
dispense with an interpreter. He always 



declares that his facihty for picking up eastern 
languages was in great measure owing to his 
knowledge of Gaelic. 

In 1870, Messrs. Reid and Mitchell having 
secured the contract for the construction of the 
Navalapitya branch of the Ceylon Government 
Railway, Mr. Campbell began on that line a 
career in Ceylon which, with the exception of two 
short visits home, continued for a period of ten 
years, first, as already mentioned, with the 
aljove firm, and afterwards on the Matale 
branch of the main line with Mr. David Reid. 
In Ceylon Mr. Campbell had to deal with 
Indian as well as local labour. The first required 
a knowledge of Tamil, and the other of 
the Singalese Vernacular. Here again Mr. 
Campbell's Gaelic tongue facilitated the 
acquisition of these prevailing languages so far 
as to enable him in his dealings with headmen 
and individual labour to dispense with the 
native subordinate intermediary who, not only 
when he can, robs the coolie of a proportion 
i.if his well-earned gains, but discredits] the 
employer, and injures him in pocket as well as 
reputation. Besides being concerned in these 
railway undertakings, and as regards the latter 
one, being the agent in charge of half the line, 
he superintended at one time the upkeep of 
over 100 miles of first and second class metalled 
roads, and at another the construction of an 
important road in the Wellaway district, a very 
hot-bed of fever, from which he sufl'ered so 
severely as to necessitate a change home to 
shake it off. 

In 1880 Mr. David Reid and Mr. George 
Lowe Reid, in conjunction with myself, secured 
the contract for the construction of two railways 
in Jamaica, the Porus and Ewarton branches, 
4.5 miles in length. -Mr. Campbell was made 
manager, and given a junior partnership in the 
contract. He left Ceylon carrying with him 
letters from the Lieutenant-Governor (the late 
Sir John Douglass) and the Chief Engineer for 
Railways (Mr. J. R. Mosse), recommending 
him in very complimentary terms to the 
Government of Jamaica. There he had to do 



h 



taE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



with labour of a very different kind, and much 
more difficult to deal with than that of India 
and Ceylon. The work on this line was very 
heavy, some portions costing as much as £80,000 
a mile. On the Ewarton line (17 miles) there 
Were four large viaducts and live tunnels, one, 
the Gibraltar tunnel, over half a mile long. 
Owing to the want of suitable stone or bricks, 
cement concrete was used for viaducts, bridges, 
culverts, retaining walls, and stations, in fact 
the line was then the first example of the 
exclusive vise of cement concrete. The arched 
viaducts of fifty feet span, and all tunnel liniugs, 
were built of cement concrete in mass without 
a single failure, and all done by negro labour. 



These lines were opened to traffic in 188.'j-86 
by Sir Henry Norman, then Governor of the 
island, who in his public speeches bore flattering 
testimony to Jamaica's indebtedness to Mr. 
Campbell for the way the works had been 
carried out, and the labourers managed and 
cared for. The thousands of labourers round 
the station when he was leaving gave evidence 
of their love for " The Chief," as they always 
called him, by carrying him shoulder high in 
procession. 

On his return from .Jamaica Mr. Campbell 
was elected an Associate Member of the 
Institution of Civil Engineers. 

In 1887 Mr. Campbell was appointed by the 




^l.THE]iI,AXr>SIIIKK 



late Sir John Hawkshaw to rejjort on a scheme 
for a railway from the White Sea across the 
Ural Mountains to the Obi, but the promoters 
could not get the permission of the Russian 
Government to the scheme and it was dropped. 
Sir John then nominated Mr. Campbell as 
Engineer-in-Chief and Manager of the Midland 
Railway of Western AustraUa, from Perth to 
Gerald ton. Owing, however, to the great 
delay in raising the capital Mr. Campbell 
resigned the appointment and accepted an 
offer from Messrs. Jardine, Matheson, & Co., 
to go to Furmosa to shew the Chinese Governor 
General, Lieu Ming Chuan, how to open the 



island by railways. He was in Formosa for a 
year and with only a young assistant, Alister 
Campbell, yr. of Auchindarroch, made extensive 
surveys and laid out 80 miles of railway. The 
opposition however of the Mandarins, the 
impossibility of getting proper control over the 
works, and helplessness in stopping the bribery 
and corruption which reigned supreme, made 
his position untenable, and he resigned. 

In 1889 Mr. Campbell undertook the survey 
and construction of railways in the protected 
native .States of the Malay Peninsula, and in 
1891 his tender for the construction and 
equipment of 150 mUes of line in Siam waa 



THE OELTICJ MONTHLY. 



tlceepted for £1,"200,000, and on this work he 
is now engaged, assisted by a large staff of 
engineers, several of whom are Highlanders. 

In Malaya and Siam, finding the Malays 
and Siamese utterly useless for the works of 
construction, Mr. Campbell had to use Chinese, 
a race of whom, up till then, he had only 
comparatively little experience, but requiring 
very diti'ereut management to the Jamaican or 
Indian The Chinaman when trained is the 
most industrious and effective labourer in the 
world, but owing to his superstitious nature, 
and his utilitarianism, he is most difficult to 
train and manage. These difficulties are 
increased owing to the peculiarities of his 
language which is seldom mastered by the 
ailult European. To manage any eastern 
labourer a knowledge of his language is a first 
necessity, so as to dispense with a go-between, 
and give orders direct, and in the course of his 
career Mr. Campbell has had to learn, besides 
the languages already mentioned, Malay and 
sufficient Siamese and Chinese to make himself 
understood giviog simple orders. 

In November of last year Mr. Campbell took 
the King of Siam over 80 miles of the new line, 
an account and photographs of the trip, which 
was most successful, appeared afterwards in 
the London illustrated papers 

During all those years it may further be 
said to Mr. Campbells credit that he never 
forgot what was due to his name and his 
country. His interest in Gaelic and other 
Highland literature has always been keen; and 
every object intended to benefit Sutherland 
people has his warmest support. He is a 
member of the Highland Society of London. 

In 1SS7 Mr. Campbell was married to Lily, 
third daughter of the late ilr. William Haynes, 
of Wild woods, Hampstead Heath. .Mis. Camp- 
bell comes of a clever family and is herself au 
accomplished musician, and a painter in water- 
colours of no mean credit, as her pleasing 
sketches in many eastern lands abundantly 
testify. She has accompanied her husband 
everywhere — Formosa, the jungles of Malaya, 
and Siam — encouraging him in his work, 
brightening his home and making it a centre 
where his statf always received Highland 
hospitality. Mrs. Campbell plays Highland 
music in a way seldom acquired by one not to 
the manner born, and her " nichts wi Burns," 
at which were gathered together any Scotsmen 
within reach, will long be remembered in 
Kwala Lumpor and Bangkok. 

At a reception in the Royal Palace, just 
before she left Bangkok, the King was so 
pleased with her playing for him, by special 
request, that he there and then presented her 
with a valuable decoration, and from many of 



the Princes and Princesses she has had valuable 
tokens of their esteem. 

Mrs. Campbell, like her husband, is no mean 
liuguist, and is thoroughly conversant with the 
Malay language. For private circulation 
amongst friends she has written an interesting 
account of her year in Formosa, in which she 
deals with the scenery, government and customs 
of the country, giving her own personal 
experiences and many illustrations. 

One of Mrs. Campbell's brothers was Captain 
Alfred Ernest Haynes of the Royal lOugineers, 
who was unfortunately killed the other day, 
after leading his men to victory at the storming 
of Makoni's Kraal in Mashonaland Captain 
Haynes had, for so young a man, as already 
noticed in the newsjjapers, a distinguished 
cai-eer, and his early soldier's death on the 
field of battle is a loss to the service to which 
he had so zealously devoted himself. 

Hpipforrt John Mack.w. 




TRADITIONS OF THE COLQUHOUN 
COUNTRY. 



By F. Mary Colvuhoun. 

(^Continued from Vol. IV., pwje 225.) 

Lady Helen Sutherland Colquuoun — Janet 

Sinclair, Lady CoLQaHOUN — Ri:v. Dr. 

JouN' Stuart, Transl.\tor ok the Biblk 

INTO Gaelic — Dr. Stuaut and thu Luss 

Inn-keeper — Incidents at the burials 

of Sir Jambs and Lady Colquhoun. 

^^i HAVE before me a copy of a letter from 

■y'ly Lady Helen (Sutberlaml) Colqiihouii, 

— which may be seen in the ' Cliiefs of 

Oolquhoun and their Country," by Sir William 

Fiasor (from whose volumes I have borrowed so 

largely), dated Rossdhu, January .5tii, 1745, 

speaking of a panic there on account of an 

alleged raid of the Macgregora to the Luss 

shores of Loch Lomond. The writing is very 

curious, and the capital letters in the signature 

like spider's webs ! 

Janet Sinclair— Lady Colquhoun. 

This saintly lady was born on the 1 7th of 
April, 1781, and was the younger daughter of 
Sir John Sinclair of Ulbster, Bart., her mother 
being Sarah Maitland, onlj child and heiress of 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



Alexander Maitland, of Stoke Newington 
The sole other child of this marriage was 

Hannah, the unforgotten authoress of " Letters 

on the Christian Faith," pronounced by William 

Wilberforce to be the best compendiaiu on the 

subject he had ever seen. 

The Life of Lady Colquhoun, by Dr. James 

Hamilton of Lada, passed rapidly into four 

editions. 



Rev. Dr. John Stuart, Gaelic TBANSLAToft. 

When Lad}' Colquhoun came to Rossdhu, 
and for many following years, the gifted minister 
of the parish was the well known Dr. John 
Stuart, famed as scholar and florist, and under 
the sanction of the Churcli of Scotland he trans- 
lated the Bible into Gaelic. His manse garden 
contained many rare and valuable flowers and 
shrubs. His patron. Sir James Colquhoun, 




ANNE I'OI.nlTricniN, 
Fruin Ihe Oriijiiial Fit iiUiiisj 

sympathised with Dr. Stuart in all his literary 
tastes, being himself a great judge of pictui-es 
and china, as well as a famed botanist. It was 
he who sowed the " bonnie shores of Loch 
Lomond " with daffodils, which flutter still in 
thousands there, scenting the western breezes. 
The present Chief lias lately irapoited a number 
of arbutus trees, which in time will no doubt 
make the islands of Loch Lomond have a sisterly 
resemblance to Killarney ! 



Dr Stuart anu the Luss Inn-keepek. 

Dr. Stuart of Luss was noted for his hospi- 
tality, as well as for his scientific and literary 
pursuits. No stranger of distinction would 
have missed the opportunity of inspecting the 
rare botanical collection in the manse garden, 
or of being acquainted with its accomplished 
possessor. The hospitalities of the manse were, 
however, a source of perpetual annoyance to the 




DONALD MATHESON. 



THE OELTIO MONTHLY. 



boniface of tlie "hostel," who fancied himself 
I'olilied of his annual harvest, and one night 
when the manse was thi'onged with guests, and 
the inn very empty, he slyly took down his sign- 
post and stuck it over the minister's dining 
room window. Dr. Stuart's first intimation 
that he had set up in the public line was the 
fiery visage of the inn-keeper glaring in upon 
the well-spread breakfast table, with the 
ominous words — " Since ye hae taen awa' the 
company, ye maun as weel hae the sign alang 
wi' them ! " 

Janet, Lady Colquhoun, and Sir James. 

Lady Colijuhoun formed an association called 
the "Luss and Arrochar Bible Society," and 
spent her life in forwarding every good move- 
ment in the cause of Christ, both in Edinburgh 
and on the family properties. She survived her 
husband about ten years and died at Rossdhu, 
full of faith and hope, sixty-six years of age. 
She was buried in the Chapel at Rossdhu, 
wearing her wedding ring, and a ring containing 
her husband's hair, by her own desire. When 
tlie grave had closed over all that was mortal of 
Sir James some ten years before, there wa.s 
great lamentation over him. An aged clansman 
was propped up in bed to see the mournful 
procession pas.s, and fainted away when he 
caught sight of the hearse containing the lifeless 
form of his much-loved Chief, borne as usual on 
the shoulders of three Colquhouns and three 
Grants. There were also present some retainers 
of the family, whose heads had become blanched 
in the successive service of three or four 
generations, but who retained undiminished 
that feeling of devoted attachment which is the 
characteristic of the Highlanders of the north 
and west. 

On those who have had progenitors such as 
those mentioned devolve special responsibilities 
— " Noblesse oblige," and it is a joy to add that 
the ])resent Chief and his family do all in their 
power to shew that they feel tlie earthly 
inheritance is a trust to be accounted for to 
the Heavenly Master, who is making them meet 
some in one way, some in another, for the 
" Inheritance of the Saints in Light," where 
God grant we may meet " one day all in our 
Father's Home at last ! " 

(To be continued.) 



DONALD MATHESON OF THE LEWS. 



Jl'^lO early as the fifteenth century the 
tfjvS^ ancestors of Mr. Matheson were chiefs 
'N^ of no small repute in Sutherland. The 
progenitor of the family was Donald Ban 



Matheson, whose wife was a daughter of the 
Earl of Caithness. The clan took part in 
several of the numerous conflicts which disturbed 
the peace of Sutherland during the sixteenth 
century. In 162G we find the head of the 
family, Colonel George M^itheson of Shiness, 
accompanied .Sir Donald Mackay, First Lord 
Reay, in the wars of Gustavus Adolphus of 
Sweden. In the Jacobite risings of 171.5 and 
'45 the clan, like the Mackays and Sutherlands, 
es|)0used the side of the (iovernment against 
the Stuarts. 

Donald Matheson. who had served in the 
Sutherland Fencibles of 1759 and 1779, married 
Catherine, daughter of the Rev. Thomas 
Mackay of Lairg, descended from the Mackays 
of Scourie. His second .son, .James Sutherland 
.Matheson, joined the great mercantile house of 
Messrs. Jardine, Matheson & Co., India and 
China, and amassed a large fortune. He 
)iurchased the Island of Lewis from the 
Seaforths, and spent a vast sum in improving 
the property and erecting a most magnificent 
Castle at Stornoway. He died in 1878, leaving 
Lews and Achany in life-rent to Lady Matheson, 
and entailed on his nephew, Donald Matheson, 
]iresent representative of the ancient family of 
Shiness, who recently succeeded to the estates. 

Such is a brief sketch of the history of this 
ancient and distinguished family. Mr. Donald 
Matheson, of the Lews, worthily maintains the 
high reputation of his race. He was educated 
at the High School of Edinburgh, and being 
devoted to a business career proceeded to China 
as an assistant in the firm of Messrs. Jardine, 
Matheson it Co. Being of a deeply religious 
disposition his experience of the opium tratiic 
was such that he became an intensely earnest 
anti-opiumist. On his return to Scotland, he 
married, in 1849, Jane Ellen, daughter of 
Lieutenant Horace Petley, R.N., who is still a 
sympathetic partner of his domestic joys, and a 
helper in his public life. During the subsequent 
years Mr. Matheson has devoted himself mainly 
to mission work in Edinburgh and London. 
As an ardent Presbyterian he has rendered 
valuable service in the London Presbytery, and 
for a lengthened period acted as Hon. Secretary 
of their Presbyterian Mission in India. Mr. 
Matheson is also a Vice-President and Treasurer 
of the Evangelical Alliance ; and he has done 
good service as a worker in the Foreign 
Evangelization Society. He gave evidence 
before the British Opium Commission at West- 
minster, and strongly denounced the sale of that 
drug in India under Government patronage. 

Mr. Matheson has two sons, Duncan, Major 
of the Inniskilling Dragoons, and Donald, 
Minister of the Presbyterian Church, Putney, 
near London. Editor. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 




Part \l.— (Continued from VnJ. IV., pm/e -23.3.) 
Christina Davis, the Woman Soldier. 

Battles of Ohdenarde a>d Malplaquet. 
^Jt^rTER the Battle of Blenheim she fell in 
(^^& with her husband, made herself known 
=*y^ to him. and passed for his brother 
imtil detected after Eamillies. She had escaped 
unhurt through the hottest of the battle, but 
when the French were rapidly retiring from 
the disastrous field, a splinter 'of a shell from 
one of the enemy's mortars struck her on the 
head and fractured her skull. She did not 
recover for ten weeks, and during the surgeon's 
attendance upon her, her sex was discovered. 
"No sooner had they made this discovery" 
she observes in her curious narrative, "but 
they acquainted Brigadier Preston that his 
pretty dragoon (for so I was always called) was 
a woman. The news spread far and near, and 
reaching my Lord John Hay's ears (Colonel of 
the Scots Greys) he came to see me, as did my 
former comrades, and my Lord called my 
husband. He gave him a full and satisfactory 
account of our lirst acquaintance, marriage, 
and situation, and my Lord seemed very well 
entertained with my history." 

This brave Amazon continued with the 
army until the conclusion of the war, but 
resumed the dress appropriate to her sex, and 
instead of handling sword, pistol, or musket, 
she dispensed wine, brandy, and other 
necessaries to the troops. She returned to 
England after the treaty of Utrecht, and was 



allowed by Queen Anne a pension of one 
shilling a day. Her death took place on the 
7th July, 173!1, and she was buried with 
military honours in the graveyard of Chelsea 
Hospital. 

In 1707 the Union of Scotland and England 
was effected. The Scots Greys, in virtue of 
that event, and the transcendent valour they 
displayed at Blenheim and Eamillies became the 
"Royal Regiment of North British Dragoons." 

In this year the only occasion which brought 
the "Scots Greys" into contact with the enemy 
was on the 21st .June. A detachment of i'5 
sabres convoying a foraging party met on its 
return with some 30 French mousquetaires, 
who at once took up a favourable position and 
poured a volley into the Greys, who instantly 
drew their swords and down they came upon 
the French, sabring 14 of them and making 
the remainder prisoners. 

On the 11th July the Greys participated in 
Marlborough's third great battle of Oudenarde, 
in which the cavalry was scarcely engaged, but 
by the dawn of next morning the Greys were 
in the saddle and in pursuit of the enemy. 

The Battle of Oudenarde was wholly an 
infantry battle, no cavalry or artillery was used. 
The French had had half-a-dozen guns on the 
field. Darkness closed in before the victory 
was decided, battalions fought singly wherever 



THE OELTIO MONTHLY. 



they could oppose one another. As darkness 
deepened it required all the activity of the 
officers to prevent the men from firing upon 
friends as well as foes. At length the cease 
tiring sounded, and the French availing them^ 
selves of the pause began to fall back and quit 
the field, with the greatest rapidity. 

Prince Eugene at this crisis with a singular 
forethought ordered the drummers of his own 
battaUons to beat the French "assemblee." 
This ruse was most successful. Thousands of 
French came into the British and Dutch hnes, 
and all were disarmed and made prisoners. 

The loss of the French in this battle was 
enormous. " Had we been so happy as to have 
had two hours more of dayhght," said .Marl- 



borough, "we should, I believe, have put sn 
end to the war." The retreat of the French be- 
came a scene of the gi'eatest disorder and tumult. 
They fled pell mell along the highway to Ghent, 
having lost 20,000 men in killed, wounded, and 
prisoners, of whom 1000 were officers, more 
than a 100 colours and standards, 4000 horses, 
and all their guns. The loss of the allies was 
5000. Marlborough immediately marched for 
the French lines at Ypres and Warneton, 
captured and levelled them, then laid siege to 
Lille, and captured it, defeated the French 
again at ^Yyuendal, invested and captured 
Ghent and Bruges. 

In 1709 Marlborough displayed his talents 
as a diplomatist in striving to negotiate a treaty 



9 f 







:i;sIIiJT .ML -1 Al 



of peace. Preliminaries were agreed upon, but 
when they were submitted to the French King, 
he refused to ratify them. War again began, 
and continued with unvarying success bj' the 
allied commanders, Marlborough and Prince 
Eugene, who advanced upon Tournay, the chief 
place in the province of Hainault, one of the 
finest fortresses in Europe. Marlborough 
skilfully out-generalled his old antagonist 
Villars, and pressed the siege with such vigour 
and energy that it surrendered at discretion on 
the 2Sth July, after four weeks' siege. The 
citadel was given up on the 3rd September. The 
losses on both sides were heavy owing to mining 
and countermining, by which hundreds were 
blown up, in what a French historian calls 



"this infernal labyrinth." Again hoodwinking 
Villars, who was intrenched on the Scheldt, 
Marlborough detached the Prince of Hesse 
with his division to Mons, and he succeeded in 
investing it before the French Marshals had any 
idea of such a movement being contemplated. 

At a council of war on the 8th September 
the allied commanders determined to secure 
the capture of Mons, and moved forward with 
93,000 men and 101 guns. The French army 
was equally strong. On the 9th September 
both armies encamped within six miles of each 
other on a plateau presenting a hilly surface 
ten miles to the south of Mons. After various 
moves and counter-moves to prevent reinforce- 
ments being sent into Mons, both armies moved 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY 



forward. Marlborough fixed his headquarters 
at Blaregnies, while Villars took possession of 
M alplaquet. His right extended to that village 
which lay near the extensive and impenetrable 
wood of Saart, his left was covered by another 
thick wood, and his centre defended by three 
lines of trenches formed along a narrow jilain, 
the whole being secured by an "Abatis de bois," 
or fortification of felled trees, with their 
branches outwards, a veritable citadel, and a 
formidable position to attack. In this position 
Marshal Villars awaited that conflict, which in 
killed and wounded was to surpass Blenheim, 
Eamillies, and Oudenarde put together. From 
the 0th to the 11th all remained quiet. No 
two such armies as those which now faced each 
other had yet been brought into the field. 
The chivalry of modern Europe was serving 
under the banners of either side. 

In the ranks of the allies were Marlborough 
and Prince Eugene of Savoy, the Princes of 



Orange and Hesse Cassel, Marshal Count Tilly 
commanding the Dutch, Generals John, Duke 
of Argyll, Earl of Stair, Eai'l of Orkney, 
Marquis of Tullibardine, Albemarle, Lumley, 
Cadogan, Schulemberg, Lattum, Bulow, Fagel; 
Vichleu, Prince of Auvergue, Dohna, Spaar, 
Oxenstiern, Rautzan, Withers, and amongst 
the junior officers were the Prince Royal of 
Prussia, Counts Sax, Munich, and Schwerin, 
while amongst the French were Marshals 
Villlars and Boufl'lers, Dukes de Grammont, de 
Guiche, Isenghien, Marquis de Puysegur, 
Montmorency, De Coigny, Counts De Broglie, 
Nangin, Chaulnes, Duras, Albergotti, Pallavi- 
cini, La-Motte, and General, afterwards 
Marshal, Montesquieu. There were also St. 
Hilaire and the renowned Chevalier Toland, 
and last, not least, the hapless Pretender, 
James the third, serving as a volunteer. 

[To be continued). 



OUR MUSICAL PAGE. 



3N a former occasion (See Vol. III.) I 
gave a version of the well-known 
pibroch "A Cholla mo i-iin" — and the 
various traditionary stories attached thereto. I 
am pleased to be able to give a very complete 
set of the Gaelic words as.sociated with another 
famous pibroch — Fuitte Dhuntiviu — Duiitroon's 
Salute. I am not aware that they have ever 
been in print before, and I have to exjjress my 
indebtedness to a Lome Highlander, Mr. D. 
MacDougall, now resident in Yorkshire, for the 
words. 

Tradition relates that Sir Alexander Mac- 
Donald, better known as Alistcv, Mac Cholla 
Chiotaich, invaded Argyllshire about tlie 3'ear 
1644. Landing in Campbeltown with a force of 
about 1.500 rank and file, he marched forward 
through Kintyre to Tarbert. " Arriving at the 
passes, he ordered his men to march in loose 
order over Sliabh-gaoil (an extensive mountain 
many miles in length), and to descend upon the 
Campbells' country, Ceanntarbert, and on to 
Knapdale, with power to massacre every person 
who attempted to oppose them. He moved 



himself, in a small fleet of galleys, by the west, 
landed at Castle Sween, already burnt by his 
father ; from thence he marched to Duntroon 
Castle, which he surrounded, by sea and land, 
determined to massacre every person within its 
walls for the murder of his father's piper, etc. 
Alexander ordered his piper to play the 
Macdonald's March, in place of which, he 
instantly composed a war-cry, and played it to 
alarm Duntioon and warn him of his approaching 
danger, by way of a salute, which in the original 
runs thu.s, "•Faille dhuit, slainle d/niit, Jailte 
dhuit, a Dliuntrbin. The warm efi^usion of the piper 
could not be better expressed to suit his purpose. 
After saluting Duntroon and wishing 1dm good 
health, he warns him to be aware of his danger 
— that the enemy was ready to attack liira by 
sea and land, right, left, and front; this war- 
cry, or rather warning tune, was understood on 
board, and the poor piper instantly hoisted up 
mast high, and executed for liis temerity. 
Alexander finding he co\dd not reduce Duntroon 
Castle, moved northward to his work of 
destruction."* FiONN. 



Kennedy's Lmidlieddair Gaidliliii, 1830. 



FAILTE DHUNTROiN DUNTROON'S SALUTE, 1644. 

Key G. Shwlji, iu repn-wnf thu uhaIiiUiIudis i,f the xmven. 

An t-Urlar. 



I s .,ri : s I l.,s : 1 | s.,n : s 

I'ailtu ainiit, slaiiitc dhuit, failte dluiit 



s.,d: I'l I s.,n : s I 1 .,s : 1 | ^f,r : f | s.,ti: r ( 

Ulu'iiitr.Mii ; Failte dhuit, sh'iin to dhuit, failte dhuit a Dlu'mtniiu ; 



I'HE OELTIO MONTHLY. 9 

I s .,n : s I l.,s : 1 ! s.,n : s I s.,d : n I si,r : f I s.,ti : r I s.,ri : s [ s.,d: ri | 

Sliinte dhuit, failte lUiuit, sluiiitK (limit a Dliiuitroiii ; Slainte (limit, failte dlmit, slaiiite dluiit a DhuntnMii. 

I Sj[,r: 1 I s.,ti: r i s.,n: s I s.,d: ri | s.,n: s I 1 .,s : 1 I ^,r : f | s.,ti: r \ 

FMlte (limit, slaiiite dluiit, failt o'm chruit '3 mi air iKU'd ; Slainte dhuit, shiiute dlmit. fiulti; (limit's ■niaii-iuim Ix-o. 



I s.,n: s I l.,s : 1 I s.,n: s I s.,d : n | f.,1 : Kf I i'i.,d: s_^ri | s.r,i'i : I ., i- | s.,tr- r 

Failte dlmit, sl.'uiite dlmit, failte dlmit a DlniatK.iii, Failte dlmit, slainte dlmit, failte (limit a Dliiint ..i i 



SlUKHAL. 
Failt o'm chruit, failt' o'ln chruit, 
Slainte dhuit, slainte dhuit, 
Failte dhuit, failte dhuit, 
N.iile 's le('iir, niiile 's leiiir. 
Slainte dhuit, failt' d'ui chruit, 
Fiiilt' o'm chruit i.s o'm niheoir, 
Slainte dhuit 's failt' o'm chruit 
Failte dhuit 's sinn fo shebl, 
Fiiilt' o'm mhebir, fJiilt' o'm uiheotr, 
Niile 's lebir, naile 's lebir, 
Fiiilte dhuit, slainte dhuit 
Failte dhuit a Dhimtroin. 

SlUBHAL SlEAMHAINN. 

Failte, fkilte, slainte, slilinte, 
Naile, uh,ile, chairinn, chairinn 
Geard ort, ge;\rd ort, 
SliYinte, slainte, fiiilte, failte, 
Sliiinte dhuit, sliiinte dhuit, 
Failte dhuit, fiiilte dhuit, 
Sliiinte, sliiinte, fiiilte, fiiilte, 
Fidlte, fiiilte, slainte, sliiinte, 
Fiiilte dhuit a Dhimtrbin, 
Fiiilte dhuit, sliiinte dhuit, 
Sliiinte dhuit, fiiilte dhuit, 
Failte dhuit a Dhiintroin. 

Taok-luath a stioh. 
Sin iad tliu.tjad, so iad agad, 
Bidh iad agad a Dhiiuntroin, 
So iad agad, sin iad thugad, 
Tha iad thugad a Dhiintri>in. 
Tha iad agad, sin iad thugad. 
Bidh iad agad a Neill big. 
So iad thugad, sin iad agad, 
Bi air d' fhaicill a Neill big. 
Sin iad thugad, sin iad thugad, 
Tha iad agad a Neill big, 
Piobaireachd air cliir na luinge, 
'8 fuaim na tuinne ri Dimtrbin. 

Tack luath a mach. 
Piobaireachd 's an t-sebmar rahullaicb, 
Piobaireachd am muigh air Ibn, 
Piobaireachd 's an t-sebmar mhullaicb, 
Piobaireachd air long fo shebl. 
Sin iad agad, so iad agad 
Tha iad agad a Ntdll big 
Piobaireachd 's an tsebmar mhullaich 
'S fuaim na tuinne ri Diintriiin. 
Gu bhi, gu bhi air tir 's ad choir. 
Air tir, air tir, air tir 's mu d' shroin, 
Gu bhi, gu bhi air tir le 'n Ibd. 
Le 'n sg(iitli, 's le 'n calg, 
Ni garbli, 's niiann fhebil, 
Lilmh dhearg, liimh dhearg. 



Liinih dhearg Mhic Dhbmhnuill. 
Liiinh dhearg, liirah dhearg 
Lkmh dhearg 'nad ch()ir. 
Lkmh dhearg, liimh dhearg 
A mharbh's gach bei'j, 
Piobaireachd air bbrd na luinge 
'S dliith ort cunnart a Dhimtridu. 

An TAOR-LUATH UREiBVCII, 

Gach bogha air stao 
Gach saighead 'an glaic 
Gach bogha air stac. 

Is diiin an cr('). 
Gach iidabac 's cliabh 
Greas ulladh gu dian, 
Gach iidabac 's cliabh 

Is diiin an cr('). 
Gach Iidabac 's cliabh 
Greas ulladh gu dian 
Gach iidabac 's cliabh 

An Dimtrbin. 
Piobaireachd air cliir na luinge 
'S dliitli ort cunnart a Dhiintrbin. 
Lkmh dhearg, liimh dliearg, 
Ni dearg gu leiiir, 
Lamli dhearg, liunh dhearg 

Le dearg Dhiintrbin. 
Piobaireachd 's an t-sebuiar mhullaich 
Piobaireachd a muigh air lim, 
Piobaireachd air cliir na luin'ge 
'S dliith ort cunnart a Neill iiig. 
Piobaireachd 's an t-sebmar mhullaich 
Piobaireachd air long fo shebl, 
Piobaireachd air bbrd na luinge 
'S fuaim na tuinne ri Dimtrbin. 

A' CHKU.N-LUITH. 

Greas umad, bi dian, 
Bi dian, bi dian, 
Bi dian, greas umad, 
Greas umad, bi dian, 
Bi dian greas umad, 
Bi dian greas umad, 
Greas umad bi dian. 
Bi dian, bi ullamh, 
Bi ullamh, bi dian, 
Bi ullamh, bi dian, 
Bi dian, bi ullamh, 
Gach iidabac 's cliabh, 
Gacli isreach* is sgiatli , 

Is diiin an crb. 
Finite dhuit sliiinte dhuit, 
Fkilte dhuit a Dhiintrbin, 
Piobaireachd 's an l-sebmar mhullaich, 
'S fuaim na tuinne ri Dimtrbin. 



[xreach — a polished heliuet. 



10 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



TO CORRESPONDENTS. 

Alt Communications, OH literary and business 
matters, should he addressed to the Editor, Mr. JOUN 
MACKAi; 'J Hliithswood Drive, Olnsi/on: 

TERMS OP SUBSCRIPTION. ~ The CELTIC 
MONTHL Y will be sent, post free, to any part of the 
United Kimjdom, Canada, the United States, and all 
countries in the Postal Union — for one year, 4s- 



The Celtic Monthly. 

OCTOBER, 1896 

cor<rT7E:iNrTs. 



Gkokoe Murray C.^mi'Uell, Siam (with plates), - 
Traditions of the Coiiirnoux Country (illustrated), 
Donald M.\tiie80n, ok the Lews (with plate), 
The Royal Scots Greys, Part VI. (illustrated), - 
Oi:r Musical Paoe— Failtb Dhuntroi.v— Dustroon s 

Salutk, 1044, 

To our Readers, 

MiNoii Septs of Clan Chattan (Illustrated), 
The Highland Sword (illustrated), 
Rev. D. G. Mearns, BD., or Disblair (with plate), 
Long Ago (poem), -.----- 

Only a L/UT, - - - 

Letter to the Editor— Ciiikf of the Clan Macrae, 

VlSlONLAND (poem), 

The Massackf. of Glencue (poem), 

Reviews, - 



NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS. 

With this issne ive commence our Fifth Volume. 
As we are anxions to make up our List ofSuhscrihers 
for the Vohvme as soon as possible, we shall feel (jreiitlij 
favoured if oiir readers v:Hl kindly forward tin ir 
annual sid)scriptions (41- post free) at once, fo the 
Editor, Mr. John Mackay, 9 Blythswood Drire, 
(ilasiimn. f^^thscribers mir/ht kindly give thin their 
uniiK'diafe nffe„t„v. 

OUR NEXT ISSUE. 

With mir iSi.vtjiiiber number we will give plate 
liortraits of Mr. John Mackay, Editor, Celtic 
Moiithlii, Glasgow (in response to the request of 
many of our readers); Mr. Colin G. Macrae, W.S., 
Edinburgli (head of the Inverinate family); Mr. 
Daniel Maclean, Jr., Secretary of the Clan Maclean 
Society, Greenock ; and Miss Jean MacFarlane 
Scott, Sunderland ; with biographical sketches. 

We regret that owing to the pressure on our 
space we have been reluctantly compelled to hold 
over the opening; chapter of the article on "Flora 
Macdonald," and "Tales of the Macleod Country," 
by Mr. Lockhart Bogle. 

Celtic Mo.sthlv, Volume IV. — As we will only 
be able to supply a few complete bound copies of 
this volume, some of the parts being already out of 
print, those who desire copies should communicate 
with us at once. The price is 10/- post free, and 
copies can be had from the Editor, Mr. John 
Mackay, 9 Blj'thswood Drive, Glasgow. 



The following jiaragraph, which we cull from a 
northern paper, will doubtless interest many of 
our Highland friends. — ' ' We learn that Mr. John 
Mackay, Honorary Secretary of the Clan Mackay 
Society, and Editor of the Celtii: MonthUj, is to be 
married on the 23rd of September to Miss Annie 
Maclean Sharp, daughter of Mr. Duncan Sharp, 
Glasgow. Mr. Sharp was for a number of years 
President of Ci>munn Oaidhecdaeh (.7i7i(.sc7i», which 
carried on for many years the weekly Gaelic 
concerts." — John o' Groat Journal. 

"Cbol Mok." — Our readers will find particulars 
regarding this most important publication in our 
advertising pages, the first part of which is in the 
press. Ceol Mor will be the largest collection 
of piobaireachd ever published, and the tunes 
having been revised by several of the most 
celebrated pibroch players of the present day may 
be accepted as correct. General Thomason has 
spent thirty years collecting and verifying these 
pibrochs, and his Ceol Mor notation will make 
them easily acquired by any piper who is anxious 
to learn the classical music of the Gael. As the 
edition is to be a limited one, those desirous of 
securing copies should apply at once to the publisher 
of Ceol Mor. Mr. John Mackay, 9 Blythswood Drive, 
Glasgow. Each part consisting of 32 pages of 
music costs 4,'-; the whole collection of 209 pibrochs, 
with book of notation, can be had, neatly bound in 
cloth, for two guineas, by subscribers registering 
before the end of the year. 



De.vth of Sik Daviii L. Ma(Thei:son, K.O.M.G. 
— We regret to announce the death of this dis- 
tinguished Highlander in mid-ocean, on August 
loth. He was a native of Inverness, and was 
educated at the Royal Academy. He went to 
Canada, where he attained to great eminence, being 
Dominion Senator and member of the Queen's 
Privy Council for Canada, Minister of the Interior 
of the Macdonald Cabinet, 1883-5, and Speaker of 
the Senate, 1880 3. Sir David had been travelling 
on the Continent lately, his copies of the Celtic 
being addressed to San Reino, Italy. In a recent 
letter to Provost Macpherson, Kingussie, he said 
" I have had an ardent desire to visit the Highlands 
once more, and you have done much to increase, if 
possible, that desire — especially to have another 
glimpse of Badenoch, the country of our clan, but 
it is ' too late.' " His death will be regretted by a 
large circle of friends both in this country and 
Canada. 

Lieutenant-Colonel William Rbnnie, late 
OF THE 90th Regiment, died at Forres on the 
29th August. He was a native of Dornoch, 
Sutherlandshire. His military career was a most 
distinguished one, having risen from the ranks to 
the command of his regiment. He served in a 
number of campaigns, and during the Indian 
Mutiny was awarded the Victoria Cross for 
" conspicuous gallantry." 

The Clan Maclean Society have decided to 
present Mr. Neil Maclaine, Rutland Crescent, with 
a Testimonial in acknowledgment of his valuable 
services to the Society. Mr. Maclaine is one of 
the Vice-Presidents of the Society, and a most 
active member. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



11 




MINOR SEPTS OF CLAN CHATTAN. 




By Chaeles Frasee-Mackintosh, F.8.A., Scot. 



The MAcGiLLn-RAYs. 
IjF old the Clan Chattan were reckoned under two 
classes, the first — nine in number — sprung of the 
Chief's own house, and the second — seven in 
number— those who had incorporated or attached them- 
selves, though of other names than that of Mackintosh, 
thus making sixteen in all. Amongst the latter class the 
MacGillivrays stood the first and oldest, for according to 
the Croy i\IS. history, compiled by the Rev. Andrew 
Macphail, who it is understood died minister of Boleskine, 
1608, it is said that about the year 12G8 " Gillivray, the 
progenitor of the Clan vie Gillivray, took protection ' and 
dependence for himself and posterity of this Farquhard 
Mackintosh (5th of Mackintosh, who was killed in 1274 
aged 36)." 

Sir Eueas Mackintosh in his manuscript, privately 
printed in 1892 by the present Chief, and 28th of 
Mackintosh, gives the date as 1271. 

The origin of the name may be looked for in the fourth 
or last part of MacGillivray, "for invariably in Gaelic, and 
in my yoimger days, elderly people of good position put 
the weight on this last portion, and not as is now invariably 
done in English, on the second. 

Betwixt this first, and Duncan (whom I place as 1st of 
Dimmaglass) who Hved about 1500, is a long step, and it 
is not the purpose of these papers to do other as a rule, 
than deal with facts. 

It may be taken for granted that the :\IacGillivrays 
came from the west, and have been settled at Dunmaglass, 
in the braes of Strathnaii-n, and along the valley of Nairn, 
long before we know their authentic history. In the year 
1791, one. Farquhar M'Gillivour, aged 82, living on the 
banks of the river Nairn, was examined in court, and in 
answer to a query what his real name was, said he was 
called Farquhar M'Gillivour in every part of the country, and 
that the MGiUivours were followers of the MacGillivrays, 
ha\'ing come at the same time from the Western Islands! 
The descent of the Dunmaglass family was reckoned very 
good in the Highlands; and the late John Lachlan the lOth, 
who was exceedingly proud, and in his latter days a very 
reserved man, used in his cups to declare "he was descended 
of Kings." 

Dunmaglass, at least one half of it, belonged to the old 
Thanes of Kalder, and is first mentioned in the service of 



12 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



Donald as heir to his father, Andrew, in the 
lands in the year 1414. The other half belonged 
to a family named Menzies in Aberdeenshire, 
who in 1419 agreed to sell them to the above 
Donald Kalder, who in 1421 gets a disposition 
of them, described as lying within the barony 
of Kerdale. This was one of the extensive 
baronies belonging to the old estates and 
Earldom of Moray, but the estate having been 
broken up, the barony has been long in disue- 



tude. The estate of Dunmaglass, now in one, 
was of considerable value, being rated as a four 
pound land of old extent, equivalent to two 
freeholds. 

There is evidence of a Farquhar-vic-Conchie 
styled of Dunmaglass in the year 1547. I 
purpose beginning with his father. 

I. — Duncan M acGillivray, born probably 
about 1500 — his son. 

II. — Farquhar, found in 1547 — his son. 




Pn'lii J!. It. ^f■|al,\ ■■ Clan 

III. — Allister More, designated as " AUister- 
vic-Farijuhar-vic-Conchie of Dunmaglass," is 
found ou 28th May, 1578, having some connec- 
tion with a William-vie- Farquhar, and 
Maggie Kar, spouse of Provost William 
Cuthbert of Inverness. 

By 1G09, when the great bond of union 
among the Clan Ghattan was signed, Allister 



LLIVRAY. 

<ix of the Scnttish Hi;ililauils." 

was dead and his son Farquhar a minor, for 
those who signed for the Clau-vic-Gillivray 
were Malcolm- vic-Beau in Dalcrombie, Ewen- 
vic-Ewen in Aberchalder, and Duncan-vic- 
Farquhar in Dunmaglass It would also seem 
that the clan was at this time pretty numerous 
and influential, and the leader Malcolm, son of 
Bean MacGillivray in Dalcrombie. In 1593 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



l:'. 



mention is made of Duncan MacGilli\Tay in 
Dunmaglass. 

IV. — Parijubar. By the year 1620, and 
probably at a jiuich earlier period, Dunmaglass 
had lieeu wadsetted by the family of Calder to 
the ^llacCiillivrays for 1000 merks. In that 
year Calder was much pinched, and Dun- 
maglass was to be raised other 2000 merks, or 
sold for 5000 merks. 

The first alternative was adopted, 2000 
merks being eked in 1622, but the pecuniary 
jjressure still continuing, the estate was feued 
to Dunmaglass. 

It may here be noted, though lying in the 
centre almost of Inverness-shire, these lands 
were by an arbitrary exercise of power by the 
Scottish Parliament, annexed, at Calder's 
instance, to the County of Nairn. 

By feu contract dated at Inverness, 4th 
April, 1626, John Campbell, Fiar of Calder, 
with consent of Sir John Campbell, life renter 
of Calder, his father, feued to Farquhard Mack- 
Allister of Downmaglasch his heirs male and 
assignees whomsoever — "All and singular the 
lauds and towns of Downmaglasch, extending 
to a four pound land of old extent, with the 
mill, multures, mill lands, and sequels of the 
same, together with houses, biggings, tofts, 
crofts, woods, fishings, sheallings, grazings, 
parts, pendicles and pertinents thereof, lying 
within the Barony of Calder and Sherift'dom of 
Nairn." The feu duty is .£16 Scots, with 
obligation when required to appear and 
accompany at his own expense the Lairds of 
Calder in their progress and journey between 
Calder and Innerlochie or Eannoch ; to assemble 
in all lawful conventions, armings, and Royal 
combats ; to attend three head baron courts to 
be held in the Castle of Calder. This destina- 
tion to heirs male was kept up, and under it 
Neil, the 12th laird, succeeded to Dunmaglass. 

Dunmaglass, the earliest possession of the 
family, is a fine estate of some 17,000 acres, 
with a great mass of table-land on the summit, 
from whence the waters run eastward to the 
Findhorn, and westward to the Farigaig. 
The old mansion house was built towards the 
close of the seventeenth century, picturesquely 
situated on a level ground, the western sides 
dropping rapidly to the river, but since the 
sale of the property has been wantonly 
destroyed. 

Farquhar-vic-Allister also acquired the half 
of the lands of Culclachie from the Earl of 
Moray, and was infeft 20th December, 1631. 
He had one sister, Catherine, married to 
"William ilackintosh in Elrig, who is infeft 
therein 28th September, 1638. I have not 
observed to whom Farquhai' was himself 
married, but he had a numerous issue, Alex- 



ander, Donald, William, Bean, Lachlan, and at 
least one daughter, Catherine, first married as 
his second wife to A\'illiam Mackintosh of 
Aberarder, in 1653, and afterwards, in 1663, 
to Martin MacGillivray of Aberchalder. 
Farquhar's eldest son, Alexander, married 
Agnes Mackintosh, second daughter of Wilham 
Mackmtosh of Kellachie. Farquhar settled on 
the young couple by charter, dated Inverness, 
27th June, 1(M3, the two western ploughs of 
Dunmaglass. 

The Forbeses of Culloden did not find Allister 
a good neighbour at Culclachie, for by bond 
registered L'ith June, 1654, Kellachie binds 
himself as cautioner in a law burrows that 
Allister will keep the peace towards Duncan 
Forbes of Culloden, John, fiar thereof, and 
their tenants. 

Allister died young, and his widow married 
in 1657 William Forbes of Skellater. 

Farquhar's second son, Donald, commonly 
called "the Tutor of Dunmaglass,' married 
Marie Mackintosh, and was founder of the 
Dalcrombie and Letterchullin family, and his 
descendant in the fifth degree, Neil, ultimately 
succeeded to Dunmaglass. The .MacGillivrays 
of Dalcrombie long held a good position in 
Inverness- shire, the last owner, Farquhar, 
having been at Culloden, but fortunately 
escaped. All the MacGillivrays wei'e staunch 
Episcopalians, and Bishojj Forbes frequently 
mentions his warm reception and hospitable 
treatment when on his periodical visits. His 
relict, Marie, married in 1677 Alexander 
Mackintosh of Easter Ur(|uhill. 

William, the third son of Farquhar, married 
Mary Macbean and settled in Lairgs, and was 
great grandfather of the l\ev. Lachlan JVIac- 
Gillivray, who was the unsuccessful competitor 
for the Dunmaglass estates, destined to heirs 
male, 40 years ago. In 1()44 there were three 
MacGillivraj'S heritors in Daviot and Dunlichity, 
viz : — Allister-vic-Farquhar, Malcolm-vic-Bean, 
and Duncan MacGillivray, and in the time of 
this Far(juhar the MacGillivrays were perhaps 
at the height of their power, he himself having 
a deal of property, his sons, Donald and 
WilUam, establishing a good footing for them- 
selves, and his kinsman at Easter Aberchalder 
representing the old branch of the house. Not 
much is known of his sons, Bean and Lachlan, 
further than that Bean left a son, John, and a 
reputation not yet forgotten of, being a good 
fighting man, badly wounded and mutilated in 
one of the numerous Clan Chattan expeditions 
to Lochaber. Farquhar generally signed not 
MacGillivray but " Mackallister," of which he 
seemed proud. 

('To be coiUmuedJ. 



14 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 




^^JiighlAnb 




by ^.Orunimond-norie 

Illustrate<l by tfie Author. 



(Cotithitiedfrom pagfi 239). 

^A^ N interesting relic of Bannockburn is the 
(\^M formidable sword now in the possession 
Se^£ of Sir Robert Menzies, which is said 
to have been used on that glorious field by 
the then chief of Clan Menzies. The length of 
blade is fifty inches and its width at the hilt 
nearly two inches, the total length including 
handle is five feet eight inches Only half of 
the quillon remains, the other portion having 
been broken oft' during the fight. The writer 
had an opportunity recently, by the courtesy of 
Mr. D. P. Menzies, F.S A., Scot, of inspecting 
this historic claymore and of making the sketch 
(fig 9) which is here shown. 

Lindsay of Pitscottie writing in 1573 and 
John Lesly, Bishop of Ross, in 1578 both allude 
to the sword used by the Highlanders of their 
time, the latter says '-They used also a two- 
edged sword which, with the foot soldiers was 
pretty long, and short for the horse ; both had 
it broad and with an edge so exceeding sharp 
that at one blow it would easily cut a man in 
two." 

In 1594 O'Clery, an Irishman, describes the 
Highland allies of Red Hugh O'Donnell, Lord 
of Tirconuel, as being armed with "horn hafted 
swor<ls, large and military, over their shoulders 
A man when he had to strike with them had to 
ajjply both his hands to the haft." 

Puring the wars of Montrose we still find 



the Highlanders fighting with their ancient 
ckinllieamli mor and their great leader himself 
is said to have been armed with this weapon. 
There is a fine portrait of Montrose in 
Sobieski Stuart's " Costumes of the Clans " 
(whether authentic or not, the writer is unable 
to say), in which he is represented in Highland 
dress with trews and feather bonnet; and 
holding a magnificent double handed sword in 
embossed leather scabbard. This sword will 
be shown in fig 9a. 

As late as the year 1678 Lieutenant Colonel 
Cleland of the Earl of Angus's regiment, in a 
satirical poem descriptive of the Highland host 
expedition, says his adversaries carried "along 
two handed sword, as good's the country can 
afford." This was in all probability the last 
military gathering of Highlanders at which 
the great ancestral Celtic weapon was univer- 
sally employed, for at the Battle of Killiecrankie, 
in 1G89, a new sword had found its way into 
the Highlands, and in a short time not only 
displaced the daidheamh mbr, but usurped its 
name, and became from that period the weapon 
par excel Ic no: of the Highland race. 

Dr. Anderson says, "The origin of the 
basket-hilted sword in the Highlands is 
unknown and probably did not come into use 
much before the end of the 17th century, 
although used in Italy before that period by 
the sc/daroiii, or guards of the Doges of Venice." 
Substantially, this statement is probably 
correct, for previous to Killiecrankie, the 
writer, after much research, has been unable 
to trace any authentic reference to the basket- 
hilted sword, now commonly known as the 
claymore. There is a portrait of doubtful 
authenticity in the " Costumes of the Clans " 
supposed to be of the "Bonnie" Earl of Moray, 
iempu^ Charles II. (1618-1685), in which the 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY 



15 



Lilt of what is apparently a basket-hilted clay- 
more is seen among the folds of the plaid; and 
it is also true that there are claymores in 
existence with stamped blades of earlier date, 
but it will usually be found on close examina- 
tion, that where such is the case, the old blade, 
]irobably because of its superior quality of 
steel, has been inserted into 
a comparatively modern 
hilt. The writer's own 
opinion is, that when the 
double handed swords 
were discarded, their 
blades were cut down and 
furnished with new basket 
hilts. This would account 




jiJ for the extraordinary 

I ll width of blade often found 

' ' in the claymore, and also 

'I affords a reasonable expla- 

[ nation of the fact that so 

1 •>: many of the 17th and 

I i 18th century claymores 

! 1 1 bear the marks of Andrea 

i M Ferara who is believed to 

^ have lived in the IGth 

century, or even earlier ; 

for a [tradition exists that 

this celebrated sword-smith was induced to 

come to Scotland by James IV. (1488-1513), 

and that having set up a forge in a cave in the 

Highlands he commenced the manufacture of 

his famous blades for the Highland chiefs and 

Lowland noblemen. He is said to have kiUed 



one of his sons who had been bribed to betray 
the secret process by which the splendid 
temper of the steel was produced. 

{To be continued.) 



D. G. MEARNS, 
OF DISBLAIR. 



B.D., 




^^yEV. DUNCAN GEORGE MEARNS, 
CRK/ minister of Oyne, proprietor of Disblair 
"^^^ and South Kinmundy, is one of the 
best known and most highly esteemed men of 
the Garioch, and one in whom are united and 
inherited excellences of a long line of gifted and 
distinguished ancestors. 

The son of the Rev. William Mearns, D.D., 
who was at one time minister of Glenrinnes, 
and afterwards of Kinnefl', the subject of our 
sketch was born in tliis prettily situated 
Kincardineshire parish on January lltli, 1846, 
while the echoes of the Disruption were yet 
ringing through Scotland. He can trace his 
ancestry, if not exactly to the retinue of the 
Conqueror, yet far back into the misty fifteenth 
century to the knightly scions of the house of 
Dyss, who also held important otKce in the 
Church of Scotland in Aberdeen and its 
neighbourhood. His grandfather was the Rev. 
Duncan Mearns, D.D , of Disblair, a son of 
Anne, sister of the well-known and revered 
Rev. Dr. Geoige Morison of El sick and Disblair, 
himself a SOh of a worthy Lord Provost of 



16 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



Aberdeen, and a man who, while minister of 
Banchory-Devenick, near the city, laid tlie 
neighbourhood under a lasting debt of gratitude 
by his erection of the Suspension Bridge over 
the Dee, so familiarly known to Aberdonians 
under the expressive title of " The Shakkin' 
Biiggie." His elder brother, Thomas Morison, 
formerly a surgeon in the army, discovered the 
virtues of the now far-famed Stiathpefler Well, 
and their father was that Provost James 
Morison, who, in 1745, being a staunch 
Hanoverian, sternly refusing to drink the 
"Pretender's" health at the market cross, had 
the "liquor thrust down his breast," hence 
forming the title of "Provost jiositive." 

By this family Duncan George Mearns is 
connected with many families of local note — 
from the doughty Admiral Sir Arthur Farquhar 
on the one side, to the Dingwall Fordyce family 
on the other, and between these comes the 
Laird of Kemnay, who is descended from Agnes, 
a sister of 'Anne, the great-grandmother of the 
present proprietor of Disblair, and also another 
collatoral branch connects him with Miss Rose, 
the proprietrix of Mullaghmore, in the County 
of Monaghan, Ireland. 

But Mr. Mearns is richer still in abundance 
of inherited merit. He is, as already indicated, 
in the direct line of two Lord Provosts of 
Aberdeen, and in these days of great social 
movements the civic element in character is a 
factor which is not to be despised. Then he 
has in his recent ancestral relatives the scholarly 
element, for his grandfather was a Professor of 
Divinity in King's College, Aberdeen, in the 
early years of the century; and in the matter of 
Church connections he is in an unbroken line 
of distinguished ministers of the Church of 
Scotland. Not only so, but his grandfather, the 
Professor, had conferred upon him the high 
dignity of Moderator of the Church iu 1.S21, 
and, as Dr. Walker tells us in his " Disblair," 
he was " a foremost and most trusted leader of 
the so-called moderate party in the Chui'ch." 

As the repository of so much inherited 
excellence, Mr. Mearns has therefore the 
necessary traits towards distinction in many 
walks of life. And these, as everyone in the 
Garioch knows, he cultivates assiduously. He 
followed his forbears in becoming a student of 
Aberdeen University and graduated M.A., and 
afterwards took his B.D. degree in the Divinity 
Hall of the University of Edinburgh. In 1874 
he was ordained to the parish of Oyrie, where 
his ancestor. Dr. Morison, had been minister 
before him, and where he not only " ministers 
iu holy things" but acts the part of a line 
friend and wi.se counsellor to his people. Keenly 
interested in antiquarian affairs, Mr. Mearns is 
Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries, and he 



cultivates, locally, his taste for the more literary 
side of antiquarian study as a member of the 
New Spalding Club in Aberdeen. It is 
interesting to note that he inherited one of the 
two remaining flags of the Covenant carried at 
Bothwell Brig and Drumclog by ancestors of 
the name of Williamson on his mother's side of 
the family. 

Mr. Mearns is furthei-more very largely 
interested in bracing out-door life, as becometh 
a landed proprietor. He is versed in agricultural 
affairs ; and he may be seen almost any day 
seeking the characteristic British enjoyment 
armed with the rod or gun, in the handling of 
which he is known to be an expert. His 
geniality of disposition, kindly sympathies, and 
keen intellect, lead him to be cherished by all 
who know Mr. Mearns, as either a delightful 
comjianion or a welcome guest. In all Highland 
matters Mr. Mearns takes a keen interest, and 
there is no more loyal and honoured member on 
the roll of the Aberdeen Highland As.sociation. 

Mr. Mearns, in 1875, married Mary Margaret 
Agnes Madeline Grant, daughter of Hector 
Grant, Royal Indian Navy, a veiy estimable 
and accomplished lady. They have five of a 
family, the eldest being William Morison, Lieut., 
4th Battalion Highland Liglit Infantry. To 
the regret of many in the Garioch Mr. Mearns 
is about to resign his parish and take up his 
future residence at Disblair, where he will be 
heartily welcomed. 

Ai.pMppn Hugh Macdonald. 



LONG AGO. 



In the meadowland of youth, 

Where the days are sweet and slow. 
There, we dreamed a dream of truth- 
Long ago I 
And the daisies growing there. 
Were not purer than our pray'r. 

Ah, our hearts had not grown old — 
In that dream we used to know — 
And the world was not so cold — 

Long ago ! 
Nothing spoke to us of night 
In that world of love and light. 



In that meadowland of youth. 

Only echoes — weird and low, 
There we left our dream of truth — 

Long ago 1 
And the weary world goes by, 
And we only live — to sigh. 

'i^nZ?.""' JANlJS Ma.thebson. 




REV, DUNCAN GEORGE MEARNS, B.D. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



ONLY A LOUT. 

A True Tale op Sutiierlandsuire Life. 

By ROBINA FlNDLATEK. 



ip^jUE Reay couuiry iu ibe beginuing of this 
V^ centurj' had an atmosphere of life from 
'^)^ without that mingled well with the 
primitive habits of the natives, many of the 
men having jbeen soldiers, and the gentlemen 
retired ^officers, while^the poetic influence of 
their bard, Rob Donn, was still felt among 
them. But over and above all a cultivated anti 
godly ministry drew out the inner and higlier 
life of this mixed population. For they were 
not all pure Celts, some being descended from 
Norsemen who many generations bef(jre had 
come on plundering expeditions. They settled 
and married among the people, some of whom 
still inherit the daring and impetuous instincts 
of their progenitors. Though shut out friini 
the world there was to be met with in all a 
depth of nature, as well as vivacity, that 
amounted to educated feeling. 

Stuart Mill say.s that only among the most 
educated English can be found that education of 
the intellect through the emotions which we find 
even among the poor iu continental nations. 
Especially does this applj^ t(j the northern High- 
lander. The mixing also of all classes in a 
friendly way, especially at weddings and feasts, 
gave a tone of refinement to the community, as 
well as the feeling that many of them had, of 
being descended from past chiefs, the conscious- 
ness of which they had not lost through many 
generations, though in many cases they had 
fallen out of their worldly means and seemed 
little better than cotters to those who knew 
theia not. But these people felt intensely that 
"a man's life cousisteth not in the multitude of 
his possessions," consequently their life was 
vital and interesting. 

It was in one of these northern parishes that 
Major Forest, after his retirement from the 
army, held a farm. " Who is that? " asked the 
said Major of one of his servants, as he shaded 
his eyes with his hands. " Who is she of the 
silver feet? They actually gleam on the shining- 
sands as she runs." The Major was an elderly 
man and a little deaf, or one of his farm-servants 
would not have murmured loud enough for 
others to hear — "They would not be shining 
feet in your eyes, my good sir, if you knew 
where they were going — but black as night." 

Major Forest thus looked across the ferry at 
Tongue, not knowing that his own daughter had 
taken a little boat as far as the sea would float 
her, and leaving it at a certain point had put off 
her shoes and stockings, and with shaw' 



covering her head hurried along the sands, love 
quickening her steps on the one side, and the 
advancing tide on the other. Who her lover 
was will be seen iu the following story. 

" I never had such a good conscientious 
servant as Harry M.acLay," said Mr. Mackay, 
the parish clergyman, to his wife. " He's worth 
his weight in gold, though he looks such a lout." 
"And that he is," replied Mrs. Mackay. She 
was a smart travelled woman, keen and worldly, 
but with an appreciation of excellence that 
ioduced her, a wealthy widow, to cast in her 
lot with this large hearted and enlightened man, 
once an army chaplain, now the settled clergy- 
maa of this sequestered parish. 

" Harry is also a handy man," Mrs. Mackay 
went on to say. " I must send hiui up to the 
shelling to repair the huts after these storms." 
" Look out for squalls then, my dear," and 
directing his gaze across the ferry, where they 
so often occurred, a look came over the good 
man's face that might have made Mrs. Mackay 
question him if she had not been too intent on 
the practical ordering of her affairs to notice it, 
and with key-basket in hand she left her 
husband to his own cogitations. These were to 
this effect ; — 

" Lena Forest is the prettiest and most 
refined girl iu all the country side. There are 
four men in her own sphere who would wed her 
to-morrow, and she is going to throw herself 
away on my ploughman. Such an idea never 
first entered into that great unselfish head and 
heart, so unassuming too as he is. I must not 
talk it over with my wife till I am certain of the 
truth of the report. This affair must have 
begun with Miss Lena herself, one of those 
unaccountable prepossessions that occur in life 
from time to time. I remember the beautiful 
daughter of our Colonel who elojied with a 
private in her father's regiment, but then he 
was of rare good looks. Now this Harry, 
though good and true, is not even gooil looking, 
and carries him.self most awkwardly. The girl 
is daft, poor thing, and has lost her mother. I 
must go at once to her father," and buttoning up 
his coat the very Rev. gentleman was soon 
sitting in the return ferry boat on his way to 
Major Forest's house on this side of the Kyle. 

Meanwhile Lena Forest, clearing the sands on 
the other side, put on her shoes and stockings 
and ascended a slope where, under the shade of a 
great boulder, stood a very tall working man. 
As she advanced liis honest blue eyes brightened, 
though he made no movement to meet her. 
When, however, she stood beside him he threw 
his plaid over her. '-Lena," said he, ''I have 
been thinking this over; I am no match for you. 
You know nothing of poverty and hard work. 
Often as I have looked in church on you and 



18 



THE OELTIO MONTHLY. 



your sisters, in all your refined beauty, I have 
thought of the Angels in Heaveu." " But 
Harry," said the girl, "you are my choice and 
by you I will abide." " I am a selfish brute to 
listeu to you," he answered, " though at any 
moment I would die for you, but there uever 
was anything very attractive about me even to 
girls in my own rank, and if you had not been 
gracious enough to stoop down to my low 
estate I should as soon have thought of the 
moon being mine as of you." "It is for no lack of 
lovers," said Lena, " that I havs chosen, but they 
all directly or indirectly (they or their fathers) have 
helped to desolate the country. I shall uever 
forget when visiting my aunt before I went 
to school how she became insane when her 
husbaud got possession of his part of the glen, 
especially how she would cry out, addressing the 
big churn when she heard it going, 'Churn! 
churn ! ' she would say, ' you big brutal churn, 
you may churn well since many another you 
have silenced;' and now, Harry, that her hu.sband 
has left, lost all, and is a poor man, she is quite 
happy 'clothed and in her right mind.' This 
shows me that to unite with anyone wlio has 
anything to do with the depopulation of the 
Strath would bring a eunse down upon my head. 
I would rather sew or darn, or even carry the 
creel, than share their ill-gotten and selfish gain! " 
"And you can play the piano, embroider, and 
read fine books at a glance, which Harry 
Maclay's wife need by right know nothing of," 
he said depreciatingly. 

" I think there is no one who can do common 
things so well as a lady, and I would black your 
shoes sooner than play the lady in any of their 
big houses," the maid answered with spirit. 

"And that you shall never do while there is 
strength in these arms. But look here, my lore, 
do not tempt me too far, for I am not a stock or 
a stone, nor am I without disinterested feelings 
either — this, thank God, the poorest of us can 
have, our very language instructs us. The 
Lowland Scot may look down on the Highlander, 
but how rude are their ways of thinking in 
comparison, and their manners too how rough. 
Now I have none of the learning of the schools, 
and can only spell out my precious bible, nor 
am I of gentle birth like you, my loved one, but 
I have the blood of saints in m}' veins, men who 
have lived with God and been directly instructed 
from on high Heroes and martyrs they would 
have i)een if called upon Well, their fiist 
lessons to me were that I should be unselfish 
and reuouiice all for the highest, and oh ! my 
beautiful girl, my love of loves, if I say to you, 
' depart to your kind,' what saint or martyr ever 
did anything so difficult ? I once heard one of 
your fine gentlemen call me a 'lout,' but wiio 
could continue to be so with sucli an hououicd 



love within his grasp," and the awkward figure 
rose up in majesty, while tears choked his 
utterance. 

Lena was moved by his eloijuence into 
passionate admiration, but only replied, "I have 
made my choice, I will not forsake you, you are 
worth a ship's load of tho.se smooth tongued 
traitors." 

It is characteristic of the northern Highlanders, 
with their habitual self-control, that they can 
talk in a refined manner upon the most heart- 
burning themes, in their own beautiful and 
pictorial language, without any outward demon- 
stration of feeling; and a young giil, while 
teasing her wool, may give a prondse of marriage 
to her lover without so much as a kiss passing 
between them. But as they talk " the fire 
burns," and they are often led at such times to a 
height of feeling that can only be born of this 
quietly concentrated emotion. Thus it happened 
that full as these two hearts were of passionate 
emotion not a single caress passed between them, 
as they passed up the hillside to one of the 
little bothies belonging to the shelling. As 
they entered the little chamber Harry spread his 
plaid over a large bundle of heather that lay in 
a corner, and placed the young lady there, '' I 
will kindle a fire to keep away the midges, 
while you rest a while. My mistress gave me 
heaps of bread and cheese and we will soon get 
warm milk from the cows, and now we will be 
happy. I wonder why God has showered such 
a wealth of joy on me" — and the young man 
ministered unto the tired maiden. It was nine 
o'clock on that June evening, and the sun was 
still high up In the heavens in those noithern 
regions, when about a dozen young maidens 
with a matron or two were milking their cows, 
and singing as they milked. They were all 
dressed in dark blue home-spun full petticoats, 
with loose white calico bodices gathered at the 
waist by the band of their checked aprons. 
These bodices are doubtless the progenitors of 
the indispensable modern blouse, and a working 
woman looked better in this costume than in any 
modern finery. 

Harry came out of the hut and beckoned to a 
bright looking matron. "Isabel," said he, "you 
are just going to lie down to-night at Miss 
Forest's feet, after you have given her some 
warm milk." 

" You may depend on me, as sure as the sun 
is in the heavens," was the cheerful I'eply. 

No further questions were asked, but a wave 
of thrilling emotion passed over the little 
community ; the very air was electric with it. 
They were all in synqjathy with the runaways, 
but their Highland sense of propriety made them 
silent, though doubtful of the issues. The scene 
was altogether idyllic. There was scarcely 



Tkfe OEIjTIC MONTHLt. 



19 



iialf-an-liour of darkness, and possibly not balf- 
an-hiiiir's sleep among the maidens, eacli one's 
thouglits of lier own lover qnirkeniug into 
waking dreams. 

Harry sat by tlie fire where he evei' and anon 
listened, expecting as he did the approach df 
horsemen. 

(To hi' cnntuninJ.) 



LETTER TO THE EDITOR. 



THE CHIEF OF THE CLAN MACRAE. 
Sir — 1 tliink members of the Clan Macrae must have 
been somewhat surprised to read Captain Macrae's 
letter, which appeared in your May number, and in 
which he practicahy maintains that the clan was only 
a small sept attached to the Clan Mackenzie, too 
unimportant to have a Chief of its own, and that if 
it had a Chief he was apparently to be found in 
Captain Macrae's family. These are such entirely 
new views that they cannot be accepted without 
some siibstantial proof. No such proof is produced, 
and 1 think it would not be dithcult to show good 
grounds for holding that the old and generally 
accepted account is correct. My main difficulty is 
that I can only indicate a few of these grounds, as 
were I to go fully into the ([uestion I shoidd 
require too much of your valuable space. The 
evidence on these matters is of two kinds, written 
and traditional. There is the old MS. hi.story of 
the clan, originally written by the Rev. .John 
M'Ra, minister of Dingwall, who died in ITOt, 
transcribed by Farquhar Macrae of Inverinate, 
my great-grandfather, in ITlSti, and contniued by 
him. Tills lies before me as I write. There are 
also references in various works to the clan. Of 
traditional evidence there is a considerable collection 
in MS. writings of my grandfather and father, both 
of whom were keenly interested in all that atl'ected 
the clan and family. 1 have also had the advantage 
of seeing and speaking with many persons deeply 
versed in Highland lore, and from them heard 
many details, as well as a general contirniation of 
the received opinion. Such authorities are now 
very few, but as I am a good deal older than 
Cajjtain Macrae, and have lived all my life in 
Scotland and much in the Highlands, I think 1 
have some advantages in collecting the facts of the 
clan history. Shortly then, the result is that both 
written and traditional history clearly point to the 
Macraes having been a great and powerful clan 
in old times, holding extensive lands, and of 
distinguished origin. An e.\.tract made by my 
father from " The Macfarlane Collection," in the 
Advocates' Library, states that the Macrae clan 
possessed extensive lands (the names of which are 
given) in East Inverness-shire and in Urquhart, 
besides the well-known country of the Macraes in 
Wester Ross. There is a tradition which I have 
often heard, and which is repeated in the old MS. 
history, that some of the Chiefs are buried in lona, 
an honour which was only awarded to influential 
Iiersons at the time, hence it is scarcely possible 
that the clan could have been the obscure followers 
of Seaforth which Captain Macrae seems to suggest. 
Indeed all the information we have points to tlie 
clan having possessed in ancient times considerable 



power and importance, although when the earliest 
detailed history commences it had begun to be 
overshadowed by the growing greatness of the 
Seaforth family. I need not remind you. 
Sir, that Highland clans did not remain stationary, 
but varied much in power and influence at ditt'erent 
times. I could easily give examples, but I 
will only point out that it is in the highest degree 
improbable that the unanimous belief in the 
country that the clan was distinct and independent, 
having a Chief of its own, should now be found 
incorrect. Amongst the many ])ersons versed in 
Highland tradition to whom I have spoken, I have 
never once heard Captain Macrae's views even 
suggested. All were agreed that the clan had always 
enjoyed a separate existence and a Chief of its 
own, and that that Chief was a Macrae of Inverinate. 
I have writings of my grandfather, who was an 
enthusiastic and well informed Highlander, telling 
of the loyalty and devotion shown by the clan to 
his predecessors and himself as Chiefs. He uses 
the expression frequently. And even in my father's 
time I have seen many such acts by members of 
the clan. I shall never forget the warm reception, 
which, as a boy, I saw accorded to my father by 
the people of Loch Dnich, when he visited the 
home of his fathers in his yacht. Certainly for the 
last century and more the clan never seem to have 
had any doubt a.s to who was their Chief. Indeed 
if it had a Chief at all it could hardly have been 
any other than an Inverinate, as they possessed a 
great part, and probably at one time, the greater 
part, of the lands where the clan lived, around 
Loch Duich. The Macraes of Conchra, a gallant 
race, were descended from a second son of Fanpihar 
Macra of Inverinate, which at once exjilains why 
they did not succeed to the principal estate. Had 
they been the senior branch, as Captain Macrae 
hints, the difliculty is inexplicable. But on this 
point I must not trespass further on your sjiace, as 
perhaps the tirst part of my argument is that in 
which the members of the clan are chiefly interested, 
viz : — to maintain the right of the clan to a separate 
and independent existence. That accepted, I think 
the rest follows. I will only add that there is an 
interesting fund in Aberdeen known as the Macra 
Mortification, founded by a Macra in 1703, leaving 
what in those days was a substantial sum' of money 
to found two bursaries for lads of the name of 
Macra, and in certain circumstances which occurred 
to pay the legal interest of part of the funds to the 
heir male of Alexander Macra of Inverinate. The 
object of this bequest was apparently to secure that 
the male line of that family should always be 
recognised, and that their claims to the Chiefship 
should not be allowed to drop out V sight. This 
interest is paid to my brother, Mr. Colin O. Macrae, 
and it has always been regarded as establishing in 
a quasi- legal way the person who is the Chief of the 
clan, as it certainly decides who is the heir male 
lineally descended from Alexander MacRa of 
Inverinate. Captain Macrae's argument from the 
arrangements at the Battle of Sherifl'inuir does not 
seem to me of much weight. When the clan reached 
the general rendezvous it is most probable that it, 
with others, would be organised in regiments under 
officers experienced in regular warfare, ratlier than 
their own Chief, who often must have had little 
knowledge of the methods of war as carried on in that 



20 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



age, and which had been so perfected by Marlborough 
and others. My grandfather had many stories of 
the battle to tell, and I have seen and spoken to a 
lady who in her turn had seen and spoken to one of 
the Macraes who fought at it. I always understood 
that the clan marched from Kintail under its own 
Chief, a Macra of Inverinate. I have had letters 
from distant parts of the world, as well as near, 
asking me to write in reply to Captain Macrae's 
letter, amongst them a letter from one specially 
well informed as to the clan, which is quite distinct 
and explicit as to tlie Conchra family being 
descended from a second son . 

Cliines, Auaust, 1896. HoRATIO R. MaCRAE. 



REVIEWS. 



VISIONLAND. 

Time takes not all good things away ; 
He ever leaves within our reach 
The sorceries of Visionland, 
Where we may touch " a vanished hand," 
And hear the music of the speech 
That witched us in a bygone day. 
So that it clings to us for aye. 
An old-time song gleams through our sleep, 
And haunts us on the lonely shore — 
A song which moves us to the core 
So that we bend our heads and weep. 
And with beseeching hands implore 
To see the singer's hidden face. 
In the sweet hope we there may trace 
The lineaments we loved of yore, 
kye. Maggie Bogle. 



THE MASSACRE OF GLENCOE. 

From the Gaelic of Allister Macdonakl, 
in " (^'iiinHeacli 'vs CuUI,:" (page (j!t). 



The white snow was piling its wreaths in the glen. 
The chill wind was sweeping the brow of the ben ; 
And as sunset o'ershadowed majestic Glencoe 
The force of the tempest more dreadful did grow. 

In tlieir homes full of gladness suspecting no harm 
The glen-folk made merry in spite of the storm ; 
Tho' the red-coated soldier was there as a guest, 
The wild night was passing with chorus and jest. 

With pledges of friendliness, feasting, and mirth, 
None dreamt of a traitor existing on earth ; 
Each heart was rejoicing like birds when the sheen 
Of the summer sun dances where May buds are 
green. 

But tears ere the dawning from eyelids were shed. 
That had sunk into slumber unclouded by dread. 
Their bravest were butchered and innocent blood 
Was dyeing with crimson the snow-covered sod. 

The father and mother one death-bed did hold. 
The sister and brother lay lifeless and cold, 
The babe and the grandsire were victims of wrath. 
And the glen was resounding with dirges of death. 

Clan Iain were scattered, no mercy for them. 
We blush at the story of wrong and of shame ; 
And as long as the mountains look down on Glencoe, 
We'll remember tliat night of dark carnage and woe. 

Polniont. AlE.XANDER StEWART. 



The Life of Flora MacDonald, by the Rev. 
Alexander MacGregor, M.A. Inverness : A. 
& W. MArKENZiE. — No more reliable or interesting 
account of the life of this famous Highland heroine 
has ever been written than that which has just 
been issued from the press of Messrs. Mackenzie. 
The work is now in its third edition, and has been 
made further attractive by the addition of a life of 
the author, and an appendix giving the descendants 
of the heroine. Many incidents in her life which 
were only referred to, or altogether omitted, in 
former works, are here described in detail ; 
while a tine [process engraving of Flora Macdonald, 
from Allan Ramsay's well-known painting, adds an 
enhanced value to the volume. Messrs. Mackenzie 
have produced the work in first-class style, the 
printing being excellent and the binding tasteful 
and artistic. We have no doubt the edition will 
soon be exhausted. 

The '45, from the raising of Prince Charlie's 
Standard at Glenfinnan to the Battle of 

CULLODEN (with PLAN), BY Ma.JOR GENERAL A. B. 

Tulloch, C.B. Inverness: Melvin Brothers. — 
This is a most interesting contribution to the 
literature of the '45. The gallant author treats of 
the rising from a military point of view, and 
comments upon the able generalship of the High- 
land leaders, who led their men within six marches 
of London in the teeth of two opposing armies, 
each double their strength. We heartily recommend 
the little work to our readers. 

"The Scottish Troubadour Vocal Waltzes, 
ON English and Gaelic Airs," have just been 
arranged and published by Mr. J. Coutts, 80 Great 
Western Road, Glasgow. The melodies are tuneful 
and lively, and are eminently suited for the purpose 
intended. They were rendered at several Highland 
gatherings last year, and were received with 
enthusiasm. The price is only 1/6. 



A wreath made up of Scottish thistles, purple 
and white heather, and laurel, was placed by Mr. 
Theodore Najiier of Edinburgh on the statue of 
Sir William Wallace in Stirling on Saturday, the 
22nd ult., that day being the anniversary of the 
Scottish hero's death. 

We hope the proposal to celebrate Bannockburn 
Day as a National Holiday has not fallen through. 
Surely Scotsmen have better reason to treat 
themselves to a holiday in honour of the indepen- 
dence of their country, than in celebrating a royal 
marriage, or letting ort' fireworks over the visit of a 
dusky prince. 



Me.ssrs. Campbell & Co., the well-known 
Musical Instrument Makers, IIG Trongatb, 
Glasgow, are making extensive preparations for 
the winter season, which they expect will be a 
record one. Their famous melodeons are known in 
every part of the world. As makers of Highland 
bagpipes and requisites they have made an excellent 
reputation, and we now learn that this branch of 
their great business is being extended in view of 
the rapid increase of their trade. They supply 
bagpipes at all prices, all of the best workmanship. 




COLIN G MACRAE 



THE CEI/nC MONTHLY: 

A MAGAZINE FOR HIGHLANDERS. 

Edited by JOHN MAGKAY, Glasgow. 



No. 2. Vol. V.] 



NOVEMBER, 189G. 



[Price Threepence. 



COLIN G. MACRAE, W.S., EDINBURGH. 



|JTS|H.E subject of this sketch, although now 
yjS' resident in Edinburgh, is a devoted 
'^^^ Highlander, and is generally acknow- 
ledged as the Chief of the Clan. His father, 
the late John Anthony Macrae, LL.D., of Well 
bank, Forfarshire, was son of Colin ilacrae of 
Inverinate, whose family owned for more than 
three hundred years that beautiful estate on 
the shores of Loch Duich, in Kintail. 

Mr. Macrae's mother was .Miss .loauna 
Maclean, a lineal descendant on her mother's 
side of the Urquharts of Cromarty, and her 
father's marble monument forms a conspicuous 
object in the Churchyard of Alness, Ross shire. 

Mr. Macrae was educated at the Edinburgh 
Academy, taking high prizes there, and at the 
University of Edinburgh, where he graduated 
with honours. When at College he was for 
two years President of its Conservative Club, 
and took a prominent part in the liectorial 
elections of that University. In 1871 .Mr. 
Macrae passed as a AV.S., and has since been 
actively engaged in business, possessing the 
eoutidence of a large and influential number of 
clients. He took a leading part in the initiation 
of the West Highland l»aihvay for which he 
acted as Solicitor, a railway whit;h has already 
proved of much value to the ^Vest Highlands, 
and has also promoted in Parliament the 
extension of bi-anches of that line, first to 
Mallaig and more recently to Ballachulish. He 
is J ustice i if the Peace for the County of Forfar, 
where he owns the estate of Wellbank, and also 
for the County of the City of Ivlinburgli. 

Mr. Macrae is a]i attached member and 
elder of the Church of Scotland, and from his 
earliest days took the greatest interest in 
helping forward every good object in connection 
with it. For many years he conducted a large 
Bible class of young men in St. Stephen's 



Parish, Edinburgh, usuiiUy numbering over a 
hundred, and including a considerable number 
of young men from the Highlands, several of 
whom* are now in the ministry. His interest in 
his boys did not cease when they left his class, 
but continues to follow them in their after 
life. For ten years he acted as Secretary to 
the Highland Committee of the General 
Assembly under Principal TuUoch, and was 
largely instrumental in placing the work of this 
committee on its present satisfactory footing. 
That comunttee is well-known throughout the 
Highlands for its admirable work in promoting 
the highest interest of the people, and many 
churches and manses long in a discreditable 
state owe their rejiair and restoration to its 
efforts. Since 1S77 .Mr. Macrae has almost 
continually sat in the General Assembly, having 
represented the Presbytery of Islay for twelve 
years. 

In the education of his fellow countrymen 
Mr. JIacrae has always taken a very special 
interest, having been a member of a School 
Board in nearly every year since the passing of 
the Education Act. In 1885 he was elected a 
member of the School Board of Edinburgh, 
and in every election since has retained his 
seat by large majorities. t)u the death of the 
late Professor Duff' in 1885 .Mr. Macrae was 
appointed chairman of the Board, and has held 
that impoitaut oftice ever since. 

Mr. Macrae married Flora MaitJand 
Colquhoun, daughter of the accomplished 
author of "The Moor and the Loch," second 
son of Sir James Colquhoun of Cohiuhoun and 
Luss, and by his marriage has a son, .John 
Anthony Macrae, and one daughter. 

F. Maky Colquhoun. 



Gaelic Sociutv of London. — Tlie Eiglilh Annual 
Scottish Concert liikcs jilncc in tlii> (,lnecn's H.iU, 
I'oi-tlancl macf. \V., -u 'JiUli < »rl.>lHT. A most 



uL-r 



attractive piMi^iaiiinir li 
trust that GUI' many re: 
attend. The proceeds 
prizes for the teaching 
schools — a most worthy oliject. 



been arranged, and we 

in I lie Metropolis will 

devoted to jn-oviding 

of Gaelic in the Highland 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 




MINOR SEPTS OF CLAN CHATTAN. 



By Chakles Fraser-Mackintosh, F.S.I., Scot. 



The MacGillivrays. — Continued. 
cT=\lA.RQUHAR appears also to have got in the 
Vlpl/ year 1G54 assignation of a heritable tack 
'^' J of the two plough lands of Wester Lairgs 
and Easter Gask, in Strathnairn, by James, Earl 
of Moray, to Hector Mackintosh in 1632, with 
the usual obligation iroui the Earl to grant a feu 
charter when he coukl; but in consequence of the 
quarrels and ill feeling betwixt the Morays and 
the Cawdors the over superiors holding of the 
Crown, it was not until after the Battle of 
Culloden and the passing of the Jurisdictions 
Acts that the Moray Strathnairn heritable 
tacksmen got their holdings converted into 
feu, without Lord Moray incurring the danger 
of recognition. 

Farquhar and his two sons, Dalcrorabie and 
Lairgs, sign the Clan Chattan Bond of 1064, 
which, as an important historic document, is 
now given. It is signed by twenty eight gentle- 
men, Heads of Families, including nine Mac- 
phersons. five Mackintoshes, four Farquhars<3ns, 
three MacGilhvrays. two MacBeans, two Shaws, 
one Macqueen, and two others by initials. 

" Wee under subscryt, Gentlemen of the name 
of Clan Chattan, in obedience to His Majesty's 
authority, and Letters of concurrence granted by 
the Lords of His Majesty's Privie Coimcil in favour 
of Lauchlan Mackintoshie of Torcastle, our Chieffe, 
against Evan Cameron of Lochyield, and certain 
others of the name of Clan Cameron, and for the 
love and favour we beare to the said Lauchlan, do 
hereby faithfully promitt and engage ourselves 
everie one of us for himself, and those under his 
power, in case the prementional Evan Cameron and 
those of his kin, now rebells, do not afjree with the 
said Lauchlan anent their present ditl'ers and con- 
troveries before the third day of February next 
ensuing, that then and in that case, wo shall 
immediately thereafter upon the said Lauchlan 
his call, rise with, fortify, concurr and assist the 
said Lauchlan in the prosecution of the commission 
granted against the .said Evan to the uttermost of 
our power, with all those of our respective friends, 
followers, and defenders, whom we may stopp or 
lett, or who will anyway be counselled and advised 



by us to that effect. Now thereto we faithfully 
enwace ourselves upon our reputation and credite 
and the faith and truth in our bodies by these 
subscribed at Kincairne the nineteent day of 
November and year of God, Sixteen Hundred, 
Sextie and Four Years." 

Farquhar died about 1678. His eldest son, 
AUister, died young, and by law the active 
management of affairs fell to the uncle, Donald 
(though the grandfather was alive), so well 
known as the Tutor, a man of considerable 
talent and business capacity. The date of 
Alexander's death is uncertain, but before 1658, 
and besides his son and successor, he had, at 
least, one daughter, Margaret, who married, m 
1670, William Eraser, apparent of Meikle 
Garth. 

VI. Farquhar, only son of Alhster, is first 

noticed in March, 1058, when he gets a precept 
on the half of Culclachie from Alexander, Earl 
of Moray, as heir to his father, Alexander, 
sometime tiar of Dunmaglass. On his marriage 
in 1681 with Emilia Stewart of Newtoune, he 
settles a jointure on her, furth of Wester 
Lairgs, Easter Gask, and Easter Culclachie. 
By this lady, who seems to have been shrewd 
and sensible (her letters to Inverness merchants 
sometimes from Dunmaglass, sometimes from 
Gask, always stipulate 'a good penny worth"). 
Dunmaglass had a numerous family. Farquhar, 
who succeeded. Captain William, Donald, -i anet, 
Magdalene, and Anna, all married. This 
Dunmaglass sold the half of Culclachie, and 
died early in 1711, his widow surviving until 
about 1730. 

In 1685 Farquhar is named a Commissioner 
of Supply by Act of Parliament, and the district 
continued so disturbed after the Revolution, 
that in 1691 Sir Hugh Campbell of Cawdor 
recommended a huudred soldiers to be stationed 
for a time at Dunmaglass as ane convenient 
centre It was in time of this Farquhar, styled 
"Fiadhaich," as he was of haughty and tur- 
bulent disposition, that the question of marches 
at Lairgs with The Mackintosh arose, when a 
witness who swore falsely for Dunmaglass, and 
convicted of perjury on the spot, was buried 
alive, the place of burial being still pointed out. 
Captain William, the second son, married 
Janet Mackintosh, daughter of Angus Mac- 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



23 



kill tosh of Kellachie, contract dated 9tli 
Februarv, ITl-t, and had a sou, Lachlan of 
Georgia, commonly called Lachlan " liath,' 
afterwards noticed, also a daughter, Jean "Roy," 
whose descendants succeeded to Faillie, 
Inverernie, and Wester Gask. David, or 
L'onald, married Miss MacGillivray of !\Ii<l 
Leys, and was father of Alexander MacGillivray 
of Ballantruau, whose male issue are extinct. 
Of FaiNjuhar's three daughters, Janet became 
Mrs. Donald ^lacGillivray of Dalcroinbie, killed 
near Leys the afternoon of the 16th April, 
17-1(>. Magdalen, afterwards Mrs. Mackintosh 
of Holm, and Anne, ]Mrs. Fraser of Farraliue. 



Of this Captain William Baau, who died in 
1734, the following anecdote is recorded by 
the late Mr. Simon F. Mackintosh of Farr, in 
the year 1835, in his valuable collections. 

A F.\iRV T.\LE — The Captain Baan. 

"About the beginning of the 18th century 
the wife of one of the tenants in Druim-a- 
ghadha, upon the estate of Dunmaglass, had 
been carried away by the fairies, and was said 
to have been taken by them into a small hillock 
in that neighbourhood, called "Tomuashangan," 
or the Ants' Hill, and had been absent from 
her family for nearly a year. No person 




sll AKI'lCMCIi Tlli:i): SUiiKll: 



however, could tell exactly where she was, 
although their suspicions fell uj^ou the fairies, 
and that she must be with them in the hill now 
mentioned. Several attempts were made to 
discover her, and none were bold enough to 
encounter the residence of the fairies. At last 
Captain William MacGillivray, alias the Caiitain 
Baan (ij'. "White"), son of Farquhar Mac 
Gillivray of Dunmaglass, who was resident at 
the spot, at length vohmteered his services to 
endeavour to get the woman released from her 
long capti\ity in the " Fairy Hill,'' if it was 
p(jssible that she could be there. The Captain 



being informed that John Dubh (^M'Chuile) 
M'Queen of Pollochaik was familiar and on 
good terms with the fairies, ami that he had 
wax candles in which there was a particular 
virtue, he despatched a messenger to the far- 
famed Pollochaik for one of his candles, in 
order to assist him in discovering the lost 
female. The candle was given by Pollochaik 
to the messenger, who got particular instruc- 
tions never to look behind him until he reached 
home, otherwise something might happen to 
him, and he would lose the caudle. This 
person heard so much noise like that of horses 



24 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



and carriages, accompanied with music and 
loud cries of 'catch him, catch him' at Craigan- 
nain, near Moyhall, that he was so frightened 
that he could not help looking behind him, and 
although he saw nothing he lost his candle, 
then he made the best of his way home. A 
second courier was despatched, who received 
another candle and the same injunctions In 
coming through the same place as the former 
he withstood all the noise he heard there, but 
at a place near Farr, it was ten times worse. 
and not being able to withstand taking a peep 
over his shoulder, he lost the object of his 
message. In this predicament, it became 
necessary to send a third bearer to Pollochaik 
for another candle, which he also got, but on 
coming to the river Findhorn it was so large 
that he could not cross, so that he was obliged to 
go back to the laird of Pollochaik for his advice, 
who, upon coming down to the bank of the 
river, desired the man to throw a stone upon 
the opposite side of the river, and no sooner 
was this done than much to his astonishment 
he found himself also there. He then proceeded 
upon his journey, and having taken a different 
route across the hills, even here he occasionally 
heard considerable noise, but he had courage 
never to look behind him, and accordingly he 
put the virtued candle into the hands of the 
Captain Baan. 

The Captain being now possessed of Polio- 
chalk's wax candle, he one evening approached 
the hillock, and having discovered where the 
entry was, he entered the passage to the fairy 
habitation, and passing a press in the entrance. 
it is said that the caudle immediately lighted 
of its own accord, and he discovered that the 
good lady, the object of his mission, was busily 
engaged in a reel, and the whole party singing 
and dancing, and dressed in neat green jackets, 
bedgowns, etc The Captain took her out of 
the reel, and upon obtaining the open air he 
told her how unhappy her husband and friends 
were at the length of time she had been absent 
from them, but the woman had been so 
enchanted and enraptured with the society she 
had been in that she seemed to think she had 
been only absent one night, instead of a year, 
from her own house. When the Captain 
brought her off with him the fairies were so 
enraged that they said ' they would keep him 
in view.' The woman was brought to her 
disconsolate husband, and the candle was 
faithfully preserved in the family for successive 
generations in order to keep off all fairies, 
witches, brownies, and water kelpies in all time 
to come. 

Some time afterwards as the Cajitain was 
riding home at night by the west end of Loch 
Duntelchaig he was attacked and severeh' 



beaten by some people he could not recognise. 
He got home to his own house, but never 
recovered, and it is said that the mare he rode 
was worse to him than even those that attacked 
him, so he ordered her to be shot the following 
day. He was grand-uncle to the present John 
Lachlan MacGillivray of Dunmaglass. 

The thii'd and successful bearer of the candle 
was Archibald MacGillivray in aUas 

" Gillespick Luath, " i.e. swift or fast Archibald. 
He was grand uncle to Archibald MacGillivray, 
now tenant in Dunmaglass. Pollochaik said to 
him that he would have preferred the Captain 
to have sent fur his fold of cattle, than for the 
candle. 

The candle was in possession of some of her 
descendants about thirty years ago, but was 
afterwards taken away by some idle boys. 

The woman lived to such an old age that 
some of the people still in life remember quite 
well having seen her shearing the corn upon 
her knees, in consequence of her having lost the 
use of her lower limbs. 

VII.— Farquhar, eldest son of the above 
Farquhar, succeeded in 171-i, and entered into 
marriage articles with Elizabeth Mackintosh, 
daughter of William Mackintosh of Aberarder, 
upon 8th September, 1716, but the contract is 
not dated till 8th May, 1717, the lady not being 
infeft in Dunmaglass, Lairgs, and Gask, until 
29th July, 1730, after her mother-in-law's death. 
The MacGlillivrays took an active part in the 
rising of 1715 'The laird and his brother, 
William, being Captain and Lieutenant respec- 
tively in the Clan Chattan regiment, while 
there was another Farquhar MacGillivray, also 
Lieutenant The two former, at least, got off, 
but one John MacGillivray, apparently of good 
standing, was tried and convicted on 25th 
January, and executed at W^igan, 1 0th February, 
1710. This Farquhar was a leading man 
under Lachlan and William Mackintosh, Chiefs 
of Clan Chattan, and did much to bring about 
the agreement with the Macphersons in the 
year 1724. He received from Lachlan Mac- 
kintosh a feu of the Davoch of Bochruben in 
Dores, which he parted with to Fraser of 
Bochruben, the dominium iiti/e ultimately falHng 
into the hands of William Fraser of Balnain, 
whose posterity still retain it. He was an 
excellent man of business, but interfering too 
much with other people's affairs, his own became 
involved. He died in 1740, but his wife, 
Elizabeth Mackintosh, is found as late as 1769. 
He had several children — Alexander, who 
succeeded; William, who succeeded his brother; 
John, Farquhar, and Donald, also Anne, 
Catherine, and Elizabeth. With the exception 
of William none left issue. 

(7'o bi' fiiii/ittued.) 




JEAN MACFARLAN SCOTT. 



THE OELTIO MONTHLY. 



25 




MISS JEAN MACFARLAN SCOTT. 



j^5^N the oldeu time the 
i^ Scotts of the English 
=^ border were a rlaii 
whose deeds had iiiurh in 
common with those of the 
MiicFarlanes on the Low- 
laud Scottish border. The 
Scotts made forays upon 
the English, while the 
MacFarlanes had their 
"creachs" in the Low- 
lands of Scotland. 

With the best blood of 
two t'laus rnnuing- in her 
veins Miss .lean MacFar- 
laii Scott of Sunderland, and Farmfield, Ayr- 
.shire, deserves honourable notice. Claiming, as 
she does, to be descended from "Chief William," 
the last of the MacFarlanes who held the 
ancestral estates of Arrochar, Miss MacFailau 
Scott is 110 counterfeit or imitation clanswoman. 
One cannot meet her and remain in suspense or 
uncertainty as to her being a true clanswoman 
jealous for the honour of S'lol vam Parknuwli. 
This lad^' of the clan is not a voice merely, fcir 
the lively force of her mind, united with goi«l 
sound sense ami business capacity (of which 
more anon), impel her to action. Take an 
illustration ! The inscription slab in Greyfriais, 
Edinburgh, to the memory of Miss MacFarlane 
of that ilk, fell out of its place and was lying 
unheeded for years, when a private soldier 
named MacFarlan tried to fix it up again, but 
failed. The subject of our notice on learning of 
the circumstance, had the work done at her own 
cost and under her own eye. In her .search for 
folklore of her clan Miss MacFarlan Scott has 
been untiring. She has spent days in the 
Register Hou.se, Edinburgh, in Glasgow, and in 
Luss, Arrochar, Dumbarton, and numerous other 
places, in pursuit of her favourite hobby, and 
has been in correspondence with MacFarlanes 
the world over, inclusive of her friend, Mrs. 
MacFarlane Little, of Stateu Island, historian of 
the clan, W. W. MacFailand of New York (ime 
of the leaders of the American Bar, to whom 
Mrs. Little has assigned the chiefship), and 
Colonel MacFarlan of Ballencleroch, on whom 
Mr. John Cameron, in his " Parjsh of Campsie," 
devolves the chiefship, and whose ancestor, as 
given by Mrs. Little, was George MacFarlan of 
Merkiuch, younger son of Andrew, laird of 
MacFarlan in the reign of King James V. 
Miss MacFarlan Scott has also entertained and 
interviewed several of the Dublin MacFarlanes, 
described by Dr. Maclauchlan as principal cadets 
fif the clan. She is given to hospitality, and is 



just now trying to gather into an association 
the clan people of Sunderland district. 

But no notice of Miss MacFarlan Scott would 
be complete without making pointed reference to 
the marked business ability which she possesses, 
and which she has turned to good account. 
When her father, who carried on business in 
Sunderland, died about twelve years ago, she was 
thrown upon her own resources, and she has 
lived to negative two erroneous but common 
impressions, (1) that a woman cannot have 
business aptitude of a high order, and (2) that the 
Celtic craving- for folklore, pedigree and the like 
is inconsistent with success in the matter of 
fact battle of life. The high class character of 
the firm of Scott & Co , Lome House, Sunderland, 
is well kn(jwn. It is not so widely known that 
its fame and success have been secui-ed by the 
ability and untiring energy of this gifted lady. 
In the conduct of the business of " Lome 
House," its owner has been accustomed to make 
almost monthly journeys to Loudon and other 
haunts of fashion, as well as to visit psriodically 
the more impoit.ant manufacturing centres. 
Miss MacFarlan Scott, as it were, steals away 
from the active business of her warehouse and 
the duties of her counting hou^e for a day or two 
now and again to rest mind and body, which she 
sometimes does by journeying to Lochsloy, or by 
climbing the neighbouring hills (for a sprig of 
cloudberry) with such agility that she has been 
described as one of the most accomplished of lady 
mountaineers. May prosperity continue to attend 
her 1 

lliunkut.in. IvOBI;1:T MACl\ir>L.\N. 

Lewis anh Harkis .Vssociation. — Sir Lewis 
Maolver, M.P., is to preside at the Annual 
Gathering in the Waterloo Rooms on 13th 
November. 

The MacDonald Society hold their Annual 
Gathering in the Queen's Rooms on 25th November, 
Mr. J R. M Macdonald, of Largie, in the chair. 

Thk Glasgow Ross and Cuomaiity Association 
had their opening meeting on 8th Gotober, and the 
Annual Reports showed the Association was in a 
flourishing condition. The membership is 127, and 
the funds £160 Mr John Mackenzie, Secretary, to 
whose exertions the present success of the Association 
is mainly due, was presented with a purse of sover- 
eigns on the occasion of his marriage. 

The Hawke's Bay (New Zealand) Highland 
Society' is making splendid progress. The at 
tendance at the recent monthly meeting proved too 
large for the size of the hall. After the usual routine 
business was transacted, the evening was devoted to 
singing, dancing, etc. Mr W. Fraser, late Secretary, 
was presented with a handsome gold albert and pend- 
ant, in token of his valuable services to the society, 
which he suitably acknowledged. Mr i. Murray 
Graham, the energetic Secretary, deserves to be con- 
gratulated on the success of the Society. 



2r. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



FLORA MACDONALD. 

An AifNn"ERS.ARy Skelth of ■iiik .Tai'oi;ite 
Heroine. 

By J. Hajiilton Mitchele. 




^Uyn<^ ^c^an^::^ 



" Carry the lad that's liorii tu be king, 
Over the sea to Skye." 



Mi- J val 



T^jEW great causes have ever had attached to 
them men and women of so remarkable 
iilour and fidelity as the cause of the 
exiled Eoyal House of Stuart. The steadfast 
devotion of the Jacobites in peril and privation, 
as in glory and prosperity, forms one of the 
most brilliant chapters in the annals of our 
country. It most surely commands our 
admiration though possibly it may not gain 
our symjiathy. There is admittedly something 
noble and exalted in the character of a people 
who willingly risked proscription, exile, and 
even the scaffold for what they believed to be 
the cause of right. Many individual instances 
of this self-denying heroism could be singled 
out as worthy of special notice, and would form 
material for an interesting article; but perhaps 
in no single case does it reveal itself in a better 
or more advantageous light than in the life of 
the gentle heroine of the " i"orty-Five." 



BlIiTH ANI> PaRENIAUE. 

For a conturj- and a half now the name of 
Flora .Alacdonald has been a loved and familiar 
one to the Scottish people. This illustrious 
lady was the daughter of Konald .Macdonald, 
yr. of Jlilton, in South Uist, a cadet of the 
family of Clauranald. She was born in 1722, 
her mother being Marion, daughter of the Rev. 
Angus Macdonald, for some tnue minister of 
the parish of Gigha, but afterwards translated 
to the pastorate of South Uist. This clergyman 
was noted in the county for his extraordinary 
muscular strength, and was popularly styled 
"the strong minister." His wife, a talented 
and accomplished lady, was one of the Mac- 
donalds of Largie, in Kintyre. It will thus be 
seen that our heroine was no mere "peasant 
girl," as some writer has ludicrously described 
her, but was in fact closely connected with two 
of the best families of her name. 

When Flora \vas but two years old her father 
died ; and in 1728 her mother again married, 
her second husband being Hugh IMacdonald, 
of Armidale, Skye. On Mrs. Macdonald's 
removal to her new home across the IM inch the 
little girl was left in charge of her brother, 
Angus, at ]\liltou. Even at that early age she 
exhibited some of those remarkable traits of 
character which in after years so distinguished 
her. She reluctantly parted with her mother, 
but was lirm in her determination not to leave 
the island of her birth. To her, Skj'e as yet 
was unknown, and possessed no attractions. 
She therefore remained in her own sequestred 
little home, where she grew up an interesting 
and contemplative child. She especially loved 
to play by the sea shore, and was often known 
to wander along the beach wrajit in thought 
and gazing out intently at the mighty stretch 
of the Atlantic which lay before her. At 
night she woidd lie a\vake for hours listening 
delightedly to the howling of the wind and the 
noise of the waves as they dashed themselves 
on the shore beneath. — 

"... night and day, thy ceaseless song to me 
Makes melody, and music wild and free ; 
And I rejoice to drink thy breath, for ye 
Do bring the sound and savour of the sea." 

It is not perhaps wonderful that Flora 
JNlacdonald in this way grew up unusually quiet 
and meditative. 

Her Surroundings 
were such as to rouse feelings of admiration in 
the minds of all who were in any way sensible 
of the beauties and wonders of creation. On 
the west the Atlantic tumbled in its angry 
waves as if threatening destruction far and 
near : in the dim horizon St. Kilda reared its 



THR CELTIC MONTHLY 



hoail above the roaring Iklo like suiuc gbastly 
spectre battling with the elements : in the east 
again lay the broad and desolate expanse of 
the Minch: while farther distant still, and with 
their summits lost in the mists, could be 
descried the wild and rugged outlines of the 
Cuchullins, Such a sight of nature in all its 
pristine grandeur and varied manifestations 
was well calculated to impress the most dis- 
passionate mind, far less Flora Macdonald 
whose nature was thoroughly Celtic — ardent, 
artistic, and imj^ressional — and whose heart 
beat in harmony with all her surroundings : — 

" Oh happy country, myriad voiced and dear, 
I have no heart, no eyes except for you ; 

Yours are the only voices I will hear. 
Yours is the only bidding I will do : 

You bid me be at peace, and let alone 

That loud, rough world where peace is never 
known." 

Like other children the future heroine occasion- 
ally indulged in the games of childhood, though 
indeed fun and frolic were never much to her 
taste. Brought up without brothers or sisters 
and accustomed to mix only in the conversation 
and society of her seniors she cared but little 
for the company of those of her own age. Her 
sound common sense and simple goodness 
always brought her many friends. With Lady 
Clanranald in particular she was a special 
favourite, and frequently visited her at her 
home in Nuuton,* Benbecula. Mixing also 
among the crofter folk of the neighbourhood 
and the bards and seannachies of the Isles she 
acquired a sound knowledge of their folklore. 
She could, we are told, even at this early period 
of her life recite Ossian with fluency and feeling, 
and sing the old Celtic songs with great spirit 
and pathos as the occasion required. 

The Heroine at Schcol. 

For the first few years of her life Flora 
obtained the ordinary schooling common to the 
daughter of a Highland gentleman of the 
period ; but at the age of thirteen she was 
taken into the family of Lady Clanranald and 
placed under the tuition of a governess By 
this means her accomplishments were greatly 
increased and her general education con- 
siderably improved. She proved a smart and 
industrious pupil and made uncommon progress 
in all branches of her training. Her aptitude 
for the acquisition of musical instruction was 
very marked, and on the sjiinet she was an 
astounding performer, executing reels and 
dances with all the spirit and variations of the 
pipes. 

While on a visit to Skye on one occasion 
Flora had the good fortune to attract the 



attentii>u of Lady iMargaret Macdonald, wife of 
Sir Alexander of the Isles. This lady, a 
daughter of the house of Eglinton, was at the 
time I'esident at Monkstadt, and at once took a 
kindly interest in her young acquaintance. 
The result was that a close and lasting: friend- 
ship sprang up between the two. and in 1739 
-Miss iMacdonald, then in her seventeenth year, 
came as a guest to Monkstadt, where she 
remained for the following eight months. It 
was during her stay there that she became 
acqu tinted with the Kingsburgh family, into 
wLich she afterwards married. 

In Edinjjukgh. . 

After occasional visits to her friends in Uist 
Miss Macdonald, at the express wish of Lady 
Margaret, went to Edinburgh to complete her 
education. There she was placed under the 
charge of a Miss Henderson who kept a 
seminary for young ladies in the High Street, 
then the centre of fashion and splendour. She 
remained in the capital for the next three 
years, residing during the winter months in 
the town house of her friend and i^rotectress, 
Lady Macdonald, where she had ample 
opportunity for mingling with the best society 
of the day. She twice visited the Countess of 
Eglinton in her Ayrshire home, and became 
acquainted with many others of noble rank. 
Her conduct during these years was indeed 
such as to win for her the esteem and admiration 
of all who enjoyed her friendship. The same 
calm and submissive temperament of mind, 
the same gentle deportment of figure were ever 
manifest, and whatever came the way, be it 
joy or sorrow her mind remained unruffled 
and unchanged. On all occasions she was a 
cheerful and entertaining companion. 

It was while she was thus charming the best 
of Edinburgh society by her amiable presence 
and winning manners that Flora Macdonald 
was suddenly called back to the north. 
Rumours now became jjrevalent of another 
effort being made to restore the exiled Stuarts, 
and Sir Alexander Macdonald was thereby 
induced to return to his family seat in Skje in 
order, if possible, to suppress the rebellion at 
its outset. Miss Macdonald accompanied the 
family home, and after a brief stay at Monk- 
stadt proceeded to her brother's farm in Uist. 
It was now the month of June in the memorable 
year of 1745. 

* With one exception all the biographers of Flora 
Macdonald have located the Clanranalds in 
Ormiclade at this period. The family removed 
to Nunton after the Fifteen, when Allan, the 
chief, was slain at Sheritfmuir, and Ormiclade 
house burnt down. 

(Tu be continued). 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



LINES TO LOCH NESS. 




Mirror of grey rock and heather, 
Sombre pine, and silver rill ; 

Deeply set ainid the mountains, 
In my heart set deeper still. 

New to me were earth and ocean, 
Emerald held and azure sky. 

When I first beheld thy waters 
With a child's delighted eye. 

When the shining wave-washed pebli' 
Scattered o'er thy silver sands, 

Were to me of eqiial value 
To the gems of other lands. 

O the joys when thou didst later 
Unto me thy charms unfold, 

Radiant beauty, youth eternal, 
ISIid the mountains stern and old. 

When I saw thy tranquil waters 
Sparkling like a Held of gems. 

And the lights and shadows gliding 
(1'er the wild surrounding bens, 

And I listened to the songsters 
Of the woods upon thy side. 

Blend their tuneful morning carols 
With the music of thy tide. 

Till my inmost being echoed 
Every note of the sweet tune, 

\nd I felt the feathered songsters. 
Thou fair bike, and 1 were one. 



When I saw the .shadows gather 
On Mealfourvonie's grey crest, 

And the setting sun bis glory 
Shed upon tliy jewcl'd breast. 

Till thy far extending waters 
Seemed a shining crystal way. 

From the land of cloud and shadow 
To the realms of Endless Day. 

Since, on other shores I've wandered 
Till my locks are turning grey. 

And the loved ones of my childhood 
One by one have passed away. 

But I often look in fancy 

On thy sky-retlecting tide. 
And the fragrant pines and birches 

Waving gently on thy side. 

And in dreams J gather pebbles 
On thy wave-washed silver strand. 

And the guardian of my childhood 
Again takes me by the hand. 

And we wander, and we wander. 
Hand in hand along thy shores. 

Till we part where sleep my fathers 
In the old churchyard of Dores. 

iel I Herts. AniIUS M.\CKINT0.SH. 



A HIGHLAND FUNERAL. 



Solemnly, solemnly, solennily. 
With measured steps and slow. 

The clansmen tread their native heath. 
Hearts mourning as they go. 

Solemnly, solennily, solemnly. 
The pibroch's wailing strain 

Falls i)lainti\-e on each mountain rock, 
And echoes back again. 

Solemnly, solemnly, solemnly, 
They wind o'er plain and liill. 

Bound for the little sleeping place. 
Where death must have his fill. 

Solemnly, solemnly, solemnly, 

Along they bear his prey. 
Each footstep weighted as with lead. 

On that sad, joyless day. 

Solemnly, solennily, solemnly. 

The plaided clansmen go, 
The bird for them refrains his scream. 

O'er silent Bealnani-bo. 

No vain lament the bearers made, 
Around the mountain grave. 

They trusted in the Saviour's grace. 
Who came men's souls to save. 

Only the bagpipe's sounding swell. 
Bore our last parting strain, 

Bidding for them our fond adieu. 
Then homeward trod again. 



T. H. M, 



I'HE CELTIC MONTHLY 



29- 



OUR MUSICAL PAGE. 



,^1?.N readingf over the music section of 



^J Donald Campbell's " Treatise of the 
— * Language, Poetry, and Music of the 
Highland Clans," it struck me that the air 
given to " Failte na mor-thir " was familiar to 
my ear. On consideration it occurred to me 
that I had noticed it previously in ''The 
Thistle." On referring to that book, I find 
that the melody given under the name " A' 
bhanarach a' dannsadh," is practically the 
same. Donald Campbell is not an authority 



on whom to place much reliance. But in this 
instance the fitness of the music to the words is 
corroboration of his being right in associating 
the melody with the song. The song is in 
the style of a labour song, and is the couijJosition 
of Alexander MacDonald, best known to High- 
landers as .\Jac Mhaifilistir Ala.iil.air. The. 
following is the set of the tune given in " The 
Thistle." There are only fifty-seven stanzas in 
the song ! A selection from these is subjoined. 
Malcclji Mac Fahlane. 



FAILTE NA MOR-THIR. 

Key F. Light and. Gracejiil. 

I n : .r : r I r : — : n I 1 : -.t : 1 I 1 : -.s : n | n : -.r : r | r : — : n 
CiiORUS — Heitirinn airinn i - u - rinn ohoru, Heitirinn airiiin 



D.C. 

I s :-: - 



: ff) j n : — : n I s : — : f 
^'KRSK — F;\ilt' ort flu'in, a 



n: — :ri|s: — :s| 1 : - s : f i n : — : r I d : — : — 1 n 
Mlii'ir-thir l)hiiidheach, Anns an iig - nihios Bhealltaiim. 



Grian-thir bhuidlieach 's uaine ciita, 
'S froidhneadh rus ri 'h-alltaibh. 



'S cubhraidh suibhean, 's badacli luibhcan, 
Ria a' bhruthainn ainnteas. 



Le biadh 's le dibh ag cur thairis — 
Cha te'id earrach teann oirr'. 

'Sfainneach, luracli, slios a tulaicb, 
'S duilleach 'm mullach chrann innt'. 

Uisge fallain nan clach geala, 
Ruitli romh 'baile-geamhraidh. 

'S bainneach, bailceacli, braonach, glacach, 
Bruachan tacrach Ailleart. 

'S aluinn a beinnean 's a sraithean, 
'S eibhinn dath a gleannta. 



Luisain chiibhraidh mach a' briichdadh, 
'S cuid diubh cul-ghorm, baindearg. 

'S miosrach, cuachacb, leabach, luachrucb, 
Dol gu bnailidh 's t-samhradh. 

'S omhnach, uaclidrach, blathacli, ciiiiacacli 
Lbn nam buaohaill' annta. 

'S imeach, gruthach, mebgacli, sruthnch, 
'N imrich shubhach sliambraidb. 

'S raithicb dhorahsa dol d^j "n Mhbrtliir 
Anns an bg-mhios Bhealltuinn. 



An English translation of this Song will be found in Pattison's "Gaelic Bards," page 34. 



Edinburgh Sutherland Association. — At the 
(>ctober monthly meeting of this Association Captain 
W. Morrison delivered a most interesting and 
instructive lecture on Rob Donn, the Reay country 
bard. The lecturer gave a graphic description of the 
poet, tracing his wanderings in various parts of 
Sutherland — in the array, and supplementing much 
that has been written already by anecdotes and 
historical incidents handed down in his own family. 
The gallant Captain, although he left his native High- 
lands thirty-five years ago, could recite Rob Donn's 
poems as well as if he only left Durness yesterday. 



The Clan Gregor Society. — The u.sual autuajn 
meeting of Council of the Clan Gregor Society was 
held on Tuesday in the Royal Hotel, Edinburgh, and 
was well attended by Directors from the surrounding 
district. Mr. Atholl MacGregor, President, occupied 
the chair. The ordinary routine business was 
transacted, and a sura of £(>5 was allotted as bursaries 
to young male and female students belonging to the 
Clan, besides various grants made to necessitious 
and deserving members of the Clan. The reports 
shewed the Society to be still prosperous in all its 
branches. 



30 



THE OELTIO MONTHLY. 



TO CORRESPONDENTS. 

All Cotiiintiiilcations, on literary and business 
mnlters, shnnld he addressed to the Editor, Mr. JOUS 
XACKAT, Bltjthswood Drive, tltasfiow. 

TERMS OP SUBSCRIPTION.— The CELTIC 
MONTH L ¥ wiU he sent, post free, to any part of the 
United Kingdom, Canada, the United States, and all 
countries in the Postal Union — for one year, JfA. 

The Celtic Monthly. 

NOVEMBER, 1896. 



COP«ITE3>J'TS. 

CoLls G. Mackae, W.S., KDiNBURori (with plate), 
.Minor Ski'TS ok CiiAS Ciiattan (illustrated), 
Miss .Tba.v JIacFarlan Sl'Ott (with plate), • 

Flora JIacdo.nald, 

Links to Loch Ness (poem), 

A HlGllLXND PUNKRAL (poeill), - - . - 

Oik Musical Paoe— Failte na mor-thir. 

To our Rbadkrs, - - 

The Royal Scots OREys, Part VII. (illustrated). 

What I liNOW OF the Gael (poem). 

The Highland Sword (illustrated), 

Daniel Maclean, .Ir., Greenock (with plate). 

Letter to tub Editor— Chiek of the Clan Macrae. 

Tales from Macleods' Country (illustrated). 

Only a Lout, 



OF INTEREST TO SUBSCRIBERS. 

We ,(■;.■/, t,< r.nniid tlins, si,J,srril,rrs ,rhn h.in- not 
alrcadil niillflrd. tl„it .-.id,sn',/,fin„s /,,, ruin,,,, V. 
are n<,'i<- „i;',;lii,' : ,ii„l „;■ „;„d,l ,'sl,;ni ,1 ,i Ut,„„,' if 
they a-indil ./kv tins „„itt, ,■ tl„ ,,' u„,„f,l„it,' <ilt,'„t„„i 
The aiiMud subscriptions (■.{/- post free) .flionld he 
forwarded at once to the Editor, Mr. John Maclcay, 
!l Blijthswood Drice, Glasiiow. 

OUR NEXT ISSUE 

Will ciint:iiii plate portraits of Mr. John Mackay, 
Editor, <'<7(ic Monthly, Glasgow (held over fi-om 
present issue); Surgeon Lient. -Colonel J. MacRae, 
Gaya, India (a native of Ross shire); and the Hon. 
J. G. \V. Fraser, late Chairman of the Volksraad, 
Bioemfontein, Orange Free States (a native of 
Inverness-shire) ; with biographical sketches. In 
addition to these we intend giving portraits and 
sketches of the late Mr. George H. Mackay, 
Accountant, Savings Bank, Glasgow, and Pipe- 
Major J. Macdougall Gillies, the best livino- 
exponent of piobaireachd. 

Celtic Monthly, Volume IV. — As we will only 
be able to supply a few complete bound copies of 
this volume, some of the parts being already out of 
print, those who desire copies should communicate 
with us at once. The price is 10/- post free, and 
copies can be had from the Editor, Mr. John 
Mackay, 9 Blythswood Drive, Glasgow. 

The work on Sutherland and the Reay 
Country, upon which we have been engaged for so 
long a period, is now almost ready. It will extend 
to nearly 400 pages, instead of 320 as already 
mentioned. Tlie large paper edition is already 
practically subscribed for, and the 5/- copies are 
pretty well taken up. 



History of the Munros. — Mr. Alexander 
Mackenzie, the learned clan historian, is at presen 
engaged upon a history of the ancient Clan Munro, 
which will be one of the largest and most exhaustive 
of his well known series. The MSS. collections of 
General Stewart Allan, the late Alexander Ross, 
and the Rev. Dr. Aird of Creich, have come into 
the author's possession. Genealogies of the leading 
families of the clan will also be given. The volume, 
handsomely bound, will be published at 21/'-, and 
the large paper copies at 31/(i. As a list of 
subscribers is to be printed in the work, those 
desiring copies should communicate at once with 
the Editor, Celtic Monthly, 9 Blythswood Drive, 
Glasgow. 

The Clan Donald History (Volume I.) is now 
published. It is a large and handsomely got up 
volume, with many plates and other illustrations. 
Copies can be had from the Editor, Celtic Monthly. 
Volume I., 21/9 post free, or for the three volumes, 
as published, £2 10s. 

Mr. James Hamilton Miti.hell, Edinburgh, 
and formerly of Campbeltown, has been admitted a 
law agent by the Lords of Council and Session. 

The Clan Mai 'Lean held their Annual Social 
Gathering in the City Hall, on lOth October, which 
was completely tilled with an enthusiastic atten- 
dance. Colonel Sir Fitzroy Donald Maclean, Bart., 
Chief of the Clan, presided, and was supported by 
Messrs. Walter Maclean, President, Rev. Dr. John 
Maclean, Professor Magnus Maclean, M.A., Major 
Alexander W. A. Maclean (of the Coll branch), 
Allan M. Maclean, yr. of Dochgarroch, Con^'ener 
John Maclean, Lachlan Maclean, Daniel Maclean, 
Secretary, and many others. The Chief, in a most 
eloquent address, referred to the excellent progress 
made by the Association, to its charitable and 
educational work, and to the honours which had 
been conferred upon Macleans during the past 
year. Professor J. P. Maclean of Ohio, the clan 
historian, being specially referred to as a candidate 
for Congress. Ex-Provost Maclean, Govan, also 
addressed the meeting, in Gaelic. Mr. Neil 
Maclaine, who has done so much to make the Cliin 
Association a success, was presented by the Chief 
and Lady Maclean, in the name of the members, 
with a valuable gold medal, suitably inscribed, in 
acknowledgment of his services. 

The Clan Mai'KAV Soi'IEty has just completed 
the most successful session since its inauguration. 
There has been a large accession of life and ordinary 
members, and the funds of the Society amount to 
£1000. The Social Gathering falls to be held in 
Glasgow this winter, and it is expected Lord Reay, 
Chief of the Clan, will preside. Everything points 
to the new session being even more successful than 
last. 

The Clan Mai 'Mill an have arranged to liold 
the Social Gathering in the Queen's Rooms, on 17th 
November, the Rev" Hugh MacMillan, D.D.,LL.D., 
the distinguished Chief of the Society, in the chair. 
This is usually one of the most enjoyable reunions 
of the year. 

The Clan Chattan hold their Inaugural 
Gathering in the Oueen's Rooms on 28th October, 
Clnny Macpherson of Cluny INIacpherson presiding. 



THE CELIIC MONTHLY. 







1896 



JOHN MACKAY. CE,jp. 

HEREFORD 






Part VII. —{Continiieil fimn page 8.) 
IIattle of M,\Li'L.\i,iUEr — ''ontinncl. 




Ih 



^ypAHLBOROUGH, as was usual 
^3i'^|b h\va. rode alonp: the front of his line, 
M''^ and with an air of more than usual 
cheerfulness, told his troops "to be steady." 
" to go on and keep up their tire." He 
possessed the entire confidence of his men. 
When in anj' strait they made themselves easy 
about it. " Well, old Corporal John (Marl- 
borough) will come to our aid." 

Marlborough had carefully reconnoitred the 
enemy's lines, and saw that neither the right 
nor the centre of that most formidable position 
could be assailed with effect, therefore, he 
resolved to turn it. At the same time forty 
battalions from the British army were to attack 
the left flank of the wood of Taisniers, and 
force it at all hazards. To support them forty 
pieces of cannon were to open tire upon the 
wood, while strong working parties covered 
them by breast- works. Simultaneously with 
the above, a double attack was to be made 
upon the field works which Villars had con- 
structed in the wood of Taisniers. One 
brigade was to pass by the Saart road round a 
morass on the left, while Count Lottum's 
division assaulted the other flank. Finally the 
right and centre of the French were to be 
menaced, the former by three infantry corps 
under the Prince of Orange, and Generals 
W'eldereu and Dohna. who were not to engage 
seriously without special orders, the latter by 



cavalry. General Withers with his division on 
the way from Tournay received orders not to 
join the camp, but to pass through the wood of 
Blangies on the French right and so gain the 
rear of the enemy, and take them in reverse at 
the farm of La Folic, on their extreme left. 
Amid all these preparations the night of the 
10th passed away. 

At three in the morning of the 11th divine 
service was with great solemnity performed in 
the allied camp in open squares of divisions, 
and the moment it was over the rumble of the 
artillery wheels announced that the cannons 
were in motion; save this, all was silence. The 
allies broke into order of march for the various 
points of attack. All was done in profound 
silence and perfect order. Scarce a word was 
heard, or spoken, by ofiicers or men beyond 
the few sentences necessary for directing the 
movements. As day stole over the undulating 
landscape a dense white mist continued for a 
time to mask the movements of one army from 
the other. 

For some time the light morning breeze 
wafted towards the enemy the measured 
tramping of the dense masses of infantry, the 
clang of hoofs, the rattle of cavalry accoutre- 
ments, scabbards, and chain bridles, the 
lumbering sound of artillery wheels, till the 
mist as it ascended into midair, like a vast 



3-2 



THE UKLTIO MOM'HLV 



curtain, suddenly revealed to the French the 
dispositions Marlborough had made. Then a 
cannon shot from Villars' grand battery on the 
ridge announced the commencement of the 
great Battle of Malplaquet, the most sanguinary 
in the whole war, and the best fought by the 
French, though ultimately defeated. 

Marlborough, though commanding in chef, 
chivalrously assigned to Prince Eugene to 
command on the right, he himself taking the 
left. The attack began by AFarlborough 
against the right and centre of the French 
position in two great columns, the first under 
the Prince of Orange, the other under General 



Count Lottum Suddenly, nxurding to orders., 
the Dutch battalions, commanded by the Prince 
of Orange, halted beyond the reach of grape 
shot, while that of Lottum moved on, regardless 
of the fire from the French guns, to the rear of 
the allied principal battery, and wheeling 
to the right formed in three lines. This 
division of twenty-two battalions comprising 
two battalions of the Foot Guards, the Royal 
Scots and the regiment of Argyll, moved upon 
the centre. Schulemberg also advanced with 
forty battalions ranged in three lines, menaced 
the French right, while the Earl of Orkney 
with fifteen battalions prepared to occupy the 




space vacant on Lottum's left. Thus in ten 
minutes the columns of attack were all in 
motion, and pressing on with colours flying 
and bayonets fixed under a terrible fire of 
round shot and grape. After a short pause in 
the cannonade, the signal for the onset was 
given at nine, by a general volley from the 
allied central battery. Schulemberg instantly 
advanced along the edge of the w(}od of Saart 
direct upon the enemy's left centre. The 
division was met by a furious fire of grape; 
still it marched on till within pistol shot i-ango 
of the French, whose first volley produced 
dreadful results The French feeling them- 



selves perfectly secure within their entrench- 
ments levelled their muskets over the breast- 
works, taking cool and deliberate aim. The 
division recoiled before this storm of lead, and 
with hoarse wild cries of rage and defiance the 
Austrians retreated two hundred yards. Their 
order was hardly perfectly restored during the 
daj', but their confidence, however, returned, 
and extending their files through the wood, so 
as to outriank the intrenchments and carry 
round a morass which Villars had thought to 
be impassable, they fell in with Withers brigade 
from Tournay, which had hitherto penetrated 
through the woods unseen. The whole line 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



33 



tboii uilvai](_T(l again under a ceaseless lire of 
musketry, prciajptly and steadily responded t", 
and the slaughter on both sides was terrible. 

Eugene now came to the aid of his cuuntry- 
nien. He and Schulemberg tilled up the 
intervals and extended their llanks witti part 
of the second line, then agaiu advancing 
dislodged the brigades of ''La Reine ' auil 
"Charost," but failed to force those of 
"Picardy" and 'La Marine, ' uothwithstauding 
every exertion. 

.Meanwhile, Marlborough riding towards the 
centre, led on in person the troops of Lottum. 
At some distance volleys of musketry from the 
'• Brigade-du-Koi " greeted them, but without 
wavering, they passed some enclosures, 
descended the hollow bank of a rivulet, and 
waded through a swamp under a very galling 
tire. Reaching the foot of the intrenchment, 
though somewhat disordered by the difficulty 
of the approach and the loss sustained, they 
made the most furious eftbrts to ascend the 
breast works, but they were repulsed by the 
French, encouraged by the presence of their 
Marshal, Villars, himself. Lottum (juickiy 
reformed and returned to the attack. Two 
battalions of the Foot Guards leading, the 
Royal Scots seconded the Guards, while Argyll's 
regiment and several others prolonged the 
attack to the left. These gallant troops rushing 
forward with the native resolution and energy 
of true Britons forced the intrenchments in the 
most gallant style, and the French fell back 
Ughting into the wood. ^Marlborough observing 
the repulse sustained by Lottum, put himself 
at the head of D'Anvergue's cavalry and 
advanced to his assistance. At the same 
moment the Duke of Argyll ordered a British 
brigade from the second line to advance on the 
left of Lottum. This fresh brigade came 
opposite to an opening in the intrenchment, 
the approach to which was through a swamp, 
almost impassable. While entangled in this 
swamp a French General with twelve battalions 
advanced to charge them, but Villars observing 
Marlborough with his statt" coming up at the 
head of the cavalry, galloped forward and 
stopped them at the moment when their 
further advance would have been fatal. 

The brigades of Champagne and Picardy 
still maintained their ground, but pressed by 
Schulemberg on the one side and Lottum on 
the other, they found a temporary refuge 
behind an abatis. The Marine brigade too. 
after a vigorous stand, was comjjelled to follow 
their example. These brave men evinced the 
most heroic courage, but their efforts were in 
Vain. 

(To he continued). 



KNOW OF THE GAEL. 



Tlio mniiijlitli graven, and cairn, 
\ iL'kl records that never will fail ; 

I've .studied tliein deeply to learn 
A knowledge profound of the Gael. 

A fact that on tablets we trace is, 
That the Celts had barley and kale ; 

The earliest found of the race is, 
To Eden for plants went the Uael. 

\\ hen Noah took up navigation, 
And loaded the ark for a sail ; 

The Celts were a maritime nation, 
A mercantile fleet had the Gael. 

Noah cruised around with a Zuo' 
In his ark— 'tis a wonderful tale— 

A craft sailing past him lay to, 
Macpherson was captain, a Gael. 

'Twas a startling sight on the ocean, — 
The shape of the ark made him nuail — 

Returning from plentiful Goshen, 
"Been shoo'ry a wee," said the Gael. 

Macpherson gave Noah his course. 
And promised to forward his mail ; 

The Znii' gave a yell of great force 
When sailing away went the Gael. 

The ark steered clear of shores barren, 
And shallows — so great was her scale — 

They landed on Goatfell in Arran, 
A i^eak in the ''Land of the Gael." 

Noah liked Gaelic and tartan. 
And dwelt on a croft in a vale ; 

In forays was brave as a Spartan, 

And shared in the spoils with the Gael. 

He also took ijuick to the whisky, , , ' ' 

And fond was of good mellow ale ; 

At dunces was social and frisky. 
And fraternized well with the Gael. 

He feasted on strong " Athol Brose," — 
And thereunto hangeth a tale ; — 

And lapsed to a state comatose, 
(Jn this luscious dish of the Gael. 

Soon after he peacefully died. 

Then deeji was the croon and the wail ; 

To honour him all of them vied, — 
A generous race are the Gael. 

M'Crimraon, a piper, was there — 
With music loud echoed the dale — 

The coronachs rolled on the air, 

The weird, dirge-laments of the Gael. 

I will close this simple recital. 
Having stated tlie case in detail ; 

Absolute truth is so vital. 

Such verit)' cranks are the Gac'. 

ew York. P. MacI'II RK.sox. 



31 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 




Swort. 

by KXl.Orunimond-norie 



(Gontimied jVom page 15). 

^l^tLTHOUGH the basket-hilled sword is 
(SJ^M indissolubly counected with the Iligh- 
r^& lands, the fact must not be overlooked 
that before it became popular there, it had been 
in use among the Covenanters in the Lowlands 
for some time, and it is possible that the 
experiences of Drumclog and Bothwell Brig in 
1 679, led Dundee to recommend its adoption by 
the Highland chiefs in place of the more clumsy 
and antiquated weapon that they had hitherto 
used. The typical Covenanter's sword will be 
shown among the historic claymores in next issue. 
When first introduced into the Highlands 
many of the ba.sket- hilts of the new swords 
appear to have been of brass, for Phillip.s, who 
acted as standard-bearer to Viscount Dundee, 
says in his metrical Latin poem the '"(iramaid," 
describing the gatheiing of the chiefs and their 
clans preparatory to the Battle of Killiecrankie, 
that " they (referring especially to the Mac- 
Dougals) all carry the brazen hilted sword." 
Even as late as 1745 some of these (or similar) 
weapons were still in use, and are mentioned in 
information sworn by Peter Kay, Catechist, in 
Loch Arkaig, Lochaber, before Lord Advocate 
Craigie, in which he describes the MacDonalds 
of Glencoe and Stewarts of Appin as being armed 
with gun, bayonet, and broad sword with a 
brass handle like a small sword, and adds "the 
men were not pleased with their swords, but 



Illustrated by the Authot 



their guns were good." Another government 
informer of the same period, who is apparently 
ashamed to sign his name to his letter, in giving 
an account of the march of Prince Charles' 
Highlanders from Perth, says, " great numbers 
of them are perfect hurd boys, without stockings 



T^nij^b* 



or shoes, about fourteen or sixteen years of age; 
they have brass-hilted swords tied about them 
with straw ropes." 

Reverting once again to Killiecrankie, it is 
almost a matter of certainty that although many 
of the Highlanders were in possession of the 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



new arm, a, large number fdiiyht with the nidrc 
antiquated weapon. It is hardly possible lo 
imagine that any sword but the great dt)uble- 
handed one* could have |irodnced such awful 
wounds as those de.seribed b}- the authoi- ol' 
the "Dundee Memoirs." "Many of General 
Maekay's officers and soldiers " he writes, 
" were cut down through the skull auil neck to 
the very brea.st ; others liad skulls cut off above 
the ears like night caps ; some soldiei's had both 
their bodies and cross-belts cut through at one 
blow ; pikes and small swords were cut like 
willows." Powerful, indeed, must have been 
the weapons and the aims that wielded them in 
have wrought such havoc in the ranks of the 
enemies of Scotland's rightful King. Dundee 
himself used a silver- hil ted sword in the battle, 
which proved so fatal to himself, but so glorious 
to the cause for which he fought. After his 
death it was gi\-en by the relatives of lain Dubh 
nan Cath (the name given to Dundee liy his 
Highland friends) to Lachlan, 2l8t Chief (jf 
Mackintosh, and is preserved at Moy Hall. This 
historic weapon is shown in fig. 1 ; the date on 
the blade is 1504. 

By the eaily part of the 18th century the 
basket-hilted claymore had been generally 
adopted by the Highland clans, varying slightly 
in form, and being more or less ornamented 
according to the rank and wealth of the wearer. 
One of the finest specimens of this period is 
described by Professor Anderson as having been 
given as a prize for a hor.se lace run at Charles 





search has produced." Kig. 11, which is copied 
from a di-awiug in I'rummond's "Ancient 
.-Scottish \Vea|)ons." is there described by the 
before menticjued authority as a similar weapon 
to the one referred to above.f Another historic 
sword of aliout this date possessing special 
interest from the fact of its having belonged to 
the renowned Rob Roy is .shown on fig 10a. 
It is probably the only basket-hilted claymore 
having a curved, or scimeter blade. " This 
remarkable weajion was given by Rob to 
Campbell of Lochnell at the time of his placing 
him.self under the jirotection of the Duke i^f 
.Vrgyll, and it remained hi Lochnell's family for 
many years, liut has now dLsapiieared. Tlie 
iliawing has been taken from Rob Roy's portrait 
in the " Costumes of the Clans " (Sobieski 
Stuart). 

The hilts in many cases were of silver, 
elaborately chased, 

" 'S ioniadh clogaid a's targaid 

Agus cli(ldltcan ceann-dinjiod 

Bhiodh mar coinneamli air Ealacbuin " 

(Marbhrann Mhic 'ic Ailein, Period 171."")). 

Many were the helmets and targes 
And xilnr-hUfnl x,n,nls 
Ranged within thy armoury. 

and in some instances cairngorm stones wei'e 
inserted to produce a finer effect. A splendid 
sword of this description is in the possession of 
the writer's friend, Mr. Lock hart Bogle, the 
eminent Highland artist and anti(iuarian. 



the Second's Fair at Huntly, and with a blade 
dated 1701 ; this sword he says " is the earliest 
and indeed the only dated specimen of the 
Scottish basket-hilted sword which persistent 



* There is of course tlie possibility that many of 
these terrible wounds were caused by the 
Lochaber axe. 

t The writer does not know how Professor Anderson 
accounts for the royal monogram C. R. being 
on a weapon of as late a date as 17()I. 

(To be continued) 

The Clan Chattan Association opened the 
session with a Concert on 25th October— Mr. H. G. 
Gillespie presided, and was supported by Messrs. 
D. A. S. Mackintosh, W. G. Davidson, and other 
clansmen. There was a large attendance, and an 
enjoyable evening was spent. 

Strathmore Celtic Society. — A Grand Concert 
to inaugurate the formation of this Society, was held 
in the Public Hall, Forfar, on 20th October. The Earl 
of Airlie presided, and was supported by many of the 
local gentry and others interested. There was a good 
attendance. Mr. John Mackay, Editor, Cfttk Mon.ihhj, 
delivered a lecture on Highland nnisic and song, ex- 
amples of the various kinds of iiH'Inilirs licini; rendered 
by Miss Lizzie B. Mackay and .\lr. l>Miiaia .M. Wallace 
of the New York opera--a nati\r i)f Ansaig, and a 
talented exponent of Gaelic song. The eutertainmect 
was greatly enjoyed, and the meeting closed with the 
usual votes of thanks. The Society has made an 
excellent start. 



:^G 



THK CELTIC MONTHLY 




DANIEL MACLEAN, Jr., GREENOCK. 

HliNOKAliV SlirllE'lAHV, ClAX IMa( I,! AN 

AssuriATiox. 



sH^/lfR. DANIEL MAC- 
^Mb LEAN, Jr., the 
— '''^ energetic Secretary of 
the Clan Maclean Association 
of Greenock, was born on 1 Ith 
June, L*^7L He conies of a 
good Highland stock, and 
naturally takes a deep interest 
in all matters relating to the 
land of the Gael. Oil leaving school he entered 
the office of Mr. R. S. MacMorland, merchant 
and shipowner, and after serving with him for 
three years, he became principal assistant to Mr. 
.James Paterson, accountant and stockbroker, 
with wlioni he remained nearly eight years, 
receiving there his professional training. Re- 
cently, Mr. Maclean commenced business on his 
own account in Greenock. 

When the Greenock branch of the Clan Mac- 
lean Association was formed on 17th June, 1892, 
Mr. Maclean was appointed treasurer. Last 
year he was voted as president, but declined the 
honour, preferring to serve his clan in the more 
active position of Secretary. To his e.xertions, 
and those of the late secretary, Mr. Alex. Scott 
Maclean, thesuccess of tliis flourishing association 
is specially due. Mr Maclean does not conserve 
his sympathies for his own clan, but is interested 
in all Highland movements. From hi.s infancy 
he has been connected with the Gaelic Parish 
churcli, and was for five years secretary and 
treasurer of the Bible class ; president of the 
literary society : and was the recipient of a 
handsome token of esteem from his scholars. 
Mr. Maclean's usefulness and activity may be 
judged from the number of honorary positions 
which lie at present holds : he is genei-al secretary 
for the (ireenock Presbytery of the Church of 
Scotland Young Men's Guild, and president of 
the Ignited Athletic Branch of th.- Guild, and 
also of the Monfode Cricket Club. He is a 
member of the Corporation of Accountants. The 
Clan Maclean Association of Greenock is to be 
congratulated on having such an energetic 
secretary, and we have no doubt that under his 
able management it will continue to prosper, 
financially and numerically. 

Thk Clan Mknzies Socikty has published a 
most attractive little brochure giving particulars of 
its objects and work. The Society seems to be in a 
most flourishing state, thanks mainly to the etVorts of 
its able Secretary, Mr. 1). P. Menzies, F.S.A., Scot. 
The total fiuKl.s amount to i:451 2s. lOd. 



THE CHIEF OF THE CLAN MACRAE. 

Sir, 
I WOULD feel much obliged if you would kindly 
afford nie space in your valuable paper to reply to a 
letter f;om Mr Horatio R Macrae in your October 
number, on the subject of ''The Chief of the Clan 
MacEae." There are two points at issue between Mr 
Macrae and myself — 

I. As to the existence of a Mav..Rae as Chief of 
the Clan Mac \<a.e at any time. 

II. As to the direct lineal representative of Finlay 
dubb MacGilichrist, the (supposed) foundL-r of the 
Clan. 

As to the question of the t'hiefship of the Clan, to 
sum upas shortly as possible I may say that ray re- 
searches into, and study of, the subject go to show 
that there is no documentary evidence in existence 
which points to a MacRae as having been acknow- 
ledged, or recognised as Chief of the Clan MacRie ; 
but that every historical reference to the subject points 
to Seaforth as having been Chief of the MacKenzies 
and MacRaes du'ing the last five or six hundred 
years. My authorities are :-- 

1. Sir Walter Scott, who in writing about the Clan 
says — "The MacRaes are an example of what some- 
times occurred in the Highlands, a Clan who had no 
Chief or banner of their own, but mustered under that 
of another tribe.'' 

2. In Boswell's Life of Johnson it says — 

" We had a cwnsiderable circle about us (in journey- 
ing through Kintail in 1773) men, women, and child- 
ren -all McCraas, Seaforth's people." 

lu Crokers Bosvvell, page 310, it again says — 
" The M'Craas, or MacRaes, were since that time 
(1773) brought into the King's Army by the late 
Lord Seaforth," 

3. My third authority is the copy of the M'Ra 
MS. written by the Rev. John M'Ra, minister of 
Dingwall, who died in 1704, and who was a member 
of the Inverinate family This MS. is referred to by 
Mr Macrae in his letter to you; but he omits to point 
out that the original MS. is lost, and that only copies 
are extant. This document may, or may not, have 
been accurately transcribed. In the copies I have of 
this MS. it is surprising that no mention is made of 
a MacRae as being Chief of the Clan, though the 
chieftainship would surely have been mentioned and 
claimed for the Inverinate family if it had ever exist- 
ed. On the contrary the MacRaes are referred to on 
liages 3 and 5 as being under the patronage of the 
I..OVAT family, and fostering their children, and on 
page 'J reference is twice made to Seaforth as the 
"young Master" of Finlay dubh Macgilichrist, the 
reputed founder of the Claw MacRae. 

The fact is that all through this MS. the MacRaes 
are spoken of as subordinate to Seaforth, and Seaforth 
is referred to as "Master." 

■i. In Brown's History of the Highlands, the Clan 
is spoken of as supplying the Body Guard, or " Leine 
Chiios " (steel shirt) of the High Chief of Kintail, 
and also as " followers of the Earls of Seaforth. ' 

The MacRaes also had the first lift of the Chief's 
coffin, wliich was considered a great honour, and 
which was claimed by the Torlishich family at the 
funeral of the last Seaforth. 

.'i. In Pennant's Tour, in 1772, a list is given of 
the Chiefs ami principal gentlemen of the Sheriffdom 
of Inverness, which included the Shire of Ro.ss : l>ir. 




DANIEL MACLEAN, JUN. 



IHE OELTtC MONTHLY. 



tliere is no MacRae iiieuticniecl in tliis list, tlioiigli 
Seafortli is given 

6. In a list of the Higliland Cliiefs submitted by 
tlie Jacobites to Louis XIV , there is no mentiou of 
the MacRaes; but the Chief of the MacKenzies is 
named "with other little names about him of 
indifferent good men lOOU." 

7. In the list of Chiefs and Clars made up by 
President Forbes the MacRaes are not given. 

8. Gregory in liis '.'Western Highlands," describing 
Glengarry's raid, alludes to " the men of Kintail and 
Loch Alsh" as defending themselves in the absence 
of " their chief," Maclvenzie, who had gone to .Mull 
to form a defensive alliance with the Macleans. 

y. General David Stewart of Garth in his Sketches 
of the Highlands speaks of the MacKenzies and their 
"ancient followei-s, the MacRaes," and mentions that 
the Earl of Seaforth can raise out of " his countries 
of Kintail, Loch Alsh, Loch Broom, etc., 1000 nuMi." 
So it clearly follows that the MacRaes at that time 
had no other Chief but Seaforth. 

With regard to a certain fund, founded in Aberdeen 
in 1703, and known as the McRa Mortification, I 
would say that there is a note on an old Family Tree 
in possession of my father which says that a member 
of the Inverinate family, Alexander McRa of Dornie, 
'• took up the wadset money of Dornie and left his 
property to King's College, Aberdeen, for the use of 
indigent boys in male line from his great-grandfather 
in preference to others." This is, I presume, the same 
fund as mentioned by Mr. Macrae in support of the 
claim of his family to the Chiefship of the Clan ; but 
what the relationship is between a fund for the relief 
of indigent boys, and the Chiefship of the Clan 
MacRae it requires Mr. Horatio R. Macrae to explain. 
That a fund left for the benefit of indigent boys 
should be used as an argument in support of the 
claims of any family to the Chiefship of a Clan is an 
absurdity, which must be apparent to youi readers. 

If my views are new, as stated by Mr. Macrae, 
they have the advantage of being shared by a good 
many of the oldest and weightiest authorities on the 
subject, whose opinions are worth accepting. 

1 fail to see that Mr. Macrae produces any authori- 
ties in support of his statement of the so called " old 
and generally accepted account," wliich I presume 
refers to the pleasing belief apparently indulged in by 
Mr. Macrae and his family that they are tii'e 
representatives of a line of Chiefs who ruled over an 
independent and powerful people. Unfortunately for 
him this is not borne out by histoiy, facts, or 
tradition, whereas it is well known that the commonly 
accepted tradition is that the Clan was the most war- 
like element amongst the followers of Seaforth, and 
that they greatly assisted him in strengthening and 
maintaining his position in the Highlands. 'Ihese 
services have always been acknowledged by the 
Seaforth family. 

Mr. Macrae accuses me of maintaining that the 
Clan was only "a small sept, attached to the Clan 
MacKenzie, too unimportant to have had a Chief of 
its own." I made no such assertions, and it is I 
consider unfair to draw these conclusions from ray 
letter. 1 have too much regard for the credit and 
dignity of the Clan, to which I have the honour to 
belong, to attempt to depreciate its importance in any 
way, but I consider that endeavouring to introduce 
an element of Chieftainship into the Clan at this 



period of its history, has a tendency to subject the 
Cl;in to ridicule, amongst those who are acquainted 
with its history. 

Mr. .Macrae makes the statement that the MacRaes 
of Conchra are " descended from a second son of 
Farquhar MacRae of Inverinate, which at once 
explains why they did not succeed to the pi'incipil 
estate." I should like Mr. Macrae to prove the 
accuracy of this statement, which until he does, I 
beg to contradict emphatically. The MacRaes of 
Conchra aie not descended from a second son of 
Farquhar MacRae of Inverinate; nor are they 
de.scended from the Inverinate family at all. They 
are descended from Mr. Farquhar MacRae, born 
1080, Minister of Kintail 1UI8, Constable of Ellan- 
donan Castle, and the common ancestor of the 
Conchra and Inverinate families This Mr. Farquhar 
MacRae had no connection with Inverinate beyond 
that he got a wadset of that place for his .son, 
■Vlexander, who became the first of the family of 
Inverinate, that is who held the place from father to 
son for several generations. 

You will observe Mr. Macrae himself seems a little 
dubious about the Clan ever having had a Chief, as 
he says " indeed if it had a Chief at all, it could 
hardly have been any other than an Inverinate, as 
they possessed a great part, and probably at one timr 
the greater part of the lands where the Clan lived 
round Loch Duich." With regard to the latter part 
of this paragraph it would be difficult for Mr. Macrae 
or anyone else to prove that the MacKaes of Inveri- 
nate possessed an acre of land round Loch Duich, 
except as the tenants of the House of Seaforth, or 
that the family of Inverinate possessed any more land, 
or held it on any different terms to any of the other 
iMacRae families living round about Loch Duich and 
Loch Alsh. 

To sum up shortly : no furtlier information 
regarding the question af a MacRae ever having been 
acknowledged as Chief of the Clan MacRae is 
furnished by Mr. Macrae's letter ; whereas from the 
authorities I have quoted the weight of evidence goes 
to disprove that such a person ever existed. 

With regard to the second question as to whether 
John MacRa, Minister of Dingwall in 1640, or 
Alexander McRa, first of the Inverinate family, was 
the direct lineal representative of Finlny dubh Mae- 
gilichrist. Mr. Macrae gives no proof one way or the 
other and apparently is unable to do so. At present 
the question is one based entinly upon tradition, and 
until proof to the contrary is produced the head of 
the Conchra family, Colin MacRae of Camden, U.S.A., 
claims to be the direct lineal representative of Kinlay 
dubh Macgilichrist, the (suppo.sed) founder of the 
Clan MacRae. 

Jo'HX MacR.^k. 



TALES FROM MACLEODS' COUNTRY. 

Taken down !■■ rhutiw from the Gaelic of a Crofter, 
Donald Roy Macleod, Ose, Skye. 



there present one or two tales just as I have 
taken them down from an old Highlaiidev. 
— They are not of gfeat importance, but aic 



38 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



given exactly as told. The time most favourable 
for the gathering of such stories has passed, and 
the people of Skye are do longer adepts in the 
art of tale-telliug, and do not now cultivate their 
memories in such efforts. I fancy that the 
Long Island, or Outer Hebrides, would be a 
better field for the collection of such tales. 

A Tale of Donald Glas, an axckstual 

HEUO OF THE MACLEOPS OF DRYNOCH. 

He (Donald Glas) was a clever boy. He 
went to reach Duntulni Oastle with a letter for 
the Lord of the Isles. When he deli\'ered the 
letter, they put bread and milk before him, and 
when he saw that the bread was so poor he 



pared it ; and when they asked where did he 
learn to pare his bread, he said he learned it 
where he had to eat it, that is in the house of 
Macdonald. Then a fly came and drowned itself 
in the milk, and he said, '"0 blundering creature! 
to drown yourself where your feet would have 
touched the bottom." He said that as the milk 
was so poor in quantity. Then the Lord of the 
Isles heard of this, and he came and said — 
"Give more milk to the lad." " Le'r cead, ais' 
an (jille, tita diol a' dit' aran a d/i' annlann ami " 
(there's enough bread to do for the milk that's 
here), said the lad. 

The above fragment, with its antique 
witticisms, may belong to the time when the 
Macdonald chiefs occupied Duntulm Castle. 




Tale of Jock of Unisii. 

Seoc Unish (Jock of Unish) n.sed to be 
gathering men for the Highland regiments. He 
was going up to Drynoch with the lads. There 
was a boy called Donald at home. His father 
was away at the time. Donald, the son, had to 
follow Seoc as a soldier. When the father 
came home the mother was working crying. 
lie asked her what was \'rong? ,She said, 
" Not a little — they took away Donal." I 
remember a woman (she is now dead some time) 
and she know the boy and his father -she told 
me the tale. The boy wiis with them. Tiie 
fatliei- got a little pot and began to melt lead, 
and began to make bullets ([leilcaran). lie 



asked her to .-spread the fire so that the red 
cinders would be there, and to make a bannock, 
and to cook it on the cinders for him, and he 
went as ((uick as be could, and he reached a 
place called Carnau Tarmaid, above Tigh 
Shligachan, and he saw the soldiers going to 
Sgousair. He conid not overtake them on the 
road, so he took the hill by Bealloch a Sgaird, 
and was at the bridge at Ceann Loch Ailort, 
before them, and he sat on the bridge till they 
should pass. "What left you here, Donal?" 
said Seoc Unish. 

''I am hero from the K'vie" (Kyle Akin), said 
DMual. 

Ho did not take any notice till he saw his 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



own son amongst them. He seized him by the 
coat and said, " What brings you here, Donal ? " 

"What but the boc/idainn" ( poverty) said 
Donal. 

Tiien Seoc I'nish turned back on his thin 
red mare, and told the boy to go on. 

The father would not let the boy go. Seoc 
Uiiish said, " You will have to break the egg on 
yuur son's head." AVell, they put the egg on 
the son's head, and the father fired, and his aim 
was so true that he smashed the egg with the 
peilear. " What," said Seoc Uuish, %vould 
you have done if you had killed your son I " 
" The next bullet — I have them in my pocket — 
would have gone into your own heart," said 
Donal. Well, he got the boy away, and he 
must have had a good nerve to do as he did. 

The William Tell story of the apple, which 
we are told, is taken from much older sources, 
and is therefore a legend only, and to be regarded 
as such rather than vif a matter of history, has a 
strong resemblance to this tale, which belongs 
to the time of the end of last century. 
The explanation of the coincidence may be that 
the reciter had heard the tale of Tell in his 
youth, and had confounded the two stories, or 
that it was a customary thing to place eggs 
or apples to be lired at on the heads of relatives 
of culprits. 

Donald's Ghost Stokv. 

"Did you ever see a ghost, Donald, or any 
strange appearance that you could not make 
out ? " I asked. 

" no ! the only thing that ever put fear on 
me was what I saw one night comir.g over the 
hill from Portree. It is about fifteen j-ears ago, 
and myself and my sister had come over as far 
as Glen 'ic Askull. Well, it was the mouth of 
night, and we saw a bright shining mass of fiie, 
and it came near us and went past us, and my 
sister with the fright she gri|ipit a hold of me 
and cried, ' Leave it alone, Donal ! you have no 
business with it, and it has no business with 
you ; leave it alone ! ' So I left it alone, and it 
went near a hou.se that was there and then went 
out, and when we got home, we heard that there 
was a sick girl in the house. "Well, she died 
after that. And that's the only thing I ever 
saw that put the fear of death on me." 

Gkneral Macleoo kills a 'Black Kinc;." 
Donald told yet another story of (ieneral 
Macleod of Macleod, in India, of his killing a 
" Black King." A " bull's head " was brought 
in a dish at dinner as a signal for slaughter, and 
the horn and sword of the " Riijh duhh" arc at 
Dunvegan yet. 

This is evifleiitly a jimibling of the clan 
traditions with an Indian story. The Uential 



distinguished him.self greatly in the Indian w ars. 
Bringing in a " bull's head " in a dish for the 
table was practised in Argyleshire (see Lord 
Lome's Highland Tales), and also at Dunvegan 
Castle on the occasion of the slaughter of the 
Campbells by " Ian Dubh." The " horn " 
probably refers to the ancient Celtic drinking 
horn, now preserved in the castle, and the whole 
story is e\'idently founded on a Highland feudal 
tale, set in an eastern setting, with the General 
as hero. 

The above tales vn^y not be of importance in 
themselves, but they show how necessary it is 
to make such collections without delay, as 
everywhere the power of recollecting old things 
is rapidly dying out amongst the peoi)le, and 
with the present generation of old persons nmst 
vanish entirely away. They have the merit, in 
any case, of being genuine productions of the 
people, and not the elaborations of a certain 
class of Highlander who overestimates the 
refinement of his ancestors. 

skvp Loc'Kii.vuT Bogle. 



ONLY A LOUT. 

A Tkue Tale of Sltthekl.indsiiiiie Life. 

By ROUIXA FlXIiLATEK. 



[Continued from pcKjf 19.) 

rT3|HEY came at length in the early morning; 
V^ Major Forest, the clergyman, Mr. 
'^J^ Horstield, — the factor, a man in life's 
prime, — and a young groom leading a horse 
with a side saddle, so confident was her father 
of his fugitive daughters return with him. 
Harry stood pale and for once upright, at the 
door of his hut, while Major Forest advanced 
and called out to him, "Bring forth my 
daughter out here you abominable clown, or I 
will shoot you where you stand." 

Without moving, Harry replied, "Your 
daughter is at liberty to do as she wills, but if 
she says she will x^refer to stay with me, it is 
only over my dead body you will recover her. ' 

Lena now came forward, pale as death, and 
tearful. "Oh! father, why have you come 
after me ? It is too late now to return," and 
she burst into an agony of tears. "I have 
long ago made my choice, blame him not, he 
is good and true." 

"Do not say so," said JMr. Horsfield, the 
factor, coming forward, "this is but the foolish 
escapade of a romantic school-girl. Come, 
dear, come back with your father, and I for 
one will forget this folly and marry you at 
ouce,^or I love every hair of your dear head. 



40 



THE OELtiC MONTHLir. 



^\'ith ample means and so much love in my 
heart, you will not surely say me nay !" 

"I have made my choice, and you of all others 
are the least likely to make nie change my 
mind, for you have been instrumental in 
desolating the strath, and ' The cry of the 
poor enters into the ear of the God of Sabaoth.' 
Where are now all those abodes of peace and 
plenty and piety :■ Levelled to the ground, 
burnt down to tlie dust, at your instigation ! " 

Tears streamed down Mr. Mackay's face as 
he murmui-ed, "Ketributive justice. You have 
got your wish and scattered my poor old flock, 
but now you are paid out. God will not give 
you the desire of your eyes." 

]\Iajor Forest took another view of the 
subject, and exclaimed wrathfully, "No hope, 
no hope of you, Lena, if you cannot appreciate 
such magnanimous devotion as this gentleman 
showers on you. Remain behind with your 
clown, and sink down to his level, but 
remember that not so much as one of your 
slippers shall you ever receive out of your 
father's house." Then turning to Harry, "and 
you, fellow, were more richly dowered with the 
poorest maiden in the place, for she at least 
would bring home a pair of blankets and a 
change of raiment." 

"I am more richly dowered in your daughter's 
love than if she brought me all the wealth of 
the C^ueen of Sheba," replied Harry, as the 
Major rode away in great wrath. Mr. Horstield 
put spurs to his horse in another direction, and 
Lena wept as she gazed after her father's 
retreating figure, and her horse with its empty 
side-saddle going back to the old home she was 
never again to enter. Perhaps at this moment 
she asked herself, was her love worth all this 
parting anguish ! 

Mr. INIackay alone remained a picturescjue 
figure, with his long iron grey curls waving in 
the early morning breeze. 

•' And now let there be no more scandal," 
said Harry, coming forward and addressing 
him. " iMy honoured Master, make us man 
and wife." 

By this time all the milkmaids, awed by the 
presence of Major Forest, gathered to the spot 
where Harry MacLay and Lena Forest were 
united in the holy bonds of matrimony. In 
those days ministers took the law into their 
own hands, and married whomsoever they 
willed, without delay and without any banns 
proclaimed. 

Mr. Mackay then went up to the Ijride, as 
was the custom, and kissed her, saying •■ Poor 
Lena, you hn\e taken your destiny int(j sour 
<j\vn hand, and now mind my words, make the 
l)est of it and good may come in the end out of 
all this discrepancy. Stay here for some days, 



but your husband must return with me al once. 
He must see about getting ready a humble 
home for you. I will send him back to you, 
however, this evening, with materials for 
clothing you in your changed position, and 
you, my young maidens," turning to the milk- 
maids, "you are to help this foolish young 
wife to sew and knit. I will send up a couple 
of cotton dress pieces, some calico and merino. 
As you would wish God to help you, help her 
who has come down to your level for the sake 
of love. Oh, Lena, this is a strange trousseau, 
instead of silk and velvet, your best dress will 
now be a merino, your best bonnet a mutch." 

'■ Who else," e.xelaimed one of the dairymaids, 
" but our own beloved minister would be so 
considerate in trides as much as in great 
things. ^Vith joy we would do your will were 
it disagreeable, but this is a labour of hope and 
gladness." 

Then mounting his horse Mr. ^lackay went 
slowly on, while Harry strode on beside him, 
both keeping silence for a time, when the 
former broke out with ''A great thing has 
happened to you this day, Harry ; only God can 
bring order out of all this seeming confusion " 

"I am asking Him," replied Harry, 'to 
temper my joy. for it is almost more than I can 
bear, but the (!od of my fathers who has 
brought me thus far can enable me to bear 
with due humility the weight of so much 
honour and joy. Indeed the fear of how Lena 
will stand a rougher life already shadows my 
gladness, but God is mighty, and love is 
mighty, and both will conquer in the end." 

"Harry," said Mr. Mackay, "you are a 
gentleman, if not a poet. Are you also a 
Christian, or do you only use the phraseology 
of the advanced life? Have you experienced 
the great change of conversion ! Have you 
found your soul '! ' 

"I have never known of any change in me 
as most professors have experienced, but I 
have never known the time when I did not 
love the Lord with all my heart.' 

The minister nuirmured to himself "I believe 
there are some really born regenerate, and this 
may be one of them. Then there are three 
ways of it — dyed in the wool, dyed in the 
thread, dyed in the web, but the first is best. 
Harry, you are not only a gentleman but you 
are unconsciously a Christian. God forgive 
me, your appointed guide and director, if 
blinded by the systems this has escaped me. 
I have learned nuich from you to-day," and the 
tears rolled down that grand magnanimous 
face. " Some good will come of this unlikely 
union," he continued. 

('/'(/ Oi' concluded.) 




JOHN MACKAY. 
Editoh, Ci-ltie Moitililij. 




MRS. JOHN MACKAY. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY: 

A MAGAZINE FOH HIGHLANDERS. 

Edited by JOHN MACKAY, Glasgow. 



No. 3 Vol. V.] 



DECEMBER, 1896. 



[Price Threepence. 



THE EDITOR. 




)p[P||HE Editor and pro- 
V^ prictor of the Cdtic 
■=^ Montldij, Me. John 
Mack AY, may be aptly 
described as an Argyll and 
Sutherland Highlander, for 
although born in Glasgow in 
186.5, his father, Donald 
Mackay, was a native of 
Strathy, in the Mackay country, and his mother 




a native of Kintyre. It may be mentioned that 
liis grandfather, who only died a few years ago, 
was an eye-witness of the Strathnaver burnings, 
his father being one of the evicted, and gave 
evidence regarding them before the Royal 
Commission in Sutherlandshire. Mr. Mackay 
was educated at Glasgow, and when fifteen 
years of age entered the employment of Messrs. 
J. Hunter i^' Son, Flour Merchants, where we 
still tind him, trusted and respected by his 
employers. As might be expected of one 
brought up in a Highland domestic atmosphere, 
Mr. Mackay's sympathies were distinctly Celtic, 
and when quite young, many articles from his 
[len bearing on Highland matters appeared in 
the Highland press. Having a decided liking 
for natural liistory studies, he formed a large 
and valuable collection of entomological and 
other specimens, and in the course of his 
researches in the Highlands, he added more 
than one species to the 'known fauna of Scotland. 
He was Secretary for several years of the 
Clydesdale Naturalists Society, and contributed 
largely to scientific journals, chieHy on the 
fauna of the Highlands. Some ten years ago 
he became a member of the Glasgow Sutherland- 
shire Association. He took an active part in 
the work of the Association, and was Vice- 
President. Always a keen clansman. Mr. 
Mackay some years ago conceived the idea of 
organizing the clan for purposes of a charitable, 
educational and sentimental nature. After corres- 
]iondihg with that most patriotic of clansmen, Mr. 
John Mackay, Hereford, and others actuated 
with a like desire, a meeting of twelve enthusias- 
tic clansmen was held in Glasgow, when arrange- 
ments were' made to convene a public meeting to 
inaugurate a Clan Society. Nearly two hundred 
Mackays answered the " fiery cross " sent round 
by the subject of our sketch, and a Society was 
started under the most favourable auspices. 
Mr. Mackay was appointed Hon. Secretary, an 
office he has held since that date, and to 
his able guidance the success of that Society is 
largely due. Its membership is now over five 
hundred, while its finances amount to over 



42 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



£1000. In 1890, at a banquet lield in Glasgow, 
Lord Reay, Chief of the Clan, in the name of 
the Clan presented Mr. Mackay with a hand- 
some testimonial and gold badge bearing the 
following inscription — " This gold chain and 
pendant, with a purse of sovereigns, were 
presented to Mr John Mackay, Kingston, 
Glasgow, by the Right Hon. Lord Reay, 
G.C.I.E , oa behalf of the Clan Mackay Society, 
in testimony of their high apjireciation of his 
excellent services as Honorary Secretary, 1S9()." 
It may be added tliat the year just closed is the 
most successful that the Clan Mackay Society 
has experienced. Nor has Mr. Mackay confined 
his services to one Society, we find he was one 
of the original members of the Gaelic Society of 
Glasgow, and has been its Treasurer for some 
years. He is also an active member of the 
Executive of the Mod since its institution, and 
has held the office of President of the 
Glasgow Gaelic Musical Association for the past 
three years. He is at present Chieftain of the 
Govan Highland Association. Being fond of 
out-door exercise Mr. Mackay connected himself 
with the Cowal Shinty Club, and has been its 
President for some years, and is frequently 
found on the field with his caman in hand. A 
Director of the County of Sutherland Associa- 
tion he takes a deep interest in all matters 
relating to that county, where his holidays 



are invariably spent. In this connection it may 
be interesting to add that he, in conjunction 
with his relative the Rev. ,\dam Gunn, M.A., 
of Durness, has been engaged for sometime past 
in the preparation of an exhaustive woik on 
" Sutherland and the Reay Country," which will 
be in the subscribers' hunds by Christmas. 

To Highlanders at home and abroad Mr. 
Mackay is best known as Editor of the Otitic 
Mdiithlii. It reflects great credit on his energy 
and prescience that while previous ventures of a 
similar nature in the Celtic field have failed, the 
Celtic Monthhi has earned a po]inlarity and a 
circulation which no other Highland monthly 
ever enjoyed. 

On the 2.5th September last Mr. Mackay took 
unto himself a helpmeet — Miss Annie MacLean 
Sharp — an accomplished lady of Highland 
parentage, her father being well known in Gaelic 
circles some years ago — and for many years 
chairman of the Gaelic Concerts held in Glasgow 
under the aus]iices of the Comiiim GaidhtaUicli. 
As might be expected the marriage party was 
representative of the Highlanders of Glasgow. 
That he may be long spared to watch over the 
destinies of the Celtic Moiithli/, and develop its 
scope and usefulness, is doubtless the fervent 
wish of the numerous readers of that magazine. 

FlONN. 






MINOR SEPTS OF CLAN CHATTAN. 



By Chakles Fraseu-Mackintosh, F.S.A., Scot. 



The MacGillivrats. — Coutinmd. 



VIII. 



ALEXANDER, the elde.st son, 
rtjl^f succeeded and was extensively 
^^^ engaged, like his uncle, Ca])tai"n 
William and other members of his family, in 
cattle dealing, being known as " Alister Ruadh- 
na-Feille." The reason for his selection by 
Lady Mackintosh to command the Clan Chattan, 
in preference to Duncan Mackinto.sh of Castle 
Leathers, the natural leader failing the Chief, 
has been given. That he was well worthy of 
the honour is uniloubted, and a.s he lived at 
Easter (Jask the tradition that iijany ot tiie mcii 



who fought at Culloden sharpened their swords 
on the singular Druidical standing- stone or slab 
near Easter Gask, deserves some weight. His 
gallant conduct on that fatal daj', and his death 
on the field at the well still bearing his name, 
is well known. It was part of the cruel system 
of the conquerors not to allow the bodies of the 
Highlanders to be carried away for interment by 
their fiiend.s, and con.sequently they were buiied 
in trenches, the green covering of which is still 
to be seen. The ordinary place of sepulture of 
the Dunmaglass family was and is at Dunlichity, 
but Dunmaglass' friends feared the publicity of 
re-interring the leniains so far distant, and buried 
them (juietly at Petty. It is recorded in the 
Farr collection : — 

" In the churchyard of Potty lies the Chief of 
Mac'rillivrays, who wa.s killed at the Battle of 



THE OELTIC MONTHLY. 



43 



Culloden. After the battle, Iiis body with .lO 
others was thrown into a h^rge pit, and so fai- ibd 
the Kind's troops carry their animosity, that for six 
weeks they guarded tlie Geld and would not grant 
the poor consolation to the friends of men who hud 
fought so well, of placing their mangled carcases in 
their family burying jilaces. However, at the end 
of that time, the relations of Dunmaglass dug up 
the pit where his body had been laid, and when 
taken up was perfectly fresh, and the wound which 
was through his heart bled anew. The place they 
had been thrown into being a moss, is supptised t(j 
be the cause of the corpse remaining uncorrupted. 
The interment was private." 

Alexander Mactiiilivray died unmairii'd, Imt 



Mr. I Klin of Nairn in his iutere.stiiij^- his(iii\ dl' 
Xaiiiishiio lately ]iubli^lied, ■say.'i he wa.s i'ii^hl^viI 
to Eli/.aheth Campbell, only cliild of Dinicun 
Oanipbell, eldest sou of Sir Ai'chibald Campbell 
of Chines, and that they met on the morning of 
the battle. That tliey did is hardly likely, 
though it is said that ladii's appeared on the muir 
on horseback early in the day, but tlie engage- 
ment may be true. 

I visited the ruined Chapel of Barevan some 
years ago, ami found Miss ('anipbell's grave, and 
by the kiudjiesa of a good clansman, Mr. 
William Mackintosh, fa-iuei-at Barevan, received 
a copy of the inscri|itio!i, which runs thus: — 




M.iCGII.LIVUAY'S WELL, ANH MOXU.MENT ON CULLODEN FIELD. 



" Under this stone are interred the remains of 
Duncan Campbell of Chinese, and Elizabeth, his 
only child, by Catherine, daughter of John Trotter 
of Morton Hall, Esq. He died, 23rd January, 
17G6, aged 75, and she, 2lJnd August, 1740, aged 
24. D. C. E. C." 

Supposing the story true, she only survived the 
death of her betrothed about four months. Her 
father, Duncan Campbell, was accessory to the 
rising of 1715, and bad to live abroad for several 
years, where he married, his wife dying yotmg 
at Rome. I pos.sess some of Elizabeth's letters, 
written in a beautiful clear hand, of elegant 
diction, showing unusual cleverness and dignity 
in one so young. I give one of them dated 



22nd September, ,1743, whicli will be found very 
interesting, addressed to one of her aunts, who 
has pinned to the letter this memorandum — 
"Betty Campbell dyed the lIHh August, 1746. 
Lady M'Intosh dyed in the year 17.50." 
Probably the date in the inscription, 22nd 
August, 1746, refers to her interment. Lord 
Lovat refers to Elizabeth in a letter to her 
father — " It is only to serve you and Miss 
Campbell, your daughter, whose education should 
now be taken care of, and if she be like her 
mother, or your mother, she will be an honour 
to the family of Calder, and to the name of 
Campbell." 



44 



THE OELTIO MONTHLY 



" Dr. Avint, 

As 1 have been in a surt of a Iwrry 
ever since 1 parted with you, and there was no 
occasion ofl'erd for my writing you, nor had I any- 
thing to say that was of such conseqence as was 
worth while sending a purpose, I hope you'l therefor 
execuse my neglecting it till now, I am just now 
busy paying my visits in this country, for as I have 
fixed the month of October for my going south, i 
have but little time to lose. My father and 1 was 
lately at Kilraick, where we found Lad\' Geddes 
bedfast, and was so most part of the time we stayd. 
I made your compliments and apology to her ; we 
hear that she is now nmch better. I should be 
glad your visiting at Castle Downie and Moyhall 
happened at a time with mine, as I intend being at 
both place soon, for I must make the best use of 
my time I can. But if it was never so short I shall 
endeavour to see you and ask your commands, as it 
was not only my promise, but is mj' inclination. 
When you see Fairfield next, if he talks to you of 
the subject you spoke to me about when last at 
Budgate, which I then told you my plain and 
positive sentiments of (as I did himself before) that 
you might put a stop as soon as possible, to a 
thing it was to no purpose to follow, and which I 
thought was enough to hinder his pursuing or 
entertaining any thoughts of that kind, nor can I 
say anything plainer or stronger ; without being 
rude or uncivil ; which is what I shoud be sorry 
be forced to, as 'tis what I do not incline being to 
any gentleman ; and if he do, let him blame himself 
for I have done all I can to prevent it ; and you 
may assure him from me that be needs never 
expect a better answer from me than what he has 
already got, nor will I ever talk of any particular 
objections, for that would be entering on a subject 
that I would scarce know where to begin or end ; 
so that the sooner he gives over any thoughts of 
that kind, he will certainly find it the better for 
himself— make my compliments acceptable to 
Duncan and believe me to be, 
Dr. Aunt, 
Your all'c. niece, and humbl sert , 

^, Eliz. Cami'i:kll. 

Chines, Sept. 22ad, 174:!," 

"This I hope you'l have occasion to call bein.' 
over cautious (after what I before told you) in 
stopping what is already ended, but there can be 
no harm in what I write to you, so you may make 
what use of it you please. " 

The Mac(Jillivray.s fell in .sc'ore.s at Culloden 
including of officers, at least, one Colonel, our 
Major, two Captains, and one Lieutenant. 

The niismauagemeut oi; the Prince's side was 
dreadful. Although the Camerons were jmt on 
the right, the Macdonalds instead of sulkino- and 
allowing themselves to be shot down, ouf-tit to 
have behaved like Malcolm, 10th MackCitosh 
at Ilarlaw. He was much displeased at beiui^ 
displaced from the right, but iu acceptin"- the 
position ot left, de<>lared he would make the left 
the real right in course of the action, and did so 
fighting with his followers like heroes 

" Wherever Mackintosh sits, th„f is the'liead of 
tlie table. 



Then again the pooi' Mackintoshes were in 
the centre at Culloden, and kept back, notwith- 
stamliiig a galling fire, until in desperation they 
broke forwaitl in fierce charge, too late to be of 
material service ; the commanders well knowing 
that with Ilighlauders, victory only followed an 
eaily and impetuous attack on their part. 

IX. — William MacUillivray, a minor, succeeded 
his brother, Alexander, and to a very embarrassed 
estate. William Mackintosh, younger of Holm, 
took charge, and even a new suit of clothes for 
the boy required grave consideration. He 
afterwards, through the interest of Lady 
Mackintosh, got a Captaincy in the Gordon 
regiment commanded by Colonel Staats Long- 
Morris, and though a vassal, was most meanly 
prevented by the Earl of Moray in 1757 from 
raising, if he could, recruits out of the Lordships 
of Petty and Strathearn. He saw a good deal 
of service at home and abroad, and was a most 
kind-hearted man iu his family. He got Cask 
and Lairgs converted into feu holdings, acquired 
Paillie from Captain Macbean, and the half of 
Inverarnie, originally part of the Kilravock 
estate, but occupied for generations by the 
Macphails. His three brothers, John, Farquhar, 
and Donald had to make their way in the world, 
and the two younger died without issue. John, 
who died at sea in the end of 11S7, amassed a 
considerable fortune, which ultimately fell to 
John the 10th, and set up the family in a strong 
position. Neither of the three sisters, Anne, 
Elizabeth, or Catherine married, the eldest, 
Anne, managing the involved affairs of her 
brother and nephew up to her death in June, 
17911, with great shrewdness and determination. 




( i'o if cuni limed.) 




JOHN GEORGE ERASER. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



l^ 



JOHN GEORGE FRASER, 

ORANGE FREE STATE. 




Trcyfel^^HEN the Cape 
'■M^/> of Good Hope 
V v' became a 
pusi^ei^sioii (if the British 
Crown, and some know- 
ledge of the Dutch 
Colonists and experience 
as to their wants and treatment had been 
gained, it was deemed expedient as a concilia 
torv measure to provide for their spiritual 
welfare liy appointing Ministers amongst them, 
who like them, were both Presbyterian and 
Calvanist, and could therefore be in full 
sympathy with those in regard to matters ol 
religion and education. Scotland was called 
upon to supply this want, and a number of 
M inisters of the Church of Scotland volunteered 
for this important mission. Among the first 
was Rev. Colin Mackenzie Eraser who, after 
passing a period of eighteen months in Holland 
to acquire the Dutch language, was appointed 
Minister of the Dutch Reform Church at 
Beaufort A\'est, in the Cape Colony, which 
position he filled for a jjeriod of forty-six years, 
during which he rendered valuable services 
both to the Church and people of his adoption 
and to the Government. At that place — 
Beaufort West — the subject of our sketch, John 
George Eraser, was born on the 17th December, 
1840. At the age of nearly twelve years he 
was sent to Inverness, where some of his 
fathers relatives still lived, and after four years 
of preliminary studies at the Free Church 
Institution, and full initiation into all that goes 
to foster true love to " Clachuacuddin," he 
entered Marischal and King's Colleges at 
Aberdeen, where he took a course of several 
sessions in Arts and Medicine, returning to the 
Cape in 1861. In 1SG3 Mr. Eraser took up 
his abode in the Orange Eree State, then in its 
infancy, and on the outbreak of hostilities with 
the Basutos, took the field against them as 
Field Cornet of the Philippolis Burgers, and 
secured honourable mention for distinguished 
services durmg the war of 18651866. In 1868 
Mr. Eraser entered the Civil Service of the 
O. E. State, and continued therein for nine 
years, during which he tilled various important 
offices, among which those of Secretary to the 
late President, Sir John Brand. Registrar of 
the High Courts, Secretary to the Volksraad, 
and Mfister of the < 'rphan Chamber. In 1877 
Mr. Eraser having qualified himself for the 
Bar of State, retired from the C'ivil Service, 
receiving the thanks of the Government for his 
meritorious services, and took up legal practice 



in the Capital, which pursuit he still follows. 
In addition thereto, however, he was speedily 
called to take up public interests in pohtical 
life, and has continuously been member of the 
Volksraad since 188(1, during the last sixteen 
years as representative of the Capital City of 
the State, and for twelve consecutive years was 
elected to the Chair of the ^'olk8raad. In his 
political career Mr. Eraser has repeatedly been 
chosen to take a prominent part in various im- 
portant political negotiations, so in 1SS7 he was 
delegate to the Government of the South 
African Republic, to a Conference on matters 
of mutual interest in 1888, he was one of the 
representatives of the Orange Eree State at the 
Conference with the Cape Colony and Natal on 
Customs and Railways in 1889, as delegate to 
the Conference of Potchefstroom, Bloemfontein, 
and Harrismith, which resulted in the Treaties 
of Potchefstroom with the S. A. Republic, the 
Customs Union with the Cape Colony, and the 
Railway Convention with Natal. In 1890 to 
the Convention for extension of Railways to 
the Vaalriver, and in 1895 to the Railway 
Conference at Pretoria. It was therefore not 
to be wondered at that on the resignation of 
President Reitz Mr. Eraser was pressed by the 
most progressive and enlightened section of 
Eree State Burgers to offer himself for election 
to the highest ofBce of the State. Owing, how- 
ever, to the untoward occurrences of January 
last, and the wave of sentiment which was aroused 
thereby, to place a son of the soil in the 
Presidental Chair, Mr. Eraser, although 
acknowledged by his opponents to be the best 
qualified man, was defeated to the regret of all 
well wishers of South Africa. Eortuuately he 
is independent of office, and as he continues to 
champion the cause of true progressive and 
liberal government, and is a strong advocate of 
all measures which contend to promote union 
in South Africa, he will no doubt add still 
further services to his honourable record. 

He maintains his close interest in the country 
of his forefathers by being a member of the 
London Inverness shire Association. 

i,„n,i„ri Donald C. Fr.\ser. 



Mr. Donald C. Fraser, Huu. Treasure!', London 
Inverness-shire Association, has changed his address 
to 271 High Holborn, London, W.C. In this 
connection we may mention that this enterprising 
A.'isooiation is desirous of establishing " a lionie " 
in London for young Invernessians resident there, 
and to supply tlie necessary funds Mr. R. Macleod 
Fraser has ottered a donation of £10 on condition 
tliat other ten gentlemen subscribe equal amounts. 
We understand eight subscriptions have already been 
promised. Who will make the other two? It i.^ a 
most worthy ohject. 



4G 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 




Part VI T. {C,n,i-n,„r,l r,;,,,,, ,„i,ir ?,?,.) 

Battle ok IMalplavuet. — Coidinm-d. 

^jtejp ARSH AL BOUFFLERSnow chai-ed at 
^3fl|& tlie head of the Gens d' arraes, Garde 
■^''^ du Corps, and the Grenadiers a cheval. 
These troops broke through the two first lines 
and threw the third into disorder, wlien his 
small force found itself between a cross iire 
from the infantry. It was charged at the same 
time by a great body of cavalry led by Prince 
Eugene, who was struck by a musket ball 
behind the ear. Advised to retire to have the 
wound dre.ssed, " No," said the gallant Prince, 
"if I am fated to die here, what purpose can it 
serve to dress the wound"? if I survive it will 
be time enough to dress it in the evening." 
He did survive to fight many battles, and 
succeeded in the attack upon the French here 

On the extreme left of the Fiench were 
posted the Irish brigades of Lee and (VBiien, 
with the regiments of Dorrington, O'Donnell, 
and Gal way. On their right were the French 
and Swiss Guards, and those of Bavaria and 
Cologne formed the second line. These 
regiments formed the elite of the infantry of 
Franco. Upon their firmness Villars placed 
his <:hi('f depeiiilence. Against them the Duke 
of Argyll, one of the bravest men of his time, 
led on twenty battalions, who recoiled before 
the impetuous onset of the Irish, but the 
nature of th(! ground upon which tliey fought 
soon divided tlieir ranks and retarded their 



progress. At this moment the allied troojis 
were cheered by the arrival of Marlborough 
upon the scene. Schulemberg at the same 
time pushed the enemy in his front gradually 
into the wood, where the fighting was obscured 
by the thick foliage and dense smoke. 

The troops on the extreme right were also 
animated by the return of Eugene, and ]>ressed 
forward, their efforts being seconded by General 
Withers, the progress of whose divisions 
hastened the retreat of the enemy's left out of 
the wood of Taisniers, and alarmed Villars. 
In the carnage here fell Generals Chemerault 
and Pallavinini Villars soon made a fresh 
disposition, and also formed a corps of twelve 
battalions in two lines at fifty paces from the 
wood. Eugene advanced at this moment at 
the head of five German regiments and opened 
a most destructive fire. The French under 
the immediate direction of Villars charged 
them with the liayonet. In the heat of the 
combat his horse was shot, and immediately 
after another musket ball hit him above the knee, 
compelling him to quit the field in a senseless 
condition. Notwithstanding his loss, the allied 
regiments were driven to the edge of tht^ wood. 

Thus after an obstinate conflict of four hours 
the confederated commanders only obtained 
possession of the intrenchments and wood on 
the French left, but they were now at liberty 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



4t 



to execute tlie ulterior objects of their plans by 
attacking the hostile centre. 

While all this was occurring on the left and 
left centre of the enemy, the Prince of Orange 
and the Earl of Orkney were resting on their 
arms in obedience to the arrangement of the 
preceding evening. They did all they were 
required to do, to keep the French right and centre 
from moving to the aid of the left, for it was to 
his success in that quarter, and the result likely 
to accrue fiom it, that Marlborough mainly 
depended, but the Prince of Orange, weary of 



delay, resolved to attack without awaiting the 
orders of Marlborough or the consent of Marshal 
Count Tilly, his nominal superior. 

On the word to march being given all were 
instantly in motion led on by the eager Prince 
at the head of his nine Dutch battalions, under 
a tremendous shower of grape and musketry. 
He had moved only a short distance when the 
brave General O.venstiern tell dead at his side, 
and several of his attendants dropped as he 
advanced. His own liorse being killed, he 
advanced on foot, and as he passed the opening 




OFFICER OF TUK SCOTS GliEYj 



of the great tlanklug battery, whole ranks were 
swept down, but he reached the intrenchment, 
and, waving his hat, in an instant the breast- 
work was forced at the bayonet's point by the 
Dutch Guards and Highlanders in the Dutch 
service, but before they could deploy they were 
driven back by an impetuous charge made by 
Marshal BoutHers. At this moment the Dutch 
corps under Dohna moved gallantly against 
the battery on the road, penetrated into the 
embrasures and captured some colours, but 



before they reached the front of the breast- 
work they were mowed down by the battery on 
their flank. A dreadful carnage took place in 
this concerted attack. The lines began to 
waver, and recoiled a few ])aces. Deriving 
fresh spirit from the repul.se, the heroic Orange 
rallied his troopis and planted the colours on 
the bank. Foremost amongst the assailants at 
his side was the heir of Athole, the gallant 
Tullibardine, who with his faithful Highland 
brigade had sought honour under the Dutch 



48 



THE CELTIC MONTHLt^. 



1 



flag. Again the onset was renewed. Supported 
by the Dutch and Swiss, the Scottish or High- 
land brigade forced their- waj' to the top of the 
breastwork, but they were in turn chai-ged and 
beaten back, yet for two hours they held the 
works before being driven out. Then through 
an opening made by BoutHers the French 
Grenadiers-a cheval sallied forth upon them 
sword in hand, to be swept away by a withering 
lire as the Scots and Swiss faced about, and 
stood shoulder to shoulder; they then fell back 
leaving 2,000 of their number piled in heaps 
before the French lines, and amongst them the 
gallant Tullibardine, who was slain early in 
the attack. 

Seven battalions of Dutch, who had sought 
to storm the projecting iutrenchment near the 
farm of Bleron, were compelled to relinquish 
a breastwork they had carried. 

DLiring these unequal conflicts and in this 
anxious crisis, Marlborough leaving Lottum to 
continue his successful attack, was hastening 
to remedy the disorder on the left. Meeting 
with a messenger sent for him he galloped to 
the left, joined Prince Eugene and rode 
together to the Prince of Orange. Order was 
soon restored and they prepared to meet the 
French again. 

BoulHers, much reduced by his successful 
resistance to the Prince of Orange, and the 
wthdrawal by Villars of the Irish brigade 
from his centre to the left, now began to 
remove the cannon from the intrenchments in 
his centre. Marlborough perceiving this, 
ordered Orkney to make a decisive ett'ort upon 
these central intrenchments and batteries. 
This gallant General, assisted by llantzau and 
other Generals, advanced. Behind them were 
thirty squadrons of Dutch cavalry, and in the 
rear were the British cavalry, Prussian and 
Hanoverian horse. Orkney advancing in one 
line from left to right at the first onset took 
possession of all the works of the enemy, 
ovcipowering the Bavarian and Cologne Guards 
who were left almost unsupported, in con- 
sequence of the drafts taken to the left wing 
by Villars. Meanwhile the heavy centre 
British battery had been brought forward, 
niid the guns of another battery were also 
rapidly advanced to the right and left, and a 
tremendous cannonade was opened upon the 
linos of the enemy drawn up along the plain 
The French having now fallen back, two 
battalions of Orkney's division turned the left 
fla-ilc of the French and Swiss Guards. At 
this moment the Prince of Oraug -, undisma>-cd 
by his furious repulse, n newed the attack' on 
his side, and the French brigades were driven 
out of their intrenchment. 

{'J'o he cimclmhd.) 



FLORA MACDONALD. 

An Anniversary Sketch of the Jacobite 
Heroine. 



By J. Hajulton IMitchell, L A. 



{Continued fiom pn<je 27.) 

174.5. 

ti!^6vASSING over with a mere reference the 
JjK^ stirring events of the year 174:5 we now 
— ' j find Flora Macdonald appearing in a 
new character. She is now about to burst 
into fame and become the heroine of the 
century. A mouth later Prince Charles 
Edward had landed on the shores of Moidart, 
and Britain was immediately convulsed in a 
civil war. Then followed the brilliant drama, 
beginning in the wilds of Glenfinnan at the 




NEEDLE KOCK. CTIRAINO, SKVE. 

head of Loch Shiel, and ending on the 
disastrous field of CuUoden — 
"Cullodeii! that reeks witli the blood of the brave." 
Character anh Aitearance. 

During all these startling events the subject 
of our sketch was resident at Nuiiton, an 
honoured and welcome guest of Lady Clau- 
ranald. She was then in her twenty-fourth 
year, and in looks as modest and unaffected a 
girl as one could desire to see. In stature she 
was perhaps somewhat under the medium 
height, but her figure was well proportioned 
and graceful. Her eyes were lai-ge and clear, 
and her forehead high and broad. Her mouth 
exhibited that strength of character and firm- 
ness of decision which she possessed in so 
remarkable a degree throughout all her life. 
In complexion she was fair. Notwithstanding 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



49 



all ber subsequent display o{ courage, her 
disposition, as already explaiueJ, was extremely 
mild, and her manner corresponded to her 
temper. There was nothing uufeminine either 
in her form, or iu her behaviour which could 
detract from the charm of her great natural 
vivacity, or give a tone of hardness to her 
strong good sense, her calm judgment and 
power of decision Her voice was sweet and 
low, and the harsher accents of the Scottish 
tongue were not to be detected in her discourse. 
As Bishop Forbes puts it: '■ She talks English 
easily and not at all through the Erse tone." 
In all the varied circumstances of her life she 
manifested a perfect modesty and propriety of 
behaviour coupled with that noble simplicity of 
character which led her to regard with surprise 
the tributes which were afterwards paid to her 
conduct, and to express her conviction that far 
too much value was placed upon what she 
deemed merely an act of common humanity. 

After Ci'li.oi-ien. 

After the fatal Battle of Culloden the unfor- 
tunate Chevalier disbanded the remnant of his 
army and sought refuge in the wilds of the 
north, where for the following five months he 
experienced many vicissitudes of fortune, 
privation, and fatigue. Nine days after the 
defeat of his forces the family at Nunton were 
alarmed by information that he had landed in 
Benbecula, closely pursued by the blood-thirsty 
myrmidons of the savage Cumberland. These 
unprincipled ruffians now guarded every ford 
and searched every suspected quarter in their 
unscrupulous eflorts to capture his jierson. 
The laird of Clanranald, though not actively 
engaged iu the recent insui'rection, was yet 
thoroughly loyal, and resolved instantly to 
assist the Prince. A secret council consisting 
of the principal members of the household was 
accordingly held, at which Flora Jlacdonald 
was present. After due deliberation it was 
resolved to send the Prince by boat to Storno 
way in the hope of immediate escape from 
there to France. The diligence of the military, 
however, was so strict that this was for some 
time found quite impracticable, and for greater 
security Charles was removed to a cave in the 
wilds of Glen Gorradale on the eastern front of 
Hecla and close by the sea,- where he resided 
for several weeks in comparative safety. 

Soon, however, did it become apparent that 
even this wild secluded spot was no safe retreat, 
and some scheme must be devised for Charles' 
escape from the Long Island. The Government 
somehow was apprised of his whereabouts and 
sent more troops and ships to Uist ; the toils 
were now drawing closer round the head of 
the luckless lad, where — 



"' iin 'lills that are by right his ain, 
lii roams a lonely stranger ; 
0.1 ilka hand he's pressed by want, 
0.1 ilka side by danger." 

J'lsL'ape through such a cordon by land and sea 
seemed indeed absolutely hopeless. He (juitted 
his hiding place with all due speed and skirted 
the shore after nightfall iu the hope of obtaining 
refuge in the direction of Loch Boisdale. But 
in vain! his predicament was now so serious 
that he dismissed all his attendants save the 
faithful Captain O'Neil, and travelling overland 
iu the darkness arrived again, after a most 
miraculous escape, in the neigbourhood of his 
former place of seclusion in Hecla. It was at 
this very critical moment that the brave Lady 
Clanranald decided to solicit the aid and 
exercise the ingenuity of Flora Macdonald for 
the relief of the poor wanderer. 




i.oi'u ijorimsk, m<\k 

Flora Maodonalu as a Jacoimte. 

Though imbued with all the J acobite opinions 
of her countrymen,* and desirous of assisting 
so far as lay in her power the unfortunate 
Prince, Flora Macdonald was somewhat startled 
w'hen the proposal to take him to Skye disguised 
in the garb of a female was made to her. 



* It is unnecessary, I think, to make any elaborate 
allusion to the ridiculous etlbrts of some writers 
to dispute this fact. That the heroine was in 
thorough sympathy with the iiohtical asjiira- 
tions of Prince Charles Edward is admitted by 
the best authorities. Browne's "History of 
the Highlands and the Highland Clans," for 
instance, tells us that she "retained her 
• lacobite predilections to the last hour of her 
existence. Thoagh mild in her disposition, 
slie was roused to anger when any attempt was 
made in her hearing to dejireciate the exiled 
family, and nothing offended her so much as 
the absurd appellation of ' Pretender ' applied 
to Prince Charlie and liis father." 

CTo be continued) 



50 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY 



TO CORRESPONDENTS. the Chief, Chiny Macpherson, in the chair, who was 

yill Cnntmuiiicaiions, on litfrnry mid boniness supported by Bailie D. MacphcrsoD, N. C. Macphcr- 

maiti-ra. should i,r aiidresseii tuthf Editor, Mr. .TOHJi gQ,)^ Secretary, Donald Macpherson, Falkirk, Mr. 

3lACKAY,l> nhiihiuuod Drive, (ilnsgow. Macpherson, Edinburgh. C. E. W. Macpherson, etc. 

' ® ' Cluny delivered a very interesting address, touching 

TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.— The CELTIC upon" the question of the Chiefship of Clan Chattan, 

MONTHLY will be sent, post free, to any paH of the which he claimed for his family. He exhibited the 

United Kingdom, Canada, the UnUed States, and aU ancient banner of the Clan and the famous black 

. ■ T n . 1 TT ■ r , chanter, and other relics. Addresses were delivereil 

countries in the Postal union — for one year, 4s. , ,., .,. ,j , i -vt i* 1 1 »«- i 

^ 3 • i~ by B uhe Macpherson and Mr. Donald Macpherson. 

^. .- — - -^ — - —- - - ~- ' - --' ^jj inspiriting poem, " The Upstanding of the Black 

The Celtic Monthly. Rock," was recited by a clansman. Provost Mac- 

DECEMBER 1896 pherson, Kingussie, was unalile to attend through 

^„^ ^^ ^ ^. — - . , ,-...-^,~., , illness. A dance followed, which was well attended. 

co ixTTEiv Ts. Clan Mack.^y Societt.— At a largely attended 

John Macr.w, Mi'for, (with plates) 41 meeting of the Council of the Society in the I'eligious 

JIiNOR Septs of Cl.ix Chattan (illustrated). - ■ 42 Institution Rooms, Mr. Alexander Mackay, Vice- 

.ToHN Geoegb Fraser, (with plate), 4.t President, in the chair, the Secretary and Treasurer 

TuE RofAi. Scots Oreys, Part VII. (illustraterl). 46 submitted provisional reports of the Society's progress 

Flora Macdoxald, (illustrated). 4S during the past year, which shewed that "the session 

To oiR Readerb, - 5ii .^^j,g jj record one in the Society's history. Thirteen 

The Hiom,AXD Sword (illustrated), 51 jjfg „,en^i,grs and a large number of ordinary members 

THE H.oiii-AND MOD AT Pertm, '^^ Bud associatcs were added to the roll ; while the 

ANGA,D,.EALS.VD.,cTnA,CH,(pmepoeu,), . ■ . 65 ;^^^^^^ f^j. „^g amounted to £L^09. The 

AK GAmuEAL ANN-s A BnA,LE-,,HOR, (pn.e poem) . - b ^^j^, ^^^^^^ ^^^^ an. £1037. It has been arranged to 

SiBoEox LiErT.-CoLosFL Roderick Macrae, (with ptate), • 56 v 11 ., , 1 o • 1 /~. .1 • • ii /-. 1 

.„,,,,. .- hold the Annual Social (iathermg m the Grand 

At Twilights HocR, (a poem), - - ■ • - 5, rr n i^t . , -a rpi, 1 1 1 .1 i:- 1, 

Pn.E-Jl.A..oRj.M.vcDo.GALLGiLL.Es, (With portrait). - - 53 Hall. -^VatCTloo Rooms, on Thursday 11th February. 

oxLv A LofT .5s '-'^^ Chief, Lord Reay, G.C I.E., has consented to 

' preside, and distinguished clansmen from all parts of 

OF INTEREST TO SUBSCRIBERS. '''"* kingdom will take part in the proceedings. 
We u:ish to remind those subscribers a-lw hare -not Mr. David Glen, 8 Greensidk Place, Edinburgh, 

already remitted, tluit mbscriptions for Volume V. has just published part 3 of his excellent "Collection 

are now overdue ; and we would esteem it a favour if °^ Ancient Piobaireachd," which contains 15 ot the 

tlteti irniihl uiri' ihis imtft-'i- their immediate dttentiim most famous pibrochs, some now published for the 

Till 1111111111^ sHl.serijifioiis I .'il- post free) sliould be first time. Price is 4;- nett. We heartily recommend 

fonriinlril lit I'lir, h, //„■ Editor, Mr. John Miiebu/, this valuable work to our readers. 
.'' Bbjlhsieiiod Ihin-, (Unsijuir. ANTIQUARIAN Notes: Historical, Genf.alogical 

GRAND CHRISTMAS NUMBER. and Social (second series), Bv Charles Fraseb- 

^, ■ 1 I , ,. , ■ r, ,.,, . Mackintosh, J-.S.A., Scor. — i his most interesting 

Next montb we intend publishing a Grand thristn.as .^j ,.,,„^ye work will be published shortly. It deall 

dumber which, from a 1, erary and artistic point of ^5,1, each of the Inverness-shire parishes in detaU. 

view, will be the most attractive issue of the Celhc including the Island of Skye, and narrates the chief 

yet published ^ e will give p ate portraits, with ^^^^^^ alsociated with each district. The book is a 
sho.t biographical sketches, of Mr. and Mrs. James ^ct mine of interesting facts relating to the 

MacGregor, London ; Captain A. Leith-Hav Maekav tij-«„i„, ij„ n „ m i e t\ \ i. 

1 i c ^Z TT r\ c- L- \ T, J JT.*-' t! , ••,' Macdonalds, Camerons, Macleans of Dochgarroch, 

late of the K. O. Scottish Borderers, and Mr. Roderick Ti/r„„i,; „ tvt i ■ . 1 1 ai r, J 

T, \i ^ ■ -c I .1 ■ ' •'^'- """"^ ILK Mackinnons, Mackintoshes, and Macphersons, and 

Fraser Mackenzie, Fortrose, he winner of the first the other septs of the Clan Chattan, Maceods, 

l'^!?r , \t ^ il '' ^^"^ f. ^n 'V, '■} MacNeills, Fr'asers, Grants, Gordons, etc This is a 

addition to these we will print a complete Highland ^o^k which everv Hi<^hlander should Dossess The 

story by Miss Janet A. M'Culloch ; an article on the 1°, „! il t ^^J "'S'^'ander shoulU possess. 1 le 

.. n> n .il FT 1 1 I! 1 T.V TTT TN , nrst series is now so scarce that a copy usually sells 

"I wo Battles of Inverlochy, by Mr ^y. Drnmmond fo^ GO/-, and the volume now in the i,ress is soon 

None Illustrated mth graphic ml sketches by Mr. jjkely' \o become quite as valuabli A list of 

Loekhart Bogle ; a first rate Gaelic storv bv an ah e i,™:i, .- „-n 1 • . j • .i 1 i .1, 

.,, T 1 , ,. „„ n- ,- T,, . subscribers will be printed in the volume, and those 

writer : il ustrated poems on " The Prince s F ower j„ • • • 1 1 1 j ■ .u • 

, ,, ,„ 1 I, A > >i 1 ' '"'V'-" ^ '"""■ desiring copies should send m their names at once to 

by Mavor Allan, and " A run, by Miss Alice C ti,„ t?,i;.« n u- nr h 1 n m .1 j I^ • 

,i J 11 1 ■ 1 • . .• • { -^^'^^ \ ,■ the Editor, Celiic Monthh/, 9 Blythswood Drive, 

]\Iacdonell, besides interesting instalments of the Glasgow. Price to subscribers only, 2L-; large 

contmued papers, and a variety of readabecontnlm- paper, demy quarto, 31/6. 
tions which cannot fail to delight our readers Jr.. ■ ' \ ' 

1 he spirited verses entitled " Highlanders, by W. 

Celtk; Monthly, Volume IV. — As we are only Drummond Norie, which appeared in a recent issue 

able to supply a few complete bound copies of of the Celtic, have just been set to music asd published 

this volume, some of the parts being already out of by Mr. Robert Buchanan, Jun., 134 Sauchichall 

print, those who desire copies should communicate Street, Glasgow, from whom copies can be had, 

with us at once. The price is 10- post free, and price 2/-. 

copies can now be had from the Editor, Mr. John ii« t 1, r^ ^ \ n 1 -n nr 1 1 1 

ii/r\,i, „ o 01 il ■ J rv • ^^"'""M i'AJ. uoiin jj,. jghti Colqiihoun, Crosshil , M.iybo e, has 

Mackay, 9 Blythswood Drive, Gla3<'ow. 1 1- 1 j ■ 1 1 . j' ^ • -^ ; 

•^ •^ Yc, vj.<v3„un. published in pamphlet form a most spirited poem oa 

Clan Chattan.— This Clan held their first Social " The Battle of Culloden." It may he had irom the 

Gathering in the Queens Rooms on 20th October author, jirice 2'd po-^t free 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



51 




l^l^lllATlb 




by ^.Orummond-Tiorie 

Illustraled by tfic Author 



{(Jontiiiuedfrniii pinji' !35). 

|pI?|HE part j)layed by the claymore iu the 
y^ risings of 1715 and 1745 is so well 
^J* known to readers of Scottish history 
that it is hardly necessary to dwell long upon 
the subject, although it is one of never failing 
interest to the descendants of those brave men 
who through evil and bad repute gave their 
loyal allegiance to the exiled Stuarts, and only 
ceased to support the legitimate dynastj' when 
Culloden's bloody day rendered further resis- 
tance impossible. At Sherii't'muir where the 
young Captain of Clan Ranald, Ailein Muid- 
eartaich, was slain iu the forefront of the 
battle ; at the glorious victory of Prestonpaus 
where Johnny Cope gained for himself so 
unenviable a reputation ; at Falkirk, at Clifton, 
and on Drummossie's fatal moor where, in spite 
of defeat, the Highland clans and their noble 
Piince covered themselves with glory ; the 
claymore (or broadsword, for the terms had at 
this period become synonymous) was the 
weapon with which the greatest execution was 
done. 

We have only to read the contemporary 
accounts of the Battle of Prestonpans to learn 
how eiiticient a weapon the claymore was when 
wielded by the brawny arms of Prince Charlie's 
staunch Highlanders, and how terrified the 
English soldiers were at its effects upon their 
broken ranks. The Chevalier Johnston savs 



that " the cowardice of the English surpassed 
all imagination. They threw down their arms, 
that they might run with more speed, thus 
depriving themselves of the only means they 
had of arresting the vengeance of the High- 
landers. ... I saw a young Highlander, 
scarcely formed, who was presented to the 
Prince as a prodigy, having killed, it was said, 
fourteen of the enemy The Prince asked him 
if this were true "I do not know," replied 
he, " if I killed them, but I brought fourteen 
soldiers to the ground with my broadsword." 
The same writer also states, that although 
many individuals of the Prince's army, notably 
the Macgregors, were armed with " the blades 
of scythes, fastened endlong upon poles,' 
and caused fearful havoc with these improvised 
instruments of warfare : it was the broadsword 
that did the most mischief. " Men's feet and 
hands, and also the feet of horses were severed 
from the limbs by that powerful weapon ; and 
it is a well authenticated fact, that a Highland 
gentleman, after breaking through Murray's 
regiment, gave a grenadier a blow which not 
only severed the arm raised to ward it off, but 
cut the skull an inch deep, so that the man 
immediately died." Over four hundred of the 
Elector's best troops were thus cut down, 
sufficient evidence in itself to prove the 
excellence of the claymore as a weapon. 

At Falkirk although the number of Hano- 
verian soldiers slain was comparatively small, 
the claymore was again successful. It was on 
this occasion that the bard, Doiduw/m Baa nun 
Oraii (Duncan Ban Maclntyre), who had been 
pressed much against his will into the service 
of the Elector as a sulxstitute' for Fletcher of 
Glenorcby, threw away the sword with which 
he had been armed by that gentleman, and 
retired from the field, preferring to be dulibed 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY 



a deserter rather than fight against his Prince 
and fellow-countrymen. He has commemorated 
the incident in a well-known poem entitled 

^^ i'laidlieaiiih Ccainiard U/i/ii/nii an Leisdeir" 

(■'The Sword of the Chief of Fletcher"). 

Alas ! that it should have to be written, 
"Culloden's bloody day" saw "the claymore 
broken in the hands of the brave, ' broken, but 
to the eternal fame of the Highland race, 



not dishonoured. Overvi-helmed by numbers, 
decimated by a galling artillery fire, divided 
by unfortunate dissensions, fatigued by long 
marching and want of food, and woefully mis- 
directed by their leaders, the Highlanders 
were utterly unfit to engage the well disciplined, 
well fed troops of Cumberland, and the 
disasti'ous result was inevitable. Here, as at 
Prestonpans, the claymore did yeoman service, 



r,^ ^ 



A\| mores. 



fi^£ 




lU.'DruTmnotTD TloTie 
"Del. 1896 mm 



i>H..s(.im'TioN OF ■■ HISTORIC l;i..^vmores. 



and many are the instances of individual 
bravery recorded in which this famous weapon 
played its sanguinary part, but all was of no 
avail, the die was cast and the star of the 
Stuarts which for a time had flashed brilliantly 
over the Highland mountains, fell like a meteor 
into the dark blood stained muir of Drummossie, 
whether to rise again, who shall .say ? 

Many claymores are still in existence which 



were, undoubtedly, used ou that fatal day. and 
many more although claimed by their owners 
to have had that honour are not entitled to it. 
A few years ago Lord Archibald Campbell, 
mth true antiquarian instinct, unearthed a 
remarkable assemblage of Culloden claymore 
blades from a garden in Richmond, Surrey. 
These swords had been wrought into the form 
of a railing which had formerly adorned (?) the 



tHlE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



:.3 



grounds of Twickenham House and are said 
to have been brought to England after the 
Disarming Act of 174(1, by Lord Tweedale. 
Several of these blades have the Andrea Ferrara 
mark. 

Another famous weapon associated with 
CuUoden is the tine basket-hilted broadsword 
shown in tig. V2, now in the possession of 
Sir Noel Paton, F.S A., and known as the 
"Keppoch" claymore, fmm the assumption 
that it was used by the MacDonald Chief of 
that ilk in his gallant attempt to lead his clan 
against the English right flank. There is no 
more painful incident in the melancholy history 




of Cullodeu than the Keppoch episode, nor is 
there a sadder spectacle in the whole romantic 
drama of the " Forty Five " than the sight of 
this brave man advancing boldly alone across 
the bullet swept heath, with his good claymore 
in one hand and his pistol in the other, bent 
on sacrificing his life so that he might retrieve 
the honom- of his clan, and uttering that last 
despairing cry, " My God, have the children of 
my tribe forsaken me ! " 

It is scarcely to be wondered at that the 
weapon used by such a man at such a time 
should be an object of veneration, and were the 
sword in the possession of Sir Noel Paton the 
actual weapon worn by Alexander MacDonell 
of Keppoch at Culloden it would undoubtedly 
be a treasure worth the keeping ; but there is 



imfortunately a little doubt i m this point which 
the writer has tried to clear up, and with that 
view communicated with the present represen- 
tatives of the Keppoch family. The following 
extract from Miss MacDonell's letter gives the 
family tradition respecting the weapon in 
<iaestion. " The sword in the possession of 
Sir Noel Paton may have belonged to Alexander 
MacDonell of Keppoch, but cannot possibly be 
the one he used at Culloden ; the latter was 
taken oft' the field of battle by his son, Angus, 
our great-grandfather, while he was closely 
pursued by C'umberland's soldiers. When 
passing near Keppoch he plunhred the sword 
as far as his arm could reach into the moss, 
marking (as he thought) the exact spot; but 
could never after find it. Search was made 
for it most carefully for long after and it was 
never known to have been found, and in such 
a (juiet country place where everything was 
known, it is not likely that a discovery could 
have taken place, and no whisper of its being 
found ever transpiring. It was very richly 
jewelled." Having obtained this interesting 
information the writer submitted it to Sir 
Noel, who very kindly wrote a most courteous 
letter giving his version of the matter. From 
this it ap23ears that the sword was purchased 
by that gentleman at the sale of Mr. W. B. 
Johnstone's (K.S.A.) collection of weapons, etc., 
and although in the sale catalogue it was not 
described as Kejjpoch's sword, Sir Noel states 
that it had always been understood by its 
former owner to be the identical weapon used 
by that chief at C'ulloden. Shortly after it 
passed into the possession of Sir Noel Paton he 
received a message through his brother that an 
illegitimate descendant of Keppoch was in 
a position to identify the sword of his 
ancestor, and promised to call at an early date 
to do so ; this, however, he never did, having 
died suddenly before he could find an 
opportunity. ''I have therefore," writes Sir 
Noel, " no proof beyond the tradition fully 
accepted by Mr. Johnstone, that the sword 
was Kej)pochs." There the matter must 
remain, for there is no actual proof in either 
story, although the family tradition of the 
Keppoch family appears to the writer to be 
the more probable of the two. 

With the 'Forty Five" the history of the 
claymore comes to an end, for from hence- 
forward the musket and the bayonet were to 
take the place of honour in the records of 
Highland military prowess. By a strange 
irony of fate the sons and grandsons of 
Cumberland's victims became the staunchest 
supporters of the Hanoverian throne and bore 
the brunt of many a hard fought tight, in 
which their indomitable courage and gallant 



54 



THE CiaTlC MONTHLY. 



behaviour gained for them a name which 
stands almost unrivalled in the annals of any 
nation. By the side of their old enemies, the 
SdiijInh'iranDearg {Y{&\ Soldiers), ihe F reiceadan 
JJiiblt (Black Watch), and many other splendid 
Highland Regiments have gone forth to death 
and glory ; and although with the e.Kception of 
their officers the Highlanders no longer carry 
the national weapon, they bear within their 
breasts the same intrepid spirit that inspired 
their ancestors in the days of old. (■lanna nan 
Gaiilheal ! Britain has still need of your strong 
arms and stout hearts to fight her battles. 
Make the Highland regiments what they 
should be. Highland in reality as well as in 
name. Your fathers fought in their ranks and 
gained a great name, let it not be said that the 
sons are unworthy of such sires, rather let us 
say with ancient Ossian "Where are our 
fathers, O warriors ! the chiefs of the times of 
old I They have set like stars that have slione, 
we only hear of their praise. But they were 
renowned in their day, the terror of other 
times. Thu.s shall we pass, i) warriors, in the 
day of our fall. Tlien let us be renowned 
when we may : and leave our fame liehind us, 
like the last beams of the sun, wlien he hides 
his red head in the west."* 

* 0.s.si;ui's " Tuiiiora," Bouk I. 
[ Concluded ] 



AN COMUNN GAIDHEALACH. 

THE HIGHLAND MOD AT PERTH. 

ifin.llK Fifth Annual Mud of the Coumnu 
t^ Gaidhealach was held in the City Hall, 
Pei'th, on Friday, 23rd October, 'i he 
weather was pleasant, anil there was a lari;e and 
ii'|irrsentative attendance of Highlanders from all 
parts of Scotlancb In the absence, through illness, 
of tlie I'resident, Mr. John Mackay, C.P^., J.P., 
Hereford, the chair was taken by Dr. MacCircjior, 
ex-M.I'. for Invcrness-shire, one of the Vice- 
President!', and amongst those present M'ere Sir 
Jt.ihrrt I'nilar of Tayside, Provost Uewar, Messrs. 
luxury Whyte iFionn), Malcolm JMacFarlane, 
Alexander Mackenzie, William Mackay, Alexander 
Macbain, M.A., Inverness, John A. Stewart, Local 
Secretary, John Jlaepherson, t'hief Constable, 
Oeorge Mackay, Sanitary Inspector for Perthshire, 
John Campbell, Oban, John Mackay, Celtk iLmihlij, 
Duncan MacGregor of Argask, Peter Macleod, 
Glasgow, John Mackintosh, Secretary, Archibald 
Sinclair, W. Drummond Norie, Dr. II. Cameron 
Gillies, Ian Mackenzie, London, Mrs. Sarah 
Ilobertson Matheson, Messrs. Theodore Napier, 
J. ti. Mackay. C.C., Portree, J. liindsay ^Mackay, 
]\I.A., LL.l!., ,b)hn Whyte, Inverness, .\lexander 
Stewart, Glenlyon, D. A. S. Mackintosh, Archibald 
Ferguson, Neil' Macleod, the Skye Bard, Councillor 
K. MacFarlan, Dumbarton, A. S. Miu-Ibvde, J. P., 



D. Macpherson, Falkirk, Rev. 1{. L. Ritchie, 
Creich, Donald JMackay, Alexander Ross Mackay, 
Alexander Mackay, Edinburgh, Roderick Macleod, 
Inverness, Donald Macleod, M.A., Forfar, James 
Grant, and Dr. Grant, Glasgow, ete.. etc. 

Dr. MacCirogor, in his opening address, referred 
in elocpient tenns to the objects of the Mil, which 
were to encourage the teaching of and fostering a 
love for Gaelic literature and music, and the 
developing of Highland home industries. He 
referred to the antiquity and philological value of 
the language, and advocated that only Gaelic 
speaking teachers sliould be appointed to schools in 
(jaelic districts. I'he clergy were often to blame, 
as many who had been ajjpointed to Gaelic charges, 
on the understanding that they should preach in 
Gaelic, had failed in their duty. If the clergy 
made the service attractive and mtellectual to the 
people they would certainly stay behind to hear a 
sermon in their mother tongue. The learned 
doctor also referred to the various industiies which 
the crofter could cultivate to advantage, urging 
this as an argument why the rural population 
should be retained on the land, and not left to drift 
into the great cities. The address was eloquent 
and earnest, and gave great pleasure to the large 
audience. 

Lrn.K.viiV Co.Mi'Kxmox.s. 

The awards fur the literary cunqietitions were 
tlicn intimated, and are as follow.'^ — 

Ori(;inal Gaelic Poetry — 1. " Cabar-feidli,'' K. 
Fraser Mackenzie, Fortrose ; '2. " Liath Ghiublias,' 
Mrs. K. \\'hyte Grant, Appin. 

Trmislatiou from Gaelic Poetrij into Enijlish — 

1. " Raon Ruairidh," Alexander Stewart, Polmont, 

2. "Jean Reay," Miss Aunie Mackay, (ilasgow 
(Bardess to the Clan Mackay Society). 

Ori/jiiial Gueiic Prose — 1. " I'.ileanach," .Miss C. 
j\I. MacDoiigall, Ardgour ; •>. Duncan MacKac, 
Gairloch, Itoss-shire. 

Essay ou "any Prrthshin- Gaelic P>aiil," — Charles 
M. Robertson, Strathtay. 

Oriyinal Gaelic Sou'j oh the trar of Iiakpeialna-e 
— Alistt-r Miicdouald, Inverness. 

Essaij oil the preservation of the Gaelic — Dr. IL 
Cameron Gillies, London, and Neil Ross, Glendale, 
Skye — equal. 

Best liarmonij of lioh Doiiii Machiii's wot;/ "Is 
trom team an diridh." — 1. Dr. J. Bell, Glasgow : 
2. J. Lindsay Mackay, M.A., LL.B., Glasgow. 

Ihsujn for Memhership Canl—1. Thos. JIaclaren, 
Perth; 2. A. W.Martin, Belfast. 

Gaelk RecitatioH (10 competitors)— 1. Miss M. 
MacEachran, Oban ; 2. Alexmder Macdonald, 
Glasgow. 

Oaelie Readiiuj ('.» eiunpetitirs) — 1. Miss JI. K. 
MacArthur, Campbeltown ; 2. Pipe-Major A. U. 
Macleod, Stirling. 

Musical Co.MrEirrioN.s. 

Juvenile Choral Oi»/;/h'/(7.i'<-hs— Baligarve Clioir, 
Lisniore. 

Jnnior Snti, (female voices)— Miss Mary Black, 
Lismore. Male voices — Henry Wilson, Lisniore. 



THE CELTIO MONTHLY. 



bliond OnnimtiHoi, for Scnh, !■.■,— I. Blind Institute, 
Iiivt'i'ut'ss ; 2. Obaii Uaolic ^lusical Assuciatiini ; 
tJ. Glasgow Gaelic Musical Association. 

Si'iiiar Snlo (female voices) — 1. Miss Isobi'l Muiii-m, 
Glasgow; 2. Miss Lizzie Mackenzie (a blind lady|- 
3. Miss Margaret jMacArthur, Oban. 

Senior Solo (male voices) — 1. William A. Spunci', 
Oban ; 2. and 3. equal — Murdo JMacleod, X. Leitli, 
and James E. Cameron, Cromarty. 

>%>hi SiiuiiiKi, iiitli H'uilihdtd I III rp AccompHuimciif 
—1. Miss M.' A. :Maekeclinie, Oban ; 2. Miss Emily 
Macdonald. 

Open Compeiitionfor Solo Siinjiiui — W. A. Sju/me. 
Oban. 

The prizes were presented to the successful 
competitors by Ur. MacGregor at the close of the 
Mod. 

An adjournment was made during the competi- 
tion, when Lord Provost Dewar entertained loO 
ladies and gentlemen to luncheon in the Salutation 
Hotel, at which toasts were drank and appropriate 
speeches made. 

We were particularly pleased to find so many of 
the contributors to the Celtic Monthlii among the 
prize winners. Indeed, it was the encouragement 
which Mr. R. F. Mackenzie, winner of the first 
prize for Gaelic poetry, received from our publishing 
his recent poems that induced him to compete. 

EvEXlNi. Cuxt'EUT. 

A Grand Gaelic Concert was given in tlie City 
Hall in the evening — the Lord Provost presiding. 
Tlie prize winners and choirs took part in tlie 
jiroceediugs, and were ably assisted by the .'~it. 
Columba Gaelic Choir, Glasgow, conducted by Mi. 
Archibald Ferguson. The C'oneert proved a 
splendid success. 

Mr. J. Lindsay Mackay, M.A., LL.H., ofiiciat.d 
as accompanist at both AIuil and Concert with 
great acceptance. 

Business ^Ieeting. 

The Business Meeting was held immediately 
after the Mod— Mr. William Mackay, Inverness, 
in the chair. On the motion of Mr. John Mackay, 
Clitic Montldy, it was agreed to hold the Mod next 
year at Inverness, and on the motion of Mr. Henry 
Whyte (Fionn) JNIr. Cliailrs I'inser-Mackintosh of 
Drummond was electid I'lvshlint for the ensuing 
year. Mr. Alexander .Macbain was elected a Vice- 
President, and Messrs. William Mackay, Alexander 
Mackenzie, Scottisli, Hiijldaiidcr, Inverness, A. S. 
MacBryde, J. P., John A. Stewart, Perth, and K. 
MacFarlan, Dumbaiton, were added to the execu- 
tive. The other ottice-bearers were re-elected. 

After the concert Dr. MacGregor entertained the 
executive and friends to supper in the Salutatiun 
Hotel, several toasts were proposed, and a very 
pleasant evening was spent. 

All who took part in the Mod at Perth must 
have gone away with the most pleasant recolleetions, 
convinced tluit the Gaelic is by no means the 
decaying; liui^u^i^c many suppose it to be 

It reniauis to lie added that much of the success 
of the meeting was due to the admirable manner ia 
which Dr. MacGregor discharged the duties of the 
chair. 



The following Poem gained first prize at the 
Perth Mod. 

AN GAIDHEAL 'S A DHUTHAICH. 

Le '• Cahau- Feidh " 

(RODEIUCK FuASEU MaCIvENZIE, Foutrose). 



'S I'hada o'n tim dh' fhag mi mo thir, 

Dh" fhalbh mi gu sgitb, bronach ; 

Thriall mi 'th'ir chein, pun charaid, gtin chiul", 

Am breislich 's an eu-dochas ; 

Chain mi mo stk, theich uam mo chail, 

Dona gach la dhomh-sa, 

'S mi airsnealach, truagh, 'seiiladli a' ehuain, 

'N aimsir gu I'uar, reuta. 

RJiinig mi thall, 's ghuil mi gu tioni, 
'Tuireadh nan soim aluinn — 
Cuideachd mo ghaoil, Gaidheal an I'liraoieh, 
An teanntachd fo dhaors' chraitieh, 
ladsan fo smachd — ochan mo chieach! — 
Naimhdean 's luchd-brath laiiidi riu, — 
Le laghannan cearr 'rinneadh le niiiiili, 
Muinntir mo ghn'iidli siiraielit". 

Cliaithris mi dian iuiuadaidh bliadlin', 

'Feilheamh ri sgial labhoir 

'Thigh'nn thar an t-shW a duthaicL nan I'ird 

'S nan coireaehan bliitli', aillidh : 

Thiiinig fadheuidh naigheachd a' in' ehnir 

A chuir onn jin'MS iiraid — 

Gaisgich nan gleann 'togail an eeann 

'S 'briseadh nam I'ang tliAireil. 

Caiiain is briagh "g iirariiailii luiailli, 

Giiidhlig 'bha riamh eliiiiteiieh. 

Curaidhean coir 'cumail oirr' doigli, 

Sean agus 6g fiiighail ; 

Canain 'tha blasd', canaiu "tha glan, 

Canain 'tha scan, siiibhlach, 

Canain mo shluaigh, canain 'bhios bu.iu, 

Canain 'bha uair ciiirteil. 

Sin an sgeiil grinn 'llioilich mo cliridli' 
'S ghluais mi gu seinn nraiii. 
Leum mi gu h-ard, ealainh air lar, 
't?easamh air b.'irr m' ordaig ; 
Thog mi mo gliutli, fonnmhor, neo thiugh, 
Thre'ig gach leann dubh 's bn'm mi, 
Thug mi 's an am car air an danns, 
'S na 'm biodh ann dram, dh' ulaiim. 

Mo mhiann sa blii 'n driisd an diitliaieh mo 

ghraidh, 
'Ga eobhair gu ard-shaorsa, 
Ma dh' fhuil'geas mo shiaint, 'gu'n triall mi gun 

dail 
Gil fearann a's fearr daoine ; 
Mo chridhe, bi calm', gun eagal roimh stoirm, 
'S mi 'tilleadh gu Alb' chraobhaich ; 
Giis an teid mi 's an uaigli 's i 'n t'lr ud mo hiaidh- 
Biodh oirre deadh bhuaidh daonnan 1 



56 



TIlE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



The following Poem gained second prize at the 
Perth Mod. 



AN GAIDHEAL ANNS A' BHAILE-MHOR. 



SURGEON LIEUTENANT-COLON^L 
RODERICK MACRAE. 



Le " LiATH Ghiubha.s" 
(Mrs. K. Wuyte Grant, Rosebank, Ai'I'in). 



Bha mi 'siubhal gun aire air sr^idean a' bhaile 

Gun charaid, gun chii, no fear-eblais ; 
Cha 'n fhaca 's cha chiiala mi ni 'Ijlia mu 'a cuairt 
domh, 
'S mo smuaintean 'an gleannan an smeoraich : 
Ach dh' liirich mar dhoinionn an ceol air mo cliluais- 
sa 
A dh' fhaisg mi le mulad is solas ; 
An sgal ud gach cuisle a'ni fhebil chuir air ghluasad 
'8 bha mi 'm priobadh an Ut'ithaich nam mur- 
bheann 

Mo chas sheas a ris air an fhraocb, 
Le bruachan a ghlinn air gach taobh ; 
Aig fois air naraointean bha caoirich 's crodh-laoigh 
'S thainig fi'iile a ghiuthais 's a ghaoith ; 
Ceijl muladach, e'ibhinn na Piob, 
Cebl iolhigach, deurach mo Th'ir ; 
Tha anail nam beann, 
Tha tuiltean nan gleann 
Anns a'chebl so a's binn' air an t-saoghal ! 

Ach b'e m' ionndrainn a chumhnuidh air madiiiiiii 
Di-Diimhnuich 
An clachan beag boidheach a dh' fhag mi ; 
Cha chluinnear ach Beurla le sgiolam a' taumadh, 

Is aodann cha tionndaidh le bkigh rium ; 
Ach chuala mi naigheachd an raoir air mo thurus, 

A thanniing do 'n chaibeal gun di'iil mi ; 
Gach fadal a leir mi ghrad theich aig an dorus, 
Oir dli' uirich am moladh an Gilidhlig : 

Bha mis' ann an Diithaich an fhraoich, 
Le cairdean mo ghaoil air gach taobh, 
Bha ceilear na gaoith', agus luasgadh nan craobh 
A' tighinn tharam, le cronan a' chaoil ! 
Cainnt fhinealta nasal mo Thir, 
Mar chlaidheamh dafhaobhir do 'ii chridh'; 
Tha doinionn an t-sluibh, 
Tha torrunn nan speur 
Anns a' chanain so 's grinn' au- an t-saoghal ! 

Thus', a ghaoith a th' aig saorsa, thoir uani do 'u 
taobh-tuath leat 
Mo ghaol is mo bheannachd an trath so ; 
Air mo dhaoine 's a chaolghleann, an duthaich nam 
fuar bheann, 
Air lagain 's air cluaintean cuir failte, 
Is abair an cagar ri beinn ud mu chridhe, 

'Bha caomh learn mar bhroilleaah mo mhkthar, 
Am b:\s, mar am bheatha, gu 'n tionndaidh mi rithe 
'S b'e mo mhiann dol a chadal 'na sgjiile. 

Mo bheannachd air Diithaich an fhraoicli ! 
Air bealaichean boidheach nan craobh ! 
Am barrach 'a an calltuinn a' falach nan allt, 
Agus stiican an daraich r' an taobh ! 

Gu'n robh torradh, is pailteas, is buaidh 
Air a i>!<v, aig a feudail, 's a slnagh ! 
Tir I'llninn nan sonn 
Nan stuadh-bheann 'a nan tonn, 
An Diithaich a's Ijoidhch' air an t-saoghal ! 





J^lURGEON LIEU- 
TENANT-COLONEL 
RODERICK MAC- 
RAE, whose portrait we 
jiresent this month, is a native 
of the parish of I.ochalsh in 
Ross-sliire. He is a son of 
the Uto iMr. John Macrae of Braintra in tliat 
parish, and is a member of the Torlysich branch 
of the clan, being great-great-grandson of 
Maurice Macrae of Torlysich in Kintail, whose 
two brothers were killed at Sherirt'muir in 1715. 
Not only does Dr. Macrae belong to one of the 
principal families of his own clan, he is likewise 
descended from King Edward III. of England 
and King Robert Bruce of Scotland, through the 
Mackenzies of Kintail. Having received hia 




SURGEON LIEUT.-COLONEL RODERICK MACRAE. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



early education at tlic lluyal Aeailoiny, 
Inverness, Dr. Macrae procceJed to Edinburgh 
University, whero he graduated ^LB. and C iNl. 
with distinction, in 1874. Shortly afterwards 
he competed for the Indian JMedical Service, 
and having olitained a high place on the list and 
gone through the usual course of training at 
Netley, he went out to India in 1875. For 
sometime he was resident Surgeon at the Calcutta 
General Hospital, and was then on military 
service with various regiments for a period of 
eight years. These (Mght years included over 
two-and-a-half years of Field service during both 
phases of the Afghan War in 1878-1880. Most 
of this service was with the Prince of Wales's 
Own Ghoorkhas, and at the close of tlie war he 
received the medal with the clasp for the relief 
of Sherpur, and was promoted to a special start' 
appointment f<.>r " excellent services in the 
Field." 

Shortly after the war, I'r. Macrae, tinding 
militar}' service in time of peace of rather 
limited scope for his energies, entered into civil 
emjiloyment under the Bengal Government. In 
that capacity he has filled various posts, 
including an appointment at the Medical 
College, Calcutta, and the medical charge of 
several districts. 

At the present time I)r. Macrae is chief 
medical otiicer of the district of (laya in the 
Province of Behar. The duties of tlie chief 
medical officer of an Indian district are both 
varied and numerous, administrative as well as 
executive, and include membership of every 
Board and Council in the district. 'J he hospital 
at Gaya is a very large one, and here Dr. 
Macrae devotes a great part of his sp.tre time to 
the practice of surgery. His ovvn speciality is 
the eye, but his work, however, has not lieen 
limited to surgery. He has given much attention 
to the subject of cholera, and was the first to put 
to a practical test Professor Hafl'kine's new system 
of cholera innoculation. So successful did this 
experiment prove during a severe outbreak of 
cholera in Gaya jail, that on receiving Dr. Mac- 
rae's report the Bengal Government issued orders 
directing this practice to be adopted in future in 
the event of a similar outbreak in any other jail 
in Bengal. He is also the author of several 
contributions to current literature on surgical 
and medical subjects, including an interesting 
pamphlet on " Flies and Cholera Diffusion." 

Though Dr. Macrae is now in civil employ- 
ment, his military ardour is as keen as ever, and 
he holds a commission as Lieutenant in the 
Behar Light Horse, a volunteer corps composed 
entirely of gentlemen, chiefly Government 
officials and planters. He is a man of comman- 
ding and soldiery presence, and whether in 
uniform or Highland costume is as good a speci- 



men of the Highland soldier as the British Army 
can product'. Though most of the years of his 
manhood have been spent in India, he has never 
lo.st touch with his native country, which he 
omits no opportunity of visiting. In all respects 
then, he is a worthy Highlander, and as he is still 
in the hey-day of his prime we hope that further 
successes and honours await him in the profession 
which he has already done so much to adorn. 



AT TWILIGHT'S HOUR. 

In Arerdeenshikk. 



The snow-clad hills shine in the deepening gloaming. 
Ghost-like and weird, with dusky shades between. 

Ridge upon ridge they rise, like giant billows foaming 
Gn some mysterious coast by mortal eye imseen. 

No sunset tints are here, no fading splendour, 
Only the clear, chill darkness and the snow, 

And the deep star-lit sky, serene and tender. 
Meet canopy for the white world below. 

By no tierce blast the sombre pines are shaken, 
Stirless the rusting reeds beside the stream. 

No pulse of nature beats, earth may not waken, 
Till Sol's soft kiss shall break her icy dream. 

Across the solemn hush like phantoms fleeting. 
Sweep the great tawny uwls on noiseless wings. 

Like spirits of the night they come, completing 
The eerie charm that binds all earthly things. 

And strange, sweet yearning, stirs the heart's 
recesses, 

With thoughts too deep for words, too sad for tears, 
Soothing earth's petty cares, life's sore distresses. 

Waking the echoes of the vanished years. 

'Tis nature's soul that to our souls is pleading, 
For love's wide charity, for hope's sweet balm, 

Bringing the strength, the light our hearts are 
needing. 
Borne to ns on its wordless, voiceless psalm. 

Janet A. M'Culloi'h. 



The Gaelic Society of London held their Annual 
Concert in the Queen's Hall on liiilh October. The 
large hall was filled to overtlowing, the audience 
numbering over 2000. Mr. John Mackay , C.E., J.P. , 
Hereford, the distinguished Chief of the Society, was 
unable to attend owing to illness. Miss Jessie N. 
Maclachlan and Mrs. Munro, Strathpefler, were the 
leading artistes, and received an ovation. The whole 
proceedings passed oti' with great eclat, and this 
nourishing Society will be able to devote the large 
surplus to provide prizes for teaching Gaelic in the 
elementary schools of the Highlands. 

The Skte Gathering takes place in the Queen's 
Rooms on ilth December— Mr. Neil J. D. Kennedy, 
M.A., in the chair. Colonel Macdonald Williamson 
also delivers an address. 



58 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



PIPE-MAJOR J. MACDOUGALL GILLIES. 




)p|n||HERE are few pipers better known, and 
yfv' certainly none more highly respected l>y 
'-'^*^ their countrymen, than Pipe- Major .1. 



]\Iacdougall Gillies. He comes of the tilendarufl 
branch of the clan, and was taught pibroch 
])laying by Alexander Cameron, son of Donald 
Cameron, who was considered the greatest 
authority on pinbaireachd of his generation. 
Piper Gillies holds the gold medals of the 
Northern Meeting, Argyllshire Gathering, 
Glasgow Celtic Society, Glasgow Exhibition, 
Aberdeen Highland Association, and a host of 
other meetings, and has also won sets of pipes 
at the Northern Meeting and Edinburgh High 
land Society. In 1S84 he won the champion gold 
medal for pibroch at the Argyllshire Gathering, 
and this year carried ofl' a similar trophy at the 
Northern Meeting. This season he has won 
fourteen first prizes for pibroch playing alone ; 
and was also successful in carrying ofl" the gold 
medal for the best rendering of the MacFarlane 
pibrocli Tlingail nam bo t/ieid sin. He was piper 
to the Maiquess of Breadalbane, and is now 
Pipe-Major of the 1st V. B. Highland Light 
Infantry, and piper to the Clan Chattan 
Association. Those who know the Pipe Major 
respect him for his many excellent qualities, 
and among his fellow pipers there is no man 
more popular. Editor. 

"The London Scot,"' edited by Mr. T. D. Macdonakl, 
a gentleman well known as a contributor to our 
cobinms, has just been started, and the first issues 
contain a great amoimt of interesting information, 
which promise well for the future success of the 
p;ip<T. 



ONLY A LOUT. 

A TKUE Tale Ol" riUTHEUL.VNPSHIRE LlEE. 

By Rop.tna Findi.ateij. 

{Cmitiinied /ruin jxiye 40.) 
^'ITH the strength of God as his 
shield what may not a man 
become? The girl might have 
done worse. She will be to you a sacred 
charge, you can live up to her level. But 
though now on the heights where I would 
fain dwell longer, we are nearing home and 
must descend to common place things. Here 
are £10, you have seven of this sum in my 
hands, I add other three. You go to the 
shop, buy two cotton dresses, twenty yards 
calico, a merino dress, strong shoes, and 
a quantity of yarn for stockings, and I'll 
warrant you the dairymaids will soon order 
aright this material. You must just mend up 
the barn on the other side of the Glebe and 
fui-nish it as best you can with the rest of the 
money. Let the fragrant heather be your 
couch till the winter comes, and you can earn 
more money to furnish with, and Harry, tr\' 
to carry yourself better ; we are all soldiers of 
the Cross, which ought to give suitable dignity to 
our bearing," and with the fine bearing of a 
soldier the good old man turned up the road 
leading to the manse, to that manse where rich 
and poor were always hospitably entertained, 
and where his practical wife did the honours 
of the house to perfection. And now as evening 
came on Harry had scarce returned to the 
shelling with his parcels when a band of young 
men headed by a piper were seen advancing 
from another direction. A merry little maid 
had run down the glen with the news. 

" We will not let this event pass unnoticed " 
said all the young men of the district, "she has 
come down from her station to be one of us and we 
must honour her with mirth and dance." The 
little milkmaid knew it would be so when she 
hastened down the hill with her tidings. A 
scene long to be remembered was that mid- 
summer evening's unpremeditated festivity. 
The lovely firth, the shining sands, the ocean 
beyond, and the glen below, while up Ben 
Loyal came out maidens from their several 
bothies, full of mirth and laughter, others 
singing as they milked their cows till silenced 
by the sound of the bagpipes as they approached 
playing that lovely air "The glen is mine." 
A scene indeed not to )je surpassed for pastoral 
beauty, for mirth and for gladness 

We will now pay a visit to Lena in her 
humble 'butt and-ben." She has adopted the 
dress of her peasant station, even on Sundays 
instead of a bonnet she wore the mutch of the 
Sutherland peasant woman with the bannag fa 



THE OELTIO MONTHLY. 



band of white liuen) across the forelioail, wliicb 
only a virtuous wife can wear. 

\Ve do not condone the conduct of this 
young lady who was, doubtless, a cause of much 
sorrow to her own family, but having taken the 
position she did we do admire the way in 
which she made the best of it. 

But though she adopted the peasant's dress 
and spoke CJaelic only, she fulfilled all the 
duties of her changed position with dignity 
and discretion. Harry never permitted her to 
wash, having engaged the faithful Isabel for 
that duty regularly, nor did she even black his 
shoes as he m variably took that duty upon 
himself. Her adopting his language was also 
one of her wisest measures, as he spoke Gaelic 
beautifully, though he seemed ignorant and ill 
at ease whenever he attempted to speak 
English. She knitted, and spun, and teased 
wool, which latter work is said to be a very 
soothing employment, if not even a developer of 
thoughtfulness. But we think that it is the 
supreme monotony of it that rouses into action 
the latent powers, as if they rose to assert 
themselves, saying "anythingis better than this." 
Anyhow, in more recent times I knew a case in 
point. The widow of a very distinguished 
literary man considering her second son dull 
and common place bound him to a wool stapler, 
he having, as she thought, no talent to warrant 
her giving him a classical education. In order 
to know practically the details of the business, 
he had to learn h(jw to tease wool. He had not, 
however, been long thus employed, when, in his 
mother's language, he felt his soul come to him. 
He threw up his employment, went to College, 
and has been for many years a most creditable 
Professor in a well-known College. So much 
for wool teasing. But to return to our young 
friends. Harry remained for four years plough- 
man of the Manse Glebe. If Lena repented of 
her marriage she never said so, though, doubt- 
less, she had her bitter moments as she became 
quite an outcast from her family, her sisters 
having married in their own sphere. Nor did the 
minister's wife ever come to her either. It 
was otherwise, however, with good Mr. Maekay, 
he often visited her and, doubtless, helped to keep 
her spirits up with bis wise and holy counsels. 
He would say " there is nothing like practical 
work for developing all that is best in woman. 
I have ordered some fleeces of wool to be sent 
to you, my dear. Be spinning yarn and teasing 
wool, and each stejj you win through your own 
exertions is most healthful to the spirit as well 
as helpful to the household." 

"Yes," replied Lena, '-I always liked work, 
there is a ti-mi jinna feel about the practical, 
though it were only darning a stocking, that 
makes one feel very virtuous " 



However tired Harry was when ho retiuiied 
from his work he never omitted family worship, 
and, doubtless, this educated and blessed theui 
both. They never had any family, nor seemed 
to miss this slight of nature. They were all in 
all to each other. 

But a change for the better, materially, was 
soon to come to them. 

" You think me hard because I have never 
gone to see Lena," said the clergyman's wife to 
her husband, " but I should be quite at sea 
with anyone capable of such a departure. 1 
have, however, done better than this, I have 
here a promise from the THichess that Harry 
will be forester when those new people come to 
the shooting. Lena is to take charge of the 
Lodge in their absence, and well will it become 
her, as I understand she is a capital manager, 
even on those limited means." 

"Oh, my dear," Mr. Maekay replied, quick of 
speech and warm of heart, " who would have 
thought you were intriguing in this direction : 
you are a splendid woman." "Splendid 
woman ! " she cried, '' you think more of this 
small bit of disinterestedness than of my 
keeping the most elegant establishment in all 
the country side. For this I have never got 
one word of encouragement from you save 
when you bring here all sorts from the high- 
ways and hedges." '■ Splendid woman to be 
sure ! " said she playfully, tapping his hand, 
" I would rescue Lena from what appears to 
me an awful destiny, that of sinking down 
irretrievably in the social scale." " We do not 
know what her inner struggles have been, and 
Lena has not really sunk. No circumstance is 
adverse that helps growth, and she has grown, 
developed into an industrious woman, serving 
God with a 'quiet mind,' living quite above the 
luxuries of this life. Her face is a poem." 'It 
strikes me, " she said "it will be much more 
poetical to see her better off with two cows to 
milk, a little maid-servant, hens and ducks ad 
/i/iitiim, and Harry earning good wages in a 
position of trust. Next week they are expected 
to go to the Lodge, and live there till the 
people arrive, and they have the little cottage 
beside for their own selves." 

" How good is God," said the minister, " His 
appointments tit so well, I see His hand in all 
that happens. With this conception of life 
there is a freshness that keeps the spirit ever 
green, taking even adversity as the earth takes 
in the showers of rain to refresh and beautify 
it. The hand of the Lord is in everything." 



"A most interesting face," mused Mr. Maekay 
as he sat in his study, " she must needs come to 
me, perhaps I have a message for her." 



fiO 



THE OELTIO MONTHLY. 



The clergyman bad been preachiug in a very 
searching manner, and the stranger lady whose 
husband had taken the shooting lost not a 
word of his teaching. 

"I must go to him," she said to herself, so Mr. 
Mackay looking out of his study window one 
day saw a lady on horseback coming up to the 
manse. Tell John, said he to the housemaid, 
to take this lady's horse, I will go myself to 
meet her. Mrs Wright looked timid at tirst, 
but seeing the old Saint standing in the porch 
smiling to receive her she quickly advanced 
"Come in thou blessed of the Lord," said he, 
and led her into his study. 

"Why," said she after being seated for a 
little, '■ do I take things so seriously. Others 
sail quietly into port while all ' His waves and 
His billows pass over me.' '' 

" Preserved by their slightness perhaps," he 
rephed. 'I have seen those lovely fragile shells 
washed ashore quite safely, while larger and 
stronger ones were knocked into shivers against 
the rocks, but I have also seen these hxtter 
gathered and ground deiwn into 'chosen 
vessels ' in the potter's hands, or to change 
the simile a little, I do believe we require the 
friction of life and of trouble to bring out our 
colouring, as some foreign shells need to be 
rubbed with acids, after which they glow and 
gleam with all the colours of the rainbow. 
You would rather be the glowing shell, a thing 
of beauty, than have all your colours dim or 
hid by escaping this friction of trouble. Better 
to reflect the rays of God's glory in our souls 
than lie dead and unused in his service " 

We will, however, draw a veil over the 
converse of these two on the high things of 
God, for they seemed in the very presence of 
God, which can be felt but not described. 

Suffice it to say that it was a radient if 
tearful face that Mrs. Wright showed as 
she quietly departed from that ever to be 
remembered interview. I once had a friend 
who, after seven years of mental anguish, found 
repose for her spirit. One day she said to me, 
" it is a long way ofl', but I should like to take 
you to the very spot where, as I sat in despair, 
I found my soul as light streamed in upon it." 

And Mrs. Wright never looked up to that 
study window after without a strong tide of 
emotion. 

It was into the service of this God enlightened 
woman that Lena now entered, and a friend- 
ship arose between the two women that became 
a well of joy to both. 

"Lena, my friend, not my servant, I need 
you, I know your history and feel strongly how 
courageous you have been. You are high 
above me, for you were true to love while I was 
false, for I loved one and married another. I 



did love my hustiand, though perhaps this has 
led me to tind a higher love." 

" Nevertheless," said Lena, breaking down 
from her usual reserve and composure, "I never 
would advise any other one to do as I have 
done, for few men are worth it, and even with 
all my husband's devotion to me there were 
awful periods of isolation from my own class 
and a narrowing of the walls around me that 
threatened at times to crush me, but now I am 
set free through the glorious liberty I find in 
your friendship. I sometimes think friendship 
is higher than love, at least there are some and 
I am one of them to whom the love of man is 
inadequate without the love of a woman who 
understands one also. Love me on then, dear, 
I need it," and the two spirits mingled in a 
friendship that was altogether full of growth 
and light. Thus poetry and joy came into 
Lena's life. She was in love again, but it was 
with another woman. ''I could kiss her shadow 
before she enters. A great joy has come to 
me. This is more to me than children are to 
other women. When she is here I delight in 
her, and when she is away I live in her. We 
also love one another in the Lord. Truly love 
is life." Harry and his wife thus lived among 
the hills until middle life, when their friends 
enabled them to take a hotel among beautiful 
scenery much frequented by interesting 
travellers. As to the way in which this hotel 
was kept it was nothing short of ideal. While 
high-class travellers were refreshed, no undue 
drink was allowed to rich or poor, and 
Harry seeing the district around required a 
clergyman gave £50 himself, and gathered 
some hundreds for a church to be built. He 
also influenced a rich old Nabob to endow it, 
and a settled ministry was thus ensured. Lena 
kept in the background, made up the bills in 
an elegant lady's hand-writing, but was never 
publicly seen though she moved all the 
sjirings of action. Though now a rich woman 
comparitively, and with plenty of service at 
hand, she always would milk her own cows and 
seemed to love to be much with them, hence 
some said this accounted for her extremely 
youthful appearance when in middle life. 
Happy, useful and respected this worthy pair 
lived till old age obliged them to retire to a 
small farm. Harry never altogether lost his 
clownish appearance, but he ever remained a 
gentleman at heart, and his simple and 
unconscious nature gave him a power he was 
altogether ignorant of. Lena's family at length 
recognized them, and she died soon after, her 
good husband, much respected as a Christian 
and a gentlewoman. 

[Concluded ] 




GEORGE MACGREGOR. 




MRS GEORGE MACGREGOR. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY 

A MAGAZINE FOR HIGHUNDERS. 

Edited by JOHN MACKAY, Glasgow. 



No. 4 Vol. V.] 



JANUARY, 1807 



[Price Threepence. 




GEORGE MACGREGOR, LONDON. 

^jgspANY dis- 
^Hgp tinguishcd 
'^''^ represen- 
tatives of the ancieut 
Clan Gregor have 
appeared in our 
"Portrait Gallery," 
and we have this 
month great pleas- 
ure in presenting 
our readers with the 
likeness of another notable clansman — a worthy 
member of a respected family. Jlr. George 
Macgregor is a native of Duthil, Inverness-shire, 
his father and uncles being well known in that 
district some years ago as the "Duthil men." 
Like many another young and energetic High- 
lander desirous of improving his fortune, Mr. 
Macgregor, twenty years ago, went to London 
Town, where after a few years of office work he 
started on his own account as an Insurance 
Broker, and soon established a successful 
business, having connections in America, 
Australia, and South Africa 

A great part of Mr. Macgregor's time 
is devoted to church work On going to 
London he first joined the Islington Presby- 
terian Church (Rev. Dr Davidson), where he 
actively identified himself with various organi- 
zations, such as the Literary Society, Sunday 
School, etc. Ten years ago he connected 
himself with the Crouch Hill Presbyterian 
Church, one of the most important congrega- 
tions in the north of London, and whose 
minister, the Rev. J. B. Meharry, B A., is one 
of the most popular preachers in the district. 
Here the subject of our sketch tinds ample 
opportunity for useful work, and was chairman 
of managers of the congregation, and of the 



church service committee, as well as au official 
of various other church bodies. 

Mr. Macgregor is fond of out-door exercises, 
particularly cricket, which he plays regularly, 
and has for ten years acted as Treasurer for 
the Highgate Cricket Club. In politics he is a 
staunch Conservative. Five years ago he 
married Miss Flossie Kemsley, eldest daughter 
of the late Sir. John Hegarty of Londonderry, 
and has two children. 

Although so long absent from bis native 
land, Mr. Macgregor has always taken a keen 
interest in matters affecting the well-being of 
his fellow-countrymen; and for many years has 
been a member of that excellent organization, 
the Clan Gregor Society. 

Eurioi;. 



FAR AWAY. 



(See " LoNii Ai 



in October Number. 



In the s[iring time uf my life. 

When upon the heart of day 
Thrilled the boom of battle -strife 

Far away, 
Was it you, dear, lit mine eyes 
With fair dreams of Paradise .' 

Ere our feet had known the strand 
Where the shades of sorrow lay, 
Ere we left that meadow-land 

Far away. 
Was it I who tilled your hours 
With those dreams of Eden lowers! 

On the springtime of our years 

Twilight sett'es calm and grey, 
Gone are all its joys and tears, 

Far away ; 
And the dreams that moved us then 
We may never dream again. 

WlLl.LlM Mai KE^/ilE. 



02 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



>v-«x!^^>.=^ 




The Mac Gillivbays. — Con tin ued. 

fp^jROM Captain MacGillivray's numerous 
3I/ letters I select two as specimens, both 
-k'.i being- addressed to Provost Joiiu Mac- 
kintosh of Inverness. 

"London, Feby IGtli, 177i». 
D. Sir, 

I wish yon joy, nay double joy, both on 
account of your marriage with my cousin, Miss 
Mackintosh. Aberarder, and the addition she has 
made to your family. She was but a child when I 
left the country, but promised a great deal of 
sweetness of temper, a very necessary ingredient 
in the matrimonial state ; and I know your own 
disposition so well, that 1 cannot hesitate to 
jironounce you a happy couple. I flattered myself 
that I would have the pleasure of seeing your 
happiness, but my fortune seems now to place that 
at a distance, as I expect to return soon to Georgia, 
to recover as much of my property as possible. I 
hope it is by this time in the hands of tlie King's 
troops, witliout which I have no business there, as 
1 am under sentence of death should they catch me. 
Please to remember me most affectionately to Mrs. 
Mackintosh, your sisters and brother-in-law, and 
believe me to be sincerely, 

D. Sir, 
Your friend and humble Servt, 

(Signed) Will McGillivrav." 
'' D. Sir, 

Tho' J hear but seldom from your 
uartor, yet you and all my friends are as near my 
eart as ever, and every favourable account warms 



my heart with joy. But the present occasion of 
my writing you is of a different nature, and tho' 
expected, distressing, and must be felt like every- 
thing of the kind for a length of time. I mean my 
good sister Katy's death. She deserved well of 
me, and everybody. Her change must be happy. 
Her illness and death and the illness of my other 
sister, Betty, must be attended with exjiense. I 
wrote my sister Anny (who must have suftered 
much on the occasion) some considerable time ago, 
to draw on me for what they might stand in need 
of ; but as I have had no intimation on that head, 
I shall be much obliged to you, if you will let my 
sister Anny have what money she may want, and 
by the first ojiportunity acquaint her accordingly. 
Upon letting me know the amount, I will order 
your bill to be answered at London. 

Mrs. McGillivray joins in wishing you, and 
yours, and our friends, and acquaintance, about 
the Ness, many merry and happy returns of the 
season. 

I am, D. Sir, 

Yours sincerely, 

(Signed) Will MiGillivuay. 

Plymouth Citadel, 
Jan. IDth, 1781." 

Captain William died in 1783, leaving two 
children, John Lachlan and Barbara Anne, both 
very young. 

X. — John LacUan MacGillivray. His aflairs, 
as well as those of his uncle, John MacGillivray 
of Georgia, were carefully administered in his 
minority chiefly by " Lachlan lia," son of 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



G:5 



Ciqitaiii ISuaii, wlw hail letiinied and spout 
his old age chiefly twixt Dunniaglasa and 
Inverness. The great black wood of Fuillie 
was planted, and two further acquisitions of land 
were made, i-iz : — Wester Gask from the 
Macjihersons, and Easter Aherchalder, the old 
possession of an impoitaut branch of the 
MacGillivrays. 

In June, L800, John's only sister, Baibara, 
a lady of g-reat beauty, died in Edinburgh, her 
fortune falling to her brotlier, who at his 
niajority was possessed not only of a good deal 
of money, but also of the seven estates of Dun- 
magldss, Easter Aberchalder. Wester Gask, 
Easter Gask, Faillie, Wester Lairgs, and half of 
Inverairnie. 

A sum of £.39 19s. was laid out in repairing 
the tomb at Dunlichity after Misa Barbara 
MacGillivray's death in ISOO 

John Lachlan possessed the estate for nearly 
seventy years (1783-1852), and his rental at his 
accession was about £225, rising by the yeai- 
3803 to £561 ]4s. Td., as follows, from" 71 
tenants : — 

Easter Aberchalder — (1803). 
Robert M'Gillivray, Keninore, - 
Alexander M'Tavish, ,, - - 

David Smith, ,, 

Ewen M'Oillivray, ,, - - 

William M'Clillivray, Balnoidan, 
Mary M'Gillivray, widow of Donald 

M'Pherson, or his son, 
Finlay M'Lean, Balnoidan, 
John MacTavish and William Dcjii^lass, 

Keppcpch, - - - - - 
Duncan M'Tavish, Balnalish, 
Widow Rose, ,, - - 

Jno. Mackintosh, Balnacharnish, 
Malcolm M'Gillivray, there, 
Donald M'Gillivray, there. 
The Heirs of Miss Annie M'Gillivray for 

the grass and wintering of the Mains 

from Whit. 1802 to ditto 1803, - 



£4 16 





4 16 





4 16 





U 12 


(1 


3 10 





3 10 





2 10 


(1 


7 





3 10 


II 


9 


(1 


4 


(1 


4 


1) 


4 






20 U 



Sura Rent Easter Aberchalder, 

DuNMAOLASS. 

Robt. Campbell, The JIains, 

Jno. M'Gillivray and Jno. Smith, 

Drummacline, - _ - - 
Jno. Moir M'Gillivray, Balnaguich, - 
The Heirs of Donald M'tiilliyray, 

Dalscoilt and Dalnagoup, - 
Jno. M'Bean and John Mackintosh, 

Mdltown, - - - - - 
Willm. Smith, Donald JM'GiUivray, 

Wm. Bean, Croachy, - - - 
Wm. Graham, Croft of Crachy, 
Donald M'Gillivray, Lack, 
Dun. M'Gillivray, Drunichline, 
Jno., Duncan, and Wm. M'Gillivray, 

Achloddan, - - - . 

Sum Rent of Dunniaglass, 



£8.5 



£70 



13 6 
19 1 
7 13 
2 4 

13 10 



HaI.K of I.NVKRAKXIE. 

.\ngus M'Phail, - - - - - £r) 7 II 

Jno. Bain, Dambreck, - - - 4 (; 

W. Mackintosh of Hulm, for part of Maias, 8 S 

Angus M'Culloch, - - - - 
Mr. M'Intoah of Farr, for grazing of 

Shalvanach, - - - - - 5 



Sum Rent of half Invererny, 

Wester Gask. 

Donald Clunes, - - - _ . 

Farijuhar Smith, - - . . 

John M'Gillivray, - _ . . 
Alexander M'Kenzie, 

John M'Phail, - - - - . 

I)uncan Shaw, - - - _ _ 

Wm. Davidson, - - - - 

Donald Mackenzie, - - - . 
John M'Gregor and John Smith, 

Sum Rent of Wester Gask, 

EASTER Gask 
Tlie Heir of Donald Hood for Mains, 
Widow Duncan JMackintosh, 
Alex. M'Gillivray, Shanval, 
Alex. Smith, Smith, - . . - 
Alex. M'Gillivray, Canlan, 
Donald M'Kintosh Miller, for part of 
Faillie, - - - . . 

Angus M'Bean, Did vellan, 
John Shaw, - - . . . 



£2S 15 



£4 


2 





4 


7 





4 


7 





1 


15 





.5 








T> 

















() 


















£31 10 





4 1 


(i 


4 


(') 


4 


I) 


1 17 





7 10 


(1 



Sum Rent of Easter Gask, £05 12 f, 



Faillie. 
Alex. Eraser. Balnaluick, - 
Colin M'Arthur, Dyster, 
Alex. Munro, Mains, 
Ale.v. Eraser, Middtoun, 
William M'Beath, 
Alex. M'Gillivray, Achlaschylie, 
Alex. M'Gregor, ,, 

William Shaw, 

Ewan M'Donald, Torveneach, 
Wm. M'Gillivray, West-end, 



£8 8 2 

4 5 

28 11 2 

4 7 6 
7 12 G 
9 15 

5 10 
2 18 6 
4 6 
1 4 



Sum Rent of Faillie, £70 18 45 



Laikos. 
Alex. M'Gillivray, Ballintruan, 
Wm. Davidson or Dean, 
James Sutherland, 
Widow Ann M'Gillivray or IMackintos 
Donald Calder, - . - . 
Wm. M'Bean, Meikle Miln, 
Don. M'Gillivray, Cabrach, 
Lieut. M'Gillivray, Dell of Lairg, 



X8 7 

1 

19 

5 4 

3 

10 8 

2 17 

2;i 10 



Sum Rent of Lairgs, iG6 7 



(7'o be concluded.) 



£190 10 



There is a movement at present on foot among 
the Sutherlands in Edinburgh to start a Clan 
Society, and we hope to be able to give a notice of 
the inaugural meeting in owr next issue. 



G4 



THE OELTIC MONTHLY, 



YEAR'S DAY SHINTY MATCH. 

A TiME-HtNOUBED CuSTOM. 



ip^lHERE is no 
y^ event of 
'^■^ greater im- 
portance in connec- 
tion with the celebra- 
tion of the advent of 
the New Year in the 
Highlands than the 
New Year's Day 
Shintj' Match. It 
is a very ancient 
custom, and one 
which we hope will 
never lack obser- 
vance. The game 
usually takes place 
on an extensive 
stretch of sand at 
the sea shore, where 
that is available, or in 
inland places on the 
largest field procur- 
able, and to it llook 
young and old 
from the adjoining 
parishes. Usually 
there is no hmit to 
the number of con- 
testants, and the 
young men enter into 
the fray with a dash 
and energy that 
threaten danger to 
head and limb. 
Many romantic 
stories are associated 
with the observance 
of the time honoured 
shinty match on 
New Year's Day in 
the north. 

In the south, 
Highlanders keep 
up the custom, and 
in Glasgow, Edin- 
burgh, and London, 
the local shinty clubs 
never fail to engage 
in a game of cannni, 
followed perhaps by 
a dance on the green, 
to celebrate the birth 
of another year. 
Those who care to 
visit Moray Park, 
Glasgow, on the 
forenoon of the Ist 



Gn.srio\v CowAL 



•IS Edinbdrgh Sutherlano. 






Igt*^. 



The throw up. 



-.\ ilispuUil ;,o.ll 



January, will see 
how the members of 
the famous Cowal 
Shinty Club wield 
the camrin . 1 he 
views which we give 
represent incidents 
in a recent match 
between the Glasgow 
Cowal reserve team, 
which has so far an 
unbroken record of 
victories, and the 
Edinburgh Suther- 
land Club. The 
pictures speak for 
themselves, but only 
those who have 
actually played the 
game have any real 
idea of the excite- 
ment which a stiffly 
contested match 
creates. The ball is 
small in size, and it 
requires keen sight 
and an accurate 
stroke to hit it 
when travelling fast 
on the ground, or in 
1 he air. The New 
Year's Day match 
1 > 1 a y e d by the 
iiieiubers of the 
' amanachd Club in 
Edinburgh is always 
a picturesque and 
exciting game, as it 
is made a strict rule 
that every player 
must wear the High- 
land dress on the 
occasion We hope 
that, with the extra- 
ordinary revival of 
shinty that has taken 
place of late, the 
time-honoured New 
Year's Day match 
will be duly observed 
by the Gaelic race, 
whether it be in the 
"land of brown 
heath and shaggy 
wood," the southern 
cities, or in distant 
lands across the sea. 





l:,„. , 



CAPTAIN A, LEITH-HAY MACKAY. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



C5 



CAPTAIN A. LEITH-HAY MACKAY. 




, , APTAIN MACKAY was lioin in 1849, and 
f/i, is the son of the late .lames Gordon 



Mackay of Her ^Majesty's War Depart 
ment. He received his miHtary education at 
the Royal Military College. Sandhurst, and 
having gained a free commission, was appointed 
Ensign in the 'Jlst Argyll Highlanders, joining 
at the depot, then at Fort-George, in March, 
18G8. Owing to the reduction of the battalion 
on return from foreign service, Captain Mackay 
was transferred to another regiment, but was 
again transferred at his own request to one of 
the Scottish regiments — "The King's Own 
Borderers," as it was then called. With this 
regiment he served in both battalions abroad 
and at home for nearly twenty years, taking 
part in the first phase of the Afghan War, 
1878 79, till the Treaty of Gandiimack, and 
returning home on promotion to his company. 
His regiment was stationed in Ireland at the 
beginning of the land agitation, where at 
Mitchelstown, in May, 1881, a dangerous 
collision between Captain ilackay's company 
and the populace was only prevented by a little 
clear headeduess, and the excellent discipline of 
his men. He volunteered for service in Egypt 
in the Expedition of 1882, but arrived after the 
Battle of Tel-el-Kebir. He retired on comple- 
tion of twenty years' service, about half of 
which was spent abroad. 



Captain Mackay's father, -James Gordon 
Mackay, was the only surviving son of Alex- 
ander Mackay, Cradlehall. near Inverness, who 
was for forty years Inspector of Stamps and 
Taxes for the Northern Counties, and died at 
Forres, 29th May, 18(J0, aged 73 years. 
Alexander's father was John Mackay, Insch-na- 
Cardoch, near Fort-Augustus, for many years a 
messenger at- arms. He had a large family; 
died 4th .lanuary, 1821, and was buried at 
Fort-Augustus. One of his brothers became 
a Captain in the 42nd Highlanders. 

Any information concerning the descent of 
John Mackay, lusch na-Cardoch, that can be 
furnished by any of our readers will be gladly 
received by the writer, the object being to trace 
Captain Mackay's family back to a branch 
mentioned in the history of the clan. 

It may be mentioned that he is a life member 
of the Clan Mackay Society. 

Editor. 




ON NEW-YEAR'S MORNING. 



that we who are fatigued by the changes 
and chances of this fleeting world, may repose 
upon Thy eternal changelessness." — A itihrosuin. 



What bringest thou, New- Year ? With dark fore- 
boding 

I ask of thee, O my mysteriona Guest, 
What burdens bear'st thou for my sad soul's loading, 

What fresh fulfilment of some sore behest ' 
Oh, shouldst thou even meet me, flower-crowned, 
shedding 

Fair gifts on me, true gold without alloy, 
I would shrink back, thy dearest favours dreading; 

So close is Sorrow, so unknown is Joy. 



Peace, restless one ! Hushed be thy sad complaining, 

Look how the red dawn lights the grey North Sea! 
Over thy little world the Christ is reigning, 

And stills its storms as erst in Galilee. 
Didst thou but once behold Him, thou wouldst 
never 

Fear to take Joy or Pain at His command ; 
Look upward, where He sits enthroned for ever, 

Holding the Seven Stars in His right hand ! 

R. F. Forbes. 



66 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 




Part VIIF. — {Contuuieil from page 48.) 

Battle of Malplaquet. — Continued. 

|p^|HE crisis of this sanoruinary battle bad 
V^ now arrived. The Prince D' Anvergne, 
'^S> who commanded the Dutch cavah-y, 
■while forming them on the other side of the 
French works was charged by the French 
cavalry, but he gallantly repulsed them. This 
■wave of attack was quickly followed liy another. 
Mar.shal BoutHer.s, ou learning that the allies had 
broken through his centre, ordered the House- 
hold Horse of France to follow, and hastened 
to the spot, where he found the Gens d' armes 
ready to charge. After a cheery address, he 
placed himself at their head, and fiercely 
charged his antagonists, who were extending 
their lines through the openings of the captured 
works. Notwithstanding all the efforts of the 
gallant Anvergne with his Dutch, he was 
driven back to the intrenchments, but Orkney 
was prepared for the contingency. He had 
taken the precaution to post his infantry upon 
the parapets, and by a most destructive tire 
repulsed them in their turn. Three times 
were these charges repeated by Boufllers, and 
thrice were the impetuous assailants repulsed 
by the comliined fire of the musketry and cross 
batteries on the flank. 

In the midst of this arduous struggle, ]\Iarl- 
borough, who viewed it from a distance, came 
up with the British and Prussian cavalry, 
amongst which were conspicuous the Scots 
Greys. They fell upon the discomfited squad- 



\V DrummonJ-flor. 



rons who were attempting to withdraw, and 
would soon have swept them from the field. 
At this moment a new line of champions were 
seen advancing, a formidable body of 2,000 of 
the choicest French horsemen clad in armour, 
and in the firmest array. The earth literally 
trembled beneath the rush of this splendid 
host, led by Boufflers in person to the charge. 
It swooped upon the scanty ]5ritish squadrons 
like an avalanche upon a wood of pines, and 
the British reeled before the shock, dragoon 
and cuirassier went tumbling to the ground, 
horse and rider were crushed in the terrible 
fray. British valour could not prevail against 
so formidable a force, and broken and scattered 
they retired behind their infantry. Covered 
by their fire they reformed, and Ijeiug rein- 
forced, they rode straight against the foe, 
whose turn it now was to succumb to the 
assault, yet, rallied by Boufflers, the French 
horsemen returned to the charge. The British 
now bent upon victory, with flashing sabres 
hewed a path through the wavering French 
troopers. Marlborough called up his infantry, 
Orkney advanced in front, while other divisions 
moved to attack the flanks. The Prince of 
Orange, seizing the opportunity, brought up 
his infantry, and carried the French intrench 
ments facing him. .Malplaquet was won ! 
The entire French alignment ceased to be 
defensible, their whole army, retreated in 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



()7 



masterly order to Bavay, La Quesnoy, and 
Valenciennes, with -little loss, their opponents 
being too much exhausted to pursue in force. 

The losses sustained by the French have 
been computed at 15,000 men, IG cannon, '2li 
infantry colours, 24 standards, and numerous 
other trojshies. The allies lost 20.000 in this 
tremendous battle. 

As it was his wout and usual custom. Marl- 
borough's first care was the relief of the 
wounded, French as well as his own. Hearing 
that many wounded French oflicers and men 
had crept into the adjoining woods and houses, 
he ordered every possible relief to be given 
them, and despatched a messenger to the 



French Marshal to arrange for their being 
conveyed away. 

No eulogium can be too great as regard the 
skill of the chief commanders, nor of the brave 
troops the.v commanded in this most fiercely 
contested battle. The Scots Greys, and their 
brethren of luniskillen, received the thanks of 
Marlborough on the Held for their dashing and 
intrepid bravery. In this battle they fought side 
by side as they did in after years at Waterloo. 

The Chevalier de St. George, or the Pre- 
tender, served as a \olunteer in this battle. 
Marshal Bouft'lers records in his dispatch that 
"he behaved himself during the whole action 
with all possible bravery and vivacity." 




Smollett says that he charged at the head of 
the Household Troops, and was wounded iu 
the arm by a sword thrust. 

The defeat of Malplaquet caused great 
despondency in France. So many of the old 
nobility and Court dignitaries had fallen that the 
whole of the Court of Louis put on mourning. 

The slain being buried, Marlborough 
immediately marched upon -Mons. The Scots 
Greys took part in the siege. The French 
being unable to relieve it, its capitulation soon 
took place and the whole of -the Netherlands 
was relievetl of the domination of France. 

Nest year, 1710, Douay was besieged and 



taken in spite of the French Blarshals. 
Bethune was invested and won, and the 
campaign of this year closed by the siege and 
capture of Aire, all of them fortified towns 
within French territory. In 1711 Bonclxaiu 
was invested. Yillars used every artifice to 
raise the siege, but the garrison was forced to 
capitulate. The captui-e of Bonchain closed 
Marlborough's brilliant career. The Greys 
shared in the various operations of the allied 
armj' m these two campaigns, but as these 
were confined to the capture of imijortant 
fortresses they had few opportunities of 
acquiring fresh distinction. 



G8 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY 



The war having been terminated by the 
treaty of Utrecht, the Scots Greys returned to 
England. 

In 1714 the Scots Greys were augmented to 
nine troops, but in the following year an 
increase of the army being required by the 
Jacobite commotions in Scotland, three troops 
of the Greys with two troops from the Royal 
Dragoons, and one newly raised, were formed 
into an independent regiment, now the 7th 
Hussars. In iVugust, 1715, the Greys were 
stationed in Stirling, sending out detachments 
to disperse the armed rebels who had raised 
the standard of the Pretender. 

The Eai-l of Mar set out from Perth on the 
loth December with an army of- 8,000 men, 
with the view of crossing the Forth and pene- 
tratiog intoEuglaud, and joining the English 
insui-geuts and lirigadier Mackintosh. 

The Duke of Argyll, sent by the Government 
to command in Scotland, was at Stirling with 
some infantry and cavalry, amongst the latter 
being the Greys. His army amounted in all to 
about 4,000. Leavhij a garrison in Stirling, 
Argyll crossed the Eorth and advanced to Dun- 
blane, about the same time as Mar advanced from 
Auchterarder. The two armies came in sight 
of each other at Sherilfmuii; {II'mi- Stiahh an 
l-Siin-i-a), on the evening of Saturday the l'2th. 
{To be coiitinned). 



The following Story gained first prize in the Gaelic 
Prose Competition at the recent Mod at Perth. 

RUARAIDH MACRATH. 



LETTER TO THE EDITOR. 



Glend-iruel, by Greenock. 
To the Editor of the CMk Moiifhhj. 

THE BRAVE SONS OF SKYE. 

SiK^For some time past I have been getting up 
notes about soldiers belonging to Skye (my native 
place) who served with distinction in the army from 
the middle of last century up to the present day ; 
and I shall feel much obliged to any of your readers 
who can give me further information on the subject. 
We have it on the highest official authority (that of 
a former Adjutant-General of the Forces) that, 
during the forty years preceding 1837, Skye had 
produced 21 Lieutenant- Generals and Major- 
Generals (including 1 Adjutant-General), 45 
Colonels, GOO Majors, Captains, and Subalterns, 
10,000 Privates, and 120 Pipers. I should like to 
get the names of as many officers, non-commissioned 
olHcer.s, and men as possible, with the names of the 
battles in which they took part, and the regiments 
in which they served. Any old letters, prints, 
photographs, or photographs of portraits entrusted 
to mo to be copied would be taken great care of, 
and returned to the owners with as little delay :is 
possible. 

I am, etc., 

J. MACINNES, 

Major and Hon. Lieut.-Colonel, 

.5th Vol. Butt. A. & S. H. 



Le " Eile.\.nacii." 
(Christina MacDougall, Eilean Siiona ) 



A' Chiad Chaibideil. 

tHA feasgar boidheacli ciiiin anu, toi.seach 
a' gheamhraidh. Is anu coltach ri 
fea.sgar sanihraidh a bha e, le bias is le 

ciiiineas. Bha an smiiid a bha a' tigbinn a 
tighean a' Chnoic bhciin a' direadh a dh' ionn- 
suidh nan speur clio direach, cothromach, is 'n 
uair a ruigeadh e gu h-ard, gur gann a dh' 
aithnicheadh tu e seacli na neoil liath-ghlas ris 
an robh e a' co-mheasgadli. 

Bha an Cnoc-ban 'u a' bhaile gle mhaiseach ri 
fhaicinn ; bha na tighean diiiih air a cheile, 
agus snasail air an tubhadh. Bha am fearann 
leathadach, ach cothroui, gnu dad idir de thnl- 
aichean. Bha niuinntir a' Chiioic-bhain an diiil 
nacli robh leithid an aite aoa fliein air uachdar 
na doimhne. O'n is ann anns a' bhaile acasan 
a bha an eaglais, an tigh-sgoil, an tigh-litrichean 
agus am biith, b'e, 'n am beachd fhein, an Cnoc- 
ban baile raor na diitbcha. Bha an tigh-litiieh- 
ean taobli an rathaid, agus bha e an da chuid, 
'n a' lihiith-bathair, agus 'na thigh-litrichean, 
agus is ann h-uige bhiodh luuinntir a' Chnoic- 
bhain agus nam bailtean eile niu 'n cuairt 
a' cruinueaehadh anns an fheasgar, a dh' fhaot- 
ainu naigheachdan an Jatha. 'Jhainig am post, 
:igus cha robh e fada gun fhalbh, oir cha robh 
bheag de litricliean a' falbh as an duthaich so. 

Theann duine no dlu'i a stigh far an robh fear- 
an-tigh-litrichean, fiach an robh a h-aon anu 
daibh fhein — Feadhainn aig an robh diiil ri 
litir, agus feadhainn aig nach robh ; ach bha an 
fheadhainn aig nach robh diiil ri litir iad fh6in, 
a' feitheainh fiach de 'u naigheachd a bhiodh air 
cuid cliaich. 

" A' bheil gin agad dhbnihsa, no do 'n bhaile 
againne, Sheorais t " dh' fheoraich fear de 'n 
chuideaohd, Domhnull Ruadli, sean saighdear, a 
bha anu an cogadh na h-Eiphit, agus a bha a nis 
air saor-dhuais. 

" Sin te le Iain Mao Rath; bheir thu h-uige i, 
o'n is tu is fhaisge dha. Is cinnteach gur ann o 
Ruar idli a bliitheas i." 

"Is e gille tapaidh comasach a tha an Ruar- 
aidh," arsa D6mhuull Ruadh, "is ann aige fhein 
a tha an eauaoliainn." 

De 'in math a tha an sin " ars' Uilleam 
Mac Sheuniais, coimhearsnach do DhomhuuU, 
" an uair nach 'eii steidli aige t Is ann a rhir 
nan talantan a glieibh sinn, a dh' fheunias sinn 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



''89 



cunntas a thoiit aig an latlia niu ilheireaclh." 

"Air in' fhalluinn, nach bi uiorau cunntas 
agadsa ri thoirt seauhad ; cha d' fhuair tliu 
m6ran thalantan," fhreagair DomhnuU Ruadli. 

" Cha bu truiinid uii nidhir a bhi agani 's a 
tha agadsa co dhiu," ars' am fear eile, gu crosda. 

Clia 'n 'eil fhios ciiin a sguireadh an seanachas 
eadar na fearaibh, mur biodh fear eile air tighinn 
a stigli do 'n bhiith. 

"Tiia Iain Mac Rath fhein ann an so," arsa 
fear an tighe. 

Thug D5nihnull Riiadh dha an litir, chuir e 
failt air a' chuideachd, agus thionndaidh e air 
falbh. Sheas e aig an dorus 'g a leughadh. 
Blia e 'n a' dhuine ard, dreachmhor, ged bha an 
aois air laidhe air, agus air a' chromadh beagan ; 
bha a' cheann cho geal ris a' chanaich. 

Thug e siiil chabhagach air an litir, agus chuir 
e na ph6c i. 

" De 'n naigheachd a th' oirre, Iain? Ci:iniar 
a tha Ruaraidh a' cumail 1 " dh' fhe6raich h-aon 
de na bha muigh dheth. 

" Iha e gu rnath 'n a shlainte, taing dhut," 
arsa Iain, acli cha robh e ach sanihach. Bha 
anihare fada air falbh ; cha robh siiil aige air 
a' chuideachd a bha teann air, agus theann e air 
falbh, a' fagail beannachd aca. 

Cha roV)h e ach goirid air an rathad a dh' 
ionnsuidh an tiglie. Bha an tigh aige beagan 
air leth air each, agus e beagan ni bu mhutha. 
Cha robh anns na tighean eile ach an dk cheann ; 
ach bha tr'i anns an fhear so. Bha e glan, 
sgiobalta a stigh ; agus bha an t-suipeir air a' 
bh6rd an uair a rainig fearan-tighe. 

Bha dithis bhoirionnach a stigh, a bhean agus 
a nighean, is iad a' figheadh. "An d' fhuair 
thu tios o Ruaraidh?" dh' fheoraich a' bhean, is i 
ag eirigh. " Fhuair ; sin agad i," agus thilg e a 
uunn d' a h-ionnsuidh i. 

Bha Seonaid, an nighean, 'n a suidhe aig 
ceann a' bhiiird aig an am, agus dh' eirich i a 
shealltuinn Lhar gualainn a mathar an uair a 
bha i 'g a leughadh. 

"Las an solus, a She6naid; tha e a' fas dorcha," 
ars' a h-athair. 

Chuir i an solas air a' bh6rd, ach bha an litir 
leuglita aig Seonaid agus aig a mathair ann am 
prioba, oir cha robh i fada. 

" Seadh," arsa Iain, " de ar barail air 
Ruaraidh 1 " 

"Cha 'n 'eil e air son a bhi 'n a' mhinisteir idir, 
cha 'n 'eil e 'g a fhaicinn fhein freagarrach air a 
shon," fhreagair Se6naid, ach cha dubhairt a 
mathair dad. 

"Nach 'eil e ag radh gu 'n robh ceasnachadh 
aige air an t-seachdain so chaidh, agus nach 
d' fhuair e roimhe idir? a' bheil sin coltach ri 
fear a bhitheadh a' deanamh feum de na talantan 
a fhuair e ? " 

L'h' aithnich Seonaid gu 'n robh a h-atliair 



fada far a dh^igh, agus cha dubhairt i an c6rr, 
ach shuidh iad gu 'n suipeir. 

" Is beag a bha mi an diiil gur ann mar so a 
dh' eireadh do Ruaraidh " arsa bean Iain. 

"Cha robh agam, " thuirt Iain, " ach an aon 
mhac, agus o oige chuir mi air leth e airsoa 
obair an Tighearna, Rinn mi na b' ui-rainn mi 
'g a earalachadh agus ag cur mu choinneamh 
urram agus cudthrom na dr^uchd a ciiuir mi a 
uiach air a shon. Is iomadh ni a thug mi suas, 
agus is iomadach ni a bha a dh' uireasbhuidii air 
an teaghlach, airson gu 'm faigheadh esan a 
h-uile cuthroni, an diiil gu 'm bitheadh e 'n a 
onair do 'n dreuchd a bha e ri leantainn agus 
dhuinn uile ; ach, mo thruaighe ! tha e coltach 
gu 'n do rinn mi mearachd mhor. Theagamh 
gur e breitheanas a thainig orra an uair a bha 
mi 'smaointeaehadh gu 'n dianadh mo mhac-sa 
seirbhiseach taitneach do 'n Tighearn. Theag- 
amh nach 'eil esan a tha riaghladh os cionn na 
doimhne a' faioinn freagarrach e dh' fhaotainn 
inbhe 'n a thigh." 

" Na abrailjh sin, athair," arsa Se6naicl, 
" cha 'n 'eil aon duine againn nach faod obair au 
Tighearn a dhianamh ; ged bu di ciio iosal is a 
bhitheas ar n-inbhe, faodaidli sinn obair-san a 
dhianamh cho math ris an fheadliainn a tha air 
cur a mach air a son. Agus theagamh gu 'ii 
dianadh liuaraidh a dhleasnas fh6in ni b' fheiin- 
na 'm biodh e anns an dreuchd anns am bu 
mhath leis fhein a bhi — is i sin, an doctaireachd." 

" Is lighiche spioradail a tha mise airson a 
dhianamh de'n aon mhac a tha agam. Chuir 
mi fh^in a' chuid is fhearr de m' bheatlia seachad 
a' craobh-sgaoileadli agus a' searmonachadh an 
fhacaii, agus an uair a rugadh mo mhac, 
choisrig mi do'n Tighearn e, agus thuirt mi 
nach cuirinnsa gu feum eile, ach gu feum 
spioradail e. An uair a thainig e gu inbhe, 
thug mi dha de dh' fhoghlum na b' urrainn mi, 
agus an sin chuir mi do CThlaschu e, airson na 
ministreileachd : chunnaic mi gu 'n robh tapachd 
agus tuigse aige nach robh aig a leithid ach 
aiiuieamh, ach tha e a'dol'n am aghaidh, a rt'if 
a h-uile coltais." 

"Tha e coltach gur ann de dheoin nach d' 
fhuair e troimh 'n cheasnachadh mu dheireadh so 
aige," ars' a mhithair. 

Cha dubhairt Se6naid an corr, ach ghlan i air 
falbh na soithichean ; cha deach dragh a chur 
air moran de 'n bhiadh an oidhche sin. 

" Feumaidh sinn sgriobhadh uige, a bhean," 
thubhairt Iain, an uair a bha am b6rd reidh, 
" tha feum aige air airgiod, ach cha chuir mise 
aon sgillinn d' a ionnsuidh." 

"Iain, fheudai), cha dian thu sin idir," ars' 
a bhean, " thoir maitheanas dha aon uair 
eile." 

{fi'a leantainn.) 



70 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



TO CORRESPONDENTS. 

.411 Commutiications, on literary and buailiesa 
m •tt'-rs. ahniild he nddresaed to the Editor, Mr. .TOBy 
JUACKAT, 9 Blt/tlixwood Drlne, Glasgow. 

TERMS OP SUBSCRIPTION.— The CELTIC 
MONTHLY will be sent, post free, to any part of the 
United Kingdom, Canada, the United States, arid all 
countrie-9 in the Postal Union — for one year, 4^. 

The Celtic Monthly. 

JANUAKl', 1897 

c o r* rr E Pff TP"s. 

Gborob Macgregor, (with plate), - - - - - - 61 

Far Away (poem), - - - • - . ■ ■ ■ - ^^ 

Minor Septs of Clan Chattan (illustrated), - . . (12 

New Year's Day Shinty Match (illustrated), - - - (34 

Captain A. Leith-Hat Macray (with plate), ... 65 

On New Year's Morning (poem), 65 

The Royal Scots Greys, Part 'VIII. (illustrated), - ■ GQ 

Letter to the Editor — The Brave Sons of Srye, - - 68 

RuARAiDH Mac Rath, ....... ds 

To our Readers, 70 

IsvERLocnY (illustrated), .71 

The Highland Chiek, .-.,..-. 73 

A Ron (poem), - - - 74 

Tub Prince's Flo\ver (poem), ------ 75 

Lieut. Hector F. Maclean, younger of Dcart (with plate), 76 

Flora Macdonald, (illustrated), 76 

An Imprisoned Spirit, 78 

OUR NEXT ISSUE. 

Next month we will give portraits, with short 
biographical sketches, of Surgeon-Colonel John 
MacGregor, M.D., and Mrs. MacGregor, London, 
whose marriage was celebrated on 22nd December ; 
Messrs. Thomas Mackay, Largs, Vice-President, 
Clan Mackay Society ; and John MacGregor, 
Craigie, Perth, Director, Clan Gregor Society ; and 
in addition to these the usual variety of interesting 
illustrated articles and stories will be given. 

Clan Mackay Society. — The following office- 
bearers have been appointed for the session — 
President, Captain James Mackay, Wilts ; Vice- 
Presidents, Alexander Mackay and J. W. Mackay, 
Glasgow, Dr. George Mackay and Daniel Mackay, 
Edinburgh, Thomas Mackay, Largs, and Thomas 
A. Mackay, Inverness ; Hon. Secretary, John 
Mackay, Editor, Crltir Munthhj; Assistant, John 
Mackay ; Assistant Secretary, A lexander R. Mackay, 
Edinburgh; Treasurer, James R. Mackay, C.A.; 
with twenty-four councillors, and bards and pipers. 
The Annual Social Gathering takes place on Thurs- 
day, 11th February, in the Waterloo Rooms, Lord 
Reay, D.C.L., G.C.I.E., Chief of the Clan, in Ihe 
chair. On the afternoon of the same day the 
members of the clan entertain Lord Reay to dinner 
in the Grand Hotel, Charing Cross, many of the most 
distinguished clansmen having already promised to 
attend. Members of the clan, and friends interested, 
may attend both functions, and those desiring 
tickets should communicate at once with the 
Secretary, Mr. John Mackay, 9 Blythswood Drive, 
Glasgow. 

We regret to intimate the death of Mr. John 
Mackay (Ben Reay), a j)rorainent member of the 
Clan Mackay Society, and a frequent contributor to 

the Oltic MovtMy. 



Mr. R. Wallace Forsyth, Renfielo Street, 
Glasgow, whose reputation as a maker of Highlarid 
costumes is world-wide, has just issued two most 
attractive price lists, in which the various forms of 
the Highland dress, and all the ornaments connected 
with it, are illustrated with a variety of charming 
engravings, and prices quoted for each article. 
There is no more beautiful dress in the world than 
the kilt when correctly made, and there is no dress 
so grotesque when awkwardly made and ill-fitting. 
Those who entrust their orders to Mr. Forsyth may 
depend upon absolute correctness in every detail, 
and a perfect tit, and we have no hesitation in 
recommending our readers to patronise him. Send 
for copies of his illustrated price lists — they will be 
sent post free, and give full particulars, as well as 
interesting information regarding the various clan 
tartans, badges, mottoes, etc. 

The Clan Chattan Association held their first 
Social Gathering in the Windsor Hotel, Edinburgh, 
on 27th November. Mackintosh of Mackintosh 
and Mrs. Mackintosh received the members, the 
attendance numbering about 100 ladies and gentle- 
men — among those present being Sir Thomas and 
Lady Clark, Messrs. W. G. Davidson (Glasgow Secre- 
tary), W. Mackintosh, J. P., Drummuir, Angus Mac- 
kintosh, Hatfield, Andrew Mackintosh (Secretary), 
Thomas Mackintosh, W,S., W. MacGillivray, W.S., 
Theodore Napier, etc. The Chief delivered a very 
interesting address, referring to the benefits of such 
a Society, the interest its work must create among 
clansmen abroad, and claimed the Czarina as being 
of Clan Chattan. An address was also delivered by 
Sir Thomas Clark, and a spirited poem composed 
by Mr. Angus Mackintosh, Hatfield, was recited. 
The evening was devoted to dancing, and the whole 
proceedings passed off most successfully. 

Clan Maclean Association. — A largely attended 
meeting was held in the Waterloo Rooms on 10th 
December, Mr. C. J. Maclean in the chair, when 
Mr. Henry Whyte (Fionn) delivered a very 
interesting and amusing paper on "The wit and 
humour of the Gael." On January 14th, in the same 
hall, Dr. Magnus Maclean will deliver an address. 

"Sutherland and the Reay Country." — This 
work is now completed, and subscribers will receive 
their copies at once. It extends to 420 pages, being 
100 pages more than were indicated in the prospectus; 
it also contains 20 tine plate jiortraits, nearly 40 
illustrations, with a list of subscribers and a copious 
index. The volume is tastefully bound in cloth, 
with gilt lettering. Copies can be had from the 
Editor, Celtic Monthhi, 9 Blythswood Drive, Glasgow, 
price, 5/-; large paper, 12/6. 



GAELIC CHRISTMAS & NEW YEAR CARDS. 



We are glad to learn that Mr, Whyte has secured 
quite a large and new variety for the present season. 
They all bear Celtic designs, with appropriate Gaelic 
mottoes, while the cards themselves are works of 
art equal to any that are maimfactured in or out of 
Germany. As there is likely to be a large demand, 
early apijlication should be made to 

Mr- HEl^It^X' ■WHC'VTE, 

4 BRIDGE STREET, GLASGOW. 



THE OKLTIO MONTHLY, 



71 




l^raHE year A.D. 1431 was a memorable oue 
W^ in the Western Highlands. Alexander, 
"'^ the powerful Lord of the Isles and Earl 
of Ross who after his father's death in 1420, 
had rendered himself obnoxious to the Scottish 
King, James I., was now suflering imprison- 
ment by that monarch's orders in the Castle of 
Tantallon. The King's vigorous policy was 
beginning to be felt in those regions which 
for so long had been under the sway of 
the great MacDonald chiefs, who held almost 
regal power and maintained a position and 
dignity but little inferior to that of the 
sovereign himself. This power seemed now 
fast slijjpiug from their grasp, and to render 
the case more hopeless the two important clans 
of Chattan aud Cameron had gone over to the 
King, and were now arrayed in arms against 
their old allies under the Earls of Mar and 
Caithness, who commanded the royal forces in 
Lochaber. 

At this juncture Donald Balloch, son of John 
M6r Tauaistear, and cousin of the imprisoned 
Lord of the Isles, with a brave determination 
to protect the hereditary rights of his clan and 
family at all costs, raised the standard of his 
chief at Carnich, a small island in Loch Sunart, 
and called upon all the neighbouring clans to 
join him in attacking the Earl of Mar at 
Inverlochy. 

Maclain of Ardnamurchan, Allan, son of 
Allan of Moydart, and his brother Ranald Bkn 
promptly answered the summons, and brought 
in over six hundred followers, mostly (hiome- 
uaisle or gentlemen, many coming in their own 
galleys and biorlinns. With this force Donald 
BaUoch set sail for Inverskippinish, two miles 
south of Inverlochy, and waited a favourable 
moment for descending upon the King's army, 
which was encamped in the neighbourhood of 
Inverlochy Castle. Meanwhile word had been 
sent to Alasdair Carrach, Chief of the Keppoch 
MacDonalds, and uncle of Alexander of the 



Isles, to hold himself in readiness for a 
combined attack as soon as the galleys appeared 
in Loch Linnhe. 

On the King's side Mar had not been idle, 
he had strengthened his force by a large 
accession of Highland chiefs and Lowland 
noblemen, among the former being Huntly, 
Eraser of Lovat, Malcolm Mackintosh (Callum 
Beg), Captain of Clan Chattan, Donald Cameron 
(Oomhnull Dubh :\Iac Ailein), Chief of Clan 
Cameron, Grant, and Mackay of Strathnaver, 
but at the time of the battle Eraser of Lovat is 
said to have been away collecting men aud 
provisions in Sunart and Ardnamurchan. 
Upon the approach of Donald Balloch, Alasdair 
Carrach with two hundred archers and the 
remainder of his clan took up their position 
upon the steep hUl overlooking the Castle of 
Inverlochy, but so Httle did Jlar comprehend 
the dangerous position in which he was placed 
that he was actually playing cards in his tent 
with Mackintosh whilst Donald Balloch was 
disembarking his men but a short distance 
away, and notwithstanding the repeated en- 
treaties of Huntly, he persisted in finishing the 
game. Mackiatosb is said to have exclaimed 
upon hearing Huntly 's expostulations, that 
"we will play this game out and do with the 
enemy what we jslease afterwards, for I know 
very well the doings of the big-bellied carles of 
the Isles." He even went out of his way to 
insult Huntly by saying that though he (Huntly) 
should assist the enemy he would defeat them 
both ; an insult which caused Huntly to with- 
draw his clansmen and become a mere spectator 
of the fight. 

Whilst these fooUsh boasters were sowing 
discord in the ranks of the Royalists, Donald 
Balloch and his followers had taken up a 
strong position in front of the King's forces, 
which had now been j^ut into some sort of 
order. The front of the Islesmen was com- 
manded by Maclain of Ardnamurchan and 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY 



Johu MaeLean of Coll; the mair battle by 
Ranald Bau and Allan, son of Allan of Moy- 
dart, whilst other unportant posts were assigned 
to MacDuffie of Colonsay, M'Quarrie of Ulva, 
MacGee (Mackay) of the Rhinns of Isla. At a 
gi-?en signal Alasdair Oarrach, Chief of Keppoch, 
and his gallant MacDonalds poured down the 



hill like an impetuous torrent driving every- 
thing before them with irresistible fury, hacking 
and slashing with the claidl^mmli mor and 
the Lochaber axe, whilst showers of arrows 
from his archers carried death and devastation 
into the massed body of the enemy farther 
afield. Donald BalKcli nnd his Islesmen now 




CHARGE OF TlUi MAI'UONALDS AT lt\\ EKLOL'HY— H31. 



jomed in the fray and with tremendous ferocity 
finished the work that Keppoch had begun. 
In a short time the Royal army was completely 
routed, leaving nearly a thousand dead upon 
the lield, amongst them being the Earl of 
Caithness, with sixteen of his personal retinue, 
and many knights and barons from the Low- 



lands. The Earl of Mar escaped with difficulty 
and after a somewhat amusing adventure, 
which I will recount on another occasion, 
reached his castle of Kildrummie in safety. 
INIackay of Strathnaver was taken prisoner and 
eventually married a daughter of Keppoch, 
from whom are descended that branch of the 



THE CELTIC! MONTHLY. 



'■^ 



clan kuowu as Slicc/id Iain Aberigh. On the 
side of the victorious Donald Balloch, only fifty 
were slain. It is said that the famous J'lnbair- 
eaclid Dhoiniiuill Dnthh was composed in 
commemoration of this battle and in honour of 
the victor. On this ground the MacDonakls 
claim it as a clan pibroch. 



THE HIGHLAND CHIEF. 



By J. A. LOV.VT Fr.a.skr, M.A., Cantab. 



fN the social system of the Highlands tlie 
Chief was the centre round which the 
— whole clan circled. He was their leader 
in war, their judge in peace. His will was law. 
No Eastern caliph, no Byzantine euiperur could 
have been more absolute. HLs house was (jpen 
to all alike, tlis hospitality was extended to 
every member of the clan. He was the object 
of their devoted affection. Their lives were at 
his service. Their duty to their Kirjg- was far 
less important than their duty to their Chief. 
In Penny's Traditions of Path it is related that 
during the American War, "one Captaiu Frazei 
from the Northern district brought down a 
hundred of his clan, all of the name of Frazer. 
Few of them could understand a word of English; 
and the only distinct idea they had of all the 
mustering of forces was that they were going to 
fight for King Frazer and George ta Three." 
The history of the Highlands abouud.s in 
instances of devoted loyalty and affection on the 
part of clansmen towards the head of their tribe. 
It is related that at the Battle of Inverkeithing, 
between the Royalists and the troops of Oliver 
Cromwell, the foster-father of Sir Hector 
Maclean of Duart sacrificed his seven sons for 
his Chief. Whenever one of the young men fell, 
the father thrust f(jrward another to fill his place 
at the right hand of the Chief, with the words 
'' another for Hector ! " General Stewart of 
Garth in describing the Battle of Killiecrankie 
records that Loehiel was attended on the field by 
the son of his foster-brother. " This faithful 
adherent followed him like his shadow, ready to 
assist him with his sword, or cover him from the 
shot of the enemy. Suddenly the Chief missed 
his friend from his side, and turning round to 
look what had become of him, saw him lying on 
his back with his bieast pierced by an arrow. 
He had hardly breath, before he exjjired, to tell 
Loehiel, that seeing an enemy, a Highlander in 
General Mackay's armj', aiming at him with a 
bow and arrow, he sprung behind him, and thus 
sheltered him from instant death." It was 
regarded as a privilege to die for the Chief. Sir 
Walter Scott records that when some Lowland 



gentlemen were extolling with wonder the 
devotion of a clansman who had sacrificed his 
own life to pre.serve that of his Chief, a High- 
lander who was present coldly observed that he 
saw nothing wonderful in the matter ; he only 
did his duty ; had he acted otherwise, he would 
have been a poltroon and a traitor. This was 
the spirit which animated every Highlander in 
his relations with his Chief. It was this 

" loyalty unlearned, honour untaught," 
that enabled Chiefs like Cliiny Macpherson and 
Robertson of Struan to live in safety amongst 
tiieir clansmen for years after the " Forty-Five," 
although their lives were forfeited and the 
Hanoverian Government was offering large 
rewards for their apprehension. The fidelity of 
the Gaelic people was a national characteristic 
of which their descendants are entitled to feel 
not a little proud. 

When the importance of the Chief was so 
great it was natural that he should be surrounded 
by ceremony and state. The King in Holyrood 
had scarcely more Officers of the llousehold than 
a great Chief in the Highlands or the Isles. 
Sir Walter Scott (quoting almost verbatim from 
the Letters of Captain Burt) gives a list which is 
correct as far as it goes. " There is his hanch- 
man, or right hand man ; then his biird, or poet; 
then his bladier, or orator, to make harangues to 
the great folks whom he visits ; then his gille- 
mor, or armour bearer, to carry his sword and 
target, and his gun; then \\\» gille-casfldiuch, who 
cariies him on his back through the sikes and 
brooks; then his f/iUe-comshreang, to lead his 
horse by the bridle in steep and difficult paths ; 
then his gilie-tniiseirnis, to carry his knapsack; 
and the piper and the piper's man ; and it may 
be a dozen lads besides, that have no business 
but are just boys of the belt, to follow the laird 
and do his honour's bidding." But when Captain 
Burt wrote, the clans had fallen from their former 
estate. The Chief of the fifteenth and sixteenth 
century had a retinue twice as large as that of 
the Chief who lived in the degenerate days of 
the eighteenth. Not only did he retain all the 
officers enumerated by Burt, but he had besides 
his Gentlemen of the Hou.se (Ard glnllean an 
tirjhe), bis Harper (An Ctaisair), his Seneschal 
{An Sensdial Tiglie), his Treasurer {Am Fear 
Sporain), his Standard-bearer {Am Fear Brutaich), 
his Fool or Jester {An Cleasaiche), his Body 
Guard {An Luclal 'I'iglie), his Quarter-Master 
{Am Fear Fardaic/ie), his Cup-bearer (..4/i Cupair), 
and his Forester {Am Fnsair). All these officers 
had clearly defined rights and duties. Some of 
the posts were hereditary, some were personal to 
the holder. The offices of Piper, Standard- 
bearer, Harper, Cup-bearer, and Treasurer 
descended from sire to son. The MacRimmons 
were hereditary pipers to the Macleods, and the 



n 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



MacNeils to the Mac Leans. The Erasers of 
Boblainie were hereditary standard-bearer.s to 
the Lords of Lovat, and held the farm of Bob- 
lainie in the Aird by this service. The harpers 
of the MacLeaus of Torloisk, in Mull, held a 
farm which still retains the name Faiane-mnr-nan- 
ctavsair, circle or field of the harpers. The office 
of bard was hereditary. The MacEwans were 
hereditary bards to the Campbells. The Mac- 
Mhuirichs to the Lords of the Isles. The latter 
held by tenure of office the farm of Staoiligarie, 
and four [leuiiy lands of Diimisdale in South 
Uist. The bards were very im|;)ortant items in 
the social economy of the Kelts. They were 
sometimes men of considerable learning. In 
1531 Bellenden in his Chronicle declared that 
they not only employed themselves in compo- 
sitions " effsiring to their erudition and science," 
but " translatit iu their aw in toung mony craftis 
and science though they professitmaist the science 



of medcinary and were richt excellent in it.' 
The Quarter- Master, who provided lodgings for 
all attendants at home and abroad, held no land. 
He had a duty off the hides of all cows, which 
were killed at the principal festivals, or in a 
creach or foray. The Seneschals were two in 
number. The senior was well versed in genea- 
logies, and pointed out the seats of the guests at 
table. The Gentlemen of the House were an 
important part of " the tail." The number 
which the different Lsland Chiefs were entitled 
to retain was fixed by an ordinance of the Privy 
Council in 1610. MacLean of Duart had 
eight. MacLeod of Harris six, and Lochbui, 
Coll, and MacKinnon, three each. The Jester 
disappeared, as an institution, iu the seventeenth 
century. The last to maintain the custom of 
keeping a family fool was Ian Breac, fifteenth 
Chief of the MacLeods of Harris, who died in 
164'J. 




Shadows that rise, shadows that play, 

Warm from the firelight glow. 
Thoughts that rise, thoughts that stray, 

Quit to, the wild glen's snow. 
O, the snow lies deep, and the way is long. 
Where the night winds sigh to the water's song. 
And laughter is here, and loving cheer, 

Such love as they hare to give a riin. 
Such love as they have to give ! 

Winds that rise, winds that blow, 

Thr.iugh corrie and deep ravine : 
Carry me far to the torrents' How, 

And wrap me in tartan sheen. 
The pine is covered with elfin leaves, soft, and 

pure, and white, 
And the mantle fine of the great ben shines with 

glittering gems bedight. 
'Tis far for the strain, of a wild retrain ; 
But I hear the pipers play a rim, 
1 hear the pipers play. 



Voices that rise, voices that fall, 

Down in the fairies' glen : 
Who enters once 'neath the mystic pall, 

May listen no more to men. 
And the faces fade, aud the voices die, 
And I hear but the sound of a wild heart cry, 
'Tis far 1 ween, from the mountain stream. 

But not too far for love a riin, 
Not too far for love. 

Waves that beat, waves that surge, 

Circling the Scottish shore, 
'Tis easy your beat 'gainst the heart to urge. 

For to-night is an open door. 
O, what are the stranger voices 1 hear, what are 

their tones to me i 
I see but the stars on the snow peaks shine, I hear 

but the moan of the sea. 
For this heart of mine, flings back to thine, 
The further from thee I roam a riin, 
The further from tbee 1 roam I 

■ ' Alice C. Mai'Doneli,, 

of Keppoch. 



GovAN Highland Association.— A deputation 
of eight stalwart kilted Highlanders waited upon 
Sir Robert Menzies, Bart., Hon. Chief cjf this 
Association, on the occasion of the Clan Menzies 
Gathering, and presented him with a handsome 
illuminated address. Sir Robert suitably replied. 



Dr. H. Cameron Gillies has just published 
Part I. of "The Gaelic Class Book." It deals with 
Exercises on Grammar, and is issued at 1/-. Copies 
can be had from Mr. David Nutt, 279 Strand, 
London. 




tHE OELTIC MONTHLY. T' 

THE PRINCE'S FLOWER. 



,|^.N the Island of Eriskaj', Outer 
Oy Hebrides, Scotland, there is 
'— still growing a plant of pink 
convolvulus, said to have been planted 
there by Prince Charlie when he 
landed in a small frigate from France 
during July, 17-45. This convolvulus, 
in spite of many attempts to rear it 
elsewhere, will live only at Eriskay, 
and in consequence is known as " The 
Prince's FlovN'er." . - 



There it lay tliat lonely island 
'Neath a dull and dark'ning sky, 

Iti the hush of desolation 

'Midst the billows rolling high. 

When the exiled Stiiart landed 
From the distant St. Nazaire, 

Hia proud heart expectant beating 
With the wild hopes cherished there. 



Hark ! a loyal welcome bursting 
Seemed his willing ears to greet, 

Wliile he saw a nation kneeling 
In its gladness at liis feet. 



MvTUli^Ct 



And all earth to him seemed smiling 

On that mtirning of .July, 
When the seeds he gaily scattered 

Of jiink-hued convolvuli. 

O ! ambition ! vain ambition ! 

Thine were castles in the air ! 
Wherefore tempter, didst thou lure him 

But to leave him in despair ? 

For I think of bare Culloden 

On that fatal April day, 
With the battered columns broken 

In the hot and bloody fray, 

Hope abandoned — only anguish 

Stern usurper of renown ; 
The cold fetters of a captive 

The grim mock'ry for a crown ! 



Eriskay ! as I behold thee 

Now beneath these brighter skie.s ; 
For thy Prince who strayed a stranger 

Tears are starting to mine eyes. 

Here the timid seal could linger, 

Fearless by thy barren coast, 
And the bright-eyed solan slumber, 

In the crag he loved the most. 

But to lihii, nor hall, nor hovel, 
Cuuld'st thou welcome goal ati'ord. 

Nor could e'en thy chieftains proudly 
Pay their homage to their lord. 

Only here, with sweet allegiance. 
O'er which alien hath no power, 

Loyal to its Royal planter. 

Blooms for aye "The Prince's Flowerl" 

Mavou Allan. 



Dr. N. Hay Forbes of Forbes, Tun bridge 
Weils, has published a most interesting pamphlet 
on the " Clan Forbes," which gives full particulars 
on all matters relating to the clan, his object being 
to start a Clan Forbes Society. Clansmen desirous 
of co-operating should commiuiicate with Dr. 
Forbes at once. 

The Lewls and Harris CoNeERT which was 
held in the Waterloo Booms on 13th November, 



presided over by Sir Lewis Maclver, M.P., was a 
great success. 

The Skye Gathering took ])lace in the Queen's 
Rooms on 11th December, Mr. NeilJ. D. Kennedy, 
M.A., Advocate, in the chair. The hall was 
completely crowded, and the assembly was also 
largely attended. A pleasing feature of the 
programme was the inclusion of songs relating to 
the Isle of Skye, written by natives. 



THE OELTIO MONTHLY. 



LIEUTENANT HECTOR F. MACLEAN, 
YOUNGER OF DUART. 



FLORA MACDONALD. 

An Ajran-ERSARY Sketch of the Jacobite 
Heroine. 




|p|CT|HE subject of 
V^ our sketch is 
-■ 'AS the eldest son 
of Colonel Sir Fitzroy 
Donald Maclean, 
Bart., of Duart, 
tweuty-sisth Chief of 
the Clan Maclean. 
Eeference need hard- 
ly be made here to 
the gallant line of 
ancestors from which young Duart is descended; 
every student of Highland history knows the 
honourable record which the Clan Maclean has 
preserved from the earliest times, and how 
stubbornly they clung to their ancient territory, 
with a tenacity which no force of arms could 
loosen. The Chiefs of the Clan Maclean were a 
martial race, and it is only in keeping with the 
traditions of the family that the heir to the 
Chief ship should follow the Ossianic injunction 
to "follow well the footsteps of thy ancestors." 
Lieutenant Maclean was born on 17th Febru- 
ary, 1873, and after serving some time in the 
militia he joined the Scots Guards, the regiment 
in which his grandfather served. He has 
newly entered upon his military career, but we 
have no doubt it will be worthy of the records 
of his family. 

It need hardly be stated that the Master of 
Maclean has inherited a love fur everything 
Highland. Nothing delights him better than 
to find himself among the Highland hills, 
where he can gratify his liking for " following 
the deer," and other manly sports. He has a 
passion for Gaelic music, and is a proficient 
player of the /liali-mhar. He naturally takes a 
very great interest in the success of the Ulan 
Maclean Society, which may fairly be described 
as one of the best of the many clan organizations, 
and which does excellent work. He was 
present at the recent great gathering of the 
clan which was held in the City i \ all, Glasgow, 
and over which his father. Sir Fitzroy, presided 
with chiefly dignity. The members of the clan 
hold him in the highest esteem, and they have 
good reason to congratulate themselves that 
the best traditions of the race are so worthily 
upheld by the present gallant Chief and his 
family. 

Editor. 



By J. H.^MiLTON AlrrcHELL, L.A. 



The Clan Mackinnon Gathering takes place 
in the Waterloo Rooms on the 5th February, Mr. 
Alexander K. Mackinnon, C.B., London, in the 
chair. Clansmen will please note. 



{Coiiliiiiieil from pdf/f 49.) 
Flora Macdonald as a .Jacobite — Could. 
^J^ S pointed out at the conclusion of last 
'^W chapter, Flora Macdonald was con- 
WM:. siderably alarmed when the proposal 
to take Prince Charlie to Skye, disguised in 
the garb of a female, was made to her. She 
at first strongly remonstrated, characterising 
the proposal as " fanatical and dangerous," as 
every ferry was guarded, and every boat seized 
which attempted to leave the island without a 
l^assport. The channel between Uist and Skye 
moreover, she affirmed, was covered with 
ships of war. For a time this resolution was 
stubbornly maintained, but when Flora was 
apprised how matters really stood, of the 
extremely dangerous situation and exhausted 
condition of the Prince— the gallant young 
soldier who only a few short weeks before was 
the idol of his army, and the hope of the brave 
and loyal of the British nation— her woman's 
heart gave way, and all sense of danger 
vanished. Thus was Flora INIacdonald moved 
to the deed which has given her so honourable 
and distinguished a place in the roll of British 
heroines. Her loyalty was roused; and the 
delighted O'Neil conveyed to her the Prince's 
assurance that he should ever retain a grateful 
recollection of " so conspicuous a service." It 
is pleasant to be able to relate that the good 
Prince was true to his word, and in after years 
never mentioned the name of his fair deliverer 
without a deep sense of gratitude. The poet 
Aytoun, with a true and sympathetic spirit for 
the occasion, has beautifully pictured to us the 
hapless Prince, after long years of exile, 
brooding over his adventures in Scotland. 
Again iii these lines do we hear him solilo- 
quising: — 

"Give me back my trusty comrades ! 
Give me back my Highland maid ! 
Nowhere beats the lieart so kindly 
As beneath the tartan plaid !" 

Her First Adventiire. 
Flora Macdonald, after her interview with 
Lady Clanranald, speedily repaired to her 
brother's residence at Milton in order to 
acquaint him of her designs. On her return 
she had the misfortune to be seized by a guard 




LIEUT. HECTOR F. MACLEAN, 

Y,„n„jrr or Diuirt 



Tin 



('i':i;ri(' .MoxriiLV^ 



rt 



of militia, and the enterprise by this untowavil 
accident was almost wrecked at its very outset. 
As it was she was detained jirisoner for the 
night, but happily the men were luider the 
command of her step-father, and on his arrival 
the following morning she was set at liberty. 

Though in the service of the Government 
Captain Macdonald of Armadale was at heart 



a Jacobite, and very probably he received 
from Flora some information regarding her 
immediate plans. He at any rate provided 
her with a passport requisite for her scheme, 
accompanied by a letter to her ni'ither in which 
he recommended '■ one Betty Burke, an Irish 
girl, who as she (Flora) tells me, is a good 
spinster." He also sent Neil MacEachan* 




FLi:)lt.\ .M.VUDONALI'. 



along with his daughter and Betty Burke '• to 
take care of them." 

PErS'CE CH.\IiLIE 

In the slumbering twilight of the 2Gth June, 
1"46 — fully two months after the fatal Battle 
of Culloden — took place the tirst meeting 
between Charles Edward and his fair preserver. 



Charles, accompanied by O'Neil, had then 
arrived in Rossiuish in Benbecula, whence he 
was to be conducted to Skye. Accordingly on 
the evening mentioned Lady Clanranald and 
Flora, along with Neil MacEachan (who carried 



" The fatlier of Napoleon's celebrated General, 
Marshal Macdonald, Duke of Tarentum. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



the garments suitable for the Prince's disguise) 
were conducted by Captain O'Neil to the 
wretched hovel in which Charles abode. There 
the ladies were confronted by a sight which 
brought tears to their eyes. The princely 
descendant of a line of kings whose pedigi'ee 
stretched far back into the remotest antiquity, 
was found preparing his own dinner, which 
consisted of such humble fare as the heart, 
liver, and kidneys of a sheep. On the 
appearance of the ladies he immediately rose, 
and courteously bidding them welcome, per- 
formed the duties of host with all the courtly 
manners of Royalty. 

Having donned the garb of the supposed 
Betty Burke, Prince Charles was next night 
conducted by Flora ]\Iacdonald and Neil 
MacEachan — he had previously been reluc- 
tantly compelled to part with his faithful 
attendant, O'Neil — to the shore where he was 
to embark on his 

Perilous Voyage to Skye. 

It was a terrible night. The rain was falling 
in torrents, and it was midnight ere the boat, 
manned by six stout oarsmen, was ready to 
sail. The prospect before the devoted little 
band was in itself appalling. Well nigh forty 
miles of open sea lay between them and their 
destination. But their hearts were strong and 
their courage was high. The gale was blowing 
hard, and the raging sea seemed every moment 
ready to engulph the little craft. To add to 
their miseries the thunder roared and the 
lightning Hashed in fitful gleams. It was 
indeed an experience sufficient to test the 
loyalty of the bravest. But never a murmur 
escaped their lips, never a word save the sea- 
men's instinctive exclamation: "Alas! alas! 
its rough " — and so it was. They did their 
work manfully and steadily, and without a 
grudge; the little vessel sped over the waves — 

'"Tis midnight ; a lone boat is on the tea, 
And dark clouds gather, but no thoughts of fear 
Chill those brave hearts ! A princely refugee 
Disguised — a faitliful maiden sitting near, 
Upon whose cheek anon there falls a tear — 
Fond woman's pledge of sympathy. A crew, 
Trusty and gallant, labour at the oars. 
The shifting wind white showers of spray uprears 
Like incense heavenward ; the water roars. 
While from huge murky clouds the lurid light- 
ning pours." 

Happily the wind drove the boat eastwards, 
and at the break of dawn the Cuchullin Hills 
were perceived rearing their heads through the 
mists. After a miraculous escape from capture 
the company landed at Kilbride, in the parish 



of Kilmuir, and near Monkstadt House, the 
residence of Sir Alexander Macdonald. 

[We are indebted to Mr. Alexander Mackenzie, 
M.J.I., the Clan Historian, for the use of the 
engraving of Flora Macdonald given on pre- 
ceding page, which ajjpears in his new edition 
of the " Life of Flora Macdonald" — Ed.] 

(To be continued) 



AN IMPRISONED SPIRIT. 



A Christmas Story. 




^' 



^\ ^^^^ 



^E was a bit of a bookworm, and very 
QJj=Sj[j much of a recluse, and though not 
unsocial the sight of a woman caused 
him more mental disturbance than a wrong 
translation or a misquoted passage would have 
done. Hence he avoided ladies' society, greatly 
to the ire and sorrow of !Mary ]Mackinnon, his 
nurse of old time and now his housekeeper. 

" It will not be right, Mr. Roger," she said 
severely. " You are getting on now — nearly 
forty, and what is to be done if you will not 
marry I We will be having a fat Englishman 
at Glenarva after you." 

Roger Mackenzie laughed. 

" Why ! who would have a fusty old stick 
like me ? " he asked banteringly, " besides, no 
lady would come to live in this old ramshackle 
house, it's haunted you know, Mary." 

" And your foolishness will be enough to 
make Lady Anne walk more than ever," 
retorted Mary. "She will not want an English 
lady here, where no Sassenach has been laird 
yet," cried the vexed old woman, angrily. 

"Never mind, Mary, neither you nor I will 
be here when the fat Englishman and his wife 
reign in Glenarva, we'll be past caring then," 
he consoled her, and Mary snorted with indig- 
nation. 

" But you will hold your Christmas like your 
father, though you wont be hearing reason?" 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



79 



pleaded the aft'ectionate old creature, and the 
laird relented. 

"Of course, Mary, you will do to-day as you 
have always done, only see that the tires are 
good ones, the rooms are chilly for want of 
use," he told her as he retui-ned to his study, 
and Mary was jubilant. 

" Mr Roger is a real Mackenzie for all his 
book-learning," she confided to Colin, the 
laird's "man.' 

Glenarva was a delightful old mansion, built 
at difl'erent periods, rather lonely, but situated 
amid ^magnificent scenery. The Mackenzies 
■were an ancient stock, and though untitled, had 
more than once married into noble families. 
The Lady Anne alluded to had been an Earl's 
daughter ; her tragic fate having origiaated 
the familj' legend that she revisited the scene 
of her lost earthly happiness on Christmas Eve, 
the anniversary of her death. 

'•It win be snowing heavily, Mr. Roger," 
said 3Iary as she served her master's dinner in 
the great dining-room, only used on that one 
day in the year. 

" That will soon block the road through the 
glen,'' the laird observed, as he drew aside the 
curtain and saw the white, whirling, fieece of 
snow outside. "There wont be so many guests 
at Mr. Stobart's I fear, Mary.' 

Wary scowled. Mr. Stobart, the rich 
Englishman who had bought the neighbouring 
estate, was her beti-uuir, every allusion to him 
ruttled her hot Highland temper. 

" That will be no sorrow," she muttered 
under her breath, and Mackenzie smiled, 
knovping her feeluig. 

In full view from where he sat at dinner 
hung the portrait of Lady Anne, a beautiful 
young woman in a quaint costume of a long 
forgotten fashion. The portrait had been 
painted by a good artist, the face was very 
sweet, the dark eyes wistful. "When he ruse 
from table Roger Mackenzie stood before the 
picture admiring it; he had always admired it 
more than the other female portraits, it had an 
odd attraction for him. He could just see, the 
light was not very good, the tire being a "red " 
one, the lamp rather low. But the wistful 
eyes seemed to regard him steadily. 

" A man may not mai'ry his grandmother," 
but, my dear, gentle, sweet great-great grand- 
mamma, had you and I hved in the same 
decade of the same century, I should certainly 
have been in love with you whether I had 
married you or not," he said quite aloud, as he 
gazed up at the fair face. 

A low, faint laugh rippled through the room. 
Roger Mackenzie felt a lireath of chilly wind 
pass his cheek. His hair rose with something 
akin to fear. Was the spirit of his ancestress 



laughing at his sentimental fancy, his lacka- 
daisical admiration ? He stood for an instant 
horror stricken, then forced himself to turn 
away. But was it fancy, or did he really see a 
dim shape flit across the darkness beyond the 
open door ? He could not be sure, but it was 
with strange thoughts in his heart that he took 
up the lamp to go to the large drawing-room, 
where Mary expected him to spend the rest of 
his Christmas Eve. 

That room was more cheerful than the other ; 
the fire blazed brightly, his coftee waited, and 
after he had drank it his shaken nerves became 
steady again. Like all true Celts, though 
superstitious, he was brave, and by the time he 
had got well into the pages of his book he had 
forgotten Lady Anne, the laugh, and his 
unaccustomed surroundings completely. He 
must have dropped asleep, the warmth and 
stillness were soothing. But a soft rustle, a 
faint breath of perfume seemed to pass by him, 
he started erect and stared round bewildered. 
The lamp was extinguished, the flame of the 
tire had died down, but enough light remained 
for him to see a pale spot of colour, a face, 
hovering between him and the door. Spell 
bound, grasping the arms of his chair, he leant 
forward gazing at the face as it slowly receded 
towards the open door. When it finally 
vanished into nothing in the gloom beyond the 
freezing horror seemed to go with it. Mac- 
kenzie sjirang up and rushed into the corridor, 
but all was silent, ghostly, the long dimly-lit 
passage was tenantless save for his own 
presence. He walked to its end, where the 
chill reflection of the snow cast a weird light 
through a tall, narrow window, but nothing 
rewarded his search, it had been no trick. 
The door of the long disused state bedroom 
was open — the room in which Lady Anne had 
died, and a shiver passed through the laird as 
be forced himself to close and lock it. He 
pocketed the key, and, strangely disturbed, 
returned to the library (his accustomed haunt) 
to finish his evening there as usual. 

But the face hannted him. It was a fair face, 
he tried to remember if it resembled Lady 
Anne, but he could uot indeed be sine, though 
he dreaded it had been hers. It was almost 
nine o'clock when old Mary, pale and scared, 
came running into the library, very unhke her 
customary staid, dignified manner. 

" What will you have done ! where will you 
have sent her, Mr. Roger ? " she demanded 
breathlessly.. "You have hidden her; you 
would not turn her out in the snow, whatever!" 

"Her! who! what!" cried the startled 
laird. '' Are you mad, Mary ! what on earth 
brings you here in such a flurry 1 " 

" llei- .' It's the young lady Mr. Roger ! the 



so 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



young lady that will seek shelter from the 
storm, she came in as you finished dinner," 
cried Mary, wringing her hands and peering 
about distractedly. 

Roger Mackenzie uttered a strange, hoarse 
cry as he sprang to his feet, and seizing one of 
the candles ran from the room followed by the 
old woman, who was silenced by the horror in 
her master's eyes. Straight to the state bed- 
room he sped, and unlocking the door, thrust 
the candle into Mary's hand and entered. On 
the lloor by the grand, funereal-looking bed, 
lay the figure of a girl, her face hidden under 
masses of loosened dark hair. Mary uttered a 
loud scream, but the laird with a muttered 
oath bade her be quiet, and lifting the sense- 
less girl in his arms carried her out and down 
to the library. 

Never a word did he speak as he worked, 
trying to restore the suspended animation, but 
while she helped him old Mary poured forth 
the whole story. He knew all, before the soft 
dark eyes opened to look at him, startled and 
terror stricken. 

" She will be going to the party, but the 
snow had drifted and the carriage could not 
pass. She will come when you finished dinner, 
Mr. Eoger, and laughed when she heard you 
spenking to yourself, but she would not be 
letting me tell you she was in the house. But 
she laughed again and said she must see you, 
for you were old enough to marry your grand- 
mother, Mr l?oger. And that angered me, so 
when I saw you sleeping when I took your 
coftee-cup away, I told her she could see then 
if she liked that you will not be old at all. So 
she went away up smiling again, and that will 
be an hour since and more, Mr. Eoger." 

It was all clear now. Mary was rather deaf, 
she had not heard his apostrophe to Lady 
Anne, but the stranger had, and the rest 
followed as a consequence of his silly speech. 
The young lady was long of coming round, but 
when her senses returned she i-eadily forgave 
the penitent laird. And when ilary had 
heaped the fire with coals and peats, and laid a 
hot supper on the small table beside it, Roger 
Mackenzie and his storm-stayed guest spent a 
delightful evening together, serenely oblivious 
of Mrs. Grundy, or any remarks that good 
lady might make. 

"I am Annie Steel, Mr. Stobart's step- 
daughter," said the young lady frankly. " I 
am Scotch, though not, mores the pity. High- 
land, and I was on my way home for Christmas 
Eve I had been visiting an old sohool mate 
in Inverness. I have spoiled //our Christmas, 
Mr. Mackenzie, I hope you forgive me for that, 
but I am not a bit disaj^pointed about not 



getting home. There are some people there I 
am not very anxious to know." 

"Spoil my Christmas," cried Roger, with 
uitense feeling. "Its the happiest Christmas 
Eve I've ever spent in my life I wish," he 
added with sudden boldness, '• I could have 
every succeeding one just as happy. Do you 
think you could manage that for me. Miss 
Annie ? " 

The bright face of Annie Steel flushed 
scarlet, her laughing dark eyes were cast down. 

" You imprisoned me when I came first," she 
said shyly. " Perhaps I >wii/ allow you to shut 
me up here for altogether." 

" You were only ' an im^jrisoned spirit '," 
said the delighted Mackenzie, as he took her 
hand. " The other will be a very dift'erent sort 
of imprisonment, dear, for I shall be a prisoner 
too, and you will hold the key — of my heart." 

" So you see Mary, there is'nt the least fear 
of that fat Enghshman reigning in Glenarva 
after all," Roger said laughing, when the 
atifectionate oM nurse was told how matters 
stood, just before her master drove away taking 
hia ^ttiincee home on Christmas Day. "But I 
suppose you wont shut the door in Mr. 
Stobart's face when he comes to call. He is a 
very good fellow, I assure you, Mary, if he is a 
Sassenach. And Miss Steel is not English, 
and she's going to have me if he will allow her 
to marry a man whose first love was his great- 
great-grandmother." 

The old woman laughed. 

"I told you to be quick, Mr. Roger," she 
said, her eyes twinkling, "but you will have 
been faster than I thought. And Lady Anne 
will not walk now ; she will not need." 

" Certainly not ! another Anne is going to 
take her place before next Christmas, you 
know," replied Mackenzie, as he helped the 
smiling, blushing girl into the carriage. ''You 
had better wish us luck, Mary, for you and 
Lady Anne have managed it all between you." 
" That I will, Mr. Roger, with all my he.irt," 
the old woman said, wijjing the joyful tears 
from her eyes. And she sent a very shapeless, 
very substantial shoe flying down the snow- 
covered drive after the retreating carriage. 
Janet A. M'Cullooh. 



The Clan MacMillan Social Gathering was 
held in the Queen's Rooms on 17th November, and 
was, as usual, a splendid success. The learned and 
genial Chief, Rev. Dr. Hugh MacMillan, occupied 
the chair, and was supported by Messrs. James P. 
MacMillan, Paisley, Robert MacMillan, Gleiicrosh, 
David MacMillan, Calvine, Dr. John M. MacMillan, 
Donald MacMillan, Partick, Daniel MacMillan, 
Donald MacMillan, Treasurer, etc. The chairman's 
address was elo(iiient and inspiring, and Mr. Donald 
MacMillan also made an interesting speech. 




DR. A. M. M'ALDOWIE, F.R.S E. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY: 

4 MAGAZINE FOR HIGHLANDERS. 

Edited by JOHN MACKAY, Glasgow. 



No. 5. Vol. V.] 



FEBRUARY, 1897 



[Price Threepence, 



A. M. M'ALDOWIE, M.D., F.R.S.E., 
STOKE-ON-TRENT. 



|p[^|HIS distinguished naturalist and anti- 
xj^ (juarian was born in Aberdeen, his 
^■^^ f;ither, Mr. John M'Aldowie, being an 
accountant in that city. He was educated at 
the local University where, in 187.5, he graduated 
■with highest academical honours in medicine and 
surgery, being a prizeman in most of his classes. 
He was also fortunate to receixe what was at 
that time considered the great University prize — 
the appointment of Resident Assistant-Surgeon 
to the Aberdeen Royal Infirmary for twelve 
months, during 1874-7.5. The subject of our 
sketch was subsequently Resident Medical 
Officer to the Royal Surrey County Hospital, 
and to the North Staffordshire Infirmary. 

Dr. M'Aldowie has been in practice in Stoke- 
on-Trent for the past sixteen years, and has made 
a special study of diseases of the brain and nervous 
system, on which, and kindred subjects, he- 
has contributed papers to the various medical 
journals. For these he was elected a Fellow of 
the Royal Society of Edinburgh. The learned 
doctor now holds the chief medical appointment 
in the district — that of Senior Physician to the 
North Staffordshire Infirmary, one of the largest 
provincial hospitals in England ; and he is also 
Medical Officer to the North Staffordshire Rail- 
way Coy., the Potteries District Post Office, 
Stoke Police, etc. 

From his boyhood Dr. M'Aldowie lias taken 
an active interest in natural history and anti- 
quarian pursuits, and has written many valuable 
papers on these subjects to scientific publications, 
and the Transactions of Natural History 
Societies. He is also well versed in folk-lore, a 
most interesting article from his pen entitled 
'•Personal E.xperiences in Witchcraft," appearing 
recently in Folk-Lore, which dealt specially with 



his own native county. He is a Vice-President 
(and Ex-President) of the North Staflfordshire 
Natural History and Archieological Society', 
and Vice-President, North Staffoidshire Literary 
and Philosophical Society. For several yeai-s 
he has edited the Transactions of the Stafford- 
shire Medical Society, and the N. S. Natural 
History Society, besides other scientific works 
relating to the district. In 1893 he puljlished 
an interesting volume on "The Birds of Stafford- 
shire." 

Although now situated so far from his native 
district Dr. M'Aldowie does not forget that 
he is a Scotsman and an Aberdonian, and we 
have no doubt but Aberdonians are equally 
mindful of their distinguished townsman. 



RONDEAU 

On VisiTixo Bannoi'kbuivX. 



At Bannockburn, where late I hied 
To view the plain of Scotland's pride, 
The golden corn waved o'er the lea 
Once dark with lines of soldiery : 
The wimpling burn their blood had dyed, 
I sought in vain — its course was dried; 
And but the Hore-stone testified 
Here Scotia's Standard floated free 
O'er Bannockburn. 

" This Bannockburn ! " close to my side 
I heard a Cockney voice deride, 
" Well ! wot they tikes us 'ere ter see, 
I owns its flabbergasted me ! 
A 'arvest field an' nowt beside 
Aint much ter brag of far an' wide ! 
1 syes it aint ter be denied 
'At 'Ampstead 'eath most suttenly 
Beats Bannockburn." 

Then quoth the list'ning Lowland guide 
With a sly smile he could not hide, 
" No muckle can ye see, say ye. 
In Bruce 's braes o' victory ? 
Ay, man, yet we mun a' agree 
Syne monij English cuin'^tae bide 
At Bannockburn 1 " 

Mavob Allan, 



82 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 




ISVEKLOCHY, 16i5. 

flip ORE than two centuries had elapsed 
Wu since the day that Donald Balloch 
— ^ routed the forces of James I. under 
the walls of In-verloehy Castle, when once again 
the tide of battle was to surge around the grim 
old fortress and crimson Lochy's silver stream 
with Highland blood. 

The great Marquis of Montrose was at this 
period, a d. 1645, in command of the loyal 
Highland clans for his royal master, Charles I., 
and had recently proved by his brilliant victory 
at Tippermuir that he was more than a match 
for the leader of the Covenanting army, the 
astute Argyll. With a view to still further 
humble the pride of that arrogant chief and 
indict condign punishment upon the rebellious 
Campbells, Montrose made a sis weeks' raid 
into Argyllshire, from December 13th, 1644, to 
January 29th, 1645, ravaging the country, 
burning the houses, and driving off all the 
cattle to provide food for his men, and then 
retired northwards along the Great Clen to 
Cille Chuimein (now Fort-Augustus) on his 
way to attack the Earl of Seaforth at Inverness. 

He had only just reached the shores of Loch 
Ness when news was brought to him by Iain 
Lom, the Keppoch bard, that the Marquis of 
Argyll had invaded Lochaber and was wasting 
the country with fire and sword from the 
fancied security of luverlochy Castle, where he 
was encamped with three thousand of his clan. 

Enraged at the news, Montrose at once 
decided to return by a forced march and attack 
Argyll before he could get wind of his approach. 
Led by Iain Lom (MacDonell), who being a 
native of the district was acquainted with every 
secret pass and devious foot-path among the 
Lochaber mountains, Montrose and his devoted 
Highlanders in spite of heavy snow and almost 
insurmountable difficulties arrived in Glen 
Nevis on the night of February 1st, 1645, after a 



most arduous and fatiguing march of over 
thirty miles. 

The Royal army was composed of the Mac- 
Donalds of Keppoch, under their Chief, Donald 
Glas ; the ^SlacDonalds of Clan Ranald, under 
the Captain of Clan Ranald ; the MacDonalds 
of Glengarry, under their Chief, .Tineas Mac- 
Donald* (ninth of Glengarry) and his two 
uncles, Iain Mor (first of Scotus) and Iain Beg; 
the MacDonalds of Glencoe ; and a large 
coptingent of MacLeans, MacPhersons, Mac- 
Gregors, Stewarts of Appin, and Robertsons. 
Clan Cameron sent three hundred men by 
command of the old Chief, Alein Mac Iain 
Duibh, who was too old and infirm to take any 
active part in the combat. The actual Chief of 
the Camerons at this time was Eoghan Dubh, 
afterwards the famous Sir Ewen, but he was 
only sixteen years of age, and by a strange 
irony of fate was living at Inveraray Castle 
under the protection of the Chief, who was 
now about to engage in mortal struggle with 
his Cameron kinsmen. Next to Montrose, the 
most important post in the King's army was 
held by Alasdair MacDonell, son of Coll Mae 
Gillespuig MacDonell, betber known as CoUa 
"Ciotach" (left handed Coll), Chief of Clann 
Iain Mhoir, or MacDonalds of Isla, Kintyre, 
and Antrim ; he had been sent over from 
Ireland by his father with a number of Irish 
retainers, and had proved himself a most able 
leader; in fact it may be truly said that most of 
Montrose's successes were due to MacCoU's 
good advice and generalship. 

When morning dawned the Campbells 
became aware that a hostile force was in their 
neighbourhood, but assuming that it only 
consisted of a small party of Camerons or Mac- 
Donalds assembled to protect the country from 



* The old Chief, DomhnuU Mac Aonghais mhic 
Alasdair, grandfather of .(Eneas, died on the 
day of the battle, over a hundred years old. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



further ravages, no great beed was taken, and 
beyond a little desultory firing on the part of 
the outposts, all remained quiet. It was, 
however, the ([uietness that precedes the storm, 
for no sooner bad the sun risen from behind 
the towering summit of Ben Nevis than a shrill 
blast oi trumpets and the war cries of Montrose's 
Highlanders, proclaimed to the astonished 
Argyll the presence of the King's army in his 
immediate neighbourhood. Startled and sur- 
prised, the Campbells arranged themselves for 
battle, and called upon their Chief to lead them 
against their foes, but whether from fear or 
cowardice, Argyll pleading as an excuse that he 
had hurt his sword arm by a recent fall, retired 



on board his galley which lay moored near the 
Castle of luverlochy, from whence he could 
view the battle in safety, leaving his clan to the 
leadership of his cousin, Duncan Campbell of 
Achnabreac. 

Deserted by their Chief in the hour of 
danger, and face to face with the redoubtable 
Montrose, it is no wonder that the Campbells 
were disconcerted, and a tradition exists that 
they endeavoured to gain an unfair advantage 
by means of a flag of truce. Montrose was 
disposed to listen to terms, but before he could 
give his orders an impetuous Highlander, Deors 
Jlac.A-laster by name, broke away with a large 
number of men and engaged in active conflict 



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ARGYLL ON BOARD HIS OALLEV, VIEWS THE BATTLE IN SAFETY. 



with the enemy. Montrose protested to his 
Major-General, MacCoU, at this breach of dis- 
cipline, but the only reply he received was : 
"He is a most brave man, my lord; and, by 
God, I will rather act with him than with 
thee ! " suiting the action to the word by 
immediately proceeding to charge the Camp- 
bells. Montrose had now no alternative but 
to give the word for a general advance. 

Space will not admit of a detailed account of 
the battle that broke up once and for ever the 
great military power of Clan Diarmid, and 
added more laurels to the brow of Montrose. 
Bravely as the Campbells fought they were 



unable to gain the advantage that numbers 
should have given them, owing to their condition 
of unpreparedness, and the defection of their 
Chief. Taken completely by surprise, they 
were overwhelmed before they were aware the 
enemy was upon them, and many turned and 
fled without firing a shot or drawing a sword 
in their own defence. Small parties here and 
there made a stand and Ijeroically attempted 
to contest the fortune of the day, but their 
efforts were of no avail, and a few minutes were 
sufficient to turn the army of JIac Cailean 
Mor into a disorderly rabble, flying for their 
lives along the shores of Loch Eil and the 



n 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



River Lochy, the while Iain Loin burled bitter 
satires upon them from one of the towers of 
Inverlochy Castle. Previous to the battle 
MacColl had offered the bard a sword, but he 
had excused himself from fighting by saying 
'■• Cha'n e siti mo (jlinuthiich cathaicliibh itibh^i'.'m 
innsidh iiiise" meaning that if he fell in battle 
there would be no one left to praise the victors. 
He composed a most powerfully descriptive 
poem gi^ing an account of the battle, entitled 
" Lcit/ia fiihhcr f,i<chmdh." 

It is said that fifteen hundi'ed Campbells 
were slain on this bloody day, a great number 
being drowned in their atteiupt to reach the 
Chief's galley by means of a rope which 
attached it to the shore, but which gave way 
under the strain Ai-gyll himself made no 
attempt to save the fugitives, for as soon as he 
saw the fate of the day was against him he 
gave orders for the sails to be raised, and 
extricating the vessel from the midst of his 
drowning clansmen, fled as fast as sails and 
oars could carry him. 

Campbell of Achnabreac was taken prisoner 
and brought before MacColI by his captors. 



ilacColl after a little unkind jesting at the 
unfortimate man's expense, asked him if he 
would prefer to be hanged or beheaded? 
"Alas '. " replied Achnabreac, "da dhiii, gun ami 
roghainn" (two evils and no choice), upon which 
MacColl, with one sweep of his huge double- 
handed sword, sheared off the whole of his 
head above his ears. This reply of Achnabreac 
is now a common saying in the Highlands, as 
also is the compliment MacColl paid to a man 
named Robertson, a blacksmith or tinker by 
trade, who had distinguished himself greatly 
in the battle. " Is truayh nach hn clicairil sinn gu 
It'll- iiti diiigh " ('Tis a pity we were not all 
tinkers today). 

Beside Achnabreac there were slain sixteen 
gentlemen and officers of Argyll's army, 
including Campbell of Lochnell, his eldest son, 
and brother Colin ; MacDougall of Rara with 
his eldest son; the laird of Gleusaddle, and 
Major Menzies, brother to the laird of Ard- 
chattan IJarbreck, whilst Montrose had only 
three men killed and one officer, Sir Thomas 
Ogilvie, son of the Earl of Airly, wounded. 

"VV. DaUMMOND-NoEIE. 



GOVAN HIGHLAND ASSOCIATION. 

Past and Present OrFicE-BEAKEKs. 




.V. D. JlACLtOD, UuBtRl JlAChl.NSON, DliNCA.\ MB.S?.1 

Treasurer. President, Clan Mackinnon Society. 
J>iiN JlAciav (Celtic Monlhli/), LiBUi. Dosalp MAClNrvRB, Euwabu'E. ITendersos, 
L'liicf. Chieftain. 




THOMAS MACKAY. 



fB.E CELTIC MONTHLV. 



85- 



THOMAS MACKAY, LARGS 

Vice-Presiden'[', Ci.an JIackav Society, 




Ipj^jHE recent election of 
^^ Mr. Thoiuas Mackay 
'^^ to the office of Vice- 
President of this popular 
Society, was in every way 
deserved. Mr. ^NFackay's 
interest has been of a 
jn-actieal as well as a senti- 
mental nature, a fact to 
■\\liich its bursary and other funds bear ample 
_ testunuuy. 

The history of Mr. Mackay 's family is rather 
a romantic one. His forebears hailed from 
Diithaich Mhic Aoidh (the Mackay country) in 
the far north, where in the early years of the 
present century his grandfather was a victim 
of the notorious Sutherland Clearances. Like 
many others of his clansmen he decided to 
emigrate to other lands, but the ship in which 
he took his passage was wrecked on the coast 
of the Isle of Man, near IJamsay, where he gut 
safely ashore. At that time the honourable 
profession of smuggling was considered a 
lucrative and gentlemanly one, and Mackay 
soon entered into the business with energy and 
considerable success. A plentiful supply of 
wine, silk, tobacco and other contraband goods 
was easily procured on the French coast, and a 
ready mai'ket was as readily found along the 
west coast of Scotland, and even at Glasgow 
itself. He also entered into business as a 
tobacconist in Douglas. Li 1S13 he married a 
native of the Isle of Man, of French extraction, 
and a few years later died, leaving a family of 
two sons and a daughter. 

Thomas, his second son, seems to have alsu 
engaged in contraband expeditious, one cargo 
being landed on the Holy Isle at Lamlash, 
Arran. In 1828, along with his mother, he 
came to reside in Glasgow, where he served his 
apprenticeship as a baker and confectioner. 
Ten years later he married Elizabeth Bruce, a 
native of Luss, Loch Lomond, and commeuced 
business on his own account, the Largs establish- 
ment being opened in 18i0, followed later on 
by a flourishing branch in Greenock. His son, 
Thomas, the present genial head of the firm, 
in due course succeeded to the business, and 
by his ability and industry has earned f'lr 
himself a reputation second to none in his trade. 
Mr. Mackay is deeply interested in the work 
of the Clan Society, especially in its educational 
and benevolent schemes, his desire being that 
every young ]\Iackay should have opportuuies 
afforded him of receiving a good education, and 
becoming master of a profession or trade. 

EnlTOl!. 



HIGHLAND HEATHER 

Bonnie grows tlie rosu in the garden sae fair. 

And the lily blooms sweet in the vale ; 

The sun-flower flaunts'proodly its braw gowden 

crest, 
'Mang the hollyhocks sturdy and hale. 
Oor ain Scottish thistle is dear to my heart, 
And the blue bells I weel loe tae see ; 
But tliere's ane I loe better by far than them a',' 
The sweet mountain heather for me. 

C/(on(.s-— Then \ here's tae the heather, 
The sweet purple heatlier ; 
That grows on oor mountains, 
Sae bonnie and free ; 
Of a' flowers the f.airest. 
The sweetest, the dearest ; 
The pride o' the Highlands, 
The heather for me. 

In tlie days o" lang syne uor bold Highland chiefs. 

Wore its flowers in their bonnets o' blue ;* 

On Bannockburn's held, and Drummossie's dark 

muir, 
It was borne by the gallant and true ; 
Fu' bravely they fought for their freedom and 

hame, 
Their King and their country tae save ; 
Noo they peacefully sleep 'neath auld Scotia's 

soil, 
And the heather blooms fresh ower their grave. 
Clionis — Then ! here's tae the heather, etc. 

It minds me o' days, when a oallant sae blythe, 

I hae roamed over mountain and glen ; 

When life was a' bliss, and I had ne'er a thocht, 

0' the troubles that noo I weel ken ; 

It murmurs o' luve, and it whispers o' hame, ■ 

Tae oor brithers far oot ower the sea ; 

And gars ilka heart wi' emotion tae thrill. 

When the heather's sweet blossoms we see.- 

Cliiiyn.s — Then 1 here's tae the heather, etc. 

W. Dki.mmonii-Norie. 



* All branches of the Clan Donald, and many of the 
other Highland clans, wear the heather as a 
badge. 

As this song will shortly be put to nuisic by Mr. R. 
Buchanan, Jr. , all rights are reserved by the author. 



The Annual Dinner of the Uaelic Societv 
of Inverness was held in the Caledonian Hotel, 
and was perhaps the most successful ever held 
under the auspices of this flourishing Society. 
Cluny Macpherson of Cluny presided, and was 
supported by many of the most eminent of our 
Celtic scholars. Toasts were proposed or responded 
to by the chairman, Sir Henry C. MacAndrew, 
Provost Macpherson, Kingussie, Alexander Mac- 
bain, Alexander Mackenzie, Thomas A. Mackay, 
and others. A new volume of TramKtcfions is in 
the press. 



86 



1:HE CELTIC MONTHiii? 



THE STORM BRIDE. 



A Tale of Last Century, 



^JFtV' ARKNESS was creeping over the bleak 
^1?* l) bills of Barra. The rising winds were 
J==^ beginuLug to moan around the rocks 
with an eerie sound like the wail of a banshee. 
All along the darkening shores the waves were 
breaking mournfully, each one lit up with a 
glint of wan light reflected from the rifts 
between the fl.ving clouds. Down by a creek 
that was cast into a deeper gloom by the over- 
hanging crags there was just light enough left 
to make out the form of an old grey seal that 
was swimming noiselessly among the weedy 
rocks, and far above the bay of the castle a 
night bird was sending its wild yammering 
cry along the mirky mountainside. 

Presently, the form of a woman wrapped in 
a cloak could be made out creeping stealthily 
along the rocks in the direction of the creek. 
When she had descended to the shore and 
gained the shelter of the overhanging crag, 
she stood still. But stealthy as her passage 
along the rocks had been, her footfall on the 
pebblts had been heard between the gusts of 
the rising witid. The old seal slipped quickly 
from a rock mto the icy water and made for 
another and a safer hiding place. From the 
top of the crag came the sound of a low whistle, 
which was answered in turn by a faint call 
from the form that crouched in the gloom 
below. In the space of another minute a man 
descended the crag, and when he had gained 
the shelter of the rock the woman came quickly 
to meet him. 
" Mairi ! " 
" Angus ! " 
******** 
The lovers had met by appointment at the 
creek. Angus of Moidart was a stranger in 
Barra and had won the heart of Mairi M'Neill. 
Although Angus was a good Catholic like the 
M'lSIeills, still Alairi's relations were determined 
that she should wed one of her own people, and 
not a MacDonell from the mainland. So it 
was that Fergus M'Neill — Black Fergus, the 
women called him — had been promised the 
hand of Mairi. But her heart was all with 
Angus. 

They dared not meet by the light of day. 
For between Fergus and Angus there had 
sprung up a deep-rooted hatred, and Fergus 
bad sworn an oath that if he should meet 
Angus in the company' of j\lairi he would draw 
his dirk and strike. The look on the face of 
Fergus when he thought of his rival was like 
the blackness of the winter night. 



To make the case of Angus more desperate, 
the wedding was fixed for the morrow, and the 
old priest vvith many a misgiving had consented 
to join the hands of Black Fergus and Mairi in 
wedlock at the altar. 

It was the last night for Angus and Mairi 
together. The sky was angry with the 
gathering storm, and the winds were beginning 
to whiten the waves in the darkness as they 
tumbled in from the sea to be spent on the 
beach. The lights of the huts above the bay 
of the castle were seen shining faintly through 
the gloom The men were inside mending 
their nets by the light of the swinging cruizie 
lamp, and the women sat by the peat tires 
carding their wool or crooning the lament of 
the sea maiden, to the sound of the sobbing 
wind outside. 

" Mairi " said Angus, after they bad again 
drawn themselves within the shadow of the 
crag, "I have been to old Father Kane, and it 
is himself that is not willing to marry you to 
Black Fergus. But he was telling me how 
they used to marry people away out on the 
islands in the west of Ireland when he was a 
young priest in Galway. And if you are 
willing to sail out with me to Maldoanich this 
very night, it is Father Kane who says he will 
marry us when he sees the fires lit on the 
island." 

'•It is like to be a wild night, Angus," said 
Mairi, with a troubled look out to sea. 

" But it is our only chance," replied Angus, 
Then he added in a slower tone, " To-morrow 
they will ^ved you to the Black Fergus." 

" Angus," replied the girl in an instant, " I 
will go. And it is I that will not be afraid 
when you are near me," 

And the moon rode out from between the 
driving clouds and sent a glave of silvery light 
to fall upon the island-lovers in a flood of 
blessing as they plighted their troth in the 
name of the Holy Virgin, 

******** 
An hour later the wind had risen to half a 
gale, and was coming up from the gloomy 
south-west with a hissing sound like the breath 
of the spirit of night. A boat was rushing 
through the tumbling seas, driven pnly by a 
close-reefed lugsail that threatened every 
moment to give way before the fierce gusts. 
Crash, crash, crash, went the boat; now buried 
in a cloud of spray and spindrift as a rolling 
wave broke over her bows; now flying madly 
like a demented living thing as she raced along 
the ridge of the seas. In the bottom of the 
boat a woman crouched, half reclining, half 
sitting, on the top of some great sacks of fuel 
that were covered with a black tarpaulin, the 



teE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



8^ 



salt sea dripping from her hair and from the 
ends of her tartan plaid. At the tiller a mau 
stood with a hard set face that was lit up 
again and again as a shaft of moonlight broke 
from the cloud and shewed his eyes cast to 
windward, that he might watch every sea 
that struck the labouring boat. It was Augus 
and JMairi on thek way to Maldoanich. 

"The moon will be leaving us now, Mairi, 
and there is another mile to go yet. Is it 
afraid that you are, to be out cm a night like 
this!" 

"No, Augus, there will be no tear in me 
when I am with you." And a great sea broke 
in a drenching shower over the lovers and 
made the timbers of the old boat shiver from 
stem to stern. But on again like a witch she 
flew, with the wind shrieking in the shrouds, 
and the mast bending like a whip under the 
heavy strain. 

They wei-e nearing the island at last. They 
could see already the light in the shepherd's 
shelling above the landing place. Now the}- 
had gained the lee of the point, and the seas 
were smoother and Ihe winds lighter. In tive 
minutes they would be at the jetty. The 
danger was past I 



When they had reached the shore they began 
taking out the three sacks of fuel that had been 
kept dry by the tarpaulin. One was fall ot 
wood, another was full of dry heather and 
bracken, and the third was tilled with peat. 
These they carried one by one up to the top of 
a little crag where there lay on the heather a 
great flat slab of granite. On either side of 
the stone they piled up a heap of wood and 
heather and peat, so that ere long the two fires 
were ready tor the light. 

"Augus," cried Mairi, with a note of alarm 
in her voice, " your hand is full of the red 
blood ! " 

"And what is a drop of blood to a man ou 
his wedding night? It is better that the 
blood should be drawn by a rope, than by the 
dirk of Black Fergus." 

" It is better indeed, Augus," replied Mairi 
with a shiver. In the passage across, the sheet 
of the sail had twice torn the skin from his 
hand when the boat plimged. 

" And now, JMairi, I will be going for old 
Ian and his son at the shelling to be oiu' 
witnesses." \\'ith these words he began to 
descend the dark hillside in the direction of 
the sheUing. And the girl was left alone. 

A change had passed over the sky. The 
moon was gone. The wind blew as fiercely as 
before. But a spot of rain began to fall 
occasionally on the cheek of the Highland girl 



as she sat waiting in that lonely place. Her 
thoughts were wild and disquieting. What if 
old Ian would not come out ou such a night .' 
What if Father Kane did not see the fires .' 
What if he should not light one ou Barra in 
answer to their signal ? What if the rain came 
on before Angus retui-ned to light the dried 
fuel ? 

It was of all these things she was thinking, 
when suddenly she heard voices in angry 
tlispute coming out of the darkness, and turning 
round she saw the tiare of a torch moving up 
the hillside and coming near to the place where 
she sat. It was Angus. And surely that was 
old lan's voice. And here were all three of 
them panting and breathless with the stiti' 
climb. 

The old man's annoyance burst out afresh at 
the sight of Mairi. "What woman's trick is 
this, to be dragging an old man out on a night 
when the Black Spirit himself is abroad? " 

"There is no time to be telling you now Ian. 
liuari will explain it all to you in the morning. 
Stand by and help me to light the fires before 
the rain comes on. For it will be a black 
night of storm this before long." 

So the three men set about getting the first 
fire lit. The dr}' heather went up instantly in 
a great tongue of flame that lit up the place 
where they stood so clearly that young Ruari 
noticed that the hand of Mairi was trembling 
as Angus led her up to the great stone slab. 

" Come Mairi, it is time to stand up on the 
stone. And you, Ruari, when j'ou will see a 
fire lighted on Barra, above the bay of the 
castle, kindle the other tire with your torch, 
for that is the signal to Father Kane that we 
are ready." 

So in the midst of the wind and rain they 
stepped up(jn the rude altar and stood waiting. 
AU the four strained their eyes iu the direction 
of Barra. But there was no flame to answer them 
out of the darkness. The wind was blowing 
their first fire into a roaring blaze that almost 
licked the dripping clothes of Angus as he 
stood on the stone. One minute had passed. 
Two minutes had passed. There was no sign 
on Barra. And the gii-1 was trembling with 
excitement from head to foot. Would the 
answer never come '! 

Then suddenly in the far distance of the 
wild night a light was seen rising and falling 
and growing like a flickering spark in the mirk. 

" See, ^lairi," cried Angus, " there is the 
answer. Do you see it, Ian ? Do you see it, 
Ruari ? " 

"It is a fire on Barra," replied the old 
shepherd. 

" Aye, it is the answer," shouted Ruari in an 
excited voice. 



88 



THE OELTIC MONTHLY . 



" Then light up the second fire, Ruari," 
cried Angus. And the second flame leaped up 
into the night as a pelting torrent of rain 
swept across the hill. 

" We wUl join hands now, Mairi," said Angus 
in a low voice. And as the two clasped hands 
there was no sound anywhere but the sound of 
the whistling winds and the blinding rain and 
the roaring tires. 

It was a weird bridal. The great rain- drops 
fell into the fires with a hissing like the hissing 
of a snake in the heather. The wind had 
blown the tartan plaid from the girl's shoulders 
till it streamed out like a banner between the 
two fires. Her black hair shone in the light 
like the wing of a raven. Far away the spark 
of light kept rising and faUing with the 
wind. The man stood clasping the girl's hand, 
but his eyes were steadily fixed on the far away 
light. Fainter and fainter it grew. The time 
must be nearly up when the priest should 
finish his service. Another flicker. Then 
another. Still there was no word spoken, for 
all were breathlessly watching the light. At 
last it disappeared altogether. Then there 
was nothing left but the black wild night, with 
the driving wind and rain that swept like a 
thousand angry storm fiends across the waters 
far below. 

" Mairi, it is over now, and the Black Fergus 
will be troubling you no more." 

" Oh Angus, it is a blessed night for us," 
repUed Mairi, as she stepped down from the 
Btone. 



"It is I that swear in the name of the Holy 
Virgin, to love you with a man's true love, and 
to stand between you and every danger that 
will be coming upon you. The Mother of God 
herself is my witness. " 

This was the bridal vow that Angus of 
Moidart made to !Mairi. 

The two men, Ian and Ruari, had disappeared 
in the darkness, and the hujTicaue of wind and 
rain had almost put out the the two smouldering 
fires. But in the solitude of that wild place 
with the spirit of night revelling around them, 
the island lovers had plighted their troth. 



All this hapijened long ago when the priest's 
word was as the word of Uod himself .to the 
people of the islands. It was just the year 
before the King came over the water and 
landed at Eriskay with his handful of followers. 
And when the clansmen gathered from every 
island to fight for the white cockade, young 
Angus Macdonell was one of the first to 
cross the seas between the Long Island and 
Moidart to fight by the si'de of his old Chief, 
Macdonell of Keppoch, who sacrificed himself 
so nobly at Culloden for the Prince he loved. 

And in the after days when the hair of jNIairi 
was no longer black, and the step of Angus no 
longer firm on the heather, they used to recount . 
to their children's children the strange tale of 
the wedding on Maldoanich. 

TORQHIL MaCLEOD, 



OUR MUSICAL PAGE. 



IpraiHE following song and tune are the 
y^ compositions of Mr. John MacOalium. 
(j^^ The Song is one of those which were 
sent in under the cum petition for Poetry at 
the recent Gaelic Mod. It was adjudged 
third place. We have much pleasure in 
submitting it to our readers along with the 
music, as an example of what some of them 



should follow. Gaelic musical composers are 
few, and it is encouraging to meet with one now 
and again. If Gaelic singers were doing their 
duty as they ought, songs produced in their own 
day should have more encouragement from them 
than they receive, and this one with its fine 
bold air and appropriate sentiment, should at 
once be lifted into popularity. C. M. P. 



Glecs D. Gu smiorail 



CANAIN NAN GAIDHEAL. 



: d . I'l 
Kann —A 



Cblaniia 



t I d' : -.t 
nan Gaidheal 



1 

'tha 



I'liteach 



s I 1 : 
nan aleann. 



d.' : -.r' 
fayaibh 



cliuiuiUn' 



: 1 
deai'h 



dhilfub 



n I !■ : 
nan treun ; 



THE OELTIC MONTHLY. 



8!) 



: n .r 
Bithibh 



d : -.d : d I s : -. 

dileas do 'n Ghiiidhli 



d' : -.d' 

arach 



d' I r' : 

iir clann 



d 

'Sa 



rt' : ~ : r' . d' I s : n : s 
chainut mhilis bhlasda bh' ais 



GaisscicU 



d'.r' I d' : 
na Peinn. 



; n . r I d : -. d : r I ri : n 
'S ioma Gar - laochan leib - id 



f 
each 



s : 1 : s I m 
's peasan iiach tiii 



s I Pi' : -. r' : d' I r' : -. d' : 1 
'Tha 3UI1' chur a sios oirr' 's 'ga 



n I r 

gu b:\s, 



: d . r I n : -. r : d i r : -. n : 
'Car an ceill nach 'eil britrh innt' 



1 : -s : 1 Id' 
a\i 'm mill i bliur cliii, 



dh' aontaich cuid 



r : -. n 
tuairsweul 



d 

ti'iir. 



: n ., f I s : -. n : s 
Seisd — Feuch gu 'n seas sibh wu 



d' : - 
cruaidh 



n ., s 
canain 



1 

nam 



d' : 
buadh ; 



: d' 1 

Caomli 


n' : -. r 
chiinain 


: d' 1 
ur 


I : 
sinnsir 


: n' ., r' 1 
Cainnt na 


d' : - 

math 'r ! 


: d.,n 1 
Cainnt nan 


s : 

'akr ! 


: n' ., r' 1 
Dh' aindeoin 


d : ~ 

fuath. 


: n .s i 
mairidh 


d' : 

buan 



d.,1 

's i's 



Cainnt na h-Alba 



I 1 : 
luaidh 



r'.d' 



d' . r' 



Tha na Gaidheil o'n dachaidh, am bailtean nan 
Gall, 
'Ga cleachdadh gu duineil 's 'ga cumail a suas, 
'n a dh' fh:\g iad an tir 's moid tha 'n oridh' oirre 
'n geall, 
'S cha dearmaid iad i air son ral-rim no duals. 
Ach an fheadhainn tha 'chorahnuidh an solas 's na 
glinn, 
Tha traillean 'nam measg nach cuir meas oirr' — • 
's b' e 'm beud — ■ 
Dream nach teagaisg do 'n oigridh cainnt bhoidh- 
each Siol-Fhinn, 
Ach Beurla lag liotach, tha ciotach 'nam beul. 



'S mdr an t-urram 'chuir Blacai air Canain nau 
Gaidh'l 
Nuair 'sheas e a ciiis — cha bu diiiid e'n iim feum — 
Fhuair e' Ghaidhlig a shuidheachadh bunaiteach, krd 
An Oil-thigh Dhun-Eideann, "s cha teid i do 'n 
Bug. 
'Us a nis o 'n 'tha 'n sar Chomunn Gaidhealach fo 
sheol, 
'Ga 'togail gu h-kirde thar chiich, mar bu nos, 
Tha mor mhiadh anns gach hit' air a bilrdachd 's a 
ceol, 
'S a cairdean na 's lionmhoir' gach bliadhn' aig a' 
Mhbd. 



Rev. Hugh MacMillan, D.D., Chief of the 
Clan MacMillan Soiiety, has been appointed 
Moderator of the Free Church Assembly. High- 
landers all over the world will rejoice that such a 
high honour has been conferred upon their dis- 
tinguished countryman, the learned Moderator 
being a native of Perthshire. 



A Clan La,mont Society has been successfully 
inaugurated in Glasgow, the membership being 
already most encouraging. It is intended to bring 
out a work shortly dealing with the history of the 
clan, and in doing so the Society will do good service, 
for at present little is really known of the history of 
this ancient, and at one time, very powerful clan. 



90 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



TO CORRKSPONDENTS. l/ti, Assembly 2/6, -which can be had from the Hon 

All Co,n.n,.ni,-ations, on^ literavv and business Secretary, John Mackay, 9 Blvthswood Drive. 

matters, should be addressed to the Editor, Mr. JOHTI Glasgow. 

MACKAY, 9 Blythswood Drive, Glasgow. ^^^^ ChaTTAN ASSOCIATION.— The third Annual 

'~®~' Gathering of this Association was held in the 

TERMS OP SUBSCRIPTION.— The CELTIC (jrand Hotel, Glasgow, on 22nd December— Mr. A. 

MONTHLY will be sent, post free, to any part of the Mackintosh Mackintosh, London, the clan historian, 

United Kingdom, Canada, the United States, and all in the chair. There was a large attendance, among 

countries in the Postal Union-far one year, 4^. those present being Captain Mackintosh, President, 

^ __^ Messrs. D. A. S. Mackintosh, Vice-Fresident, 

~ ^~^ ^^ ~^ W. G. Davidson, Secretary, Andrew Mackintosh, 

The Celtic Monthly. secretary, Edinburgh branch, etc. The chairman 

FEBRUARY, 1897. ill the course of his interesting address referred to 

^ ^ ^^ __-__ ,^ the history of the great Clan Chattan Confederacy, 

" ^^^ o r* T E l>J T s. to the clan feuds and the famous conflict on the 

„ „ ^ „ „ _ __ ~ , ..,, ,„,.i o, North Inch of Perth, and finally to the question of 

A M M'Altjowie, M.D., F.R.S.E., Stoke-os-Trest (with plate), bl ,, i ■ r i • t, • i i i • j r i\t i ■ 4. u c 

■^■" ',' ' , ^ ^^ the chiefship, which he claimed for Mackintosh of 

RONDEAU— On Visiting Bankockburn (poem), . . - si ""= ^ '^T ^^' n i • ht 1 ■ 4. v, j i\/r wr r- 

I (11 St ated) ... 82 Mackintosh. Captain Mackmtoah and Mr. W. G. 

Oorx Xhland Tssociation; .■.';..: 81 Davidson also addressed the meeting, after which a 

Thomas llACKAV, LARGS (with plate), - - - - - B5 most enjoyable evening was spent. 

HiQiiLASD Heather (poem), 85 Captain James Mackay of Tkowbridgk, 

The ST0R.M Bride, - se President of the Clan Mackay Society, has just 

ciuR Jiusic.iL Page-canain NAN Gaidheal, - . - 88 been swoHi in as a JusticB of the Peacc for Wiltshire. 

To OUR Readers, - - 9» q^^j^ hj^j^ ^y Ma.tor-GenERAL C. S. Thoma- 

lliNOR Septs of Clan Chattan (illustrated), - - - 91 ^^j,_p.^^^ j, ^f this most interesting and valuable 

SAI.NT KEssoo (Illustrated), ■>- ^.^Hgction of Pibrochs wiU be in the hands of 

RUAR..IDH5IACR.™, - ■ " • ■ • subscribers in a few days. It will consist of the 

JiiHN MacGregor, Craigie, Perth (with pKatc), - • - sio i ■ i c u u 

,. „v..,„ i\\\„^tr.,t.A\ 06 notation, examples, and sixteen pages of pibroch 

Flora Macdonald, (iliustrateo), 'o . , , , , ■ , xi. mu Z. j.i 

Mr Run (poem) • - - ■ . ' ')8 music, neatly bound in cloth. Thereafter the various 

i'nThe ISLE OF EE (poem), ..---■ 98 parts will be issued on the Jst of each month. The 

«L«NPARo (poem), 98 parts, 13 m number, will be pubhshed at 4|- each ; 

THE RoTAL Scots Orevs, Part IX. (illustrated), - - - 99 the complete volume, bound, tor i,2 Js. Intending 

^ subscribers should communicate with the publisher, 

OUR NEXT ISSUE. Cc//ic 3/(>M(/ih/, l» Blythswood Drive, Glasgow. 
Next month we will give portraits, with short Gla.sgow Cowai, Shinty Club. — Mr. John 
biographical sketches, of Surgeon Lieut. -Colonel Mackay, Editor, Celtic Monthly, and President of 
and Mrs. J. MacGregor (photos arrived too late for the Club, was presented with a valuable gold scarf 
this issue); the late Colonel Prank Duncan, Aber- ring, set with diamonds and saphires, by the 
deen; and Mr. Alexander Cameron, EiTicbt. In members of the club, as a token of esteem, and in 
addition to these Mr. Charles Fraser-Mackintosh acknowledgment of his many services to the club, 
will commence an interesting series of illustrated BROSE.-The origin of this seductive 
papers on the Macbeans, a sept of Clan Chattan. ^^ ^^^^.^^ j^^,^j^ ^^ honoured place in every 
Celtic Monthly. Volume IV.— As we are only jyjg^^, ^^ ^ ^gH appointed Highland Dinner is not 
able to supply a few complete bound copies of generally known. Once on a time a district of 
this volume, some of the parts being already out of country m the north was infested by a formidable 
print, those who desu:e copies should communicate savage, who roamed about in a state of nudity, 
with us at once. The price is 10|- post free, and murderuirr and robbing with impunity. A con- 
copies can now be had from the Editor, Mr. John giderable grant of land having been oftered to 
Mackay, 9 Blythswood Drive, Glasgow. anyone who might overcome this enemy of his 
Clan Mackay Society. — The arrangements for kind, a member of Clan Murray devised a scheme 
the great gathering of the Clan in the Waterloo for his capture. Knowing of a spring where the 
Rooms on 11th February, with Lord Reay, Chief wild man was used to drink, he placed near it a 
of the Clan, in the chair, have now been completed, vessel containing a mixture of uisge-betitha and 
.ind the reunion promises to be the most successful honey, and from a place of concealment watched 
ever held by the Society. INIembers have written events. In due time the victim appeared and was 
for tickets from all parts of the kingdom, several allured by the bait, partaking of it to such an 
from London, while many others who are not inordinate quantity that at last he lay on his back 
Mackays have expressed their intention to be intoxicated. He was then easily secured. This 
present out of respect to the distinguished Chief of incident is the origin of the two 'supporters' to the 
the Clan. coat-of-arms of ^tlie Murrays, viz : — one a naked 
The Reception and Dinner to Lord Reav savage, the other a man clothed in his right mind, 
will be held in the Grand Hotel on the same day at Such is the tradition in Gle..devon, Perthshire, as 
4 p.m., and the attendance of ladies and gentlemen derived from a farmer, at one time tenant on the 
is expected to be considerably over 100. Those of Tullibardine Estate. It would be interesting to 
our readers who intend being present should apply obtain particulars of the locality and date of the 
for tickets at once. I he prices of the tickets are incidents, 
as follows :— Reception and Dinner 7,6, Gathering Giend.^voii. Kenneth Mathieson, Jr. 



THE OELTIO MONTHLY. 



91 




The MacGillivuays- -< 'mitinuul. 

fN 1819 the rent from 59 tenants was as 
follows: — Easter Aberchakler, 13 tenants, 
— £266 Hs. 9:;cl.; Dunmaglass, from Vi 
tenants, £453 8s. 9cl ; Faillie, 6 tenants, £161 
10s. lOd.; Easter Gask, 9 tenants, £1.59 15s. Od; 
Wester Gask, 9 tenants, £102 5s. Od.; Inverer 
nie, 4 tenants, £70 3s. Od.; Wester Lairgs, 5 
tenants, 160 13s. l.'.d. Total from 59 tenants, 
£1372 10s. 6|d., and it will be kept in view 
that shooting rents had not begun. 

John Laehlan was very wild in his youth, 
and Sherift" Eraser, Farraline, one of the guar 
dians, had some difficulty in compounding for 
his pranks at the College of St. Andrew's in 
1797. 

He purchased a Cornetcy in the 16th Light 
Dragoons in 1800 for £735, and a Lieutenancy 
in the same regiment in 1802 for £262 10s., 
and was very extravagant. Eortunately he left 
the army about 1805, when he married Miss 
Jane Walcott of Inverness, a lady who had 
much influence with him for good. They lived 
at Culduthel, Drummond, travelled abroad a 
good deal, but had no regular residence except 
Inverness. After his wife's death Dunmaglass 
led a somewhat retu-ed life, and many will 
recollect his tine military carriage, and how 
well he sat on horseback as he took his daily 
rides. 



His father-in-law, Captain Thomas Walcott, 
thus refers to him in his holograph will of 
1807: — "Item to John MacGillivray, my own 
desk that I write at with the old stock buckle 
that he gave me. Had I anything worth bis 
acceptance, I should out of gratitude have left 
it to him." 

His rental at his death was only £1496 4s. Od., 
which included £180 for shootings. This was 
about the same as in 1819, but the tenants had 
been reduced from 71 in 1803 to 59, and in 1852 
numbered less than half or 35. 

He died in 1852 possessed of some £40,000 
of money, which was destined by will, including 
a year's rent to all the tenants; also the 
heritable estates undisposed of, but free and 
unburdened. A severe competition arose as to 
all the estates except one, that of Easter 
Aberchalder, there being no doubt that it fell 
to the Hon. John MacGillivray of Uj^per 
Canada, heir male of line of Donald, Tutor of 
Dunmaglass, and eldest surviving son of 
Farquhar MacGillivray of Dalcrombie. Dun- 
maglass, Easter Gask, and Wester Lairgs was 
destined to heirs male, and the contest was 
betwixt the said John MacGillivray, who dying 
his son, Neil John, descendant of Donald the 
Tutor, on the one part, and the Rev. Laehlan 
MacGillivray, descendant of WUliam of Lairgs, 
brother of Donald the Tutor, on the other part,- 



92 



THE OELTIO MONTHLY 



the question being whether Donald or William 
was the elder, and determined in favour of Neil 
John. 

Failhe, Wester Gask, and Inveremie were 
destined to "the heirs and assignees of ('Ian 
Chattan,' and competed for by the said Neil on 
the one part, and the descendants of Jean 
'' Eo}-," sister of Lachlan ''Lia," and daughter 
of Captain William Ban MacGillivray, all before 
mentioned, on the other part, the latter con- 
tending that being the nearest heirs of John 
Lachlan, the limitation to being of Clan Chattan 
had become inoperative Judgment was given 
for them, and shortly after, these estates were 
sold. 

XI. — The Hon. John succeeded as heir male 
to John Lachlan in 1852, and died in 1855. 

XIL — Neil John, who succeeded his father, 
John, in .Aberehalder and made good bis claims 
to Dunmaglass, Easter Gask, and Wester Lairgs. 
He sold the last two estates, and was succeeded 
in Dunmaglass and Easter Aberchalder by his 
son. 

XIII. MacGillivray — The present Dunma- 
glass in whose time, alas, the remaining estates 
had to be compulsory sold, and the whole of 
the once important estates of the ^lacGillivrays 
are lost to the Clan Chattan except Wester 
Lairgs, which is the property of The .Mac- 
kintosh. Though the MacGillivrays are now 
dissociated from all landed connection with 
Strathnairn, their memory ought not and is 
not likely to fade, for lainDonu Mac Shenmais- 
vic-Dhaibhidh truly said of the name and race: - 

" Gradh do 'n dronig luinneacli, 
Mhuirneacb, aigennacli iir 
Acliduinneacli, chluiteach 
Mliuirnicht' tV aguinn an ciiirt 
An fliine nach crion 'sa shiolaidh 
Fad' as gach taobh 
Silr Briiighich an Duin 
D' an tug mi mo rim a chaoidli. 



Air chaismeachd luath, 

Thig do ohairdean gu tuath o dlieas ; 

Fir ghlinne 's glain snuadh, 

Thig a' Muile nan stuadli bheann glas, 

Peighinn-a'-Ghaeil le 'sluagh 

Thig thar bhuinne nan cuaintean bnas, 

Bidh iad again 'san uair 

Mu 'ni bi mulad no gruaimean ort." 

The changes in property and occupation in 
Inverness-shire within the last fifty years have 
been very great. Small proprietors have 
disappeared, and small occupations have been 
joined to large possessions. No MacGillivray 
now owns land, and the name has been so 
scattered, as to be now found in the greatest 
numbers in clan gatherings and associations 
within the great cities of the south. Mac- 



Gillivrays have a fine record to look back upon- 
and it is relied on that wherever thay are they 
will act up to it. 



SAINT KESSOG. 



The Patron S.\int of the Colquhoun 

COUXTKV. 



Peace to the shades — the pure Culdees 
Were Albyn's earliest Priests to God, 

Ere yet an island of her seas 

By foot of Saxon Monk was trod. 

Jt^AINT KESSOG being the Patron Saint of 
C^^ the Coiquhouns, I venture to hope the 
^H' the following record.s of his devoted life 
may be of interest to some members of the clan. 
It may be remembered that in former issues of 
Celtic Monthly, i.e. April, May, and June, there 
were short notices of the " Hoary Saint " in 
connection with the islands of Loch Lomomi, 
and understanding moi-e particulars would be 
welcomed on the subject, I beg to offer them to 
the clansmen. 

Saint Kessog was one uf that distinguished 
band of Missionary Bishops who came from the 
great monastic schools of Ireland in the fifth and 
succeeding centuries to plant the Christian 
Church in Scotlan<l. There is doubt as to the 
exact dates at which Saint Kessog was born and 
died, the chroniclers varying between 520 .and 
760 A.D., but si3eaking generally, the missionary 
was alive and spreading the gospel in that 
glorious epoch of early Celtic Church history, of 
which Columbus and Kentigern (or Saint Mango) 
were the pride. It was a marvellous age of 
missionary enterpri.se, with results which to 
some might apjjear e.xaggerated had these 
pioneers of Christian civilisation not indelibly 
impressed their personality upon the public 
memory in the names of three hundred Celtic 
Churches throughout Scotland dedicated to them. 
The date assigned to Saint Kessog, or Saint 
MacKessog in some calenders, is March 10th, 
■520, but David Camerarius (De Scot. Piet. lib. 
III.) says — "Superis dedit MakKessogum Boins 
sub annum Christ! dex aims Congalli regis 
secundo." 

Saint Patrick had been dead only a few years, 
and Columba was soon to bid fair to eclipse the 
luighfcy British apostle. Saint Bride of Kildare 
was still founding her communities of women. 
Brendan had scarcely begun his insatiable quest 
for the " Isles of the Blest," now termed the 
I.sland of Bute, which was the chief seat of his 
cult, and Mod;in of Roseneath was resting from his 



TMe CELTIC MONTHLY. 



tt;} 



labours, when Kessog- was alive in 520. If he 
siiivived till 560 he had not by that time left his 
work in Ireland, nor had Molaise with his 
"comely choristers" barned his angelic songs 
into the pagan hearts of the west. Kessog, 
however, began his wanderings long after the 
Dalriadians of North Ireland had firmly planted 
their new Dalriad on the western shores of 
Scotland. He was of Royal lineage, like 
Columba, and came of that dynasty which held 
the commanding Rock of Cashel, his birthplace. 
This was the capital of Munster, and from its 



impregnable position gav(' its Royal possessors 
a dignity becoming Kings. In its golden vale, 
then the envy of marauders, now of tourists, 
Kessog or " Kessoc," little " Kess," was reared. 
Although it is not safe to dogmatise their 
etymologies, this name may have been appro- 
priated from his own great master Jesu. He is 
sometimes titled MacKessoc — mo honorific and 
oc. diminutive (Dempster's Menologinm has 
Makkessog). In the " Florarium," strange to 
say, he is called " B. Bessogi Episcopi it Con- 
fessoris," a form of his name which H. Fitzsimon 




KOSSUlir CASTLE, LOCH LU.MoXD AN A.N'tlENT SEAT UF THE COLljUHOU.N Clnl;i<. 



in Ills catologue of the Irish Ssints give.s as 
" Bissog-um.'' ( )f his early history even the 
" Acta Sanctorum " has little to tell. However, 
that wonderful repertory recites on the authority 
of the Aberdeen Breviary (Pars. Il3'em f. Ixvi. a) 
the following story, which might be a link 
between the name and its origin in a greater. 
When Kessog was a boy he was in the habit of 
performing mii'acles-— (apocryphal accounts of 
Jesus attributes the same power to him). On 
one occasion, Kessog's father had invited his 
collateral Princes to a grand banquet in the 



suspicious fortress of Cashel. Young Kessog 
and other youthful Princes had gone to amuse 
themselves by the side of the pool, when all of 
them fell into the watei-, and were, with the 
exception of Kessog, drowned. Kessog ran 
home and informed his father. But the fathers 
of the Princes, suspecting foul play threatened, 
before leaving, to burn the town, in spite of good 
advice given to them by a wise man called 
Elinthus. Kessog, however, was equal to the 
emerg-ency, and after a night c>f [irayer, he is 
said to iiave restored the boys, who were 



S4 



THE OELTIO MONTHLY. 



supposed to have beeu drowned, alive, becomiug 
tbeir " little Saviour." 

Kessog must have been of genius and acquire- 
ments far above the average of others around 
him, to have gained even the reputation of being 
a worker of miracles, but which of the great 
schools of Ireland had the honour of educating him 
for the Chuich is not known. According to some 
authorities Kessog was also called "Moshenog of 
Beitheach" and "Senau." Like other Irish 
missionaries he followed the great stream of 
emigration northwards, and ultimately settled in 
the kingdom of "Strathclyde." 

If place-names could give any indications of 
the route of Kessog's pilgrimage we find Kessog's 
or Kessack's Ferry at Inverness, a Church 
dedicated to him at Auchterarder, another at 
Callander, " lom-ma-Chessag," where also a 
Fair which bore his name, " Fel-ma-Chessag," 
was held on the 21st of March (lOth old style). 
Similarly, Fairs called after Kessog were held on 
the Saint's day at Comrie and at Cumbrae, and 
he found his resting place at Luss. Strathclj'de 
corresponded to the Valentia of the Romans, and 
embraced that part of Scotland between the 
Clyde and the Derwent. Its capital was Al- 
Cluth-Dumbreton, and the Britons lived in it. 
Immediately west of it lay the Irish (Scots) 
kingdom of Dalriada. These kingdoms were 
frequently at war with each other, and soon 
Kentigern was persecuted out of Strathclyde, 
indicating how little Christianity had spread in 
the sixth century. 

Kessog's fame as a " priest soldier " was no 
less spread than his reputation as a jireacher and 
" holy blessed man," for according to Dempster 
(Menelogium) his name was invoked by the 
" Braves " of IjOven, and his picture as a soldier 
carrying a .charged bow lent them courage. 
" In Levinia Makkessogi Episcopi cujus uomen 
a militibas, operose imploroatur et ipse militari 
habitu cum sagittis area tenso depiugitur. " 

It was most likely after this period of his 
active labours that Kessog sought retirement in 
the lake which before he had only once visited. 
Inch Louaig, the " Colquhouus' deer forest," is 
perhaps the most beautiful of all Loch Lomond's 
islands, and it was on its shores that one of the 
latest Chiefs was drowned. But it was on 
Inch-ta-Vanach (the "island of the monk's house") 
that Saint Kessog cast anchor for life. Alas! for 
those who were the assassins of him who 
honoured " Inch-ta-Vanach " bj' making it his 
earthly home. It is not known whether he met 
his death by the wooded shores of Loch Lomond 
or in a far foreign land, but it is certain he 
suffered martj'rdom for the truth, as has been 
related in a former paper, and the Saint was 
ever afterwards held in profound reverence in the 
whole region of the Lennox, or " Levanax." 



A Church was dedicated to Saint Kessog at 
Auchterarder, and it was granted in the year 
1200 by Gilbert, Earl of Strathearn, to the 
Priory of Inchaffray (Sir William Praser, "Chiefs 
of Colquhoun "). At thi.s Church of Auchter- 
arder, named after Saint Kessog, worship was 
celebrated till middle of the 17th century. The 
Aberdeen Marty rology concludes his bi(igraphy 
by saying that " full of grace he entered the 
Heavenly places, and was solemnly buried in 
the Church of Lus." His name was long after- 
wards held in reverence, and e^•en in the days of 
"(iude King Robert" we find the "Brus" 
granting to the Church of Luss " Deo et Beato 
Kessogo," a sanctuary of three girths. The 
Charter is preserved at Buchanan Castle, and is 
reproduced [in the "Chiefs of Colquhoun" by 
Sir William Fraser, Vol. II. pp. :34-3.5. The 
Clan of MacKessock is called after Saint Kessog. 
Some of the oldest surnames are those derived 
from Columban Saints. The process of evolution 
was after such as follows : — A child in baptism, 
or after baptism, by Tonsare was put under the 
guardianship of a departed Saint. The child so 
dedicated was called " Gillie," or servant of such 
a Saint. " Gille Cheassaig " would be the 
servant of Kessog, as " Gillie Calum " was the 
seivant of Saint Coluraba. The son of the 
Gille would be "Mac-Gille Cheassaig," and in 
the next generation the Gille would' drop out 
and the " Mac " would be written large. There 
is a Clan of MacKessock s on the coast of the 
Moray Firth, who probably came with Colin, 
Earl of Argyle, married to the widow of the 
Regent Murray, and was a great potentate there 
between 1572 and loB3. 

A squire of low degree called Maciosaige mar- 
ried the elder daughter of Robert the Bruce, and 
received a thanage in the north from her brother, 
King David, which he retained many years after 
his wife's death. Maciosaig and the Brucean 
Princess had two daughters, one of whom 
married John of Lome, and the other became a 
nun. The MacKessocks of Moray ma}' therefore 
have after all gone to the north with Bruce's 
son-in-law. A branch of this Clan emigrated to 
Australia, and some of its members settled in 
Ayrshire. Ages have passed away, but he who 
is dead "yet speaks," and his example has not 
faded from the earth. Of Saint Kessog it was 
true what Goethe says — "Where thou beholdest 
genius there thou seest also the martyr crown." 
Sometimes tha martyrdom is life-long, and 
sometimes, as in his case, it is crowned in death 
sharp and bitter! He was a follower of Christ, 
and he knew he must conquer and see in the 
" laud where joys wear no shroud " the gems he 
won for the crown of the Redeemer ! 

F. Mahy Colquhoun. 



*rHE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



95 



The following Story gained first prize in the Gaelic 
Prose Competition at the recent Mod at Perth. 



RUARAIDH MAC RATH. 



Le "Eileanach." 
(Christina MacDougall, Eilean Siiona.) 



{Continued from page 69.) 

f^|HUIR Se6naid an uidheam-sgriobhaidh 
Uh air a' bbord, agus thug i fheiii uice an 
'Qi' rud a bha i a' figheadli, gun t'hacal as a 
l)ial, ach bha i cho ban li anart. 

Clia robh e idir fada lis an litir, agus an uair 
a bha i deas, thug e do 'n nihnaoi i, agus leugh ise 
a mach i mar a leanas. 

" A nihio, fhuair uii do litir a nochd, agus 
tha e ag cur ioghnaidh ro-iuhoir orm an naigh- 
eachd a tlia oirre. Tlia eagal orm gu bheil thu 
a' diiinamh droch fheum de na talantan a fliuair 
thu, agus air learn gu 'n d' fhuair thu cuid nihath 
na 'n cuireadh tu gu buil iad, mar bu choir dhut. 
Tha tio.s agad fhein, a mhic, gu 'n robh mise 
leigte ris, o'n rugadh tu, gu 'n rachadh tusa air 
aghart airson na ministrealachd, agus gu 'n do 
chuir mi air leth air a son thu o d' oige. Ach 
an deigh na rinn mi, is ro dliuilich learn gu bheil 
thu a' dol calg-dhireach an aghaidh mo thoil-sa, 
agus toil do mhathar. Mur 'eil thu 'g ad' 
fhaicinn fhein freagarrach airson na dr^uchd so 
an drisda, is e do dhleasdanas do dhichioll a 
dhianamh a chum thu flicin uUachadh ni 's 
fhearr air a son. Is coltach learn nach 'eil tliu 
a' dianamh sin; agus tha thu a' toirt airgiod 
uamsa, agus tha sin a dh' uireasbhuidh air an 
teaghlach air do shonsa. Cha 'n abrainn dad, 
na 'n dianadh tu mar bu mhath leam leis, ach 
cha 'n 'eil thu a' dianamh sin, a.gus a mhic, cha 
chuir d' athair sgillinn tuilleadh hugad, oir tha 
e a' faicinn nach dian thu ach do thoil fhein, air 
cho math is gu 'n dian esan riut. Iha do 
mhathair bronach mar a tha, ach tha Se6naid 
'g a do sheasamh, ged is olc an airidh air thu. 

Ach, a mhic, tha fios agam gu bheil feum 
agad air airgiod, agus nach urrainn duit a bheag 
a dhianamh as eugrahais, agus air a shon sin, 
tha mi a' cur hugad [an drasda punnd Sasunn- 
ach. Cuir fios h-ugam an uair a gheibh thu e, 
agus innis dhuinn ciod a bhitheas ann do bheachd 
a dhianamh.'' 

"Ni sin an gnothach, Iain," ars' a bhean, is i 
'g a sineadh air ais da. Chaidh am punnd 
Sasunnach a chur innte, agus a dimadh, air 
choinnimh a' ghille litrichean. 

Faodaidh sinn Iain agus an teaghlach fhagail 
car tacan, agus a dhol a dh' amharc Ruaraidh 
ch&ir — am fear a thog a' bhruithinn uile ; ach 
airson sin fiumaidh sinn caibideil eile. 



An daka CAiRinEiL, 

Tha sriiid ghoirid chumhann ann an Glaschu, 
a' tionndadh suas o aon de na sraidean m6ra, 
agus is ann ann an se6mai' a bha tri staighrichean 
OS cionn na sraide a bha Ruaraidh Mac Rath 
a' fiiiieach aig an am so. Bha an t-aon se^mar 
a' dianamh a h-uile feum dha ; bha e araon 'n 
a' sheomar cadail, bidhe agn.s ionnsachaidh, agus 
eadar a h-uile rud a bh' ann, is gann gu 'n robh 
elite gluasaid aige fh6in. 

Bha e 'n a shuidhe taobh an teine, agus cha 
robh am fear sin mor, agus cualach leabhraichean 
ri' thaobh, ach cha robh e a' toirt sid orra aig 
a' cheart am. Bha a cheann crom, is e ag 
coimhead anns na h-eibhleagan. Bha e inu 
bhliadhna no dha thar an fhichead ; caol, ard, 
agus fait fada dubh air nach faca deimheas o 
chionn iomadaoh latha ; bha bathais fharsuinn, 
shoilleir aige, agns biia an t-suil a bha foipe cho 
be6 ris a' ghriosaich dheirg a bha mu choinneamh. 

Chual 6 farum coise air an staighir, agus an 
ceann tacaia thiinig fear de 'chompanaich, 
Alastair Mac-an-t6isich, fear a bha as an aon 
aite ris fhein, agus a' toirt a mach an aon ionn- 
sachaidh. Is e so am fear a bu docha leis de na 
bha anns an Oilthigh uile, ged bha meas gu 
leoir aig a li-uile h-aon diu air fhein. Bha iad 
comhla o 'n blia iad 'n an cloiun, agus ged chuir- 
eadh iad a much air a' cheile, is mairg a rachadh 
eatorra, oir bhiodh iad fh^in reidh gu leoir ann 
an tiota. " Cia ar son nach sgioblaich thu do 
chuid leabhraichean, a liuaraidh," ars' am fear a 
th^inig a stigh, " seaoh iad a bhi 'bualadh 'n am 
chois aig a h-uile ceum ! " 

" Dian suidhe, Alastair, tilg na leabhraichean 
air an iirlar, cha ruig thu leas suidhe orra, tha 
mi fhein a' toirt droch dhiolachd gu ledir dhaibh, 
ged nach suidheadh tusa orra." 

Dh' eirich Ruaraidh fh6in, agus thog e a' 
chathair a nunn a dh' ionnsuidh an teine, agus 
chuir e hVmh ris fhein i. Shuidh Alastair oirre, 
agus dh ' fheoraich e dheth an robh e trang. 

" Cha do rinn mi car o chiunn seachdain, ach 
mar tha thu 'g a m' fhaicinn. Tha mi 'toirt aon 
sill thairis air an rud a dh' fheumas mi o latha 
gu latha, ach sin na bheil mi a' dianamh.' 

" Is ciamar tha diiil agad a gheibh thu roimhe 
mar sin, a Ruaraidh 1 " thubhairt am fear eile. 

" Cha 'n 'eil mi ag iarraidh faighinn roimhe 
an drasda ; de dhianainn-sa ged gheibhinn 
roimhe? cha dianadh ach breugaire dliiom fhein, 
oir tha fios agad fljein nach 'eil de 'n chreud 
agamsa mar bu choir dhi bhi, agus cha 'n urrainn 
mi gun sin a leigeil a mach ris an luchd-teagaisg, 
is cha'n'eil teagamh agam nach e sin tri earr- 
annan a rinn mo thilgeil aig a' cheasnachadh mu 
dheireadh." 

(7'o be concluded^ 



9() 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY 



JOHN MACGREGOR, CRAIGIE, PERTH. 




_^^^. r is with great 
ll£' pleasure that 
:==. we give this 
month a portrait of 
one of the most 
representati\e men 
of the Clan < J regor. 
Mr. MaoGregor was 
born in the " Fair 
City " on 19th May, 
1815. He received 
his education at Stewart's Free Scliool, in virtue 
of his father being a Free Burgess of the city. 
He served an apprenticeship in a Land Sur- 
veyor's office, and in 1838, two years before the 
introduction of the uniform penny postage 
system, he received an appointment in the Post 
Office. It is interesting to learn that at that 
time a letter to Edinburgh cost 7Ad., Glasgow 
Bid., London l;2id., Belfast i;5|d'., etc. " In 
1870 Mr. MacGregor was promoted to the post- 
mastership, and retired some ten years ago with 
a substantial and well merited pension. During 
those fifty years of active service he had seen 
and taken part in the introduction of those 
great developments in our postal service which 
today makes it an indispensible and educative 
minister to our daily wants, and it may be said 
to Mr. MacGregor's credit that he discharged 
his onerous duties with zeal and ability, gaining 
the respect and good will of all classes. He 
was the recipient of a handsome presentation 
from tlie postal staff at Perth ; and from the 
Session of the Established West Kirk, of which 
he had long acted as Treasurer, he received a 
valuable silver salver, suitably inscribed. 

Although thus leading an active life, he found 
time to take a practical intei-est in the public 
aflairs of his native city, more especially those 
of a philantrophic and charitable nature, and 
notwithstanding his eighty odd years this sturdy 
soil of Clan Alpine is still busily occupied with 
public duties, being a member of committee 
of management of the Bible Society, Prison Aid 
Society, King James VI. Hospital ; besides 
being a member of the Pertlishire Society of 
Natural Science, of which he was for many 
years Hon. Treasurer, etc. 

There are few more enthusiastic members of 
the Clan Gregor Society than the subject of this 
sketch. He assisted at the resuscitation of the 
Society in 1886, and is at present one of its 
Extraordinary Directors. He is deeply learned 
in the history and traditions of his clan, and 
nothing gives him greater delight that to narrate 
some of the thrilling incidents relating to the 
wild days wlien the name of Mac(iregor was 
proscribed. 



FLORA MACDONALD. 

An Anhiveesary Sketch of the Jacobite 
Heroine. 



By J. Haiiilton MrrcHELL, L.A. 



{C'ontiinied f'niin /icii/i' 78.) 
Monkstadt House. 

fT so happened, fortunately, that Sir 
Alexander was at this time at Fort- 
Augustus in attendance on the Duke of 

Cumberland. His place was well supplied by 
the presence of his wife and the genial old 
factor, Macdouald of Kingsburgh, both of 
whom were thoroughly loyal to the exiled 
family. Flora, accompanied by Neil Mac- 
Eachau, now walked to Monkstadt to seek 
their aid. 

Charles meanwhile sought refuge in a small 
cave above high water mark. After a hasty 
visit from Kingsburgh and the faithful Mac- 
Eachan he was left alone in his hiding place 
for the night. The picture of the poor 
wanderer during all these long hours as he 
listened to the howling wind and the raging 
tempest outside is indeed a sad one — 

" Hard by a rock that juts into the main. 
Hid in a darksome grot, he pines away 
In want and S(jlitude the tedious day ; 
The sad retreat his followers dare not trace. 
The hostile i)innace anchors near the place ; 
With hostile troojis each neighbouring island 

swarms, 
And all the adjacent plain is bright with arms." 

But who can say that even durmg that dreary 
night poor Charles did not feel happier under 
the care and protection of his loyal friends 
than did the foreign tyrant who so ingloriously 
tilled the Stuarts' throne at Westminster, and 
who — 

"... reign'd not in the general heart ; 
To fury's gripe resigned th' imperial sword, 
Nor heard when pity's feeble voice implor'd ; 
Nor knew, exhalted on a distant throne, 
How delegated pow'r made luis'ry groan ( " 

It would be but reasonable to suppose that he 
did. 

A consultation was held at midnight in- 
Monkstadt House to determine what steps 
should now be taken for the safety of Charles. 
After some discussion it was finally decided 
that one of those present, viz :' Oajstaiu Donald 
Roy Macdonald, should at once set out for 
Portree, to be followed later by the Prince, 
Kingsburgh, Miss Macdonald, and Neil Mac- 
Eachau. On the way thither Charles spent 




JOHN MACGREGOR. 



THE OELTIO MONTHLY. 



A Nk.HI' A'l' KiNGSBl'RiiH Hoi SE. 

It was a late hour when he and his companions 
arrived, and Mrs Macdonald was roused from 
•her slumbers to prepare supper. Then followed 
a pleasant hour or two. At the table ilrs. 
Macdonald presided, having on her right the 
Prince and Flora Macdonald on her left. After 
supper, when the two ladies had retired, 
Charles produced a small black pipe which he 
humorously called his "cutty" and enjoyed a 
smoke while his host was busy getting the 
punch ready After so many wanderings and 
undergoing so much fatigue the unfortunate 
Chevalier fully realised the comfort of his new 
surroundings, and his customary cheerfulness 
returned. He commended Kingsburgh on the 
excellence of the drink, talked merrily and 
showed no inclination t<> retire to rest. It was 
not indeed till his host insisted on breaking up 
the company that he finally consented. "After 
they had emptied the bowl several times," says 
Mr. Chambers, '' Kingsburgh thought it 
necessary to hint to the Prince that as he 
would re(iuire to be up and away as soon as 
possible on the morrow he had better now go 
to bed, so that he might enjoy a proper term of 
sleep. 'Jo his sm-prise Charles was by no 
means anxious for rest. On the contrary he 
insisted upon another bowl that they might, as 
he said, finish their conversation. KLugsbiu-gh 
violated his feelings as a host so far as to 
refuse this request, urging that it was absolutely 
necessary that His Royal Highness should 
retire for the reason he had stated. Charles 
as eagerly pressed the necessity of more drink, 
and after some good humoured altercation 
when Kingsburgh took away the bowl to put 
it by. His Royal Highness rose to detain it and 
a struggle ensued, in which the little vessel 
broke in two pieces, Charles retaining one in 
his hands and Kingsburgh holding the 
other. The strife was thus brought to an end, 
and the Prince no longer objected to go to bed." • 

The bowl, it may be mentioned, was carefully 
preserved and neatly clasped with silver. It 
afterwards passed into the possession of Colonel 
Macallister of Glen Barr, Kintyre, who married 
Miss Macdonald of Kingsburgh. 

PoRTEEE. 

Next day the Prince proceeded on his 
journey, attended again by Flora Macdonald. 
Kingsburgh also accompanied them part of the 
way, carrying with him a new Highland suit 
which Charles at a certain part of the road 
exchanged for the serviceable but troublesome 
garb of "Betty Buike." The Prince then took 
leave of his loyal old friend in affecting terms, 
and after a long and dreary journey in a down- 
pour of rain, the pai-ty reached Portree, where 



they were met by ('aptaiu Roy Macdonald and 
the young Laird of Kaasay. 

L.4ST Meeting of Flora and the Prince 
On the beach of Portree on the 30th June, 
174:0, the Prince took a last farewell of the 
brave girl who had so fearlessly risked her life 
and undergone so many perils and privations 
on his behalf. The parting was a most 
affecting one. Charles held Flora's hands in 
his, but words sufficient to express his grati- 
tude would not find a way through the husky 
passage of his throat. With the tears rushing 
unbidden down the cheeks of his bronzed and 
now haggard face, he stood for some moments 
silently looking at her. He then handed her 
his miniature encased in a gold locket, and 
taking oft' his cap bent down and twice kissed 
her gently on the forehead. As he entered the 
boat which was to carry him away he turned 
towards her and said: "For all that has 
happened I hope. Madam, we shall meet in 
St James's yet." The hope was not realised 
and they never met again. Charles, as every- 
one knows, escaped abroad to die in exile a 
broken hearted old man of sixty- eight. But a 
dift'erent and more -glorious fate awaited his 
fair preserver. 

Arrest and Imprisonment. 
The Government when satistied that their 
intended prey had actually escaped, at once 
proceeded to let loose its vengeance on all who 
had rendered him any assistance. Clanranald 
and his lady were imprisoned in the Tower, 
while the aged Kingsburgh was for some time 
confined at Fort-Augustus and afterwards in 
Edinburgh Castle. Flora on parting with the 
Prince visited her mother at Armidale, and 
after a stay of a few days there returned to her 
friends in Uist. She was not long back when 
she received a summons to appear before the 
authorities to answer the charges preferred 
against her. Her relatives, alarmed for her 
safety, advised her to seek refuge in the wilds 
of Hecla, but glorying in the deed which she 
had just accomplished she obediently surren- 
dered and freely confessed everything. She 
had no fear of the Government, she remarked, 
as she had done nothing of which anyone 
might ever be ashamed — 

" No motive base my fearless mind could move, 

Nor mad ambition, nor presumptuous love ; 

My kindred, peaceful subjects to your reign. 

Against your pow'r have drawn no sword in vain ; 

Yet thro' the years our cointry's record trace. 

Our ancestors obey'd the exil'd race ; 

And when they yielded to the frown of fate, 

We mourn'd their hopeless fall from regal state. 

To loyalty, by pious precepts led, 

We ever sacred held the anointed head ; 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



And thought each branch of that long hallow'd line 
A partial sharer of the ' right divine ' . '" 

On her examination being concluded she was 
permitted to proceed to Armidale to take leave 
of her mother. Soon after she was placed on 
board a Government vessel and conveyed a 
prisoner to Dunstaffuage Castle. Thence she 
was taken to Leith Roads where she remained 
some weeks, being visited daily by large 
numbers of enthusiastic admirers 

(To be continued). 



IN THE ISLE OF EE. 



ELLEN, MO RUN. 




• — vya/\>- '^cy^/v^f—* 



Ellen, mo Bunl See the sun is fast sweeping 
Out from his star-covered tent of the night, 
He calls to the flowers to wake from their sleeping, 
He calls to the birds for a song of delight ; 
His beams in their glee, 
Are calling on thee — 
Ellen, mo Rim. 

Ellen, mo Run ! in thy fair beauty glowing, 

Never a sunbeam so bright as thou art. 
My boat is awaiting, a soft breeze is blowing. 
To bear thee away, gentle soul of my heart ; 
It comes from the aea. 
And whispers to thee — 
Ellen, mo Rim. 

Over the sea young Clanranald is speeding 

With Ellen his love, from the isles of the west. 
Onward they go their pursuers unheeding, 

The wind in the sail and love tilling each breast ; 
The wtives sadly sigh. 
As o'er them they fly — 
Ellen, mo Riin. 

Their arrows are flying ! their claymores are 
gleaming ! 
Ochone ! for Clanranald protecting his bride, 
A warrior he stands tho' his life-blood is streaming, 
And falls at her feeet in hia beauty and pride ; 
And with his last breath, 
He murmurs in death — 

Ellen, mo Rfin ! Ellen, mo Rim 

Sunderland. WlLLIAM AllAK. 



' Se 'n ceol a's binne 
Guth mo luaidh." 



Do you mind that day, best of days, Kirsteen ! 
Wlien fate, smiling kind, linked our ways, Kirsteen, 
By a moonlit strand where the fitful sea 
From angry fret had turned to glee. 
Now rippling laughed, now smiled serene, 
At the thought of you by his side, Kirsteen. 

Wearied Sol had gone to his rest, Kirsteen, 
To his couch in the far, far west, Kirsteen, 
And Luna bright in the halls of night, 
In her robe of lustred silvern light. 
Marched on, methought, a peerless queen, 
I ne'er had seen thee then, Kirsteen. 

I remember well the chime, Kirsteen, 
Of a distant bell, telling nine, Kirsteen, 
When low and clear to my wond'ring ear 
A sweet voice came from the sea-brink near, 
You thought yourself unheard, unseen. 
As you sang that night by the sea, Kirsteen. 

But it heard that night did the sea, Kirsteen, 
And it lost its heart — like me, Kirsteen, 
The tameless sea from its lawless caves 
Came fain to thy feet with suppliant waves, 
But all cannot win in love, Kirsteen, 
So the sad sea moans and laments, Kirsteen, 

Do you mind that day, best of days, Kirsteen? 
When fate, smiling kind, linked our ways, Kirsteen, 
In the Holy Isle, in the Isle of Ee, 
The isle of my joy in the Western Sea, 
Of earth's fair isles, the bounteous queen, 
The isle that gave me thee, Kirsteen. 

K. D. M. 



GLENFARG. 



When the pearly light of the sweet Spring day 

Has banished the Winter's pain. 
When the blackbird fluteth his tuneful lay. 

And pipeth his love -lit strain, 

Then the air is sweet with the blossomed spray 

Of the thorn that stars the lane ; 
When the pearly light of the sweet Spring day 

Has banished the Winter's pain. 

I love to stray where the Farg in play 

Sweeps singing to the plain. 
To listen the blackbird's rondelay. 

In the woodland's depths again ; 
When the pearly light of the sweet Spring day 

Has banished the Winter's pain. 

W. CUTHBERTSON. 



THE CET,TIC MONTHLY. 




Part TX. — (Conlhund frmii piiiie f*!^.) 
T>ATTI.F, OK SHEEIFFJimr. CiDit i lllli i/. 

rarajHE ui»ht was cold and very frosty, and 
ViS' Sunday morning broke in mist and fog. 
' • -*> The Highland army was at length seen 
advancing in order of liattle, in a somewhat 
disorderly manner, yet animated with a loyalty 
that savoured of fanaticism. When the lines 
drew nearer it was seen that each had diverged 
too much to its right, so that the left wings of 
both were outflanked. 

Argyll's right wing was fully formed, but a 
portion oi his centre and left had not yet 
deployed into line. Mar perceived this and 
instantly resolved to attack. He put himself 
at the head of the right brigade of clansmen, and 
waving his hat led them on. The Chief of the 
MacLeans as he rushed to the front, cried, 
" Gentlemen, this is the day we have long 
wished to see. Yonder stands Mac-Cailean 
Mor for King George, here is MacLean for 
King James, charge! gentlemen, charge!" 
Flinging aside their plaids, they fired a volley, 
then dropping their muskets they charged, 
sword in hand, amid the smoke, and fell tumul 
tuously with loud shouts and yells upon theii' 
opponents, who returned the fire with precision, 
by which, among many others, fell the young 
heir of Clanranald, mortally wounded. This 
was Allan Muidartach, famed in the Highlands 
to this day for an Ossiauic degree of heroism, 
and almost princely magnificence. The fate of 
this heroic nobleman caused a temporary pause 



in the advance, till Glengarry, throwing his 
plumed bonnet in the air, shouted in his native 
language, "Revenge! revenge to-day, mourning 
tomorrow ! " 

Roused by this appeal, the Highlanders 
resumed their headlong charge, and breaking 
completely through Argyll's left wing drove it 
from the field with great slaughter, by sheer 
dint of claymore and dirk, and it would have 
been annihilated had not General Witham at 
the head of several squadrons checked the 
advance of Mar's horse by a charge in which 
he captured a standard. Mar followed in 
pursuit for half-a-mile, then halting to restore 
order in the ranks, and follow the enemy to 
complete the victory, but receiving intelligence 
that his left wing and second line had given 
way, and that his artillery had been captured, 
he retraced his steps and took up a position on 
the top of the hill of Kippendavie, till he could 
know the fate of his left wing 

This wing was the first to begin the attack. 
It opened fire upon Argyll's right wing when 
within pistol shot, then steadily advancing, the 
Highlanders poured a second volley into the 
enemy with a precision and effect not to be 
surpassed by the best disciplined troops, and 
then rushed up sword in hand to the very 
muzzles of their muskets. The struggle con- 
tinued for some time vpithout any advantage on 
either side. Argyll, apprehensive of being out- 



TOO 



THE CRLTTC MONTHLY 



llaukeJ by some of tbo many masses in 
his front ordered a body of cavalry, amongst 
whom were the " Greys," to move along 
the morass and fall upon the left flank of 
the Highlanders. This movement was executed 
by Colonel Cathcart with skill and promptitude. 
Receiving the fire of the opposing cavalry he 
instantly charged them, and was met with 
great firmness, but the veterans of the wars of 
Marlborough, the " second to none," unused to 
defeat, soon bore down all opposition and forced 
the Scottish yeomanry to give way, and then 
turned upon the infantry. Argyll now seeing 
his opportimity pressed upon the Highlanders 
in front, who also were forced to give ground, 
and now foot and horse coming in contact they 
mixed together and a general rout ensued, yet 
the brave yeomanry of Perth and Angus, 
though roughly handled by Argyll's dragoons, 
attempted to rally and charge in their turn, 
but it was in vain. The veterans of Marl- 
borough steadily advanced in regular order 
upon the receding multitude, repelling every 
attack. 

These cavaliers made repeated efforts to stay 
or defeat their enemy, and in the course of the 
retreat made as many as a dozen attempts to 
rally and charge the advancing foe. To the 
brave stand made by these gallant horsemen 
may be ascribed the safety of the foot, who would 
probably have been cut to pieces by the vic- 
torious dragoons, notwithstanding the humane 
efforts of Argyll, who endeavoured by every 
means in his power to restrain carnage. " Oh! 
spare the blue bonnets " was his emotional 
order. He offered quarter to all, and was seen 
on one occasion to parry with his sword three 
strokes which a dragoon had aimed at a 
wounded Highland gentleman. 

The MacRaes, uuder the command of 
" Donnacha Mor," made a desperate resistance, 
and are said to have died almost to a man. 
During the struggle, while his men were fast 
falling around him and before he himself fell, 
he was frequently seen to wave on high his 
reeking sword, and heard to shout, " Cobhair ! 
cobhair I an ainm Dhia 's Righ Seumas ! " 
(Relief, relief, in the name of God and King 
James). Before " Big Duncan " fell, fifteen of 
his opponents bit the dust. His hand, it is 
said, was so much swollen in the hilt of his 
claymore that difficulty was experienced in 
extricating it. 

During all this time what was Mar doing ? 
He had defeated Argyll's left without much 
opposition, having caught it when deploying 
into formation, and pursued it for half a mile, 
when he was informed that his left wing was 
giving way. He stopped the pursuit and took 
up a position on Kippendavie hill, and there 



remained without making any attempt to go to 
the assistance of his left. Then it was that an 
aged Highland warrior, enraged at the 
inactivity and incapacity of Mar, raised his 
eyes to Heaven, and in the bitterness of his 
heart, exclaimed — 

" Oh ! for one hour of Dundee." 

Had Mar returned to the field with his 
infantry and cavalry he would have won the j_ 
fight. He had 4000 unwounded men, while 
Argyll had no more than 1000 horse and foot 
with him. 

Neither commander at Sheriffmuir evinced 
any military skill. Mar had some military 
training, was possessed of a graceful and 
commanding appearance, but none of the 
decision of Montrose or Dundee, while Argyll, 
newly arrived from Flanders with well-earned 
honours as a Division General under Marl- 
borough, evinced a want of capacity in promptly 
dealing with emergencies, and a want of 
vigilance in ascertaining in time the probable 
numbers and position of the opponents he was 
so soon to encounter. Had he taken the pre- 
caution his late Great Chief was wont to do 
when advancing on the enemy, Sheriffmuir 
would be otherwise sung in ballad and in song, 
than — 

" We ran, and they ran. 
They ran, and we ran." 

Argyll was directing the pursuit of Mar's 
left when he was informed of the defeat of his 
own left. He immediately stopped the pursuit, 
put his men into order, and marched to the 
bottom of the hill, on the top of which stood 
Mar with 4000 men, while Argyll mustered no 
more than 1000. Mar showed no disposition 
to engage, and both as if by mutual consent 
began to retire from their positions. The 
Duke filing off to the right to Dunblane and 
Stirling, the Earl to his left for Ardoch and 
Perth. Both leaders claimed the victory. The 
advantage of the contest remained with Argyll. 

On arriving at Perth the Highland Chiefs, 
enraged at the manner in which the Earl of 
Mar conducted the campaign, began to leave 
him. The Camerons, Mackenzies, and Gordons 
retired, while other clans melted away and 
went home to their mountain fastnesses. 

{To be continued). 



St. Andrew's Day in Argentine Republic 
was celebrated in grand style by the members of 
the Rosario St. Andrew's Society. We are indebted 
to the able Secretary, Mr. C. D. Macdonald,. for a 
copy of the meiui card of the anniversary dinner, 
which is beautifully embellished with designs of the 
Scotch thistle and otlier national devices. 




Surgeon-Colonel JOHN MACGREGOR, iVI D. 




MRS. JOHN MACGREGOR 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY: 

A MAGAZINE FOR HIGHLANDERS. 

Edited by JOHN MACKAY, Glasgow. 



No. 6. Vol. V.] 



MARCH, 1897. 



[Price Threepence. 




MARRIAGE OF SURGEON-COLONEL 
MAOGREGOR, LONDON. 



R-M| HE name of 
v?^ Surgeon-Colonel 
^=^ MacGregor is so 
well known to our 
readers that we need 
not enter into any 
\,..5S. long details of his life 
here. His recent 
marriage, however, re- 
minds us that he has 
been a contributor to 
this journal in both Gaelic and English verse 
from a very early date, and that a sketch of his 
life, with his portrait in Highland dress, has 
already appeared in one of our previous numbers. 
From that sketch we note as follows : — 

He is the youngest and only surviving son of 
the late Mr. John MacGregor, Stornoway ; was 
educated at the Free Church School, Stornoway, 
and the University of Glasgow, and from the 
latter of which he possesses the degrees of il.B., 
CM., and M.D. After lea^ang the University 
he was Medical Officer of Harris, of Morven, 
and of the Peninsular and Oriental Company. 
In 1876 he joined the Indian Medical 
Service, passed out of the Army iledieal 
School first-class, and went out to India with 
special recommendation for professional ability. 
Since then he has held various ililitary and 
Civil appointments, was Civil Surgeon of Aden, 
Surgeon to the European General Hospital, and 
Professor of Materia Medica, Bombay, etc. He 
went through the later phase of the Afghan 
War, and was Senior ^Medical Officer with the 
Frontier Brigade at Bhamo, on the remote 
borders of China, in the Burmese War of 188.)- 
1887, during which he was repeatedly going on 
expeditions, including the Mongoung Expedition, 



Retreat from Katraon (horse killed). Ambuscade 
of Tiiaphangaiu (horse and native groom killed), 
mentioned in despatches, medal and two clasps. 

After a continuous absence of fourteen years, 
he reached home safely in 1891). In 1895 he 
paid a second \isit to this country with the 
intention of retiring from the army at the expira- 
tion of his furlough, but afterwards returned 
to India for a brief period. In March last year 
he attained the rank of Surgeon Lieutenant- 
Colonel, his name a]»pearing in the official 
gazette first on the list of promotions for the 
year in his presidency. 

Enthusiastic in all things, he is a world-wide 
wanderer, and a prominent Freemason. During 
the late critical period between France and 
Siam, he undertook to cross the almost 
unknown wilds of the latter country from 
Bangkok to the China Sea, a feat which he 
successfully accomplished, contrary to all 
expectation, and accompanied only by black 
native servants. 

Besides numerous contributions to literary 
and scientific journals, he is the author of 
several books of travel and verse, such as The 
Girdle of the Globe, a descriptive poem in ten 
cantos (1890), I'oil and Travel, a prose narrative 
(1892), Throwjh the Bulj'er State, a record of recent 
travels through Borneo, Siam, and Cambodia 
(1896), while a volume of verse entitled Songs 
Sung on Sea and Shore may shortly be expected 
to appear from his pen. But above everything 
else he is a patriotic Highlander and a genuine 
MacGregor. Few Highlanders indeed, after 
such long and varied wanderings by sea and 
land, can say, like him, that they return to their 
native country with a better knowledge of the 
language of their ancestors than when they left 
it. In order to keep the language in his 
memory, he adopted the novel method of 
composing Gaelic songs for his own amusement, 
and he has now written such a lot of them that 
they will probably see the light in book form at 
no distant date. 

On his return to this country in 1895, he at 
once identified himself with Highland afiairs in 
the Metropolis, and among other Associations 



102 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



with which he is connected, he is Vice-President 
of the Gaelic Society, and member of the High- 
land Society of London ; Vice-President of the 
Highland Association {Mhil); Fellow of Society 
of Authors ; Honorary President of the Lewis 
and Harris Association, and of the Paisley 
Gaelic Club ; Honorary Patron, Edinburgh 
University Shinty Club ; Director of the Clan 
Gregor Society, etc. 

In October last he retired from the Indian 
army, and on the 22nd December, at St. Mary 
Abbot's Church, Kensington, by the Rev. 
William Morris, M. A. (a friend of the bride), was 
married to Miss Mabel Phoebe Annie Mary, 
elder daughter of the late Mr Samuel Hyde 
Parrish, and niece of Mr. Coulson Douglas 
Parrish of Frizlands, near Romford, in the 
County of Essex. The young bride belongs to 
an old Northumberland family, with a sprinkling 
of Scottish descent. Since their marriage the 
happy pair have been travelling on the Riviera, 
Italy and Switzerland, and finished their honey- 
moon wanderings at the MacGregor Gathering 
held in Glasgow on the 27th January, where the 
subject of our sketch was unanimously elected 
Honorary Bard to the Clan Gregor Society. 
We are sure our readers will join us in wishing 
long life and happiness to the gallant Colonel 
and his newly wedded wife. 

Editor. 



A VISIT TO INCHKENNETH. 

(Extract from a Dinnj.) 



vjlit kenneth, a small island at the mouth of 
\i>'i Loch-na-Keal, on the west coast of Mull. 
The island derives its name from the fUct that 
one of the kings of Scotland — Kenneth M' Alpine 
— is buried in it. The island is oblong in shape, 
undulating, and very green and fertile. On its 
inner aspect, where it is divided from Mull by a 
narrow channel, there is a lovely expanse of 
sandy shore. Its outer side is bounded by steep 
cliffs, in which there are two splendid stalactite 
caves, but owing to the state of the tide at my 
visit, 1 was unable to explore them. 

From the top of the island there is a grand 
sea view, studded with numerous islands. No 
less than twelve named islands can be seen from 
Inchkeuneth. These are Mull, with its bold 
Gribun rocks and towering Ben-More ; Eoraa; 
Ulva, immortalised by Campbell in his " Lord 
UUin's Daughter " ; Gometra ; Little Colonsay ; 
Staffa ; Dutchman's Cap ; Luuga ; Pladda ; 
Earni.sceir ; lona and Reilein. In addition to 
these the sea round about is dotted with numerous 
smaller islets and rocks, giving the whole scene 
a romantic and picturesque look. 



Inchkenneth, now the property of Mr. Clark 
of Ulva, formerly belonged to Colonel Macdonald, 
(known as Coirneal-na-h-Innseadli), who died 
somewhere about the year 1840. His family 
were also proprietors of Staffa, Ulva, and 
Gometra. He belonged to the Macdonalds of 
Boisdale, South Uist, a branch of the Clan Ranald 
family. Colonel Macdonald lived on the island, 
and bulk a splendid mansion-house on it some 
time before his death. This house, unfortunately, 
was recently gutted by fire, but its walls still 
stand intact as a memorial of its former glory. 
To the south-west of the ruined mansion-house, 
at some distance, there is a triangular wall or 
battlement, which was also erected by Colonel 
Macdonald, and in this situation it is supposed 
the old mansion house stood. Colonel Macdonald 
with his wife and daughter are buried on the 
island. Their place of interment lies to the west 
of the old cemetery, and is surrounded with a 
stone wall. No stone or inscribed tomb marks 
their graves, but there is a fine specimen of the 
lona Cross propped up against the wall inside 
their place of burial. This cro.ss is known as 
the " Cross of Inchkenneth." It used to stand 
on the highest peak of the island, and must have 
been brought there from lona at some time or 
other. 

The old buryiug-ground, of which Colonel 
Macdonald's tomb occupies the eastmost ex- 
tremity, is full of interest. In the middle of it 
is the ruin of an old chapel, whose direction looks 
east and west. The eastern wall is in a fair 
state of preservation, and has two long narrow 
arched openings in it, where the windows were. 
The stones in the arches have hollows or grooves 
in them, thus shewing that iron window bars 
were used. The other walls have partially 
crumbled away, but there is the opening for a 
window on tbe south wall, while on the north 
side, at the west extremity, is the entrance to the 
chapel. Beside the little window on the south 
side, and near the eastern e.xtremity, there projects 
a stone from the inside wall hollowed out in the 
form of a baptismal font. This font is in a fair 
state of pre.servatiou, although age and the 
eilemeuts have somewhat effaced the hollow in it. 
Inside the chapel the ground is stuilded \vith 
tomb-stones, most of them broken and their 
inscriptions very much defaced. There are several 
long flat stones with the same tyj^e of carving as 
the lona Cross, and under one of them King 
Kenneth is suj)poseil to be buried. 

To the west of the burying-ground there are 
two very fine tomb-stones lying flat. One of 
these, belonging to the Macleans of Coll, shews 
the Coat of Arms of that clan, with its " Lion 
Rampant, Castle Galley, and Eland carrying the 
Cross." The stone bears on it the initials 
"H. M. L." and the date " L676," both very 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



103 



tlistiuct. The othei belongs to the fiiuiily nl' 
M'Qiiarrie, and bears date "1735," but otlierwise 
is much effaced. At the east end there is auotiier 
tombstone of the iM'Qiiarries bearing the date of 
" 183',)," and here also is the tomb of the Mac- 
kinnons of Dunarich. There are many other old 
stones, but their in.scriptions have become so 
worn as to render them wholly illegible. 

In a little stone enclosure, outside the .south- 
east end of the chapel, there is a fine upright 
headstone. On the one side of it is engraved a 
trumjiet with the words, " Arise, ye dead." 
The other side bears the in8cri|)tioD, " Here lieth 



the corps of Donald Maclean of Brolos, who 
dyed the 23rd of Aprile, 172"), aged 54 years. 
Deservedly lamented by all who knew and 
understood hi.s virtuous and heroick mind." 
Another upright stone here bears this inscription, 
" Here layeth the corps of Dam- Mary Mac- 
pherson, Laily Maclean, daughter to Sir Aenses 
Macphersou, who dyed the year 17 — , aged 30 
years." To the right of these two stones there 
is a .stone lying Hat, carved in the form of a 
Highlander in full war dres.s. The left hand 
grasps a shield while the right hand holds a 
round ball. The head is surmounted with a 




helmet, and by his side are clay mure and dirk. 
The figure is com}»lete with the exception of part 
of one of the feet, which has Ijeeu broken off. 

Old M'Quarrie of I'lva is buried heie. lie died 
at Callachley, near Salen, Mull, and was to have 
been interred in lona. The funeral party started 
from Callachley, and put up at Tayinlone Inn, 
Killechrouan, at the head of Loch-na Keal. Next 
day they started .out in boats for lona, but a 
storm arising they had to abandon the idea of 
getting to lona, and put in for shelter at luch- 
kenneth, where they buried M'Quarrie. 

I observed another stone with Coat of Ai-ms 
in the form of the Manx Crest, and a Deer's 
Head, and two Arches or Castles bearing date 



'' 1758," and in memory of a Maclean, and on 
one of the stones of the outside wall of the 
chapel are carved the initials " H. M. J." 

Mr. Macphail, who lives on the island, and 
takes a proud interest in its history, accompanied 
me on my visit through it, and I am indebted to 
him for much of the above information.* 

.Salen .Mull. I'UNCAN MACDONALD, M.B., CM. 



* The above illustration, which is from a sketch 
kindly done for me by Miss Helen Qreenhill Gardyne 
of Glenforaa, Mull, shews part of Inchkeuneth to the 
right, with tlie peak upon which the " Cross of Inch- 
kenneth '" used to stand ; to the left is seen tlie bold 
headland of Burg, Mull, and in tlie distance part of 
theRosaof Mull.— D.M. 



104 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



THE RETURN OF THE FRASERS 
FROM BLAR-NAN-LEINE. 



AlpIf^IGHLAND history does not record a 
Vi^P ■^ore stubborn or fiercely fought fip;ht 
«^vX. ^jjgjj (.jjgt. qC Ceaun Loch Lochy or Blar- 
nan-leine. In the summer of 1544 Huntly, 
Lovat, Mackintosh, and Grant with their 
fuliovvers marched into Locliaber against the 
Clan Ranald, and their allies the Camerons, who 
had plundered and laid waste Abertarf, Strath- 
errick, Urquhart, and Glenmoriston. The Clan 
Eauald kept out of the way of this strong force 
until the Gordons, Mackintoshes, and Grants 
liiirled with the Erasers, and the latter, 300 in 
number, were marching homeward. At Cean 
Loch Lochy the Erasers were suddenly con- 
fronted with 500 of their foes.- The day was 
hot, and the combatants striped to the shirt, 
fought until onl}' half a dozen of the Erasers 
remained to tell the tale. Although the Clan 
Ranald gained the victory it was a dearly bought 
one, for their loss was even greater than that of 
the Erasers. 

Up the great glen, limping, weary, 

Came six clansmen stout and true. 
Bearing ghastly marks of conflict ; 

In their bonnets sprigs of yew. 
Though the gladsome light of victory 

Shone not in their troubled eyes, 
Each one bore him like a hero 

That unconquered lives or dies. 
When they reached the Eraser country, 

Eagerly from field and fold, 
Farm-house, shelling, cot, and mansion, 

Gathered round them young and old. 
Matted locks, and gory tartan, 

Broken sword, and battered shield. 
Told their mournful gruesome story 

Of some bloody battle field. 

" Tell, O tell us," cried the women, 

" Tell us are your comrades slain? 
Father ! husband ! brother ! shall we 

Ne'er your faces see again." 
" Ah 1 my kindred," sadly answered 

One of the small weary band, 
" Those you ask for now are sleeping 

Upon Ceann Loch Lochy's strand. 
Sleeping on the gory heather, 

But my sisters do not weep, 
For a son of the Clan Ranald 

Lies at every Eraser's feet. 

When Clan Toisich, Grant, and Gordon 

Loft us early yesterday, 
We no thought had of the conflict 

That ere noon before us lay. 
But our wily foes lay waiting, 

IJehind thicket, rock, and stone. 
On the shores of Ceann Loch Lochy, 

Till our allies all were gone. 



Then from out their place of ambush 

Full five hundred strong they sprang. 
And the hills and crags around us 

With their war-like slogan rang. 
Althoiigh we were but three hundred. 

Yet our hearts and arms were strong. 
And our answering war cry echoed 

From the mountains loud and long. 
And we slipped our kilts, and at them, 

For 'twas hot on yesterday. 
And we knew the sons of Ranald 

Were no cravens in the fray. 

In the forefront of the battle 

Flashed Mac Shimie's trusty blade, 
Our unsullied banner waving 

O'er him, with its antlered head. 
And beside him fought the strongest 

And the bravest of our race, 
An avenging clansman sjjringing 

Into each slain clansman's place. 
Hard set teeth and flashing claymore. 

Forward step and crashing blow. 
And our shout of " Aird 'ic Shimie " 

Hailed each onset of the foe. 

Not.imtil the night had fallen. 

And the bodies of the slain 
Like the fallen leaves of autunm 

Covered the red sodden plain ; 
Till of chieftain and Duin-uasal, 

And of all our kin bereft, 
Did the bloody stubborn conflict 

Cease, and we alone were left. 
Though Clan Ranald won the battle. 

Slain three hundred of them lay. 
And no shout of exultation 

Heard we as we limped away. 

Weep, O weep not, wife or maiden. 

Is it any use to weep ? 
Sobs shall not awake your loved ones 

From their long and dreamless sleep. 
The leal hearted and the dauntless 

That have perished of our race, 
God in his own way has taken, 

And as surely shall replace ; 
Though the broadsword reaps its harvest, 

And the storms their fiercest blow, 
The Clan Eraser still shall flourish. 

And the yew luiblasted grow." 

Hiiii. Angus Mai/kintcsh. 



Glasgow Inverness-shirb Association. — The 
annual social gathering was held in the Queen's 
Rooms on 18th February. Count de Serra Largo 
presided, and among those present were Messrs. 
James Grant, president ; Eraser Macrae, vice- 
president ; William Grant, London Inverness-shire 
Society ; J. Mackenzie, Crofters' Commission ; 
Hugh Macleod, writer ; Dr. Gordon, Dr. MacPhee, 
Peter (irant, secy. The Chairman delivered a brief 
introductory address, in the course of which he 
stated that no matter where he had been in the 
course of his travels he had always come across a 
Highlander. A concert of vocal and instrumental 
music was afterwards gone through, the Inverness 
Select Choir contributing the leading items. 




Colonel FRANCIS DUNCAN, C.B, R.A. 



THE OELTIC MONTHLY. 



105 



THE LATE COLONEL FRANCIS DUNCAN, 
C.B., R.A., M.P. 



,E^|OLONEL FRANCIS DUNCAN, son of 
1 1;^', John Duncan, Advocate, Aberdeen, and 
il\\i^ Helen Drysdale Douglass, was born in 
Aberdeen on ith Api'il, 183G. He was educated 
at the West End Academy, the Grammar 
School, and at Marischal College and University, 
where he graduated " with honours " in 1855. 
He entered his father's office with the intention 
of becoming a lawyer, but his inclination 
seems to have been towards a more active 
profession, for, when spending a short holiday 
in London with a college companion in 1855, 
he and his friend — 'for fim" as they said 
afterwards — entered for an examination for 
direct commissions Ln the Royal Engineers and 
Royal Artillery, and he was successful in being 
placed /;'/>•; of the 17 who passed for the Eoyal 
Artillery on that occasion. 

Having taken up his military duties at Dover, 
he was in 1857 sent with troops to Halifax, 
Nova Scotia, and he was on duty there and 
at difl'erent slations in Canada imtil 1862. In 
1858 he married May Kate, daughter of the 
Rev. William Cogswell, Rector of St. Paul's, 
Halifax. 

He returned to England in 18G2, and filled 
various military appointments there until 1876, 
when he was sent to Jamaica to take command 
of the Royal Artillery station there. On that 
occasion, at the request of the Colonial Office, 
he drew up a report on the Defensive Organi- 
zation of Jamaica, for which he received the 
thanks of the Government and of the Colonial 
Office. 

He published a "History of the Royal 
Artillery" (in 2 vols.), a most valuable contri- 
bution to the military literature of our country, 
followed later on by " The English in Spain : 
or the Story of the War of Succession between 
1834 and 1840," which he dedicated by per- 
mission to King Alfonso XII. He was also the 
author of "Our Garrisons in the West, or 
Sketches in British North America," published 
in 1863. 

In 1875 he was admitted into the Order of 
St. John of Jerusalem, and became Director of 
the Ambulance Department therein. Here he 
threw his energies heartily into the scheme for 
reviving the Hospitaller work of the Order on 
a more extended scale, which led to the 
founding of the St. John Ambulance Associa- 
tion, which is now so well known throughout 
the country. 

In 1877 he received a staff appointment at 
the Royal jNlilitary Repository at Woolwich, 
which he held for four and a half years. 



In 1882, after the overthrow of Arabi at 
Tel-el-Kebir, the Government undertook to 
re organize and train the native Egyptian army, 
and Duncan was sent to Egypt to take 
command of the Egyptian Artillery. He 
remained in Egypt for three years ; training 
the native artillerymen (who have since taken 
part in the recent advance on Dongola); 
occupying and fortifying Assouan, Korosko, 
and Wady Haifa, in Upper Egypt; and 
performing important duties connected with 
the Nile Expedition for the relief of Gordon. 
In 1885, his work in Egypt being finished, 
he returned home, and as a reward for his 
distinguished services he was made a C.B., and 
was appointed to command the Royal Artillery 
in the southern division at Portsmouth, a post 
which he retained until end of January, 1886, 
when he was transferred to command of 
Garrison Artillery at Woolwich. 

In November, 1885, he stood for Parliament 
(in the Conservative interest), and was returned 
member for Finsbury (Holborn division). He 
delivered his maiden speech in the House of 
Commons in March, 1886, and as Egypt was 
the subject of the debate he spoke with 
authority, and his utterances made a most 
favourable impression on the House. Mr. 
Gladstone spoke after him, and complimented 
him on his speech, which he said " tended to 
raise the Egyptian question out of the region 
of the controversies of party, and to direct the 
minds of the honourable members to it with 
something of a common object," and the 
Premier's favourable opinion was strongly 
endorsed by the whole press. 

At the General Election in 1886 he was 
again retuineil member for Finsbury by an 
increased majority. At the reopening of 
Parliament in February, 1888, he was selected 
to second the Address to the Throne in the 
House of Commons, and his remarks on this 
occasion were so opportune as to elicit further 
commendation from Mr. Gladstone. 

In 1888 his health gave way, and when 
medical aid was obtained it was found he was 
sufi'ering from liver complaint, which he had 
probably first contracted in Egypt, and the 
disease was too far advanced for even the best 
medical skill to be of any avail. 

He died at Woolwich on 16th November, 
1888, in the 53rd year of his age, and was 
buried in Charlton Cemetery with full military 
honours. He is survived by his wife and three 
daughters. 

The above brief record will be sufficient to 
shew that he was a sou of whom Clan Dounach- 
aidh might well be proud. His great and 
various abilities were given unstintingly in the 
service of his country, and the following extract 



106 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



from his biography published a few years ago 
indicates the influence which his generous 
natui'e exercised on all with whom he came in 
contact: — " He was a man," said H.R.H. the 
Duke of Cambridge a few months after Colonel 
Duncan's death, "much loved in Woolwich, in 
the army, and by myself, and all who knew 
him would have said the same. Above all he 
endeared himself to his friends by his loyalty, 
and by an affection which they felt to be as 
disinterested as it was strong and true." 



FLORA MACDONALD. 

An Annh'ebsaet Sketch of the Jacobite 
Heroine 



By J. Hamilton Mitchell, L. A. 



{Continued from page 98.) 
The Heroine in Captimty. 
^-^nISHOP FORBES, the Episcopal minister 
'liff^i °^ Leith, has left behind an interesting 
===^ picture of the heroine during her 
capti\ity in Leith Koads. " Some," says he, 
" that went on board to pay their respects to 
her used to take a dance in the cabin, and to 
press her much to share with them in the 
diversion, but with all their importunity they 
could not prevail with her to take a trip. She 
told them at present her dancing days were 
done, and she would not readily entertain a 
thought of that diversion till she should be 
assm'ed of her Prince's safety, and perhaps 
not till she should be blessed with the happi- 
ness of seeing him again." 
And again ; — 

" She has a sweet voice and sings well; and 
no lady, Edinburgh-bred, can acquit herself 
better at the tea-table than what she did when 
in Leith Koads. Her wise conduct in one of 
the most perplexing scenes that can happen 
in life — her fortitude and good sense— are 
memorable instances of the strength of a 
female mind, even in those years that are 
tender and inexperienced. ' 

In London. 

The ship, on board of which Flora was 
detained, set sail for London on the 7th of 
November, and after an imeventful passage 
arrived safely in the Thames. The heroine 
was then conveyed to the Tower; but her 
popularity was such that the Government very 
prudently resorted to no extreme measures and 
soon liberated her on parole. During this 
period of mitigated imprisonment she main- 
tained as a rule a cheerful temper, and an easy, 



eloquent, and winning address, and was most 
agreeable to all her visitors. By the Act of 
Indemnity, passed in 1747, she at length 
regained her freedom, and immediately became 
the guest of Lady Primrose of Duuipace, where 
she was visited and loaded with honours by all 
ranks and classes of the nobility Royalty itself 
even came to see her, and when Prince Frederick, 
the father of George III., asked her how she 
dared to assist a " rebel " against his father's 
throne, she calmly but firmly replied, that she 
would have done the same thing for him had 
she found him in distress — 

"... if the mighty hand that rules the ball, 

And bids the heirs of empire rise or fall, 

To ;/iii(, dread Sire, the bitter cup had given, 

From royal pomp to ■ivretched exile driven ; 

If cast a suppliant on my native plain. 

You never should have sought my aid in vain, 

Nor should a Stuart prince have ever said 

That treacherous Flora royal blood betray'd."' 

This reply was so striking, and yet so artlessly 
expressed, that the Prince, whose heart was 
always better than his head, at once interested 
himself on her behalf, and j)rocured for her 
every possible comfort till she was ready to 
return to the Highlands. This she did soon 
afterwards. 

Marriage and Subseijuent Life. 

The subsequent life of Flora Macdouald 
adds but further lusti'e to her name. She 
might, had she wished, have married into some 
distinguished family, but she chose rather to 
be united to the sweetheart of her early years ; 
and on November 6, 1750, was married to 
Allan Macdonald, Yr. of Kingsburgh. The 
marriage took place at Flodigarry in the north 
of Skye, where Allan at the time resided. The 
bride, ever proud of displaying her Jacobite 
sympathies, was robed in a handsome dress of 
Royal Stuart tartan ; and the guests present 
included not a few important and influential 
personages. 

At Flodigarry many years of domestic feUcity 
passed away amid kind friends and a growing 
up family, which ultimately numbered nine. 
Mrs. Macdonald, by her gentle and sympathetic 
nature, endeared herself to everyone whose 
privilege it was to enjoy her acquaintance and 
receive her hospitality. In all the different 
relations of her life she revealed herself the 
perfect woman ; was a good mother, a benevo- 
lent mistress, a Arm friend, and a loving and 
dutiful wife. Of her it has been truly said — 

" With latent wisdom and endearing art 
She stretched her blameless empire o'er the heart ; 
Her happy household rul'd with gentle sway. 
And made it their first pleasure to obey." 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



107 



EmoEATES TO America, 

The death of the noble old Kingsburgh iu 
1772 caused Allau Macdonald to remove to the 
family residence, and Flora thus became the 
mistress of the very mansion where through 
her instrumentality Prince Chai'lie was sheltered 
for a night several years before. There she 
and her husband were visited in 1773 by Dr. 
Johnson and his friend Boswell. Then followed 
embarrassing pecuniary circumstances which 
necessitated removal from the old home ; and 
in August, 1774, the family sailed from Camp- 
beltown, Kintyre, for North Carolina. As 
many of the colonists were of Highland extrac- 
tion and of Jacobite predilections, the arrival 
of '' Prince Charlie's Preserver " on American 
soil was made the occasion for many displays 
of popular feeUng. She was on all hands 
accorded a truly Highland welcome, and 
festivities were got up in her honour at 
Wilmington and elsewhere. 

The American War of Independence. 

But the heroine's life across the sea was, 
unfortunatel}', not destined long to remain 
happy. The American War of Independence 
soon after broke out in all its fury ; and in 
1776 Allan Macdonald was elevated to the rank 
of Brigadier-General in the British service. 
Five of his sons followed him into the army ; 
and for some time Flora followed their regiment 
and shared their fortunes till the capture and 
imprisonment of her husband by the rebels at 
Halifax, Virginia, rendered it necessary for her 
to seek a permanent home somewhere. To add 
also to this distress, two of her younger children 
were attacked by a severe typhoid fever, of 
which they died. At the earnest entreaty of 
her devoted partner she again turned her eyes 
towards Scotland, and sailed from Charleston 
in 1779, accompanied by her youngest daughter, 
Fanny. On the voyage home she met with the 
last of her adventures. The vessel was attacked 
by a French privateer, and during the engage- 
ment the indomitable courage of the heroine 
once more asserted itself. She appeared on 
deck, and while handing out ammunition to 
the men diu'ing the thick of the fight had an 
arm broken. Thus had she suffered, as she 
was afterwards heard to say, " both for the 
House of Stuart and for the House of Hanover. " 

In the Highlands Again. 

Soon after her arrival in Scotland Mrs. 
Macdonald was joined by her gallant husband, 
and the declining days of their life were spent in 
the old home at Kingsburgh. Their daughters 
married well, and all the sons acquired dis- 
tinction in the army and navy. As the remains 
of the eldest were lowered into the grave, Lord 



Macdonald made the significant remark that : 
"There lies the most finished gentleman of his 
family and name" — an eloquent and graceful 
tribute to one of the bravest soldiers who ever 
adorned the ranks of the British army. 
Death of the Heroine. 

On March 5, 7190, the gentle Flora, after a 
short illness, calmly passed away in the presence 
of her husband and daughters. Her remains 
were wrapped in the sheet iu which nearly 
fifty years before had slept the Stuart Prince, 
and consigned with all due honour in the 
family mausoleum of Kilmuir. There she now 
sleeps by the side of him on whom for forty 
years of her life she lavished all the wealth and 
generous impulses of a truly noble heart. 
Though no monument marks the last resting 
place of this brave woman, her own natural 
virtues and magnanimous deeds have acquired 
for her a glory and fame which time can never 
efface. In the memorable words of Dr. Johnson : 
" Her name will be mentioned in history, and, 
if courage and fidelity are virtues, mentioned 
with honour." 

The following stanza from the well-known 
"Lament" by the Ettrick Shepherd is a true 
utterance of the sentiments she carried with 
her to her grave. Lo}-al in life, she remained 
loyal in death: — 
" The target is torn from the arms of the just ; 

The helmet is cleft on the brow of the brave ; 
The claymore fur ever in darkness must rust ; 

But red is the sword of the stranger and slave. 
The hoof of the horse, and the toot of the proud 

Have trode o'er the plumes of the bonnet of blue; 
Why slept the red bolt in the breast of the cloud, 

When tyranny revell'd in blood of the true 1 
Farewell, my young hero, the gallant, the good ! 

The crown of thy fathers is torn from thy brow ! " 
[The End.] 



The Scottish National Petition. — Our readers 
will be pleased to learn that the movement initiated 
by that most patriotic of Scots, Mr. Theodore 
Napier, to petition the Queen in regard to the term 
" England " instead of '"Great Britain " being used 
in State documents, and by government othcials, 
has been attended with a most encouraging measure 
of success, and that no less than 7o Town Councils 
have signed the petition to Her Majesty. Hundreds 
of copies of the petition have been sent to distant 
lands, and have been extensively signed. This is a 
matter that really afi'ects Scottish national honour 
and rights, and we hope that every Highland society 
throughout the land will send for copies of the 
petition, and retiu-n them signed by the office-bearers 
and members. Mr. Theodore Napier, 25 Merchiston 
Park, Edinburgh, will be glad to supply copies. 
The movement has our heartiest sympathy, as it 
should of every patriotic Scot. We may add that 
Mr. Napier has offered a prize of £5 for the best 
Gaelic ode on the " Battle of Stirling," to be 
competed for at the Gaelic Mod to be held at 
Inverness in October. 



108 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 




Part X. — {Continued from page 100.; 
Battle of Dettingen. 

Jij^OME years after the day of Blar SUahh 
6^^ an t-Siorra, it is related that a handsome 
'"=*' Highlander, fully armed, as was then 
the custom, while following his herd of cattle 
to the south of Scotland sought quarters one 
night at the house of a Captain INIacdougall, 
who had commanded a squadron of the Scots 
Greys at lilar Sliabh ait t-Sioira as it is named 
by Highlanders. The Captain questioned his 
guest as to his news from the north, and asked 
him if he knew a place in Kntail called 
" Corrie-Chuing," and the name of its owner. 
The Highlander listened unmoved while the 
Captain related the following anecdote, which 
was given in the Invn-nexs Courier (1847). 

" In the pursuit of that day," said the 
Captain, "with three well mounted troopers, 
I followed a stout Highlander, who, on per- 
ceiving our approach, faced about, took oft' his 
plaid, which he cooly folded and placed on the 
ground, that by standing on it he might have 
firmer footing. Desirous not to kill him but to 
to take him prisoner, we brandished our swords 
about him, but one of my troopers coming 
within reach of his claymore had his skull cleft 
in two. The others kept a more respectful 
distance, but one was unhorsed and slain. I 
questioned the Highlander as to he was, but 
he would only tell me that he was from Corrie- 
Chuing." "I know the man," replied the 



drover, "his name is Duncan MacRae." "I 
wish him no harm," repUed the Captain, " but 
I have ever been curious to know the name of 
so resolute a fellow." "I shall duly tell him 
so," said the wary drover, who was no other 
than the identical Duncan MacEae from Corrie- 
Chuing. 

After the day of Sheriffmuir, the rebellion 
soon died out in England and Scotland, and 
the "Scots Grey" retired to winter quarters in 
Srirling and Glasgow. 

It was not till 1742 that the gallant "Greys" 
were again called into active service. War 
was declared by Great Britain against France, 
Bavaria, and Prussia, and 16,000 British troops 
were sent to the continent, amongst whom were 
the " Scots Greys,' whom a news writer of the 
day justly described as "fine hardy fellows 
that wanted no seasoning — children of the glen 
and the loch, the river and the fell, whose 
gallant hearts and stalwart frames might 
contend with the choicest veterans of Europe." 

Early in 1743 they commenced their march 
into Germany, and were employed in various 
military movements in Franconia and in the 
Upper Maine under the command of Marshal, 
the Earl of Stair, one of the veterans of the 
Marlborough campaigns; now advanced in 
years. In June, 1743, the British-Austrian 
army, 40,000 strong, were marching down the 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY 



10» 



River Maine to reach Hanan, where their 
stores were, ami where they expected a rein- 
forcement of 1'2,000 Hessians and Hanoverians. 
They had no sooner passed through Aschaften- 
burg than it was found that the Frent'h 
commander, Marshal Noailles, had occupied all 
the passes, and barred further progress. The 
allies were suffering greatly for want of 
provisions and forage. It was discovered that 
a lai'ge division of the French had crossed the 
river lower down, and were drawn up iu battle 
array at the village of Dettingen to dispute the 
passage. " Dapper little C4eorge II." now took 
the nominal command. He perceived that lie 
was cooped up in a position of infinite peril. 
His retreat was prevented by French posted in 
his rear at Aschaffenburg, on his left rolled 
the Pdver Maine, on the opposite banks of 
which were batteries bristling with guns, on 
his front glittered the serried ranks of the 
French army, on his right extended a tract of 
wooded uplands. To attack the French seemed 
a most desperate enterprise, for their army was 
protected by a narrow defile and a dangerous 
morass, the \illage of Dettingen covered their 
right, and a thick wood their left wing. 

Fortunately the self confidence and the 
arrogant impetuosity of the Duke de Grammont, 
who was in command, saved the British troops 
and " Dapper little George," their King, from 
being forced to surrender as prisoners of 
war. 

De Grammont, the nephew of De Noailles 
and second in command at Dettingen, with 
30,000 select troops, amongst whom were 
princes of the blood and a host of the nnb/esae 
of France, all eager for battle, passed through 
the defile and advanced into a small plain 
where the British and allies were drawn up in 
order of battle. 

De Noailles, who was on the other side of 
the Maine, beheld this unexpected movement 
in advance with astonishment, grief, and auger, 
at the madness of De Grammont in foregoing 
all the advantages of his position. " De 
Grammont," he bitterly exclaimed, "has ruined 
all my plans." He hastened upon the scene, 
but it was too late to repair the fatal mistake. 

It was now noon. On the approach of the 
French "Dapper George," in nominal command, 
ordered his first line of infantry to advance, 
and riding in front, he brandished his sword, 
shouting, " Now, my brave boys ! now ! for the 
glory of old England, advance boldly." During 
some movements in this advance His Majesty 
was nearly captured by the enemy, and would 
have been, except for the bravery of the '2"2nd 
regiment, who in remembrance of this feat 
wear a sprig of oak in their caps on gala days. 

The battle soon became general, and Dettin- 



gen presented a scene of smoke, slaughter, and 
dreadful uproar, nevertheless the British and 
allies continued to advance in the face of a 
tremendous front and flank fire from the 
French. 

On the left the French cavalry spurring 
their horses at full speed attacked the Austrian 
cavahy, and many a hussar and cuirassier went 
down to rise no more. The Austrians were at 
once thrown into disorder, but the British and 
Hanoverian infantry, animated by the presence 
of their King, stood firm as rocks, and poured 
out such an incessant fire that nothing could 
resist. 

The Earl of Stair sent the King's and 
Ligonier's regiments of horse to the front ; 
they were charged and driven back by the 
French, as were also the Horse Guards. At 
this moment General Campbell led forward the 
" Greys " against a line of French cuirassiers. 
They swept upon their steel-clad foes with the 
speed of a whirlwind. Horse met horse, sabre 
crossed sal)re. The suj^erior strength and 
prowess of the gallant Scots carried them 
through and through the enemy's disordered 
squadrons, and flushed with victory, then rode 
at the Household cavalry and drove them 
back pell-mell to the river bank, with the loss 
of their famous " White Standard." The 
" Scots Greys " then returned in triumph to 
the main body of their army, to be received 
with the cheers their prowess and heroism 
merited. 

The third line of the French was now seen 
dravra up in splendid order. The Earl of 
Stair, accompanied by his aide-de-camp, the 
Earl of Dumfries, now rode up to the infantry 
and ordered them to advance. Three hearty 
cheers was the response, and once again the 
grand old British line went fearlessly on. The 
attack was made with such impetuous gallantry 
that the whole French army gave way, their 
confusion being increased by the Hanoverian 
artillery which came unexpectedly upon the 
scene, and suddenly opened fire upon them. 
Absolute terror now seized the French, " Sam-e 
qui pent" was the cry on all sides. The British 
pursued the enemy, who made for the bridges 
across the Maine, where hundreds were killed 
or drowned. The Earl of Stair proposed, it 
being only four in the afternoon, to continue 
the pursuit, but " Dapper George " knowing 
his men were half famished contented himself 
with the victory, and made for Hanan, where 
he met with the expected reinforcements from 
Hanover, and abundance of provisions. In 
this spirited battle the French lost 5,000 men, 
the allies 2.000. 

(To be. continued). 



no 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



TO CORRBSPONDKNTS. 

All Commtiiiieations, on literary and buaineas 
matters, should be addressed to the Editor, Mr. ,/OHN 
MACKAT, 9 Bli/thswood Drive, Glasgow. 

TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.— The CELTIC 
MONTHLY will be sent, post free, to any part of the 
United Kingdom, Canada, the United States, and all 
countries in the Postal Union— for one year, 4s. 



The Celtic Monthly. 



MARCH, 1897 



COJMTI'EPtfTS. 



K OK Slbueos-ColonelMacgregor, London (with plutes, 
A Visit to iNCBKENNtTH (Extract from a Uiarj— illustrated) 
The Kftcrn ok the Frasers from Blar-nan-leine (poem) 
The late Colonel Francis Duncan, C.B., R.A., 51. P., 

Flora Macdonald, . - ■ - 

The Eoval Scots Orevs, P.art X. - - - - - 

To OUR Readers. 

Minor Septs ok Clan Cuattan (illustrateii), . - - 

JENNY CA.MERON (iUustiated), 

Alexander Cameron, Erracht, ------ 

The White Czar, 

BUARAIDH MACEatH, - - 



OUR NEXT ISSUE. 

Ne.xt montli we will give portraits, with biograjjlii- 
cal sketches of Captain William George Ross, Forres; 
Ex-Dean of Guild David Macdonald, Aberdeen; and 
Dr. Charles J. Sutherland, South Shields. The 
usual variety of interesting illustrated articles will 
appear. 

Clajj Maukay Society. — The Ninth Annual 
Social Gathering, which was held in the Waterloo 
Rooms, Glasgow, on 11th February, under the presi- 
dency of Lord Reay, Chief of the Clan, was a most 
successful reunion- On the afternoon of that day a 

Receptio-N and Dinner to Lord Reay 
was given in the Grand Hotel, which was attended 
by clansmen from all parts of the kingdom. Mr. 
John Mackay, Hereford, made an ideal chairman, 
and speeches were delivered by the Chief, Captain 
A. Leith-Hay Mackay, Major A. Y. Mackay, Dr. 
George Mackay, Messrs. James H. Mackay, London, 
Alexander Mackay, Charing Cross, John Mackay, 
S.S.C, John Mackay [CMic Monthly), Hon. Secy., 
D. A. S. Mackintosh, and others. The whole 
proceedings proved most enjoyable. Thereafter 
the large party adjourned to the Grand Hall of 
tlie Waterloo Rooms, which was crowded with a 
large gathering of Mackays and friends numbering 
about 1000 persons. Lord Reay j)resided, and was 
supported by many distinguished clansmen, as well 
as representatives of nearly all the Clan and other 
Highland Societies in Glasgow. Amongst those 
present might be mentioned, in addition to 
the names given above — Rev. Dr. John Maclean, 
Messrs. George G. Mackay, Liverpool, John 
Mackay, Largs, Major J. M. Campbell, Sunderland, 



Dr. George Gordon, Dr. Dingwall, Dr. Magnus 
Maclean, James Grant, Captain Mackintosh, 
Alexander Mackay, Aberdeen ; Alexander Mackay, 
A. R. Mackay, John Mackay, and Donald Mackay, 
Edinburgh ; Alexander Sutherland, Prestonkirk, 
Daniel Maclean, Jr., J. Lindsay Mackay, M.A., 
LL B., and many others. Captain James Mackay, 
President, was unable to attend, but sent a cheque 
for £20 towards the funds, and subscriptions of 
£5 .5s. each were received from Major A. Y. 
Mackay, George G. Mackay, Liverpool, and James 
H. Mackay, London. Lord Reay, on rising to 
address the gathering, was accorded a most 
enthusiastic reception. His address was worthy of 
the occasion, dealing with matters relating to the 
State and problems of every day interest, and 
concluded by giving a lesmne of the excellent work 
performed by the Society since its formation. Mr. 
Mackay, Hereford, also delivered a stirring address. 
Pipe-Major John Mackay and the pipe band of the 
Society (all INIackays) gave selections of clan music 
during the evening. The assembly was also largely 
attended ; and altogether the proceedings bore 
amply evidence that the Clan Mackay Society is in 
a most flourishing condition. 

Clan Gregor Soiiety. — The Aimual Business 
Meeting was held on 27th January— Mr. AthoU 
MacGregor in the chair. The funds of the Society 
were stated to stand at £3187, and during the year 
£127 were expended in bursai-ies and charity. The 
membership is now 384. 

On the same evening a Dinner and Conversazione 
took place in the Windsor Hotel, and among those 
present were Lady Helen Macgregor of Macgregor ; 
Miss Murray Macgregor, Dunkeld ; Surgeon-Colonel 
John Macgregor, M.D., and Mrs. Macgregor, London; 
Gregor Macgregor, S.S.C; John Macgregor, Green- 
ock ; Captain A. Ronald Macgregor ; Alexander 
Macgrigor, Hon. Secy., and others. Toasts were 
proposed by Bailie Macgregor, Perth ; Surgeon- 
Colonel J. Macgregor (who was elected bard to the 
Society) ; Captain A. R. Macgregor ; Gregor Mac- 
gregor, S.S.C. ; and the president responded on 
behalf of the Society. He referred to the great 
number of Highlanders who are constantly leaving 
their native glens to find employment in the southern 
cities and in distant lands, and recommended the 
army as a promising career to the youth of the 
Highlands. 

The Clan Mai. kinnon Society held their Social 
Gathering in the Waterloo Rooms, on 5th February, 
Mr. Alex. K. Mackinnon, C.E., London, in the 
chair, who was supported by Messrs. Duncan 
Mackinnon, London ; Andrew Mackinnon, Trea- 
surer ; Duncan Mackinnon, Ex-president ; Rev. J. 
D. Mackinnon, Dumfries, etc. There was a good 
attendance. The chairman, who wore three eagle's 
feathers in his bonnet to indicate his claim to the 
chiefship, delivered a most interesting address, 
dealing with the history of the family since the 
forfeiture of the estates in 1740, and showing that 
he was the rightful chief of the clan. The narrative 
was a most interesting one, full of exciting episodes. 
The Rev. J. K. Hewison, M.A., also addressed the 
meeting, and the whole proceedings passed of most 
satisfactorily. 

The Clan Maixean held a Social Gathering in 
Greenock on 5th February, Rev. D. C. Macmichael, 
B.D., jiresiding, which proved very successful. 



THE OELTIO MONTHLY. 



Ill 




No. XL— The MacBeans. 

n|^|HIS important tribe of Clan Chattan is 
y^ coming well to the front, two of its 
^■^ foremost men in Inverness at present 
being of this name, viz: — the Provost of Inver- 
ness, and the Rector of the High School, one of 
our first Celtic authorities. In the roll of names 
within the Burgh of Inverness, Macbeans are 
well represented, aud they are found in con- 
siderable numbers over the Highlands and the 
larger Scottish cities. The iNIacbean territory 
lay chiefly in the parish of Dores, as may be 
seen from the preponderance of the name on 
the tombstones of the churchyard, represented 
by Kinchyle and Drummond as heritors. They 
were represented in Strathnairn by Macbean 
of Faillie, and in Strathdearu by Macbean of 
Tomatin. Kinchyle was undoubted head, and 
signs the Bond of Union among the Clan 
Chattan in 1600, the Bond of ilainteuance of 
1664, and finally, in 1756, the Letter of 
Authority from the Clan to Mackintosh, to 
redeem the Loch Laggan estate. According 
to the Rev. Lachlan Shaw, the first ^Macbean 
came out of Lochaber, in the suit of Eva, 
heiress of Clan Chattan, and settled near 
Inverness. The MS. history of the Mackin- 
toshes says in corroboration, that "Bean vie 
Coil Mor (of whom the Clan Vean had their 



denomination) lived in Lochaber, and was a 
faithful servant to Mackintosh against the Red 
Comyn, who possessed Inverlochie, who was a 
professed enemy of .Mackintosh." Again the 
manuscript records, that Myles Mac-Bean vic- 
CoU-Mor and his four sons, Paul, GUlies, 
Myles, and Farquhar, after they had slain the 
Red Comyn's steward and his two servants. 
Patten and Ivissen, came to William Mackintosh, 
seventh of Mackintosh (sou of Eva), in Conuage 
in Pettie, where he then dwelt, and for them- 
selves and their posterity took protection and 
dependence of him and his, as their chief. 
This occurring about 133-t establishes the 
Macbeans as one of the oldest tribes of the 
historic Clan Chattan. The Mackintosh history 
referring to the battle of Harlaw (1411) 
narrates that " Mackintosh lost ui this battle 
many of his friends aud people, especially of 
the Clan Vean." This loss so greatly depressed 
the Macbeans that I am unable to trace the 
succession from this period until the time of 
GiUies, about 1500. In 1609 Angus vie Phaol 
in "Kinchyle for himself, and taking the full 
burden in and upon him of his kin and race of 
Clan Vean," signs the Bond of Union among 
the Clan Chattan. 

I. — This Angus JMacbean received a feu of 
Kinchyle from Sir John Campbell of Calder, 
the superior, dated Auldearn, 18th May, 1610. 



112 



THE OBLTIC MONTHLY. 



From this Charter in my possession, I observe 
that Angus is designed " Angus-Mac-Phaol ^dc- 
William-vic-Gillies," whereby we arrive at the 
names of Angus' father, Paul ; grandfather, 
William; and great-grandfather, Gillies; who 
may have lived about 1500. Angus Macbean, 
the first undoubted heritable pi'oprietor of 
Kinchyle, in the year 1614 added to his estates 



by the acquisition of the adjoining kirk lands 
of Durris called Daars, both properties 
remaining in the family until the final sale. 
In 162G Angus wadsetted from the Earl of 
Enzie the lands of Bunachton, also in the 
parish of Dores. Ajigus left two sons 

II. — John, who made up no title to the 
estates, and at least one younger son, William, 




KIXC'HVI.IC II' 



found in 1027. John is designed younger uf 
Kinchyle in 1C28, married Mary Macqueun, 
daughter of Donald Macqueen of Corrybrough, 
and witnesses a deed connected with the estate 
of Inverlochie, 31st August, 1610. He appears 
to have married a second time, Isabella Baillie. 
John was succeeded by his son. 

Ill- — Paul, who on 11th May, 1G64, receives 



from C'alder, the superior, a precept of Clare 
Constat, as heir of his grandfather, Angus, 
Paul and Annie Urquhart, his affianced spouse, 
daughter of Alexander Urquhart of Kinudie, 
receive in 1655 a Charter from John Macbean 
(No. 2 hereof), Angus, another son of John, 
being one of the witnesses In 1058 mention 
is made of John of lunchyle, of Lachlan Mac- 



THE OELTIC MONTHLY. 



113 



bean, his brothei-, and of Paul, as " apparent " 
of Kinchyle. In 1GG3 Paul Macbean of Kin- 
chyle, Gillies Macbean in Lagnalian, John and 
William, brothers to Paul, are mentioned. 

Falling into pecuniary troubles, Paul bad to 
reliuijuish his estates in 1G85, when they were 
re-granted same year by Calder to " William 
Macbean in Kinchyle," probably son of Paul. 
This Paul ilacbean had one brother, William, 
and I infer that the well-known Mr. Angus 
Macbean, Minister of Inverness, was either son 
or another brother of Paul's, more probably 
the former. 

IV. — William Macbean succeeded Paul, he 
is infeft on precept from Calder in KJSl!. 
Lachlan, his brother german, Angus, Writer, 
Inverness, and John Macbean, N.P., are among 
the witnesses. In 1703 there is note of Angus 
and Donald, lawful sons of William Macbean, 
younger of Ivinchyle. 

Lachlan Macbean in Kinchyle is Attorney at 
the taking of William's infeftment, with Gillies 
Macbean in Wester Draikies and Alexander 
Macbean, lawful son to Paul Macbean of 
Kinchyle, as witnesses. 

William married, 23rd December, 1688, 
Jean, second daughter of Donald Mackintosh of 
Kellachie, and left at least two sons, Eneas, who 
succeeded, and Gillies. One of the daughters 
married Alexander Grant, parents of Charles 
Grant, and grand-parents of Lord Glenelg and 
Sir Robert Grant. Another daughter described 
as Elspet, William's third daughter, married 
in 1710 John Macbean of Drummond. 

V. — Eneas, the eldest son, married, 1711, 
Isobel Mackenzie, daughter of Roderick jMac- 
kenzie of Redcastle. A post nuptial contract 
was entered into in 1718, having the name of 
GUlies Macbean, brother of Eneas, as one of 
the witnesses. Dying without issue, he was 
succeeded by 

VI. — Gillies, who does not seem to have 
served heir to his brother. This Gillies 
described as "in Bunachton," and latterly "Lu 
Dalmagarry," was Major in the regiment of 
Clan Chattan in the '45, and a man of great 
note and strength. Many authentic anecdotes 
of his prowess at Culloden are preserved. For 
instance, when the Campbells pulled down a 
shelter of stone wall forming a protection to the 
Highlanders, he threw himself into the breach 
made, and barricading the passage killed four- 
teen men before he fell. Another historian 
says that Major Gillies Macbean was killed at 
the first dyke west from the field. By his wife. 
Miss Macpherson of Lonnie in Petty, he left 
at least one son, a minor. 

VII. — Donald, who on attaining manhood, 
entered Simon Fraser of Lovat's first regiment 
raised in 1757, and was appointed Lieutenant. 



He was served heir to his uncle Eneas in 1759, 
his friends and relations at the time being 
WUliam Macbean, Attoroneyat-T^aw, London, 
and Captain Lieutenant Forbes INLacbean, both 
sons of the Rev. Alexander Macbean, of Inver- 
ness. The estates which had been in the 
hands of creditors for many years, were sold 
judicially in 1759, and purchased by Simon 
Fraser of Gibraltar, who acquired at same time 
the adjoining estate of Borlum. 

As the headship of the Macbeans is claimed 
by severals, I have given as many names as I 
have met with prior to the time of William 4th. 
All the male descendants of William 4th of 
Kinchyle are thought to be extinct, and their 
headship of the Macbeans must be looked for 
amongst the descendants of William's colla- 
terals, or of his predecessors. 

[To be continued.) 



It is with sincere regret that we have to intimate 
the death of Mr. J. Murray Graham, Hawke's Bay, 
New Zealand. His funeral was attended by the 
members of the Highland Society and many friends, 
and a piper led the procession plajang laments. The 
bier was draped with the flag of Scotland, and the 
whole touching ceremony showed that although far 
from the land of his birth (Island of Lewis^, deceased 
was accorded a fitting burial by his many Highland 
friends. 

"History of Clan ('tRE(;ok." — This important 
work will be published shortly, and should prove of 
intense interest not only to clansmen but to all 
Highlanders. Intending subscribers will find full 
particulars in our advertising pages. 

That most gifted of Highlanders, the Rev. A. 
Maclean Sinclair of Belfast, P.E.I. , has just piiblished 
a most interesting and valuable collection of Gaelic 
songs, entitled "The Gaelic Bards from 1775 to 
182.5," with short biographical sketches. We heartily 
recommend it to our readers. 



JENNY CAMERON. 



B V W. L) R U M M N D-N R I E. 

^1^ MONG the staunchest supporters of the 
(SJ^^ gallant but unfortunate Prince Charles 
^^M^ were the wives and daughters of those 
brave men who had taken up arms in his defence, 
and although, by reason of their sex, they were 
unable (save in three notable exceptions) to offer 
him any physical assistance, they amply com- 
pensated for their inability to help in this 
direction by devoting their time and powers of 
moral suasion to infuse a spirit of intense 
enthusiasm in the lireasts of their male relatives 
and clansmen, for the Jacobite cause and its 
noble leader, 



114 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



The most notable of these exceptions was 
undoubtedly Flora Macdonald, the story of 
whose life is now being so interestingly told in 
these pages by Mr. J. Hamilton Mitchell ; she 
is, and always will be, the heroine of the 
" Forty-Five " ; but there was another lady who 
at the time attained even a greater notoriety, 
by her association with Prince Charles, than the 
fair Flora herself ; this was the famous Jenny 
Cameron, over whose personality there hangs a 
veil of m3'stery almost as thick as that which 
envelopes the form of Pickle the Spy.* 

That there was a personage [pi this name 
attached to the Prince's army is beyond a 



doubt, for in the letter written by Cumberland 
to the Duke of Newcastle, shortly after the 
battle of Falkirk, he writes, " We have taken 
about twenty of their sick here, and the famous 
Miss Jenny Cameron, whom I propose to send 
to Edinburgh tor the Lord Justice Clerk to 
examine, as I fancy she may be a useful evidence 
against them, if a little threatened." The 
question therefore arises, who was the fair 
Jacobite whose capture aflforded satisfaction to 
the Hanoverian Commander-in-Chief, and who 
was considered of sufficient importance to be 
dubbed " famous " in an official military 
dispatch ? 




■AMEKON RAISES THE (JLAN UAMEKON FOR PRINCE CHARLIE. 



The popular version of her history is con- 
tained in a note to a collection of Jacobite ballads, 
edited by Macquoidt, and is as follows : "The 
spirit shown by some of the Highland ladies was 
wonderful. Miss Jenny Cameron of Glendessary, 
when she heard the news of the Prince's arrival, 
finding her nephew, the laird, a minor, a youth 
of no capacity, immediately set about rousing 

* In spite of Mr. Andrew Lang's so-called dis- 
covery, I assert that the identity of Pickle has not 
been satisfactorily established. 

t It is to be regretted that Macquoid does not state 
from what s»iu'ce the narrative is taken. 



the men herself, and when a summons was sent 
by Lochiel to her nephew, she set off to Charlie's 
headquarters (Glenfinnan) at the head of two 
hundred and fifty followers of the clan. She 
herself was dressed in a sea-green riding habit 
with a scarlet lapel trimmed with gold, lier hair 
tied behind in loose curls, with a velvet cap and 
scarlet feathers. She rode a bay gelding decked 
with green furnishing, which was trimmed with 
gold. Instead of a whip she carried a naked 
sword in her hand, and in this equipage she 
arrived at the camp." Upon her arrival the 
Prince went out to meet her, and the narrator 
informs us that " Miss Jenny rode up without 



THE OELTIO MONTHLY. 



ii: 



the least embarassuient, gave him a soldier-like 
salute, and addressed him thus — that as her 
nephew was not able to attend the Ro3-al 
standard, she had raised the men and now brought 
them to his Highne.ss ; that she believed them 
ready to hazard their lives in his cause, and 
though they were commanded by a woman, yet 
she hoped there was nothing womanly about 
them, for she found so glorious a cause had raised 
in her breast every manly thought and (juite 
extinguished the woman. ' What an ellVct 
then,' added she, ' must it have on those who 
have no feminine fear to combat, and are free 
from the encumbrance of female dress ( I liese 
men, sir, are yours ; they have devoted themselves 
to your service ; they bring yon hearts as well as 
hands ; I can follow you no further, but I shall 
pray for your success.' " We are then told how 
the men were .ordered to pass in review before 
the Prince, who expressed himself well satisfied 
with their appearance, and that afterwards he 
conducted Miss Cameron to his tent and treated 
her with the greatest courtesy. Up to this 
point the narrative is fairly consistent with the 
version given Ijy members of the clan Cameron 
and other Highlanders who were more or less 
associated with the rising of the '45 ; but the 
narrator goes on to say that she continued in the 
camp, marched with the army into ingland, was 
taken piisoner at Falkirk, and committed to the 
Castle of Edinliurgh, and afterwards freed. 

Now it is evident from the Duke of Cumber- 
land's letter that a woman of some importance, 
bearing the name of Jenny Cameron, was captured 
at Stilling, after the battle of Falkirk, and sent 
to Edinburgh, but beyond the coincidence of 
name there is nothing to connect her with the 
Miss Cameron of Glendessary, who is stated to 
have been present at the I'aising of the standard 
in Glenfinnan. The anti- Jacobite writers of the 
period were of cour.se only too glad to take 
advantage of this coincidence, and maliciously 
used it to blacken tlie character of the Prince 
by publishing scandalous and purely imaginary 
biographies of Jenny Cameron in the approved 
Grub Street style, embellished with fancy 
portraits of the lady herself, evolved solely from 
their own weak brains. That Miss Cameron of 
Glendessary did not follow the Highland army 
is certain, if we can believe the statement of 
Mr. ^Eneas Macdonald, one of the Highland 
gentlemen who accompanied Princes Charles to 
Scotland, given in the "Lyon in Mourning" 
MS. Describing the raising of the standard, he 
says, " Here a considerable number of both 
gentlenien and ladies met to see the ceremony ; 
among the rest the famous Miss Jenny Cameron, 
as she is commonly, but very improperly called ; 
for she is a widow nearer fifty than forty years 
of age. She is a genteel, well-looked, handsome 



woman, with a pair of pretty eyes, and hair as 
black as jet. She is of a very sprightly genius, 
and is very agreeable in conversation. She was 
so far from accompanying the Prince's army 
that she went ofl' with the rest of the spectators 
as soon as the army marched. Neither did she 
ever follow the camp, nor was ever with the 
Prince but in public, when he had his court at 
Edinburgh." It will be observed that no 
reference is made in this account to the incident 
described in Macqnoid's note of the bringing in 
of the Glendessary men, or of her somewhat 
theatrical speech to the Prince, and we are 
forced to the conclusion that the story, pretty 
and romantic as it is, is open to grave doubt. 
This doubt is increased by a statement made by 
Sir Ewen Cameron of Fassefern, the ne]ihew of 
Lochiel of the '45, in which he says, " The lady 
who made so much noise in 1745-6 as Miss 
Cameron, was a daughter of Cameron of Glen- 
dessary. She had married an Irish gentleman 
named O'Neil, with whom she lived several years 
in Ireland, till obliged by his brutal behaviour 
to divorce him. She then returned to Inver- 
ness-shire, where her original name was given 
to her. At the time of the insurrection she 
managed the estates of her brother, Cameron of 
Dungallon* who was out. She sent the Prince 
a present of cattle at the time of his raising the 
standard, but nei^er saui hhn herself. Slie was 
a woman of beauty and fashion, of good manners, 
and masculine understanding." 

Conflicting as these stories are, they nevertheless 
agree in one point, viz : — that Miss Jean or 
Jenny Cameron of Glendessary was closely 
associated with the Jacobite rising of '45, and it 
is difficult to believe, even in spite of Sir Ewen's 
statement, that she was not present at the raising 
of the standard, as the event occurred in the 
immediate locality of her home, and would have 
proved a powerful attraction to one so closely 
connected with the famil}' of Lochiel. The 
Scots' Mayiizine records the death on '21i\i June, 
1772, of Mrs. Jean Cameron, sister to Captain 
Allan Cameron of Glendessary, at her house, 
Mount Cameron, Lanarkshire. Of the other 
Jenny Cameron, all that we know is, that after 
being kept a prisoner in Edinburgh Castle until 
15th November, 1746, she was liberated on bail 
with the Duchess of Perth. Chambers, in his 
"History of the Rebellion" .says, "This fact, 
which the newspapers of the day make certain, 
would seem to imply that the lady taken at 
Stirling was really a woman of figure, and some 
political consecpience." The question remains, 
who was she 1 

* The Camerons of Glendessary and Dungallon trace 
descent from Donald, son of Alein Mac Iain Duibh, 
XVI. Chief of Locliiel, and a daughter of .Stewart of 
Appin. 



116 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



ALEXANDER CAMERON, ERRACHT. 




rpR. ALEXANDER 
iSf) CAMERON, the 
''at present tenant of 

historical farm of 



the 

Erracht, was born at Keil, 
Ardgour. While yet a 
youth, his father, Donald 
Cameron, rented the farm 
of Inchree, in which the subject of this sketch 
spent his earlier days. In the year 1850 the 
father and son took over the farm of Erracht, 
and after a long and active life there, the father 
died in the year 1876. Donald as a cattle dealer 
was second only to Oorrychollie. He also, along 
with his only son Alexander, farmed largely in 
Argyll and Inverness-shires, but although hold- 
ing large farms in dilierent parts of the country 
they always made Erracht their home. As a 
business man, Donald was one of the smartest, 
and at the same time one of the most respected 
men by rich and poor in the North of Scotland, 
and although extremely keen in making the 
best of his oisportunities, he was never loth to 
help younger and less successful men than 
himself, both with sound advice and a well 
filled purse, and not a few well-to-do cattle 
dealers and farmers of that day owed their 
success in life to Donald Cameron's support. 
And one thing which can be said of him, and 
likewise of his son Alexander, is that although 
both were eminently successful and extremely 
pushing as business men, they never yet inter- 
fered with or disturbed a crofter or a poor man 
in his holding, and neither can a dishonourable 
or a mean action be laid at their door. 
Descended from the Strone family, a sept of 
the .Macgilonie branch of the Camerons, 
Alexander Cameron has the best blood of the 
clan running in his veins. His forefathers for 
long held land from their chief at the head of 
Loch Arkaig. About the end of the eighteenth 
century, John Cameron, grandfather of the 
subject of this sketch, entered as tacksman on 
the farm of Keil, Ardgour. John was also an 
active and energetic toeniber of society. It is 
said that in a dispute which arose between the 
Erracht family and the Lochiel of that day as 
to the sale of Erracht and Glenloy, l.uchiel 
having regretted his bargain, John Cameron 
led a party of young men from Locharkaig 
and deforced the officers who arrived to take 
possession on behalf of the Erracht family, and 
chased them beyond Glenfintaig. It seems 
the officers were from Inverness. For this 
escapade John suffered outlawry for a year and 
a day. And it may be in the way of natural 
compensation that the grandson now lives in 



peace and prosperity in the land that his 
grandfather was instrumental in retaining for 
his chief. 

Although Alexander Cameron has given up 
all his farms except Erracht, he always 
leads an active, useful life among his flocks and 
herds. As a judge of black-faced sheep he 
was recognised as one of the leading men in 
the district, and to see him on a "fank day" 
sort and shott his thousands of sheep and 
lambs would certainly increase your respect 
for the sharp eye and quick decision of the 
clever farmer. 

As an amateur athlete. Alexander in his 
younger days was never beaten, that is in a 
friendly competition in the Clachan Strath ; he 
never at any time competed in public. He was 
also a capital exponent of Highland dance; he 
can still sing a good Gaelic song, and his mind 
is well stored with the folklore of his beloved 
country. I firmly believe that there is not a 
man in broad Scotland who, in a busy active 
life, has made fewer enemies than Alastair na 
h- Earrachd. 

P. A. 



THE WHITE CZAR. 

A Strange Coincidence. 



By Auce C. MacDcnell. 



jj^T was from old 'Rob Ruadh ' (Red 
'%W Robert) I heard the tale, sitting by the 
^^ side of a peat fire in a Highland shep- 
herd's bothy. 

I had been out deer-stalking that day, and 
all the excitement I had of it was a thorough 
drenching to the skin, and, well as I thought 
I knew the mountains, a narrow escape from 
going head foremost over a precipice in the 
mist. A clutch from behind, and a howl of 
fi'ight from Rob's collie, being the first intima- 
tion I had of any danger. 

Afterwards we both had a chat over a pipe 
and a steaming ' cauker ' of whisky-toddy, the 
excellence of which, with its peculiarly mellow 
flavour, made me doubt — ah ! well — its no 
business of mine, and those excisemen are just 
an expense, as the old lady remarked about 
her late lamented. 

We had been talking, among other things, 
over the recent grand doings at Balmoral, and 
the Czar Nicholas II. 's magnificent reception. 
Perhaps it may have been the mere fact of his 
being a Russian that aroused the half forgotten 
tradition m Rob's mind ; yet, his comment at 




ALEXANDER CAMERON. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



11^ 



the end of his tale was strange, so strange 
indeed, that I demanded an explanation. 
None, however, was forthcoming. Kob merely 
remarked that he had told me an old ' sgeul ' 
(story), and added that my clothes were now 
dry and the warm heather bed made ready for 
my reception, with the needless rider, ' that it 
was not very far to walk, just across the floor ! ' 
I, myself, felt no ill or disturbing eflects to my 
equilibrium from that last bumper. I give the 
tale as Kob told it to me, minus the diversions, 
as he heard it handed down traditionally from 
Merran, the nurse's own descendants. 

Part I. 

"Ochon! ochon ! Maisie 'a riin' (my love), 
and have ye turned up your nose at all our own 
lads, fine stalwart lads as ever walked in shoe 
leather, or without, for the matter of that, only 
to fall a victim at last to a tallowed-faced 
Rooshiau ? ' Mo creach 's mo leir ! (my mis- 
fortune and sorrow) to think of it, our bonuie 
' Miss Maisie bhan a ghlinne ' (fair IMaisie of 
the glen) to lose head and heart for the likes of 
that." And the speaker, an elderly woman with 
silvery hair, and a clear cut cast of countenance 
in which shrewdness and benevolence were 
equally blended, gave an angry jerk of the 
head towards the open casement, commanding 
a fine view ot the harbour, crowded with vessels 
of every shape and size, anchored peacefully 
at rest. Her companion, a young lady of a 
singularly interesting type of beauty, entirely 
dependant on the mood of the hour for its 
every varying charm, graceful, and winning in 
manner, knelt in front of the fire in her old 
nurse's cottage, listening with a smile of amuse- 
ment to Merran's out-spoken comments, at the 
same time following the direction indicated by 
the indignant jerk of the head, with those deep 
violet eyes wherein lay the chief charm and 
fascination of her countenance, out to where a 
foreign merchantman stood outlined against 
the red glow of the evening sky. 

Snatches of strange melodies floating across 
the harbour reached the ears of the two 
listeners. As the girl listened, her eyes became 
fixed and dilated as if in the distance she had 
seen some strange vision. A psycological 
moment, in which she seemed to see the glory 
and the pain of an unknown future, without 
the key to read its meaning. 

"Hear at them now!" exclaimed old Merran, 
singing of their gibberish as if any Christian 
could imderstand them Why don't they learn 
to sing us the Gaelic ? ' Ho ro mo nighean 
donn bhoideach' (my nut-brown maid). Now 
there's a song that would fit you well ' mo 
bhron ' (my little one). Oh ! me, what would 
my leddy say if she knew '? " 



"My lady ! " ejaculated Maisie with a bitter 
sneer that was ill to see on so young a face, 
''what place have I in my lady's heart? nor 
alas ! in my father's, since he married her. It 
is all Norah now. Norah is ever right and 
Maisie wrong, and well I know that both of 
them will be glad to have me out of their sight. 
You know the old proverb, M erran, ' Two's 
company but three's none.' " 

And the young girl laid her head down on 
Merran's knee, that she might not see the tears 
swelling up in her eyes. For Maisie had all 
the pride of her old Scottish ancestry, and 
hated herself for the show of emotion she tried 
hard to conceal. The petted and spoilt child 
of her father. Lord Shotto Douglas, it had been 
a hard blow when a few years previously, he 
had taken to himself a second wife, a beautiful 
but frivolous creature, who hated and resented 
the presence of a step-daughter, and had 
gradually succeeded in weaning, if not the 
aflections, the interest of the father's heart 
from his child. Poor Maisie, day by day saw 
herself treated more as the stranger without 
the gates cut oil' from all sympathetic afl'ection. 
Little wonder that the motherless girl, cut off 
from nearly aU social intercourse with those of 
her own rank (for the Douglas's were too poor 
to move much in their own sphere, and too 
proud to move in a lower), found the ready 
warmth of home-Ufe by the cosy fireside of her 
nurse and foster-mother, irresistible. At times 
seeking among the lovely glens and the wild 
sea shore the heart sympathy mother nature 
never denies her ' ain bairns,' when they seek 
her to understand her soul speaking silence. 

" O, m' eudail bhoohd ! (O ! my poor 
treasure), exclaimed the nurse, stroking with 
her kind withered hand the silky tresses of her 
foster-child, " m' eudail bhochd ' it's ill for 
the young to stand by quiet, and see the love 
they have a right to, pass them by, like the 
snell winter wiuds. Ill, ill, to hear the bleat 
of the lamb on the lone hillside, and the mother 
far away. O mo creach, mo creacli 's mo leir ! " 
And old Merran's eyes filled with the tears of 
ready sympathy, "But why, 'mo cheist' (a 
term of endearment), do ye no tell them the 
truth? If he is a honest man and tit for the 
likes of you, they'll no be sorry but glad for 
you to go (by your own telling), tho' it's hard 
"to think that of our bonnie Miss Maisie." 

" But," she added after a pause, "Indeed it's 
not one of the old Douglas blood should be 
steahng away like a thief in the night from the 
midst of us, and with a sailor man from the 
Rooshians, ochon ! ochon ! " she sighed heavily, 
'• I will have no hand or part in it. Deed no, 
deed no. Please God ! I never will." 



118 



THE OELTIO MONTHLY. 



'■ Oh ! Merran ! " cried Maisie grasping the 
old -woman's hands, " you also to desert me ! 
you cannot be so cruel ? am I to go to my dead 
mother's grave this night to tell her that not 
one of all those she used to be so good to here, 
are wiUiug to take her place for one short 
hour. O, JMerran ! I cant, I wont believe you 
to be so cruel." 

"M'eudail, if it was one of our own lads 
your heart was set upon, I would not say you 
no, but a foreigner and a Rooshiau — what gaed 
you to think of him at all lassie '! Coming from 
God knows where to steal our bonnie blue-bell 
from her native soil, ochon ! ochon ! " 

"But, you will stand by me, Merran, 'a 
ghaoil ? ' (love) " cried Maisie, gazing up into 
her old nurse's face with all the witchery of 
her large pathetic eyes. 

"Deed, deed, m'eudail, it's iU against my 
heart to say you yes. But if I cauna prevent 
it, I must just e'en stand by and see you 
marrying yon thing ! And what may his black 
name be ? I never can keep it in my mind 
a meenite." 

"Ivan Ivanovitch," answered Maisie, a proud 
and happy light coming into her eyes at the 
mere mention of the beloved name. " Or just 
to make it sound more homely, Ian Maclau in 
our own tongue, Merran, 'a ghaoil.' "• 

" Huts ! it's no just so ill to think of him as 
Ian Maclan, it seems to bring him a bit nearer." 
And the old woman brightened considerably, 
as she found the dreaded name within range of 
both intelligence and tongue. " But I wish it 
had ,been an honest Scottish lad you fancied 
'a ghraidh' (dearest). And to think when yon 
big ship sailed into the harbour last June, it 
was filled with the ' buidseachd ' (witchcraft) 
that was to set a sjaell on my bairn, and wean 
her from our midst." 

"Oh! Merran, if you knew! If I only dared 
tell you who he is, even you would be satisfied. 
It is just like one of the old fairy 'sgeuls' you 
used to tell me over and over again." 

" Eh ? " queried Merran, curiosity and the 
love of mystery gaining the master over her 
prejudice, " what now m' eudail, may he be in 
his own country ? A great Lord may be '. But 
why can't he tell ! Is one of the old Douglas 
blood not good enough to mate with a King ? 

" It is not him, Merran. If it only depended 
on him. But he is surrounded with enemies 
and with danger, and we must keep silence 
for a wee whilie, and wait his oj)portuuity to 
speak." 

" A wee whilie ! when they ask for silence 
for a wee whilie m' eudail, it is but seldom 
the silence is broken this side of eternity. I 
like it little — the silence and the foreign ways 
of him. O, me ! if he goes to break the heart 



of you, ' a ghaoil,' there's not a lad on the old 
Douglas land but would tear him limb from 
limb. Aye, deed would they." 

" Hush ! Merran, you don't know how you 
hurt me with such doubts. He is good and 
true, and will you not be in the church yourself 
to see us married ? " 

"And is it Mr. MacTaggart that'll be 
marrying you, 'a ghraidh?" queried the old 
woman, drawing her chair close in to the peat 
fire. 

"No, no, not Mr. MacTaggart. No one 
must know who cannot be trusted to hold his 
tongue. It is his own priest that will marry us." 

" His own — what ! deil a one of them 
Rooshian bodies here, the Lord be thankit. 
So he'll jest heve to get Mr. MacTaggart or 
nobody." 

" This very night, Merran, one of his own 
priests will come all the way from Russia, 
disguised, so that no one may know but that 
he is some passing stranger." "See! see!" 
cried the girl excitedly as she sprang towards 
the window, " Did you see that rocket go up 
from the 'Anna,' that was the signal /le was to 
give, that the good Father Vassili had arrived, 
and tomorrow — to-morrow night— oh! my 
own glen, my own glen, I shall never see you 
more." And the girl sobbed as if her heart 
would break. 

It was now the old nurse's task to speak 
words of soothing encouragement where she 
had formerly chided. 

'Come, come, 'mo bhronag,' we'll hev out 
the teapot and toss the cups to speir your 
fortune with, this very minute." So saying 
Merran, assisted by Maisie, bustled about 
preparing the tea for the great function. 
Lord and Lady Douglas were both absent from 
the castle for a fortnight, so that the secret 
marriage and premeditated flight was in no 
danger of interruption. I do not go into all 
the doubts and fears (grave enough) which 
induced the proud daughter of a Douglas to 
consent to this outr6 step, yet it is those very 
outri^ events that really go to make history, not 
the meagre outlines conventionally known as 
such. 

I have touched before on the isolated con- 
dition of Maisie, and her lone wanderings by 
mount, and glen, and shore. It was in one of 
these wanderings she first met with the 
Russian, 'Ivan Ivanovitch.' The 'Anna,' 
presumably a Russian merchantman, had put 
in at the quiet harbour town, in the month of 
June, for repairs. It was now the month of 
October, yet she lingered on for no ostensible 
reason. 

Ivan Ivanovitch, by some said to be a rich 
Russian nobleman in search of adventures, 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY 



11& 



held sufficient sway over both captain and 
crew as to induce them to remain, whilst he 
travelled far into the country and among the 
mountains, picking up the language and 
studying the people, always accompanied by 
one "chosen companion, a young officer of a 
daring and adventurous spirit, and his huge 
mastili". 

( 2'o he continued). 



The following Story gained first prize in the Gaelic 
Prose Competition at the recent Mod at Perth. 



RUARAIDH MACRATH. 



Le "ElLEANACH." 

(Christina MacDougall, Eilean Siiona 



{Continued from paye 95.) 

^ACH cuir thu na beachdan iongantach 
sin agad air cluil, no cum agad fhcin 
iad, cha ruig daine sam bith a leas an 
cluinntinn mar togair thu f'hein, agus dian uiar 
tha sinn uile a' dianamh ; cha 'n 'eil fear cho 
cumasach riutsa, agus is math tha iios agad fhein 
air a sin, a Ruaraidh." 

" Tha sin ceart, Alastair, " arsa Ruaraidh," 
ach cha tig as a' phoit ach an toit a bbios innte. 
A' bheil thu an diiil gu 'n urrainn mise del as 
aicheadh nam beachdan a tha nis air fas mar chuid 
de m fhein ; cha 'n iarr mi air duine eile an 
gabhail a stigh, oir cha robh latha toilichte 
agamsa o'n ghabh mi fliein rompa, ach gidheadh 
cha chuir ni as mo clieanu nacli i an fhirinn a tha 
agam, ach is mise a flmair an tair inntinn mu 'n 
do threig mi an cieidimh anns an d' fhuair mi 
m' arach. Cuir ruit fhein a' cheist, ciauiar bu 
toigh leat a blii searmonachadh fhacal anns nach 
robh thu a' creidsinn 1 " 

" Acli, a Ruaraidh, nach creid thii ann, cha 'n 
'eil aon againn a bhitheas idir a' tiachainn ri bin 
beachd sinuaineachaidh, nach tig uair is uair 
teagamhan dorcha a stigh 'n ar n-inntinn, air an 
diiusgadh leis an namhaid, ach bu choir dhuinn 
an cur air chiil le urnuigh agus le bhi rannsach- 
adh nan Sgriobtur." 

" B' abhaist doiuhsa iirnuigh a dhianamh, ach 
cha do rinn i feum dhomh, de tha ann an 
iirnuigh ach mi-mhodh. Ma tha Dia ann d" 'n 
aithne na h-uile rud, cha ruig sinne leis iirnuigh 
a dianamh ris. Tha fios aige fhein ni 's fhearr 
na tha againne ciod air a' bheil feum againn, 
agus cha ruig sinne leis a bhi ag innseadh dha 
Air an taobh eile, mur 'eil an Dia sin ann, tlioir 
an aire, cha 'n 'eil mi ag radh nach 'eil, ach mur 
'eil. is mur 'eil ann am fear-cruthaciiaidh an 
t-saoghail ach dadmunn, gun fhaireachadh sam 
bith, tha lu-nuigh diamhain mar an ceudna." 



"A Ruaraidii, a Ruaraidh," th\urt a cliom- 
panaoh, "tha eagal orm gu 'n deach thu tuilleadh 
is fada far na slighe cheart. Cio<l an toileachadli 
a bhiodh anns an t-saoghal na 'm biodh fios 
a<'ainn gu 'm b'e so a' chrioch, agus nach robh 
cumhachd sam bith os ar cionn. Seall an neo- 
ionannachd cothrom agus cranuchur a tha air 
feadh an tsaoghail Tha aon neach a' tigiiinn 
a stigh do 'n t-saoghal, agus tha a h-uile ni a' 
feitheamh dha ; tha gach corahfhurtaohd agus 
cothrom aige bho 'n chiad latha, agus tha iad a' 
leantainn ris a dh' ionnsuidh an latha mu 
dheireadh. Tha aon eile a' tighinn do'n t-saoghal, 
agus cha'n fbaigh e ach air eiginn comas 
gluasaid ann ; tha droch nabuidheachd aige, tha 
droch choinpanaicli aige, agus cha 'n 'eil e 
a' faighinn cothrom f5ghlura, oir tha e ag iomairt 
e fh6in a' chosnadh, aig an aois aig an ionnsaich- 
eadh e rud. Tha gach aite is toirteile air a 
thoirt do na daoine is cothromaiche, tha sin 'g an 
leantainn o linn gu linn, agus is ann le fior 
thapachd a bheir duine sam bith eile bhuapa 
iad. Mur biodh againn ach an saoghal so, gun 
chumhachd 'g a riaghladh, cha b' urrainn duinn 
cur suas leis na rudan sin, b' fhearr dhuinn 
fhtigail uilo." 

" Is e sin an rud nach urrainn mise thuigsinn," 
arsa Ruaraidh, " c' ar son a tlia sinn a' fulang a 
leithid de dh' eadar-dhealachadh crannchur, no 
c' arson, ma tha Dia grasmhor ann, nach 'eil e 
a' toirt cothrom do 'na h-uile duine ( " 

" Bhitheadh e duilich a thuigsinn mar biodh 
againn ri coimhead ris ach an saoghal so, ach 
;'iite deuchainn, far a' bheil sinn a' faighinn 
cothrom air na buaidhcan a tha againn a' leas- 
achadh, chum abuchadh ann an ionad is fhearr. 
Cha 'n 'eil an saoghal so, a Ruaraidh, ach mar 
tha am bogha-frois a ch'i thu anns an speur aig 
imannan. Cha 'n fhaic thu ach earrann de 'n 
bhogha-f hrois ; cha'n fhaic thu 'thoiseach no 
dheireadh; ach tha fios againn gu bheil e cruinn, 
ged nach 'eil e comasach dhuinne a' chuartag 
fhaiciun uile. Is ann direach mar sin a tha ar 
beatha an so ; cha 'n fhiosrach sinn cionnus no 
c' aite, ach gu bheil Dochas 'g ar seoladh' suas 
gu nithean is fhearr na an saoghal aimsireil so." 
" Tha moran firinn anns na bheil thu ag radh, 
Alastair, ach an deigh sin, cha'n urrainn mise 
dhol sios leat," fhreagair Ruaraidh, "Ach 
ciamar is urrainn mise chreidsinn gu bheil Dia 
ann, an uair nach urrainn mi 'dhearldiadh. 
Cha'n urrainn duine sam bith a' radii gu bheil 
ni sam bith eu-comasach do nadurr a dhianamh; 
ma tha neo-ionannachd crannchur dhauine a' 
togail bochdainn eucoirean, agus ciontain de 
dh' iomadh seorsa, tha iarrtas nadurra aig gach 
neach air a staid anns an t-saoghal a dhianamh 
ni 's fhearr ; agus tha sin 'g am brodachadh gus 
na cnaip-starraidh a tha anns an rathad orra a 
ghlanadh gu buileach air falbh ; agus na'm 



120 



THE CELTIC MONTHL'?. 



bitheadh so air a dhianamh, bhiodh au saoghal 
inar nach 'eil e. An uair a dh' ambairceas sinn 
air na bheil de mhi-oheartas, de dh' eucoir, de 
thinnaes agus de nithean oillteil air feadh an 
t-saoghail, ciamar a chreideas sinn gu bheil 
cruthadair ann, do 'm b' urrainn na nithean so 
a' leasachadh, agus gidheadh, nach ghiais meur 
gus an leasachadh." 

" Mar thuirt mi ruit a cheana, a Ruaraidh, 
cha 'n 'eil sinne a' faioinn ach earrann gle bheag 
de 'n chruinn-ch^, is cha 'n 'eil fios again ciod e 
is ceann-aobhair de ni, ach g\i bheag, de na 
bheil a' tachairt. Cho math is gu bheil e51as 
agus fiosrachadh, cha toir iad ni ni ' dliiitlie sinn 
air Diorahaireachd mh5ir na doinihne. An uair 
nach 'eil thusa a' tuigsinn ciamar is urrainn Dia 
a bhi ann, o'n tha leithid de dh' olc air feailh au 
t-saoghail, tha thu mar liha am Frangach ag 
ridh — Tha an deideadh orm; uime sin cha 'n 'eil 
Dia ann." 

■ Rinn Ruaraidh glag giire, agus anus a' 
nihionaid thug e 'n aire dha fhein. 

" Cha b 'e giiire bu ch5ir dhomh a dliianamh, 
Alastair ; ach fhuair thu a' chuid is flieirr 
dhiom an drasda; ach cha 'n urrainn mi faicinn 
le do shiiilean-sa. B' fheiirr leam na rud cuim- 
seach gu 'n robh an darra leth de d' chreidinih 
agam. Ach, tha mi a' faicinn, ged nach 'eil mi 
freagarrrach airson na ministreileachd, gu 'n 
dianainn ligliiche math, ged is e mi fhein a tha 
'g a radh, na 'n aontaicheadh m' athair leam. 
Ach fhuair mi litir bhuaithe an diugh ag 
innseadh nach robh e a' dol a thoirt an corr 
airgid dhomh, o nach robh mi dianamh mar bu 
mhiann leis fhein, agus leis a sin, cha 'n 'eil fios 
agam ceart ciod e ni mi." 

" Cha 'n urrainn mise do chomhairleachadh," 
arsa Alastair, " o nach 'eil thu fhein a' faicinn 
freagarrach a' mhinistreileachd a leantainn, agus 
is ann a tha mi 'g a d' mholadh, a chionn gu 
bheil thu ' leantainn do chogais." 

Anns a' bhruidhinn a bh' ann, thiinig bean-an- 
tighe gu dorus an t-seoraair, agus litir aice do 
Ruaraidh, a dh' fhilg post nan ochd uairean. 

" Is ann o'n tigh a tha i," ars' esan ri Alasdair, 
" agus is 6 sgriobhadh Se6naid a th' oirre. Na 
caraich gus am faic mi de an naigheachd a 
th' aice." 

Thug e siiil chabhagach tbairis air an litir, 
agus ghlaodh e. 

" Alastair, f heudail, fheudail, is olc an airidh 
niise air a' leithid de phiuthair a bhi agam ; 
Icugh fhein sin." 

iiha an litir ag innseadh, ann am briathran 
goirid, an trioblaid inntinn anns an rolih iad 
\ule aig an tigh niu thimchioU, agus gu sonraiohte 
'athair, agus gu 'n d' rinn e suas inntinn nach 
dianadh e 'n corr cuideachaidh ris mur robh e 
'del a leantainn na dr^uchd a chuir e mu 
choinnimh. Bha Se6naid a' tuigsinn ni b' fheirr 



na duine sam bith ciod e 'bha 'cumail Ruaraidd 
air ais, agus na 'm biodh e ris an obair a bu 
mhiann leis, gu 'm biodh e 'n a tlioileachadh do 
na bhuineadh dha. 

An uair a chaochail a seanamhair — niathair a 
h-athar — dh' fhag i da fhichead punnd Sasunnach 
aig Se6naid, agus chaidh fhigail anns a' bhanca 
'n a h-ainm, gus au cuireadh i feum air gu 
tochradh, no gu ni s6nraichte sam bith eile. 

Bha Se6naid an deigh fios a chur a dh' ionn- 
suidh a' bhanca, an dti fhichead a chur am an 
ainm a brathar, air son toiseach math a thoirt 
da ann a bhi a' toirt a mach inbhe lighiche. 
Rinn i so, mu'n do dh'innis i do a h-athair e, 
agus ged nach robh e toilichte an toiseach, cha 
b' urrainn da gun fhaicinn cho math agus cho 
fein-aicheadhach is a bha Seonaid, agus cho beag 
suim is a bha i fhein a' cur anns an rud a riun i. 
Dh' atharraich Ruaraidh gu buileach, an uair 
a th6isich e air an obair liir agus a chuir e cul 
ris a' mhinistreileachd. Cha robh aon de 
chomh-sgoileirean a rachadh air thoiseach air, 
agus le thapachd fhein thug e uiach de dh' airgiod 
cuideachaidh na bha 'g a chumail gu math, cuide 
ri airgiod Seonaid. 

Dh' fhas Iain Mac Rath ni bu reidhe ri cuisean 
a bhi mar bha iad, an uair a bha e a' leughadh 
mu mhac a bhi bitheanta a' faighinn onairean 
anns an oil-thigh. 

Cha robh na bliadhnaichean fada 'dol seachad, 
agus fhuair Ruaraidh aite math mar dhoctair 
sgire, gun bhi astar mor o 'n Chnoc bhan. 
Phiigh e tochradh Seonaid a stigh do 'n bhanca 
da uair. Cha chreid mi nach do chuir e moran 
de na teagmhaidhean a bh' aige air chul ; co 
dhiu, cha robh moran anns an sg'ire a bu fhrith- 
eiltiche air an eaglais na 'n doctair, mur l>iodh 
dad eile anns an rathad ; agus cha robh aon idir 
ann a b' fheirr a fhrithealadh do dh' uireas- 
bhuidhean spioradail na feadhnach a bhiodh 
tinn, no ann an trioblaid sam bitli is foghnaidh 
sin fh^in mar innis air. 

Chaochail ministeir a' Chnoic bhiUn, agus is e 
Alastair Mac an Toisich a fhuair iad 'n,a aite, 
agus theid mi 'n urras gu 'n robh e air a dheadh 
lionadh. 

An uair mu dheireadh a chuala mise iomradh 
air, bha e fhein agus Seonaid Nic-Rath a' dol 
phosadh ; agus bha h-uile duine ag ridh gu 'n 
robh e a' faighinn mnk a bha neo-ar-th^ing ris 
fhein anns gach rathad. 

[A' CHRIOGII.] 



" The Weaving ov the Tartan." — This 
beautiful song by Miss Alice C. Macdonell of 
Keppoch, which appeared some time ago in our 
pages, has been set to a most appropriate air by 
B. Handel Garth. The song is very suitable for 
Highland gatherings, and we have no doubt that 
before long it will be a favourite on Celtic Societies 
programmes. 




WILLIAM GEORGE ROSS. 




MR. AND MRS W. G. ROSS. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY: 

A MACxAZINR FOR HIGHLANDERS. 

Edited by JOHN MACKAY, Glasgow. 



No. 7. Vol. V.] 



APRIL, 1897. 



[Price Threepence. 



WILLIAM GEORGE ROSS, FORRES. 



^i7f;ITHERT0, the ancieut Clan Ross has 
Vfi^? ^'^^ been too frequently represented in 
*JL''=t our " Gallery," so that it is with 
special pleasure we present our readers this 
month with the portrait of a prominent and 
estimable member of the clan, in the person of 
Mr. William George Ross, St. Ternans, Forres. 

Mr. Ross was born at Tain, Ross-shire, where 
he was educated at the Royal Academy, and 
afterwards at the Collegiate School, Edinburgh. 
He is the third and only surviving son of the 
late William Baillie Ross, M. D., Surgeon, 
7th Dragoon Guards, and his grandfather was 
the late Rev. Walter Ross, Minister of Clyne, 
Sutherland. On his mother's side he is descended 
from two notable Sutherland families — his 
mother being a daughter of the late Gabriel 
Reed of Trantlebeg and Kilcalmkill, whose wife 
was a daughter of the late George JIackay of 
Bighouse, one of the most important chieftain 
families of the Clan Mackay, and descended 
from the chief, Hugh, father of Donald, 1st 
Lord Reay, famous in the annals of the great 
Thirty Years' War. Mr. Ross can thus claim 
an intimate connection with both Ross-shire 
and Sutherland. 

On leaving the Collegiate School, he entered 
into the service of the Union Bank of Scotland 
in Edinburgh for several years. In 1875 he 
joined the 4th Highland Company Queen's 
Rifle Volunteers as Lieutenant, and became 
Captain in 1885. The Highland Companies at 
that time wore the kilt, a dress subsequently 
discarded for a uniform by no means so 
picturesque. In the same year Captain Ross 
passed through the School of Instruction, 
Wellington Barracks, London. 

Mr. Ross married Marie, daughter of the late 
Hugh Christie Paterson of Glasgow, and widow 



of the late Patrick Murdoch, a charming lady 
whose portrait we are pleased to give on the 
accomjianying plate. 

Those who have the pleasure of Mr. Ross' 
acquaintance know how intensely Highland his 
sympathies are, and summer and winter he 
delights in wearing the Highland dress. 
Recently he donned the " trews " to attend a 
ceremony, and was astonished to find that his 
friends failed to recognise him ! The change 
of dress acounted for the loss of identity ! We 
would advise our friend to " keep to the tartan," 
for there are few who wear the kilt more 
gracefully. 

Mr. Ross is at present interested in the 
formation of a Clan Ross Society, which we hope 
soon to see established and flourishing. 

Editor. 



ANNIE'S LAMENT. 



f'VE felt the sorrows 
Of Love's weary morrows, 
— Since Alastair whispered, "I'll come 
back to thee," 
Thro' long days of sadness, 
Hope's bright beam of gladness 
Gave solace when life had no pleasure for me. 

The wind on the mountain, 

The voice of the fountain, 
The bird that is warbling in grove or on tree, 

Seem singing and sighing. 

And ever are crying, — 
" Annie ! Poor Annie ! " in pity for me. 

The glen is deserted, 

The wives broken-hearted, 
The shade of Culloden lies dark on each lea. 

Oh ! deep is the mourning 

For men unreturuing, 
My Alastair never will come back to me. 

i„,.K„,i William Allan."' 



122 



THE OELTIO MONTHLY. 




No. II. — The Macbeans. 



Part Second. — Macbeans of Dkummond and 

OTHERS IN THE PaRISH OF DoRES, ETC. 



Macbean of Deummond. 

f;N 1GG3, Sir Hugh Campbell of Calder feus 
'i the lauds of Drummoud to Alexander 
— ' IMacbean, who with bis wife, Effie Shaw, 
are infeft in that year. She was daughter of 
Angus Shaw, styled of Knocknagail. In 1G70 
Alexander is dead, and John Macbean — 
probably Alexander's brother — is found 
designed Tutor of Drummond. Reference is 
made same year to a son of the Tutor, but the 
Christian name is not giyen. Upon 2Gth April, 
16.S7, John Macbean enters into a bond for 
himself and on behalf of his tenants, Evan 
Macpherson, Donald Gray, John Eraser, weaver, 
John Bain, Duncan MacConchie, junior, and 
Finlay MacWilliam, to repay James Dunbar, 
Merchant in Inverness, such seed as they 
required of him, in order to lay down their crops, 
to the extent of 14 bolls bear. The agreement 
was, against Martinmas 1G87, to furnish Mr. 
Dunbar with 18 bolls of the produce, and by a 
marking, it would appear, the obligation was 
implemented in full, prior to February, 1C88. 



In 1692 John Macbean, above mentioned, 
as eldest lawful son and heir of Alexander Mac- 
bean, is infeft in Drummond. In 171G John 
Macbean enters into a contract of marriage 
with Elspet, third daughter of William Macbean 
of Kinchyle. This was his second marriage, 
for Andrew Macbean, lawful son of John 
Macbean of Drummond, is one of the witnesses 
to the contract, as is also the notable Gillies 
Macbean, son of Kinchyle. 

There appear to have been questions between 
the Macbeans of Drummond, and their im- 
mediate neighbours, the Erasers of Erchite, as 
to the casting of peats and cutting of divot. 
This led to repeated Instruments of Protest and 
Interruption against the Erasers of Erchite. 
Although Erchite extended from Loch Ness to 
Achnabat and Loch Duntelchaig, it had no 
peat-moss, and the disturbances which are 
recorded as occurring in 1G'.)7 and 1711 
generally took place at Glaic-na clach-blea, near 
Duntelchaig. The marches between Drummond 
and Erchite had been in disi^ute of old, but 
settled by a jury on decree of perambulation 
on 31st Maj', IGfiO. A deed to which Donald 
Macbean, who had succeeded John as third of 
Drummond, is a party, has a goodly number of 
Macbean signatures. It is written by Ensign 
William Macbean in Daars, and signed at 
Drummond, Gth June, 1721, in presence of 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



123 



William Macbean of Kiucbyle, Donald Alacbeau 
of Faillie, John Fraser in Dunchea, John 
Fraser, Tacksman of Duutelehaig, Gillies i\Iac- 
bean, son to Kinchvle. and the said Ensign 
William JIaobean. From the number of Mac- 
bean signatures, and particularly that of the 
famous Major Gillies Macbean, these signatures 
are photographed. 

Prior to 1751 the Macbeans. who had fallen 
behind in their estate, parted with Drummond 
to my great-great-graud-father, Angus Mackin- 
tosh, Merchant iu Inverness, who is found as 
owner in that year. Angus Mackintosh was 
succeeded by his only son, Phineas Mackintosh, 
Provost of Inverness, who to his after regret, 
was tempted by a very high price to sell 
Dnnumond to William Fraser of Balnain, 




, (V\yj/ 1. ,,1, f. 







Clerk to the Signet, who acquired step by step 
all the lands in the Strath of Dores, from 
Borlum to Inverfarigaig, now comprehended 
under the general name of .Vldourie. Provost 
Phineas .Mackintosh, who, as I have said, 
repented his parting with Drummond, so soon 
as he was enabled to acquire other lauds, bought 
Drumdevan from the Town of Inverness, and 
called his new purchase Drummond, in remem- 
brance of bis own and his father's original 
property of Drummond Durris. 

.Macbeans of Daaes, p.irt of KracHYLE. 

In 166 1 Paul Macbean of Kinchyle, Wadsets 
Daars, part of Kinchyle estate, to Donald 
Macbean iu Durris, and Margaret Mackintosh, 
his spouse, and they are infeft same year. 










W f^CUt^ 



'Qc^^. y//^^^ (fis^o^., ^ .(Jy. 



^>^ 



'U-^l^/Hj^y^^ 



FAr .SIMILK OF SUiXATCKKS TO MACBEAN DEED OF 1721. 



In 1687 Donald Macbean is dead, as also his 
wife, and there being no sons of the marriage, 
Kinchyle as superior grants an entry to Donald's 
five daughters, Marjory, Katherine, Margaret, 
Mary, and Agnes Macbean as heiresses 
portioners. In 1702 Kinchyle redeems the 
Wadset, when it is found that all the daughters, 
except Margaret, the second, are married. 

The monuments in the churchyard of Dores, 
if carefully examined, testify strongly to the 
numbers and influence of the .Macbeans within 
the parish, and there are still several substantial 
representatives of the clan. 

The Alacbeans spread in and about Inverness 
at an early period, and still flourish ; one of 
the tenants on the estate of Mackintosh of 
Holme, Donald .Macbean, is found in 1807, 
predecessor of the late worthy and honourable 



Bailie Alexander Macbean of Inverness, father 
of William Macbean, who presently fills with 
such credit the position of Provost of Inverness. 

before leaving 
The M acbeans of Dores and Inverness Parishes, 

the family of the Rev. Angus Macbean, and 
of the Rev. Alexander Macbean, both of 
Inverness, must not be overlooked. The 
former is generally admitted to have been a 
younger son of Kinchyle, but neither his 
propinquity nor that of the Rev. Alexander 
Macbean has been hitherto absolutely esta- 
blished. From Mr. William Mackay's valuable 
Inverness and Dingwall Presbytery Recoi'ds, it 
is shown that Mr. Angus Macbean is on 17th 
October, 1683, described as Student in Divinity, 
and on 19th December, presented to Inverness 



124 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



by Strichen, and with the approval of Colin, 
Lord Bishop of Moray, he is inducted as 
successor of Mr. Alexander Clerk, to the church 
of Inverness. By 1G87 Mr. Macbean's views 
had changed, and he absented himself from 
church meetings, it being recorded that at the 
meeting on 3rd August, he had been three times 
absent The brethren seem to have dealt 
considerately with him, and appointed a small 
committee to see and converse with him. The 
committee reported 7th September, iuter alia, 
that Mr. Macbean asserted that "Presbytery 
was the only government that God owned in 
these nations." As also that "jNIr. Macbean 
in his public lectures and sermons did so reflect 
upon the government of our church, and was 
like to make such a schism at Inverness, as 
could not be endured by any affected to the 
present government." At the request of the 
Magistrates of Inverness, that all process should 
be delayed till the next meeting, and that they 
should use their endeavours to persuade the 
said ilr. Angus to be more orderly, and to meet 
with his brethren and satisfy them ; which if 
he would not do, they resolved to leave him to 
himself if he would not follow their advice ; 
the matter was adjourned till 5th October, 
1G87, when it is recorded that Mr. Angus still 
wilfully absented himself, and neither the 
ilagistrates nor his other friends had in the 
least prevailed with him. A final effort was 
made on 19th October; another deputation was 
appointed to confer with Mr. Macbean, but by 
the minutes of meeting of 7th December matters 
had come to a crisis, it being reported that Mr. 
Macbean publicly in a service in the Highlands 
■' disowned the Church Government established 
by law, and publicly demitted his charge of the 
ministry under the present government, and 
wilfully deserted his flock, and at same time did 
publicly exhort and intreat all men whatsoever 
to abstain from speaking to him any more in 
that affair." Mr. Macbean was regularly 
deposed at Edinburgh 27th February, 1688, 
being personally present, and as late as 27th 
March, 1G88, the Presbytery endeavour "to 
persuade Mr. Angus to return to his duty." 
The Records of Presbytery are wanting from 
Iflth September, 1G88 to 1702, and the latest 
reference to Mr. Macbean is on 2nd May, 1GS8, 
when the sentence of deprivation and deposition 
of 27th February is ordered to be registered. 
The after history of Mr. Macbean is well known, 
and his early death. It has been stated that 
he left a son, Mr. Alexander Macbean of 
Inverness, which may be true, though not 
absolutely authenticated. Mr. Alexander Mac 
bean, like Mr. Angus, was certainly connected 
with the Kinchyle family. Mr. Alexander — a 
good man in many respects, termed the " John 



Knox " of the North — was an overzealous 
Hanoverian, for which he got at least a credit 
from that Government, not vouchsafed to 
President Forbes. l\Ir. Alexander ^Macbean, 
who had been at Fort- William, Douglas, and 
other places, including Eosemarkie, which 
received him so ill that he demitted, before 
being finally settled at Inverness. He married 
one of the daughters of John -Macbean, Sheriff 
Clerk of Inverness To the man-iage contract 
of the Sherift' Clerk, and his second wife Marjory 
Baillie, sister of John Baillie of Leys, near 
Inverness, dated 9th, 15th, and 23rd June, 
1732, the Rev. Alexander Macbean is a witness. 
As the Rev Alexander Macbean undoubtedly 
belonged to the church militant, it is not 
surprising that his descendants, the Forbes- 
Macbeans have been and continue hereditary 
warriors. 

Next paper will deal with the Macbeans of 
Faillie, and of Tomatin. 

(To be continued.) 




SNOWDROPS. 



Now you are here, with 
dainty air, 
With slender stems and blossoms fair 



o To deck the path of Lady Spring, 
Old Winter must be on the wing ! 



Before you came, I doubted sore 

This bare brown earth could bloom no more, 

But now the garden is bediglit 

With tenderest green and anowy white. 

I dare believe, now you are here 
111 all the treasures of the year — 
That June's red rose will blow again, 
The valleys huigh with golden grain. 

My snowdrops, see, to welcome you. 
From yonder cloud the sun breaks through. 
And overhead the skylarks sing — 
Old Winter must have taken wing, 
Now you are here I 

R. F. Forbes, 




DAVID MACDONALD, J. P. 



THK CELTIC MONTHLY. 



125 



DAVID MACDONALD, J. P., ABERDEEN. 




0jy^ R. INI AC D O N A L D is 
^IJIffi) imquestiouably a self- 
■My^^ made man, and a brief 
biographical sketch of his hfe 
should prove very interesting 
reading indeed. He is a native 
of Woodside, Aberdeen, where at an early age 
he was employed in a cotton mill. He was 
afterwards apprenticed for five years in the 
counting-house of Messrs Gordon, Barron iV Co. 
Mr. Macdonald was a contemjjorary of the late 
Sir John Anderson of ^^"oolwich, both the lads 
being employed at the same works, and receiving 
their rudimentary education — at the close of 
their day's work, after eight o'clock — at the 
same school. For many years Mr. Macdonald 
held the position of- book-keeper at Messrs D 
Hogarth >fc Co. of Aberdeen, the friendship of 
whose firm he still warmly retains. He 
afterwards became a merchant on his own 
account in Aberdeen, and in recent years he 
has assumed his sons as partners in the well 
kuowu firm of D. Macdonald & Sous. 

In Aberdeen Mr. Macdonald for eleven years 
discharged faithfully and with great business 
perspicuity the duties of a Town Councillor and 
Harbour Commissioner, and of that time he 
was for over six years a Bailie. During his 
term as a Councillor, he was Convener of the 
Gas Committee, and it was while he occupied 
that chair that most of the recent improvements 
with regard to lighting by gas originated. He 
was also Convener of the Fishery Committee of 
the H arbour Board. It was on his motion and 
by his direct perseverance that the electric 
clock was got for Aberdeen ; and it was also on 
his motion that the Prince of Wales' presents 
were brought to the Town and County Hall for 
exhibition. This exhibition proved a great 
success, financially and otherwise, and this, too, 
notwithstanding the adverse opinions of certain 
wiseacres of the city. 

Mr. Macdonald was the first to suggest an 
Art Museum for Aberdeen, although his 
proposition was to have an Industrial and Art 
Museum combined. In the summer of 1879, 
Mr. Macdonald addressed a letter on the subject 
to the Editor of the A bei deen Frve Press, urging 
the necessity of taking active and immediate 
steps to form such a museum In their midst. 
He yet lives to see part of his scheme given 
efiect to, and we trust that the Industrial 
jDortion, as well, is in the near- feature. To Mr. 
JNIacdonald's enterprise the Aberdoniaus owe 
the experiment of lighting a portion of the city 
by the "gas" of the future — the electric hght 

Mr. Macdonald is a director of the Aberdeen 
Lime Company, the Aberdeen Steam Navi- 



gation Company, the Aberdeen, Newcastle, 
and Hull Steam Shipping Company : Chairman 
of the Aberdeen Steam Laundry Company ; 
and president of the Aberdeen Projserty Invest- 
ment Building Societj', the largest society of 
the kind in Scotland. This does not exhaust 
the list of the many important pubhc offices 
held by Mr. Macdonald, for it must be added 
that he was for six years Lord Dean of Guild 
of the Cit^' of Aberdeen.. He was made a 
Justice of the Peace a few years ago. 

Mr. Macdonald, who has thus won his way 
to the front in the commercial world, comes of 
a fighting stock. His grandfather fought in 
the great American War of Independence, and 
his father was at the battle of Waterloo, and 
was one of the Queen's oldest pensioners. Doth 
these relatives served in the 4:2nd Highlanders 
(Black Watch). 

We may mention that Mr. Macdonald was 
the founder of the Highland Association of 
Aberdeen, of which he was Chairman for many 
years, and on its resuscitation by Mr. Hugh 
Macdonald, its present able secretary, Mr. 
David Alacdonald was elected Senior Chieftain 
and vice-president. 



"OLD WIVES' TALES," 
FROM MACLEOD'S COUNTRY. 



[Old Eric Macdonald, Dunvegan, Skye, 
Interviewed as to the Fairies, etc.] 

translated fru.m the gaelic uv 
LUCKHART BOGLE. 

Q. Did you ever see the Gruagach ? 

A. He used to be seen between Orbost and 
Roag, at a place called Lag-an-t-searrag. I saw 
him when I was about twenty years old. He 
was a nice-looking (grinu) man dressed like a 
minister iu black. 

Q. Had he fair hair ? 

A. I don't know as to the hair, with the 
fright I got. At 11 o'clock, he was standing on 
a bank above a well. I thought it was one I 
knew. " Is that you, Mr. Dunbar," I asked. 1 
asked him three times but he did not answer. 
He had a little stick in his hand putting it round 
iu the well. I went away when he did not 
answer me, and he followed me, and I could hear 
the noise of his shoes on the heather. I am sure 
enough he followed me for a quarter of a mile. 
When I got to the brae above our own house he 
was not there, and I ran home. It was then I 
got the fright, aud I dashed cold water on my 
face. jNly father asked me if I had a stitch or 
was it fright. I said it was the fright. He asked 
me what frightened me, and I told him all about 



126 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



it. " Idiot," said he, " that was protecting you 
It was the gruagach You need not have run 
from him, but if you had said a bad word he 
would have been cross." 

Down in Elan, Islay, I heard he had killed a 
girl. 

Q. Was it before you were born? 

Yes, but not before my father. It was a widow 
and her daughter living in Elan, Islay, keeping 
cattle for the " Major," the father of the present 
proprietor. There were no other houses but their 
own on the island. Well the girl was putting in 
the c.ittle, and she used an oath (droch conail ort), 
and he was there and struck her with the stick 
and she was dead, and she fell. He himself and 
the mother took in the body. He w.as blessed 
(beannuicht). He was one of the fallen angels. 
He was standing at the fire, which was almost 
out, and red only on one side of the peat, and he 
would turn the peat with the stick and say, 
" peat, won't you make light for me " (0 
chaorain nach dean thu solas dhomh). These 
were the only words he was ever known to 
speak. When he would speak, the peat would 
burn like a candle. People who were living near 
the place told me this often. He is living yet. 
If people were living in the glens now as they 
used to be, they would .see hmi often, often. He 
was living since the beginning of the world, and 
I daresay he has to do with the fairies. The 
gruagach usetl also to haunt Ramasaig, Idrigill, 
and Lothairgill. It's in the caves he would be 
living at night, and he would be seen about the 
time of evening when the cattle were returning 
home. 

Q. Would he be courting ? 

A. I don't know if he is a man or woman. 
If he would, very likely it's with the fairy girls. 
I think there would be only one gruagach from 
all time, and people would be seeing the same 
one. 

EKIC MACDONALD'S OPINIONS ABOUT 
SERPENTS. 

The serpents will have a nest just like the birds, 
and a lot of them in it too. You would see them 
on the knolls in the heat. In the nest is tlie 
stone, and the serpents will be twisting around 
it. They likely laid it, for the stone is marked 
and pocked (breacachadh), just as they are 
themselves. Amongst them is always a white 
serpent. I possess a small round perforated stone 
called a serpent stone, long u.sed in Gleuelg for 
the curing of cattle. 

Ferchair Ldi/h, in Highland story, obtained a 
universal knowledge of medicine by boiling a 
/r/ii/r srr/"'iii ill a pot, and tasting the brce, etc. 
(sec C,n„/,/.,-//s n',-s/ Hu/hhiiul Tahs. 

It was believed in the North that at the time 
of the " resurrectionists," many years ago, when 



THE BLACK PLASTERS. 

bodies wei'e sold to doctors for dissection, murders 
were frequently committed. It was believed that 
the victim was rendered unconscious by the 
application of what was called in the Highlands 
" ua plaistairean dubha," or the black plasters. 

■' Another girl and I went to a neighbouring 
village to get our sun bonntes washed, to work in 
them on the Monday at harvesting. We were then 
15 or 16 years of age. Whom did we meet on 
the road but two fellows — one of them was very 
ill-looking — and they made up to us and wanted 
our comi)any on the road. After we had passed 
a tigh-toll (toll house), and it was dark with trees, 
they tried to catch us in their arms, and the other 
girl called out, ' ua plaistairean dubha,' and we 
both ran away as hard as we could, and took 
another way back home." 

Q. What did they use to do with the black 
plasters ? 

A. The black plasters were dashed ou the face 
of the parson ; it was like tar and would never 
come off. 

Q. What was the bean-nighe ? 

A. The bean-nighe was a sort of baua- 
bhuitseach (female witch). 

If she met a man, and he would not speak to 
her, she would kill liim. If one would catch her, 
he could force her to give him three desires to let 
her go — luck, cattle, or money. She was little 
and very old. She would be always striking the 
water as they strike clothes in the water, to 
wash them. It is in rivers and burns she would 
be alwaj's working. 

There was an awful beast that used to be 
about Varkasaig, Bikeri, and other places in my 
grandfather's time. No one ever saw her, but 
the voice was heard at night saying, ' 'Fhadsa 
bhios Biast-a-chli.seadh beo, cha bhi ceo 'n gleann 
fo thiiath' (whilst Biast-a-chliseadh is alive there 
will be no smoke in a glen of the North). Wlien 
we would be fishing and come ashore, those in 
front would cry, "Fhads a bhios Biast-a-chliseadh, 
etc.,' and we would all run past the place we 
were afraid she would catch us. If we fell, we 
would'nt stay to rise, but just run ou. She 
never showed herself. 

Q. How did you know she was a beast ? 

A. We did not know. It was herself gave 
the name to herself when she spoke. ClUeadh 
means gates. 

[to be concluded.] 



The St. Columba Gaelic Choir hold their 
annual concert in the Waterloo Rooms, on 24tli 
March, Dr. Magnus Maclean in the chair. We 
anticipate a large gathering.as a splendid programme 
has been arranged by tlie able conductor, Mr. Arch. 
Ferguson 



THE CELTfC MONTHLY. 



127 




Part XI. — {Continued from page 108.) 

Seemces on the Continent, and the 

Se\-en Years' War. 

IpI^HE Earl of Stair very soon afterwards 
yf^ resigned the command of the army. At 
^— the Hague he met Voltaire, who asked 
his Lordship what he thought of the battle of 
Dettingen. " I think " said the old Scottish 
warrior, " that the French made one great 
mistake, and the British two. Yours was, iu 
not standing still ; our first, entangling our- 
selves in a dangerous position ; our second, 
failing to pursue our victory." 

On the 11th May, 1745, was fought the 
famous battle o'f Fontenoy. The allies were 
defeated but with no loss of honour. Had tlie 
Dutch fought as well as the Austrians and 
British, the result would undoubtedly have 
been different. At this battle the cavalry had 
done little. The Greys, in C(_)vering the retreat, 
lost their gallant commander, General Campbell, 
and 15 men kUkd, 1 officer and 1 1 men wounded. 
The allied army lost 6,000 men ; the French, 
who seldom or never give their real losses, owned 
a loss of 5,000 men, 4 generals and 2 brigadiers. 

In 1716, the British contingent serving with 
allies had been reduced to .3 regiments of 
cavalry (one of which was the (.Jreys) and 7 of 
infantry. At the battle of Eoncoux, the Greys 
and other cavalry regiments remained inactive 
but impatient spectators of the sanguinary 
struggle. But as soon as the victorious French 
came iu pursuit into the open ground, they 
•rushed upon them with furious ardour, broke 




JOHN MACKAY. CE.,JP. 

HF Pf FORO 



up their array, and chased them back to the 
covert of thicket and hedge, and the allied 
forces then retreated unmolested, crossed the 
Meuse, and encamped near JIaestricht. 

The details of these continental campaigns 
can have but little interest for the reader. 
Marches that led to nothing, counter marches 
equally futile. Manoeuvres that accomplished 
but lit.le, battles that had no definite results. 
It must be admitted that while our soldiers 
displayed the greatest daring and the most 
resolute courage, their generals were equally 
conspicuous for incapacity. 

In the battle of Lalieldt, 1st July, 174/ . The 
allies were commanded by the Duke of Cumber- 
land of " CuUoden renown." The battle was 
severely contested. At length the French 
gained considerable advantage, when the cavalry 
of the left wing was ordered forward. The 
Scots Greys, with General Sir John Legonier 
at their head, led the attack with distinguished 
gallantry. Having overthrown the enemy's 
first line, they contmued the charge and routed 
the second line with equal vigour. Then mixing 
fiercely with the French cavalry, the dragoons 
used their broadswords with terrible effect, and 
captured several standards Animated by this 
tide of success, the Greys continued the pursuit 
too far, and received a volley from some French 
infantry posted in a hollow and behind hedges, 
which brought down many men and horses. 



128 



THE OELTIC MONTHLY. 



Sir John Legonier's horse was shot, and himself 
afterwards taken prisoner. The Greys and 
other dragoons turned from pursuing the 
cavalry, and fell sword in hand upon the infantry 
whom they chased from behind the hedges and 
out of the hollows, but the next moment a new 
line of opponents came upon the scene ; these 
were at once attacked and soon dispersed by the 
gallant dragoons. While this success attended 
the charges of the dragoons on the left, the 
French broke through the centre of the allies, 
and maintained their ground in that quarter. 
The Duke of Cumberland then ordered the 
victorious squadrons to retire. In reluctlantly 
retracing their steps the enemy poured down 
upon the rear, and one squadron of the Greys 



having been put into disorder by a party of 
Dutch horsemen flying before the French, lost 
its standard. However, four French standards 
were captured in the first charge which the 
gallant Greys led with such indomitable bravery. 
In 17J:9 the treaty of Aisla Chapelle ended 
this wearisome and most unpi-ofitable war ; and 
the Greys returned to England and were 
stationed in the midland counties. The peace 
of Ai.x-laChapelle was little better than a truce. 
The only gainer by it was Frederick the Great, 
who kept Silesia, to the secret anger and vexation 
of Maria Theresa In North America and India 
even the outward appearance of friendship 
between Britain and France was not maintained, 
and 1756 was memorable for the breaking out 




I the lioyal Scots Gi> 



[By ir. a A. K. Jvhiiston. 



'SCOTLAND FOR EVER.' 



of the " Seven Years' War." IMaria Theresa 
could not console herself for the loss of Silesia. 
She was determined to recover that province by 
forming against Frederick a coalition that would 
reduce Prussia to its original dimensions as the 
electorate or marquisate of Brandenburg. 
Russia, Sweden, Saxony, the Germanic body, 
were parties to the arrangement. France joined 
the coalition to dismember Prussia. Frederick, 
alive to danger, secretly obtained intelligence of 
the machinations intended to destroy him, and in 
consequence made preparations which his foes 
little expected. Amongst other means of safety 
he negotiated an alliance with Great Britain, 
destined to be productive of important results 
to both nations. Leaving Frederick for a year 



or two to deal with his enemies on the continent, 
the British government attacked the French on 
sea, and all along the American continent and 
India, and in 1758, a British army of 12,000 
men was dispatched to the aid of the Great 
Frederick of Prussia. In the meantime the 
Scots Greys formed part of the detachment that 
landed at St. Malo and destroyed its shipping 
and stores, and afterwards assisted at the 
capture of Cherbourg. Its tine basin, the 
labour of 30 years, costing XI, '200, 000, was 
completely destroyed : all the bastions along 
the shore were blown up : 106 cannons were 
flung into the sea, and two mortars and twenty- 
two beautifully polished brass guns were carried 
away. The Scots Greys lost 25 men and officers 



THE OELTIO MONTHLY. 



]2'J 



killed, and 30 wounded. Anothei- attempt to 
land at the bay of St. Cas ended in disaster, 
being grossly mismanaged. 

In 1759 the Greys formed part of the army 
sent to the assistance of the Great Frederick, 
and were iu Westphalia under the command of 
PrinceFerdiuard of Brunswick, a general second 
only to Frederick himself. At the various 
battles fought during the three campaigns in 
Westphaha and Hesse, the Greys vindicated 
British valour, and evinced the most satisfactory 
proofs of their admirable conduct and discipline. 
At the battle of Minden, had Lord George 
Sackville obeyed the orders of Prince Ferdinaud 
to launch the British cavalry after the French, 
Minden might have been a Blenheim. Never- 
theless, the Greys with theu- old Colonel Preston 
at their head, leaving a troop on the field with 
some Prussian hussars to protect the wounded 



from the "death-hunters," and to superintend 
the interment of the dead, went with other 
cavalry in pursuit of the French. Aged as the 
Colonel of the Greys was, none was so active 
in the discharge of his duty as the brave 
Preston and his gallant Scots Greys, who for 
many miles continued the chase, capturing 
hundreds of prisoners, part of the mihtary chest, 
and all the splendid equipages of the Prince of 
Condi' and Marshal De Contades fell into the 
hands of the Greys. At the capture of Ziren- 
burg, in which the Greys had their share, their 
old Colonel received more than a dozen sword 
cuts harmlessly on " his stiff buif jerkin." 

On the whole, Minden proved a glorious 
victory. In the retreat several French corps 
were annihilated. Many prisoners and a vast 
quantity of baggage were taken. 
(^Tn he fontinued). 



OUR MUSICAL PAGE. 



AN OLD PIBROCH. 



Ipj^jHE well known Pibroch — Is fada mar so 
V^ /h'l siiiii (Too long m this condition) — 
^J^ has a doubtful origin. According to 
Donald ilacdonald, who i^ublished his " Collec- 
tion of the Ancient Martial Music of Caledonia, 
called Piobaireachd," in 1806, this tune was 
composed by Patrick INIor Mac Crimmon, piper 
to Macleod of Dunvegan, Isle of Skye, after 
being stripped of all his clothes at the battle 
of Sheriffmuir, in 1715. According to other 
authorities it was composed by Donald Mor 
Mac Crimmon, the father of Patrick Mor Mac 
Crimmon, on the occasion of his flight to 
Sutherlandshire, on account of some depredation 
(see ^lackay's Collection of Pipe Music, 1838, 
p. 2). Mac Crimmon having entered the house 
of a relative named Mackay, who was getting 
married that day, he sat iu a corner unnoticed 
and unattended. When the piper began to 
play, Donald was fingering his stick, and the 



piper observing this knew that he could play. 
He asked him to do so, but Donald said he could 
not. The whole company asked him, but he 
again refused. At last the piper said, " I'm 
getting 7s 6d for playing at this marriage ; I 
wiU give you one-third of it if you will play." 
Donald took the pipe and struck up — 

'S fada mar so, 's fada mar so, 

'S fada mar so tha mi ; 
'S fada mar so, gun bhiadh gun deoch 

Air banais Mhic Aoidli tha mi. 
'S fada mar so, 's fada mar so, 

'S fada mar so tha mi ; 
'S fada inar so, gun bhiadh gun deoch 

An tigh Mhic Aoidh tha mi. 

He played so well that all the company knew 
that this was the great Donald Mor Mac 
Crimmon, and as he made the pipe speak 
GaeUc, they understood his complaint, and he 
was loyally entertained. Fioun. 



Key F. 



'S FADA MAR SO THA SINN TOO LONG IN THIS CONDITION (1715). 

Moderato. 



U d. d, d : n 
'S fada mar ao. 



d. d, d : n 

's fada mar so. 



's fada mar so 



r : d 

tha sinn ; 



II d. d, d : d' I _ 1. t, 1 : d' 
'S fada mat so gun bhiadh gun deoch : 



s. 1, s : 1 
'S fada mar so 



r : d 

tha sinn 



r. r, r ; 1 
'S fada mar so. 



I s. I, s : 1 I n. n, ri : s 
's fada mar so, 's fada mar so, 



r : d 

tha sinn 



I d. d, d : d' I 1. t, 1 : d' 1 s. 1, s : 1 
'S fada mar so gun bhiadh gun lieoch, 's fada mar si 



130 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



TO CORRESPONDENTS. Thb Clan Mackay Buksaey (£20 per annum^ 

... _ ■ .■ „ „,. i:».„„„„ n».rf hiiainKum tenable for two years) will be Competed for in June. 

All Cotntnunications, on literary ana ouainesB , , , i "^n c ± i ""=. 

matters, should be addressed to the Editor, Mr. JOHN by lads under the age of seventeen, who have 

atACKAT, 9 Blythawood Drive, Glasgow. attended school in Sutherland and Caithness for 

I i g I not less than two years. It is only eligible for a 

TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.— The CELTIC Higher Secondary or Grammar School, or a Tech- 
MONTHLY v»il be sent, post free, to any part of the "ical College. Full particulars can be had on 
, „. , „ , .1 TT : J a., J „/; application to Mr. A. R. Mackay, 10 Graham Street, 
Umted Kmgdom, Canada, the Vmted States, and aU Lauriston, Edinburgh, not later than 3rd April, 1897. 
countries in the Postal Union— for one year, 4s. Gaelic TsArHiNu in Highland Schools.— We 
. ^ —^— — ^ — .,^^ ^ trust the Gaelic Society of London will not rest 

T„_ (^ c 1 T \ n MnMXHIV content with the unsatisfactory reply which they 

M t, V^ t U 1 IL^ ivi U IN 1 n t- I . received from Lord Balfour. They may depend 

APRI L, 1897. upon the support of all the Highland Societies in 

— — ~ — — — ^ — -—-,— ^ Glasgow, as well as those in other places, and when 

COUTEIWTS. they again interview his lordship, they wiU un- 

~ ^ ,,, doubtedly be supported by many of the school 

W.i,i,.AM GBORGE Ross, FoRREs (With plates), ■ ■ - 2 ^^^^^^ .^^ j.,^^ Highlands. We were delighted with 

ANNIE'S Lament (poem)^ - " " ; " " " ''^J the scathing reply to the Scotch Secretary's speech, 

M,Noa SEPTS OF CLAN CHATTAN (.llustrated), - - - -122 ^i,i,h the Rev D. J. Macdonald, of Killean; 

DAT,DTcDONirD,' J.P.. ABERDEEN (with plate), - - ■ 125 Pj^^^i^'^'^'J ^ ^^e Hcrald One only requires to read 

Old WIVES' Tales, FROM MACLEOD'S CouNTBr, ■ - 12E Mr. Macdonald s letter to understand what nonsense 

THE ROTAL SCOTS GREts, Part XI. (illustrated), - ■ - 127 even a member of the Government may utter, when 

Our Mu.sical Page-'S fada mar so tha sinn, ■ ■ - 129 speaking on a subject regarding which he is only 

To OUR Readers, 130 imperfectly informed. 

The Highlander,s of Scotland (illustrated), ■ 131 Mr. JoHN Mackinto.sH, Secretary FOR THE 

A Tradition ok Glen Nevis (illustrated), - - - 183 Gaelic Mod, who has just started business as a 

Heather AND Pine (pocin), 135 solicitor ill Inverness, was presented with a handsome 

A HiouLANu Maiden (poem), -136 dressing case by the members of the Glasgow Gaelic 

Archibald Macniven, Manchester (with plate). ■ - 136 Musical Association. 

The VifHiTE CzAE, - - 137 C. Fraser-Mackinto.sh, LL.D. — We feel assured 

Letters to the Editor. 139 that our readers will join with us in congratulating 

" this distinguished Highlander on the honour just 

OUR NEXT ISSUE. conferred on him by the University of Aberdeen. 

Next month we will give plate portraits, with No one of the Highland race is more worthy of it, 

biographical sketches, of Dr. Charles J. Sutherland, and one wonders why he did not receive this recog- 

South Shields ; Mr. James Grant, president of the nition years ago. 

Clan Grant Society and the Glasgow Inverness-shire The Clan Campbell Society have had a most 

Association ; and Mr. Roderick Macrae, Beauly. A successful session, the membership and finances 

portrait and sketch of Mr. Neil C. Col.iuhoun, having increased considerably. The Annual Social 

secretary. Clan Colquhoun Society, will also be Gathermg takes place in the Trades' Hall, on 31st 

given ; and we hope, in addition, to present our March, Colonel Campbell Hannay, 91st A. & S. 

readers ^vith a special plate, showing a correct Highlanders, in the chair. 

representation of the Clan Macbean tartan, in The Clan Maclean held a most successful 

colours. concert and dance in the Waterloo Rooms, on 12th 

Antiquarian Notes : historical, genealogical March, Mr. C. J. Maclean in the chair. The 

and social (second series), invbrness-shire, meetings have now closed for the season, and the 

PARISH BY PARISH, byCharlesFrasbr-Mackintosh, members may congratulate themselves on the 

F.S.A. Scot. This most valuable contribution to excellent progress made during the past session. 

Highland literature has just been published by The Clan Lamont made their first public 

Messrs. A. & W. Mackenzie, and in our opinion appearance in the Bath Hotel on 22nd February, 

it is the most interesting work that has yet emanated when Mr. Norman Lamont, Yr. of Knockdow, read 

from the pen of its gifted author. The volume a paper entitled " Sketches of Clan Lamont from the 

extends to nearly 500 pages, and contains a perfect earliest times till 1603." There was a large atten- 

mine of information relating to Inverness-shire. dance. The Society is collecting material with the 

The volume is one which every Highlandsr should object of publishing a history of the clan, 

possess. The edition is already pretty well ex Clan Grant Soi'Ial.— The council of the Clan 

hausted, and it is intended to increase the price Grant and friends are having their dance on the 

siiortly. Copies may still be had from the Editor, evening of 20th March, in the Alexandra Hotel. 

Celtic Montlthi, 9 Blythswood Drive, Glasgow — Govan Hichland AssO(_'Iation. — The annual 

Demy 8vo, handsomely bound, 25s 6d ; Demy 4to, reunion was held in the Govan Hall, on 18th March, 

large paper, tine margin, 42s 9d, post free. Mr. John Mackay, Editor, Olfic Monthlii, Chief of 

Cbol Mor. — Part I. has now been sent out to the Association, in the chair. A most atti'active 

all subscribers, and part II. will be ready in a few programme was submitted, and the proceedings 

days. Copies can be had, price 4s per part. proved most enjoyable. 

Sutherland and the Reay Country. — Full The Irish Gaels have decided to hold a Gaelic 

particulars regarding this work just published, with Mod in Dublin on 17th May, after the style of those 

press notices, will be found in our advertising pages. of the Cumunn Gaidliealach. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



131 



THE HIGHLANDERS OF SCOTLAND. 



BY EX-DEAN OF CUID PAVID MACDONAID, ABERDEEN. 

.. TJTHENTIC history casts but a dim light 
_%f upon the race or races that first peopled 
^Mi the Highlands of Scotland. We are 
assured by weighty authorities that we cannot 
claim absolute purity for our Celtic tribes ; that 
in fact the original population must have received 
at ditt'erent periods a large admixture of foreign 
blood. The present inhabitants of the Highlands 



may be traced back to the Picts, who no doubt 
largely intermingled with colonists from Ireland 
called Scots. For the earliest historical notice 
of our northern ancestors, we must go back to 
the time of the Roman Invasion. The Cale- 
donians, with whom the Roman legions came 
into contact, were distinguished by "ruddy locks 
and lusty limbs." They subsisted on milk and 
the flesh of their Hocks, together with the 
produce of the chase ; and were nearly destitute 
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GAI.OACrS ADlii;f:SSING THE CALEDONIANS ON THE EVE OF liATTLE. 



American Indians of our own day. Like the 
latter, too, they were divided into clans or tribes, 
and lived in a state of constant feud with one 
another. The march northwards of Agricola, 
however, united for a time the scattered clans, 
andin the summer of 84 a. D.a liattle wasfoughtat 
Ardoch between an army of 30,000 Highlanders 
and about 20,000 Romans, which, as might be 
expected, ended disastrously for the former. 
Primitive in their manners and customs, the 
Caledonians were not altogether destitute of the 
arts, for in the battle referred to they employed 



war chariots of a rude kind, requiring the skill 
of artificers in their construction. 

ORIGIN OK THE CiAEL. 

The Highlanders are, no doubt, of Celtic 
origin; but from the ninth down to the thirteenth 
and fourteenth centuries, the Highlands and 
Islands were subjected to continual incursions 
from Scandinavian hosts, who appear to have 
intermarried with the natives, and this mixture 
of races must have contributed much to produce 
the hardy sons of the mountain, who afterwards 
made themselves powerfully felt in the political 



132 



THE CELTIC MOJNTHLY. 



life of Great Britain. The l)est proof of the 
influence of the Norwegians and Danes is the 
fact that nearly one half of the names of places 
on the west coast of Scotland are Scandinavian. 
Again, at a later period, there seems to have 
been a consideralile infusion of Norman or 
Teutonic blood. The Cummings, which were the 
most powerful sept in the North of Scotland, are 
said to have been wholly of Norman descent ; 
the Gordons, the Frasers, the Chisholms, and 
several other clans are also said to have been 
originally of the same stock, though undergoing 
continual change through intermarriage. More- 
over, the climate and jjhysical features of a 
country have no inconsiderable effect on the 
temperament and constitution of its inhabitants, 
and no doubt it had its due eflect on the High- 
land clans of Scotland. Certain it is that in the 
seventeenth and eighteenth centuries the High- 
landers difiered materially from either the French 
or Irish, who are known to have undergone less 
mixture with other races. 

ROMAN COKQUEST A FAILURE. 

Little is known, however, of the Highlands 
from the period of the recall of Agricola, in 85, 
down to the year 138, when the great Roman 
general was appointed governor of Great Britain. 
This general constructed the celebrated Eoman 
wall, extending from Carriden on the Forth, to 
West Kilpatrick on the Clyde, a distance of 
thiity-six English miles. The wall, formed of 
earth on a stone foundation, was twenty feet 
high and twenty-four feet wide, having a ditch 
on the side forty feet wide, and twenty-feet deep, 
forts being constructed at intervals of two miles 
along the rampart. For about fifty-fi^'e years 
afterwards, the Caledonians appear to have 
remained quiet, but in 183 they broke through 
the wall, defeated the Romans, and killed the 
general in command. They were ultimately 
driven back, only, however, to repeat the same 
tactics a few years afterwards. In the year 207, 
the Roman Emperor took the field against them, 
and traversed the Highlands with a large army. 
The Highlanders, who avoided a general engage- 
ment, however, it is said, succeeded in cutting 
off, in conjunction with other causes, as many as 
fifty thousand men. Though the Caledonians 
sued for peace, they do not seem to liave remained 
long in a quiescent state. They broke through 
tlieir treaty with the Emperor, and repeatedly 
ravaged the country held by the Romans. At 
length they formed a plan for expelling their 
civilized neighbours from North Britain, and the 
Picts and Scots having formed an alliance in the 
year 3C4, their united forces ravaged the country 
as far south as London. From that period to 
the middle of the fifth century, the Caledonians 
made repeated incursions into the Lowhmds, 
when the Romans, who were sufl^eiirg from 



internal troubles at home, withdrew from Great 
Britain altogether. While the southern part of 
the country was subjected to Eoman rule, th& 
Caledonians remained unconquered, and in 
repeated battles they learnt the art of war in a 
way they never would have done had they not 
come in contact with the first soldiers in the 
world. About the middle of the sixth century 
a colony of Scots settled in Argyllshire, and 
Christianity was introduced by Columba. This 
was the turning point in the history of tho 
Highlands. 

THE DRUIDS, AND THE DANISH INVASIONS. 

The system of religion taught previously is 
supposed to have been the same as in other parts 
of Britain at an earlier period, namely, Druidism. 
What the character of this religion was may be 
best understood by the dutie.s performed by the 
priesthood. These consisted in attending to 
divine worship, performing public and private 
sacrifices, and expounding matters of religion. 
The Druids were the teachers of the youth of the 
country, and the judges in the matter of law and 
justice. Their decisions were final in all cases, 
and thoise who declined to submit to their 
authority were denied the privileges of religion. 
They did not go to war, nor pay taxes. Their 
laws and doctrines were handed down from age 
to age, without the aid of writing, a practice long 
continued in the Highlands, and which may 
afford a clue to the origin of the mass of poetry 
gathered by Macpherson as the poems of Ossian. 
The system of religion was, therefore, not unlike 
Christianity in the middle age.s. Indeed, it is 
possible that the system which prevailed in 
Great Britain before the Christian era, may have 
had some eff"ect in shaping the form which 
Christianity assumed in the dark ages, when 
King, Emperor, and subject were at the mercy 
of the successor of St. Peter. For a hundred 
years after the Romans left Great Britain, the 
country was in a state of anarchy, and the scene 
of constant wars between the Scots and Picts, 
and the Britons and Danes. In the year 839 
the Norsemen invaded the Pictish territories, 
and slew the King, an event which brought about 
a union between the Scots and Picts, and for two 
centuries after this union the kingdom flourished, 
and extended its boundaries north and south. 
The extension of the Scottish kingdom southwards 
was not favourable to the progress of the High- 
lands, which seems to have been to a great extent 
left to native chiefs, and from that period 
onwards, for several centuries, it was in great 
measure beyond the control of the Scottish kings. 
It is true that whenever they chose to put forth 
the strength at their disposal, and marched into 
the Highlands, they were generally irresistible; 
but this was not always easy of accomplishment, 
and only resorted to in cases of flagrant hostility. 



TfiE CELTIC MONTHLY 



133 



HIGHLAND CLANS AT BANNOCKBURN. 

The battle of Bannockburn — tlie great leading 
landmark in the history of Sootland — not only 
secured the independence of Scotland, but order 
and respect for the King's authority at home. 
The only chief who held out after this battle was 
John of Argyll, who was an ally of England; 
but the West Highlands was quickly subdued, 
and the chief of the Campbells made prisoner. 
History says little about the exploits of tiie 
Highlanders during the war which led to the 
independence of Scotland under King Robert 
Bruce ; but the following chiefs and their 
retainers took part in the battle of Bannockburn : 
— Mackay, Mackintosh, Macpherson, Cameron, 
Sinclair, Campbell, Menzies, Maclean, Suther- 
land, Robertson, Grant, Fraser, Macfarlane, 
Ross, Macgregor, Munro, Mackenzie, and Mac- 
quarrie — eighteen in all. Unfortunately the 
details of this battle are of the scantiest 
description ; but there is good reason to believe, 
from narratives which have come down subse- 
quently to this event, that the Highlanders 
contributed in no small degree to the victory. 
It is rather remarkable that such a large 
proportion of the Highland clans should have 
been prominently engaged in a battle which 
placed Bruce firmly upon the throne, and that, 
four hundred years afterwards, the Highlanders 
should have shed cheir blood, and jiarted with 
their estates in defence of the last scion of the 
same dynasty — Charles Edward Stewart. On 
the death of Robert Bruce, another revolt was 
attempted by John of the Isles, and a number 
of chiefs ; but David the Second, though far 
inferior to his predecessor in all the attributes of 
a king and a man of war, immediately collected 
a strong force and marched to Inverness, where 
he succeeded in overawing his troublesome 
subjects, and in obtaining hostages for their good 
behaviour. From the year 1,300, the history of 
the Highlands for several centuries is a history 
of feud and civil strife — a narrative of ravages 
committed by one clan upon another. The.se 
feuds frequently arose from claims of precedence, 
and, in consequence, clans connected by blood 
were frequently thrown into an attitude of the 
deadliest hatred. 

(To he continued). 



Clan Chattan Association. — An "At Home" 
was held in the Shepherd's Hall, on 18th February, 
Mr. W. G. Davidson, secretary, in the chair. There 
was a good turnout of members, and a pleasant 
evening was spent. 

Clan Cameron.— The concert held on the 18th 
March, in the Waterloo Rooms, Chieftain John 
Cameron, J. P., in the chair, was well attended, and 
an excellent programme was submitted. We under- 
stand the Society has had a prosperous year. 



A TRADITION OF GLEN NEVIS. 

By W. Drum.mond-Nokie. 
ipjCTjHERE is perhaps no more lovely spot in 
V^ our beautiful Highlands than the ancestral 
'^^^ home of that branch of Clan Cameron, 
known in Gaelic as Slinchd Shomhairte Kuaidh 
(the race of Somerled the Red), or in English, 
as the Camerons of Glen Nevis. Situated amidst 
the most picturesque and romantic surroundings, 
with the mighty monarch of British mountains 
rearing his snow-capped summit to the clouds, 
as a dominant feature in the landscape, and the 
murmuring Nevis tiowing swiftly at his feet over 
moss-clad boulders and between banks of feathery 
fern, overhung with hazel and rowan ; the ancient 
stronghold of Soirlie Ruadh was a worthy cradle 
for a race of Highland chiefs, whose deeds were 
famed throughout Lochaber for many centuries. 

The origin of this family is obscure, and it has 
been maintained by some authorities that the 
Clan Soirlie was not a sept of Clan Cameron at 
all, but came of Macdonald stock. In support 
of this theory we find that by a charter dated 
20th April, " UetS, John, Lord of the Lsles, 
granted a davock of Glen Nevis to one Somerled* 
(Soirlie), who was probably a Macdonald. On 
the other hand, Mackenzie, in his e.xhaustive 
history of Clan Cameron, traces the descent of 
the Glen Nevis Camerons from John, second son 
of Sir John de Cameron, who lived in the reign 
of Alexander IL, a.d., 1214-1249. 

Whether Camerons or Macdonalds, it is quite 
certain that the Clan Soirlie were in constant 
feud with the Camerons of Lochiel, and even as 
late as the 1 7th century we read of the death of 
Alastair Cameron of Glen Nevis, who was killed 
whilst assisting the Earl of Huntly's son against 
Lochiel. They also appear to have been at feud 
with the powerful Clan Chattan, and it is in 
connection with this quarrel that an interesting 
tradition is still current in the district. 

A short distance from the present farnjhouse 
of Glen Nevis, there is a small grass-covered 
knoll, which was at one time apparently 
surrounded by a ditch or moat, hence its name 
Dan D'lge meaning, the ditch (surrounded) 
mound. This Dun is believed to have been the 
stronghold of the MacSoirlies until the date of 
the story referred to, when it was destroyed, as 
we shall see. For diplomatic reasons, the chief 
of the Glen Nevis men was anxious to make 
peace with his erstwhile foes of Clan Chattan, 
and with that object invited a number of them 
to Dan Di(jii to discuss the terms of a bond of 
friendship, such as were common in the Highlands 
in those days. The tradition states that the Clan 

* Vide C. Fraser- Mackiutosh: Transactions of the Gaelic 
Society of Inverness. Vol. XVII. page 34. 



134 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



Chattan men were mostly Macphersons, and that 
tliey were received with tlie greatest hospitality 
by MacSoirlie, who feasted them to their hearts' 
content, and all was mirth and jollity. As the 
hour for their departui-e drew near, MacSoirlie 
ordered his piper to play a tune to speed the 
parting guests ; but, to his dismay, instead of a 
peaceful farewell, the piper, probal>]y in revenge 
for some private wrong he had sutiered at the 



hands of the Macphersons, seized his pipes and 
with full power of lungs skirled out the war tune 
of his clan. For a few minutes all was confusion, 
amidst which the voice of MacSoirlie could be 
heard trying to silence the revengeful piper, but 
it was of no avail, the mischief was done, and 
with looks of bitter hatred on their faces, the 
Macphersons grasped their weapons and departed. 
Thev halted a few yards beyond the chief's 




THE MIUNIGIIT RAID ON GLEN NEVI.S. 



dwelling, on a small hillock since known as 
Cnocan na mi-choiahairlc ( the knoll of evil 
counsel), where they swore a terrible oath on 
their dirks to avenge the insult without delay. 
The same night, when MacSoirlie and his house- 
hold were wrapped in peaceful slumber, the 
Macphersons descended upon the glen, set fire 
to the house, and put to the sword all who 
attempted to escape, save two. These were a 



faithful retainer of the chief (some say his foster- 
brother), also known as Soirlie (Samuel), and the 
infant lieir, who at the time of the attack was 
peacefully sleeping in his cradle. Seizing the 
child and hastily wrapping him in a plaid, Soirlie 
escaped from a back window, made his way along 
the hills to the cave on the banks of the Nevis, 
beyond \<:\\n!\.h\\Ac\i,Bi\\\ca.\\ei\UalmhSlioinhairle 
(Samuel or Somerled's Cave). Here they lay 



THE OKLTIO MONTHLY. 



l35 



concealed for some time, and when danger was 
no longer to be feared from the Macphersons, 
Soiriie disguised as a beggar took the child in 
his arms, and nought shelter in the house of the 
chief's sister at Inverlair. Their identity was 
not disclosed at first, but one day it was noticed 
that the boy was being fed by his protector witii 
a silver spoon, which the lady of Inverlair 
recognised as her brother's property. Explana- 
tions were demanded and the truth revealed. 
The lad remained in the charge of his aunt until 
he arrived at the age of seventeen, when he set 
out to a meeting of the heads of the Olan Cameron 
held at Mucomer, and presided over by Lochiel 
Boldly advancing to the chief he made known 
his claim, and sufficient proofs being forthcoming, 
he was established as the rightful heir of tilen 
Nevis. 

The date of this story is uncertain, although 
some local narrators associate it wiih the famous 
Tail/far Duhh na Tmnghe, natural son of Ewen 
Cameron ( Eoyhan Beaij ) XIV. of Lochiel 
(about A.D. 154-7). In this version tlie lad's 
protector, Soiriie, after living in the cave for a 
considerable time, made his way to the Earl of 
Huntly, in whose charge the ht-ir was left, and 
he to avoid suspicion travelled down to Cowal, 
where he supported himself by working as a 
tailor, and from this circumstance his descendants 
became known as the sons of the tailor. 

The burying - ground of the Gh n Nevis 
Camel ons is a fir-clad mound, situated on the 
riglit hand side of the road, a few hundred yards 
before reaching Glen Nevis House ; it is known 
as Torr eas an l-slinnein (the Knoll of the 
waterfall of the shoulder). 

A vanish'd race lie here — an ancient clan 
Sprung from the loins of Somerled the Red ; 

Who in Glen Nevis — so the legend ran — 
Ruled long and wisely, of his foes the dread. 

Cradled amid the hills that saw their birth. 
Where giant Ben Nevis rears his snow-crowned 
head. 
They rest in peace beneath the kindly earth, 
Whilst o'er their graves the verdant brandies 
spread. W. D.-N. 



HEATHER AND PINE. 

There's nothing like the heather braes 

That sweep up to the sky, 
Like the purple waves of a sunset sea 

Lifting their heads on high. 
The breeze that blows over the heather 

Is strong, and glad, and free ; 
I think if 1 felt its breath on my face 

There still might be life for me. 

I'm so weary — I try to be patient, 

But day and night 1 long 
For its voice as it sweeps across the hill, 

Full of sweetness and song, 



Sweet with t!ie fragrance of honej-. 

Full of the music of bees, 
Sobbing and singing in fitful mood 

Among the sad pine trees. 

The hills — if I could but reach them ! 

Although it were but to lie 
Helpless and weary as now — although 

Only to see them and die ! 
I would bury my face in the heather. 

Do you think that I would care 
Though its rough brown stems should scar my 
cheek 

You used to call so fair I 

It was fair once —it is faded now ; 

My life is fading too ; 
I'll trouble nobody long, mother, 

But one thing you must do. 
You'll carry me back, when I am dead, 

To where the hill slopes west, 
Where the pines toss high their mighty arms 

You'll lay me down to rest. 

Where the sunlight lingers longest, 

And the light winds come and go, 
And the wood-dove, in the summer dusk, 

Sobs tenderly and low. 
And while o'erhead in the solemn sky 

The stars a still watch keep, 
Among the hills and the heather 

I'll sleep my long, last sleep. 

By the late Mrs. .I.ames Macdon.ai.li 

.ly, 1SS6. (IsOBEL W. CoUSI.n). 




A HIGHLAND MAIDEN. 



About each corridor there Hits 
some ghost, 
And all the walls with pictures dim 
are hung. 
That image forms and scenes that I have lost. 

Within its inmost and most hallowed room, 
Long since I hung a picture wondrous fair, — 

k girl's sweet face, her dear eyes fathomless, 

Snow-white her neck, the raven's wing her hair : 

A daughter of the hills, and in her uiien 
The inborn Gaelic dignity and grace, 

The Celtic passion, yet the tenderness, 

-Vnd all the strange, sweet graveness of the race. 

Dear Highland maiden ! oft in dusk's still hour, 
Th' enchanted image from the wall steps down, 

Becomes thy living self, and speaks with me. 
And brings me back the grace of years long down. 

Ah me ! I was a heartsome schoolboy then. 

And thou the queen of girls, twelve sununers old. 

And mutual love did bind us, while, in dreams. 
We gilded all the coming years with gold. 

Fond dreams ! for youth itself's the Golden Age, 
Its fresh tirstlove holds life's chief ecstasy, 

Its careless, love-lit, hope-enchanted years : 
Than this what age of sold can fairer be i 



136 



THE OELTIO MONTHLY . 



And still in fancy as of yore 1 tread 

The m3Ttle -scented moor, the purple steep, 

By mountain rills that murmur thoughts of thee, 
By silver tarns that down the dark crags leap. 

And still the love-dreams live. For fain I'd think 
Thy hopes, like mine, springfrom our common past, 

That in thy nightly prayer is breathed my name, 
And that thy earliest love is still thy last. 

ErHERN. 



ARCHIBALD MACNIVEN, MANCHESTER. 



)^T3|lHE Islayman's love of his native isle is 
ytj^ characteristic, and this sentiment is a 
'^i distinct trait in the character of the 
subject of our sketch. That " his heart is true 
— his heart is Highland " will be fully endorsed, 
not only by his old West Highland fritnds, but 
also by the larger circles which have gathered 
around him since he first left "green grassy 
Islay." 

Mr. Archibald Macniven is the youngest son 
of jNIr. and Mrs. Macniven of Islaville, Dunoon, 
and late of Ballygrant, Islay. Leaving Islay 
about the age of sixteen, he continued his 
studies at the Andersonian University, Glasgow, 
and he subsequently joined the stall' of the Head 
Office of the Scottish Amicable Life Assurance 
Society, where he received a thorough training 
in all the intricacies of Life Assurance. In 1892 
he was appointed Resident Secretary of the 
Manchester branch of that well-known Society. 
After successfully filling this post for upwards 
of three years, he was selected from a large 
number of applicants to fill his jjresent 
important position of District Manager of the 
Manchester IJranch of the Sun Life Office. 

He is a member of the Council of the Insurance 
Institute, and a Vice President of the Insurance 
Association, before the members of which he 
lately read an able paper on " Competition in 
Life Business," which was published in the 
Insurance Press, and created a widespread 
interest. 

During his career in Glasgow he took a warm 
interest in all Celtic matters, and specially in 
the work of the Islay Association, of which he 
was Vice-president for a number of years. He 
was an energetic member of the executive 
committee which erected the beautiful obelisk 
monument in memory of the late J. F. Campbell, 
of Islay. 

His old comrades of the 1st Lanark Rifle 
Volunteers will recall his long service in that 
crack regiment, in which he proved himself not 
only a marksman, but was known to be imbued 
with the esjD-it (If corps so characteristic of the 
Kegiment. 



As in Glasgow so in Manchester. His 
sympathy is "aye ready" on behalf of every 
good and patriotic cause. He is an active 
member of both the St. Andrew's Society and 
the Caledonian Association, and to the members 
of the latter only recently he read an interesting 
account of a triji to the U.S.A. and Canada. It 
is well known to his friends that he is a lover 
of the Fine Arts, and in this connection is a 
member of the Arts Club, Manchester. 

Fond also of outdoor sports, his great delight 
is to hie to the Highlands and fish the familiar 
lochs and streams, or visit the beautiful golf 
links at Machrie. He has been an enthusiastic 
member of the Anson Golf Club since its 
formation — his Scots fervour and all-roimd 
good qualities being much ajipreciated both in 
the councils of the committee, and in the matches 
on the green. 

Sympathetic and easy of approach, his sterling 
qualities have endeared him to rich and poor 
alike, and in Lancashire (not less than in his 
native Scotland) he is poisular because he is 
known to be genuine, or in Lancashire phrase 
" jannock." 
Gias"o« James Geant. 



Shi>'TY Notes. — The contests for the Association 
Cup have taken a most unexpected turn. Kingussie 
and Glasgow Cowal, wlio were the tinalists last year, 
have been defeated by Brae Lochaber and Beauly 
respectively. The meeting of these clubs at Inver- 
ness in the final will no doubt be a sensational 

one. -The Edinburgh Ca.manachd Club have 

defeated the University Club, and secured the 
Edinburgh League Championship. We hope, now 
that these local engagements are over, they will 
jilay the long deferred match with the Glasgow 

Cowal. It is said that Inveraray have arranged 

to play the Kingussie club at Ruthven : that is a 

match we would go many miles to see. The 

CowalClub'sConcekt on ] tthMarch(Commissinner 
Sharrocks in the chair) was a splendid success, the 
Waterloo Rooms being filled. 

Clan Mackay Society. — At the cunchiding 
meeting of the session on 18th March, Mr. Alex. 
Mackay, Vice-president, presiding, it was unani- 
mously agreed to support the petition protesting 
against the use of the word '" England " instead of 
" Britain " in state documents, etc. The surplus 
from the recent Reception and Gathering exceeds 
£11. Four applications for relief were considered, 
and donations given. 

Donald Macrae (" Balallan ") Testimonial. 

A Committee has been formed to organize a 
Testimonial to Donald Macrae (■' Balallan "), in 
recognition of his services on behalf of the Highland 
people. Contributions will be gratefully received 
by Mr. K. Macdonald, Town Clerk, Inverness ; Mr. 
Dugald Cowan, 81 Comely Bank Avenue.Edinhurgh; 
Mr. Donald C. Eraser, 1!) Hart Street, Bloomslniry, 
London, W.C. ; or by the hon. secretary, Mr. Donald 
Murray, 337 Holloway Road, London, N. 




ARCHIBALD MACNIVEN. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



137 



THE WHITE CZAR. 

A Strange Coincidence. 



By Alice C. MacDonell. 



|iA& T first tbe Highlanders looked at them 
A^^ askance, but the gracious manner of 
,^T^ him who was evidently the leader so won 
upon them that he managed to break down all 
reserve. Sitting for an hour at a time by some 
old wife's fireside, drinking a cup of tea at her 
hands, and making gallant attempts (soon to 
be marvellously successful) in mastering the 
Gaelic tongue. His companion, of a more 
reserved disposition, seemed hardly to relish 
such undue familiarity with those he considered 
as inferiors. But his remonstrances — for such 
the people took them to be by his expression — 
were always met and combated by Ivan in a 
laughing, yet at the same time, a commanding 
tone. It was in one of these rambles, as I 
mentioned before, that Ivan Ivauovitch and 
Maisie met. A trifling incident led to an 
introduction, and afterwards by one of those 
mysterious laws of gravitation, the two young 
people were drawn irresistibly towards each 
other. The first meeting led to others, and as 
often as not, the old nurse's cottage was the 
chosen rendezvous. 

The Russian officer had completely won the 
heart of Merran, until the knowledge of how 
aflaks stood came home to her. Then words 
were too feeble to express her fears and mistrust, 
yet she had been won over in the end, and we 
find her actually a willing assistant in aiding 
the culprit, and consenting to ' toss the cups ' fi >r 
her future welfare. 

" Eh ! but it's the grand fate that I'm seeing 
for you, mo cheist : grandeur, and state, and 
joy, but whew ! there's a black cloud behind. 
Seven beautiful children will you have, but y(ju'll 
lose them, every one but the seventh, and he 
will rise, and rise, and rise, and the more he 
rises, the further will he be from you, ' a rim.' 
I don't understand it, but there's joy for you, 
and sorrow — black, black sorrow ! " 

The face of the expectant bride turned pale 
under the Highland woman's earnest words, as 
if the vision of the evening was being spread 
out before her eyes. 

•' And have I no place by his side, Nursie ? 
by the side of this son of mine ! " 

" Alas ! no, m' eudail. I see his form and 
the form of Ian M'lan (for so -Merran ever after 
designated this person), but there is another 
shape by his side — that of a woman. His head 
is turned away and he seeks you, but the son, 
the son seeks the strange woman." sS. 



A shriek broke from M aisle's lips, as she 
snatched the cup away. " Enough, enough, 
^lerran, I will not believe it Horrible, vile 
superstition. Oh I why did I ever toss the 
cups at all." 

'• Deed, m' eudail, you'll no need to be 
believing it. But oh, mo creach !" she whispered 
in a low tone to herself, ' ' I saw it, every word 
of it." 

" Merran, a ghaoil ! I fear to go so far alone. 
My Ivan — I love and trust him above all the 
world — and yet, to have no face of my own kin 
to look upon, never to hear the tones of my own 
tongue again — oh ! it's hard, hard." 

Then the old dame did a strange thing. 
Rising and standing erect, she flung open her 
door to the wailing blast, and twisting an old 
tartan plaid round her head, silently beckoned 
her foster child to follow. 

A\'ithout a word, ^Maisie went, a spell upon 
her spirit. The howling of the high, dry wind, 
coming down the deep mountain ravine, seemed 
filled with strange unuttered words. Up they 
climbed the steep winding brae that led to the 
old churchyard, halfway up the hill. 

Here in the clear light of the moon, IMerran 
paused in front of the white tombstone engraved 
with the names of her husband and his three 
l)rave sons, who had all perished in a storm, 
just within sight of land. Eaising her hand 
and standing erect, the woman spoke. 

" Husband of my heart, and three dear sons 
brought to me cold and white out of the cruel 
weaves of the sea, forty long years syne, — night 
after night have my old eyes watched your 
white tomb glistening on the lone hillside — 
night after night have I counted the days and 
the hours till the old weary woman might lay 
down her burden, and sleep by your side. But 
it is not to be. Hear me, my dear ones, and 
hear me, my sainted mistress, whose one ewe 
lamb stands at my side : kinship is to the fourth 
degree, but fosterage to a hundred. \\'here 
thou goest, mo dhalta (my foster child)," laying 
her hand on Maisie 's head, " 1 go, in sickness 
and health, in joy and in sorrow ; never shall 
we two jiart more till the grave closes over the 
one or the other." 

The pale light falling on Merran's lace made 
it look weird and white beyond expression, until 
she seemed like an inspired druidess of old. 
Kneeling by the graves of her dead, she gathered 
with reverence a handful of earth, and tied it 
carefully in a corner of her kerchief. Slowly, 
without another spoken word, she turned to 
retrace her steps towards her cottage home. 

Overawed, and not daring to disturb the 
silent anguish of her foster-mother, Maisie 
followed with heavy heart and troubled 
thoughts. 



138 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



Often and often did she take a last long look 
at the bill standing out clear, jagged, and 
sharp, against the sky ; with the white moon- 
beams resting on the whiter tombstones. How 
often in after years must the quiet sjjot have 
arisen before her mental vision, and she have 
wished to rest beside her own folk, where she 
was never destined to be laid. 

By the same hour the following night, the 
huge Russian merchantman steamed slowly out 
of harbour, carrying away with it two loving 
Scottish hearts, one a joyous young bride, but 
sick with the home sickness of the mountaineer, 
gazing her last on the silence of the everlasting 
hills. The other, an older woman, with the 
bitter tears rolling down her aged cheeks, 
leaving behind her kith and kin for the sake of 
her foster child. 

Part II. 
Years had passed away, and the events I speak 
of had become an old story. Tbe chief centre 
of interest at the moment lay in the long 
newspaper columns devoted to descriptions of 
the wedding festivities of the then Czar of all 
the Russias. The extreme dignity of the head 
of the great house of Romanoff, and the modest 
demeanour of his fair young bride ! Ah, well ! 
an eye-witness of the ceremony described how 
the great Czar looked to /lis eyes. Not as if he 
were assisting at a joyous ceremony, but cold, 
stern, and sad ; his young bride, shrinking by 
bis side, seemed already to feel the chill cold 
of her future home strike to her very heart. 
Only once did any sign of emotion stir tbe rigid 
features of the great white Czar, and that was 
as tbe stately bridal procession wended their 
way down the centre aisle of the church. From 
a dark nook in tbe gallery, where stood a 
shrouded figure draped in black, a delicate 
spi-ay of white mountain heather came riutt.ering 
down, down, to the feet of the great Czar of all 
the Russias. 

There the head of tbe bouse of lii:)mauo£f 
stopped, even in the bridal march, and st<joping 
down raised the delicate mountain spray to his 
lips, whilst his eyes sought the dim recesses of 
the gallery in search of tbe unknown donor. 

' A wonderful tribute of graceful courtesy,' 
said tbe newspapers of the hour, ' So full was 
tbe heart of the little white Father of hapi)iness, 
that be could not let pass even the slight token 
of an unknown well-wisher.' Yet tbe bride 
shivered as if an icy blast from the snow-clad 
Steppes had pierced her through. 

A year after, an heir was born to tbe bouse 
of Romanoft', and an aged woman from a distant 
country installed as bead nurse. It was the 
Czar's command, and no one dared to say him 
nay, although the heart burnings of tbe Russians 
on the subject were many and sore. 



The Czarina, with the strict etiquette of tbe 
Russian court of the time, bad few opportunities 
of devoting her attentions to her child, which 
would have done much to heal tbe ache in the 
lonely heart that beat beneath the ermine. 
It was an open secret that the Czar neglected 
his young wife, spending the most of his leisure 
in wild sports among the mountains, where he 
bad built himself a maguidcent castle, One 
wild night of storm and snow, he appeared 
unexpectedly at the Castle of St. Petersburg, 
carrying in with him tbe cold outer winds, and 
as the sentry on duty afterwards declared, an 
animal of some sort wrapped in bis cloak which 
gave out strange cries. 

Tbe next time tbe Czariua visited the nursery, 
her surprise was great indeed on beholding, for 
tbe first time since his birth, the Czar with bis 
son in his arms, walking up and down tbe room, 
a lovelight shining in his eyes she had never 
seen there before. His cheek laid caressingly 
against that of tbe little one, crooning strange 
snatches of song in an unknown tongue. 

Standing spellbound, the Czarina gazed from 
her husband to the old nurse. Advancing 
timidly to where he stood unconscious of her 
presence, with slow uncertain steps, until she 
drew aside tbe cloak in which the little one was 
enveloped. 

It must have been a moment of joy and 
expectancy to the young wife to see the lovelight 
awakening in those clear, cold eyes. Surely, 
surely, tbe one tie that bound them to each 
other would awaken a little love for her also. 
No sooner did the Czar feel her touch than he 
started back, a strange look of defiance on his 
haughty features, still clasping bis little one 
to his breast. Long, long, did tbe mother gaze 
on tbe softly rounded cheek, and tbe long dark 
lashes, dark as night, resting on the rosy cheeks. 

Why does she gaze in tbe Czar's face as she 
has never dared to do before '! Doubt, terror, 
horror, following each other in rapid succession. 

The little Russian undernurse, a girl from 
tbe country, trembled with fear at the long 
unbroken silence between tbe Royal pair — 
broken at last by a long low wail, as tbe 
Czarina sunk unconscious to the ground. 

» :|; * * * * * * 

Tbe young heir of the Romanofi's grew into 
boyhood, a beautiful, brave child — impetuous, 
haughty, and lovable. The heart of the Czar 
seemed centred in him alone, whilst his mother 
scarcely seemed to heed his presence, and yet 
he would have loved her well. Di<l she resent 
the overweaning love of the father for his child, 
in which she seemed to have no part 1 No one 
knew, but year by year tbe stately, cold woman 
seemed to clothe herself more and more with the 
mantle of snow of her adopted country, until 



IHK CKLTIC MONTHLY 



those who knew her best said she had buried 
her own heart beneath. 



' What had recalled the story to his memory '.' 
asked old Rob ; ' oh, it was just an old story, 
and that day he had seen the Czar Nicholas II. 
received as Colonel-iu-chief of the Eoyal Scots 
Greys, dressed in their uniform, a kilted 
regiment as his escort, and a Scdttish regiment 
as his own bodyguard. Well ! well ! it is a 
Cjueer, strange world ; and it was a strange, 
queer coincidence. 

Pressed for an explanation, old Rob remarked 
that the hour was late, adding the rider which 
I shall not repeat ; and that it was not always 
very safe to gi\e explanations of every old .«/»»/ 
one told. 

His tale set me thinking strange thoughts, 
and the last I remember was just before 
dropping off to sleep, asking myself the 
question, ' Who then is Nicholas II., the great 
white Czar of all the Russias ! ' 



[the end.] 



LETTERS TO THE EDITOR. 



THE CHIEFTSHIP OF THE CLAN 
MACKINNON. 

Sir, — A cojiy of the Ohait Tiina: of the 13th ult. 
has been forwarded to me, with a report of the 
prtceedings at the recent Gathering of the Clan 
Mackinnon Scciety. The Chairman of that Gathering 
was Mr. A. K. Mackinnon, C.E., who is described 
as wearing in his bonnet the badge of a Chief, and 
who appears to have devoted the whole of bis speech 
to an account of his family history, laying special 
stress upon a claim he put forward as to the Chiefsbip 
of the clan. Into the merits of that claim it is not 
my present purpose to enter, as they have been 
fully and convincingly disposed of through the 
medium of the book entitled " Memoirs of Clan 
Fingon," edited by the Rev. U. D. Blackinnon, and 
a second edition of which it is lioped may be 
published ere long. That a claim such as this should 
be made by this gentleman on the strength of the 
Chiettship having descended to him through his 
grandmother, who happened to marry a Mackinnon 
who was not even in the direct line, is fairly pre- 
posterous, and cannot, 1 feel sure, be entertained by 
the large majority of the clan, but that it should be 
advanced by him at a meeting of the very Society 
which has acknowledged my father as the Chief, 
calls for the strongest protest on my part. 

1 ask you, sir, to imblish this letter in your ne.xt 
issue, in the interest of the present Chief, recognised 
as^such by the Clan Mackinnon Society. 
Yours faithfully, 

P. A. Ma(.'kixxon. 



Sir, — A communication from Major F. A. Mac- 
kinnon to the Oinni Tiinrs of the 0th inst., compels 
me reluctantly to reply thereto. 

The honourable and impartial action of the 
Directors of the Clan Mackinnon Society in inviting 
lue — the last representative of the direct line of the 
Mackinnons — to take the chair on the occasion of 
the Annual Social Gathering of the 5tb February, 
has been applauded by all unprejudiced persons, 
and the result was a very enthusiastic reception hy 
the gathering of Mackinnons on that occasion. 

In my letters to the Otitic Monthly of May and 
-August, 1894, I stated that there were five or six 
claimants to the honour of chiefship. That it was 
desirable that these should meet and submit their 
claims to ex]ierts, and resolve once for all to 
recognise one head of the clan. 

I am strengthened in my contention by the schism 
that exists generally on this topic, and from two 
works published. In Gregory's " History of the 
Western Highlands of Scotland," p. 22-t, it is stated: 
— " the honour of being male heir to this ancient 
family is disputed between W. A. Mackinnon, M.P. 
for Lymington, and Lachlan Mackinnon of Letter- 
fearn, nor is the evidence relied on by either party 
conclusive on this head." 

In "Antiquarian Notes." by Charles Fraser- 
^lackintosh, just published, it is evident that he 
leans to the Corry family, and next in importance 
to the direct line of the chiefs. And lastly. Sir W. 
A. Mackinnon, K.C.B. , considers he has rights to 
the Chieftship. 

The work referred to (" Memoirs of Clan Fingon") 
is by a relative of Mr. F. A. Mackinnon, and he has 
availed himself in it for fulsome laudation of his 
relations, and abuse and contempt of mine. This is 
not the way history is written, and it is to be hoped 
tliat these defects may be eliminated ; but anyhow, 
I shall reply to the second edition announced in a 
true and impartial account of the clan, which I am 
preparing. I am, etc., 

Alexander K. Mackinnon. 



GENEALOGY OF THE FORBESES OF 
CULLODEN. 

Sir, — I shall be indebted to any of your readers 
who can give me the following information : — 

(!) Captain James Forbes (second son of Duncan 
Forbes, tirst Laird of CuUoden) married ciica 1050, 
Agnes Munro, daughter of Rev. George Munro of 
Pitlundie (elder brother of Sir Alexander Munro of 
Bearcrofts),and settled in Caithness. In what parish 
did he settle, and what descendants did he leave V 

Surgeon John Munro (second son of Sir 
Alexander Mimro of Bearcrofts) is stated to have 
married circn lO'.to his covsin, Miss Forbes, a niece of 
the Laird of CuUoden, by whom he had an only son 
1097, Dr. Alexander Blonro, the celebrated Professor 
of Anatomy in Edinburgh. Was Miss Forbes the 
daughter of Captain James Forbes .' Was David 
Forbes, writer in Edinburgh, her nephew ? The 
cautioner named in his bond of notary in 1735 is 
Daniel Forbes, son of Daniel Forbes in Lybster, 
Caithness. David Forbes used the arms of the 
CuUoden family, and was intimately associated with 



140 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



Dr. Alexander Munro. He married ch-cd 1V62 
Helen, daughter of William Dalmahoy of Ravelrig, 
and grandaiighter of William, second Lord Saltoun, 
and died in 1790 aged about 90. 

(2) Captain Duncan Forbes (third son of Duncan 
Forbes, first Laird of Culloden) of Assynt, married 
circa 16.50, Isobel Ruthven, daughter of Patrick 
Ruthven, Dundee. What descendants did he leave, 
and what became of them i 

(3) Thomas Forbes (a third son of John Forbes, 
second Laird of Culloden) lived at Rait Castle, 
Nairn, and married circa 1095, Jean Cuthbert, 
daughter of David Cuthbert, Inverness. What 
descendants did he leave, and what became of them >. 
Eclinl]iirgh, 20th February, 1897. J- FoKBES. 



HIGHLANDERS IN THE CIVIL SERVICE 
OF THE UNITED STATES. 

Sir, — It must ever be a matter of interest to your 
readers as to the welfare of the Highlanders and 
their descendants in countries away from Scotland. 
It is well known that Highlanders or their de- 
scendants have tilled the highest positions in the 
gift of the people of America. A Monroe, a 
Buchanan, and a Grant have been President of 
the United States of America. On tlve- 3rd of 
November last the people called William M'Kinley 
to the Presidency by the largest majority ever 
heretofore cast, save where Washington was chosen 
twice in succession unanimously. 

It may be of satisfaction to know how many 
Highlanders are in the Civil Service. Every two 
years the "Official Register," (commonly called the 
" Blue Book") is issued giving the name, salary, etc., 
of every one in the legislative, executive, judicial 
and postal departments. The county or state 
wherein every one was born is also given, save in 
the postal. The last issued was that for 1895. That 
for 1897 will not be out for some months to come. 
It will thus be readily seen how ditt'erent nationalities 
are represented in the Civil Service of the national 
government. The various States of the Union do 
not issue these official registers, although department 
reports give their respective officers. The same is 
also true with counties and cities. 

Tlie official register shows that in the service and 
pay of the United States general government there 
are 0,680, whose surname begin with "Mac." Of 
the leading clans, we have Buchanan, 71 ; Cameron, 
74 ; Campbell, 305 ; Chisholm, 20 ; Colquhoun, 
Cumming, 108 ; Drummond, 22 ; Farquharson, 1] 
Ferguson, 174; Forbes, 30 ; Eraser, 110 ; Gordon 
139; Graham, 217 ; Grant, 130; Gunn, 26; Lamont 
11 ; Macallister, 48 ; Macaulay, 56 ; Mackintosh, 43 
Macbean, 7 ; Macbeth, 4 ; Macdonald, 342 
Macdougall, 23 ; Macduff, 3 ; Macfarlane, 91 
Macgillivray, 3 ; Macgregor, 24 ; Mackay, 144 
Mackenzie, 72 ; Mackinnon, 22 ; Maclachlan, 1,57 
Maclean, 118; Macleod, 55; Macnab, 13; Mac 
naughton, 7 ; Macneil, 74 ; Macjiherson, 40 
Macquarrie, 2 ; Macqueen, 20 ; Macrae, 37 
Mathieson, 8 ; Menzies, 3 ; Munro, 94 ; Murray 
243 ; Ogilvie, 4 ; Robertson, 153 ; Ross, 198 
Shaw, 223 ; Stewart, 469 ; Sutherland, 40 
Urquhart, 6 



In this list I have excluded "Robinson," which 
greatly preponderates over "Robertson." In the 
other names I have included the various spellings. 

It will be noticed I do not include the various 

septs, which would greatly augment the number. 

In all probability the figures give the relative 

proportion the various clans sustain to each other 

in America. 

It should be borne in mind that in Mr. Cleveland's 
administration the Irish element largely enters. It 
It must be remembered that his supporters came 
largely from that class. There are in the list an even 
1,200 whose names begin with " O'." The O'Briens, 
O'Connells, O'Connors, O'Neils, are numerous. 
Yours respectfully, 

J. P. Ma(JLKAN. 
Greenville, O, 
17th February, 1897. 



We are indebted to our friend, Mr. Frank Adam 
of Java, author of " What is my Tartan ? " for 
the follovping : — 

Copy of an inscription on a grave-stone in the 
cemetery at Probolingo, Java. 

" Sacred to the memory of Lieutenant-Colonel 
James Fraserand Captain James MacPherson 
of His Majesty's 78th Highland regiment, who 
were barbarously murdered by a band of 
insurgents near Probolingo, on the night of 
the 18th of May, 1813. 

This monument is erected over their remains 
by their brother officers as a mark of the high 
esteem in which they held their worth and virtues." 



" The Thin Red Line. — Sutherland men will be 
sorry to learn of the death of John Mackay, the 
old Crimean veteran, well known as a guide at 
Edinburgh Castle. He saw a great deal of active 
service in the Crimea, in the 93rd Sutherland High- 
landers an d duri ng the Indian Mutiny , and stood in the 
famous " line of red, tipped with steel "at Balaclava. 
The last time we had the pleasure of meeting this 
stalwart clansman was at a recent meeting of the 
Clan Mackay Society, when he treated the members 
to a spirited rendering of Rob Donn's song, Brigis 
'Ic liitairidh. 

Skye Association. — Mr. Donald Nicolson's 
lecture on "Skye; its early history and scenery," 
illustrated with eighty lime-light views, was greatly 
enjoyed by the large audience who tilled the 
Athen;eum Hall. 

County of Sutherland Association. — The 
annual reunion, which was held in the Shepherd's 
Hall, was a great success. Addresses wore delivered 
by Bailie Alexander Murray, president ; the Rev. 
Robert Munro, M.A., B.D., and Dr. John Gunn. 

A Gaelic Choir has been started under the 
auspices of the Perth Gaelic Society. The influence 
of the Mod is making itself felt. 

Gaelic Society of Glasgow. — At last meeting 
two excellent papers were read, " The Restoration 
of Erchless," by Miss F. Mary Colquhoun (a frequent 
contributor to our pages), and " Some Brave 
Sons of Skye," by Lieut. -Colonel John Maclnnes, 
Glendaruel. 




JAMES GRANT. 



/ 









^rs. JAMES GRANT. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY: 

A MAGAZINE FOR HIGHLANDERS. 

Edited by JOHN MACKAY, Glasgow. 



No. 8. Vol. V.] 



MAY, 1897 



[Price Threepence. 



JAMES GRANT, GLASGOW. 




IprajHE (Jorrimouy branch of the (Jlau (iraut, 
VC' which ranks in seniority next to the 
^'^ Earls of Seafield, has perha[is given to 
the world more distinguished men than any other 
branch of that clan. To exemplify this, we need 
only mention the names of .tames Grant, the 
author of "The Romance of War," who was the 
lineal head of the Corrimony family, and Lord 
Glenelg, who attained a position as a statesman 
which has not been equalled by any other 
Highlander within recent times. James Grant, 
whose portrait we present to our readers in this 
issue, is descended from the same branch througli 
a younger son of John IV. of Corrimony, by his 
wife, Katharine Maedonald, of the family of 
Sleat. 

His ancestors have lived for over 450 years 
in Glen Uriiuhait, where his father and mother, 
who celebrated their golden wedding last August, 
still reside, passing their declining years in 
contentment and happiness, and in no home in 
the Highlands are the old ideas of Highland 
hospitality more faithfully observed than at 
Oakbank, Glen Urquhart. This worthy couple 
have had the satisfaction of seeing their family, 
of whom there were sis sons and a daughter, all 
prosper in the world. They have also the 



satisfaction of hearing from their children the 
acknowledgment that the success which has 
attended them has been due, in a great measure, 
to the influences for good which were e.xercised 
by their parents over them as children. James 
Grant, who is the eldest of the family, was born 
at Glen Unjuhart on the I3th of April, 1847, so 
that he has just completed his fiftieth birthday, 
an event which was celebrated on that date by a 
few of his intimate Highland friends, at a dinner 
given to him in the Central Hotel, Glasgow, and 
the present is thus a fitting opportunity for his 
appearance in this magazine Coming to Glas- 
g'ow about '21 j'ears ago, he entered the warehouse 
of Messrs. Arthur & Co. Ltd., where he has 
risen step by step, until he is now one of the 
most respected and trusted representatives of 
that large establishment. Mr. Grant is a large- 
hearted man, and nothing pleases him better 
than to do a service to his fellow-countiymen, 
especially to young Highlanders who desire to 
get a situation. 8o great is his reputation for 
getting them employment that scarcely a day 
passes without some person being recommended 
to him for that puipose, and many a Highland 
lad owes his advancement in the world to Mr. 
• irant taking him in hand at the beginning of 
his career. Mr. Grant is an euthusiastic High- 
hinder, and is a member of several associations 
in Loudon, Glasgow, and Inverness. He is 
President of the Clan Grant Society, and of 
the Glasgow luverness-shire Association. He 
delig-hts in Highland music and Gaelic songs, 
and his well-known appreciation of these makes 
him a most welcome and popular chairman at 
the Saturday Gaelic Concerts. His affabilit3', 
frankness and modesty endear him to every 
person with whom he comes in contact, and if, 
as has been said, the respect in which a man is 
held be the best tribute to his virtue and 
character, the subject of our sketch has no reason 
to be dissatisfied with him.self ; for we question 
if he is Bot the most popular Highlander in 
(jlasgow. Mr. Grant is fond of sports, and he 
is never so much in his element as when playing 
a well-contested game at golf. On the 24th 
November, 188.5, Mr. Grant married Emily, 



142 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



daughter of Mr. Thomas Warwick, Sherwood, 
Nottiughaiu, a lady who enters into all his 
Highland sj'mpathies, and who shares with her 
husband his great popularity. Their family 



consists of four pretty little girls, Wo trust 
that they all may loQg be spared to enjoy the 
esteem and respect of all who know them. 

Angus Fraser-Macrae, M.A. 




Part Xl.~(ContinnedJrrmi page 129.) 

Seven Yeahs' War, and the French 

Revolution 

IJr^.^ORD GEORGE SACKVTLLE. for dis- 



obeying the orders of bis superior at 
=^ Minden, was fried in England by court- 
martial, and declared unfit to serve in any 
military capacity. In the campaign of 1760, 
25,000 British troops assisted Frederick. In 
the battles of Korbach and Warburg the British 
infantry and cavalry greatly distinguished 
thf mselves by the brilliant way in which they 
charged, broke and routed tlie French. At 
the surprise of Kloster Camp, the British 
cavalry, consisting only of detachments of the 
Creys and Inniskilliners, and five battalions of 
infantry, j^erformed the most dashing service, 
and equally so, two months later, at Campen. 

Now appear on the scene Keith's Highlanders, 
who though raw recruits from Sutherland, Ross, 
Inverness, and Argyll, greatly distinguished 
themselves by their intrepiditv and good 
conduct After the Battle of 'Warlnirg, in 
which the French were defeated with great 
loss, Prince Ferdinand reporting to George 2nd 
said "that the loss on his side fell chiefly upon 
Maxwell's brave battalion of British Grenadiers, 
and the regiment of Scots Highlanders, who 
did wonders." 



At Zeirenburg another affair soon occurred, of 
which the Prince reported. " The Scots High- 
landers moiuited the breaches sword in hand 
supported by the chasseurs. The British 
Grenadiers advanced in good order and with 
the greatest silence. In short the service was 
complete, the troops displayed equal courage, 
soldier-like conduct and activity." This was a 
night attack. The French were surprised, and 
taken prisoners. 

At the Battle of Fellinghausen, in July, 1761, 
the French were defeated with a loss of 4000 
men, while that sustained by the British and 
Germans did not exceed 700. Prince Ferdi 
nand in a general order, states, "His Serene 
Highness is generously pleased to order Colonel 
Beckwith to signify to the brigade he has the 
honour to command, his entire approbation of 
their conduct on the 15th and 16th July. The 
soldier-like perseverance of the Highland regi- 
ments in resisting and repulsing the repeated 
attacks of t/ie c/msea troops of France has 
deservedly gained them the highest honour. 
The ardour and activity with which the Grena- 
diers pushed and pursued the enemy, and the 
troj)hies they have taken, justly entitle them to 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY 



It:; 



the highest enconiums. The intrepidity of the 
little baud of Hifjlilanders merits the greatest 
praise." The gallant Colonel in commimicatiug 
the Prince's approbation of the services ren- 
dered by the brigade, added that, " the 
humanity and generosity with which the 
soldiers treated the great lloek of prisoners 
they took, did them as much honour as sub- 
duing the enemy." 

At Graibenstein, in June, 1762, the British 
troops, under the command of the Marquis of 
Granby, " behaved with a bravery not to be 
paralleled, especially the Grenadiers and 



Highlanders." In 1762 were fought the battles 
of VVilhelmstahl and Landwehr-hagen, in which 
the British troops again acquired great dis- 
tinction, cavalry and inf.mtry. Early in 176li 
the "Seven Years' War" was brought to a 
termination by treaty signed in Paris. 

The Highlanders from the peculiarity of 
their dress and the great distinction they won 
in these difterent encounters, attracted the 
notice of the Germans. They had formed the 
most extraordinary notions of them. In 
common with the English then, " they looked 
upon the Highlanders as savages, and believed 




SCOTS GREY— rXIFOHM OF PRIVATE, 181.5. 



them to be strangers to Christianity." Further 
acquaintaintance with the so-called " savages " 
soon dissipated the illusions under which the 
Germans laboured. 

The French too had their own illusions about 
the Highlanders. At first they were disposed 
to treat them with great contempt, but having 
frequently met them and seen them in the 
front of so many battles, they believed there 
were twelve battalions of them instead i>f two. 

On the conclusion of hostilities in November, 
1762, the Highlanders were ordered home. In 
these campaigns they had earned great disinct- 



tion for bravery and good conduct, and so great 
was the estimation in which they were held by 
the Dutch that in their march through Holland 
they were welcomed by acclamation, the women 
presenting them with laurel leaves, no doubt 
prompted by the friendly intercourse that had 
existed previously between the people and the 
Scots Brigade. On their march to Scotland 
through England they received the most 
marked attention, particularly at Derby, whose 
inhabitants presented the men with gratuities 
in money. The most probable reason that may 
be assigned for this remarkable predilection is, 



U4 



*B[JE OIELTIO MONTSL"?. 



a sense of gratitude for the respect shown to 
the persons and properties of the inhabitants 
by the Highlanders of the '45. 

Peace was concluded in February, 1763. It 
was memorable as confirming Great Britain in 
the possession of Canada and its dependencies, 
and as closing one of the most successful 
European wars in which the country had been 
engaged. It was not, however, a peace 
acceptable to Great Britain. It was indeed 
honourable and advantageous to the country, 
yet not considered so honourable nor so advan- 
tageous as the country was entitled to demand, 
after a long and almost unbroken series of 
victories by sea and land in every quarter of 
the world. Pitt then directed the State helm. 

The Greys in February, 1764, left Germany 
and returned to England. For many years its 
services were confined to movements from one 
part of Great Britain to another, and its annals 
record nothing more important than con- 
tinuation of good conduct, strict attention to 
discipline and duty, as well as changes in its 
costume and equipment. 

The great war of the French Revolution 
broke out in 1793, in which Great Britain 
employed all her strength and resources for up- 
wards of twenty years on land and sea, and from 
which she eventually emerged triumphantly 
with a large aecesion of influence, power, and 
territory, and at one period contending single 
handed against all Europe. The French 
Kepublic having invaded Holland, a British 
and Hanoverian force, under the command of 
the Duke of York, proceeded to the aid of the 
Dutch. Four troops of the Scots Greys formed 
a portion of the expedition. They landed at 
Ostend on the 16th July, marched to the 
frontiers of France and joined the army engaged 
in the siege of Valenciennes. On the capture 
of this city they marched to the coast, and were 
engaged in covering the siege of Dunkirk. 
They afterwards moved to Ghent. In Feb- 
ruary, 179-4, they were stationed in Bevern. 
In the folllowing campaign they were actively 
engaged in repeated skirmishes with the 
enemy. 

On the 10th May the British army, then in 
position on the heights of Tournay, was attacked 
by a superior French force commanded by 
Pichegru, which tried to turn its left. Ilepulsed 
in this attempt they opened a heavy cannonade, 
and the French columns were then hurled on 
the British centre. This assault was received 
with wonderful firmness, and a brigade of 
cavalry, including the Greys, was directed in 
turn against the French right flank. Forming 
in line under a heavy fire, they rode through a 
densely planted corn field, still maintaining 
their orderly array and fell upon the enemy 



with such astonishing vehemence that they 
drove them into the greatest confusion. The 
whole British army then swept upon the dis- 
ordered ranks and inflicted a complete defeat. 
Pichegru rapidly retired with the loss of many 
men and thirteen guns. 

In December, 179.3, the Greys were recalled 
to England, and remained attached to the home 
establishment for several years Its strength 
was now raised to 112."i officers and men, and 
remained for two years at Canterbury, as a 
convenient point from which to act in case the 
French invasion was attempted. 

In 1795 they shared in the various operations 
of the campaign in Holland, operations which 
elevated the character of the British soldier for 
devotion and courage, but equally manifested 
the incapacity and lack of military ability of 
his leaders. For the modern reader a record 
of these operations would be utterly devoid of 
attraction. Nothing indeed can be less 
interesting than a mere narrative of marches 
and counter-marches, skirmishes and sieges, 
unrelieved by any flash of genius, or superb 
manifestation of heroism. War becomes a dull 
and profitless drama when no great soldier 
rules the scene, and no memorable victory hghts 
it up with undying lustre. When the battle 
music ebbs into silence, and the plumed helm 
of the conqueror no longer sweeps through the 
cloud and shadow Hke a destroying meteor; 
when genius no longer orders the array, and 
the enthusiasm of success ceases to elevate the 
trooper into a hero ; how dark and gloomy the 
spectacle of the " tented field," how black and 
barren the annals of the strife. 

It is only when a Marlborough or a W^elUng- 
ton, a Campbell or a Havelock, a Wolseley or a 
Roberts occupies the stage, that the drama 
draws upon it the eyes of the world, or has any 
special and enduring interest for posterity. It 
is only when war summons into action the 
highest powers of a bold and comprehensive 
intellect that it can excite the speculation of 
the philosopher, or amuse the fancy of the 
student and the reader. 

The gallant '• Scots Greys " was represented 
at the funeral of Nelson by two squadrons, on 
the Sth of January, ISUfi, and were much 
admired in the procession. The fear of invasion 
having now been dispelled by the Battle of 
Trafalgar, the strength of the regiment was 
reduced to 954 men and officers. 

The story of the Greys has, however, several 
incidents of the most stirring interest and' 
splendid romance to be yet related, especially 
Waterloo and the Crimea. To these the 
attention of the reader will be directed sub- 
sequently. 

{7'() he continued.) 




y" 



RODERICK MACRAE. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



U5 



RODERICK MACRAE, BEAULY. 

President, Beault Shinty Clui!. 




ff^lHE subject of our sketch 
VK^ was boru at the farm 
"■^ of Baeklenan, Strath- 
conan, in 1825 His fore- 
fathers belonged to Kintail, 
and removed to Stratbconan 
several generations ago. His 
mother, Margaret, was a daughter of Mr. John 
Matheson of Milton, Strathglass, an old and 
respected family. Her brother Roderick was a 
Captain in the British army, and took part in 
the war with America — Mr. Macrae being 
called after hiui. He received his education in 
the local school, and in course of time could 
read English well — but did not understand a 
word of what he was reading ! The teacher 
could only speak English, the children only 
Gaelic, and the result may be easily imagined ! 
When young Roderick was twelve years of age he 
entered into service in the low country, and when, 
after six months' absence, he returned home 
with his wages (£2) in his pocket he felt himself 
to be the richest boy in the strath ! It was at 
this time that the people were evicted from the 
south side of the river, the land being turned 
into a deer forest. The misery which this 
harsh treatment occasioned may be readily 
understood, and the Macrae family were 
ordered to remove from their holding to make 
room for one of the factor, Mr. Rose's, favourites. 
Mr. iSlacrae went to his uncles who held the 
farms of Clunvachie and Kellachie, and spent 
two winters with them, eventually entering the 
service of Mrs. Matheson of Hedgefield, mother 
of that distinguished Highlander, Sir Alexander 
Matheson, and one of the handsomest women 
of her day. INIr. Macrae owes much of his 
success in after years to the kindness of this 
lady. When he earned his lirst wages she put 
£1 of it in the bank, adding £2 of her own to 
it, and she continued doing this during her 
lifetime, the passbook being banded back by 
her to Roderick on her death bed. On 
presenting it at the bank he was told that out 
of some thousand depositors his was the largest 
amount in their possession. Thereafter Mr. 
Macrae spent five years at Ardross Castle, and 
two years with Mr. James Mackenzie, who 
leased the Lovat Arm Hotel and stables at 
Beauly, followed by a three years' exjoerience as 
a meal and corn merchant He was then asked 
to take over the Lovat Arms stables and horses, 
and some years ago he acquired the business of 
Mrs. John Grant at Inverness. In partnership 
with Mr. Deck the business has prospei'ed 
exceedingly, their present extensive premises 



being one of the most complete posting 
establishments in Scotland. 

Mr. Macrae's enthusiasm in Highland matters 
is well known in the north, and as President of 
the Beauly Shinty Club he is naturally proud 
that his club, by defeating the Brae-Lochaber, 
should have won the final for the Shinty 
Association Cup, and the Championship. 



"OLD WIVES' TALES," 
FROM MACLEOD'S COUNTRY. 



The Fairy Sweethe.art. 
Taken down erom Eric Macdonald. 



.TRA.NSL.\TED >'ROM THE (lAELIC BY 

LOCKHART I'.OlJLE. 

(Continued from page 126.) 

j3S KNEW a woman, she was an old maid 
vjiy and had a fairy sweetheart, her name 
=^ was Marsallie Stunsail, dairymaid to 
Fear Roag sin Mac Suinu. People would see 
him going in at night and coming out in the 
morning. They say that he was bonnie in the 
face. An old man, Norman Morrison, used to 
see the fairy sweetheart going into the house, 
Greepland. He was the only one who saw it, 
and he put it about the country. 

Q. Would that not give her a bad name ? 

A. She became wild and queer, and did not 
see people. People did not give her a bad 
name. They did not mind those things so 
much then. They used to hear the fairies 
caUing on the hens. jMy father has heard them 
calling "Ditic bhui, diuc bhkin." It's in the 
night we would be hearing the fairies calling 
on the hens. Its likely our night would be 
their day 

The fairies would be taking away earthly 
human children and putting bodachs (old men) 
in place of them, with whiskers. The mothers 
would leave the bodachs all night where two 
roads cross, and in the morning the real child 
would be there. 

A Tale of a Little Fairy Man. 

In Uist a woman was one day j)assing a 
knoll, and she was tired and hot and very 
thirsty. She said, " O that my thirst was on a 
dairymaid (she could at once quench it, and it 
would be away from me), or that my thirst was 
allayed." She heard a voice, and was astonished 
to see a little fellow, red haired and bonnie, 
with a "kuman' of mUk in his hand, coming 
along the road. He was dressed in breeches and 
apron, and his arms were bare like a woman's, 



146 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



as if he had just come from the churn. He 
begged her to drink from the "kuman," and at 
first she was afraid, but as he went on asking 
her, at last she took a good drink from the 
"kuman.' 

Another Story of the Macleods, taken 
FROM Donald Eoy Macleod. 

This story seems to have some appearance of 
antiquity about it, but I question if it dates 
back to the clan period, for then the chief 
would have had more regard for the meanest 
of his clansmen than is shown here. 

A Macleod gentleman who had Ose farm 
used to be called "Captain Ose' in the old 



days before my time, but I heard many a tale 
of him from people who had been in his service. 
I am telling you what smartness and bravery 
were in the men of that period. The Captain 
went droving to Duntulm, where the morair 
(landlord) was, and he was mnvcachd air each 
(riding on a horse), and a boy on a horse 
following him as servant. Well, when they 
were down at a place called Cam's i/ohhair he 
saw hunters with big hounds on the brae above 
him, and they heard the hunters setting the 
dogs at them. Well, Captain Ose told the boy 
to keep behind him, and he struck the first dog 
with his stick and killed him, and the second 
dog he killed too with the stick, and when the 



/ / 



' I 



A ^^ I ^" tj.^ 






the "GRUAG.4CH. 




'-^i./^e: 



hunter^. Lord Macdonald and his men, came 
down, they said they thought it was a ]ioor 
man, and they were sorry it was the Cajitain, 
and he was invited to Duntulm and would not 
go, but he changed his mind and went, for he 
would let no one say that he was afraid to go 
there. 
Black Maroaket from Beacadale gave jie 

THE following: 

I asked her if she knew anything of the 
Fenian or Fingalian Ballads. She said she 
did not, but that Diarmid killed Fionn with 
the tore nimh (poisonous boar). This shows 
how quickly the heroic tales and ballads die 



out, and become corrupted amongst the 
peasantry. Campbell of Islay, who took down 
many fenian ballads, tell us how Fionn com- 
passed Diarmid's death by getting him to 
measure the boar by placing his feet against 
the bristles, which were poisonous. 

These detached tales are given exactly as 
received from the poor but decent old men 
and women who supplied them. They serve in 
a measure to show a phase of superstition as it 
actually exists in the mind of the peasant. 
They are not the prettily rounded tales of a 
Hans Anderson, they are the real article. 

[the end.] 



The Famo0s White Banner (A' Bhintucli, 
Bliau) OF the Clan Mackay is in danger of being 
sent to London. Tbe Clan Mackay are deterjnined 
to prevent it jiassing into alien hands, and the case 
is likely to be heard before the Sheriff. They 
wish this venerable relic to be placed in St. Giles 
Cathedral, where two Mackay regimental flags are 
already deposited. 



The Rkv. Dr. J. Aberigh-Maikay, D.D., Chief- 
tain of the Clan Aberigh, is staying in Switzerland 
at present. His son. Colonel .J. Livingston Aberigh- 
Mackay, of the 8th Bengal Cavalry, is in Scotland, 
and intends paying a visit to the old seat of liis 
family, Achness, in Strathnaver. 

The Dhan ani> Lornb Association have just 
completed the session, with a balance of £40 on hand. 



THE CEI.TIO MONTHLY. 



147 



THE HIGHLANDERS OF SCOTLAND. 



BY EX-DEAN OF GUILD DAVID MACDONAID, ABERDEEN. 
(Continued from page 133). 

THE KAKLDOM OF RIISS. 

fN 1411 an invasion was attempted liy 
Donald, Lord of the Isles, who laid 
— claim to the Earldom of Ross The 
Governor of Scotland declining to sustain his 
pretensions, the Lord of the Isles raised an 
army of ten thousand men, and assisted by a 
fleet from iMii^land, he carried everythini; 
before him. He received a tem|iorary check 
at Dingwall by Mackay of Farr and his 



retainers, but Mackay was taken prisoner, and 
many of his followers slain. Donald pursued 
his victorious career through the counties of 
Inverness, Nairn, Moray, etc., etc., with tlie 
intention of marching on Aberdeen, and burning 
that city. In Strathbogie, and round the 
district, the rebel array committed great e.xoesses; 
and the inhabitants of Aberdeen were in con- 
siderable alarm at their approach. Their fears 
were, however, to some extent allayed at the 
appearance of the Earl of Mar, and a choice 
body of knights, men-at-arms, etc., on the scene. 
The Provost of Aberdeen with five hundred 
Ijurgcsses also contributed to swell the army of 
defence, but notwithstanding all this, it did not 
amount to more than a tenth of the host opposed 




to them. The two armies met at the villaje of 



The result of the encounter was most disastrous 
for both sides; but Mar's army from the small- 
ness of its numbers suffered most. Donald, 
however, took alarm at the obstinacy with which 
he had been met and retreated during the night, 
leaving the Earl of Mar master of the situation. 
On the return of James I. from his captivit}', he 
found the country in a fearful state of anarchy ; 
and he is said to liave made the remark that if 
his life were spared he would render life and 
property throughout his dominions secure, a 
promise which to a very great degree he fulfilled. 



In 1427 he arrived at Inverness, attended by 
his Parliament, and summoned the principal 
chiefs before him. From whatever motive, his 
mandate was readily obeyed, and about forty 
placed themselves in his power. They were 
immediately seized and imprisoned, and were 
not allowed either to hold converse with one 
another or their friends. Some of those who 
had been most conspicuous in their attacks 
on their neighbours were e.xecvited ; others 
imprisoned for lengthened periods, and after- 
wards hanged. The Lord of the Isles, who had 
also been imprisoned, was treated with greater 
leniency, and received his liberty ; but this 
haughty chief returned the forbearance of the 



148 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY 



King l)y raising the standard of rexolt against 
him, and when marching southwards he was 
surprised in Lochaber, and routed. The unfor- 
tunate cliief afterwards surrendered to the King, 
by whom his life was spared. The records of 
the feuds of the Highland clans during the six- 
teenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries 
are profuse and interesting, and show the gradual 
approach to a higher degree of civilization. 

Scenery, of the Highlands. 

Ihe Highlands of Scotland is .separated from 
the Lowlands by the Gramjiians, a chain of 
mountains running across the country from the 
north of the river Don, in Aberdeenshire, to the 
cities of Glasgow, Stirling, Perth, and Dundee, 
excluding the greater part of Nairn, Elgin, and 
Banftshire, and the counties on the eastern coast 
south of the Moray Firth. The country is 
picturesque, and the scenery exceedingly varied 
in character. At one time the hills rise with 
Alpine abruptness, presenting bare rocky pre- 
cipices, dotted liere and there with trees, or 
covered only with brown heath. Again, they 
appear in gentle slope, richly wooded, hill over- 
lapping hill, nature and oultivati(m combining 
to give them an inexpressible charm. Water- 
falls and streams gush down mountain and hill- 
sides, dashing over rocks — sometimes a distance 
of a hundred or two hundred feet — until they 
reach the quiet romantic glen where they gild 
with silver the green and golden landscape ; 
while the riveni, fed in this way, either jiursue 
their course to the .sea, or empty themselves into 
lochs. The latter are numerous, and some of 
the finest views of Highland scenery are obtained 
in sailing along their shores. Nature has done, 
much to adorn tlie "land of the mountain and 
the Hood," and the progress of civilization has, 
without doubt, increased to a great extent its 
attractions. Among these are the imposing 
country seats which are now scattered over the 
land, and which form the favourite resort of 
Royalty and rank of every grade. The railway, 
too, has opened up facilities for the vi.sit of 
many to whom otherwise the Highlands would 
be necessarily closed. 

Hardihood of the Highlanders. 

The Highlanders have ever been imbued with 
feelings of deep romantic attachment to their 
native hills and glens. Cradled in wild rugged 
fastnesses, dwelling together in clans of families 
for mutual support and protection, and for many 
centuries exposed at all times to the vicissitudes 
of war, they cultivated every quality necessary 
to produce a hardy indomitable race ; and 
generally they were characterized by remarkable 
prowess, courage, fidelity, self-respect, and love 
of independence. The mass of poetry which 



from time to time has been collected in the 
Highlands, shows that chivalry and romance 
were joined to the sterner arts of war. In 
general the Highlanders were tall, robust, and 
well formed. To a great degree they were 
inditterent to cold, and when from home they 
slept in the open. It was a usual practice in 
the winter time when sleeping in the snow to 
dip their plaids in water in order to keep in 
heat more eft'ectually. It is said that in 1745 
the Highlanders could not be prevailed on to 
use tent.s, and a Highland chief is reported on 
one occasion to have given offence to his retainers 
by forming the snow into a pillow, the act being 
construed into a sign of degeneracy. Things 
have altered very much in this respect daring 
the present century, and we fear that if the 
Highlander of 1700 could visit the earth, he 
would be appalled at the inroads of civilization 
on his degenerate sons. 

{To he contimied.) 




|p-|dl.HE crocus is everywhere lifting 
W^l Its chalice upon the air, 
'^=^ For Spring has breathed o'er the garden. 
And all the borders are fair. 

How they tiing the sun a challenge, 

And oti'er him gold for gold. 
Those dauntless yellow tiowerlets, 

Shining and overbold 1 

Yet methinks the white are sweeter ; 

Like vestals they stand, a row, 
With hardly a hint of colour 

To stain their robes of snow. 

And fairest of all are the purple, 

Dyed deep with the hues of life. 
Its violet tones of mourning. 

Its glowing heart of strife. 

But why should a flower's perfection 

Any doleful message bear I 
Enough that Spring's in the garden. 

And all the borders are fair. 



ISth Mari-h, 1S!)7. 



R. J. FOKBES. 



Shinty Notes.— Mr. John Campbell, Secretary, 
Kingussie Shinty Club, was presented, by Provost 
Macpherson, with an illuminated address, in recog- 
nition of his services to the club. —The match 
between the Glasgow Cowal rersitx Dublin Hurling 
Club, is to take place at Celtic Park, on Saturday, 
5th June. It will be an international contest worth 
seeing. — The Beauly club have won the champion- 
ship and the association cup by defeating Brae- 
Lochaber.at Inverness, on 10th April, by 5 hails to nil. 



THE OELTIC MONTHLY. 



149 



LETTERS TO THE EDITOR. 



HIGHLAND CLAN PLACE-NAMES IN 
THE UNITED STATES. 

To the Editor, Celtic Monthhj. 

In my former note I spoke concerning the influence 
of tlie Highlanders as exerted in the United States 
of America. It is more interesting to know how 
he has entrenched himself in local names. In this 
he is taken somewhat at a disadvantage. When 
America was first being settled the Highlander was 
still clinging to the rocks of his native bens. Not- 
withstanding this we will see that his name has 
gained a permanent residence. 

The countries and towns erected since the 
American Revolution largely bear the names of the 
patriots of that conflict. No State can have more 
than county or post ofhce by the same name. 
Fre(juently we have a town or village by one name, 
but the post office another. Names have been 
multiplied by adding a suttix or prefix. 

As might be expected the name of Washington 
stands pre-eminent. That name is venerated more 
by the American than any other of the names of 
the sons and daughters of men. Hence the capital 
of the nation takes his name ; likewise one of the 
States of the Union having 60,860 square miles of 
territory, or over 8,000 more square miles than 
England. Besides there are 27 counties and 56 post 
offices named Washington. 

Ctf the counties we find the following number of 
Highland names in the various States: — Buchanan, 
2 ; Cameron, 1 ; Campbell, 5 ; Graham, 1 ; Grant, 9 ; 
Macintosh, 2 ; MacLean, 3 ; MacPherson, 3 ; 
Munroe, 16 ; Morgan, 10 ; Murray, 7 ; IStewart, 1 . 
Among the post offices we find 398 beginning 
with "Mac." We enumerate as follows ; — Buchanan, 
14. Cameron, 10 ; Campbell, 39 ; Chisholm, 2 ; 
Cummin, 13 ; Drummond, 4 ; Fanpihar, 1 ; 
Ferguson, 12 ; Forbes, 3 ; Fraser, 14 ; Gordon, 23 ; 
Graham, 25 ; Grant, 52 ; Gunn, 3 ; Lamont, 13 ; 
MacAUister, 3 ; MacAulay. 2 ; Macintosh, 4 ; 
MacBean, 2; MacDonald. 13; MacDougall, 1; 
MacDufl', 1 ; MacFarland, 1 ; MacGregor and 
Gregory, 14 ; Mackay, 3 ; MaoKenzie, 4 ; Mac- 
Lean, 10; MacLeod, 2; MacNaughton, 1; Mac- 
Neil, 7 ; MacPherson, 10 ; MacQueen, 1 ; MacRae, 
9 ; Matheson, 3 ; Monroe, 50 ; Morgan, 58 ; 
Murray, 19; Robertson, 4; Ross, 37; Shaw, 11; 
Stewart, 38; Sutherland, 9; Urquhart, 1. 

In the above list it will be noticed that the 
names of Morgan, Grant, and Monroe predominate. 
Morgan was a Revolutionary hero, and commanded 
the light troops that did such fearful execution on 
the army of Burgoyne. He was very popular, not 
only on account of his bravery but also for his 
integrity. James Monroe was fifth President of 
the Republic. General Grant came later on the 
stage, and in all probability but few of the ottices 
are named for him. I have no means of being 
informed of the names of the townships. Doubtless 
these would also show a fair percentage of Highland 
names. 

I have not given all the names which are strictly 
Highland. It might be of some interest to know 



that there are 11 post offices bearing the name of 
M'Kinley. 

Yours respectfvilly, 

J. P. Ma(XEAN. 
Greenville, Ohio, 
•2ml Mardi, 1S97. . ■ - - 



SIR ALLAN MACLEAN OF DUART. 
Sir — In your issue of March, designated " A visit 
to Inchkenneth," is the following: — " To the right 
of these two stones there is a stone lying flat, carved 
in the form of a Highlander in full war dress. The 
left hand grasps a shield, while the right hand 
holds a round ball. The head is surmounted with 
a helmet, and by his side are claymore and dirk. 
The figure is complete, with the exception of part 
of one of the feet, which has been broken off." 

It may be of interest to your readers to know 
that this stone was placed there in memory of Sir 
Allan MacLean, Bart., 22nd Chief of Clan MacLean 
and 6th Bart, of Morvern, who died at Inchkenneth, 
10th December, 1783. 

I am, etc. , John MacLean, 
Vice-President, Clan MacLean Association. 



HIGHLAND NOTES. 

A " HiuHLANii Rambling Club" has been 
started by members of the High School Gaelic 
Class. The Nmvs hints that they have designs on 
the Lowlands. 

The Annual Con(;ert of the St. Columba 
Choir was a brilliant success. The hall was packed, 
and the entertainment a truly delightful one. 

The 79th Cameron Highlanders are to have a 
second battalion at last. It is reported that the 
"Cameron men" are to be found in Manchester 
and London, and are expected to pass as the 
genuine article so long as 'Arry cocks his bonnet 
and keeps his mouth shut. What he will do when 
he faces the Boers is a problem too dreadful to 
contemplate. 

The Glasgow Highland Club have a fund of 
£200, but we are not aware that it is available for any 
useful purpose. A weekly social, with refreshments, 
tobacco and "Tobermory," are evidently considered 
a useful means of advancing the interests of the 
Highland race 1 

Why do Highlanders persist in drinking what 
are known as "Highland Honours?" This theatri- 
cal performance is still popular in Glasgow. We 
would ask the members of the Celtic, Highland, 
and Gaelic Societies of Glasgow to refer us to any 
work or authority which describes the placing of 
dirty brogues on a clean table-cover as an ancient 
Highland custom. The fact of the matter is, the 
practice is a purely modern innovation, invented in 
Edinburgh this century. The habit is altogether a 
nasty one, and we wonder at Highlanders adopting 
a purely Sassenach " sensation." 

The newspajiers still conspire to make us all 
"Englishmen ! " The Seaforth Highlanders became 
" English troops " as soon as they landed in Crete. 
It is all very annoying, but the various Highland 
Societies can do something for " dear auld Scotia's 
sake," by sigaing the National Petition. So far, the 
Clan Mackay alone have supported the movement. 



150 



THK CELTIC MONTHLY. 



TO . CORRESPONDENTS. Clan Campbell Society. — The Annual Social 

All Communications, on literary and btialneas Gathering was held in the Trades Hall, on Slat 

matters, should be addres3ed to the Editor, Mr. JOHN March, Colonel D. Campbell Hannay, 91st Argyll 

aiACKAT, 9 Blythswood Drive. Glasgow. ^^^ Sutherland Highlanders, in the chair, who was 

' ® ' supported by a number of well known clansmen. 

TERMS OP SUBSCRIPTION. — Tht CELTIC xhe chairman referred to the close connection which 

MONTH! Y will be sent, post free, to any part of the existed between the iUst Highlanders and the Clan 

United Kingdom, Canada, the United States, and all Campbell, no less than 17 gentlemen of the name 

countries in the Postal Vnion-for one year, ^. being at one time officers in the regiment. He was 

. always anxious to get men from Argyll to join his 

,-____^, .,-- ^^^ , ; regiment, as they proved good soldiers. Mr. Angvis 

The Celtic Monthly. Campbell, President, also delivered an interesting 

MAY 1897 address, and a very successful gathering was followed 

" ^^^^ by an assembly, which was well attended. 

c-OKTTEJTia-Ts "^^^ Clan Grant Society held their Annual 

" Dance in the Alexandra Hotel. There was a large 

James Grant, Olasoow (mth plates), . - - • • 141 attendance, among those present being Mr. James 

The RorAL Scots Orets, Part XH. (illustrated), ■ ■ 142 Qpant, President, Colonel A. B. Grant, John Grant, 

Roderick Macrae, Beaclt (with plate), ■ - ■ ■ 14d Secretary, Peter Grant, Treasurer, A. Fraser- 

OLD WIVES' Tales, from Macleod's Country, - • 46 ^^^^.^^ j^ ^ _ g^ j, Macleod, Dr. Dingwall, W. G. 

The H.ODLANDER.S OF SCOTLAND (illustrated), ■ - . - 147 Da,^jj3^,n^ John Mackay, i'eUic MoHthht, etc. The 

CROccsEs^(poem)^^^^-^ ■ - - - - ■ - ■ 148 p^ggj^gj^^.^ -j^ welcoming the guests, stated that the 

ettkr.-! TO THE DiTOR, • • . - membership was 101, including 14 life members; 

Highland Notes. 149 . .i , ,ir r j . j o-o • I 

Readers ... - 150 *''" *^'' ^ funds amount to ioo, an increase ot 

mVor SEiTs OF C'L.ANCHArrAN" (illustrated), ; - ". .151 £10 on the year. A branch has been started in 

A Tale of the EvE.si.sa Star, 154 Manchester, and the J!,dinburgh branch has been 

Tub HiouLANu Bagpii'eb (poem), -.---- 156 merged in the parent Society. The young Chief, 

Duncan Macrae, Queensland, (with plate), - - - 156 the Earl of Seafield, is coming of age this summer, 

Neil Campbell Colquhoun (with portrait), - - - - 157 and the Society proposed arranging a pic-nic to 

KiNTYRE Smuoolinq Stories, 158 StrathspBy to celebrate the auspicious event. The 

Domiikull-na-Brataich (poeui), 160 evening was then devoted to dancing and music. 

The Patriots Welcome Home (poem), ... - - 160 The proceedings proved very enjoyable. 

rtiiB MEv-r ee Clan Macmillan SOCIETY — The Annual General 

OUR NEXT ISSUE. Meeting of this Society was held on Cth April in the 

Next month we will give plate portraits, with Christian Institute. After tea, the President, Mr. 

biographical sketches, of Messrs. William Grant Donald Macmillan, took the chair, and the Council's 

MacGregor, London ; J. M. MacGillivray, Mac- and Treasurer's reports were submitted, and passed 

arthur, U.S.A.; and Alexander Mackay, Aberdeen. unanimously. The report of the Treasurer showed 

We regret to record the death of Mr. Duncan ^^^ finances to be in a sound condition, there being 

Forbes of Culloden, one of our earliest subscribers. ^ balance of over £75 at the credit of the Society. 

In Culloden House is preserved one of the most Office-bearers were appointed for the ensuing 

valuable collections of Jacobite relics in the kingdom. session. 

Mr. a. M. Ferguson, Secretary, Uist and '^^^ *^^*'* MacLean have just completed a very 

Barra Association, has added 15 new members to successful session, the funds now amounting to £1 10. 

the roll, and secured the prize offered. The Gaelic Society of Glasgow propose next 

The Macdonald Society have made splendid session to devote an evening to a discussion of what 

progress this session, the membership beinr' doubled recent novelists term "Highland gloom." That 

and the funds exceeding £100. They do^not seem most gifted novelist, Fiona Macleod, if present, 

to have discovered "Pickle the Spy" yet, and will find that Highlanders are not inclined to accept 

Andrew Lang's assertion that he was "Glen"arry of ^^^ somewhat dismal estimate of their character as 

the '45" is indignantly repudiate^. They ou<'ht altogether correct. 

really to engage a specialist to investigate the Dr. Donald MacGeegor writes to the DaiUj 

papers, etc., for we have no doubt whatever that Owviiide as follows;— "I am sorely tempted, in 

Glengarry was not the informer, but another the event of war between Greece and Turkey, to 

Hanoverian Spy bearing the name of one of the offer through you my services as physician and 

Olan Uonald septs. surgeon to the wounded on the side of Greece, if 

The Clan Chattan had a very successful Concert this should be feasible and acceptable." 
in the Assembly Rooms— Mr. Donald Macpherson, The name of Mr. C. Eraser-Mackintosh on 
Falkirk, in the chair. Provost Macpherson, Kin- being called to receive thehon. degree of LL.D. at 
gussie, addressed the meeting, and spoke very Aberdeen University, was enthusiastically applauded 
strongly on the reflections made by Mr. Andrew by the students. Highlanders can never be suflicient- 
Lang on the Jacobite chiefs. These attacks, he ly grateful for the many years which he devoted to 
considered, were undeserved, for these men had their service. The privileges which our country- 
faced the scaHold, and staked and lost their estates men now enjoy in the Highlands are really the 
and fortunes in defence of a cause which they fruit of his individual efforts. That his pen has 
considered just. Other addresses were delivered, lost none of its activity is evident from our own 
and the proceedings proved very successful. pages each month. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



151 




^CLAN 



No. II. — The Macbeans. 



Part Third. — The Macbeans of Faillie. 

^M^ N influential branch of the Macbeans 
(^jj^M settled at Faillie, in the jiarish of Daviot, 
^^M, filling a respectable position for nearly 
200 years. 

They probably occupied Faillie a considerable 
time before they received a heritable right thereto. 
The first Macbean of Faillie found on record was 
J. — Donald Mac-Gillie-Phadrick, no doubt a 
cadet of Kinchyle, who, with his wife, Marjorie 
Macplierson, received an heritable tack of Faillie 
from James, Earl of Moray, upon 10th FeV)ruary, 
1 632. Donald is therein described as "in Faillie." 

The Stuarts, Earls of Moray, for some time 
after their acquiring the barony of Strathnairn, 
and the lordships of Petty and Strathdearn, had 
been anxious to consolidate their ])ower, and gave 
lieritable rights to many of the occupants, par- 
ticularly those of Clan Chattan. 

The frightful jealousies betwixt the Stuarts 
and the Gordons kept the Mackintoshes in 
constant trouble, whereby their vassals never 
liad any peace. Although extreme measures 
were taken on more than one occasion, by the 
Earls of Moray against Clan Chattan, the innate 
vitality and pertinacity of the clan proved 
successful and victorious. 



The following is the description of the lands 
of Faillie, extending to a half davoch of land. 
" All and haill the town and lands of Faillye, 
with houses, biggings, yeards, orchards, tofts, 
crofts, parts, pendicles, and pertinents thereof, 
used and wont, extending to two ploughs of 
land, lying within Strathnairn and Sheriflyom of 
Inverness, as the said lands lye in length and 
breadth ; in houses infield, outfield, muirs, 
mosses, multures, commonty, pasturage, sheall- 
ings, grazings, fishings, freeish and entry, with 
all and sundry other commoditys and righteous 
pertinents of the same, used and wont, with the 
ground right and property of the said lands 
and others foresaid, and all rights of reversion 
of the same, and other right title and interest 
whatsoever thereanent, together with all and 
sundry contracts, dispositions, charcers, infeft- 
ments, procuratorys and instruments of resigna- 
tion, services, retours, precepts and rnstrunients 
of sasin, tacks and rights of teinds, and all other 
rights, writs, evidents, titles, and securitys 
whatsoever of, and concerning the said lands and 
others foresaid, with all reversions of the same 
as well legal as conventionell." 

In 1647 mention is made of Donald Macbean, 
younger of Faillie, and John Macbean, his 
brother-germ an. 

Donald Mac-Gillie-Phadrick was succeeded by 
his eldest son. 



152 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



II — Donald, which became the leading christian 
name of the family. 

The Macbeans were close allies of their chief, 
and are to be found at all the clan and family 
gatherings, and on 8th October, 1661, Donald 
Macbean of Faillie is one of the jury at the 
serving of Laohlan Mackintosh of Torcastle, as 
heir to his father, William. The inquest was 
held at Inverness, before Alexander, Earl of 
Moray, Sheriff Principal, personally presiding. 

Donald Macbean, the II., was succeeded by 
his son, 

III. — Donald. Donald's wife was Anna, eldest 
daughter of William Macbean of Kincliyle. 
Mrs. Anna Macbean is infeft in a jointure furth 



of Achlaschoile and Mid-town of Faillie : Mr. 
John Macbean, schoolmaster at Daviot, acting 
as her attorney. 

Donald procures a charter of confirmation 
from Charles, Earl of Moray, as heir to his 
grandfather, Donald I., on 1.5th July, 1707. 

Donald Macbean having died without male 
issue, was succeeded by his brother, 
IV. — William, who is found in the years 1741 
to 1758, and in 1749, on 15th January, receives a 
confirmation of his tack from the Earl of Moray. 

This William Macbean's father, Donald III., 
unfortunately became security for people of his 
own name, particularly John Macbean, writer 
in Inverness, whereby his successors were im- 




FAILLIE HOU.SK, DAVIOT, INVEBNESS-SHIRE. 



poverished, and the estate, long in the hands of 
creditors, brought to a compulsory sale. The 
nature of the fatal involvement was this : 

John, Earl of Cromarty, was very impecunious, 
and his estates sequestrated, and placed locally by 
the court under charge of John Macbean, writer 
in Inverness, formerly named in these pa[iers. 
Mr. Maibean, according to rule, had to find 
caution for his intromissions, and in 1724, 
Lachlan Mackintosh of Mackintosh, George 
Cuthbert of Castlehill, and Donald Macbean of 
Faillie, became cautioners. 

This Factory was not a success — Mr. Macbean's 
representative and cautioners being called to 



account for enormous sums. It was alleged 
for the deceased and his cautioners that his 
messengers and officers of the law, employed 
by him, were deforced and otherwise hindered 
by " Bangstrie," and oppression from uplifting 
the rents of the Cromartie estate, and that they 
were only responsible for Mr. Macbean's actual 
intromissions. The arbiters so far gave eflect to 
the defences, and in 1744 limited the decree to 
a sum of £3,211 4s 6d Scots, — a considerable 
sum in these days — to whicli had to I)e added 
great costs. 

Castlehill estate fell under control of the 
court as insolvent, and Mr. Macbean's own 



THE OELTIO MONTHLY. 



estate was insignificant after payment of debts. 

The whole debt, with interests and costs, fell 
upon Mackintosh and Faillie, and though Mac- 
intosh had to pay in full in the first instance, 
time was given to Faillie by his chief 

The burden, however, was too heavy, and the 
estate was of little use to the Macbeans after 
1744. 

In 1756 William Macbean consents to Mac- 
kintosh's reclaiming the Laggan lands, signing 
the deed of consent as brother - german, and 
representative of the (-leoeased Donald Macbean 
of Faillie. The deed is also signed by Alexander 
Macphail of Inverernie, eldest son and heir, 
served and retoured to the deceased, Robert 



Macphail of Inverernie ; by Robert Mackintosh, 
Tacksman of Termite, eldest son in lifeof the 
deceased Lachlan Mackintosh of Strone ; by 
William Mackintosh of Aberarder, heir and 
I'epresentative of the deceased William Mackin- 
tosh of Aberarder, his grandfather ; by William 
Mackintosh of Holm, eldest son and heir of the 
deceased John Mackintcsh of Holm ; and by John 
Mackintosh of Oulclachie, eldest son and heir of 
the deceased Angus Mackintosh of Oulclachie. 
All these heads of Clan Chattan signed at Cask, 
in Strathnairn upon the 27th October, 1756, in 
presence of Donald Macbean, son to Donald 
Macbean, vintner in Inverness ; and Alexander 
Fraser, farmer in the Mains of Tordarroch, 




KAU.I.IE llRIDGi:, D.WIOT, INVERNESS-SHIUK, 



This document is peculiarly interesting in 
respect that it is dated several years after the 
abolition of the Heritable Jurisdiction Act, and 
clan associations. 

William Macbean was succeeded by his son 
V. — Donald, who in 1768 is retoured heir to his 
father. 

He appears to have served in France, holding 
■the rank of Captain, and to have been so long 
absent from Scotland, that when he attempted 
to remove one or two people in the year 1770, 
prior to the sale of the estate, which had then 
become inevitable, defences were given in 
alleging that he was an alien, and a professed 



Papist, incapable of holding landed property. 
Captain IMacbean was very indignant, and his 
holograph observations ujjon the defences show 
that his long absence abroad did not by any 
means do away with great natural shrewdness, 
and appreciation of bu.siness matters. 

It is to be feared that Captain Macbean's 
long services abroad did not benefit him much 
pecuniarly. In 1768 he appears to liave 
interested himself in his estates for the first 
time, and intrusted his aft'airs to the care of Mr. 
James Fraser of Gortuleg. 

By 1770 the att'airs had come to a crisis when 
a sale was made to MacGillivray of Dunmagla.ss. 



154 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



Whether Captain Macbean was married or left 
male issue I am not aware — the last occupant of 
the name of Macbean, being Mrs. Ketty Macbean. 
I have many of her letters running on from 
1750 to 1780, and I presume she was Captain 
Macbean's step-mother, for she never refers to 
him. She removed from Faillie at the sale, and 
her letters are afterwards dated from Dundee. 
From these I should infer that she was an 
excellent specimen of the kindly and true hearted 
Highland lady of the past. The house of Kail lie, 
with a few ancient trees, stands imposingly on 
a high bank of the river Nairn, the sketch taken 
expressely for this paper giving a very good idea 
of the place. The bridge which is also given is 
well done, and was the first erected by General 
Wade on his new road from Inverness to the 
south. Across this bridge Prince Charles rode 
after the battle on his flight from CuUoden 
towards the west, and a very tine picture showing 
his passage over the Faillie bridge was exhibited 
in London some years ago, drawing much atten- 
tion from every Highlander who saw it. During 
the many years Faillie was occupied by the 
present Sheritt" Fraser of Portree as agricultural 
tenant, the place was known all over the north 
for its breed of Highland cattle. 
(To be continued). 



A TALE OF THE EVENING STAR. 



^fcA LL day long, through the pearly summer 
'^^M haze, we had been slowly making our 
&^ way northwards before the favouring 
south winds. The passage through the racing 
tides of Kyle Rhea had been accomplished 
while the morning sun was still low on the 
horizon. And as the day wore on we passed 
successively the flat island of Pabbay, and 
Scalpa, and the green bays of Raasay, imtil the 
evening found us lying in a calm, shining, 
■windless sea far up the sound, between EUean 
Eona and the gloomy clifls of the Skye shores. 

Rona, with its long line of barren rocks, was 
steeped in the light of the afterglow. Through 
the dusk of twilight we could just make out 
the entrance to a little bay, almost landlocked, 
with two treacherous looking rocks guarding its 
approach. Gradually our eyes become accus- 
tomed to the light, and some one noticed among 
the shadows a star of fire beginning to shine 
steadily between the two rocks. 

"Hamish! what is that light on Rona ? Is 
there any house in that desolate spot ? " 

"Oh yes," answered the old Highlander who 
stood with a slack tiller-rope in his hand, "that 
is Camusbeg in behind the rocks. And the 
light is the light in old Widow Mackenzie's 
house. It is a ferry sad story, mirover, the 



story of that light. The fisher lads about here 
call it the Evening Star. And it is Ailasa 
Macleod herself that, I have heard, \\i\\ be 
going up every night to help Mistress Mac 
kenzie with the trimming of the big lamp that 
the Government man from London will give 
her, with the good oil and the round wick, every 
year since the " Waterwitch " was wrecked." 

And as we sat on the deck of the motionless 
yacht, with the sails hanging ghostlike in the 
night and the ruddy glow from the cabins 
lighting up the great boom, Hamish told us 
the Tale of the Evening Star. 

The men of Camusbeg were all fishers. 
The women stayed at home to spin the wool 
and milk the cows. Many a night in the 
springtime would the men set out in their boats 
for some distant fishing ground and leave the 
clachan with no man in it, unless it might be 
old Callum who was bedridden and had the 
second sight. But it was the coming back to 
Camusbeg that both men and women feared, 
for if the night was dark with a gathering 
storm, or if they had to beat in o the bay 
against an easterly wind, the Skerries were like 
two devils' death traps with the waves breaking 
over them. In the old days, more than one of 
the Camusbeg boats had been wrecked there, 
and the brave fellows drowned within sight of 
the women as they stood on the rocks across 
the bay crying for the men who would return 
no more. 

It was after one of these wild nights that 
Callum with the second sight told the wife of 
Duncan Mackenzie that if she set a light in her 
window it would shine between the devils' 
Skerries, so that a boat coming in to Camusbeg 
in the dark would run safely between the rocks, 
provided her head were kept always on the 
light. So the light in the JMackenzies' house 
became a star of hope for the men and women 
of Camusbeg. The fisher lads always steered 
by it, and sang softly to themselves as they 
sailed their boats home on the summer nights. 
There were no more wrecks at Camusbeg. 
The lamp was always lit at the going down of 
the Sim. So they called it the Evening Star. 

* -■;: * * 

There came a day when young Ewan Mac- 
kenzie succeeded his father as owner of the 
' Waterwitch.' The fishing that year was good 
away down to the south of Raasay, and the 
Camusbeg boats would sometimes be away for 
a number of nights without returning. 

One morning in August Ewan Mackenzie sat 
in the ' Waterwitch ' mending his net in the 
sunshine. He was to see Ailasa in the evening 
before starting. She had gone up to the 



THP: CELTIC MONTHLY. 



I.') 5 



sheilinfj on the hill, but would be back before 
the ' Waterwitch ' set sail. So he sat conten- 
tedly overhauling the brown net and examining 
the floats. The boat rose and fell gently on 
the swell. Donald Grant was playing the 
" Barren Kocks of Aden " on his pipes out at 
the point. The terns were lazily sunning 
themselves on the Skerries, and a great solan 
goose came flying over the blue sea from the 
far shores of Skye. There was nothing at all 
in Camusbeg that day to disturb the peace of 
Ewan's heart as he sat in the stern of the 
' Waterwitch ' and sang the song of the 
biorlinn. 

In the evening the boats began to go out 
one by one — slowly slipping away from their 
moorings with the brown sails spread to catch 
the light westerly wind. As the ' Waterwitch ' 
passed the point the fisherman at the helm 
lifted his j^eaked cap and waved it to a young 
girl who was standing on the rocks, and shading 
her eyes with her hand, as the long level rays of 
the setting sun fell on her graceful form. She 
returned the salute, and then sat down to watch 
the boat being carefully steered between the 
Skerries. At last it put about and was soon 
out of sight. Then she rose and crossed the 
rocks in the direction of Camusbeg, wondering 
all the while if Ewau would bring back good 
luck with him when he I'eturned from the 
fishing on the third night. As she passed the 
cottage at the head of the stone pier she saw 
the Evening Star beginning to send its kindly 
light across the waters of the quiet bay. And 
the heart of Ailasa was full of rest. 

* ;;: * -^ 

The third night came, and with it a gale of 
easterly wind, such as had not been known for 
years in Eilean Eona. It is remembered yet 
as the night of the great wind. The day had 
been sultry and oppressive with a red mist 
hanging above the sea, and a silence like the 
silence of death had settled down upon the 
islands. It was at four o'clock in the day that 
a low muttering sound was heard coming over 
the glassy sea from the mountains of Torridon 
and Applecross. The Coolins took up the 
challenge and answered with a dull rumble. 
An hour latei- the darkness came down like the 
darkness of the winter night, and the first 
drops of rain began to fall with a hissing sound 
into the livid sea. Then the storm burst in all 
its fury over the islands as it came roaring 
across the water from Torridon, and all around 
the shores of Eilean Kona, where in the morning 
the sunlight had been lying warm on the rocks, 
the tempest was lashing the seas into a fury of 
spindrift and foam. 

In the blinding rain Ailasa made her way up 
to the cottage of Widow Mackenzie to sit with 



her for an hour. When she entered she noticed 
with a start that there was no lamp in the 
window. 

" It is a black night this Ailasa Macleod, and 
it was good of you to think of coming to sit 
with a lonely woman when the thunder will be 
over the island." 

" It is a black night indeed," answered the 
girl. •' But have you forgotten to light the 
lamp Misti'ess Mackenzie ? Ewan was saying 
that he would be back on the third night, and 
this will be the third night. Will he come 
back to Camusbeg when the storm is over the 
island ? " 

" There is no man will be coming back to 
Camusbeg in the face of such a gale. The lads 
will run into Portree before the wind, and it is 
in Portree that Ewan is tonight It is a 
wasting of the oil to hght the two lamps. But 
you are all trembling Ailasa? Is it the light- 
ning that you are afraid of? " For just then a 
crash of thunder broke over Eilean Rona, and 
the flash of lightning that followed lit up 
every corner of the little room. 

"Oh no" replied the girl. "But it was 
Ewan himself that promised to come back on 
the third night, and it would be better if the 
light was up when he comes in between the 
Skerries." 

"It is a foolish woman you are Ailasa 
Macleod, for no man would venture out into 
the sound. And it is I that will not put up a 
light when there is no need to waste the good 
oil." 

So the storm raged all the night with a fury 
that was like the fury of the black spirit let 
loose upon the waters, but out of the darkness 
that lay upon Eilean Rona there came no 
guiding rays from the Evening Star. 

It was late when Ailasa set out for home, 
and the wind and rain beat cruelly upon her as 
she crept along the shore in the dark. She 
stopped now and again to recover her breath, 
so strong was the wind against her, and all the 
time that she stood she was thinking of Ewan. 
She could hear the roar of the breakers on the 
devils' Skerries, and as she listened she imagined 
that she heard the cry of a night bird above the 
din of the tempest. Then she suddenly held 
her breath ! What was that '. Again she 
listened. And there seemed to come out of the 
wild night a long piteous cry — "Ailasa, Ailasa.'" 
But when she listened a third time there was 
nothing to be heard but the shrieking of the 
wind and the deafening roar of the sea. It 
was no voice. It was all her imagination. 
Ewan was safe in Portree with the other boats. 
So she continued to grope her way home 
through the darkness of the terrible night, but 
her heart was full of a great fear. 



156 



THE OELTIO MONTHLY 



* * * * 

When morning broke the gale had spent 
itself. The wind was full of the smell of fresh 
seaweed. The skies were breaking into great 
banks of white clouds, and the sun was shining 
cheerily on the dancing blue waters, above 
which the sea birds were whirling in delight. 

But what was that at the point ? A group 
of black figures — all women — gathered round 
something that lay on the beach, and a sound 
of lamentation was borne across the sunlit bay, 
for when young Ailasa Macleod was wandering 
along the beach at the break of day, she was 
heard to utter a wild cry when she came upon 
a bit of wreckage on which was written in 
white letters the name ' Waterwitch!' Further 
out by the point another of the women had 
been attracted by something white among the 
seaweed. On drawing nearer she turned 
deadly pale. It was the shape of a human 
hand floating above the water, and when the 
next wave rolled in it turned up the scared 
face of Ewan Mackenzie ! He had kept his 
tryst, but the light of the Evening Star had 
failed ! 

ToKQun, Macleod. 



DUNCAN MACRAE, QUEENSLAND. 



THE HIGHLAND BAGPIPES. 



^J\ij WAY with your fiddles and tlutes, 
W% J As music for wedding or ball ; 
^M- Pianofortes, clarionets, lutes, 

The bagpipe surpasses them all. 

For polkas, the waltz, the quadrille, 

There's naught with the pipes can coi)i]iare, 

An anchorite torpid 'twould thrill, 
Such glorious sounds in the air. 

So tuneful, harmonious, and sweet, — 

The very perfection of art ; 
Lend wings to the tardiest feet, 

And joy to the sorrowing heart. 

Upheaved the fair dancers with feet 
Like birds, poising light on the wing. 

As nimbly they trip in the reel. 
And roll off the steps of the Hing. 

No requiems grand I assail, 

Like Handel's Dead March, played in "Saul' 
But yet I maintain that the Gael 

In coronachs, vanquishes all. 

In music, in warfare, in song, — 

With bagpipes, and banners unfurled ; 

Like a torrid simoom borne along. 
The Highlanders lighten the world. 

York. Patrick MAcrnERSoN. 



^■fiR. DUNCAN MACRAE, of Strath- 
^mMp garve, S. Queensland, is a son of the 
^J^ late Duncan MacRae, who occupied 
the sheej) farms of Kemasary and Toultrie, near 
Poolewe, Ross-shire, where he acquired a good 
practical knowledge of sheep farming which has 
proved of great value to him in his subsequent 
career. His mother was also a MacRae, a 
native of Lochbroom. In 1853, when only 
seventeen years of age, Mr. MacRae left his 
home for Australia, where he has since engaged 
extensively in pastoral pursuits, and is now one 
of the oldest living pioneers and leading Over- 
landers in the colonies. Some of Mr. MacRae's 
business undertakings have been on a gigantic 
scale. For instance, in 1861 he succeeded in 
bringing ovei'laod from N. Australia to S. W. 
Queensland '25,000 breeding ewes, an operation 
which occupied 12 months, and established his 
reputation as a skilful manager and a practical 
bush man. 

Two years later, the Government of New 
South Wales passed a stringent act prohibiting 
sheep from Victoria passing into that colony 
owing to disease being prevalent in Victoria. 
Mr. MacRae, with his usual enterprise, purchased 
18,000 ewes in Victoria, took them overland 
through S. Australia, and entered New South 
Wales, where he sold the sheep at the high 
])rice then ruling. This hazardous undertaking 
occupied 18 months. Subsequently lie made 
several trips, the last being in 188(i, when he. 
took 17,000 store wedders from Queensland to 
Victoria, a distance of 1,000 miles. 

Desirous of retiring from the Overlander's 
life he accepted the managership of extensive 
stations in New South Wales, the stock consisting 
of 170,000 sheep, 10,000 cattle, and 700 horses. 
Three years later he resigned, and married a 
daughter of Mr. Louden Hastings MacLeod, of 
Hylang Station, S. A. He purchased several 
good station properties, and carried on squatting 
extensively. A few years ago he held on lease 
in Australia and New South Wales 27,00,000 
acres of land. 

Mr. MacRae is a magistrate in Queensland 
and New South Wales. Stratligarve is chiefly a 
freehold, and is capable of wintering all the 
year round 10,000 sheep, and 700 cattle: it is 
situated in a beautiful valley in the Darling 
Downs district, which is allowed to be the 
Garden of Queensland. 

He has a family of two daughters, and one 
sou called Louden Hastings Duncan. 

Although absent from his native Highlands 
for so many years, Mr. MacRae has never lost 
touch with, or interest in, the afliairs of the old 
country. 



J^f^- 




p 






DUNCAN MACRAE, J.P 



•THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



\5l 



NEIL CAMPBELL COLQUHOUN, 
GLASGOW. 




/pl^|llE subject of this 
y^ sketch is the son of 
•^^ the late Archibald 
Colijuhoiin, a native of Tyree, 
Argyllshire. His forefathers 
came from Liis.s and settled 
in Lome in 1789. That 
revered pastoi- studied for the 
ministry, and was at his 
death, in 1890, in charge of 

the Fi'ee Churcl) 

Mission Station at 

Strathaird, Isle of 

Sky 6. In his 

earlier days Mr. 

Colquhoun was 

(iaelic Teacher 

and Catechist at 

Waternish and 

Eastside in the 

same island, and 

also at Petty, 

Inverness. He 

was considered 

the finest singer of 

psalmody in Gaelic 

and English both 

in Skye and in the 

Island of Tyree. 
The mother of 

Mr. Neil Campbell 

Colquhoun is Mary 

Anne Maclean, the 

only daughter of 

the late John 

Maclean, Coalis, 

Tyree, a gentle- 
man well known 

in the West High- 
lands, and Celtic 

circles especially. 

He was a direct 

descendant of the 

Macleans of Duart. 

Mr. N. C. Colqu- 
houn was educated 

chiefly at home. 

He is the eldest 

son of the family, 

and came to Glas- 
gow fourteen years ago. entering the employment 

of a firm of wholesale jewellers. Two years 

afterwards Mr. Colquhoun was appointed one of 

the commercial travellers, which occupation he 

has since followed. He is an office-bearer iu 

Cowcaddens Free Church (Rev. W. Ross) ; is 

also President of the Northern District Gospel 




Temperance Union. In Highland matters Mr. 
Colquhoun takes a keen interest ; he is a member 
of the Gaelic Society of Glasgow, and a Director 
of Ceilidh nan Gaidhml (Glasgow Gaelic Club). 
Mr. Colquhoun was one of the first Directors 
and promoters' of the Clan Colquhoun Society, 
and by the unanimous vote of the Council was 
elected its Honorary Secretary and Treasurer. 
Mr. Cohpihoun can speak, read, and write the 
language of the Gael with |:)eifect ease, and he 
s])ares no trouble in trying to promote the good 
of the Clan Society in every way. He is at 
present engaged in the preparation of a little 
volume relating to 
the Clan and the 
Society, which is 
to be published 
immediately. 

He was also 
instrumental in 
arranging the clan 
excursions during 
the last two 
summers to the 
romantic country 
of his clan at Loch 
Lomond- side, and 
the presence of 
the members at 
the Luss Highland 
Games has become 
an annual feature 
of these popular 
sports. Nothing 
could be more 
appropriate than 
that the much 
respected chief of 
the clan, Sir James 
Colquhoun, Bart., 
and his family, 
supported by his 
clansmen and 
c 1 a n s w o m e n, 
should meet once 
a year in the 
beautiful Dutliaich 
nan Compaich, 
reviving old 
memories and 
fostering the 
sentiment of 
kinship, which it 
is said, with the Gael, extends to the thirtieth 
degree. 

From this short sketch it will be seen how 

highly Mr. Colquhoun is esteemed, and that 

from having been in the first instance faithful in 

little, he is now faithful in a much greater degree. 

Eciiuburgb, t". Mary Colquhocn. 



758 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



KINTYRE SMUGGLING STORIES.* 



By the late Cuthbekt Bede. 



|fe|A NATIVE of Cantire, whose remiiiisoences 
^Qaj of smuggling dated back to the close 
.^S£ of the past century, told me, in the 
following words 

HOW THE CDSTOM-HOUSE OFFICER TRICKED THE 
EXCISE OFFICER. 

Archibald Macnab was a Custom house officer 
in Cantire, in the latter part of the past century. 
He had a Government commission to seize 
smuggled goods, which were by no means 
scanty in those days; and it was even whispered 
that Archibald Macnab himself had discovered 
the art of doing a stroke of business iu that way 
on his own accoimt ; or at any rate, of appro- 
priating a portion of the seizure to his own 
private use. However, he was gifted with wit 
and surpassing ingenuity, which made his 
success the more sure and certain. In his 
personal appearance he was peculiar ; for, he 
was considerably under the ordinary stature of 
man, and was exceedingly broad and round. 
He wore luiee-breeches, with white stockings to 
his legs which were stout and shapely, and an 
ornament on any street path. He was also 
possessed of great strength, and has been known 
to half kill a man with the grasp of bis fingers 
about his neck. It was of no use to go to law 
with Archibald, for he was his own lawyer, and 
he was so cunning that he could always gain 
the plea. 

At this time Mr. Cameron was an excise 
officer in the town, and was very keen to 
apprehend smuggled goods. It was whispered 
to him, one day, that Ai'chibald Macnab had 
some rolls of smuggled tobacco in his house ; 
so Mr. Cameron went there to search for it. 
Archibald was a master of politeness, and he 
addressed his visitor in mild and friendly 
language. "How are ye, this day, Mr. Cameron? 
Is your wife pretty well, Mr. Cameron ? Are 
your bairns pretty well, Mr. Cameron i And 
is it well with all j-our kith and kiu, Mr. 
Cameron ? And it's kind of ye to be calling 
upon me, Mr. Cameron. Maybe, you've some 
particular business with me this day, Mr. 
Cameron 1 If so, I shall be glad to hear it of 
ye, Mr. Cameron: so, perhaps, you'll be pleased 
to take a seat, Mr. Cameron." He was always 
polite, was Archibald Macnab. 

Mr. Cameron took a seat, and said, " It is 
on business that I have come to you to day, Mr. 
Macnab: and rather important business, too. 
The fact is, that I have received information 



that you have a large quantity of smuggled 
tobacco concealed in your loft ; and I must 
search it, in order to prevent a fraud on the 
Government. " 

Archibald Macnab lifted up his hands and 
eyes in amazement. " Oh, Mr. Cameron 1 is it 
against me that you have suspicions I Me ! 
Archibald Macnab ! a man bound in duty to 
protect the revenues of my country ! Ob, 
preserve me ! Surely, Mr Cameron, you have 
been sent on a fool's errand. How could 
tobacco be in my loft, and me not know it ? 
Preserve me ! " 

" However unpleasant my duty must be, Mr 
Macnab, both to you and to myself," said Mr 
Cameron, " still, it is my duty ; and I must 
obey it. I must, therefore, persist in my 
determination to search your loft ; and I hope 
that you will not throw any unnecessary 
obstacles in my way. I must request you to 
furnish me with a ladder and a light. " 

" You shall have as many as you wish for, 
Mr. Cameron. But no tobacco will you find. 
It's a fool's errand that j'ou'i-e come upon," said 
Archibald Macnab. 

But Mr. Cameron mounted the ladder, and 
had no sooner set foot iu the loft, than he kicked 
against a roll of tobacco ; and. holding out the 
light, he saw a pile of tbese rolls. 

"Ho, ho ! Mr. Macnab ! " he joyfully cried : 
" where is my fool's errand now ? My informa- 
tion was correct : the tobacco is here ! " 

" Preserve me ! " said Archibald. " It's a 
trick that some one has played upon me, Mr. 
Cameron. Are you sure it's tobacco, Mr. 
Cameron ? Is there much of it, Mr. Cameron ? 
Oh, is it not a sinful world, Mr Cameron ;■ In 
my loft, too, Mr. Cameron? and me bound to 
protect the revenues of my country. Oh, what 
shall I do, Mr. Cameron ! " 

" For the present, you can take charge of 
these rolls as I throw them down ; " said Mr. 
Cameron. And he began to pitch them down 
from the loft, counting one, two, thi-ee, as he 
did so. He counted up to thirty, and then said 
that was all ; and, getting on the ladder, came f 
down from the loft. When he had landed 
safely on the floor, there was Archibald Macnab 
standing there, and at his feet was a small , 
half-rotten roll of tobacco. | 

" Why, where is my tobacco ? " cried Mr. f 
Cameron. 

" Your tobacco, M r. Cameron '? " replied 
Archibald, quite poUtely ; " your tobacco is 

* Note. — The above story is reproduced from the 
MS. of an original work on Kintyre, entitled, An/i/ll's 
Hiijhlands. or the Land of Lnrne" by the late Cutlilnit 
Bede, author of Glenavr/gan, or a IliijUantl JJuiiu ,« 
Ganli/ri," etc., which ha.s never been published, and 
from whicli we intend quoting frequently in our pages. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



here." Ami he gave him the half-rotten roll ; 
but took good care to say nothing of the others 
which he had contrived to put away into a 
secret place while Mr. Cameron was busied in 
the loft. 

" (;>h, this won't do at all !" cried Mr. Cameron, 
in a rage : "I counted and threw down thirty 
rolls." 

'■ Thirty rolls," echoed Archibald: " preserve 
me '. but you amaze me, Mr Cameron. What 
should bring thirty rolls of tobacco in my loft ? 
M e ! who am bound to protect the revenues of 
my country ! You must have been drinking, Mr. 
Cameron, and wetting your eyes, Mr. Cameron. 
Preserve me I but you see more than double, 
Mr. Cameron, it's lucky that you did not set my 
loft on iire with that candle. Thirty rolls ! 
why you must be very drunk indeed, Mr. 
Cameron : and not at all the proper company 
that a decent man like I am ought to keep." 

Mr. Cameron was so beside himself with rage 
and amazement, and with Archibald's coolness, 
that he was blurting out his words very much 
as if he indeed were tipsy. 

" I thought you had come on a fool's errand, 
Mr Cameron," Archibald went on to say, "but 
I never thought you were overtaken in liquor, 
Mr. Cameron. And to fancy that this little 
packet was thirty rolls of tobacco ! I would'ut 
have believed it of you, Mr. Cameron. And to 
try to take away my honest name, and make me 
out to be no better than a smuggler ! Me ! 
who am bound to protect the revenues of my 
country. Preserve me ! But 1 could take the 
law at you, ]Mr. Cameron." 

" It's I that will take the law of you, Mr. 
Macuab, as you will soon find to your cost; " 
said Mr. Cameron, as he bounced out of the 
house. 

Very soon, Archibald received a summons to 
appear before the Sheriff, and he obeyed the 
summons. Mr. Cameron made out a strong 
case against him ; but, as he had no witnesses, 
Archibald got the liberty to plead for himself. 
"Let me hear, Mr. Macnab," said the Sherili'. 
" what explanation you can give to this re- 
markable charge that has been brought against 
you." 

Archibald put on his most smiling face and 
jocular manner. '■ It was the gowk-hunting 
day (the first of April) and my good friend, Mr. 
Cameron here, was to be made a fool of. And 
this was our plan. He was to be told that I 
bad some smuggled tobacco in my loft, and 
then he was to come to me on a fool's errand, 
in search of it. In my house, preserve me ! but 
the idea was amusing. Well, my good friend, 
Mr. Cameron, never susj^ected that he was 
being fooled ; so he came to my house, made 
his demand, and went up the ladder to the 



loft. There he found that roll of tobacco that 
ia placed before you ; it is, as yciu plainly see, 
rotten and worthless, and had probably been 
lying there since the building of Babel. Well, 
my good friend, Mr. Cameron, threw down the 
roll and I received it ; and he said. That's one. 
Without showing him what I was doing, I 
threw it up again into the loft, while he was 
turning about in the dark with his candle. 
Presently he found it, and threw it down, 
saying. That's two. So I did the same over 
again ; and I was throwing it up, and he was 
throwing it down and counting, until I thought 
that I had drawn enough fun out of hmi for 
one day ; so then I stopped. And, of course, 
he was" obliged to stop ; and he said. There's 
no more; that last made thirty, and came 
down from the loft. Then I showed him what 
I had done, and that it was gowk -hunting day, 
and that I had played him a trick with that 
worthless roll of tobacco. But, my good friend, 
Mr Cameron took it amiss that he had been 
put upon a fool's errand, and so he took the 
summons against me. And that, Mr. Sheriff, 
is the whole of the case." 

Upon this, all the persons in court burst out 
laughing, and although Mr. Cameron protested 
that a false tale had been told, yet there was 
no witness to support what he said. So, the 
Sherili" dismissed the case, and Mr. Cameron 
was ordered to pay the expenses: and Archibald 
Macnab went home, quite pleased at having 
won the day. 

As a note to this anecdote of a former officer 
of excise in Cantire, I may mention a published 
statement regarding the pay of his successors. 
Thf Financial Reforniei; for July, 1862, in 
speaking of the enormous cost of collecting the 
Customs' duties, said, " at Campbeltown, four 
officers receive X471, for handing over to the 
Commissioners of Customs the sum of £17 ! " 
{To he continued.) 



Clan Mackay Sooiety. — A meeting of this 
Society was held on loth April in 5 St. Andrew 
Sciuare, Edinburgh ^Mr. Daniel Mackay, Vice- 
President, in the chair. It was reported that a 
number of applicants from the counties of Suther- 
land and Caithness would compete for the Mackay 
Bursary in June, and in this connection it was 
resolved to increase the bursary to the annual sura 
of £25, and to be called "The Clan Mackay Victoria 
Jubilee Bursary," in honour of Her Majesty's 
record reign. It was brought to the notice of the 
meeting that "A" Bhratach Bhan"— the white 
banner of the clan— was, in consequence of the 
death of the last custodier, in danger of being lost 
to the clan. Mr. John ]Mackay, Secretary {Celiic 
Mnnthhi), and Mr. John Mackay, S.S.C, were 
appointed to take such steps as they may think 
necessary in order to see that the old flag of the 
clan passed into proper and safe custody. 



166 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



DOMHNULL-NA-BRATAICH. 

(Donald of the Banner.) 



THE PATRIOT'S WELCOME HOME. 



[When the Clau Chattan standard bearer fell at 
Cullodeu in the impetuou.9 rush upon Cumberland's 
second line, in which the clan was nearly annihi- 
lated, a brave clansman named Donald Mac- 
kintosh — afterwards known as Dombnull-na- 
Brataich — tore the banner from its staff, wrapped 
it round his breast and carried it safely from the 
field.] 

Up with the banner, ye sons of Clan Chattan, 
Yonder the foemen their standards display ; 

Up with the grey brindled cat of the forest, 
Fierce be its spring on the Saxon to-day. 

Yonder the foemen's red columns are forming. 
Gunners unlimber, and cannon they prime ; 

Over the heath rolls the smoke and the thunder. 
Tongues of tire darting along their whole line. 

Straight come their cannon balls, thick come their 
bullets, 

Surer their aim and more deadly than ours ; 
O for the order to charge with the claymore. 

Short fleeting minutes seem stretched into hours. 

On with the banner, MacGillivray our leader 
Is waving at last o'er his head the claymore ; 

Join with one voice in the heart-stirring slogan. 
High let it sound o'er the cannon's loud roar. 

Now for our Prince and our country or never, 
Traitors the weight of our claymores shall feel ; 

On in the teeth of the snow.storm and bullets, 
Rush on the foemen's defences of steel. 

Down, as the storm lays the trees of the forest, 
Cumberland's red-coated veterans go, 

Down 'neath a torrent of steel and of tartan, 
Helmet and skull cleft in twain at a blow. 

On with the banner o'er those that have fallen. 
Yonder, the second red line of the foe , 

On with it faster, my God ! what a volley, 

The bravest and best of Clan Chattan laid low. 

Down is MacGillivray, our fearless brave leader, 
Down is the matchless heroic MacBean, 

Angus of Farr, and his gallant leal brother, 

Dallas the handsome, and dauntless Mact,)ueen. 

Gillies and Davidson lie on the heather. 
Still grasping tightly the reeking claymore, 

Brave Shaw and Farquhar have fallen together, 
Shoulder to shoulder to battle no more. 

Doivn is the banner, the bearer has fallen, 
Bravely this day he held it on high ; 

Pick it up Donald, the clansmen are scattered, 
Wrap it around thee, my hero, and fly. 

Flee to the mountains, the Saxon shall never 
Bear as a trophy our flag from the tield ; 

Flee to the mountains, the crag and the forest 
Must now be our hiding place, bulwark and 
shield. 

ihiind.i, Anous Mackintosh. 



^^''TT-y^HAUR Umpire Tweed rows on his way, 
V/\,^i Yestreen I gae him greetin'; — 

"You're still at that forfoughten play- 
To keep them baitli frae meetin' ! " 

His liquid notes less liquid flowed, 

I couldna just divine them ; 
This was the ower-word o' the ode, 

" Laith wad I be ; I join them."' 

Fu' sune the shilpit patriot flew. 

But no the patriot leal : 
This side o' Tweed I aye shall lo'e. 

The side that kens a creel. 

The bits o' blooms that met my e'e, 

Certes, but they were waddie ! 
Now wat ye how they welcomed me — 

They kent a Hielant laddie. 

The thistle reared his buirdly crown, 

An'. "Nemo me,"' — began, 
But changed his tune, and said, "Eh. loon! 

What gart ye bide sae lang I " 

Far owre the muir as e'e could scan 

The heather smiled upon it ; 
I ca'd a sprig frae out the clan — 

It nestled i' my bonnet. 

Right regal in its rocky height 
Waved sweet the winsome bell ; 

Whan — lightened wi' an unco light 
The dern upon the dell 1 

The wee bit gowan i' the howe. 
Afore the gloamin' fell, 
• Just closed it's e'e — but, did I vow 
Its whisper ne'er to tell ! 

The lav'rock lilted i' the lift ; 

The Untie on the bough ; 
I used to grien thy witching gift, 

Sweet Philomel ! but now 

Dost blame if here I had forgot 

What late to me thou'st sung ? 
For on the merle's an' mavis' note 

I thought the Doric hung. 

Fu' sweet, lang syne, thy rugged smile 

Oh, Scotia, was to me; 
But ask the haimert lane exile 

How sweet a smile can be. 

M. Adamson. 



The Glasgow Cowal Societv have just ended 
the session with a balance at their credit of £969 
IGs. 9d., and a membership of 408. 

The EiiiNBURUH Celtic Union have re-elected 
Captain William Morrison as President. The 
distinguished Captain is a native of Durness, the 
land of Rob Donn, the Gaelic bard. 




JOHN MACGREGOR, 

Provost of St. Andrc'.i's. 




MRS. JOHN MACGREGOR. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY: 

A MAGAZINE FOR HIGHLANDERS. 

Edited by JOHN MACKAY, Glasgow. 



No. 9 Vol. V.] 



JUNE. 1897. 



[Price Threepence. 



JOHN MACGREGOR, J. P., ST. ANDREWS. 




^VI?;K. JOHN MACGKEGOK, the subject 
^ffl^|h of the j)reseut sketch, was boru in the 
■^ '-^ ancient city of St. Andrews sisty-three 
years ago. His father was a clansman of Rob 
Roy, his mother was one of a very old family of 
residenters in St. Andrews. The business of 
the elder Macgregor was that of a house painter 
and decorator ; he emigrated with his wife and 
all the members of his family, except the subject 
of our notice, to America many years ago. 
John Macgregor, though then only in his nine- 
teenth year, took up the business of his father, 
which he has carried on with great assiduity 
ever since. A good many years ago he 
combined the business of auctioneer, valuator, 
and house agent with that already carried on 
by him, and also went in vigorously for house 
building, many of the best houses in the city 
being built by him, and several of the finest 
streets and terraces owing to him their incep- 
tion. At present he is one of the largest owners 
of house property in his native city. 

While thus diligent in his own business, Mr. 
Macgregor has done great and good service 
in the public interests. Entering the Town 
Council over forty years ago, he has continued 
regularly to hold a seat at the Board ever since, 
and has taken an active part in every movement 
for the advancement of St. Ajidrews, working 



most untiringly with his colleagues at all times. 
In recognition of his many and varied services 
he was elected a Magistrate in 1870, and very 
few of his constituents really knew the amount 
of time and labour he has since expended in 
the public service. Four years ago he was 
elected Chief Magistrate of his native city, an 
honour- well earned, and no Provost, we feel 
sure," has ever done better work or got on more 
pleasantly with his Council. 

The Provost also served some years in the 
School Board of the burgh; he is at present 
Chairman of the Parish Council, and a Justice 
of the Peace. Though having seen over three 
score years, the Provost is as active as ever, and 
his many friends in St. Andrews, as well as 
beyond its borders, wish that he may yet see 
many years of further usefulness. We should 
add that to his fellow citizens the Provost is a 
most helpful man, no tale of want or sorrow 
ever appealing to him in vain. 

He is a member of the Clan Gregor Society, 
and in all matters relating to his clan he is an 
enthusiast. 

James Bain. 



TO THE HIGHLAND CROFTERS. 



^]^iAIR Caledonia's ttustle yields 
HTjIL A theme for song and story ; 
^11^ When borne aloft on martial helda 
It aye has led to glory. 

Each Highland clan adored its tiag, — 

They soared or fell together ; 
They also loved what draped the crag 

And lofty ben — the heather. 

The shamrock, tliistle, and the rose 

May fade and die together : 
Forsake the lot — -reject all those, 

But bring a bunch of heather 1 

Do not adorn your bonnets blue 
With thistle, flower, or feather, 

But cross, and band of sable hue. 
And spray of mountain heather. 

I- Yoik. P. MACruERSOiN, 



162 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 




1678 



Part XIL — (Continued Jr-om page 144). 

QUATRE BeAS and WATERLOO GaLLANT 

Conduct of the " Greys." 
.^^^KjN the return home of the " Greys " in 
^iiI'kiI ^'^^'i' the regiment was quartered in 
»»\>!2K) England, in Scotland, and sometimes 
in L-eland. It was not called upon to serve in 
the Peninsular campaigns, but on the escape of 
Napoleon from Elba in March, 1815, all Europe 
again prepared for war, and sis troops of the 
gallant "Greys" were despatched in April to 
reinforce the British army in the Netherlands, 
its old battle ground in the Marlborough times, 
upon which it had won undying fame, and was 
now destined to acquire fresh laurels. On its 
arrival at Denderhauten, it was brigaded with 
its old comrades, the Ist Koyals and the Ennis- 
killins, under the command of Sir William 
Ponsonby, a Peninsula hero, and formed what 
has been since termed the " Union Brigade" — 
Eiif/lis/i, Sci.ittis/i, and frisk. 

Early in the morning of the 19th June the 
brigade was ordered to march upon Nivelles and 
Quatre Bras, and arrived at the latter place about 
dusk, after a long and tiresome march, when 
the fighting had ceased, and the French with- 
drew to Prasnes. The night was passed in an 
open field near the highway, Charleroi to 
Brussels. 

On the 17th the brigade retired upon 
Waterloo, covering the rear of the infantry and 
artillery. The "Greys" manfuuvred in such 
splendid style that the pursuing PVench van- 
guard of cuirassiers and lancers dared not 




1 '- JOHM MACKAY. cE.jp. 



attack them. Every time the Frenchmen 
approached too near, the gallant " Greys " 
faced about to check their advance. 

On the elevated ground in front of Mont St. 
Jean the whole army made a stand, and every 
division took up the ground upon which it was 
to fight next day. The " Union " brigade was 
posted on high ground in rear of Pack's brigade 
of Picton's division, to the left of Charleroi 
road. Picton's division when marching through 
Waterloo on the IGth numbered 6,000 British 
bayonets. On the 18th, when marshalled in 
position on the field of Waterloo, it amounted to 
no more than 3,000. Such was the severity of 
the fighting at Quatre Bras, where it had to 
sustain itself against the full force of Ney's 
16,000 Frenchman. 

The "Union" brigade at Waterloo was only 
1,186 sabres, exclusive of officers. 

It has been said that Napoleon, surveying 
the British position on the morning of the 18th, 
asked Soult where was the terrible Picton's 
division posted. He was informed that it was 
right in front of him. Napoleon seemed to 
scan it from right to left. Soult had met it 
many a time in battle array, and well knew the 
General and his men, especially the Highland 
regiments, "plaided and plumed Ln their tartan 
array." It was the first time that Napoleon 
beheld Pieton and his singularly clad troops. 
He had heard of the Highlanders, and often 



THfi CELTIC MONTHLY 



\r,:) 



read of them, read ti_>u of their prowess in 
tightinp;. After attentively surveying the whole, 
he exclaimed, '• What fine troops, but they 
must give way." Soult, who knew them better, 
replied, 'Sire, they will die first," and Napoleon 
made his dispositions to master them. 

He brought forward the whole of D' Erlon's 
corps d'armee, and Kellerman's division (if 
heavy cavalry and lancers, supported by 
brigades from Reille's and Bachelu's divisions, 
comprising no less than 20,000 of all arms, 
planted 74 guns on a lower ridge to pound 
away at Pictou's position on the higher ground 
opposite. The ridge upon which these ten 
batteries of 74 guns were placed was of such 



an elevation above the intervening plain, that 
they could fire above the heads of the attacking 
troops, till they nearly arrived on the summit 
of the British position and sweep the whole 
extent of it. 

This imposing force of superb infantry, 
cavalry, and artillery, with its reserves of 
infantry and cavalry in support, was not more 
than commensurate with the importance of 
Napoleon's design, which was not only to turn 
Wellington's left, but to force the centre of his 
position, and by gaining possession of La Haye 
Saiute, Mont St. Jean, to cut off Wellington's 
main line communication by the high road to 
Brussels, lay it open for the advance of his own 




WKI.LlNGTllN AT WATERLOO. 



troops to that city, which was his main object, 
and likewise prevent any junction of the 
Prussians from Wavre, of which he was appre- 
hensive, and had seen some indications. 

Ney, having marshalled all his columns of 
attack, sent word to Napoleon that all was 
ready. The order to advance was given. 

Grand and imposing was the advance of this 
array of four deep columns of infantiy, flanked 
by cavalry and followed by supporting brigades, 
with their loud and reiterated shouts of " Vive 
L-Empereur ! en avant ! en avant ! " which as 
the masses of men and horses descended the 
exterior declivity of their position into the 



intervening plain, were soon drowned by the 
roar produced by the simultaneous discharge 
of 74 guns over their heads upon the British 
and allied position. The effect was astounding. 
The left column of the French under Donze- 
lot marched for the centre of the British 
position by La Haye Sainte farm buildings, 
held by German light infantry. The right 
column under Durutte made for the left of the 
allied position at Papilotte, La Haye, and 
Smohain, while the two centre columns under 
Alis and Marcoguet advanced direct for Picton's 
division, Alix for Kempt's brigade, Marcoguet 
for Pack's. Light infantry troops soon issued 



164 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



from each column and quickly spread out into 
lines of skirmishers, extending all along the 
plain from right to left. 

The French batteries tiring over the heads 
of their own advancing countrymen, caused 
great havoc in the allied ranks. A brigade of 
Dutch Belgians forming Picton's front line 
posted on the ridge, fairly bolted, ran through 
his second line to the rear without firing a 
shot; so great was their eagerness to get out of 
harm's way that they nearly ran over the 
grenadier company of the 2Sth amid the 
hootings, jeers, and execrations of the British. 
Some of the Royal Scots could scarcely be 
refrained from fii'ing upon them, but nothing 
could restrain their flight till they found them- 
selves safe behind the British ranks. 

Wellington keenly watched the formation and 
advance of this formidable body of the enemy 
upon his left and right centre. Appreciating 
its enormous strength and the weakness in 
numbers of Picton's division, the flight of the 
Dutch Belgians, and no other infantry support 
at hand, he called upon Lord Uxbridge to move 
the Household cavalry, commanded by Lord 
Edward Somerset, and take post to the right- 
rear of Picton's right brigade ( Kempt s), and 
the '• Union " brigade to advance and take post 
to the rear of his left brigade (Pack's). Ux- 
bridge rode ofi' to Lord Edward Somerset, and 
ordered him to form his brigade into line and 
wait his return. He then galloped to the 
"Union" brigade, and ordered Sir \V. Ponsonby 
to advance and take post nearer the infantry of 
Pack. The order to advance was given, and 
received with the greatest exultation. These 
gallant horsemen were impatient of being 
spectators of a scene in which they had no 
part, they now felt that their turn was at hand, 
and they were determined to give a good 
account of themselves. The lioyals, Linis- 
kiUens, and Scots Greys advanced, and in the 
most masterly style wheeled into lines to the 
rear of the infantry, presenting a beautiful 
front of about 1,200 sabres. The Scots Greys 
were ordered to form a reserve for the other 
two regiments. This done, Uxbridge rode 
down the lines, and was received with a g(;neral 
shout and cheers from the gallant brigade. 
Before leaving he gave orders that in his 
absence the brigade commanders should always 
take ujjon themselves to conform to, and 
support oli'ensive movements in their front, as 
he could not be everywhere at the proper 
moment to give orders. He also sent orders 
to Vivian and Vandeleur, who commanded the 
two brigades of light cavaky on the extreme 
left, to come to the support of the "Union" 
brigade should the necessity arise, and then 
galloped away to place himself at the head of 



the Household cavalry. He determined in his 
own mind to make that day the British cavalry 
famous in Europe, and he did, 
(7'o be continued.) 



KINTYRE SMUGGLING STORIES. 



By the late Cuthbeet Bede. 



HOW THE SirUOGLER CHEATED THE MAN OF WAR. 

•g^J^ T the time of which I am speaking, 
A^^ some seventy years ago, smuggling 
JP^i^ was conducted on a large scale in 
this peninsula, and with great ingenuity and 
success. The long, narrow form of (Jantire 
and its extensive sea-board, with the proximity 
of numerous islands at brief distances on 
every side, combined to give to this district 
of the Western Highlands unusual facilities 
for the dealers in contraband spirits. Despite 
the hazard and lottery that attend the 
business of smuggling, yet, like gambling, it 
had its peculiar fascinations, and hundreds 
were found to engage in it with the greatest 
alacrity, while not a few made fortunes by their 
ventures. At that time the islands of Guernsey, 
Jersey, and Man, were free ports, and swil't- 
sailing vessels were prepared to carry to and 
from those islands tobacco, tea, rum, brandy, 
wine, and aU other articles on which a heavy 
duty was imposed when thej' were sold within 
the bounds of the three kingdoms. So that 
when a smuggler ran a good cargo and escaped 
a seizure, he made a considerable profit by it. 

The Campbeltown herring-fleet, with my 
father on board one of the vessels, was lying 
in harbour in a certain loch, when a large 
smuggling craft came to anchor among them. 
It was by no means an imwelcome visitor, for 
the herring fishers had always a fine time of it 
during the stay of a smuggler, as they got 
jsleutj' of spirits and tobacco at a cheap rate. 
But this was not to last long, for a war-ship 
got information about the smuggler and came 
in search of her, and finding that she was with 
the herring-fleet in the harbour, the king's ship 
made for it. Now, at the mouth of the harbour 
was a lofty rocky island, on the northern side 
of which the harbour could alone be navigated, 
so that the war-shii) had to sail round the back 
of the island before getting into the hai'bour. 
The smugglers saw their enemy standing in, 
and the war-ship also got a view of what they 
considered to be their rich prize. But, while 
the king's vessel was passing out of sight round 
the other side of the rocky island, the smugglers 
hove short, taking in their anchors, except one 
that they could take in very quickly ; then they 




ALEXANDER MACKAY. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



105 



unfurled their sails as if they were drying them ; 
and then every man went below, and keeping 
out of sight, held himself in readiness. 

The man of-war came round the island and 
into the harbour, and seeing everything quiet 
and snug, and no appearance of any living soul 
on board the smuggler, they thought they 
should have an easy matter to capture their 
rich prize. So they went in shore, moored 
their ship, "handed" the sails, launched the 
boats and manned them with the ship's crew, 
well-armed, in order to board the smuggler. 
But while they were doing so, the smuggler's 
crew crept upon deck, shook out the sails, 
hauled up the anchor, and, like lightning, sent 
their vessel frothing through the deep. She 
made such way that it was in vain for the man- 
of-war's boats to give chase, so they returned 
to the ship with all speed, got up anchors and 
sails, and made after the smuggler in hot haste. 
By this time she had got out of the harbour 
and past the island. The herring-tishers, who 
had watched all these proceedings with the 
greatest interest, climbed their masts and 
viewed the chase so long as the two vessels 
remained in sight. I need hardly say that, 
although they drew the king's bounty, their 
sympathies went with the chased, and not with 
the pursuers. 

The night drew on, and by the time that it 
was dark the man-of-war had gained so greatly 
on the smuggler, that its capture was inentable, 
unless those on board of her could devise some 
expedient to mislead their pursuers. And, as 
they were always ready with their ingenious 
tricks, they were not much at a loss for a 
device on the present occasion. As the night 
drew on, they had fixed a light at the stern of 
their vessel ; and as the darkness increased, 
this light greatly assisted the man-of-war in 
keeping to the right track. But, although 
their pursuers thought them very stupid for 
showing this light, the smugglers had done so 
for a purpose of their own. They had prepared 
a tar-barrel and put a flame to it, at the same 
moment that they dowsed their light, craftily 
substituting the one for the other. They then 
quietly lowered the lighted tar-barrel into the 
sea, and, cutting the rope adrift, altered their 
course, and steered in the dai'kness on another 
tack. The man-of-war sailed steadily on after 
the light, and, when at last they came up with 
it, found it to be nothing more than a blazing 
tar-barrel, and that theii- rich prize had slipped 
out of their very grasp. 

In a few days the smuggler was in another 
loch, disposing of her goods to the herring- 
fishers, and neither regarding the law, nor 
fearing the man-of-war. 

I have been made acquainted with several 



other stories, iii connection with this subject of 
smuggling in Cantire, one of which will 
appear in next issue. 

(To be continued.) 



ALEXANDER MACKAY, ABERDEEN. 




sJ^W^R. ALEXANDER 
^J^ MACKAY may 
.^VEL fairly claim to be 
"The Real Mackay," his 
wife being a Mackay, and 
his father and grandfather 
having both married ladies 
of the clan. He was born 
in the parish of Killearnan, 
Black Isle, in 1844, where he received such 
education as the local school alYorded, and at 
the age of sixteen found his way to the Low- 
lands in search of suitable employment. Here 
he spent ten years, but in 1870 he decided to 
venture further afield in search of fortune. 
Landing at Quebec, he turned his hand to 
every variety of work that came his way, and 
eventually was manager on the home- farm of 
the widow of Admiral Gregory of the IT. S. 
Navy, at New Haven, Conn. In 1872 he 
removed to the north west, the Dakotas being 
then unsettled, where he bought some land, 
and along with General Campbell, a worthy 
scion of the Argyll clan, assisted in laying out 
the town site of the now important town of 
Scotland. In 1877 he returned to Scotland 
and settled in Glasgow, where he married ; and 
started business as a contractor. After a brief 
visit to America to dispose of his land, he 
finally removed ten years ago to Aberdeen, 
where he has established a successful business. 
During his wanderings in the new world, he 
came across many of the old Highland settlers, 
whom he found to retain the language and 
customs of the Highlands to a greater degree 
than is the case among his countrymen at home. 
Those who have seen Mr. Mackay arrayed in 
the kilt could not help noticing his splendid 
physique, for he is really an athlete of celebrity. 
He has competed at the leading sports in 
Canada, the States and in the West of Scotland, 
where he has met the most prominent athletes, 
and never failed to be included in the prize 
Ust. Mr. iSIackay is an enthusiast in Highland 
matters, and when in America was a member 
of the New Haven Caledonian Club, which he 
represented for several years at the Interna- 
tional Conventions. He is a member of the 
Clan Mackay Society and supported his Chief, 
Lord Reay, at the recent great gathering of 
the clan in Glasgow. He is also a member of 
the Aberdeen Highland Association. 



inn 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



His family consists of five sons and one 
daughter, among -whom the language of their 
forefathers is still retained, so that we may 
truly say of "The Reay Mackay" that he 
follows the Ossianic injunction 

Lean iju diiu le cliu du shinnsew. 



GENERAL SIMON FRASER. 



BY .1. P. MACLEAX. 

j^^IREN who have fallen during misfortunes 
^^h seldom have their virtues recorded by 
Js^^ those who should perpetuate their 
memories, (treat Britain has been remiss in her 
treatment of departed heroes who have fallen 
amidst disaster in her wars. Among her worthy 
sons, none ever were braver, nor truer to her 
interests than Brigadier General Simon Fraser. 
The disasters that overtook the ill-fated ai-my of 
Burgoyne were by no meaus due to him, nor to 
any others whose misfortunes led them to sur- 
render at Saratoga. At the door of Lord George 
Germaiue, Minister of War, must be laid the 
calamity that overtook the best equipped British 
army that ever marched upon the soil of the 
New World. The bravery of this entire army 
has never been (juestioned ; and yet there has 
been a tendency in Gi'eat Britain to forget the 
soldiers and their commanders. It is certainly 
strange that American pens have written most 
(■(inceriiing the affairs of Hurgoyne and the 
\al(inius deeds of his soldiers. The name of 
General Fraser is better known to the American 
reader than to the British; and his deeds and 
fair name live almost solely in the recollections 
of those whofse country he sought to overthrow. 
Alth(jugh he was the trusted adviser of hjs 
commander, yet De Fonblaffque in his " fjife of 
Burgoyne" (published 1873) has but little to 
say of the devoted general. Mackenzie in his 
"History of the Erasers" (181)6) devotes le.ts 
than three ]:iages to his life and character. 

The life and public services of General Simon 
Fraser should be written. Some one of that 
surname should be fired with ambition to do 
honour to his clan and his country by presenting 
to the public, at least the military .servires of 
him who had no superior in his tribe. 

Although I have collected considerable material 
relating to the life of General Fraser, yet it is 
my purpose only to give an imperfect sketch of 
this brave ofKcer who fell where his sen.se of 
duty had called him. 

Brigadier Simon Phaser was the tenth son of 
Alexander Fraser, second of Balnaiu. The lauds 
of ]5alnain had been acquired from Hugh, tenth 
Lord of Lovat, liy Big Hugh, grandf.ather of 



Simon. Alexander was in possession of the 
lands as early as 1730, and for his first wife had 
Jane, daughter of William Fraser, eighth of 
Foyers, by whom he had issue six sons and one 
daughter. In 1716 he married Jean, daughter 
of Angus, tenth Mackintosh of Kyllachy, by 
whom he had issue five sons and three daughters, 
Simon being the fourth son, and born May 26th, 
1720. 

In all probability it would be a difficult task 
to determine the date of his first commission in 
the British army owing to the fact that no less 
than eight Simon Frasers apiiear in the Army 
List of 1757, six of whom belonged to Eraser's 
Highlanders, as the Second Highland Battalion, 
afterwards the 78th Foot was called. The 
subsequent commissions may positively be traced 
as follows : — In the 78th Foot, lieutenant, 
January 5th, 1757, captain-lieutenant, Septem- 
ber 27th, 1758, captain, April 22nd, 1759; 
major in the army, March 17G1 ; in the 24th 
Foot, major, February 8th, 1762, and lieutenant- 
colonel, July Uth, 1768. January 10th, 1776, 
General Carleton appointed him to act as briga- 
dier till the king's pleasure could be known, 
which in due time was confirmed. His last 
commission was that of colonel in the army, 
being ga/.etted July 22nd, 1777. He served in 
the Scots Regiment in the Dutch service and 
was wounded at Bergen ap-Zoon iu 1747. He 
was with his regiment in the expedition against 
Loui.sbourg in 1758 and accompanied General 
Wolfe to Quebec in 1759, and was the officer 
who answered the hail of the enemy's sentry in 
French, and made him believe that the troops 
who surprised the Heights of .Vbraham were the 
Regiment de la Rhine. 

After the fall of Quebec, for a few years he 
did garrison duty at Gibraltar. Through the 
interest of the Marquis of Townshend, who 
appointed him his aid-de-camp in Ireland, he 
was selected as quartermaster-general to the 
troops then stationed in that countrj'. While 
stationed in Ireland he was selected by 
General Burgoyne as one of his commanders for 
his expedition against the Americans. On the 
5th of April, 1776, he embarked with the 24th 
Foot, and arrived in (Quebec on the 28th of the 
following May. He commanded the light 
brigade on Burgoyne's campaign, and was thus 
ever in ailvance, rendering throughout the most 
efficient services, and had the singular good 
foi tune to increase his reputation. He assisted 
in driving the Americans out of Canada, and 
defeated them in the battle at Three Rivers, 
followed by that of Hubbardton, July 7th, 1777. 
Had his views prevailed, the blunder of sending 
heavy German dismounted dragoons to Benning- 
ton, and the consequetit disaster would never 
have been committed. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



107 



The career of this dauutless hero uow rapiilly 
drew near to its close. L'p to the battle of 
Bennington almost iiuexanipled success had 
attended the expedition of Biirgoj'ne. The 
turning' point had come. The battle of Benning-- 
ton iufuseil the Americans with a new and 
indomitable spirit ; the murder, by savages, of 
the beautiful Miss Jane MacRae, aroused the 
passions of war ; the failure of General Clinton 
toco-operate with Burgoyne; tlie rush of the 
militia to the aid of Gates, and the detachment 
of Morgan's riflemen by Washington fi-om his 
own army to the assistance of the imperiled 
north, all conspired to turn the tide of success, 
and invite the victorious army to a disastei', 
rendered famous in the annals of history. 



On September l-'ith, the British army crossed 
the Hudson, by a bridge of rafts, witli the 
design of forming a junction with Sir Henry 
Clinton at Albany. The army was in excellent' 
order and in the highest spirits, and the perils of ' 
the expedition seemed practically over. The 
army marched a short distance along the western 
bank of the Hudson, and on the 1 4th encamped 
on the heights of Saratoga, distant about sixteen 
miles from Albany. On the 10 th a battle was 
fought between the British right wing and a 
strong body of Americans. In this action the 
right column was led by General Fraser, who, 
on the first onset, wheeled his troops and forced 
Morgan to give way. Morgan was speedily 
re-enforced, when the action became general. 




SINK IN KKASf;R. 



When the battle appeared to he in the grasp of 
the British, and just as Fraser and Breymann 
were preparing to follow up the advantage, they 
were recalled by Burgoyue and reluctantly forced 
to retreat. Both Fraser and Riedesel (commander 
of the Brunswick contingent) bitterly criticised 
the order, and in plain terms informed Burgoyne 
that he did not know how to avail himself of 
advantages. The next day Burgoyne devoted 
himself to the laying out of a fortified camp. 
The right wing was placed under the command 
of Fraser. The situation now began to grow 
critical. Provisions became scarce. October 5th 
a council of war was held, and the advice of 
both Fraser and Riedesel was to fall back 



immediately to their old position beyond the 
Batten Kil. Burgoyne finally determined on a 
r'econnaissance in force. So, on the morning of 
October 7th, with fifteen hirudr-ed men, accom- 
panied by Gener-al Fraser, Riedesel, arrd Phillips, 
the division advanced in three columns towards 
the left wing of the American position. In 
advance of the right wing. General Fraser had 
command of five hundred picked men. The 
Americans fell upon the British advance with 
fury, and soon a general battle was errgaged in. 
Morgatr poured down like a torrent from the 
ridge that skirted the flanking party of Fraser, 
and forced the latter back, and then by a rapid 
movement to the left fell upon the flank of the 



168 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY 



British right with such impetuosity that it 
wavered. General Fraser noticing the critical 
situation of the centre hurried to its succour the 
24lh Regiment. Dressed in full uniform, General 
Fraser was conspicuously mounted on an iron 
grey horse. He was all activity and vigilance, 
riding from one part of the division to another, 
and animated the troops with his example. At 
a critical point, Morgan, who, with his riflemen 
was immediately oppcsite to Fraser's corps, 
jierceiving that the fate of the day rested upon 
that officer, called a few of his sharp-shooters 
aside, among whom was the famous marksman, 
Tim Murphy, men on whose precision of aim he 
could rely, and said to them, '• That gallant 
officer yonder is General Fraser ; I admire and 
respect him, but it is necessary for our good that 
he should die. Take your station in that cluster 
of bushes and do your duty " A few moments 
later, a rifle ball cut the crouper of Fraser's 
horse, and another passed through the horse's 
mane. Fraser's aid, catling attention to this, 
said : " It is evident that you are marked out 
for particular aim ; would it not be prudent for 
you to retire from this place? " Fraser replied, 
"My duty forbids me to fly from danger." The 
next moment he fell wounded by a ball from the 
rifle of Murphy, and was canied off the field by 
two grenadiers. After he was wounded fi'raser 
told his friends " that he saw the man who shot 
him, and that he was a rifleman posted in a tree." 
From this it would appear that after Morgan 
had given his orders Murphy climbed into the 
forks of a convenient tree. 

Upon the fall of Fraser, dismay seized the 
British. A retreat took place exactly fifty-two 
minutes after the first shot was fired. Burgoyne 
left the cannon on the field, except two howit- 
zers, besides sustaining a loss of more than four 
hundred men, and among them the flower of his 
officers. Contemjiorary military writers affirmed 
that had Fraser lived the Bi-itish would have 
made good their retreat into Canada. It is 
claimed that he would have caused Burgoyne to 
have avoided the blunders which finally resulted 
in hi.s surrender. 

The closing scene of General Fraser'.s life has 
been graphically described by Madame Kiedesel, 
wife of the German General. It has been oft 
quoted, but Is here given again: "All at once, 
on the 7th of October, he (Riedesel) marched 
away with the whole staff, and then our misfor- 
tunes began. While breakfasting with my 
husband, I heard that something was under 
contemplation. General Fraser, and I believe. 
Generals Burgoyne and Phillips were to dine 
with me on that day. I remarked much move- 
ment in the camp. My husband told me that it 
was a mere reconnaissance, which, however, did 
not surpri.se me, us this oflen happened Oil 



my way homeward I met a number of Indians 
armed with guns, and clad in their war dresses. 
Having asked them where they were going, 
they replied, ' War, war;' by which they meant 
they were about to fight. 'This made me very 
uneasy, and I had scarcely got home, before I 
heard reports of guns ; and soon the fire became 
brisker, till at last the noise grew dreadful, upon 
which I was more dead than alive. About three 
o'clock in the afternoon, instead of guests whom 
I had exjjected to cline with me, I saw one of 
them, poor General Fraser, brought upon a litter, 
mortally wounded. The table, which was 
already prepared for dinner, was immediately 
removed, and a bed jilaced in its stead for the 
General. I sat terrified and trembling in a 
corner. The noise grew more alarming, and I 
was in a continual agony and tremor, while 
thinking that my husband might soon be brought 
in, wounded like General Fraser. That poor 
general said to the surgeon, ' Tell me the tiuth : 
is there no hope?' The ball had passed through 
his body, but unhappily for the general, he had 
that morning eaten a full breakfast, by which 
the stomach was distended, and the ball, as the 
surgeon remarked, passed directly through it. 
I heard often amidst his groans, such words as 
these, ' Oh, fatal ambition ! poor General Bur- 
goyne ! my poor wife ! ' Prayers were read, 
after which he desired that General Burgoyne 
should be requested to have him buried on the 
next day at six o'clock in the evening, on a hill 
where a breastwork had been constructed. I 
knew not what to do ; the entrance and all the 
rooms were full of sick, in consequence of the 
dysentery which prevailed in the camp. . . . 
I divided the night between her (Lady Ackland) 
whom I wished to comfort, and my children who 
were asleep, but who, I feared, might disturb 
the poor dying general. He sent several 
messages to beg my pardon for the trouble he 
thought he gave me. About three o'clock, I 
was informed that he could not live much longer, 
and as I did not wish to be present at his last 
struggle, I wrapped my children in blankets, and 
retired into the entrance hall. At eight o'clock 
in the morning he expired. 

" After he had been washed, he was wrapped 
in a sheet and laid out. We then returned into 
the room, and had this melancholy spectacle 
before us the whole day. Many officers of my 
acquaintance were brought in wounded, and the 
cannonade continued. There was some talk of 
retreating, but I saw no indications of it. About 
four o'clock in the afternoon, I saw the house 
which had been built for me, in flames, from 
which I inferred that the enemy was near. We 
were informed that General Burgoyne intended 
to comply with General Fraser's last reque.st, 
and to have him buried at six o'clock, in the 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



169 



place which he had designated. This occasioned 
a useless delay, and contributed to our military 
misfortiuies. At six o'clock the cor|)se was 
removed, and we saw all the generals, with 
their retinues on the hill, assisting at the funeral 
ceremony. The English chaplain, Mr. Brudenel, 
officiated. Cannon balls flew around and above 
the assembled mourners. General Gates pro- 



tested afterwards, that had he known what was 
going on, he would have sto|iped the fire 
immediately. Many cannon balls flew close by 
me, but my whole attention was engaged bj' the 
funeral scene, where I saw my husband exposed 
to imminent danger." 

( To be concluded. ) 



OUR MUSICAL PAGE. 



IplpHE following air is the composition of 
y^ Mr. Archibald Ferguson, Leader of the 
■,j^ St. Columba Gaelic Choir, Glasgow, to 
whose labours more than those of any other 
individual is due the present revival of Gaelic 
music. Many old melodies have been given in 
this magazine, but of modern compositions few 
indeed. As a rule little or nothing is known 
of the composers of the older melodies or the 
circumstances which led to their creation ; and 
when a story is associated with a particular 
air, it is to be feared it does not always convey 
the truth. This being in my opinion a very 
pretty air and well suited to the words of the 
Rahoy bard's song, it may not be out of place 
to record the circumstances which contributed 
to bringing it into existence. When the 
Children's Song Book — An Uiseinj — was in 



course of preparation it occurred to me that 
" A' Chuthag " would be an excellent song to 
include if it had an appropriate air, and I 
made the suggestion to " Fionn " We both tried 
to make a tune for it and failed to satisfy 
ourselves. I, however, sent on one of the 
compositions to Mr. Ferguson, who thought it 
of too heavy a cast for the sentiment of the 
song. In the course of a day or two I received 
from him the air given below with which I was 
charmed, and I straightway adopted it for An 
Uiseag where it was published for the first 
time. I was not aware that the song was sung 
in the Highlands to an air of its own until Mr. 
Ferguson informed me that he heard it given by 
Archie Campbell, coach driver on the Glencoe 
and Glen Etive route. 

M. MF. 



A' CHUTHAG. 

(Tlie Cuckoo.) 



Kky Bt S/oir and /ilaiiUiiv. 












mf 


d. : 


. ri d . 


?' 




. n : d . n 


/V Fi: 
d . n : d . 


Gu 


: . S| : n, . 
-gug, Gu-gug, 


Gu-gug, 


• S| 

Gu 


ni. : 


. S| : ri| .S| 

Gu-gug Gu ■ 


1 ri|. S| : rii . 
•gug Gu-gug. 


: . Si 
O, 


1 n . Si ■■ d : - . ti 
failt' ort fhe'in, a 


1, .d : S, 
chuthag ghorin, 


: -.Si 

Le 


1 rii .Si : 
d' oran 


d : -.r 
ceol - mhor 


1 ri . r : - 
luilis ! 


: .fi 

'Se 


1 n, . Si : d : - . ti 
seiriii do bheuil 'sa 


1, .d : Si 
Cln.nte.an i>g. 


; -.d 

A 


ti . d : r : - . n 
thogadh bron o 'ni 


1 r .d : - 
cbridhe ; 


: .d 

'S ro 


t. . d : r : - . 1, 
bhiun leam t'fhuaim 'sa 


ti .(i : S, 
mhaduinn Clieit 


: -.d 

;, 'S tu 


1 r . n : f •• - . n 
air bharr ge'ig 'san 


1 n . r : - 
innis- ; 


T.rn.r: d :-.ni 
No 'm feasgar ciiiin aig 


f| . li ; S, 
bun nan stiic 


"N uair 


I ralkuilaiiilri. 
n, . S| : d : - . ti 
bhiodh an driiichd a' 


1 n. (• 

1 r.d : - 

sileadli. 



O, innis c' ^it an robh do thriall 

'N uair bha na siantan fionnar ; 
No 'n robh thu 'd tliosd gun chail gun toirt 

An cijs a' chnoic fo dhubhar ? 
'S mor m' fharmad riut, a chuthag chuir : 

Cha dean thu bron 'nad shiubhal, 
Chionn tha do dhoire daonnan gorm, 

'S do chridh' an comhnuidh subhach. 



Ged theicheas tu roimh 'n fhuachd air am, 

Gu 'm faic do ghleann thu rithis, 
Acli, 'n uair bheir mise ris mo chid, 

Cha bhi mo dhiiil ri tilleadh. 
Is truagh nach b' urrainn dorah leat trial! 

Air a.star sgiath 'nar dithis, 
Le caismeachd bhinn 'toirt fios gach Jim 

'N uair bhiodh an Samhradh 'tighinn. 



170 



THE OELTIO MONTHLY. 



TO CORRBSPONDBNTS. 

All C'otnniitiiicationSt on literary and businefta 
ntattera, should be addressed to the Editor, Mr. JOHN 
3IACKA r, y BIythsu'ood Drive, Glasgoir. 

TERMS OP SUBSCRIPTION.— The CELTIC 
MONTHLY toill be sent, post free, to any part of the 
United Kingdom, Canada, the United States, and all 
countries in the Postal Unions/or one year, //s. 



The Celtic Monthly. 

JUNE, 1897 • 

COI^TEirCTS. 

John Macoheqor, St. Andrews (with plate), - . .101 

To TiiK Highland Croftbrs (poem), 161 

The RofAL Scots Orets, Part XIII. (illustrated). • ■ 162 

KiNTYRR .S.MrOGLING STOMIES, - - - . . 164 

Alkxander Mackay, Aberdeen (with plate), - - l(i5 

General Simon Fraser (illustrated), - ... - ico 

OiR SlfsicAL Page— A' Chituao, - - . - - - luu 

To our Readers, - - 170 

Minor Septs of Clan Cuattak (illustrated), - - - - 171 

The Ql'een of the Hebrides, 174 

George R. Mi'Nroe (with plate), ...... 171; 

The Highlanders of Scotland (illustrated), .... 17G 

The Captive Chief (poem), -178 

Ken.more, Loch Tay ,(poem), 179 

The late John Campbell, Ledaig (with portrait), . . ISO 

Te dhealbiiach a' bheoil BHOiDHiCH (poeui), . . . isi) 

OUR NEXT ISSUE. 

Next month we will give plate portraits, with 
biographical sketches, of Mr. W. Grant Macgregor, 
London ; Dr .and Mrs. D. J. Macaulaj, Halifax ; 
and Mr. John Stewart, London, late of Assam. 

" The Minor Septs of Clan Chattan," by 
Mr. C. Fraser-Mackintosh, is now in the press, and 
will be published at 21/-. It is being got up in very- 
line style. See our advertising pages for full 
particulars. Subscribers' names should be sent at 
once to Mr. John Mackay, 9 Blythswood Drive, 
Glasgow. 

Mk. John Mackay, Hereford, has of late 
devoted himself to a study of English place-names, 
the result of his researches being a valuable paper 
" History in names and words," which he read to 
the Gaelic Society of London on 12th May. 

On the anniversary of CuUoden, Kith April, Mr. 
Theodore Napier deposited three wreaths on the 
memorial cairn on the battlefield, in honour of the 
brave Highlanders who died for Prince Charlie. 
One was sent by Sir Robert Menzies, Bart., chief 
of the clan. 

Captain John Ma(Rae-Gil.strap has purcha.sed 
the beautiful estate of Ballimore, Argyllshire. 

Mr. D. S. Mackintosh, Shettlesion, has been 
elected President of the Clan Chattan .Association, 
and Vice-President, Gaelic Society of Glasgow. , ; 

Dr. K. Mackenzie Chisholm has been elected 
chairman of the Radcliffe Council. The doctor is a 
Gairloch man. 

Mr. David Macdonald, J.P., Glasgow, has 
given the handsome donation of £500 to the Kin- 
tyre Club, the interest of which is to be devoted to 
charitable purposes. 



The Highland Club at Inverness has added 
Major Davidson of Cantray to its directorate. 

Mr. Malcolm MacFarlane has resigned the 
Secretaryship of the Gaelic Society of Glasgow, 
and Mr. Donald Nicolson, Bearsden, has been 
appointed to the vacancy. 

The Macdonald Society in Edinkdrgh intend 
presenting bronze medals to boys and girls of the 
clan who distinguish themselves in Edinburgh 
schools. 

Her Grace the Duchess of Sutherland is 
to deliver a lecture in Glasgow in October, under 
the auspices of the County of Sutherland Associa- 
tion, on "Highland Home Industries, and the 
Sutherland Nursing Scheme." 

Mr. Hugh Macleod, one of the most prominent 
of the Glasgow Celts, was presented by the Skye 
Association with a valuable gold watch, in acknow- 
ledgment of his long and valuable services aa 
Honorary Secretary. 

The Glasgow Skye As.sociation have just 
ended a very successful session, with an increased 
balance to their credit. It is intended to place a 
memorial stone over the grave of the late Treasurer, 
Mr. Duncan Finlayson, in Skye. 

The Clan MacKinnon held a successful Concert 
in the Waterloo Rooms on 1st May. The session 
has been a most encouraging one, the membership 
being now over 200, and the funds £130. Few of 
the other Clan Societies can show a balance of 
equal amount this year. 

" Iain Bad-a-Mheoir — a Sutherlandshire charac- 
ter " was the title of a paper read by Mr. (ieorge 
Morrison before a meeting of the Edinburgh 
Sutherland Association. This excellent Association 
shows its usual good record of work done for the 
year. 

Mr. D. p. Menzies, F.S.A., Scot , the energetic 
Secretary of the Clan Society, has recently added 
several £10 10s. life members to the roll, the latest 
being Mr. D. M. Menzies, New Zealand, a grandson 
of the famous Major Archibald Menzies, of the 
42nd, whose gallant conduct at Quatre Bras was 
described so ably in our pages by Mr. John Mackay 
in his articles '" The Highlanders at Waterloo." 

The Inverness Gaelic Society made a recent 
departure, which has been attended by the happiest 
results. An "At Home" was held in the 
Caledonian Hotel, Councillor William Mackay, 
Solicitor, in the chair, and a must pleasant evening 
was spent, with music, song and dance. Verily, 
our learned friends in the Highland Capital are 
progressing I 

London Invernessians held their Annual Dinner 
on 5th May — Field Marshal Sir Donald Stewart in 
the chair. There were about sixty gentlemen 
present. The chairman advocated the army as a 
profession for Highlanders, and reflected upon the 
idle life which many of the crofting population lead. 
While we would decidedly like to see our Highland 
regiments composed of Highlanders, we altogether 
dissent from his views on the crofter question. If 
the Gael is not eager to join the army he has unfor- 
tunately very good reasons for his aversion. The 
Invernessians deserve credit for the able way in 
which they conduct the aft'airs of their Association, 
thanks mainly to the eflbrts of Mr. William Grant 
and Mr. Donald C. Fraser. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



iiZl 












\?o-Rt/ 




No. II. — The Macbeanh. 



Part Four. — The Macbeans of Tomatin, &c- 




I^^WE pretty estate of Tomatin in the parish 
y^ of Moy and Lordship of Strathdearn is, 
'■^ and for more than 250 years has been, 
in possession of this family. More fortunate 
than the Macbeans of Kinchyle, Drummond, 
and Faillie, they have not only preserved their 



original estate, but added within the last half 
century the estate of Free, lying adjacent. 
Strathdeain, since the opening of the Highland 
railway by Forres, has been much isolated. It 
is, however, destined to renewed life and 
activity, for the new and direct line to Perth 
via Aviemore intersects the district, the viaduct 
across the river Findhorn, the greatest in the 
North, of which a sketch specially prepared for 
this paper is given. The viaduct, still in progress, 
on its north side rests upon Tomatin estate. 

The first M acbean to acquire the property was 
I. — Bean M acbean, styled Bean-Mac-Coil-vic- 
Gillie-Phadrick, "in Morilmore." 

The original charter, by James, Earl of 
Moray, is dated 16th December, 1639, and 
runs in favour of the said Beau, his heirs male 
and assignees. The similarity of the names 
would indicate a close connection with the 
family of Faillie ; and I am inclined to think 
that Bean, 1st of Tomatin, was younger son of 
Donald Mac-Gillie-Phadrick, 1st of Faillie, 
referred to in the previous chapter. 

Bean, 1st Tomatin, was succeeded by his son 
II. — Eugenius, otherwise Evan, who was infeft 
in 1677 as heir to his father. Bean, in the lands 
on precept from Alexander, Earl of ^loray, 
dated 18th February, 1677. This Evan 
apparently fell into difficulties, and the estate was 
adjudicated by William Macbean, apparently 



172 



THE OELTIO MONTHLY. 



his brother, Burgess of Invernes?, who, on the 
death of Evan without male issue, entered into 
possession of Tomatin under the adjudication, 
and destined the estate to his son, Bain, whose 
son, 

III. — John JMacbean, married Janet Mackin- 
tosh, daughter of Mackintosh of Dalmagerrie. 
Their contract of marriage is dated at Inverness 
and Tomatin on 11th and 24th April, 1688. 
The description of lands in the contract is as 
follows: — "All and haill the plough town and 
lands of Tomatin, with houses, biggings, yards, 
barns, byres, mosses, muirs, sheiliugs, grazings, 
outsetts, annexis, connexis, parts, pendicles, 
and remanent universal pertinents, pertaining 
and belonging thereto, lying within the Lord- 
ship of Strathdearn, Parochin of Moy, and 



Sheriffdom of Inverness." As it has a goodly 
number of Macbean witnesses I give their 
names and designations, viz: — Gillies Macbean 
of Wester Draikies ; Donald ^lacbean, Merchant, 
Burgess in Inverness; Angus Macbean, younger, 
Writer in Inverness; Mr. Alexander Gumming, 
Minister of Moy ; and Alexander Mackintosh 
of Holm. 

This John was a prudent and careful man, 
and kept his papers in good order. There is a 
bible dated 1640, which is much treasured by 
the family on account of the number of births, 
deaths, and marriages, engraved from an early 
date on its blank pages. 

John is found in the years 1682 to 1730. 
In 1740, designed younger of Tomatin, 
IV. — William Macbean is found. William 





TOMATIN HOUSE, INVERNESS-SHIRE. 



married Jean, daughter of Lachlan Macpherson 
of Strathnoon. In Mr. Macbean's latter will 
and testament, dated Tomatin, 2nd July, 1742, 
he appoints Strathnoon to be his executor, and to 
Ludovic Macbean. his only child in life, for his 
intromissions. He further appoints Gillies 
Macbean, tacksman of Dalmagerry, and Donald 
and John Macbean. his brothers german, to 
call, it necessary, the executor to account in 
the interests of his son. 

Ludovic must have been in pupillarity at 
this time, for the above Gillies, I'onald, and 
John are appointed his tutors, until he arrive 
at the age vrhen he can choose curators. Mr. 
William Mncliean's will was written by Mr. 
Donald Macqueen, younger of Corrybrough, and 



signed in his presence and that of Lachlan 
Mackintosh of Kaigmore. Ludovic's prede- 
cessors, William and John, do not appear to 
have taken out a title to the estate, for Ludo- 
vic is entered by James, Earl of Moray, as heir 
to his grand-uncle, Evan. William Macbean 
had two brothers, John and Donald, who dis- 
charge their provision by deed in his favour, 
dated at Dalmagerry, 18th February, 1742, 
written by Gillies Macbean, son of Kinchyle, 
and witnessed by the writer, by Bean Macbean, 
residenter at Dalmagerry, Donald Blacbean, 
student there, and David Macbean, scholmaster 
at Dalmagerry. In 1760 the above 
V. — Ludovic appears in possession and was 
undoubtedly the most important man of his 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



race, having established himself in business in 
Glasgow, and made a good connection with the 
West Indies, not only enabling him to place 
his family on a high footing, but also to benefit 
in no small degree struggling Northerners, 
who through his influence obtained excellent 
positions in the West Indies and the Plantations. 

Mr. Macbean married Ann Smith, and had a 
family of ten, of whom I need only refer to 
William, the sixth, and Duncan, the seventh sons. 

For nearly fifty "years Mr. Ludovic Macbean 
may be said to 
have been at 

the head of 

Highlanders 
and all High- 
land move- 
ments in Glas- 
gow. In his 
factor's ac- 
counts, there 
are several 
charges for 
supplying 'tar- 
tan for Ludo- 
vic' when a 
child. He 
died, greatly 
lamented, and 
was succeeded 
by his son, 
Vi.— William 
Macbean, 6th 
of his family, 
as before men- 
tioned. This 
William did 
not long sur- 
vive, d\-ing un- 
married at 
Tomatin on the 
9th June, 182-2. 
Mr. Macbean 
lived a good 
deal in the 
North, and 
seems to have 
farmed the 
lands of Bal- 
phadrick, near 

Inverness. He was succeeded by his brother, 
VII. — Duncan Macbean. This Duncan, like 
his father, was extensively engaged in business 
in Glasgow and the West Indies, and main- 
tained, if indeed he did not surpass the useful 
position occupied by his father. 

Duncan married Jean Moore, 7th November, 
1814, and had a family of thirteen. 

In this Mr. Macbean's time, Celtic feeUng, 
which has now arrived at such a great pitch. 




THE KIXDHilKX VrAhlTT .VF Tu.M.ATI.N. 



began to assert itself in Glasgow, and Mr. 
Macbean was at its head. I have been so 
much struck with the stalwartness of Glasgow 
Celts at the 15th anniversary of a festive 
gathering held on 17th March, 1851, with Mr. 
Macbean as croupier, that I cannot resist 
making one or two quotations from the toast 
list. The number of toasts was actually 28. 
No. 1-4 — "Tir nam beann, nan gleann, 's nam 

breacan." 
No. 18— "Cridhe eutrom, agus sporan trom." 
No. 28— "Am 
fear uach treig 
a chompan- 
ach." It may 
be doubted 
whether such a 
list in these 
degenerate 
days, if gone 
through as sys- 
tematically as 
was wont to be 
done, would not 
have the effect 
of placing every 
one under the 
table. I select 
the above three, 
and draw atten- 
tion to the 
change that 
has taken place 
in the first, and 
should be glad 
to know when 
the alteration 
to the present 
form first 
occurred. The 
Caledonian 
Bank was foun- 
ded iu 1838, 
and the words 
on it, "Nan 
Gaisgeach , " 
instead of 
'■ Nam breac- 



an, 



are now 



uni ver sally 
used. Duncan was succeeded by his eldest 
son and third child, 

VIII. — Ludovic jMacbean, who succeeded his 
father on 11th May, 1854, and died unmarried, 
10th January, 1862, being succeeded by his 
brother, 

IX. — William Macbean, 11th of his father's 
family, who became a colonel in the army and 
married, but died without issue, 3rd August, 
1879, when he was succeeded by the present 



174 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



X. — Lachlan Macbean, 12th of his family, born 
16th February, 1833. Mr. Macbean married 
on the 10th June, 1862, Miss Jane Macbean 
Moore, and he, like his father, had thirteen 
children. Duncan Moore, his second child, 
born 19th March, 186-1, is his heir, and will 
ultimately succeed to, and represent the old 
and respected family of Tomatin. 

There are many eminent Macbeans spread 
over the North and abroad. Take Sir James 
Macbean, a native of Inverness; the Macbeans 
of Ardclach, of whom sprung the late worthy 
and learned Mr Eneas Macbean. W.S , friend 
and intimate of Sir Walter Scott; the Macbeans, 
long Consuls at Leghorn, afterwards in Rome, 
at whose hospitable board were for years to be 
found the elite of Scottish gentry, and casual 
sojourners, and which after the lapse of thirty 
years I gladly recall. Space alone prevents 
adding more. 

The next tribe to be dealt with, ere I leave 
Strathnairn and Strathdearn, is that of Mac- 
phail and the family of Inverairnie, to be 
followed by Macqueen. 

(Til be continued.) 



THE QUEEN OF THE HEBRIDES. 



By W. C. Mackenzie, London. 



c^in\,Y this imposing title is Lewis, the princi- 
yH^, pal island of the Hebrides, locally, if 
==^ not generally, known. The word 
"Lewis" is probably derived from a combina- 
tion of 'Liot,' or 'Leod,' and ' hus ' = Leodhus, 
signifying, in Norse, "the house of the people." 
Martin gives it a Celtic origin, but present day 
antiquarians are agreed that the name is non- 
Celtic. To be strictly accurate, Lewis is not an 
island at all, for Harris, "where the tweeds 
come from," must be reckoned with, in entitling 
it to that distinction. " Lewis- with- Harris " is 
the correct designation of the combined island- 
territory. As Parliamentary divisions, how- 
ever, Lewis and Harris are distinct; for while 
the former is part — and an important part — of 
Ross and Cromarty, the latter, like Skye, forms 
a portion of the constituency of Inverness-shire. 
The area of Lewis is 404,000 acres, and its 
population approximates 30,000, of which 
number nearly seven-eighths are crofters, or 
fishermen, or both. Stornoway is the capital 
of the island. Like Lewis, the name is supposed 
to be of Norse origin, meaning ' the Governor's 
Bay'— (from Srn,inai=a Governor). It is a 
clean and well built town, overlooking a 
charming bay, which constitutes one of the 



finest harbours in Scotland. From small 
beginnings, in which the Fife adventurers, to 
whom James VI. gifted the island, played a 
leading part, the town has grown to be the 
chief commercial and political centre of the 
West Highlands. Its inhabitants have, by 
their enterprise and intelligence, achieved 
results in the development, more particularly, 
of the fishing industry, of which they may well 
be proud. 

The herring fishery is prosecuted most 
vigorously during the months of May and 
June, when boats from all parts of Scotland 
unite with the native wherries in forming a 
fleet of nearly a thousand sail, each manned by 
a crew of, generally, seven men. During the 
season, the population of Stornoway is therefore 
of a very heterogeneous description. On a 
Saturday night, the streets of the town are 
crowded with fishermen, and the Highland 
accent of the Lewismen and Argyllshiremen 
may be heard contrasting strangely with the 
broad Doric of Buckie and Wick ; whilst an 
occasional conversation in Gaelic lends further 
variety to the babel of sounds. Even the 
south of England accent is not wanting, for 
representatives of English " fresh buyers " and 
"kipperers" find their way to the remote 
island, and share in the scaly spoils of the 
Minch. Years ago, it was no uncommon thing 
to find smacks from the Channel Islands 
berthed at the quay, laden inwards with salt or 
other fishing accessories, and outwards with 
barrels of cured herrings, destined for the 
Continental markets. But steam has taken the 
wind out of the sails of these trim craft, and 
the berths that once knew them now know 
them no more. 

One of the most pleasing sights imaginable 
is to watch the herring fleet proceeding sea- 
wards on a fine June evening. The beauty of 
the scene is enhanced by the glorious sunsets 
of those regions, deepening into the mysterious 
twilight which softens every point of the lands- 
cape. The fishermen, however, are more intent 
upon the prospects of a good haul than upon 
the charms of nature which surround them. 
The season is short, and they must make the 
most of it, for their " wives, and mithers, and 
bairns" at home must be fed somehow. 
Dependent as they are upon a capricious sea 
and upon weather no less changeable, it is but 
natural that the fishermen should have an 
anxious time. In former years, the crews hired 
themselves to the curers for the season at a 
fixed rate per cran (a "cran " is four baskets); 
and the bounty which they received at the 
commencement of the season tended to mitigate 
the disappointments of small catches. Now, 
however, they have to take their chance of the 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



fluctuations of the markets, for their fish is sold 
daily by auction. Big catches mean, as a rule, 
low prices, and vice-ivisn, so a bumper season 
need not necessarily be better — if so good — for 
the fishermen, in a pecuniary sense, than a 
succession of small or moderate hauls. And, 
of course, the quality of the fish and the state 
of the markets in the South and elsewhere 
must regulate the ideas of buyers, thus re-acting 
in turn upon the gains of the fishermen. 

Formerly, the bulk of the season's catch was 
cured for the Continental markets, but within 
recent years, the home trade iu fresh fish has 
increased enormously. Added to this, the 
great development of " kippering," or smoke 
drying, and the decreased demand from the 
Continent, have caused the curing branch of 
the industry to assume considerably less 
important proportions. 

After June, the herring fishing is carried on 
with more or less success by local boats. A 
large number of Lewismen make an annual 
expedition to the East Coast of Scotland, where 
they sometimes do exceedingly well, enabling 
them, upon their return, to pay their debts to 
the Stornoway shopkeepers, and lay by some- 
thing against the hard winter. It is Cjuite a 
Godsend to the island generally when success 
thus meets their efibrts, and, conversely, a 
general calamity when fate is unkind towards 
them. 

In winter, line fishing for cod, ling, and 
haddock is largely prosecuted by the native 
fishermen. The incidental dangers, owing to 
the terrific gales, and the want of proper har- 
bour accommodation, are great and frequent, 
and everj' now and again one hears of fishing 
disasters on the coast of Lewis, as often as not 
of distressing magnitude. 

But the Lewisman is not only a fisherman : 
he is also a crofter, or tenant of a small holding. 
When he is away at the fishing, his wife and 
daughters attend to the land. For the Lewis 
woman is not a puny, small-boned creature ; 
but very much the reverse. Her industry is 
untiring, and its results are amazing. She is 
a true helpmeet, and it is well for the husbands 
and fathers that such is the case. I'ndoubtedly, 
the wife is the 'better half in a particular 
sense, for she does more work iu the year than 
her husband. She cuts the peat fuel, tills the 
ground, and, withal, never fails in the wifely 
duties of more highly civilised communities. 
She looks decidedly picturesque in her blue 
petticoat, wincey bodice, and gaudy handker- 
chief adorning the head. Her brown healthy 
complexion tells of constant exposure to the 
weather, and her soft eyes have the timid look 
of a frightened fawn. Her big creel of fish 
or eggs, strapped over her shoulders, appears 



a formidable load for a tramp of perhaps a 
dozen miles or njore, but she carries the weight 
as unconcernedly as she dispenses with the use 
of boots and stockings ; and she whiles away 
the time by crooning softly a plaintive Gaelic 
melody, to which the incessant click of her 
knitting-needles forms the accompaniment. 

Fishing and crofting combined too often 
barely suffice to keep the wolf from the Lewis- 
man's door, and his puverty is in many cases 
l)oth intense and chronic. The congestion of 
the rural population in Lewis is appalling, and 
is rendered more acute by the existence of a 
landless class, known as cottars or squatters, 
who ' squat ' on the crofts of their relatives, 
thus accentuating the cramped conditions of 
existence. 

Kelp burnmg, once an important industry, 
has fallen into desuetude since barilla came 
into use for the manufacture of soap and glass; 
and the iodine mai-ket is now almost entirely 
in the hands of Chili. 

In certain parts of the island, Scandinavian 
characteristics are very pi-omiuent. The men 
in those parts are distinguishable from the 
purely Celtic types by their greater height and 
by their fairness of hair. Evidences of Norse 
settlement iu the island are apparent in the 
numerous place-names wnich have a Scandi- 
navian termination. The names of several 
townships end iu 'host,' meaning, in Norse, 
" an inhabited place " : a name such as Swain- 
bost, a compound of ' Sweyn ' and ' bost ' — is 
singularly suggestive of Viking days 

(Generally speaking, the Lewisman has a 
splendid physique. This was commented upon 
by H. R H. the Duke of Edinburgh, who 
publicly declared that the Lewis Naval Reserve 
force was the finest body of men he had seen, 
during his tour of inspection throughout the 
kingdom, some years ago. At a time when 
really good sailors are iu such recjuest for our 
Navy, the Admiralty might well pay special 
attention to the island as a recruiting ground 
Ukely to yield fruitful results. Lewismen are 
born sailors and would prove second to none in 
maintaining the traditions of the Navy. For 
the Army they have lost all taste, and although 
at one time the Lewis contingent was one of 
the most important in, more particularly, the 
78th Regiment ;Seaforth Highlanders) the 
recruiting sergeant now finds the island a 
hopeless field of operations. They willingly 
join the militia, but their attachment to home, 
or other reasons, preclude willing enlistment in 
the regulars. 

The home of the average Lewis crofter is of 
primitive simplicity. The walls are of loose 
stones, and the roof is of thatch, secured by 
ropes of heather, which are weighted by stones 



176 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



at the ends. The thatch, after being thoroughly 
saturated with smoke — for there is no 
chimney — is taken down periodically and used 
as field dressing. The peat-reek is a useful 
antiseptic, counteracting successfully the effects 
of the insanitary conditions which exist. The 
door of the cottage is of the rudest description, 
and the windows are sometimes remarkable by 
their absence. The fire is situated in the 
centre of the earthern floor, and the smoke 
makes its exit as best it can. But these 
conditions are gradually disappearing, and 
better types of cottages are being built. No 
longer, in many cases, do crofter and cattle 
have the close intimacy, nor form the ' happy 
home,' of popular imagination. 

(2o be concluded.) 



GEORGE R. MUNROE, HUDDERSFIELD 




|p|ra|HE particular branch of 
W^ the Munro clan to which 
*j;** Mr. George R. Munroe 
belongs, has been settled for 
many generations in the parish 
of Dornoch, SutherlandshLre ; it 
has produced many men of note, 
the Munros of Bolton and Hanley being at the 
present time well known representatives. Mr. 
Munroe was born at Preston in 1858, his father, 
Richard Munroe, being a Superintendent of 
the Prudential Insurance Company. When 
six years of age he was removed to Hudders- 
tield, where his father had commenced business. 
It was at first intended to educate George for 
the teaching profession, in view of which he 
received a two years' course of training hi the 
preparatory college, but his own inclinations 
tended in a different direction. He took up 
the insurance profession, in which he made 
excellent progress, and when his father retired 
from business in 1887 he was promoted to the 
position of Superintendent of North Hudders- 
field. That the choice was a wise one is 
evidenced by the fact that his district is 
known throughout the insurance world for the 
percentage of the people insured, and the 
stability and class of the connection. Much of 
this success is due to the energy of Mr. 
Munroe's father, who was one of the ablest 
representatives the Prudential Company ever 



In social circles Mr. Munroe is well known 
and popular. He is Secretary of the Hudders- 
field St. Andrews Society, the Angling Associa- 
tion, and he is also a member of the Curling 
Club. In 18924 he represented rart(wn 
Ward on the County Borough Council. It 



may be interesting to mention that he holds 
certificates as a teacher of science, art and 
music, and also as a drill instructor — certainly 
a remarkable variety of qualifications for an 
active business man. 

In politics Mr. Munro is a staunch radical, 
and at election times he has proved himself an 
able public speaker. He is married and has 
three girls and one boy, George — a name 
always represented in the branch of the clan 
in Sutherland from which he is descended. 



THE HIGHLANDERS OF SCOTLAND. 



BY EX-DEAN OF GUILD DAVID MACDONALD, ABERDEEN. 

(Continued from page 148). 

The National Dress. 

Both the truis and the philibeg, plaid and 
bonnet, formed the dress of the Highlander at a 
very early period. The truis, it is said by some 
authorities, was used chiefly by the upper classes 
when Journeying on horseback ; but the kilt 
was the national costume, and dates from the 
earliest period. It was composed of a striped or 
chequered piece of cloth, about six yards long 
and two broad, and was disposed in plaits round 
the body to which it was .secured by a belt, and 
fastened at the shoulder in such a way as to 
allow liberty of action to both arms. In fact 
the belted plaid was simply a piece of cloth 
gracefully disposed around the person in order 
to obviate the necessity for the workmanship of 
the tailor. The modern philibeg is- the original 
dress improved, and the alteration is affirmed to 
have taken place rather more than a century 
ago, when an Englishman, finding that his 
workmen were impeded in their operations by 
their dress, suggested that the belted plaid 
should be divided, and that a jacket should be 
substituted for the piece usually arranged round 
tlie shoulders. Indeed, the picturesque High- 
land costume of to-day bears little similarity to 
the dress which prevailed a couple of centuries 
ago. The sporran, which is now worn in front 
of the kilt, Wils then simply a small pocket 
usually made of goat's or badger's skin, or 
sometimes leather, and was a useful appendage. 
Now, however, it is little more than an ornament. 
Shoes and stockings are of comparatively recent 
date in the Highlands. Originally the inhabi- 
tants encased their feet in rivelins, made of 
untanned hide, cut to the size and shape of the 
foot, similar to those worn in Shetland. Nor 
was this a practice among the common people. 
Burt mentions that in the early part of the 
eighteenth century he visited a laird who was 
both educated and polite, and this was the only 




G. R. MUNROE. 



tHE OELTIO MONTHLY. 



m 



covering he had for his feet. When the tirst 
Highland regiments were embodied luindreds 
of the Highlanders entered the Lowlands with- 
out either shoes or stockings. Nothing in the 
•shape of a necktie was worn, and their shirts 
were made of woollen cloth. 

The Kilt an ideal Dre.ss. 
General Stewart states that among the cir- 
cumstances which inrtuenced the military 
character of the Highlander, their jieculiar garb 
was conspicuous, which, by its freedom and 
lightness, enabled them to use their limlis and to 
handle their arms with ease and celerity, and to 



move with great sjjeed with either cavalry or 
light infantry. In the wars of Gustavus Adol- 
phus, in the civil war of Charles I., and on 
various other occasions, they were often com- 
bined with the cavalry, affording to detached 
squadrons the incalculable advantage of support 
from infantry, even on their most rapid move- 
ments. 

Clan Tartans. 

The tartan of which the Highland dress is 

composed appears to be of very ancient design ; 

but no record, so far as known, exists as to when 

it was liisc introduced. The shepherd's tartan 




UNFURLING THE STANHAUD AT GLENFINNAN- ITJB. 



plaid is said to have existed from very remote 
antiquity amongst the Eastern nations of the 
world, and classic writers state that the same 
kind of cloth was in common use among the 
continental Celts at a very early date. It is 
somewhat remarkable, however, that notwith- 
standing the imperfect knowledge which existed 
many centuries ago with regard to the manufac- 
ture of colours, such excellent specimens of 
Highland tartan as have come down to us should 
have been manufactured in the Highlands. 
Stewart, in his sketches, says that " in dyeing 
and arranging the various colours of their tartans, 



they displayed no small art and taste, preserving 
at the same time the distinctive patterns (or sets 
as they were called) of the different clans, tribes, 
families, and districts. Thus a Macdonald, a 
Campbell, a Mackenzie, etc., was known by his 
plaid, and in like manner the Athole, Glenorchy, 
and other colours of different districts were 
easily distinguishable, 

THE HIGHLA.ND TARTAN, 



Dear to each Highland soldier's heart, 
The tartan of his clan, 



ITS 



TfiE OELTIC MONTHLY. 



Symbols of glory and of pride 

To every Highland man, 
Whether he dwell 'mid Athole's hills, 

Or where the winding Tay 
By Birnam's glens and forests fair, 

To ocean wends its way ; 
Or nearer to the northern star 

Where snows the mountains crown, 
And towering over silver lakes 

Stern peaks of granite frown. 

In every country, far and near, 

Where Highland men are known, 
The tartan plaid is greeted still 

With homage all its own : 
Still to the pibroch's stirring strains 

On many a foreign shore, 
The Highland clans press nobly on 

To victory, as of yore. 
True to traditions of the pa8t. 

True to their ancient fame, 
May Caledonia's children add 

Fresh glories to her name." 

Gaelic Literature — Seannchies, etc. 
Fragments of Celtic literature come down to 
us from the twelfth century. Tlie deeds of each 
sept or clan were treasured u[) by one of the 
retainers, who undertook the office of bard. 
This official was the keeper of the family record, 
or register, to which reference was made in all 
cases of disputed succession. The office was 
hereditary, and descended from father to son. 
The profession of medicine was transmitted in 
the same way. In those days wlien there were 
no medical institutions within reach, the know- 
ledge and e.Kperience requisite were best treasured 
up in particular families. Among others the 
Beatons flourished as great physicians, and can 
produce a long descent. The written characters 
in use among the Gaelic races is that which both 
they and the Saxons obtained from the Romans, 
and its introduction to Scotland and Ireland is 
supposed to have been contemporaneous with the 
introduction of the Christian faith. The Ossianic 
poetry, which has created a great deal of con- 
troversy, there can be no doubt is genuine. The 
first volume of this poetry was publi-shed in 1760 
by James Macpherson, under the title of " Frag- 
ments of Ancient Poetry, collected in the 
Highlands of Scotland," translated from the 
Gaelic or Erse language. The date of their 
composition is uncertain ; but from their spirit 
and strain, it is supposed they belonged to very 
remote antiquity. They were picked up from 
oral tradition — a rich store of poetry, which lias 
been handed down from age to age with religious 
care. 

Ale.xander Macdon.\ld. 
was a Gaelic bard of considerable fame, and it is 
said that he did more by his muse for the House 
of Stuart, than was accomplished by the sword. 



Macdonald is generally reckoned the most 
powerful and versatile of modern Gaelic poets. 
He sang the beauties of nature and the delights 
of love; praised the Gaelic tongue, the Highland 
dress, the Highland clans, the strong Scotch 
drink, with impassioned fervour, sometimes with 
humour ; he stands out most prominently. His 
poems are truly characterized by Professor 
Blackie, as having been " to the Rebellion of 
174.5 what the songs of Korner and Arndt were 
to the Liberation War of the Germans in 1813." 
One verse from his song in praise of the tartan, 
which the Professor has partially tran.slated, 
concentrates the sentiment of that Rebellion in 
a bold figure, reminding of the similar expression 
attributed to one of Napoleon's Old Guard : — • 

Let them tear our bleeding bosoms. 
Let them drain our latest veins, 
In our hearts is Charlie, Charlie, 
While a spark of life remains ! 

(To be continued). 



THE CAPTIVE CHIEF. 



A Legend of Colonsay. 



" ■It^^l''-^*-' y^ sweetly, oh! my sisters sing, and 
g*5^ lure the gallant chief, 

'^^ Who wanders in the gloaming where ye 
haunt the rocky bay, 
Wake with your songs a longing, that shall find no 
balm for grief, 
Till he sinks beneath the billows, .and is lost to 
earth for aye." 

" In oar green and amber grottos cool, with spark- 
ling gems bedight. 
He shall see the wondrous beauty of the daughters 
of the deep ; 
Shall forget his dark-haired Morag's eyes, when j 
through the breakers white. 
His wild white horses foaming pUinge, with 
furious, onward sweep." 

<!)n the headland stands young Roderick, chieftain 
of a valiant race, 
Strives to catch the gleam of golden tress, of 
beckoning lily hand. 
To hear the rippling laughter — see some lovely, 
wistful face 
Peering from the eddying sea-weeds that ring 
the rocky strand. 

He has gone from bower and baiKjuet hall, from 

mountain, moor, and glen; 
Vanished in the utter silence of a dim, mysterious 

fate ; 
There are wailings sore of women, curses deep and 

stern of men, 
Vengeance dire shall strike the fueman who has 

made them desolate. 

Seven moons have slowly circled — seven weary 
months have crept, 



tMi; O^LTIO MONTHLY. 



\n 



In Colonsay's grey stronghold all is sadness now 
and gloom, 
Dark-haired Moray's eyes are heavy with the tears 
she has not wept, 
Her step has lost its lightness, and her cheek its 
roseate bloom. 

" Come, oh! visions of lay slumber I tell me where 
my love is laid; 
I would climb the snowy mountain height where 
foot of man ne'er trod, 
Search the fearful, haunted fastnesses, by horrors 
undismayed. 
Strong in a woman's deathless love, and trusting 
in my God." 

And the fair dream-angel entered on the moon- 
beams glimmering white, 
Whispered of the homes of beauty in the king- 
dom of the waves, 
" 'Neath the hoary Corrybreckan tossing high in 
wrath and might. 
Dwells thy lover with the sea-maids in their 
green and amber caves." 

" Help me now, oh, blessed Mary ! help me by thy 
power to take 
From the soul-less ocean creatures this ones oul 
I fain would win, 
I would brave all mortal anguish, dare all terrors 
for his sake. 
Could I but break his thraldom — snatch him 
back from deadly sin." 

" On my crucifix of gold I swear in Jesu's sacred 
name, 
Life for his life to offer — love's most precious 
sacrifice, 
If I may rend his fetters, drag him from the pit of 
shame. 
Through death to open wide for him the gates of 
Paradise." 

O'er the ghostly track of moonlight pale the tiny 
banjue speeds on, 
Thr(_>ugh the rush and roar of billows, where 
ijuivering lightenings play ; 
To save her captive lover dark-haired Morag forth 
has gone ; 
Ah! shall she win him back, or must his soul be 
lost for aye t 

Plunged in fathomless abysses, whirled aloft 
through flying wrack. 
To Mary, blessed motherl prays the maid with 
sobbing breath. 
For, alas ! if love prevails not, there can be no 
turning back, 
Destruction waits ; before her yawns the ravenous 
jaws of death. 

Tresses streaming, white arms turning, through the 
misty clouds are seen. 
Lovely faces jeer and mock her, darting, circling 
round the prow. 
As she marks her stolen lover floating by the radiant 
queen, 
" Dear Jesu ! blessed Mary ! nerve my heart to 
save him now." 

Thrice the holy symbol raising, thrice she calls on 
Jesu's name. 



Rings her frenzied cry of pleading o'er the water's 

sullen roar. 
And the baffled wild sea creatures howling flee in 

wrath and shame. 
As she clasps her rescued lover, safe within her 

arms once more. 

[n tower and banquet hall again young Roderick 
takes his place. 
Within the ancient castle reigns the joy so long 
denied, 
The brooding cloud of sorrow melts from dark- 
haired Morag's face, 
At Mary's hallowed shrine have knelt fcjud bride- 
groom, gentle bride. 

Still Corrybreckan's thunders roll around the 
rugged shore. 
The sea-weed garlands wreathe the rocks the 
churning water laves, 
But the fair mermaiden.s are not, they are gone for 
evermore, 
Mortal eye shall ne'er behold them in their green 
and amber caves. 

Note,— Perhaps the most beautiful and romantic 
of all the ancient beliefs connected with Corry- 
breckan, is that which locates the homes of the 
mermaids beneath the mighty whirlpool. The 
legend runs that one of those lovely but soul-less 
creatures having fallen passionately in love with 
the handsome young Chief of Colonsay, lured him 
away and held him an unwilling captive for many 
months. How he obtained release is not very 
clearly stated ; several versions of his escape being 
given. I have taken the liberty of effecting it by 
means of an earthly maiden's love and devotion, 
a medium not (jut of keeping 1 trust with the 
romance of the situation. 

Janet A. M'Culloch. 



KENMORE, LOCH TAY. 



Xil/^iOULD spot be fairer, darling, 
T|^!M Of all fair spots on earth, 

3^^' To live, and love, and sigh in, 

And weep, and sleep, and die in. 
For penance after quarr'Uing, 

For musing after mirth ; 

Could spot be fairer, darling, 

Of all fair spots on earth ! 

Does time e'er tread as kindly 

On other nooks as this ! 
With footstep light and airy. 
Yet delicately wary. 
Lest we should deem designedly 

Too swift or slow he is — 
Does time e'er tread as kindly 

On other nooks as this t 

Could nature's face more witching 
Smile to us, sweet, than liere ! 

With dawn's own lusty greeting. 

And noon's warm heart-beats beating j 

With eve's still gaze, enriching 
The promise of a tear ; 

Coidd nature's face more witching 
Smile to us, sweet, than here I 

M. AliAMtSON. 



\80 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



THE LATE JOHN CAMPBELL, LEDAIG. 




^ 



IGHLANDEllS all the world over will 



===— John Campbell, Ledaig, Argyllshire, 
the Gaelic bard, whose sougs are sung, and 
whose memory is revered, in every laud where 
Highlanders have wandered. He was buried 
in Achnaba Churchyard on 8th May. Many 
of his songs have been translated, several by 
hia old friend, the late Professor Blackie. An 
interesting sketch of John CauipbelFs life and 
works appeared in our first volume, with por- 
trait and view of his picturesque cottage under 
the shadow of Dunvalanree. Copies of this 
issue (Jan., 1893) may still be had at our office. 



DHEALBHACH A' BHEOIL 
BHOIDHICH. 



Air fqnn — " T^ hhanail nun yruaidh rusarh," le 
Eohhan Mac CoUa. 

Sbisd ; — O's duilich, duilich, duilich mi, 
O duilich, duilich, bronach, — 
O 'a duilich anna a' nihadainn mi, 
'S tha 'm feaagar dhonih gun sholas. 

O 'a duilich fad an latha mi, 

Neo-aighearach an comhnaidh, — 

'S an oidhche cha d' thoir aaorsa dhomh 
O 'n ghaol a ghlac cho 6g mi. 

O 'a duilich, etc. 



A rlgh ! gur cruaidh an saoghal so, 
Gun fhaoilt'ann dhomh no dbchas, — 

Mo leannan thall thar cliuaintean uam, 
'S fear-fuadain aice pbada. 

O 's duilich, etc. 

O, dona 'n uair a dh' fhalbh mi uait, 
'The' dhealbhach a' bheoil bhuidhich, — 

O, b' fhearr gu 'm b' ann 'a a' chill bha mi 
Mu 'n d' thill mi gun thu conihl' rium ! 
O 'a duilich, etc. 

A fhleaagaich big 'tha 'n geall air te, 
Na teann am feaad ri bbilich, — 

Na fag do leannan gaolach-aa, 
I\Iur caomh leat a bhi bronach. 
O 'a duiUch, etc. 

Tha mise 'n a m' bhall-aampuill dhnit 

Air deireadh dubh na gbraich, 
Mo ghaol aig fear nan liath-chiabhag, 

'S a chiall ! cha chluinn i m' oran ! 
O 'a duilich, etc. 

R. Fraser Mackbkzie. 



Shinty Notes, — The Inveraray club defeated 
Kinguaaie by 5 hails to 2, after a well contested 
match. — Lord Lovat presented the Camanachd 
Ti-ophy to the Beauly club, who by defeating Brae 
Lochaber have won the Association championship 
for the year. — In our opinion, however, there is no 
team in Britain can defeat Inveraray ; we say this 
much frankly, although we belong to the Cowal 
club, which is perhaps their oldest and moat 
formidable opponent. A match between Beauly 
and the Lochfyne men would decide the champion- 
ahip. — The Glasgow Cowal are to play the Dublin 
Hurling Club at Celtic Park, Glasgow, on Saturday,^ 
5th June. There is aure to be a large turn out of 
spectatora. — On the 12th June, at Moray Park, the 
Cowal play the return match with the Kyles of 
Bute club, whom they defeated recently at Kames. 
— The Edinburgh clubs seem to have stopped 
practice for the aeaaon. For three years the Cowal 
have tried hard to induce the Camanachd to give 
them a match, either in Edinburgh or Glasgow, 
but without success. They seemed disposed to 
only play clubs they are sure of beating, but that 
is poor sport. They will not even play the Cowal 
second team ! — The London Highland Athletic 
Club and the Gaelic (Irish) Athletic Association 
have arranged a match to be played in London on 
7th June. 

How TO READ Gaelic ; orthographical in.struc- 

TIONS and reading LE.SSONS, BY JoHN WhYTE. 

Inverness : " Northern Chronicle " Office. 
This is a most valuable aid to the acquisition of 
Gaelic, and has been specially prepared to meet the 
requirements of the official Gaelic scheme adapted 
to the code. It covera the firat atage as a apecifio 
subject, and for first year pupil teachers. Anyone 
who has a desire to learn to read Gaelic could not 
procure a more useful hand-book than this. It is 
published at the small sum of One Shilling, and is 
ta.stefully printed and bound. 




WILLIAM GRANT MACGREGOR. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY': 

A MAGAZINE FOR HIGHLANDERS. 

Edited by JOHN MACKAY, Glasgow. 



No. 10. Vol. V.] 



JULY, 1897. 



[Price Threepence. 



WILLIAM GRANT MACGREGOR, 
LON DON. 




m 



^^ B O U T t h e 
JtV time that 
"WK the penal 
statutes were in full 
force against the 
MacGregors, a small 
sept of the royal and 
ancient clan, driven 
by these cruel laws 
from the home of 
their ancestors, were 
permitted by the Laird of Grant to settle down 
upon a narrow strip of land in Strathspey to the 
north of the village of Grantown. The spot 
became and is still known as Lynmacgregor. 
The humble colony increased and spread nortli- 
ward, and in process of time acquired a name 
and habitation among the small farming settle- 
ments of Camerorie and Uottertown, where their 
descendants still live. It is to this sept that 
the subject of our present sketch belongs. 

He was born on the farm of Achr.arrow, 
situated among the braes of Castle Grant — a 
fairer spot than which in his estimation it would 
be difficult to find on this green earth. His 
maternal grand-parents were both Grants, as 
was also his ]5aternal grandmother, so that there 
is a strong admi.xture of the blood of this clan 
in his veins. His education was acquired first 
at one of the local schools, and afterwards at 
the Grammar School at Grantown. His parents 
belonged to the small Baptist community in 
Grantown, and were imbued with a deep 
religious feeling. His early knowledge of Gaelic 
was acquired by the reading of the scriptures in 
his mother tongue at family worship, a duty 



strictly enjoined by his parents. Both now 
sleep side by side in the quiet picturesque 
churchyard of Cromdale, and on the stone 
which he has erected to their memory, there is 
inscribed, in the language dear to them as it 
still is to him, '■ Gus an coinnich sinn a ris 's an 
(lachaidh ghlbrmhor shona iid an toabh t/ialldo'n b/ias." 

When in his sixteenth year an ofl'er of an 
apprenticeship in London was accepted, and 
soon after he arrived, an utter stranger, in 
the great Metropolis. He had the good fortune 
to receive an introduction to the Young Men's 
Christian Association in Aldersgate Street, 
where for several years he was a diligent student 
in the French, German, and other classes held 
in connection with that u.seful institution. At 
the close of one of the sessions he was named 
by the Professor as the winner of the '• Samuel 
Morley Prize" for German. In the midst of 
other studies, we need hardly mention that his 
native Gaelic was not forgotten, on the contrary 
he procured and read every Gaelic work within 
reach. It was during those years that he made 
the acquaintance of his kinsman, the late 
Professor Grant, F.R.S. — one of Strathspey's 
most distinguished sons. Mr. MacGregor gave 
some little assistance in the translation of 
Arago's "Popular Astronomy" — "lent a hand," 
as the Professor generously used to sny — and 
from that time astronomy became his favourite 
study among the sciences. He is a Fellow of 
the Royal Astronomical Society. 

Very soon after his arrival in London Mr. 
MacGregor was attracted by the preaching of 
the late Mr. Spurgeon. He was baptised by 
Mr. Spurgeon in New Park Street Chapel, and 
became a member of his church. The celebrated 
preacher soon discovered a warm regard and 
friendship for his young adherent, and proposed 
him as an officer of the church. For nearly 
twenty years he was continuously at work in 
connection with the various organisations at the 
Metropolitan Tabernacle, being President of the 
Young Men's Society and the Elder's Bible 
Class for fifteen years, and for ten years con- 
ducted a service on Sunday evening with the 



m 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



boys of the Stockwell Orphanage. From these 
and other societies he has received several 
testimonials, but the one which he prizes most 
is an illuminated address signed by Mr. Spurgeon 
and the other trustees of the Orphanage, and 
presented to him in recognition of his services 
to that institution. 

In 1879 Mr. jMacGregor paid a visit to South 
Africa, where he spent six months, and made 
the acquaintance of Bishop Colenso, and other 
notable men. He saw the wounded and dying 
brought into hospital after the Battle of Ekowe, 
among whom were several officers and soldiers 
who had been his fellow travellers from England. 
Five years later he visited the Australasian 
Colonies, returning home by way of the States 
and Canada after an absence of nearly a whole 
year. This was followed by another visit to 
the Colonies in 1889, including a stay of some 
time in Egypt and Ceylon. In addition to this 
he has travelled in every country in Europe 
with the exception of Russia, Turkey, and 
Greece, and of all his wanderings has kept 
detailed and interesting records. 

From schoolboy days he has been devoted to 
athletic sports, has played cricket and lawn 
tennis, rides, rows, skates, and plays a good 
game at bowls and quoits, while as a mountain 
climber he claims that he has never been beaten. 
His latest hobby is tlie game of golf, being a 
member of the London Scottish and other clubs. 
Last year he was captain of both the Bexhill 
and Finchley clubs, and held the challenge cup 
of the latter during the year of his captaincy. 

Mr. MacGregor, as already stated, is a Fellow 
of tlie Royal Astronomical Society, of the Royal 
Geograjihical Society, and of the Royal Colonial 
Institute ; he is a Life Governor of the Royal 
Caledonian Asylum and of the Scottisli Hospital; 
a member of the City Liberal Club, and a Life 
member of the Clan Gregor Society. He is 
deeply attached to everything connected with 
his native Highlands ; Scottish songs, pipe 
music, and Highland dancing never fail to 
arouse his enthusiasm. No one can give a 
heartier grip of the hand to fellow Highlanders 
than he, especially when he meets them in 
distant lands. 

Death has of late years been making sad 
havoc among the ties which at one time bound 
him so closely to the Highlands, but ever since 
the death of his parents, and chiefly as a humble 
tribute to their memory, he has not allowed a 
year to pass without sending pecuniary help to 
the poor of his native strath, thus carrying out 
the spirit of the motto — 

" Lean gu dliith ri cliu do shmnsir 
S na dibir a bhitli mar iadsan.' 



THE QUEEN OF THE HEBRIDES. 



By W. C. Mackenzie, London. 



{Continued from page 17G.) 

|pJH|HE Lewis people, like the Hebrideans and 
V^ the Highlanders generally, are nothing 
<>-^^ if not hospitable. They give of their 
best to the stranger without seeking fee or 
reward — an ofl'er of which would hurt tljeir 
pride. For they are proud — these islanders, 
but it is the pride of self-respect and native 
dignity. They greet the stranger with a kindly 
reference to the weather. Tfia latha math 
ami — " This is a fine day " — is a form of saluta- 
tion which is an innocent way of showing their 
friendliness, however alarming it may sound to 
the Sassenach hearer. Long may they remain 
uncontaminated by any influences which might 
have a tendency to weaken their primitive . 
virtues. 

Their amusements are few and simple. The 
austere attitude of a fast disappearing race of 
ministers towards worldly pleasures has left its 
mark on them, and they are only now recovering 
from the influence of that grim n'l/hne. Music, 
dancing and other innocent amusements were 
frowned upon "as wiles of Satan — but under 
brighter auspices, the people are now recognising 
the fact that a healthy enjoyment of life is not 
incompatible with their religious professions. 

Like all Hebrideans, they are intensely 
religious. Fed upon oatmeal and tlie Psalms of 
David, they have derived physical grit from the 
former and spiritual fervour from the latter. 
And their environment has intensified the 
religious instinct which seems to be inherent in 
the islesmen of the West. The melancholy 
sough of the sea with the sobbing accompani- 
ment of the wind ; the lone and desolate moor- 
land, which forms so large a projjortion of the 
island ; these, combined with their isolation 
from the outer world, have produced a tempera- 
ment which, if somewhat morbid, is nevertheless 
peculiarly susceptible to religious influences. 
Their religion is tempered by poetry and 
fatalism, for every Hebridean has a dash of 
poetry in his constitution, and no less does he 
inherit a disposition to bow to destiny. Ma tha 
sin an Dan — "If it be ordained" — is his uncom- 
plaining comment, as he bares his neck to the 
axe of misfortune or death. Tlie Lewisnian is 
a staunch Presbyterian, and is devotedly 
attached to the tenets of that body. The 
adherents of the Free Church predominate, 
although the ' Moderates ' — to use a term which 
is still currently applied to the adherents of the 
Auld Kirk — have also a fair following. The 



THB CELTIC MONTHLY. 



183 



United Presbyterians are represented by one 
congregation only. The amenities between these 
bodies, which were in former years sutHciently 
striking, have been softened by time, a lietter 
knowledge of one another, nnd a more charitable 
attitude towards differences of opinion. 'Frees,' 
'Moderates,' and 'U.P.'s' now meet on the 
same platform, literally as well as figuratively. 

The bi-annual " sacraments " of the Lewis 
churches are observed with impressive solemnity. 
Held as they sometimes are in the open air, 
when the weather permits, the meetings are in 
some respects suggestive of Covenanting times. 
An air of deep devotion and earnestness charac- 
terises the congregations which are gathered 



together on these occasions. On " question 
day," the lay element is greatly in evidence. 
Knotty theological points are freely discussed, 
and personal "experiences" arc thrillingly 
related by tlie successors of " the men " who 
were once such a religious power in the Hi':;h- 
lands. And the tables are " fenced " at the 
present day as rigorously as ever they were. 

It goes without saying that superstition finds 
a congenial home in Lewis. It is ingrained in 
the very nature of the people, and although its 
grosser forms have been eradicated by education 
and by more frequent contact with the great 
outside world, it still exerts a powerful inHuence 
over the minds of the simple crofter-fishermen. 




UPEN-AIU .SI'.KVICE IN LEWLS 



The old beliefs in fairies (Daoine Shi), in kelpies, 
in urisks, or brownies, are not now generally 
prevalent, and witches and witchcraft are 
relegated to a secondary place in popular imagi- 
nation. But ghostly visitations are still accepted 
as a cardinal article of faith, no less than the 
belief that the Evil One has not yet terminated 
his peregrinations upon earth. Signs and 
portents, which the scientific mind would scout 
as meaningless, are, by these credulous islanders, 
sometimes magnified into prophetic forecasts 
which subsequent events never fail to justify. 
The belief in " second-sight " is nearly as strong 
as ever, especially among the older people. 
The most famous of the Highland seers was a 



I<ewisman named Coinneach Odhar, whose 
career Lady Jeune has described in her " Lesser 
Questions." To this day, the name of Coinneach 
Odhar is mentioned in Lewis with bated breath. 
The geologist and the antiquary alike find in 
Lewis an interesting field of study. Laurentian 
gneiss, the name given by Sir Roderick Murchi- 
son to the oldest stratified rock in Scotland, 
forms the whole of the island. Striking monu- 
ments of the past exist in the Callanish Stones 
on the West coast. These consist of forty-three 
obelisks, of varying height, arranged in the form 
of a Latin cross, with a circle at the intersection, 
from which the wings radiate. They are locally 
known by a Gaelic name, signifying ' The 



184 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



Greeting Stones,' or ' The Stones of Mourning.' 
It must ever be a matter of conjecture whether 
or not the Callanish stones are relics of Druidism. 
Attempts have been made by modern anti- 
quarians to prove their non-Druidic character, 
but the mass of local evidence lies on the 
opposite side. It has been suggested that they 
may possibly be commemorative of a great 
Pictish victory, and other theories no less 
unsatisfactory have been put forward ; but iu 
Lewis, at least, their Druidic origin is never 
questioned. And it is a suggestive circumstance 
that the Gaelic jihiase, " I am going to the 
Stones," instead of " I am going to Church," 
may still occasionally be heard, thus apparently 
forming a connecting link between the pagan 
worship of bygone ages and the Presbyterianism 
of the j)resent day. The very name " Stones of 
Mourning '' appears to be suggestive of sacri- 
ficial offerings to appease an offended Deity. 
But whether the ruins of a Druidical temple, or 
monuments of a Pictish victory; whether of Celtic 
or non-Celtic origin, they are remarkable and 
superlatively interesting as relics of the remote 
past, and they afiord ample material for the 
imagination to work upon. The surrounding 
scenery, in its wild beauty, forms a setting to 
the picture which adds to its efi'ectiveness. 

West of the Druidical stones, at Carloway, 
there is a tower, evidently of Pictish origin, with 
a slope seawards. The history of this tower or 
fort is unknown, but from its commanding 
position, it was probably an important stronghold, 
and one may well imagine that many a bloody 
fray took place in its vicinity. 

In yet another part of the island — at Mealista, 
Uig — the remains of a nunnery have been 
discovered, near which is a shrine erected to the 
memory of St. Catan. In the same locality 
have been found a number of ebony figures, 
beautifully carved and evidently of very ancient 
manufacture. They are partially stained with 
a colour resembling beetroot, and are supposed 
to have been designed as chessmen. They may 
now be seen in the British Museum. 

Throughout the island there exist other 
remains interesting to the antiquarian or the 
geologist — notably a remarkable cave at Gress, 
near Stornoway, which is about two hundred 
feet in length — but those already enumerated 
are of the greatest general interest. 

The sceneiy of the island hardly entitles it to 
the regal name which heads this paper, it is 
bare, generally flat, and at first sight, would be 
pronounced decidedly uninteresting. Yet it is 
certainly not without a beauty of its own. The 
coast scenery is wild, bold and imposing, and 
the very solitude of the gloomy moorland in the 
interior, with the shifting lights of a summer 
gloaming playing upon it, has an impressiveness 



which charms whilst it, perhaps, oppresses. 
And in certain parts of the island the beauty 
of landscape is delightfully variegated by a 
combination of hill and dale, loch and river. 
Except near Stornoway, the island is almost 
destitute of trees ; yet the rich bloom of the 
heather, with its delicious scent, and the sun- 
starred bosom of the ocean with its resonant 
music, are substitutes which delight the senses 
equally with the soft verdancy of woodland 
scenery. 

The climate of Lewis is moist, but the natives 
seem to be impervious to damp, for they display 
a contemptuous inditierence towards the elements 
which the stranger may well envy. There are 
no extremes of heat and cold : a scorching 
summer is as great a rarity as a hard winter. 
For this equable state of the temperature the 
Lewis people have to thank their good friend 
the Gulf Stream, which bathes the shores of the 
island with its generous warmth. 

It only remains to add that the " Queen of the 
Hebrides " passed last year into the possession 
of Mr. Donald Matheson, after the death of 
Lady Matheson, who had a life interest in the 
estate. Her husband, the late Sir James 
Matheson, a well-known merchant, at one time 
M. P. for Ross and Cromarty, and Chairman of 
the Peninsular and Oriental Steamship Company,, 
bought the island for the sum of =£190,000 from 
the representatives of the Mackenzies of Sea- 
forth, who had dispossessed the Macleods of 
Lewis of their ancient heritage. Of the old 
castle of the Macleods, reduced to ruins by 
Cromwell's Ironsides, the remaining fragments 
disappeared a few years ago under the pressure 
of modern utilitarianism. Lewis Castle of the 
present day, overlooking Stornoway, is one of 
the finest specimens of the Tudor and castellated 
style in Scotland, and the grounds which 
surround it are tastefully laid out, the whole 
forming a charming picture. 

After all, the more one studies Lewis and its 
inhabitants, the less inclined one is to question 
the appropriateness of the title which local 
pride has conferred upon it. 

[Concluded.] 



DR. DONALD J. MACAULAY, HALIFAX. 



b' the many Highlanders who in recent 
years have distinguished themselves in 
the medical profession, there are few, 
we feel confident, who have achieved success so 
rapidly as the subject of this brief sketch. 

Dr. D. J. Maca'ulay is the son of the late Mr. 
John Macaulay, and was born at Balivanich, 
Benbecula, in the Outer Hebrides, on 9th May, 




Dr. D. J. MACAULAY. 




Mrs D. J. MACAU LAY. 



THE CIOLTIC MONTHLY. 



185 



1862. His education was acquired at the 
parish school (to and from which he had to 
walk eight miles daily), and later on at Glasgow 
Kelviuside Academy, and a private boarding 
school at Dumfries. Thereafter he entered 
Edinburgh University to study medicine, and 
also attended the Royal College of Surgeons. 
On leaving college he went to act as assistant to 
Dr. Cooke, of Ashton under Lyne, near Man- 
chester, where he remained three years, and left 
to start practice for himself in Halifax. Wlien 
tlie doctor went there he knew no one, but with 
the confidence of youth he pat up his brass 
plate, and waited for patients. There was 
evidently no immediate desire on the part of the 
good people of Halifax to seek the advice of the 
yo\ing Highland medical, and several weeks 
|)assed before a patient ventured to consult him. 
Then a few others dropped in, who seemed to 
derive benefit from his treatment, for they 
recommended friends, and in a very short period 
Dr. Macaulay found every moment of his time 
fully occupied. Unable at last to overtake his 
increasing practice he had to secure the services 
of an as.si.stant, and keep two horses, but not- 
withstanding these helps lie can hardly overtake 
his work. 

Two years ago he started the Halifax Golf 
Club, of which popular game he is himself very 
fond. He is a lionorary member of the St. 
John Ambulance Association of London, Hon. 
Surgeon to the Halifax Ambulance Brigade, 
and Lecturer on Nursing and Eirst Aid for the 
St. John Ambulance Association. He is a 
memlier of the Bradford Caledonian Society, 
and nothing gives him greater pleasure than to 
spend a few hours among his " brither Scots" 
at a meeting of tliis useful Society. Highland 
music and literature are his special hobbies ; a 
selection from Dr. K. N. Macdonald's ' Gesto 
Collection of Highland Music'' giving him more 
genuine delight than any music composed by 
the greatest masters could inspire. 

Six months after starting in Halifax he 
married Madge Burns Peattie, the youngest 
daughter of Mr. John Peattie, of Newington, 
Edinburgh, and to her kindly disposition, loving 
sympathy and encouragement, the doctor owes 
much of his success. She is an accomplished 
musician and artist. We have pleasure in giving 
lier portrait along with that of her husband- 

Dr. Macaulay is a LRCP., L R C S E., 
L.F.P.SG, and a F R.S G.S. 



GILLEAN AN FHEILIDH, 

(TUK LillS WITU TilK Km,]'.) 



Chorus — 

^~\f^jplTH light step springing across tlie heatlirr, 
V!\?M?> They come, tlie lads of the kilt and the 
feather. 
So bonnily shoulder to shoulder together, 

Mo ijhaol air giUean an fheilidh.* 

They bring the dash of the mountain torrent. 
The sway of the pine in their easy gait. 

The poise of the stag, the glance of the eagle, 
So proudly tliey march in their Highland state. 
Mo ijhmil air ijillnui on fheiUdh. 

The depth of the tarn in their winning glances, 
Just as the sunlight is glancing through, 

The rippling burn in their merry laujjhter, 
Speaking the stout heart, leal and true. 
Mo ijhaol oir ijiUeon oufhciIiiUi. 

Play to us, play to us, lads with the tartan, 
Cray as the streamers that tloat in the van, 

The glamour that speaks thro' the fairy chanterp. 
Gladdens the soul of each Hij;lihuul man. 
Mo,j}uwl,iir ijillniii.oiifh,;li,lh. 

Follow thee, follow thee, aye will we follow thee, 

Whithersoever ye choose to lead, 
Down thro' the valley or up o'er the mountains, 

The greater the peril, the braver the deed. 
Mo uhaol air cjillean aiiflwHidli. 

Well do they know it, when trouble is brewing, 
Where do they look for the men that are true? 

Where do they turn for the trust never failing? 
Where but to you, brave bonnets of blue. 
Mo ijhaol air gilleau an fhiiliilli. 

Alice C. MadDonell, 

of Keppoch. 
' My love to the lads with the kilt. 



A SONNET OF SUMMER. 



SuKGEON-CoLONEL J. M'Gregor's Jubilee Poems, 
"Victoria Maxima et Victoria Regina," have been 
graciously accepted by Her Majesty the Queen. 
The cover of the poems^ consisted ot| white !satin, 
specially designed and embroidered by Mrs M'Gregor. 
We believe it is intended to issue the poems shortly 
to the public as a new edition , and at a popular price. 



Hail 1 happy June, the bridegroom of the May, 
Come bounding over Time's green budding hill, 
Showering the riches from thy bounteous will 
Of many flowers to mark thy magic way. 
While, at thy glorious presence, hark! the lay 
Of million birds bursting in pipe and trill ; 
And all the air is pulsing with the thrill 
Of nature and the hum of bees : the day 
Blushes with mingling Spring and Summer bloom. 
For, from the couch of Winter's cold and calm. 
With triumph, Hope the maiden May, has come, 
To yield to June her resurrection's balm. 
As the just Dead shall rise from out the tomb 
( »f mortal pain to bear th' immortal palm. 

Mavor Allan. 



186 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



1896 




;i ,r ^" JOHN MACKAY. CE,jp. ^ 



HE PEFORD 



Part XIV. — (Continued Jrom page 144). 

QuATEE Beas and Watekloo — Gallant 

Conduct of thj: " Gbeys." 

,s3S^lVENTS moved quickly. Meantime the 
yM7> Scots Greys in rear of the other regi- 
===1 ments suffered from the French tire, 
they therefore moved into lower ground in line 
with the Inniskillins. Ponsonby, to assure 
himself how matters stood at the front l)eyond 
the AVavre road, rode up to the hedge bounding 
that road, accompanied by Colonel Muter of the 
Inniskillins, that he might by personal observa- 
tion ensure the correct timing of the impending 
charge. He desired the Colonel to return, place 
himself in front of the centre squadron, and to 
order and conduct the advance the moment he 
should observe him hold up his cocked hat as a 
signal. 

The French meanwhile mounted the ridge 
and began to deploy. Pack ordered his brigade 
to advance thirty yards, halt, fire a volley 
and then charge. His gallant men, few in 
number ))iit stout of heart, responded with the 
greatest alacrity, and in a few minutes the 
French were hurled pell mell down the slope. 
Pack, perceiving to his left a compact body of 
French who seemed determined to make a "firm 
stand, rode to the 92nd and said,. "Highlanders! 
you see those fellows on your left, you must 
charge ! all in front of you have given way ! " 
This proved to be a column 2,000 strong. The 
gallant Gordons, in no way daunted, with a loud 
shout, and animated by the inspiring sounds of 
their native mu.sic, though only 230 strong, 




rfnoved steadily on with the determined mien 
and gallant bearing of men bent upon upholding 
the honour and glory of their country. As the 
92nd approached the column, it received a fire 
from it which did little harm. Arriving within 
twenty yards, it seemed panic struck, and faced 
about in confusion, as if to escape. The High- 
landers at this very moment threw into the 
mass a concentrated volley most destructive in 
its effects, and instantly with a tremendous yell 
charged, sending the whole column reeling down 
the slope, closely pursuing it. 

Napoleon must have been at that moment 
intently scanning this scene, and seeing the 
small number of kilted red-coats driving away 
so many of his soldiers and even daring to 
pursue them, is reported by Lacoste, his Belgium 
guide, whom he kept at his side all day, to have 
exclaimed, " Les braves Ecossais," probably an 
involuntary compliment on the spur of the 
moment, to a brave soldiery whom he recognised 
by the peculiarity of their uniform. 

Ponsonby from behind the hedge clearly 
perceived that now the opportune moment had 
come for his gallant horsemen to charge, and 
made the prearranged signal to Colonel Muter. 
No sooner was the cocked hat held up, than 
Muter gave the noble " Union " brigade the 
order to charge. The Royals on the right 
bounded over the hedge, and halted for a 
moment on the ridge while they formed line, 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



187 



and the infantry made way for them to get 
through by wheeling back in sections and sulj- 
sections of companies. The Scots Greys on the 
left jmssed through and mingled with the Ol'nd, 
shouting, as they passed on, their war cry : 
" Scotland for ever ! " The enthusiasm of both 
corps was extraordinary. They mutually cheered 
" Scotland for ever ! " No sooner had the smoke 
enshrouding the front of the French column 
.somewhat cleared away, than the Greys dashed 
into tlie mass. So eager was the desire, so strong 
the determina- 
tion of the 
Highlanders to 
aid their com- 
pat riots in 
completing the 
work they had 
so gloriously 
begun, that 
many were 
seen holding on 
by the stirrups 
of the horse- 
men, while all 
rushed forward 
leaving none 
but the d i s- 
abled Vjehind 
them. Seeing 
this. Pack rode 
after them, 
and, without 
any remon- 
strance, said in 
a gentle tone 
of voice, " My 
brave High- 
landers ! you 
have saved the 
day, but you 
must return to 
your position ; 
there is more 
work to he 
done." Pack 
knew his men. 
They felt the 
gentle reproof, 
and instantly 
obeyed, leaving the noble horsemen to complete 
the "work" so well begun. The 92nd, 42nd, 44th, 
and other regiments of Pack's brigade soon had 
more work to do in securing the prisoners made, 
from 2,000 to 3,000 French officers and men. 

The Scots Greys continued their career. 
They fell like an avalanche upon the masses 
before them, dealing destruction and death all 
around them. Having the advantage of the 
descent they appeared to mow down the mass as 




SEKGE.^NT ENVART L.^PTUKINO THE FRENCH hTAM)ARU. 



they encountered it. The shock, the blows, 
seemed irresistible. Officers and men threw 
themselves on the ground in abject despair, 
crying for quarter, which was willingly granted. 
Within a few minutes the whole column was 
jiierced through and through, by a charge which 
for wonderful intrepidity of e.xecution, and its 
complete success, has rarely been equalled, and 
certainly never excelled. During this charge 
the "Eagle" of the 45th regiment. Napoleon's 
" Invincibles," was captured by Sergeant Ewart 
of the Greys, 
after a desper- 
ate struggle, 
evincing on his 
part great phy- 
sical strength, 
combined with 
extraordinary 
dexterity in 
the use of the 
sword; L e 
succeeded in 
capturing the 
cherished tro- 
phy. The 
gallant ser- 
geant was 
directed to pro- 
ceed with it to 
Brussels, where 
he was received 
with acclama- 
tions by thou- 
sandswhocame 
forward to con- 
gratulate him, 
and for his 
prowess was 
promoted to 
an Ensigncy. 
Ewart was 
a native of 
K ilmarnock. 
This Imperial 
"Eagle" proud- 
ly displayed on 
its banner the 
names of Aus- 
terlitz, Jena, 
Friedland, Essling, Wagrani. The Scots Greys, 
after this grand feat of arms, without pausing a 
moment to reform ranks, rushed onwards against 
the leading supporting column of Marcoguet's 
right brigade. This body of men, amazed at the 
suddenness of the onset, the impetuous wildness 
of the charge, and its terrific eflects upon their 
countrymen on the higher ground in front, were 
simply paralized ; they made no preparation to 
receive cavalry. The Greys were met by a 



188 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



destructive fire from the outer files of the 
column, but nothing could stop those splendid 
horsemen, they plunged into the mass of men 
before them with an impetus, a force, truly 
irresistible. The foremost ranks of the column 
were driven back with irrepressible violence, the 
remainder tottered for a moment and then sank 
under the overpowering wave. Hundreds rose 
again to be speedily swept away as prisoners, 
and secured by the Highlanders. 

It was at this time that Napoleon expressed 
his admiration of the Scots Greys, noted by 
Lacoste : he exclaimed, " My God ! those grey 
horses ! how they do work ! What grand 
troops ! What a pity that I shall cut them to 
pieces ! " He instantly ordered a column of 
lanceis and cuirassiers to attack them. 

In the meantime the gallant and heroic horse- 
men, transported with the fury of battle, 
unsatisfied with their second triumph, and no 
supports yet at hand, still pursuing their 
victorious career rode by twos and threes up 
the ascent to the ridge upon which Ney had in 
the fore part of the day planted his 74 guns. 
They were followed by some of the Royals and 
Inniskillins. In auiongst these guns they went, 
cutting down gunners, stabbing, hamstringing, 
and slaughtering horses, cutting their traces and 
rendering useless everything they met with. 
Forty of the guns were thus disabled for the 
remainder of the day. When the lancers came 
ujion them, tliey at once fell back, but the 
gallant horsemen were too fatigued, their horses 
too much blown, to make head against such a 
superior body of fresh antagonists, who had 
hitherto taken no part in the battle. The Greys 
in retreating to their position sustained severe 
losses in men and horses, till Vandeleur with 
the light brigade of cavalry came up from 
Papilotte, rescued the Greys, and inflicted great 
loss upon their enemies whom they forced to 
give way and retire. 

The loss sustained by the Scots Greys in 
these brilliant and incomparable charges were 
in killed, 7 officers, 6 non-commissioned otiicers, 
1 trumpeter, 72 private.s, and 114 horses; 
mortally wounded, 1 officer, 1 sergeant, IG 
privates; and wounded, 7 officers, 18 non- 
commissioned officers, 72 privates, and 60 horses. 
The Greys, along with the other heavy 
dragoons, were called upon to repel Ney's 
impetuous charges in the evening, upon the 
British right, and at the close of the d:iy in tlie 
geneial attack which completed the victory and 
almost annihilated the enemy. In both these 
afiairs tliey distinguihlied themselves as usual. 
After dark when the pursuit of the enemy was 
given up to the Prussiatis, th(; regiment w:is 
ordered to halt. It jjassed the night cheerlessly 
beyond the battlefield. Next day, the 19th June, 



it marched in pursuit of the French, and con- 
tinued its route to near the gates of Pai'is. 

In recognition of their distinguished services 
during this brief but glorious campaign, the 
Scots Greys were granted permission to bear on 
their guidons the badge of an " Eagle " and the 
word " Waterloo," and " Waterloo " on their 
grenadier caps. 

The Greys were quartered for some months at 
Nanterre, near Paris, whence they marched to 
Rouen and Harfleur, thence to Calais and 
embarked for England. 

Thus terminated one of the grandest scenes 
that distinguished the mighty drama enacted on 
the ever memorable plains of Waterloo, a scene 
presenting in bold relief genuine British valour 
crowned with resplendent triumph, a scene that 
should be indelibly impressed upon the minds of 
the successors of those grand warriors for ages 
yet unborn. 

Honour, imperishable honour, to the memory 
of every British soldier engaged in that never to 
be forgotten fight ! May the soldiers of the 
three United Kingdoms ever be found fighting 
side by side against the common enemy, may 
they prove to the world that they have not 
degenerated from the men of the glorious 
"Union Brigade," who by their heroic deeds on 
this great day so truly and faithfully represented 
the military virtues of the British people. 
(To he continued.) 



THE FALLS OF GLOMACK. 



|pI3HIS Highland waterfall, so named from 
X^ the Gaelic glomhas, a horrible chasm, is 
'-'i^ remarkable as being the highest in the 
country ; and altliough of less volume than 
Niagara, it is somewhat ' taller ' ; thus having 
pre-eminent virtue as a waterfall. It therefore 
becomes the duty of every true Highlander, 
and of every tourist who admires the Highlands, 
to know where it is and to visit it. Time, expense, 
and labour are necessary to reach it. But what 
of that? 'Where there's a will there's a way.' 
Suppose we have penetrated to the village of 
Dornie, whicli stands at the confluence of Loclis 
Alsh, Duich, and Long, we take a boat up the 
latter, some five miles to the top, passing a 
nunnery on the way, and land. The trouble 
now begins, for after j)assing on foot a small 
shooting lodge nestling in a little glen, we 
take up the side of a stream, and have to creep 
round a steep bank with very precarious footing 
and every prospect of falling into the horrible 
chasm below. Thankfidly escaping this natural 
trap, we soon come to a ford which must be 
crossed, and neither is this mere child-play. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



189 



The river brawls and tiimWes in a wild and 
savage manner over boulders and stones of 
various sizes, and he is lucky who gets across 
without having a wet seat on the way. But 
the worst is now passed and we trudge upwards 
some miles over a bare heathery moor till we 
reach the fall. We are conducted to a ledge 
about half way up, whence, above us we see the 
water in its first clear leap, and then we look 
down upon it where it roars in the more level 
ground below. In this remote place, with 
solitude and stillness around, we have ample 
leisure and opportunity to view from many 
points this truly beautiful and sublime natural 
scene. We feel that we are well repaid for our 
pilgrimage. To return we continue inland and 
across the deer forest of Kintail, ceaiin t-mil, the 
head of two seas, Duich and Alsh, with the 
majestic Ben Attow in front. But we take 
down liy the right to the side of Loch Duich, 
where we gain the highway and pass Inverinate 
and get a fine view of Eilean Donan Castle, 
tinally reaching Dornie again after a walk of 
about seventeen miles. 

Glenilevon. K- MaTHIESON, Ju.\. 



VICTORIA. 

1837—1897. 



' I will be good,' 
She said, while yet she stood 
A Princess at the portico of time, 

In age a maid, 
At heart a monarch staid. 
Strong in her innocence and faith sublime ; 
Upon whose infant brows, already blest, 
The shadow of a Crown had come to rest. 

Then see arise 
A (|'»KH, with tear-dimmed eyes. 
And heart uplifted to a Higher Throne. 

Sceptre and globe 
And Sovereignty's vast robe 
Forgot ; as Heaven's grace she seeks alone. 
To bear unscathed that emblem of her reign, 
' Diau bt mon Droit ' o'er danger's trackless main. 

A'ictoria ! 
The yeai's have passed away 
Since first thy timid foot set out to sea, 

Thro' peace and war. 
With many a honoured scar. 
Thy hand hath steered thy golden argosy, 
And proved that still Britannia rules the waves, 
That Britons never, ne\'er shall be slaves ! 

Queen of the sea 1 
Thy Diamond Jubilee 
Doth bind us by an anchor Hope hath cast, 

And would alarm 
Of alien's break its calm. 

We know thou'lt ride the storm unto the last, 
For thou hast learnt thy Queenship from above, 
And taught us what it is to xvait and luce. 



Yea ! thou hast been 
So good, O ! glorious Queen ! 
That nations needs must watch with reverent awe, 

Thy ripening years. 
Hallowed by sorrow's tears, 
Ricfi with that love of all thy hfe the law, 
. . . Then take this guerdon for thy widowed 

heart, 
Thy people's mother thou hast been and art. 

M.ivoR Allan. 



THE SIREN, 



^Heine's " Lorelei," TR.4N.sL.\TEn by 
K. D. Mackenzie.) 



ftSiJO^HY tills my heart with sad, sad tears > 
^f'MM' ^ ^^^' '""' ^^^^ '" vain, 

My thought is drawn to far off years 
And held by legend's chain. 

Mid zephyrs cool, the soft twilight 

Floats o'er the flowing Rhine, 
The hills high peaks still sparkle bright 

In evening's glad sunshine. 
And there on high, a maid behold, 

A maid most wondrous fair. 
With jewels decked of shining gold. 

And glorious golden hair. 

She combs it with a comb of gold, 

And sings a song, the time 
A haunting strain of power untold, 

A mystic air and rhyme. 

The boatman in his shallow ski ft' 

Is seized with boding sigh. 
He heeds not sign of deadly reef. 

His gaze is fixed on high. 

And now the waves with sudden throng 

O'erwhelm both man and boat, 
Alas ! the siren's gift of song, 

Her fatal luring note. 



We are glad to learn that the martial spirit of 
the Reay Countrymen is reviving. The Durness- 
men have petitioned the War Office to raise a 
company of volunteers, and over seventy stalwart 
young men have ottered to enlist. Melness, 
Tongue, Farr, Strathy, and Halladale will doubtless 
foUow suit, and j^roduce an intelligent body of men 
unsurpassed in height and physicpie in the kingdom. 

It has been decided that the Inverness Town 
Hall janitor is to wear the kilt. Oban must 
waken up a bit. 

We regret to intimate the death of Mr. George 
Carter, a leading member of the Glasgow Ca.ithness 
Association, and the author of asmall volume of poems. 

" Eminent Arbrothians," by J. M. M'Bain, 
Arbroath. (Brodie & Salraond). This most in- 
teresting work has just been published. Its purpose 
is to present the life story of the distinguished 
Arbroathians who have made their names famous 
in history during the past seven centuries. The 
volume is handsomely illustrated. 



19(1 



THE CELTIC MONTHLy. 



TO CORRESPONDENTS. Mr. R. W. PoRSYTH, Rentield Street and Gordon 

All Commuuicatiimn, on litrrnry and business Street, (ilasgow, whose reputation is worldwide as 

matters.shonld he addressed to the Editor, Mr. .JOHfi ^ maker of Highland Costumes and Accessories, 

aiACKAY.y Bliithswood lirive.mnsaoiv. i, ■ i • j i • j c 

' ■' has just received some very extensive orders from 

' ® ' Yokohama (Japan), where there seems to be a con- 

TERMS OP SUBSCRIPTION. — The CELTIC derable colony of Scotsmen. This tirm, at the present 

ijrm^Tmzirv m j. .„. . y . . fii. time, have Several orders ill hand for United States 

MONTHLY will be sent, post free, to any part of t/ie ,' ,, , , . ,, ■,, , ,■ ,, 

, „, , ^ ,,,,.,„ J „ and South Africa, thus illustrating once more the 

Umted Kxngdom, Canada, the United States, and all ^^^^,^^^^^^ wanderings of our fellow-countrymen. 

countries in the Postal Union— for one year, lix. The connection and name that Mr. Forsyth has as 

, . , ^ ^,^_^. ^ :^- a maker of everything in connection with the 

__ -, • . Highland garb, is instilling increased ct>ntidence in 

I HE VjELTIC IVIONTHLY. those who entrust him with their commissions. 

JULY, vm. Franco-Sc oTTisn SoriKTY. — This society has 

^1^=:;:::=::^=^ ^-^-^ — ^~. — — — ^— — .^^-^ ^_ ,-. : ^ been formed for the purpose of bringing the two 

nationalities into closer contact with each other, and 

'-'*-*^*'^^'^'^*'^* to revire the ancient alliance which existed between 

I 7~.,, ... ,0, Frenchmen and Scotsmen. Its obiects are educative 

UiLLi.^M Grant M.\coregor, Loi^don (with plate), - • 181 -,!-,, . . \ ^ ., , ,■ , j. 

The QiEEN OK TH. HKBR.DEs (illustrated), . - ■ .IS--. and social. Such a society cannot fail to enhst the 
DR. DONALD J. Macaulav, HALIFAX (with plate), - - 184 sympathies of Highlanders, and we are pleased to 
(iiLLF.AN AN FiiEiLiDii (poem). - . - - - ^ is.-i Isam that the Clan Mackay is more numerously 

A SoNNBT OF Si'M.MF.R (pocin), iS-i represcuted on the membership roll than any other 

The Roy-al Scots Oreys, Part XIV. (illustr.iterl . • ■ 186 clan or Scotch name. This may perhaps be ex- 

TiiE Falls of Glomack, - - 188 plained by the fact that the Mackay chief. Lord 

Victoria— 1S37-1897 (poem). .-■---- 189 Reay, is president of the society ; and the object 

The .Sirrn (poem), • ■ 189 being in itself one with which clansmen have every 

ToooE Eeaders, ■ - - mo sympathy, they all the more readily rally round 

Thk Hiohlandkrs of Scotland (illustrated), - • - 191 their chief. However, Highlanders are not so well 

Minor Septs of Clan Chattan (illustrated), ■ ■ 193 represented on the membership list as they ought 

Letters to the Editor, - 19.'. to be, and we trust that many of our readers will 

John Stewart, Liindon (with plate), 19;. join. A most interesting series of meetings, etc.. 

General Simon Frasek, 196 ]jas been arranged to take place in Edinburgh, from 

Traditions of Loch Lomond (illustrated), - - .109 tj,e 12th to li»th July ; invitations to which have 

, _^__ been accepted by a large number of distinguished 

French members.' Those desirous of joining the 
GRAND SUMMER NUMBER. society should apply to the honorary secretary, Mr. 

Our next issue will take the form of a "Summer ^- ^- ^'ordon, C.A., 128a George Street, Edinburgh. 
Number," which we hope to make specially Clan Maclean.— A new History of the Clan 

attractive, both in regard to contributions and Maclean is being written by the Rev. A. Maclean 
illustrations. We will give plate portraits and bio- Sinclair, Belfast, Prince Edward Island. Anyone 
graphical sketches of Mr. and Mrs. Campbell T. who is able to furnish facts relating to the clan 
Mackay, Liverpool ; Admiral D. Robertson-Mac- which have not been recorded in previous works on 
donald, of Kinlochmoidart ; and Mr. Archibald the subject, are rei) nested to communicate with Dr. 
Maclean, Berlin, Germany. " Torquil Macleod," Magnus Maclean, Glasgow University, or Mr. John 
whose clever stories are always appreciated by our Maclean, 68 Mitchell Street, Glasgow. 
readers, contributes a complete story entitled " The 
Wooing of Aileen the fair," the scene of which is 
laid in one of the Western Isles. Dr. Norman Hay 
Forbes of Forbes, commences a short series of 
illustrated papers on " The Highland Bagpipe : its 
History, Music, and Romance"; while the usual 
variety of interesting contributions in prose and 
verse will be given. 

The Clan Maikay Society continues to make 
good progress, the funds and membership increasing 
satisfactorily. Two life members have just been 
added to the roll — Messrs. Campbell T. Mackay and 
Archibald Forbes Mackay, of Liverpool. .The 
income for the present session, which ends in 
October, is £J2."), while the Bursary Fund amounts 
to £600. 

An Comunn Gaidhealach. — Our readers will 
please note that the Sixth Mod or Gathering takes 
place in Inverness in September. Over i'lUO is 
oft'ered in prizes. Intending candidates should 
apply at once to the secretary, Mr. John Mackintosh, 
Solicitor, 15 Union Street, Inverness, for particulars 
as to competitions, etc. 



THE CLAN MACKAY 'Y^CTORIA' BURSARY. 

The following will be of great interest to members 
of the Clan Mackay Society : — 

Scottish Oiticb, Whitehall, S.W., 
11th June, 1897. 
My Lord, 

I have had the honour to lay before 
the Queen the application of the Clan Mackay 
Society soliciting permission to associate Her 
Majesty's name with a bursary subscribed bjr mem- 
bers of the Clan Mackay, to commemorate the 
Sixtieth Year of her Majesty's Reign, and I have 
the satisfaction of informing your Lordship that the 
Queen lias been graciously jileased to accede to this 
reijuest, and to command that the bursary be entitled 
" The Clan Mackay Victoria Bursary." 1 have the 
honour to be. My Lord, 

Your Lordship's Obedient Servant, 
Balfodr of Burleigh. 



■ Hi-ht Hon. Lord Reay, G.C.S.L, G.C.I.E , 

6 Great Stanhope Street, 

Mavfair. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



191 



THE HIGHLANDERS OF SCOTLAND. 

BY EX'DEAN OF GUILD DAVID MACDONALD, ABERDEEN 

(Continued j'nini pai/e 17^*). 
Alexander Macdonald. — Oo)itiiiu<'d. 

»^^[R ACDONALD'S greatest i)oem is named 
^Hgah after the galley of his chief, Clanranakl, 
^^^^ and contains jirobalily the most graphic 
description ever given in verse of the handling 
of a boat under oar and sail, and the \arious 



aspects of sea and sky, in a wild spring day, 
between the Hebrides and Ireland. Professor 
Blackie's rendering of a portion of this elaborate 
poem is not altogether so happy as his version 
of Ben Dorain, but the subject and the metre 
])resent greater dirticulties. The descri|)tion of 
the rowing goes thus : — 

Now bring the dark boat, deftly fashioned, 

To the place of the sailing ; 
Take the poles, the stout, the smooth, 

And ijush with might prevailing ; 




GILLIES MACBAIN DEFKM'IN 



Grasp the shapely oars, smooth-handled. 

Limber oars that lightly 
Sweep with venturous van across 

The waters foaming brightly ; 
Oars that when they fall with might 

Upon the blue sea darkling, 
Wake from its bed the sleejiing light 

In liquid beauty sparkling ; 
Uars that with their well-poised stroke. 

As the light boat dashes, 
Wound the waves, the prcmdly swelling. 

With a thousand gashes ; 
Oars that with well-measured swing, 

Bound, all fearless leaping. 



O'er the rough crests and gaping troughs 
Of dark blue depths unsleeping. 
Other Bards and Works. 
Among others of eminence who might be 
named are John Roy Stewart and Rob Donn 
Mackay. Many of the Highland names are 
descriptive. Another class of names are com- 
memorative of the past history of the Highlands. 
The earliest work in Gaelic is BLshop Carswell's 
Prayer Book. A translation from John Knox's 
liturgy was printed in 1567; Calvin's Catechism, 
bv Wreitton, in 1031 ; a translation of the hrst 



192 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



•eighty Psalms, in 1650; Baxter's " Call to the 
Unconverted," 1770; the Holy Scriptures, 1G90. 
The first edition of the New Testament in 
Scottish Gaelic was printed in 1767 by the Rev. 
James Stewart, an accomplished Gaelic scholar. 
For honesty, truthfulness, hospitality, and 
kind-heartedness, the Highlanders cannot be 
surpassed. Generally they bear a highly 
religious character. The attachment of the 
Highlanders to their offspring, and the filial 
regard and veneration entertained for parents is 
perhaps unsurpassed anywhere else. Parents 
are seldom or never deserted in their old age, 
and when children are forced to earn a sub- 
sistence from home, they con.sider it an impera- 
tive dnty to remit whatever may be required for 
\ this purpose. General Stewart, writing on the 
subject, says : — " The sense of duty is not 
extinguished by absence from the mountains. 
It accompanies the Highland soldier amid the 
dissipations of a mode of life to which he has 
not been accustomed. It prompts him to save 
a portion of his pay, to enable him to assist his 
parents, and also to work when he has an 
opportunity, that he may increase their allow- 
ance, at once preserving himself from idle habits, 
and contributing to the comfort and happiness 
of those who gave him birth. I have been a 
frequent witness of these offerings of filial 
bounty, and the channel through which they 
were communicated, and I have generally found 
that a threat of informing their parents of 
misconduct has operated as a sufficient check on 
young soldiers, who always received tlie intima- 
tion as a sort of horror. They knew that the 
report would not only grieve their relntions, but 
act as a sentence of banishment against them- 
selves, as they could not return home with a 
bad or blemished character. Generals M'Kenzie, 
Eraser, and M'Kenzie of Suddie, who successively 
commanded the 78th Highlanders, seldom had 
occasion to resort to any other punishment than 
threats of this kind for several years after the 
<m bodying of this regiment. 

Of the Highlanders Robert Burns said : — 

" When death's dark stream I ferry o'er, 

A time that surely shall come. 
In Heaven itself I'll ask no more 

Than just a Highland welcome " 

The Risikg of 1745. 
The events of 1745, when Prince Charles 
Edward landed in the Highlands, with the 
object of winning back the Crown to his family, 
was important to the country at large, but it 
was so especially to the Highlands. Had the 
Prince succeeded it is highly ])robable that the 
power of the Highland chiefs would have 
• remained unbroken, and the feudal condition of 
the country might have remained unchanged for 



a long series of years, for the Stuarts would 
have been loath to interfere with those who had 
been instrumental in replacing them upon the 
throne, no matter how necessary such inter- 
ference would have been for the security and 
progress of the country. The defeat of the 
Highlanders at Culloden, however, changed the 
aspect of affairs. The result of that unhappy 
contest led to the supremacy of law aitd order. 
From that day the bond of mutual dependence 
upon each other which marked the relationship 
of the Highlander to his chief began gradually 
to relax, and an era had begun when the asjiira- 
tion would be realized that " the key should 
keep the castle and the hedge the cow," when 
every man should repose securely under his own 
roof and live in peace with his neighbour. No 
Highlander, however, can read the account of 
the disaster on Culloden moor without a pang 
of regret. The cause which the Highlanders 
espoused may have been a bad one ; but it is 
impossible, to divest it of chivalry, patriotism, 
and romance. The love which the Highlanders 
bore to Prince Charlie was such as only men of 
warm, generous, and keen feelings could cherish, 
and the treatment which the vanquished received, 
especially the wounded, was not only condemned 
by the officers of the Duke of Cumberland, but 
it has received the general execration of posterity, 
and has earned for the commander of the 
English forces the merited appellation of the 
''the butcher." Dr. Browne, writing of this 
battle, says : — " At other times, and under 
different circumstances, a battle like that of 
Culloden would have been regarded as an ordinary 
occurrence, of which, when all matters are 
considered, the victors could have little to boast. 

The Highland army did not exceed 5,000 
fighting men, and when it is considered that the 
men had been two days without sleep, were 
exliausted by the march of the jsreceding night, 
and had scarcely tasted food for forty-eight 
hours, the wonder is that they fought so well as 
they did against an army almost double in point 
of numbers, and which laboured under none of 
the disadvantages to which, in a more especial 
manner, the overthrow of the Highlanders is to 
be ascribed." 

The Black Watch. 

The qualifications of the Highlanders for a 
military life were too good to remain long 
unrecognised. As early as 1729 independent 
companies were formed. These were distinct 
corps of about 100 men each, and they were 
employed to overawe the disaffected, and check 
depredations in their own districts. They 
existed until 1739, when Government resolved 
to raise four additional companies, and to form 
the whole into a regiment of the line This 
body was raised in Perthshire, and was num- 



THE CEr/rrc monthly. 



193 



bered the 43rd Regiment. The uniform was a 
scarlet jacket and waistcoat with buff facings 
and white lace — tartan plaid of twelve yards 
plaited round the middle of the body, the upper 
part being fixed on the left shoulder ready 
to be thrown loose, and wrapped over both 
shoulders and lirelock in rainy weather. The 
arms were a musket, and a basket-hilted broad- 
sword, pistols, and a dirk. This regiment was 
originally destined for home service ; but the 
Government, in defiance of an agreement to the 
contrary, determined to send it abroad, and 
the Highlanders, losing all confidence in the 
authorities, determined to return home clan- 
destinely, after having reached London. They 
were overtaken near Northampton, and, being 
surrounded by a superior force, were oblig('d to 
surrender. The regiment was afterwards sent 
to Flanders, where it distinguished itself very 
liigbly, French writers from the seat of war 
stating that when charging " the Highland 
furies rushed in upon us with more violence 
than ever did a sea driven by a tempest " 

[To be continued.) 



MINOR SEPTS OF CLAN CHATTAN. 

5y Charles Fraser-M.^ckintosii, F.S A. Scot. 



No. IIL — The Macphails of Tnyeraiknie. 




fN Sir Eneas Mackintosh's Memoirs of the 
Clan, the Macphails appear in the lists 
— as No- 14 of the tribes, and that they 
took protection of Mackintosh about 1500. 

In the Kinrara History of the Mackinto.shes, 
it is said that in the time of Duncan the 8th 
(14.56-1496) lived "Paul Go \v, good sir of Sir 
Andrew ilacphail. the priest, of whom the Clan 
Phail had their beginning." 

This Sir Andrew, grandson of Paul, first of 
the Macphails, according to the Kinrara history, 
wrote the third of the three histories of Clan 
Ohattan, upon which he himself founds in part 



his history. He adds that Sir Andrew's history 
began with Shaw the 1st Mackintosh, and ended 
with William, murdered at Strathbogie in 1550. 

The Rev. Lachlan Shaw, the historian, when 
dealing with the parishes of Daviot aad Dun- 
lichty, refers to " Macphail of Inverairnie, the 
Chief of that ancient tribe of Clan Chattan. 

The family did not acquire Inverairnie until 
1631, but the name is to be found at a much 
earlier jieriod, and was common among ecclesias- 
tics. The first Macphail I have noticed was 
named Gillies. He died prior to 1400, his place 
of residence not being mentioned. He married 
Margaret Mackintosh, who bore to him John, 
Paul, Alison, Margaret, Catherine, and Agnes. 
In 1496 David Dunbar of Durris pursues 
Mackintosh and the following, his men and 
dependants — '' Gillies Macphail, Donald Mac- 
Gillivray, Farquhar Eachin's son, Auchan 
MacRuari, and Alexander MacAllister," for the 
wrongous occupation and labouring of the lands 
of Durris, with the pertinents lying within the 
Sheriffdom of Inverness, " for the space of one 
year last bye past." 

In 1558 Donald Macdonald vie Phail is found, 
and in the same year .John Reoch MacPhail. 

In 1560 Sir John MacPhail is one of the 
Procurators in the Sherifi' Court of Inverness. 

In 1561 James Mac William vie Phail is 
found. 

After the Reformation the Macphails appear 
in force as ecclesiastics. We find Mr. Andrew 
Macphail, reader at Petty and Bracklie in 1574, 
settled at Kirkhill 1575, translated to Kingussie 
in 1581, and to Dores in 1590. 

In a deed dated at Inverness, 26th April, 
1594, two of the witnesses are " Andrew Mac- 
phail, Minister of the word of God at Croy, and 
Severinus Macphail, Minister of the Church of 
Petty." Neither of these gentlemen's names 
appear in the " Fasti" as holding office in Croy 
and Petty. 

There is notice of Souverane Makpharlene or 
Macphail as having been presented by James 
VI. to Alvie in 1585-6, and that he was 
continued to 1594, no doubt the same person 
above referred to as Minister of Petty. 

Several Macphails are found in the County 
of Sutherland in the early part of the 17th 
century, and were burgesses of Dornoch. 

The Macphails did not acquire a heritable 
right to Inverairnie until the year 1631, when 
Hugh Rose, then of Kilravuck, in respect of a 
thousand pounds scots granted a wadset right 
ar.d long tack of Inverairnie to 
I. — Duncan Maci)hail, therein described as "of 
Inverairnie." This original grant is dated 19th 
May, 1631. The lands of Inverairnie, facing 
the River Nairn, lie within the Barony of 
Strathnairn and Parish of Dalarossie, and have 



194 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



for more than a century been divided, the upper 
portion next to Farr having been acquired by 
the family of Farr, and still forming part of that 
estate, the other and lower portion adjoining 
Wester Lairgs, being acquired by MacGillivray 
of Dunmaglass. Both portions are watered by 
the River Airnie which falls into the Nairn 
adjoining to Lower Inverairnie ; and forming a 
portion thereof, lies on the high grounds betwixt 
Strathnairn and Strathdearn, a very extensive 
muir called the " Shalvanach," of old capital 
grazing, and now excellent shooting grounds. 

The Inverairnie estate also comprehended the 
lands of Duglass, Dudletter, in Strathdearn, 
practically adjoining, but facing the Kiver 
Findhorn and the south. These lands formed 
that part of the present estate of Glenmazeran, 
acquired from the ]Mackintoslies of Aberarder, 
successors to Inverairnie in Strathdearn. 

The next Macphail I lind is 
II.- — Paul Macphail in 1689, probably a grand- 
son of the above Duncan. Paul IMaephail 
acquired on 13th March, 1689, from Kilravock 
the reversionary right to the lands, in respect of 
a feu duty of two hundred and nine merks and 
other prestations. Paul is infeft on 7 th 
December, 1689. He married, first — Elspet 
Shaw of Tordarroch, and by her had two sons, 
Duncan and Robert. Paul married, secondly — 
a lady described as " Jean Forbes, neice to the 
laird of Culloden." Wishing to favour a son by 
his second marriage, Paul Macphail made a new 
arrangement with Kilravock on 4th July, 1099. 
By Jean Forbes, Paul Macphail had a son, John, 
described as in 1765 as "now Surveyor of the 
Customs at Fort- William," who took infeftment 
as heir of provision in 1754. To fortify the 
title of the son by the second marriage, Paul 
Macphail assigned his estate to William Mac- 
phail, merchant in Inverness, and Margaret 
Mackintosh, his spouse. 

But William Macphail favoured the heir male, 
and on 15th September, 1716, gave over his 
rights to Robert, the eldest son of Paul Jlac- 
phail. Paul was succeeded by his second, but 
eldest surviving son, 

III. — Robert Macphail, and in 1721 Robert i.s 
in full possession of the estate. He died in 
1743, when lie was succeeded by his son, 
IV. — Alexander Macphail, who made up titles 
to the estate in 1756. In 1759-1760 Alexander, 
the heir male, at great cost settled with John 
Macphail before mentioned, the heir of provision. 

Alexander Macphail was now undisputed 
owner of Inverairnie, but the consideration i)aid 
to his relative, John, and the litigation with 
Kilravock, the Superior, proved fatal, and 
necessitated a sale of the estate. 

Thus the weakness of Paul, second in this 
list, and the cupidity of his second wife, brought 



about the ruin of the family. Kilravock by 
himself and otheis in right of the large feu, 
attempted to take possession of the estate and 
remove Alexander. He fought hard for years 
to maintain his position, having at length to 
succumb, when Inverairnie was acquired by 
Farr and Dunmaglass. 

It was with the latter Inverairnie chiefly 
dealt, and numerous transactions passed in form 
of money and documents before a final clearance. 

Alexander Macphail signed the Bond in 
favour of Mackintosh redeeming the Laggan 
lands in 1756, as head of the Macphails. In his 
struggles to retain his estate Alexander executed 
a transfer to a relative, Paul Macphail. The 
deed is written by Alexander himself, and was 
signed at Inverairnie on 14th April, 1763, in 
presence of John Macphail, youngest lawful son 
of the late Robert Macphail of Inverairnie, 
Donald Macphail, tenant in old town of Inver- 
airnie, and Donald Macphail, in Lynrich of 
Farr. I shall only make one further reference 
to poor Alexander Macphail, whose ill fortune I 
deplore. Before finally settling with William 
MacGillivray of Dunmaglass, documents as I 
said were given, one obligation coming into the 
hands of the notorious Farquhar MacGillivray 
of Dalcrombie as doer for Dunmaglass. I will 
mention it, in poor Inverairnie's own words 
from a petition to the Sherift' craving release 
from prison. Inverairnie says " that notwith- 
standing his having settled with Dunmaglass, 
Farquhar MacGillivray of Dalcrombie, without 
having any special mandate from the said 
Captain William MacGillivray, who is out of 
the kingdom, in Georgia, upon Monday last, the 
6th current (December, 1773), came with a 
party of 12 men, armed with guns and staves, 
and ui)on the high road attacked the petitioner, 
and by the strong hand held liim about two 
hours in the snow, by force and violence, 
without having a caption or any warrand, or 
me.ssenger or officer of the law with him," and 
had him conveyed to prison. 

Sheriff Macqueen on the 9th December, on a 
petition by Inverairnie, ordered answers within 
forty-eight hours. By a marking on the paper 
dated 13 th December, no answer had been given 
in. There were towards the end of last century 
no two more determined and unscru]iulous men 
in the County of Inverness than John Macpher- 
son of Ballachroan and Farquhar MacGillivray 
of Dalcrombie. 

Not only have the Macphails disappeared 
from Inverairnie, but there are none of the name 
occupying land in Strathnairn and Strathdearn. 
The last I knew was Mr. Angus Macphail, 
tenant in Mid Lairgs under Mackintosh, a most 
worthy man, who with his excellent helpmate, had 
a high and deserved reputation in the churches. 




JOHN STEWART. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



195 



Whether there be an heir male of Inverainiie 
I know not, but should an3'one — for instance the 
rising counsel of the name — think he has a claim, 
now is the time to establish his right to the 
honour. 

(To be continued). 



LETTERS TO THE EDITOR. 



Glbndaeuel, Greenock, 

3rd May, 1807. 

"THE BRAVE SONS OF SKYE." 

Sir — Some time ago, you were good enough to 
publish a letter from me on the above subject ; 
and 1 am glad to be able to say that a most grati- 
fying response has been made by loyal daughters 
and sons of Skye to my appeals (both jiublic and 
private) for information about " The Brave Sons of 
Skye," with the result that a large mass of valuable 
material (including many portraits) lias been placed 
at my disposal. It would be a great favour now if 
those ladies and gentlemen who have in their 
possession information and portraits, which they 
mean to send to me, would do so so before the end 
of June. I should like particularly to get more of 
■ the military records of our non-commissioned 
officers and private soldiers. Lying past in many 
of the cottages of Skye and elsewhere, there must 
be some hundreds of medals which were won by 
these brave men in many a stubborn tight. The 
names of the si.ildiers, of their native parishes, and 
of the regiments in which they served, with copies 
of the inscriptions on the medals and clasps, and of 
the soldiers' certificates of discharge from the army, 
would be of great use. Any documents or portraits 
lent to me for being copied would be taken great 
care of, and would be returned to the owners with 
the least possible delay. 

Yours, etc., 

J. MACINNES, 

Major and Hon. Lieut.-Colonel, 

5th Vol. Batt. Argyll and Sutherland 

Highlanders. 



"HIGHLAND HONOURS." 

The Editor, CMic Monfhln, 

Sir, — In your " Highland Notes "' for May, the 
barbarous custom at public dinners called "Highland 
Honours" is very properly denounced. You may 
remember that some two or three years ago I sent 
you a letter disapproving of the practice so falsely 
dignified and so wrongly named. I am glad you 
have now sounded a war note against the con- 
tinuance of a stupid and ridiculous practice, which 
never had anything to commend it except some 
far-fetched notion that it would give a special war- 
like character to the drama of " Rob Roy," as 
played on the boards of a theatre in a Loidand city! 

Some time ago, ui the colunnis of a Highland 
contemporary, I called attention to the desirability 
of discontinuing the custom ; and suggested that it 
anyone thought it necessary to perpetuate some 



distinctive method of drinking toasts under the 
title of " Highland Honours," that a foot placed on 
the edge of his chair (in.stead of the table) should 
satisfy the most benighted and boisterous son of 
the north. 

But this wag proposed merely as a compromise. 
Writing frankly, I am bound to say that tlie best 
remedy for this foreign growth, grafted on a patient 
and enduring people, lies in its total abolition. 

I am, etc., D. MACOKECiOR, M.D. 




JOHN STEWART, LONDON. 



'OW that the tea industry of Assam has 
as.sumed such immense proportions it 
will doubtless interest our readers to 
learn something of the career of a worthy High- 
lander, whose name is perha[)S more than that 
of many other individuals associated with the 
development of the Assam Tea Gardens. 

Mr. .John Stewart was born at Ballaterach, 
Aberdeenshire, on 19th January, 1846. His 
father was William Stewart, farmer, who 
was accidentally killed in a carriage accident. 
His motlier kept on the farm and reared up her 
family of three sons and three daughters. On 
leaving school .John occupied several situations, 
but was eventually oti'ered liy Mr. Williamson, 
the great tea planter, a situation as assistant 
tea planter in Assam. He accepted the opening 
and sailed for India, arriving at North Lakhim- 
pur on 14th April, 18Gi. He remained in 



196 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



India for twenty-seven years, his first visit to 
Scotland being after eleven years absence. His 
early experiences were unpleasant enough, but 
he soon showed that he possessed good Highland 
"grit." He learned to speak, read and write 
the Assamese language, an advantage of great 
value in dealing with native labourers. In 
1867 he resigned his managership and became 
managing proprietor of a neighbouring garden ; 
his interest in other properties rapidly extended, 
until he managed all the estates in the district, 
with two exceptions only. In 1864 the tea 
crop for the locality was thirty chests, in 1896 
it amounted to twenty-five thou.sand. 

In 187.5 he paid a visit to the old country, 
married Annie Allan Espliti, and shortly after 
returned to Assam. For three years, 1886-8, 
he assumed the management of the Bishnath 
Tea Company's gardens, and during that time 
he obtained results which increased the dividend 
from 4% to 13%, the shares doubling in value. 
Next year he was asked to manage the Deejoo 
Tea Coy. on his own terms, and the splendid crop 
for the first year enabled the Company to pay 
6% again.st 2|^% for the previous year. This 
extraordinary return was the direct result of 
Mr. Stewart's able management ; and his record 
on these estates in producing increased returns 
has never been equalled iu Assam. That year 
he returned to Scotland, his wife being the 
reci]jient of a handsome present from the 
employees, the same tangible kindness being 
shown her previously on her arrival in India. 

In 1883 the firm of Stewart, HoU A C^o., 
London, was started, of which Mr. Stewart is a 
partner. On his return to Scotland he buught 
and resided in, Louisville, Aberdeen, but sold it 
on his settling in London in 1894. He joined 
the Aberdeenshire Royal Engineers in 1891 as 
Quartermaster. In this brief sketch we have 
only summarised what has 'neen a very successful 
and adventurous career, and we hope it may 
incite other young Highlanders to go out into 
the world and carve out a fortune for themselves 
as John Stewart has so ably done. 



GENERAL SIMON FRASER. 



I!V .1. I>. MACLEAN. 

{CiiHtiniied from paije 1G9.) 

yi^l,ENERAL BURGOYNB has de.scribed 
(Asr? the burial scene with his usual felicity 
•;>-^J of expre.ssion and eloquence: "About 
sunset the corpse of General Fraser was brought 
up the hill, attended only by the officers who 
had lived iu his family. To arrive at the redoubt, 
it passed within view of the greatest part of 



both armies. General Phillips, Riedesel, and 
myself, who were standing together, were struck 
with the humility of the procession : they who 
were ignorant that privacy had been requested, 
might construe it neglect. We could neither 
endure that reflection, nor indeed restrain our 
natural pr'opensity to pay our last attention to 
his remains. The cir-curnstances that ensued 
cannot be better desci'ibed than they have been 
by different witnesses. The incessant cannonade 
during the solemnity ; the steady attitude and 
unaltered voice with which the chaplain officiated, 
though frequently covered with dust, which the 
shot threw upon all sides of him ; the mute but 
expressive mixture of sensibility and indignation 
upon every countenance ; these objects will 
remain to the last of life upon the minds of every 
man who was present. The growing duskiness 
added to the scenery, and the whole marked a 
character of that juncture that would make one 
of the finest subjects for the pencil of a master 
that the field ever exhibited — to the canvas and 
to the faithful page of a more important histor-ian, 
gallant friend ! I consign thy memor-y. There 
may thy talents, thy manly virtues, their progress 
and their period, find due distinction ; and long 
may they survive — long after the frail record of 
my pen shall be forgotten." 

Bur'goyne was not unmindful of the wounded 
gener'al. He was directing the pr-ogress of the 
battle, and it was not until late in the evening 
that he came to visit the dying man. A tender 
scene took place between him and Fraser. 
General Fraser- was the idol of the army and 
upon him Burgoyne placed most r-eliance. The 
spot where General Fr-aser lies buried is on an 
elevated piece of ground commanding an exten- 
sive view of the Hudson, and a gi-eat lerjgth of 
the interval on either side. The grave is marked 
by a tablet placed there by Mrs. E. II. Wal- 
worth, a trustee of the Sai'atoga Monumental 
Association. 

General Fraser held the esteem of all who 
knew him, and those who have studied his 
character name him only to praise. The Eail of 
Balcanes, who succeeded him in the command 
of the light infantry, thus spoke of him : 
" General Eraser's temper was warm, open and 
communicative, but reserved in matters of confi- 
dence." In his official report to Lord George 
Ger-maine, of Jrrly 11, 1777, Bur-goyiie, referring 
to the affair at Hubbar-dton, says: "I have only 
to add that the exertions of Brigadier Fi'aser on 
this (lay wer'e but a continuance of that unrfor'm 
intelligence, activity and bravery, which dis- 
tinguish his char-acter on all occasions, and entitle 
him to be recommended iir the most particular 
rrranner to his Majesty's favour.' In his i-eport 
dated October 20, 1777, he paid this tiibute: 
" The British officei-s have bled profusely and 



THE ORT.rrO MONTHLY. 



197 



most lionouralily, but the extensive merits whieli 
marked the pub! in auil private character <if 
Brigadier-General Fraser will long remain upon 
the memory of this armj', and make his loss a 
subject of particular regret." The following 
letter addressed on the outside " To Major- 
General Gates or officer commanding the Forces 
near Half Moon," and sealed with an impression 
in sealing wax of his coat of arms, sheds some 
light on his education and character : 

"7th September, 1777. 
Sir : It has been represented to me by 
several deserters from your army that Mr. 
Simon Fraser, a prisoner taken at Bennington, 
is treated with an uncommon degree of severity. 
If this report is true I am persuaded it must be 
owing to some misrepresentation. This person 
is an Inhabitant on Hoosac Creek, and is the 
father of nine children ; he joined us at F. 
Elward with other Loyalists, and I got him 
placed in a' Civil employment from which he 
could draw some temporary income; he imagined 
that the detachment under the late Lieut. -Col. 
Baume would have passed near his house, he 
went along with it, and as it did not go within 
many miles of his habitation was taken in the 
action, I am told without arms. Now, Sir, 
I can appeal to your humanity, if a person 
answering this description is an object of resent- 
ment, or if he deserved to be distinguished by 
particular ill-treatment, and if upon enquiry, }'ou 
will find his case to be, as thus stated, I hope 
you will have the goodness to give directions for 
his enlargement, and putting him on the same 
footing with other prisoners of war. I send five 
guineas by the Drummer Major of the 24th 
Regiment for the use of Mr. Fraser, and must 
request the favour of some gentleman in your 
family to forward it to him. 

I shall have the honour to be, Sir, your most 
obedient, humble servant, 

Sim. Frasek, 
B. General." 

In Eastman's " Life of General Stark," now a 
very rare work, we find the following incident 
narrated : " Two of the American officers taken 
at Hubbardstowu, relate the following anecdote 
of General Fraser. He saw that they were in 
distress, as their Continental paper would not 
pass with the English, and offered to loan them 
as much as they wished for their present circum- 
stances. They took three guineas each. He 
remarked to them: ' Gentlemen, take what you 
wish — give me your due bills, and when we 
reach Albany I trust to your honour to take 
them up, for we shall, doubtless, overrun the 
country, and I shall probably have an opportunity 
of seeing you again.' " 



A portrait of General Fraser at the moment 
of being wounded and another of his funeral, 
said to have been painted by West at the 
expense of his brother officers, and presented by 
them to his widow are both in possession of 
Captain James Wilson Fraser of Balnain at 
Farraline House. Graham's painting of his 
burial is reproduced in De Fonblanque's " Life of 
Burgoyne." 

Early in the autumn of 17G9 General Fraser 
married the widow of Alexander (Jrant of Percy 
Street, London, who survived him without issue. 
The following notice of this lady, taken from 
the "London Chronicle" for July 4-6, 1780, is 
of interest in this connection : " Yesterday 
(July 3, 1780) was tried before the Right Hon. 
Earl Mansfield and a special jury, a cause 
wherein Mr. Schreiber, a merchant, was plaintiff, 
and Mrs. Fraser, widow of the late General 
Fraser, was defendant. The action was brought 
for damages on a breach of promise of marriage. 
Mr. Dunning opened for the plaintiff, and brought 
witnesses to prove the promises. The fii'st and 
principal was the plaintiff's son, who deposed, 
that the Lady had acknowledged to him her 
having consented to marry his father. A man 
servant deposed, that his mistress had engaged 
him to go abroad with her to Germany, in case 
of the marriage having taking place. Mr. 
Christie was brought to pro\'e that the plaintiff 
bought a house in Portland Place, at the price 
of £4,100, and on account of the marriage not 
taking place, has sold it again for £.3,600. A 
horse dealer proved he had bought four horses 
at 35 guineas each, and sold them again all four 
at 74 guineas. A coach-maker proved he had 
bought t^v'0 carriages for £200 ; a tailor proved 
making a suit of livery, on account of the 
promised marriage. 

" Mr. Solicitor General pleaded, that his client 
had no objections to the person, character, or 
fortune of the plaintiff, who is certainly a very 
respectable wealthy merchant, and in every 
respect a very advantageous match tor her ; 
that in the course of the treaty she began to 
think that Mr. Schreiber's temper and hers 
might not agree ; in that case, the match would 
render both parties extremely unhappy, for which 
reason she thought best to retract, though 
evidently to her own loss and disadvantage, his 
fortune being far superior to hers. He further 
observed, that no attempt had been made to 
prove his client a woman of fortune; therefore it 
was much below the the plaintiff to want to 
take from her small pittance, and add to his own 
great abundance. Here he was stopjjed by Mr. 
Dunning, who adduced proof that the Lady's 
fortune here, in the East Indies, and America, 
amounted to £24,000, or upwards. 



198 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



" Mr. Solicitor General leiilied, that the 
fortune in England might be ascertaineil, but 
that abroad could not ; but with regard to 
fortune, his client had suffered most by breaking 
off the match, for she was to have her own 
fortune at her own disposal, £300 a year pin 
monej', £10,000 settled upon her, and the house 
at Forty Hill, or at her option £5,000 instead of 
it, in all £15,000 iu case of her survival. 

"Lord Mansefield, in summing up the evidence, 
observe(1, that the promise of marriage was 
proved ; that certainly each iiarty, engaged to 
marry, has a right at any time previous to the 
ceremony, and even before the priest, if they 
apprehended unhappiness to be the event ; but 
it was under this circumstance that the party 
retracting, if able, should make good the damages 
sustained by the other through the treaty — the 
plaintiff had proved some damages — it was for 
the jury to assess the quantum. The jury, after 
a consultation of a few minutes, gave a verdict 
of £600 damages, with costs." 

This Lady (according to " Gentleman's Maga- 
zine," vol. 51, J). 194) was married at Edinburgh, 
April 16, 1781, to an advocate named George 
Buchan Hepburn. 

An account of the redoubtable Tim Murphy 
may be of some interest. " The soldier who 
shot General PVaser was Tim Murphy, a Vir- 
ginian, who belonged to Morgan's rifle cor[is, in 
which he distinguished himself as amarksman,and 
excited much interest while in camp. After the 
capture of Burgoyne, the company to which he 
belonged was ordei-ed to Schoharie, where it 
remained until their term of service e.xpired. 
When the company was disbanded, Murphy and 
some others remained, and served in the militia ; 
his skill in the desultory war which the Indians 
carry on, gave him so high a reputation, though 
not nominal the commander, he usually directed 
all the movements of the scouts that were .sent 
out, and on manj' important occasions the com- 
manding ofhcers found it dangerous to neglect 
his advice ; his double rifle, his skill as a marks- 
man, and his fleetness either in retreat or pursuit, 
made him an object both of dread and of \en- 
geance to the Indians ; they formed many plans 
to destroy him, but he always eluded them, and 
sometimes made them suffer for their temerity. 

" He fought the Indians with theii- own 
weapons. When circumstances permitted, he 
tomahawked and scalped his fallen enemy ; he 
boasted after the war that he had slain forty of 
the enemy with his own hand ; more than half 
of whom he scalped ; he took delight in perilous 
adventures, and seemed to love danger for 
danger's sake. Tradition has preserved the 
account of many of his exploits; a single instance 
as proof of the dread with which he was regarded 
by the Indians, is here given. They were unable 



to conjecture how he could discharge his rifle 
twice without having time to reload ; and his 
singular good fortune in escaping unhurt, led 
them to suppose that he was attended by some 
invisible being, who warded off their bullets, and 
sped his with unerring certainty to the mark. 
When they had learned the mystery of his 
double-barrelled rifle, they were careful not to 
expose themselves too much until he had fired 
twice, knowing that he must have time to reload 
his jiiece before he could do them further injury. 
One day being separated from his party, he was 
pursued by a number of Indians, all of whom he 
outran excepting one ; Murphy turned round, 
fired upon this Indian, and killed him. Supposing 
that the others had given up the pursuit he 
stop]jed to strip the dead, when the rest of his 
pursuers came in sight. He snatched the rifle 
of his fallen foe, and with it killed one of his 
pursuers ; the rest, now sure of their prey, with 
a yell of joy heedlessly rushed on, hoping to 
make him their prisoner; he was ready to drop 
down with fatigue, and was likely to be over- 
taken, when turning round, he discharged the 
remaining barrel of rifle, and killed the foremost 
of the Indians ; the rest, astonished .at his firing 
three times in succession, fled, crying out that 
he could shoot all day without loading. 

" In stature, Murphy was about five feet six 
inches, and very well proportioned, with dark 
complexion, and an eye that would kindle and 
flash like very lightning when excited. He 
was exceedingly quick in all his motions, and 
possessed an iron frame that nothing apparently 
could effect; and what is very remarkable, his 
body was never wounded or scarred during the 
whole war. At the close of the war. Murphy 
became a farmer and settled it Schoharie County, 
New York. He was a capital stump speaker, 
and was a political power in the county. He 
died in 1818, full of years and honours, of cancer 
occasioned by the recoil of his rifle on his cheek." 

He accompanied Sullivan's exjiedition against 
the Indians in 1779, and was one of the ill-fated 
party of Ijieut. Boyd, but escaped capture by 
his fleetness. 

The life of Morgan has been admirably written 
by Graham. The book is scarce, but after much 
effort I was enabled to secure a cojiy. 
[Concluded ] 

Mr. D. N. Nicol, M.P., has been re-elected presi- 
dent, and Messrs. Neil MacMillan and John Dunlop, 
secretaries, of the London Argyllshire Association. 

We regret to announce the death of Mr. Hugh 
Bannerman, of Suuthport, (a native of Helmsdale) 
which took place on 9th May. Mr. Bannerman had 
many friends, and his decease will be lamented by 
his countrymen in all j^arts of the world. It \i\\\ 
be remembered that we gave his portrait and 
sketch m our issue of November, 1895. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 




^ 



(t 



^js^" 



^ 



TRADITIONS OF LOCH LOMOND. 

BV F. MaKV COLI^IUHOUN. 



,£7fiN recent papers on the traditions of our 
ttf' " (.i>ueen of Scottish Lakes," I refrained 
=== purposely from entering on the vexed 
suliject of the feuds between the Colquhouns 
and the Macgregors. My reason for this was 
that as we have such esteemed and valued 
friends amongst our foes of forgone generations, 
I did not like to say a word which might hurt 
their feelings sliould their eyes come across any 
account of these " diti'erences." Since my 
papers have been published, however, I have 
been asked again to fight our old battles in pen 
and ink once more, and in this case I trust any 
descendants of Rob Roy will forgive my giving 
our side of the story. 

I must begin by saying that in those days 
when piracy wholesale on the high seas, as 
described by Froude in "Seamen of the 16th 
Century," was not considered the crime it would 
be thought of at the present time, ''lifting" of 
cattle was also more highly esteemed. Thus, 
the flocks and herds of the Colquhouns on the 
richly pastured " banks and braes of Loch 
Lomond " were very tempting to their neigh- 
bours, the Macfarlanes and the Macgiegors, 
who made frequent descents on the well 
nourished cattle, under the light of the moon 
" shining broad o'er the brow o' Ben Lomond." 



.\ GLIMISE OF THE COLQUHOUN COUNTRY 
AT GLESFRUIN. 



So common on .such occasions were these raids 
that the moon in the Lennox was called 
" Macfarlane's lamp." 

These predatory raids seem to have been the 
chief bone of contention between the Colquhouns 
and Macgregors, as the latter from all accounts 
appear to have been always the aggressors. 

Sir Walter Scott, in his introduction to "Rob 
Roy," attributes the origin of the animosity to 
the speedy vengeance taken by the Laird of 
Luss on two of the Macgregors, who having, 
when benighted, been denied shelter by a 
retainer of the Chief of Colquhoun took a 
wedder from the tenant's fold, killed it, and 
supped on it, for which they offered payment to 
the owner, but whom the Laird of Luss, in the 
exercise of his ample jiowers as a feudal baron, 
siezed, condemned and executed. In confirma- 
tion of the truth of this story, the Macgregors 
refer to the proverb, 'mult diib/i an eai-rabaill g/iil,' 
current among them, execrating the hour that 
the black wedder with the white tail was ever 
lambed. It is, however, very doubtful whether 
this incident ever occurred, and the terrible out- 
bursts of fury of the Macgregors against the 
Colquhouns were the results most likely of 
standing hostility between the two families. 
Among the Luss papers there are list of articles 
stolen by the Macgregors from tlje Colquhouns 
in the year L594 and in other years previous to 
1600, but in 1602 the Macgregors made more 
formidable inroads into the lands of Luss, and 
complaints were made against thern by the 
Chief of Colquhoun to King James, upon which 
His Majesty, dispensing with the provisions of 
an Act of Parliament forbidding the carrying of 
arms, granted permission to him and his tenants 



200 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



to wear various kinds ot oflensive weapons. 
The first of the raids referred to before between 
the Macgregors and Colquhouns took place on 
the 7th December, 1602, at Glenfinlas, two 
miles west of Rossdhu and three to the north of 
Glenfruin. This raid was headed by Duncan 
Mackewin Macgregor, tutor of Glenstrae. He 
led about 80 followers, quoting a contemporary 
paper of IjUss, " by way of oppression and reif," 
breaking open the doors of many tenants, and 
taking the plenishing out of their houses, 
beside 100 horses, 400 sheep, and 400 goats. 
Amongst the tenants displaced were, John 
Maccuslane of Caldenotu, John Leich of Culli- 
chipen, beside other tenants in Edintagert, 
Glenmacairne, Auchintullich, Finlas, Tomboy, 
Midross, etc., the houses plundered amounting 
to forty-five. Another Luss paper called the 
" Memorandum for Duncan Mackinturnour, 
Elder in Lus," records that in December, 1G02, 
at the herschip of Glenfinlas, two months before 
the day of Glenfruin, Duncan Mackewin 
Macgregor and his followers reft and took away 
from the said Duncan Mackinturnour 25 cows 
and 30 sheep. Alexander Colquhoun of Luss 
was advised by some friends to appear before 
the King at Stirling to complain of the depreda- 
tions and cruel murders committed by the 
Macgregors, and to take with him a numlicr of 
women carrying the bloody shirts of their 
murdered husbands and sons. This idea was 
suggested to him by Semjjle of Fulwood and 
William Stewart, Captain of Dumbarton Castle. 
The scene produced a strong sensation in the 
mind of the King and his sympathy was e.xcited 
towards the suflerers, while his resentment was 
roused against the Macgregors, on whom he 
vowed vengeance. As the speediest means of 
redress he granted a commission of lieutenancy 
to Alexander Colquhoun of Luss, investing him 
with power to repress crimes of the description 
from which lie had suffered, and to ajjprehend 
the perpetrators. This commission granted to 
their enemy roused the rage of the Macgregors, 
and Glenfruin with its disastrous consequences 
was the result. Sir llobert Gordon in his 
history of the " Earldom of Sutherland " 
mistakes the confiict of Glenfinlas, for the more 
serious one of Glenfruin which took place shortly 
afterwards. The Macgregors were the aggressors 
it will thus be seen, while Colquhoun was 
invested with a commission from the King to 
punish them for their lawlessness. The Battle 
of Glenfruin, "glen of sorrow" (so named before 
the encounter), was fought on the 7th of 
February, 1G03, near the farm of Strone or 
Auchengaich. The ground was unfavourable 
for the Colquhouns who were entrapped into it, 
and the clan was a mounted one. The Mac- 
gregors assembled in Glenfruin in two divisions, 



one at the head of the glen, and the other in 
ambuscade at a ravine called Crate. The 
Colquhouns came into Glenfruin from the 
Luss side by Glen Luss and Glen Mackurin. 
Alexander Colquhoun pushed on his forces in 
order to get through the glen before encoun- 
tering the INIacgregors, but aware of his approach 
Alaister ]\Iacgregor, captain of their band, also 
pu.shed one division of his forces forward, and 
entered at the head of the glen in time to 
prevent his enemy from emerging from the 
upper end of the ravine, whilst his brother, 
John Macgregor, with his division of his forces, 
which lay in ambuscade by a detour, took the 
rear of the Colquhouns which prevented their 
retreat down the glen without fighring their 
way through that section of the Macgregors 
who had got in the rear. The success of the 
stratagem by which the Colquhouns were thus 
placed between two fires seems to be the only 
way of accounting for the terrible slaughter of 
the Colquhouns and the less loss of the Mac- 
gregors. Alaister Macgregor at the head of the 
division charged furiously the Chief of Luss 
and his men. For a time they bravely main- 
tained the contest. An old weaver, who was 
on the Colquhoun side, is said to have been one 
of the best fighters on that day, and to have 
slain a good many of the INIaogrogors. In the 
unfavourable circumstances in which they had 
to fight the Colquhous became unable to main- 
tain their ground, and falling into a moss at 
Auchengaich, they were thrown into disorder 
and being now at the mercy of the Macgregors, 
who, taking advantage of the confusion, killed 
many of them, they made a retreat, and had to 
force their way through the men led by John 
Macgregor, whilst they were pushed behind by 
Alaister, who, reuniting the two divisions of 
the army, continued the pursuit Bnt even in 
the retreat the Colquhouns shewed their intre- 
pidity. One of them, when pressed hard by 
some of the Macgregors as he fied from the 
battle, on reaching the Coinach, a deep black 
pool of the Finlas in Shantron Glen, with 
savage rocks a hundred and twenty feet above 
the pool at the bottom where the sun never 
sheds a ray, by a desperate eflt)rt leaped the 
frightful chasm. Not one Macgregor ventured 
to follow him. The Colquhoun turned round, 
drew an arrow from his quiver, and shot the 
nearest of his pursuers as he stood wavering on 
the brink, and then gained his freedom. Who- 
ever fell into the hands of the victors, even 
defenceless women and children, were remorse- 
lessly put to death. The Chief was cha.sed to 
the castle door of Rossdhu, and his horse while 
leaping over a fall near Rossdhu was killed by 
a Macgregor. 

(I'o be continued.) 




CAMPBELL T. MACKAY. 




Mrs. CAMPBELL T. MACKAY. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY: 

A MAGAZINE FOR HIGHLANDERS. 

Edited by JOHN MACKAY, Glasgow. 



Xo. 11. Vol. v.] 



AUGUST, 189< 



[Price Threepence. 



CAMPBELL T. MACKAY, LIVERPOOL. 




ryJ^z quaiter have pas.sed 
^^r^ .since Colin Mackay, 
grandfather of the suliject of 
tliis ^^ketch, left his native 
place, Kiliuorack, Inverne.ss- 
shire, to seek his fortune in 
other parts. His eldest son, 
Hugh, was born at Pictou, 
Nova Scotia, in ]<S01. He was a man of con- 
siderable prominence in his day, being a merchant 
and shipowner of Liverpool, St. John, New 
Brunswick, and Quebec, Canada. He died in 
Canada in 186-t and was buried there. His 
youngest son, Campbell T. Mackay, of ''St. 
Fuy," Biundell Sands. Liverjiool (whose portrait, 
with that of his wife, we piesent with this 
issue), was born at Birkenhead, Cheshire, in 
1855. Most of his early life was spent at 
Quebec, but he was educated at the Liverpool 
College. When seventeen years of age he 
entered the mercantile house of W. H. Ross & 
Co., Liverpool, where he remained six jears. 
Thereafter he joined his uncles' firm, A. F. & D. 
Mackay, Wood Brokers, Canada Dock, Liverpool, 
became partner in 1881, and is now head of the 
business, having as partner his cousb, Mr. 
Archibald Forbes Mackay, only son of the late 
Mr. A. F. Mackay. The firm is one of the best 
known in the trade, their principal article of 
commerce being ''spruce deals," of which Mr. 
Mackay's brother, Mr. W. Malcolm Mackay of 
St. .John, New Brunswick, is the largest shipper 
in Canada, principally to the United Kingdom 
and Continental ports. 

In 1879 Mr. Mackay married Ada Marguerite, 
only surviving daughter of the late Mr. William 
Johnson, Banker, St. Helens, Lancashire, grand- 
daughter of the late Mr. Thomas Greenall 
Litton, of Sankey Hall, Warrington, a very old 



Lancashire family. They have one son only. 
Mr. Mackay is, of course, a life member of the 
Clan Mackaj- Society, which every " Real 
.Mackay '' ought to be, and takes a deep interest 
in its work. 



EXILED. 



■^/f^ STK ANGER I, in a weary land 
^K^J Where the men all strangers be. 

And never ray hand may hold a hand 

That is warm with love to me 
And it's oh, to be where in days of old 

My father's race held sway. 
Where tlie mists are rolled in waves of gold 

On the peaks i;>f the mountains gray. 
And the mighty dead with martial tread 

Swept down from the mountains gray ! 

In the land of the Celt, where my fathers dwelt 

By the sounding Northern wave, 
There would 1 kneel where my kindred knelt, 

And there would I find a grave I 
But far away are the islands blue 

That lie in the Western sea, 
And the dear old home my fathers knew 

Is home no more for me ; 
And the songs they sung in the ancient tongue 

Come only in dreams to me. 

For me there waits no welcome there, 

In the land of the setting sun ; 
No spirit breathes a heart-warm prayer 

For the peace of a homeless one. 
Ah, cold North-wind 1 as chill am I 

In the breath of the frozen Now. 
Swift cloud that movest across the sky, 

Love speeds as fleet as thou. 
For a desert sear is the lands face here. 

And sad, my soul, art thou. 

Is there never a voice can sing the songs. 

The old home songs again ( 
No crumb for a hungry soul that longs 

To share in the love of men '. 
A stranger I, in a stranger land. 

And a stranger I must be ; 
But oh, that my hand might hold a hand 

That is warm with love to me ! 
And oh, for the light of an eye that is bright 

With the dawning of love for me ! 

W. M. Whyte. 



202 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 







^ 



^ 



TRADITIONS OF LOCH LOMOND. 



By p. Mary Colquhoun. 



(Continued from pwje 200.) 

The Conflict of Glbnfruin, and 
Proscription of the Macgregors. 



|pCT|HE ruins of the castle are near the moilpni 
W^ mansion. When the pursuit ended the 
^■^^^ spoilation began. Six hundred cows and 
oxen, eiyht hundred sheep and goats, tr«o 
hundred horses, and much "plenishing" were 
carried oft' as plunder, and fire was set to many 
of the houses and barnyards of the tenantry. 
Among the Macgregors who were slain at Ulen- 
fruin was John Dhu Macgregor, surnaraed 
" Nan Lurach " (of the Mail), who fell by an 
arrow from one of the Colquhouns whilst his 
party were pursuing them after the conflict. 
The event is noted by the bard of the Colquhouns, 
whose Gaelic lines may be freely translated, 
thus : 

" Quickly didst thou wheel, 
Stripling Mackintogh, 
By thee was slain 
John of the Mail, 
Macgregor's son victorious." 

The burial jilace of those who fell in the 
Battle of Glenfruin is near the head of the glen 
of that name ; where the battle begun is on the 



A GLIMr.SE OF THE COLQUHOUN COUNTRY 
AT GLENFRUIN. 



farm^of Auchengaich, which conducts from Glen 
Makurin and Glen Luss into Glenfruin.- It is 
marked by a green mound planted with six 
mountain fir trees and two rowan trees. This 
mound is sixty-six paces in circumference. The 
field is level, and it is bounded by the Fruin 
and Auchengaich burn on the .south and west. 
The resentment of the King and Government 
was intensely inflamed against the Clan Gregor, 
whose lawless deeds culminated in the terrific 
scenes enacted at Glenfruin. 

In the trials which took place from the 20th 
May, 1603, to March 2nd, 1604, thirty-five of 
the Macgregors were convicted of " high crimes 
and misdemeanour," and only one acquitted. 
In all these instances it appears, from Birrel's 
Diary, the sentence of death was carried into 
effect. Alaister Macgregor, the head of the 
Macgregors, did not fall into the hands of the 
Government till a year after the Battle of 
Glenfruin. He had been almost entrapped by 
Campbell of Ardkinglass, Sheriff of Argyllshire, 
who, intending to arrest him, sent him to the 
Earl of Argyll. He received an invitation to 
a banquet in the Earl's house on an islet of the 
loch, was then made prisoner, and placed in a 
boat guarded by five men. Macgregor, however, 
seeing his situation, leaped out of the corracle, 
and gained the shore in safety. He was less 
successful in eluding Archibald, Earl of Argyll, 
who, according to Birrell, captured him and had 
him conducted to Berwick by the guard iu 
accordance with the Earl's promise that he 
would place him on Scottish ground. The 
author writes, " Swa the Erie keipit ane Hie- 
landmanis promes, in respect he sent the gaird 
to convoy him out of Scottis ground, but thai 
were not drectit to pairt with him, bot to fetche 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



■203 



him bak agane." The military escort couductcd 
their prisoner but a little way past the bridge of 
Berwick-on-Tweed, and then made him turn 
again to Edinburgh, on the ISth of January, 
1604, for his trial. Two days afterwards lie 
and four of his clan, Patrick Aldoche Macgregor, 
William Macneile, his servant, Duncan Pudrace 
Macgregor, and Alaister Macgregor Macean, 
were tried before the High Court of Justiciary 
for the crime of treason, in bavins: attacked the 



Chief of Colquhoun whilst armed with a Royal 
Commission to resist the " cruel enterprises " of 
the Macgregors. The Laird of Grantully, tte 
Chief of Menzies, and Donach Dhu of Glenurchy, 
were amongst the jurors. Having been found 
guiltj', Alaister Macgregor and his four accom- 
plices were doomed to be hanged at the Cross of 
Edinburgh on the same day. The sentence was 
carried out to the letter, and the gibbet on 
which Alaister Macgregor was hanged, as 




[C?««.« 



described by Birrell, was " his awin hicht aboon 
the rest of his friendis," their lands and heritages 
being forfeited. The heads of Alaister and his 
associate, Patrick Aldoch Macgregor, were by 
the orders of the Govenment sent to Dunbarton 
to be placed on the Tolbooth there. On the 
13th of February, 1604, the Town Council of 
Duubarton " concludit and ordanit that the Laird 
of Macgregor's held, with Patrick Auldochy, 
his held, be put up on the Tolbuith, on the maist 



convenient place the Baillies and Counsall 
thinkis guid." 

Eighteen other executions of the Macgregors 
followed at the Market Cross of Edinburgh for 
being art and part in the " slaughters fire- 
raising, reif and herschippis, committed in the 
month of February, 1603, against the Laird of 
Luss, his friends and partakers, or for inter- 
communing w-ith the Laird of Macgregor, and 
reset of him and his friends." 



504 



The CELTIC MONTHLY. 



While tracing the severe measures of Govern- 
ment towards the Macgregors, we may also note 
the terms on which Government were disposed 
to shew leniency towards the clan. These terms 
involved their renouncing their surnames, and 
finding security for future submission. On the 
lOtli September, 1G06, a number of the race of 
Macgregor " personally compeared " before the 
Earl at Doune of Monteith. They adopted sur- 
names such as Stewart, Dougald, Grant, and 
Cunninghame, and swore that in all time 
coining they should call themselves and their 
offspring by their adojited names under pain of 
death. For those who agreed to these terms 
the Earl of Argyll voluntarily became surety, 
under pecuniary penalties varying from two 
hundred to five hundred nierks from each, that 
they would be "dutiful and submissive subjects 
to the King, and that all for wliom they were 
answerable as well as for themselves, should 
swear allegiance to His Majesty." — (Copy Act 
at Rossdhu). The Earl of Argyll in recognition 
of his services against the Macgregors was 
granted by King James VI. as mucli of the 
lands and lordship of Kintyre as would yield a 
yearly rent of 20 chalders of victual, with 
20,000 merks Scots. 

The Macgregors were driven to desperation 
by the punishment inflicted against their pro- 
scribed clan. Being beyond the pale of protec- 
tion of the law, they often retaliated the wrongs 
they supposed had been committed on them, on 
those who were empowered to punish them by fire 
and sword. They continued to harass the Chief of 
Colquhoun and the natives of the Lennox, and 
Alexander Colquhoun had occasion to renew his 
complaints of the predatory raids of the 
Macgregors done on himself and tenantry. 
The Privy Council, hearing of their renewed 
spoliations, ado]ited renewed and stringent 
measures against the marauders, who were 
wont to seek shelter in the lochs, where they 
defied their enemies. Thus in IGIO, 6th 
September, it was ordained that all His Majesty's 
subjects who owned boats and coracles on these 
■waters should be forbidden from carrying any 
members of Clan Gregor on any pretence what- 
ever, under the pain of being punished with all 
vigour as assisters of the said clan in their 
" criminal enterprises." 

Despairing of clemency from Government the 
Macgregors mustered in an island of Loch 
Katrine, fortifying it with men. sword, powder 
and bullets, meaning to keep it as a jilace of 
defence from His Majesty's troops. It was 
thus needful to the success of the ftoyal troops 
in pursuit of these " woulffis and thevis " that 
the boats and birlins on Loch Lomond should 
be transported to Loch Katrine, and the l^ords 
of the Privy Council summoned by proclama- 



tion at the Market Cross of Dunbarton, Stirling, 
Doune, and Monteith, all His Majesty's subjects 
between sixteen and sixty years of age within 
the six parishes of Lenno.x to meet at the head 
of Loch Lomond on the 12lh of February, for 
the purpose of carrying the boats and coracles 
on Loch Lomond to Loch Katrine. 

Alexander of Colquhoun was resolved to head 
his clan to fight their foes of Macgi'egor. On 
the 31st of January, 1611, he a]ipeared at 
Stirling with other distinguished personages, 
including the Eatl of Tullibardine, Lord Moray 
and his son Henry, I^ord St. Colne, Sir Duncan 
Campbell of Glenurchay, Sir George Buchanan 
of that ilk, James Campbell of Lawers, and 
Andrew Macfarlane of Arrochar. Each of them 
undertook " to go to the fieldis and to enter in 
action and bloode against " the Clan Gregor 
before the 13th of February, 1611, and to 
prosecute that service for a month at his own 
charges. The King was then to defray the 
expenses of a hundred men to assist them, while 
they wore to bear the cost of another hundred 
men till the service was ended. The Lords of 
the Council also ordained a missive to be 
written to Duncan Campbell, Captain of Carrick, 
requiring him to " remove all boats out of Loch 
Long and Lochegoyl), to prevent the proscribed 
clan having passage to these lochs." We thus 
see that all means were used to extirpate the 
Macgregors. Sir Walter Scott and Hogg both 
find themes for their muse in the tragedy, 
one taking the part of the Colquhouns and the 
other of the Macgregors, on whom " a feast 
should be common for years to the eagles of 
Lennox and Lomond.'' 



SONG FOR THE LUSS HIGHLAND 
GATHERING— AUGUST, 1897. 



Oh ! clansmen of Lennox — again have we met — 
Some with hearts here are heavy— all wild with 

regret — 
And some— looking forward with boundless delight 
To a future of joy ever hidden from sight. 

'Tis a year since we parted beside our blue lake, 
Did ye heed to the words that I spoke to you then? 
Have ye followed your leader and fought for his 

sake. 
Have ye wrestled and come forth victorious men ? 

I know not — but ye know if true ye have been 
To your hearths and your altars, your God and 

your Queen ! 
With a strong arm to aid you, tho' hidden from 

sight. 
You will win in tlie battle — and gain in his might ! 

F. Mary CouiUHOUN. 




ADMIR/^L ROBERTSON-MACDONALD. 



THE f'ELTIO MONTHLY. 



203 



ADMIRAL D. ROBERTSON-IVIACDONALD. 




t^/^DMIRAL DAVID ROBERTSON- 
^P^ MACDONALD is the sixth son of 
J^^ the late Lieutenant-Colonel and Mrs. 
Robertson-Macdonald of Kinlochmoidart, and is 
now the representative of that branch of the 
Macdonalds. On his father's side he is the 



grandson of Principal Roliertson, historian of 
Scotland and Charles V. ; on his mother's side 
a great-grandson of Donald Macdonald of Kin- 
lochmoidart, who was one of the first to take up 
the Stuart cause in 1745, and died for his King 
and Country at Carlisle in 174(5. 

The Admiral was born in August, 1817, 
entered the Royal Navy in 1831 and served on 
various stations. In 1842 he was engaged 
during the Chinese war in the operations up the 
Yang-tse-kiang; and afterwards served as Acting 
Commander of H.M.S. "Hazard" at the out- 
break of the first New Zealand war, and was 
severely wounded and his thigh broken in 
defending the town of Kororarika from the 
attack of an overwhelming body of natives on 
11th March, 184:-"). For his services on this 
occasion he received his promotion, and was 
presented with a sword, and received a vote of 
thanks from the various settlements in New 
Zealand. 

He afterwards served on the West Coast of 
Africa in putting down the slave trade, and 
liberating four hundred and thirty slaves. He 
was nearly seven years Inspecting Commander 
in the Coast C4uard and got his promotion as 
Captain for his services in that capacity. He 
was seventeen years Assistant Inspector of life- 
boats to the Royal National Lifeboat In.stitution, 
and received the silver medal and a model of a 
lifeboat and carriage for his services in saving 
life. 




PKINX'E CH.^KI,IE'.S W.\[,K-KINUICiI.MUIli.VRT llULiE. 



206 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 





HEPOyALQCOTS^ 



' ^^r<«^if pmm 'T':'' i'^ i'':iiih!^[i!i!g*»*^ 



G^E/S. 



8Y 



'%u 



^ i^l ^ JOHN MACKAY, CE.JP. 



HF PEFORD 



Part XV. — {Continued Jrom page 188). 

The Crimka — Balaclava. 

Ipl^lHE Waterloo campaign was followed liy a 
W^ long period of home service for the 
(jj^ "Greys." We will now pass on to the 
year 18.54, when Russia, weary of peace, sought 
in her am'iition to overwhelm Turkey, was 
arrested in her wilful aggression by the united 
action of Britain and France. War was declared 
against the Czar on the 27th March, 18.54, and 
in April a British force was despatched to the 
East. 

The Scots Grey had been for some time in 
Nottingham and had become very popular in 
that town, when their commanding oHicer, 
Colonel Darby Griffiths, received orders to hold 
them in readiness to embark for the seat of war. 
The final order for departure was received on 
the 2nd July, 1854, and the Mayor and other 
influential inhabitants at once arranged to bid 
the " Greys" a public farewell. 

Early on Monday, 3rd July, the regiment 
quitted the barracks, and marched to the 
Exchange, in front of which it was formed up 
in square. The Mayor and Corporation, with 
several magistrates and gentlemen of the town 
and country then arrived, and the ancient 
" loving cup " of the Corporation being handed 
round, they drank to the health of Colonel 
Griffiths, his officers and men, wishing them 
" God's speed," amid the heartiest cheers of the 
spectators. Other toasts were drunk and 
speeches delivered, after which the regiment 




marched from the town en route for Liverpool, 
the jiort of embarkation. 

In September the " Greys " landed in the 
Crimea and ioined the army at the Katcha, a 
few days after the Battle of Alma ; were 
attached to the Heavy Cavalry Brigade com- 
manded by Brigadier General James Yorke 
Scarlett. The regiments brigaded with the 
"Greys" were their former couipanions-in-arms 
at Waterloo and other fields of battle — the 
Royals, and the Inniskillin Dragoons, and the 
4th and 5th Dragoon Guards. 

During the advance upon Sebastopol, the 
cavalry were several times engaged with the 
retiring Russians ; and on the 2Gth September 
a party of the "Greys," dismounting, skirmished 
through a wood, where some Russians, throwing 
themselves down and pretending to be dead, 
rose after the " Greys " had passed, and fired on 
them, for which dastardly and treacherous ruse 
they were, as they deserved to be, all put to 
death (Hamley). 

On the following day the town of Balaclava 
was occupied by the allies, and on the 17th 
October, 1854, the Siege of Sebastopol was 
actually commenced. 

The Russians under Menschikofl and Gorts- 
chakoff made every effort to combat their daring 
enemies, and were concentrating all their 
available forces to attack the flank and rear of 
the allied position, and make a grand attempt to 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



207 



stop, and if possible raise the siege. As early 
as the 10th October, there were rumours afloat 
of infantry and artillery being seen gathering in 
the valleys in the rear and Hank of this position. 
Early in the morning of the 18th a vidette 
was observed "circling left" most energetically. 
This being reported, the Roll Call to " boot and 
saddle " was lieard, and tlie Scots Greys and a 
troop of horse artillery assembled with the 
remaining cavalry on the plain ; the 93rd 
Sutherland Highlanders got under arms, and 
the batteries on the heights were manned 
immediately. The distant pickets were seen to 
advance when a dragoon dashed over the plain 
with the intelligence that the enemy was rapidly 
advancing. Then the cavalry and infantry 
moved'rtowards" the eminence from which the 



signal had been given by the vidette. The 
Turks opened fire from the advanced entrench- 
ments, upon which the Muscovites halted in 
their advance, and in the evening lighted their 
watch fires, which at night shone brightly in 
the darkness. These tires were attentively 
watched, but when the sun rose and the mist 
dissipated no Russians were to be seen. 

During the nc^it day. thn vidette was seen to 
be " circling right,'' signifying the apjtroach of 
cavalry, " circling left" meant the approach of 
infantry. " Boot and saddle " resounded again 
through the cavalry encampment with the same 
result as on the preceding day. ' On the 20th 
the vidette " circled left and right." Trumpets 
responded. "Boot and saddle," "bugle and 
drum," called cavalry and infantry to arms and 




CHARGE OF THE SCOTS OREV.S; .\ND FRENCH "EAGLES' TAKEN ."iT W.^TERLIIO. 



march to meet the foe, but the only amusement 
atiorded the troops was to listen to a few shots 
from the Turkish entrenched batteries. It was 
a reconnaissance in force. The Russian General 
having obtained the required view of the allied 
position retired behind the hills. 

On the 22nd, meanwhile, the Russians opened 
a very heavy cannonade from Sebastopol upon 
the French, and at night made an artful and 
stealthy sortie upon tlieir batteries and spiked 
tire mortars, much to the chagrin of our allies. 

From all the information now received it 
became evident that the Russians had made 
every prepartion for an attack on Balaclava, 
the port into which all British ships brought 
supplies for the siege and army. If they could 
capture it, the siege would be stopped. They 



had obtained by previous observations such as 
have been described, and by night Cossack 
[latrols who eluded our sentries, every needed 
information regarding the allied po.sition behind 
Balaclava, that it was too extensive to be held 
and defended by the comparatively few troops 
they had observed around it. 

Lord Raglan was aware of this fact, for on 
the 13th October he sent Sir Colin Campbell to 
take charge of the defence of the town, and as a 
reinforcement take the 93rd with him, and do 
all he thought requisite to strengthen the 
entrenchments and redoubts around it. 

At 7-30 on tiie eventful morning of the 25th 
October, an orderly from Sir Colin came 
galloping in to the headquarters camp with the 
news that at dawn a strong corps of Russian 



208 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



cavalry, infantry, and artillery had debouched 
from the hills and valleys to the east into the 
valley of Balaclava and had expelled the Turks 
from No. 1 Redoubt, and opened fire on Nos. 
2, ?>, and 4. 

Lord Lucan, who was with his cavalry 
division in the immediate vicinity of the 
redoubts, Vjrought up his guns and some cavalry, 
but he was obliged to retire owing to the 
superior number and weight of the Russian 
guns. 

Lord Raglan issued orders to the Duke of 
Cambridge and Sir George Cathcart to put their 
divisions forthwith in motion for the scene of 
action. Canrobert was at once advised of the 
attack in force by the Russians ; that General 
immediately ordered Bosquet with his division 
and a strong force of artillery and 200 Chasseurs 
d' Afrique to assist in holding the position. 
Meanwhile Sir Colin Campbell had drawn up the 
93rd a little in front of the road to Balaclava. 
The marines on the heights above that town on 
the east got under arms, the batteries were 
manned, and the French artillerymen and 
Zouaves prepared for action along their lines. 
Lord Lucan's camp was the scene of great 
excitement, and prepared to operate on the 
enemy's squadrons. 

A certain feeling existed in some quarters 
that our cavalry had not been properly handled 
since they landed in the Crimea, and that they 
had lost golden opportunities from the indecision 
and excessive caution of their commanders. It 
was atfirmed that the light cavalry were utterly 
useless in the performance of the most important 
duties, foraging for the army — that they were 
" above their business, and too fine gentlemen 
for their work." The existence of this feeling 
was known to many of the cavalry, they were 
indignant, and exasperated that the faintest 
shade of suspicion should be cast upon any of 
their corps With the justice of these aspersions 
they seemed to think they had nothing to do, 
and perhaps the prominent thought in their 
minds was that they would give such an example 
of courage to the world, if the chance afford 
itself, as would shame their detractors for ever. 

If the exhibition they were to shew this day, 
of the most brilliant valour, of the excess of 
courage, and of a daring which would ha\e 
reflected lustre on the best days of chivalry 
could afford consolation for what was to happen 
this day, we had no cause to regret the melan- 
choly loss sustained in the approaching contest. 

At the moment the Redoubts Nos. 1 and 2 
were carried by Russians, and their horsemen 
were chasing the Turks across between Nos 1 
and 2. The cavalry under Lord Lucan in 
glittering masses (the light cavalry under Lord 
Cardigan, the heavy under Brigadier General 



Scarlett) were drawn up in front of 'their 
encampment, having been ordered by Lord 
Raglan to retire from their advanced position as 
the French were coming forward, and by the 
recall of Lucan there would be time to bring 
them into play before the enemy could do much 
beyond what he had accomplished. 
(To be continued.') 



A SONNET OF HARVEST HOME. 



See ! what a light of lonliness doth lie 
Over the autumn-tinted hill and plain ! 
What tho' the glory of the golden grain 
Has gone from hence to swell the garner high. 
What tho' no more the happy reapers' cry 
Rouses an echo down the rustling lane. 
And but the wastes of poppies red remain 
Where waved the wealth of wheat and oats and 

rye, 
la there no charm in the solemnity 
Of the reaped fields and the fast falling leaves ; 
No ringing joy which seems its voice to raise 
In the mute eloquence of gathered sheaves J 
JDoes not all nature plead with man to praise 
Our Bread of Life now and eternally '. 

Ma VCR Allan. 



Clan Maclean Association. — Major J. Bayne 
Maclean, of the Dochgarroch Macleans, Montreal, 
Canada, President of the Clan Maclean in America, 
Donald Maclean, Solicitor, Carditi', and Mrs. 
Maclean, Besaborough Street, London, widow of 
the late Colonel Alexander Maclean, 94th Regiment, 
of the Crosspool and Coll Macleans, have become 
life members of the Association. The Annual 
Social Gathering takes place in Glasgow on 22nd 
October. 

The Clan Grant Society. — By invitation of 
the Countess of Seafield a number of the members 
of this Society from Glasgow, Edinburgh, and 
elsewhere in Scotland visited Grantown and Castle 
Grant and the Strathapey district on 7th July. 
Among those present were Messrs. James Grant, 
President, Robert Grant, of Mucker, F. J. Grant, 
W.S., R. C. Grant, Peter Grant, Treasurer, John 
Grant, Writer, Glasgow, Secretary, Dr. Alfred 
Grant, Captain A. C. Grant, Rev. James Grant, 
M.A., etc They visited first the mausoleum at 
Duthel, where the Chiefs of the Grants are interred. 
From whence they visited the old CasLle of 
Muckerack, and Castle Grant, the seat of the 
Lairds of Grant and Earls of Strathspey. Here a 
splendid dinner was provided by the Coinitesa, and 
various toasts proposed. The party were then 
shewn the various family portraits and objects of 
interest in the castle, including many valuable 
pictures and books, as well as the old banners of 
the clan and the armour and Hint-lock guna used 
by the Strathspey Fencibles. The day was very 
fine, and the party met with a hearty welcome 
wherever they went, and received many cordial 
invitations to return. Fifteen life members were 
enrolled by Mr. James Grant, the enthusiastic 
President of the Society. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



209 



OUR MUSICAL PAGE. 



|p[3||HE following song and melody appears in 
X^ Volume II. of " Albyn's Anthology," 
^J^ published in 1818. The editor, Alex- 
ander Cam.pbell, adds the following note : — 
"This melody, which is acknowledged pretty 
old, was taken down by the editor in 179."), from 
the singing of the worthy ingenious author of 
the Gaelic words adapted to it, namely, Colin 
Campbell, Esq., of Glenmore, Argyllshire, then 
Sheriff-substitute, and Collector of the Customs 
for the south-west district of Inverness-shire. 
The hero of the song in question was his 
particular friend, the late Captain Peter 
Campbell, one of the gallant Highlanders who 
distinguished themselves at the Battle of Min- 
den ; it is but a few months since he died ; a 
bachelor, at the advanced age of eighty-three 
years. He himself was a good Gaelic song- 
maker — was a pleasant and honest man. He 



was reckoned the best deer-stalker of his day." 
It may be added that this gallant Highlander 
was known in the west as " Fa>-<i mor Ardseile." 
He is the author of the hunting song " T/wgainn 
fonn air lory an fheidit " — gaily I would hunt the 
deer — and " Mairi ur/," a term of endearment 
applied to his trusty gun. His remains were 
interred in the Craigs hurying-ground, Fort- 
William. On his tombstone we find the 
following unique inscription : — " Sacred to the 
memory of Captain Peter Campbell, late of the 
42nd Regiment, who died on the XIII. of 
December, MDCCCXVL, aged eighty-three 
years. A true Highlander, a sincere friend, 
and the best deer-stalker of his day." 

It may be added that Captain Campbell was 
an e.xceedingly handsome man, being six feet 
four inches in height and possessing the strength 
of a Hercules. Fionn 



IS FADA THA Ml 'M AONAR-I'M L<VNG MY LANE. 

Key F. Modcrato. 



d . d : r 

ho-rinn 6, 



To bide a 



hi ri, ho 
lane full loath am 



., r 1 


n . d 


: f ., r 1 


d 


Is 


fada 


tba mi "m 


aon 


Of 


single 


life Fni 


we 



. li I d . d r ., n I d' ., ri : r ., r | n . s s ., s I d' ; s 

I ho-rinn 6, hi ri, ho - y6, Is fada tha mi 'n aon - ar 

My winsome May to win I'll try. She's couthie aye and Jchee - ry : 



. f I n . f : s ., s I 
O righ 's gur .fada 

To double one's exis 



d' ., s 

fada 
■ tence 



cian, 'S gur fada 
sure la ration 



tha mi 'm aon 
al and pleas 



( .n I t . r 
'Se ciiram 
Then why sli 



mu na 
)uld I sae 



muirichinn, 
lane; endure 



, f I n . d 
A chum mi 
A laneaome 



air an 
life sae 



t seol 
teas 



An uair a bha mi 'm fhleasgach og 

Gun tug mi greis air orain, 
'S mi mire ris na nigheanan, 

'N uair bha mi cridheil gorach ; 
Cha robh te a thach'radh orm 

Nach feuchainn bias a pbige, 
'S gu 'n dh'e'isd iad ri mo mhiinran, 

O'n bha mi dana seulta. 

Ach nis o'n laidh an aois orm 

Cha 'n e'iad iad ri mo chomhradh, 
'S 'nuair shuidheas mise liimh riu 

Fkgaidh iad mi m' bnar. 
'N uair theannas mi ri siigradh 

Gu 'm fkg siud uirigioll dhbrahsa, 
'S ann their gach te' ri cheile, 

" A shean-duin', 'a treun do dhochus. 



The little birds all woo and pair, 

While sweetly they are singing. 
The modest primrose, gowan fair, 

(Sae lovely all up-springing.) 
Are linked in bands o' mutual love. 

And gaily smile and blossom, 
Sae I, like them, my May will prove, 

And take her to my bosom. 

Then welcome holy wedlock joys ! 

I'll live nae langer single, 
The winsome darling o' my choice. 

Will grace my tidy ingle. 
Belyve, my biytheaome, bonny bride, 

Sae loving, leal, and canty, 
Wdl prove niy sielfu' routh and pride. 

Though warl's gear be scanty. 



•210 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



TO CORRESPONDENTS. Among the nine Scottish advocates wlio have 

All Communications, on literary and businett just had the honour of Q. C. conferred upon them, 

matterg, should be addressed to the Editor, air. tTOHfl we are pleased to note the name of Sheriff -Eneas 

arACKAT,» niythswood Drive, Glasgow. j (j Mackay, M.A., LL.D., first President of the 

I gi I Clan Mackay Society. 

TERMS OP SUBSCRIPTION.— Tht CELTIC Her GRiCB the Duchess of Sutherland, at 

.^., ,„„,,, ... , , , f . „„., „„w /,/ *t, at a meeting of the Caledonian Christian Club held 

MONTHLY mill be sent, post free, to any part of me . c.- i>- j tj t i j iu t ii ^„„ 

, „ . . c. J II in Stafford House, London, made the following 

United Kingdom, Canada, the United States, and aU characteristic remarks in regard to the duties of 

countriei in the Postal Union—for one year, it. ra,-nk : — " Any thinking person must wish to break 

^ ^^^ ^^.,^^,_^ -.^^ - -^ - down class distinction. Rank was but an extra 

~ TT tool to be consecrated to God for the service of 

The LiELTlC IVIONTHLY. ^^n to do all the good they were sent to do. Let 

AUGUST, 1897 US shake hands and rest assured that the only lady 

^.^^„^.,_.,„ ,^^^ ,^~^ — ^-~ — and gentleman, whether rich or poor, were those 

who behaved as such." It is pleasing to know that, 

C OPJTErs r T S. ^^^ j^^^^^^ several of the Highland nobility follow the 

Camibbll T. Mackay, LivBRr..,.L (»ith plates), - - - 2"! excellent and noble example of our Sutherland lady. 

ExiiBj (poem), ' ^"* JuBiLEE HONOURS. — We are glad to notice that 

Traditions of Loch Lomond (illustrated), • ■ - - 202 ^^q (,{ ^m- subscribers have been honoured with a 

SoNQ FOR THE Luss H18HLASD Gatherino, - - 2M Q g — namely, Colonel Sir Fitzroy D. Maclean, 

Admiral D. RoBERTSo.N-MAcboNAi.n, (with pl.ite), • - 205 Bart., chief of the clan ; and Colonel Alan 

Tan BofAL Scots Orets, Part XV, (illustrated). • 206 Colquhoun of Colquhoun, cousin of Sir James 

A Sonnet or Harvest Home (poem), 2os Colquhoun, Bart., of Luss, chief of the clan. Both 

OCR Mi'sicAL Page, -i.s kada tha mi 'h aonair, ■ • -209 ^^^ ^^jj worthy of the honours conferred upon them_ 

ToourReadebb . - - • ■ ■ ■ ■ • ;-" The Mod.— The arrangements for the Mod," 

Tiis WooiNO OF AibEEN the Fair (illustrated), - • -in , ■ , ■ \ , , ,, .-.■ ° ■ t „ „ J. 

minor Sep™ of Clan CHArrAN (illustrated). .... 213 which IS to be held this year in Inverness, are now 

Dinca.MacGekgor (with plate), 2ir, completed, and full particulars of the various 

The Highland Baopipf. ; its history, music, &c. (illust), - 2l(i competitions will be found in our advertising pages. 

The Highlanders of Scotland (illustrated), - - . - 218 This year's gathering promises to surpass those of 

An Old Strathglass Smuggler, 220 former years in regard to the number of competitors, 

the increased prize list, and the general interest 

NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS. which it has created among Gaels in all parts of 

' the kingdom. 

Our in:.i is^it, will comphtr r<:himc V. As irc -y^^ Francis D. Mackay, Joint Secretary of 

fli-e auj-imts to complete our List of t^ubscn kis Jf.r ^^^ London Inverness-shire Association, and a 

Volume VI. as soon as po.'^sMe, we shall fed ol,li,j.,l j^^g^^^g^ ^^ the "Clan Mackay," has been appointed 

if those who desire the '' CelHc to be sent for on.. tl„ r j^jj^ncial manager to the firm of Messrs. Wiel 

year ivill kindly fonmr.l fhar onniiol s}i.:<,-ni.li..ii^ Brothers, South Africa. Another associate member 

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Drive, Glasijoiv. li.'.ul.r^ ..-.I! .■m.j.r ., J, (,■.,„,■ ni.on National Bank of the South African Republic, 

ushy giviitri thisthnr iMiiiedude oftenfion. London, has also received an appointment at 

OUR NEXT ISSUE. Johannisburg. Africa of late years has made a 

.„ . , ^ , ., J , ■ , . , heavy drain on the most talented of the youth of 

We will give plate portraits and biographical ^^^ Hi-rhlands 

sketches of MajorGeneral George M'Bain Far- . ^'' t ' o ■ u ■ c j it, 

<|uharson, of Breda; Dr. Allan Maclean, Weymouth; A Clan Lindsay Society is being formed the 

■and Mr. Archibald Maclean, Berlin, Germany, proposed subscriptions being : life-members, £5 5s. ; 

held over from this issue. We are making arrange- ordinary, lOs. The Society is surely intended to be 

nients for the new volume which commences in ^ery exclusive, judging by the subscriptions. In 

October, and will give particulars in our next issue. t^e olden days, when fighting had to be done, the 

-,r -IT rT iu 1 i- c t\ 1 Clan did not limit itself in this way. 

Volume V. — On the completion of the volume ,. ... j. n o . 

ne.xt month we will be able to offer a few copies of The Rev. John Sinclair of Minnesota, U.S.A., 

the yearly volume, tastefully ^ound, for Id - post has discovered what he considers conclusive evidence 

free. As we will only be able to offer a very limited of tis claim to be sixteenth Earl of Caithness, 

number of complete sets those who desire copies The Clan Menzies presented Her Majesty the 

should apply at once to the Editor, !t Blythswood Queen with an illuminated address on the occasion 

Drive, Glasgow. Two copies each of the last two of her Diamond Jubilee. 

volumes may still be had, Volume HI., 20/-; Highland Soi^iety of London's Bursaries. — 

Volume IV., ]()/-, post free. Sutherland students seem to have done excep- 

"MiNOR Sei-ts of Clan Chattan."— The small tionally well this year, no less than four having 

edition of this handsome volume by Dr. Charles secured bursaries, two of them being Mackays. 

Fraser-Mackintosh, which is now in the press, is The Glasgow Cowal Society have presented 

already nearly all subscribed for. The work will the late Secretary, Mr. Robert Murray, with a 

probably command two or three times the published valuable testimonial, in acknowledgment of his 
price as soon as issued. Readers desirous of 
securing copies should communicate with us at 
<jnce. The iirice is 21/-. See our advertising pages. 



services. 

The members of the Edinburgh Sutherland 
Association had a pic-nic to Kirkcaldy on 10th July. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



211 



THE WOOING OF AILEEN THE FAIR. 



Jt^^jllTILL and glassy were the waters of Loch 
^S^ Scresort. The summer heat lay winking 
^s' upon them in a shimmering haze. There 
was no sound anywhere to break the silence of 
the sultry noon unless it might be the calling of 
a pyot as it came swiftly over the waters from 
the far shores of Sleat, or the splash of a rising 
fish. At the head of the loch the moors rolled 
back in the haze until they lost themselves up 
among the corries of Haskeval and Haleval, 
where the hinds lay panting under the shadow 
•of the scuirs and looked down on the Atlantic, 
with its distant islands set like dusky gems on 
a polished glass. 

Down in the hamlet of Kinloch the cattle 
had waded into the sea and were standing dumb 
and stupid with 
the heat, and 
at the clachan 
the trees were 
casting a blue 
shadow on the 
turf, where a 
tame stag lay 
asleep after its 
mid-day meal. 

All through 
the noontide 
the silence lay 
over the Isle of 
Ridges. But 
in the evening 
a wind came 
in fpom the 
sea and ruffled 
the waters so 
gently with its 
coming that 

the Atlantic was changed into one vast expanse 
of .sapphire blue, over which the sea-birds 
wheeled and' whirled flashing white at every 
turn. 

Then the sun went down ; and the soft winds 
fell. Far up on the slopes of Haskeval and 
Haleval the sunset dyed the mountains red, and 
the whaups went crying above the heather, and 
in the gloom of a corrie a great hart brayed. 
Down in the hamlet the reek was rising among 
the trees, and the men and women and bairns 
were out on the shore or sitting about the doors 
to enjoy the cool airs of the evening. 

From the door of the schoolhou.se, that stood 
by itself on the eastern shore of the loch, came 
the figure of a girl. She was tired with the 
teaching of the day and set out along the shore 
towards the point where the each-uisge rose out 
of the water, sometimes in the mouth of a 




THE HOME OF AILEEN THE FAIR. 



summer night. Very pleasant and win.some 
was she to look upon, and the women of Kinlojh 
called her Aileen the Fair. She was a stranger 
in the hamlet and had come from Benbecula — 
the isle of the thousand waters. The blue eye.s 
of her and the wealth of flaxen hair, and the 
tall lythe form told of her Norse descent. In 
her veins flowed the blood of the very Sea-.Tarls 
who had given the names to the hills above her 
that were now red with the setting of the sun. 
The coming of Aileen was like the coming of 
the dawn, and the fairness of her beauty made 
the men of Kinloch forget aught else wlien they 
met her on the hill. 

When she reached the point she sat down 

and began to gaze across the loch. There was 

a white light in the eyes of her as she looked, 

and always from her lips came the same words 

repeated in a whisper, "Mo chridlie, mo chridhe'" 

(My love, my 

love!) This 

was the secret 

of Aileen 

which she kept 

from all the 

women of the 

hamlet, and 

only told on 

the summer 

nights to the 

little green 

men that came 

up out of the 

water with 

green glaives at 

their belts, and 

magic songs on 

their lips, and 

the scent of 

the sea-wrack 

upon them. 

And always as she listened to the sound of the 

waves it was one voice that she heard, and 

always as she looked across the loch it was for 

one face that she yearned — the voice and the 

face of Padraig Cam. 

Padraig Cam was the most mis-shapen man 
in the Isle of Ridges. He was crooked in the 
limbs, and when he walked he shauchled over 
the heather with a lurch in his gait that was 
queersome to see. This was how the folks came 
to call him Padraig Cam. But there was no 
crookedness in his soul. In the coal-black eye 
of him there would burn a fire at times when 
the men in their jesting said anything against a 
woman, so that Padraig's eye was a terror to 
the lads of Kinloch when they went after their 
mischief. 

The women said that Padraig with all his 
namely ways and his big soul and his black eye, 



•212 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



would never be wed. The young girls tittered 
whenever they met him up at the sheilings, and 
the lads laughed at his crooked gait. So it was 
in the Isle of Ridges as in every other place, 
the women had an eye for a shapely man. 

But in spite of the tittering the love was 
deep in the breast of Padraig Cam. And it 
was for Aileen the Fair that it burned. Always 
on the summer nights would he go along the 
western shore of the loch with his pipes under 
his arm and look across to where the cottage of 
Aileen was. He could see her sitting on the 
rocks at the point, and he would play one 
liiobaireachd after another until he saw her rise 
and go back to the cottage. But never once 
did he walk with Aileen on the hill, for the 
folks at the clachan would be laughing quietly 
at his crooked gait beside the stately step of the 
fair stranger. 

Thus Padraig buried the love in his great 
soul and was content to watch for the coming 
of Aileen from afar as the iolair watches for the 
coming of the dawn in the mouth of day. And 
Aileen, who was a stranger in the Isle of Ridges, 
loved the crooked man with the fine soul, I>ut 
because of the distant ways that he had with 
him she thought with a sinking heart that it 
was not for her he practiced the piping on the 
summer nights. For Padraig was skilly at 
the pipes. So each of them hid the secret, and 
both of them thought no man or woman in the 
Isle of Ridged had seen their love. 

But the lovelight is a lawless thing. It is 
like the flush of dawn that rises up mysteriously, 
so that all the world can see the coming of the 
sun before its rays have struck the mountain 
tops. And there was one in the Isle of liidges 
who saw the white light dance in Aileen's eyes 
and the fire that burned in Padraig's. It was 
one evening at the clachan when Cairstine, the 
cailleach of the glens who had the " sight," met 
Aileen the Fair and Padraig Cam. Padraig 
was shewing Aileen the tame stag, and when 
the eyes of them met, it was then tliat old 
Cairstine saw the lovelight leap across and 
back, and she knew in a moment that the fair 
■ one and the dark one had read the secret that 
was in the soul of each of them. * 

So Cairstine went back to her cottage in the 
glen that night with a kindly thought on her 
mind, for she saw with the spirit eyes of her, 
that before the moon began to wane she would 
lie asked to siiay the fate of the fair stranger 
and the crooked man. And so it was. 

One night when Padraig was crossing the 
hill in the gloaming he saw a woman going up 
the glen in the way of Cairstine's cottage. It 
was Aileen. Even in the mirk he could tell 
the stateliness of her step. And the crooked 
man felt a fire kindled in his breast. 



And Aileen — when she reached tlie door of 
Cairstine's hut, the quick blush on her cheek 
told the cailleach what her errand was. Many 
were the women that came to Cairstine out of 
Kinloch, but it was always after the same thing 
that they came. 

" A nd is it to speak with Cairstine, the 
daughter of the Taibhsear, that you have come, 
child of the fair-haired stranger ? " 

" It might be that. Mother Cairstine." And 
when the girl had seated herself on a wooden 
stool, the cailleach stirred up the peats and 
began to peer into the flames. Then with a 
staS' she traced mysterious circles and lines and 
crosses on the earthen floor, muttering all the 
while the words of a formula that was in 
language strange to the ear of Aileen as she sat 
trembling on the stool. Then the cailleach 
stopped her divining and spoke. And her 
speech was in the good Gaelic of the isles. 

" It is I that have seen this night into the 
days that have never yet had a dawning or a 
setting. And I see the Spinner of All Things 
weaving a web of the yellow flax and the black 
wool of a limping sheep. The flax hath flowers 
of blue, and the .sheep hath eyes that like the 
coal for blackness. Go, my daughter, on the 
third night and look in the pool where the three 
streams meet at the turning of the glen, and in 
the water you will be seeing a face, and on the 
sand you will be reading a name. You will 
look at the water first, then you will look at the 
sand, and on the fifth night you will sit through 
the gloaming at the Rock of the Moaning Winds, 
that is by the side of the mountain tarn. An 
ainm an Athair, a' Mhic 's an Spioraid Naoimh." 

So Aileen the Fair went home to dream of 
the yellow flax and the black wool. 

With the setting of another sun Padraig 
Cam was knocking at the door of Cairstine's 
hut. Again the cailleach spayed a fate that was 
of the black wool and the yellow flax. But to 
Padraig she said — 

" Go, my son. on the fourth night and look in 
the pool where the three streams meet at the 
turning of the glen, and in the water you will 
be seeing a face, and on the sand you will be 
reading a name. You will look at the water 
first, then at the sand, and on the fifth night 
you will sit through the gloaming at the Rock 
of the Moaning Winds, that is by the mountain 
tarn. An ainm an Athair a' Mhic 's an Spinraid 
Naoimh." 

So Padraig Cam went home to dream of the 
black wool and the yellow flax. 

The third night was still and sultry when 
Aileen the Fair walked up the glen to the place 
where the three streams met. When she 
reached the pool it was of the name on the 
yellow sand that she was thinking. But she 



THE CEr.TlC MONTHLY. 



213 



remembered the words of the callleach and 
stooped down first on the rock by the glassy 
pool. l»eep down in the water she gazed, until 
suddenly she saw the face of a man so clear that 
she uttered a cry, for it was like the face of a 
living man below the water. He had the hair 
of the raven, and an eye that was black like the 
sloe, and the look of one who had the love deep 
in his heart. So Aileen knew that it was the 
face of Padraig Cam, and she sprang to her 
feet and clasping her hands whispered with the 
white light in her eyes "Mo chridlie, mo c/trid/ie." 
Then she thought of the name on the sand. 
And when she looked she was startled to find 
these words written in the good Gaelic but 
with an unsteady hand, "Aileen, is tai/h learn t/niV 
(Aileen, I love you ! ) 

Cairstine of the glens had filled her water 
stoup at the pool of the three streams that day. 
The fourth night was cold and dark when 
Padraig Cam stood by the side of the glassy 
pool. There was just enough light left to see 
the shadows in the deep water and the circle of 
tha sand. But while he looked the water grew 
liright with a strange light, and far down among 
the shadows he saw the face of a woman that 
was all aglow with the exceeding fairness of her 
beauty, and round her head were coiled thick 
plaits of yellow hair, and in the blue eyes of 
her there danced the white lovelight. It was 
the face of Aileen. 

The man spoke no word when he rose. But 
there was something that burned in his breast. 
Then he walked round to whore the yellow sand 
was, and in the failing light of the evening he 
made out these words, " Pliadraig, is tagh leant 
thu ! " (Patrick, I love you ! ) 

So startled was lie that he struck a light to 
see that there was no mistake. Old Cairstine 
saw the flickering of the light as she stood at 
the door of her cottage. And when she went 
in she laughed, for her water stoup was still 
wet on the outside. 

And so when tlie fifth night came Aileen was 
sitting at the foot of the Rock of the Moaning 
Winds. It was the gloaming. She was 
wondering at the face in the water and the 
writing on the sand and the cailleach's word. 
Then there was a sound. She held her breath 
and listened. The next moment Padraig Cam 
came round the rock and .saw her just as she 
was rising to her feet. The eyes of them met 
in the dark, and it seemed as if the place grew 
lighter for their look. The woman's face was 
all afire with her blushing, and into the man's 
there came a look that was wonderful to see. 

Then he stepped forward and said, ''Aileen, 
m' eudail ! " — (Aileen, my treasure ! ) 
And she answered, " Phadraiij ! " 
That was all that old Cairstine could hear as 



she lay on the top of the rock among the 
brackens, for the two of them sat down in the 
shadow of the cliff, and a low talking followed 
that sounded very pleasant in the ears of Cair- 
stine as she listened. 

That night when Padraig Cam and Aileen 
the Fair walked down the glen they were 
betrothed. And Aileen did not see that 
Padraig's gait had a lurch in it when he 
walked, for she thought that he was the shape- 
liest man in the Isle of Ridges. 

TORIVUIL Macleoi) 



MINOR SEPTS OF CLAN CHATTAN. 



By Charles Fraser-Mackintosii, LL.D. 



No. IV. — TiiK Ma<'ijueen.s. — Part I. 




^J^ LTHOUGH originally only an offshoot of 
(Sj^d the HeViridean Macqueens, who owed 
:&^M= allegiance to the Lord of the Isles ; the 
Macqueens of Corrybrough, who .settled in 
Slirathdearn, and in time sent out cadets who 
occupied much of the valley of the Findhorn in 
the counties of Inverness and Nairn, may be 
said to have occupied the position of head of 
the haill name. The Rev. Lachlan Shaw refer- 
ring to Corrybrough, describes it as "the property 
of Donald Macqueen, Chief of that branch of 
Clan Chattan." 

The Macqueens were known as Clan Revan, 
and stand in Sir Eneas Mackintosh's list as No. 
10. The circumstances under which the Mac- 
queens left the west coast and settled in Strath- 
dearn are these :— Early in the 1.5th century 
Malcolm Beg Mackintosh, 10th Mackintosh, 
married Mora Macdonald of Muidart, and with 
the bride came, as was the custom, several of 
her kinsmen, who took up their abode near her 
new home. Amongst others were Revan-Mac- 
Mulmor Mac-Angus, of whom the Clan Revan 
are descended, and Donald Mac-Gillandrish. of 
whom the Clan Andrish. 



214 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



In an old MS. the above Revan is noted as 
Roderick Dhu Revan M-acqueen, and that he 
fought under Mackintosh at tlie Battle of 
Harlaw, 1411. From this date my line is 
broken to 1594, when Donald Macqueen is 
found as heritor of Oorrybrough. A William 
Macqueen, styled " of Corrybrough," is noted in 
1593; and in 1543 Allister Macqueen and 
William Macqueen are described as of Clan 
Chattan. At the Reformation the name of 
Macqueen is prominent among ecclesiastics, 
and I will particularly refer to William Mac- 
queen, Parson at Assynt, afterwards Sub Dean 
of Ross. In the Fasti, under Assynt, lie 
is not recorded. In January, 1577, he is 



presented to Tain and is described "as 
probably a convert fiom the Romish faith," 
and in 1578 is presented to the Sub-Deanery of 
Ross, and under date 1583 there is a reference 
to the alienation of his manse at the Chanonry 
of Ross. His character did not stand high, and 
the following account of his deposition is 
interesting as shewing ecclesiastical procedure 
against delinquent clergymen, at an early period 
after the Reformation, jirior by many years in 
date to any existing ecclesiastical record for 
Ross. 

" The extract of the proces led and deducit 
contrar William M'K(iuyne, pretendit Sub-dene of 
Roa, befoir the Synodall Aasemblie of the Miniaterie 




CORRYBROnGH HOUSE— SEAT OF THE MACQUEENS. 



of Roa, holdin at the Channorie thereof, aecuudo 
Octobris aessione secundo ejusdern synodi anno 
dominy 1594. 

" The quhilk day ane citation being producit be 
the moderator and brethren of the presbiterie of 
Tayne dewlie execute and indorsate whereby the 
said William was peremtorily aummonit to the aaid 
aecund day of the said synod and year of God 
foraaid. The tenour of the quhilk aummondis and 
execution thairof followis. 

"The brethren of the presbiterie of Tayne to 
our lovites John Roa executoris heirof . we charge 
you that tliia citation sene ye pas and lawfuHie 
aummond, warne and chairge William MH,)uliyne, 
pretendit Sub-dene of Ros, to compeir befoir tlie 
bretheryne of the Synodall Asaemblie of Ros within 



the Channorie thairof the secund day of October 
nixtocum beand the .secund day of the Synodall, 
to bring and produce with him the pretendit gilt 
collationn and admisaionn of the aaid Sub-den erie 
giff if he ony hea, and to heir and aie thE samyn 
caaait reacindit and declairit null, and to hetf bene 
of na atrenthe foirce nor ettect, fra the beginning, 
now, and in all tyme cuming, for dyvers cawsis and 
reasonis. Thay are to say, pluralitie of benefices, 
adulterie, with dyveris wtheris, and that confornie 
to ane act and ordinance maid under hia owin 
subscriptionn at the tyme of hia aaid i)retended 
admiaaion, with certification to him that whether 
he compeir or nocht at the time and place forsaid 
the said Synodall Aaaemblie will proceid and 
miniater juatice in the said matter according to all 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



215 



equity and giiid conscience. The qiihilk to do we 
committ to you, etc., etc. Be this our precept, 
delivering the same be you dewlie execute and 
indorsate again to the berar, at Tayne the tent day 
of September 1594 yeiris. 

" The tennour of the execution follows: — Upon 
the 23rd day of September the yeir of God 1504 
yeiris, I John Ross executor hereof within written, 
past at the command hereof and lawfully summoned 
warnit and chargit William M'Kcpiyne, pretendit 
Sub-dene of Ros, within written, being in Alexander 
Spence, his house within the Channonrie of Ros for 
the tyme, and delyverit ane copie heirof to his 
wyfe, he being sleeping in the meantyme, in his 
bed within the same house, to compeir before the 
brethren of the Synod Assemblle of Ros, day, yeir 
and place within written, to the effect and fur the 
causes within specefeit, with certiticationn likeweys 
within mentionate. And this I did before these 
witnesses, Alexander Spence, indweller in the 
Channonrie of Ros, and William Watsone, with 
others diverse, and for the mair verification hereof 
to this my indorsation, my signet and subscription 
manuall are affixit (Sic Subscribitar cum Signo) 
Johne Ros with my hand executor heirof. 

" That day the summondis producit being callit, 
compeirit Alexander Ruthven as procurator for 
the said William, and granted him to have been 
summonit to that day and receivit ane copie of the 
summondis, and objectit allanerlie against the 
execution of the said summondis. allegeand the 
same was not relevant in respect the same was not 
raisit upon the premonition of fourtee days 
according to the Act of Parliament, as he allegit. 
Notwithstanding of the quhilk reason proponit by 
the said Alexander Ruthven, procurator forsaid, 
the kirk found the said execution to be lawful], 
notwithstanding of the foresaid allegiance, because 
there is no such form accustomed or even practised 
in the kirk in proceedings against members, office- 
bearers in the same, but that they may lawfully 
proceed against any such member within their own 
jurisdiction upon such time and premonition a.s 
best pleases them. And further it is notoriously 
known to the haill brethren of the Synodall that 
the said William who was sumnnmed was dwelling 
with his haill family in his own town of Arkindithe, 
the hail time of the holding of the Synodall, which 
place of Arkindithe lies within one mile of the 
Channonrie foresaid, where the said Synodall was 
holden for the time, and so might have compeared 
presently at all times before the said Synodall, and 
he willfully and disobediently absented himself. 
In respect of the which, the said allegiance prepared 
by Alexander Ruthven as procurator foresaid, was 
repelled by the brethren of the Synodall Asseniblie, 
and found that they might proceed with the 
principal cause for the reasons after following, 
Primo, plurality of benefices, as the Parsonage and 
Vicarage of Assynt, and Sub-deanery of Ross. 
Secundo, adulterie with Elizabeth Ross, he being 
married with Margaret Gourlay in Kennoway in 
Fife. Tertio, by virtue of an act of the kirk, 
subscribed by himself, made at the Channonrie of 
Ross the time of his pretended admission bearing 
by a special clause contained thereuntil, that after- 
wards if at any time he were found guilty of any 
of these heads of accusations as were laid to his 



charge, the time of his said pretended admission 
should be null and of no avail as though the same 
had never been granted, which points and accusa- 
tions being thoroughly reasoned, tried and examined 
by the moderator and haill brethren of the Synodall, 
and namely having considered his whole course of 
life, being profane and dissolute from the beginning 
and to have (blank in tlie IMS.) himself in the kirk, 
by obtaining of compulsitors of hearing against 
the Bishop for the time, for advocating of him to 
the benefice of the said Sub-deanerie, the haill 
brethren of the said Synodall finds him guilty and 
culpable in the foresaid crimes, as also having 
considered his dissolute and slanderous life ever 
since the time of his said pretended admission. 
Therefore, in respect of the premises, the haill 
brethren of the Synodall with one consent, rescinds, 
casses, and annuls the said pretended admission, 
and decerns the same to have been null from the 
beginning and in all time coming, conform to the 
tenor of the said summons and the act foresaid 
under his own subscription. Extracted furth of 
the books of the Synodall Assembly of Ross, 
subcribed by the clerk thereof." 

Thu.s the brethren without calling witnesses 
or putting anyone on oath, determined and 
pronounced extreme j\idgment. The poor Sub- 
dean was expelled, but his two benefices were 
worth looking after. 

I have a Bond holograph of the Sub-dean, 
dated 25th May, l.')92, acknowledging a loan of 
100 merks, in which the following singular 
error occurs. The period of repayment is the 
"fifth day of August next to come, called our 



Lady Day. 



{To be continued.) 



DUNCAN MACGREGOR. 



^^H. DUNCAN MACGREGOR traces 
^m|w) his decent from the Roi'o branch of 
M™L. the clan. His great-grandfatlier, 
Duncan Macgregor, suffered, with all other 
members of the clan, in the dark days when the 
Macgregors were " nameless by day." Many 
enemies of the clan at that time considered it 
an exciting pastime to hunt the proscribed race 
with blood-hounds, and on one occasion Mr. 
Macgregor's ancestor, Duncan, and his brother, 
found themselves the objects of pursuit. They 
succeeded eventually in eluding the dogs by 
leaping across the river Lyon at a place where 
the dogs could not follow, those venturing the 
leap falling into the rushing water below. It 
seems, however, that one dog succeeded in 
eflfecting a landing and started in pursuit of the 
men. One of the brothers, unalile to proceed 
further, fell on the heather exhausted, giving 
himself up as lost. The other pleaded on him 
to go on as best he could and he would stay 
behind and face the "black dogs," for the fugi- 



216 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



tives were not sure how many had succeeded in 
crossing the river. The brave clansman killed 
the bloodhound, and rolled its body into 
the stream. Shortly afterwards the brothers 
separated, one of them, Duncan, settling at a 
place called Burnbrae, near Murthly. He was 
the great-grandfather of the subject of our 
sketch. 

Mr. Duncan Macgregor was born at Waterloo, 
near Perth, in 1841. When nineteen years of 
age he joined the Royal Engineers, and served 
in that distinguished corps for the long period 
of over twenty-two years, during which he 
passed through a course of instruction in 
military engineering, with distinction, and 
attained the rank of Quartermaster Sergeant. 
He was employed upon a number of imjiortant 
military undertakings, receiving the highest 
testimonials on the excellence of his work. He 
retired in 1882 with a pension, medal for long 
service and good conduct, and three good conduct 
badges Since his return to civilian life he 
superintended, as Clerk of Works, the erection 
of the Edinburgh prison and other works of 
a similar nature. In 189.5 he was offered and 
accepted employment with his old corps, the 
Royal Engineers, in the construction of fortifi- 
cations for the defence of Loch Swilly, and was 
recently promoted to be " Clerk of Works," the 
only one, I believe, who has been so promoted 
to officer rank. 

Mr. Macgregor is a member of the Clan 
Gregor Society, and is as good a representative 
of the ancient clan as one could wish to meet. 



THE HIGHLAND BAGPIPE: 

ITS HISTORY, MUSIC, AND ROMANCE. 



Bv Dr. Norman H.4v Forbes of Fof 



"The Scots love music. The practice of nmsic and 
poetry was the favourite amusement of the Gael ; 
and if we look at the beauties of Scottish scenery, 
if we remember the glorious deeds of Scotsmen, 
if we learn to understand the land of liberty, of 
bards, of songs, of hills and lochs, the home of 
Ossian, of Ramsay, of Burns and Scott, we shall 
also understand what gives an endless insi)iration 
to poetry and music, and in a land where both 
these arts are strongly developed, dancing is not 
wanting." 

.F^HERE are few European countries that 
y^ can boast with justifiable pride of a 
=^ national instrument, in peace or war, at 
once so characteristic and so romantic as the 
great Highland bagpipe. It has been remarked 
that there are three typical features in the life 



of all true sons of Caledonia, " the children of 
the mist," and they consist in the preservation 
of their ancient language, the Gaelic, with its 
history, traditions, and folk-lore. The wearing 
of their much-loved breacan feile and feile beag, 
and lastly the music of their bagpipe. Of these 
three I purpose, with your approval, to sketch 
the history and service of the last, dealing with 
the subject in a broad and general aspect under 
these heads — 1. its history, 2. its music, and 
3. its poetic romance. 

In a history of the manners and customs of 
Scotland the bagpipe would fill an important 
page, its music a weird, wild melody, deeply 
sentimental in essence, the voice of nature, the 
expression of deep human emotions in martial, 
festive, amatory, or mournful strains, stimulating 
good and true passion, soothing bitter sorrow. 

The ancient people of Scotland cultivated two 
musical instruments, the harp and the bagpipe ; 
of the former historic relics alone furnish us 
with information, but of the latter, the Highland 
bagpi])e, being an instrument of war, we have, 
fortunately, to this day plenty of general interest 
and a great deal of private enthusiasm among 
our own Scots people. 

In its rudest aspect the bagpipe comprises the 
rudiments of that noble instrument the organ, 
it is its origin, its source and its foundation. 
A hautbois, called the chanter for treble, and 
three elongating tubes for bass, all provided 
with reeds, are connected with a leathern bag, 
which is inflated bj' the breath or bellows, and 
sounds on its pressure. The melody or tune 
belongs to the chanter, while a dreamy mono- 
tonous bass issues from the tubes, very 
appropriately termed drones. 

There are three kinds of bagpipe in the 
United Kingdom : — 1. The great Highland or 
military bagpipe, the piob-mlior of the Gael; 

2. The Northumbrian, identical with the Low- 
land bagpipe, much smaller than the preceding, 
more suited for dance music than the piobracli ; 

3. The Irish bagpipe, which exhibits the instru- 
ment in its highest character. 

The bagpi])e is a loud, clear-sounding, and 
somewhat shrill instrument, its natural key 
being A in the treble of the piano, or second 
string of the violin. The scale from thence 
upwards comprehends eight good notes, and 
rises other two, B and C, that may be obtained 
by what is technically called " pinching " or 
partially covering the aperture of each B and C 
while urging the blast. 

The Irish bagpipe is somewhat superior in 
mellower tone and in greater compass, resulting 
from prolongation of the chanter and all the 
tubes and the structure of the reeds. The 
Highland and Lowland pipe are only suitable 
for playing in the open air, the moor, the 




DUNCAN MACGREGOR. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



.'17 



mountain glen, and the tield, but the Irish 
pipes are melodious and agreeable in a private 
apartment. One of the earliest references to 
the great Highland pipe occurs in a charge of 
misdemeanour against a piper in the year 1623 
in the Kirk Session Register of Perth. There 
is no doubt that the instrument of to-day is in a 
more advanced stage; anciently, it only consisted 
of the chanter or hautbois affixed to a bag, and 
Maclean in his "History of the Celtic Language" 



considers the bagpipe as originally consisting of 
" a bladder with drones, and chanter of reed or 
bulrushes." In those grotesque carved ornamen- 
tations on the stalls of King Henry the Seventh's 
Chapel in Westminster Abbe}', and at Hull, 
and Beverley in Yorkshire, the bagpipe is seen 
represented as above described. " It is also 
sculptured in marble, amidst other mystical 
figures, in the Cathedral of Upsala in Sweden." 
Some Biblical commentators have identified 




M.\CCRI.MMOX, THE PRINCE OF [Mi'LRs 
•' In pi'ace or in ivar no more returiiiitif." 



the sacbut of scripture with the bagpipe, while 
others associate it with the trombone. I think 
the following opinion of a Highlander on the 
bagpipes may be neither uninteresting nor out 
of place : — '• Mr. Barclay, an eminent Scots 
artist, was engaged in painting a Highland 
scene for Lord Breadalbane, in which his Lord- 
ship's Highland piper was introduced. When 
the artist was instructing him as to attitude, 
and that he must maintain an appearance at 



once of animation and ease by keeping up a 
conversation, the Highlandman replied that he 
would do his best, and commenced as follows : 
'Maister Parclay, ye read yer Pible at times I 
suppone, Sir ? ' 

'Oh! yes.' 

' Weel, Maister Parclay, if ye do tat. Sir, ten 
you've read te third and fifth verses of te third 
chapter of Daniel, when te princes, te governors, 
te captains, te judges, te treasurers, te coun- 



218 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



sellers, te sheriffs, and all te rulers of te 
provinces were gathered together into te dedica- 
tion of the image tat Nebuchadnezzar te king 
had set up, and tey were told tat whenever tey 
began to hear te sound of te cornet, flute, harp, 
sackbut, dulcimer, and all kinds of music, tey 
■were to fall down and worship te golden image 
tat Nebuchadnezzar te king had set up. 1 tell 
ye, Maister Parclay, if tey had a Hielandman 
wi' his jjipes tere tat nonsense would no hae 
happened. Na, na, he would hae sent tern a' 
fleeing. It would hae been wi' tem as Bobbie 
Burns said — ' Skirl up to Bangor, for ye maun 
a' come back to te bagpipe at last.' " 

In that interesting and ancient volume " The 
Complaynt of Scotland," written al)out the year 
1549, the first of eight musicians had " one 
drone bagpipe," and there are other references 
to minstrel pipers in the courts of James IV. of 
Scotland and of Henry VII. of England, before 
whose queen a minstrel " played upon a droon," 
at Richmond in the year 150:3. 

Daring the middle of last century a form of 
Highland bagpipe was in use with a great drone 
double the length and thickness of the others, 
■which had to be relinquished as it drowned the 
chanter. The primary object of this form of 
bagpipe being its grandeur in producing a much 
more martial eti'ect than horns or trumpets, and 
in being stimulative of warlike compositions. 
This instrument was played during the stirring 
times of the '-15, and it is stated that it could 
be heard at a distance of eight miles ! The old 
Highlanders loved the simplicity of the music 
of the chanter with its limited compass, and, 
like the Spartans, refused all embellishments of 
arts as innovations, even though they promoted 
personal convenience. It is also worthy of note 
that " as there are no fiat notes in a pipe, there 
can be no Hat keys, there being no transition 
from one key to another, neither has pipe music 
any rests, as being one continued sound makes 
it incapable of having any, nor does the 
composition require it." 

The Highland pipes have been usually con- 
structed of ebony or of cocoa wood, and more 
or less ornamented with silver or ivory fittings. 

The range of the chanter, while somewhat 
limited, is quite adapted to all simple melodies, 
so little is compass essential to the excellence of 
music, that some of the most beautiful foreign 
and domestic airs scarcely exceed an octave. 
But the greater performers on the bagpipe, 
especially those aspiring to honours from 
competition, deem the piobrach as alone the 
subject for its proper exercise, or befitting their 
superiority. By the piobmch we mean a theme 
with variations. This theme, ground work, or 
" uriar," as it is called, is probably in many 



instances derived from an earlier date, though 
renovated with later embellishments 

{To be continued.) 



THE HIGHLANDERS OF SCOTLAND. 



BY EX-DEAN OF GUILD DAVID MAGDONAID. ABERDEEN 
(Contimted from page 193). 

The Black Watch. — Continued. 

fN 1748 the number of the Highland 
regiment was changed from the 43rd to 
— the 42nd, the title which it has ever 
since borne. After being sixteen years in 
existence, the original members had almost 
entirely disappeared, and the first supply of 
recruits after its formation was in many 
instances inferior to their predecessors in per- 
sonal appearance, as well as in private station ; 
but they lost nothing of the firm step, erect 
air, and freedom from awkward restraint, the 
consequence of a spirit of independence and self- 
respect which distinguished their predecessors. 

Heavv Losses op the 42nd. 

In 1758 a second battalion of the 42ad was 
embodied at Perth, and for seven years it was 
employed in North America and the West 
Indies. During that time it lost in killed — 
officers 13, sergeants 12, rank and tile 382. In 
wounded — officers 33, sergeants 22, rank and 
file 588, making a grand total of killed and 
wounded of 1050. The following extract from 
a Virginian paper will shew the estimation in 
which the Highlanders were held by the 
Americans : — 

" Last Sunday evening the Royal Highlanders 
embarked for Ireland, which regiment since its 
arrival in America has been distinguished for 
having undergone most amazing fatigues, made 
long and frequent inarohes through an inhospitable 
country, bearing excessive heat and severe cold 
with alacrity and cheerfulness, frequently encamping 
in deep snow such as those who inhabit the interior 
part of this province do not see, and which only 
those who inhabit the northern parts of Europe 
can have any idea of, continually exposed in camp 
and their marches, to the alarms of a savage enemy, 
who in all their attempts were forced to tiy. Along 
with our blessings for these benefits they have our 
thanks for that behaviour which they maintained 
during their stay in this city, giving an example 
that the most amiable behaviour in civil life is in 
no way inconsistent with the character of the good 
soldier." 

Though the losses of the Highlanders were 
heavy as a whole, considering their many 
engagements, they were considerably lighter 
than those of other regiments. This was 
accounted for by the celerity of their attack 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



219 



and the use of the broadsword, which the enemy 
could never withstand. 

Highland and Dutch Modes of Attack. 

An old veteran who joined the Black Watch 
when it was originally formed, giving an 
example of this, says : — " On one occasion a 
brigade of Dutch were ordered to attack a rising 
ground on which were posted the troops called 
the King of France's Own Guards. The High- 
landers were to support them. The Dutch 
conducted their march and attack as if they did 
not know the road, halting firing, and halting 
every twenty paces. The Highlanders, losing 
all patience with this kind of fighting, wliich 



gave the enemy such time and opportunity to 
fire at their leisure, dashed forward, passed the 
Dutch, and the first ranks giving their firelocks 
to the rear ranks they drew their swords and 
soon drove the French from their ground. 
When the attack was concluded it was found 
that of the Highlanders not above a dozen men 
were killed and wounded, while the Dutch, who 
had not come up at all, lost more than five times 
that number." With the Battle of Waterloo 
the last of a long series of engagements in which 
the -iind Royal Highlanders were engaged, 
embracing a period of seventy-five years, ended. 
It is a remarkable circumstance that on every 
occasion when they fired a shot at an enemy, 




1T4,J— THE HIGHLAND An\l\ M\RLHING ALONG LOCH EH. SIDE. 



except one occasion, they were so successful 
that whatever the general issue of the battle 
might be, that part of the enemy opposed to 
them never stood their ground, unless the 
Highlanders were prevented from closing with 
them. On the return of the regiment to Scot- 
land it was received with greatest enthusiasm in 
Edinburgh, and a public dinner was given to it. 
We have dwelt on the exploits of the 4:"2nd 
Royal Highlanders, not so much for their 
special claims to honourable mention, as a 
sample of the Highlanders in general. From 
174.5 to ISOO nineteen other Highland regi- 
ments, numbering altogether 25,000 men, were 



raised, besides Fencible or militia regiments. 
The Superiority op the Highland Soldier 

over every other we have already demonstrated. 
This was due to nature and the social circum- 
stances under which he lived. The simplicity 
of his life gave vigour to his body and fortified 
his mind. With a strong constitution and 
great powei's of endurance he was taught to 
consider courage as the most honourable virtue, 
and cowardice the most disgraceful failing, to 
venerate and obey his chief, and to devote him- 
self to his native country and clan. Added to 
this there was the fact that the Highland 



2-20 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



regiments were raised from particular localities, 
and that the rank and file were composed of 
fathers, brothers, etc. Combined with great 
daring, there was the emulation from the desire 
to excel and to bring credit and renown upon 
his clan and family. Having confidence in his 
commander nothing daunted him ; he faced his 
enemy whether he was to be found in flank or 
rear,and was victorious, or died He appreciated 
the value of a good name, and did his best to 
maintain it. A learned author writes with 
reference to the last or beginning of the present 
century : — " The character of ardour belongs to 
the Highlander, he acts from an internal senti- 
ment, and possesses a pride of honour which 
does not allow him to retire from danger with a 
confession of inferiority. This is a property of 
his nature, and as it is so, it is the business of 
officers who command Highland troops to 
estimate the national character correctly, that 
they may not, through ignorance, misapply 
their means. . . . Close charge was his 
ancient mode of attack; and it is probably from 
iiiipressions ingrafted on his nature, in conse- 
quence of the national mode of warfare, that he 
still sustains the approaching point of a weapon 
with a steadier eye than any other man in 
Europe. Some nations turn with fear from tlie 
countenance of an enraged enemy : the High- 
lander rushes towards it with ardour ; and, if 
he can grasp his foe as man with man, his 
courage is secure." Alluding to the formation of 
the Highland regiments. Lord Chatham said; — 
" I sought for merit wherever it was to be 
found. It is my boast that I was the first 
minister who looked for it and found it in the 
mountains of the north. I called it forth, and 
drew into your service a hardy and intrepid 
race of men, who, when left by your jealousy, 
became a prey to the artifice of your enemies, 
and had gone nigh to have overturned the state 
in the war before last. These men in the last 
war were brought to combat on your side : they 
served with fidelity, and conquered for you in 
every part of the world." The termination of 
the civil war of 1745, and the employment of 
the Highlanders and many of their chiefs in the 
military service of the country put an end for 
ever to feudal war, and the inhabitants to study 
more thoroughly the arts of peace. 
(To be continued). 



AN OLD STRATHGLASS SMUGGLER. 



fN front of a small wayside inn in Strath- 
glass, the very foundations of which have 
— now disappeared, the passer by on an 
autumn afternoon seventy years ago might have 
witnessed the following scene. Three men in 



the garb of E.\cise officers in a somewhat 
bemauled condition prostrate on the ground, one 
of them face downward, his coat-skirts ripped to 
the neck, and the foot of a stout Highlander 
planted on his posterior part. 

This had not been Seumas-an-Iarl's first 
meeting with E.xcisemen. He had the mortifica- 
tion before this time of seeing the privacy of liis 
smuggling bothy invaded, his brewing utensils 
smashed to pieces, and his malt flung into the 
adjoining mountain stream. On this particular 
occasion, however, his exaspiration arose from 
the loss of a cart, the outcome of a good deal 
of labour and ingenuity, with which he had 
succeeded in carrying several loads of whisky to 
Inverness undetected. The cart was constructed 
on what Seunias termed the " masan-dubaille " 
principle — that is with two bottoms, between 
which the wdiisky, in fla.sks made for the purpose, 
was stowed. Success for a time allayed any fear 
Seumas had of detection, but a rude awakening 
was in store for him. On his way home from 
Inverness one day lie stopped at Bogroy inn to 
bait his horse and have some refreshment 
himelf, but on going out to resume his journey 
found a party of Excisemen with axes smashing 
his cart in pieces. Being too far from the fast- 
nesses of Strathglass, and too near the jail at 
Inverness, he oflered no resistance, and quietly 
departed with his cartless horse. On his way 
home he met the three ofiicers that figured in 
the foregoing sketch. 

On another occasion Seumas, accompanied by 
a neighbour, was wending his way down the 
strath with a load of whisky, when he observed 
two mounted men, whom he conjectured to be 
Excisemen, coming in sight some distance behind. 
Escape with his load seemed impossible, but he 
hastened round the next bend of the road, 
leaving his companion beside a heap of broken 
stones to cover his retreat. While his companion 
held the Excisemen in check with a brisk fire of 
stones, Seumas as he proceeded tossed keg after 
keg of whisky down the steep broom-covered 
slope by the roadside until he had emptied his 
cart, then galloped his horse away. The Excise- 
men having broken through the impeding fire 
were soon in hot pursuit, but before they over- 
took Seumas he had brought his horse to a walk, 
and when accused of having whisky and being 
connected with the desperado of the stone heap, 
seemed very much hurt. 

Seumas's hard wrinkled face with its small 
grey eyes and strong jaws, and his broad chest, 
open summer and winter to sunshine and storm, 
hard and brown as plank of seasoned pine from 
the forests of his native strath, rise before me 
now from amid the recollections of thirty years 
ago. 

iiatfl^.ia. Angus Mackintosh. 




MAJOR-GENERAL G, M'BAIN FARQUHARSON. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY: 

A MAGAZINE FOR HIGHLANDERS. 

Edited by JOHN MACKAY, Glasgow. 



No. 12 Vol. V.] 



SEPTEMBER, 1897. 



[Price Threepence. 



MAJOR-GENERAL G. M'B. FARQUHARSON. 



^^fRAJOR-GENERAL GEORGE xM'BAIN 
^^ FARQUHARSON, BomUay Staft 
J^V^ Corps (retired), entered the E, I.C. 
Service in 18i2, at the age of 17, and was 
gazetted to the 20th Regiment Native Infanti-v, 
in which he served for several years as Ouarter- 
niaster and Acting-Adjutant. Passed as Inter- 



pi-eter in two languages, viz. : Hindoostanee and 
Aluratha, between the years 1844 and 1845, 
[lassing out on each occasion head of the list, 
doing thereby wliat was in those days called at 
Oxford, '■ A Double First " He ioined the 
Regiment in November of that year at Shikar- 
pore, Upjier Sind. He served in Sind in 1843, 
and with the field detachment which attacked 
and totally defeated Meer Shah iMahomed 
at Peer Aree on the 8th June, 184.3 ; also with 
the Persian Expeditionary force in 1850-07, at 
the landing at Hallilah Bay ; storm and capture 
of Reshire and surrender of Bushire (medal and 
clasp). During the war he was appointed to 




BUKLiA HOUSE- ABKRDEENSllIRE 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



the Commissariat Department, and also to the 
Land Transport Corps. At this time the 
Southern Muratha country wa.s in insuirection. 
In 1858 he commanded three companies of his 
regiment in a Hying cohunn, with a wing of 
H. M.'s -Seth Foot, and half a battery of artillery 
under the command of Brigadier Heyland, on a 
forced march from Bhelgaum to Dharwar, as the 
Muratha rebels were threatening Dharwar. The 
mai-ch of fifty miles was done in good style in 
fifty hours. Soon after this he was nominated 
by the Bombay Government, to raise in the very 
heart of the Southern Muratha country — where 
disaffection amongst the semi-barbarous natives 
was rife — a levy named the " Shetsundee Levy." 
On its disbandment in 1859, he was appointed 
Acting-Superintendent of Police at Sholapore. 
On the return of the incumbent in 1S60, he 
rejoined his regiment. Transferi-ed to Bombay 
Staff Corps 1866, Acting - Commandant 16th 
Bombay Native Infantry 1872-73. Retired 
from the service on a pension, 1874. 

It may be interesting to mention that General 
Fai-quharson was the victim, and eventually the 
hero, of the famous court-martial at Belgaum in 
1856, on a trumped-up charge by his superior 
officers, Down and Macleod. The trial created 
a great sensation all over India, and resulted in 
the triumphant acquittal of the jirisoner. It 
also resulted in the exposure and suppression of 
the terrible form of military tyranny which was 
practised in the Indian army. 

He is of the family of Farquharson of AUargue 
and Breda ; succeeded as ne.xt heir male entail to 
the estate of Breda, Aberdeenshire, on the death of 
his uncle, General Francis Farquharson, Bombay 
Army, 1873 ; disentailed the estate in 1882, 



and sold it, 1892 ; and is the last heir male of 
the Far(|uharsons of Allargue and Breda. 

The following is the origin and descent of the 
Farquharsons : — " Gilchrist, son of the Laird of 
Mackintosh, was the father of Shaw, commonly 
called Shaw M6r, who was the leader of the 
thirty Clan Chattan that fought against the Clan 
Cay on the North Inch of Perth about 1392. 
Farquhar, the third son of Shaw of Rothymor- 
chus, of whom the Farquharsons are come, was 
chamberland or factor to the Earl of Marr, and 
bought the land of Inverey from the said Earl' 
of Marr." 




ANDREW FAUQUHARSON OF BREDA, Died 1S31. 



THE WHITE SANDS OF BARRA. 



§T is a hard tale for a man to be telling about 
a dead friend. But it cannot huit Ian 
— now. And for the deep-eyed woman on 
Barra, it matters not whether she reads these 
words or not. Her black mischief is done. And 
Ian MacNeill will never see the sun going down 
behind the Caisteal of St. Clair again. 

It is always of Ian that I am thinking, when, 
on the long light summer nights I will be seeing, 
•as in a dream, the white sands stretching for 
miles along the coast of Barra that lies to tlie 
west. Many a time did he see the sun dipping 
away behind the lonely Atlantic out yonder, 
when the great waves were breaking with a 
boopa of thunder along the shore. But it was 
not .by the clachan of huts near the Caisteal, 
that stands on the rock in the water, that Ian 



and I first met. It was fai- away in the towns 
of the south, where the folk live like sheep 
huddled together in squalid lanes, and the very 
sparrows fall poisoned by the foul air as they 
fly above the alleys in the mouth of day. 

On the skirt of a crowd that surrounded two 
brawling women, my fellow-islesman and I first 
met. We were both Barra men, but we had to 
come away to the towns of the south to be 
introduced to one another. I had heard of Ian long 
before I saw him that night in the crowd with 
Duncan Grant. Duncan was often telling me 
about the man who was carrying about with him 
a bitter heart and a wild eye, because a woman 
had taken his love and then thrown it away 
again with a laugh. So wlien we saw one 
another that night for the first time, it was with 
a queer look that the eyes of us met, and we 
were in the understanding of each other in a 
moment, 



THE CELTIC MONTH! A'. 



22:5 



Fioui that niglit laii !MacN<rill, Duncan Grant, 
and I were sworn friends. 

But it was just the year after that Ian took 
the fever, that made him as silly as a bairn, 
after a long tight with the trouble. It was an 
ill sight to see the big man brought so low, and 
the end came one night when we were sitting in 
his garret-room together. He would always be 
speaking about the white sands, and the clachan 
at Caisteal St. Clair, and in the wandering talk 
we could hear that he was often naming the 
name of the woman that had laughed at his love. 
The bitterness of his heart died aw-ay, and the 
old love that was so deep came back to life 
again the nearer he got to the end. It was a 



waesome sight to see the man dying in such an 
evil-sroelling den, like a rat in a hole, when he 
was crying like a lost liairn for the white sands 
where the winds were blowing caller from the 
sea at that very moment. 

" Coil . . are ye there ] " 
"Aye, do ye not know me, Ian (" 
" Coll, you will take me back to Barra 
the white sands and the Caisteal 
away . . Mairi, Mairi . . why — did 
laugh . . () Mairi . . the white sands ! ' 
At the turning of the night, when the dawn- 
light was stealing in at the window of the 
garret, we both heard the rattle, and Duncan 
turned to go for the .salt. Bv'the time he was 



far 

ye— 




THE WlllTK SA.NUS OF B.\RUA. 



at the bed-side again, Ian was dead, and the 
last words that he whispered were, ^1 Thiijlieam' 
losa glac mo spiorad .' For he was a good man, 
with all his bitter ways, and he knew the Book. 

Then Duncan threw open the door, and 
stopped the ticking of the clock. And the dead 
man, whom the cruel laugh of a w-oman had 
driven away from home, lay in the dim garret 
with the guttered candle flickering near him, 
and the smile of a bairn on his face. 

Three days after, Ian MacNeill was carried 
on board the steamer at Greenock, for his last 
journey. Duncan and I were taking him home. 
The sailors laid him down slowly on the deck, 
below one of the life-boats, and the rough shell 



was wrapped round in a black tarpaulin. There 
he lay for three nights and three days. In the 
darkness, when the great steamer was plunging 
through the rough seas, and sending the phos- 
jihorous Hying from her bows, we stood and 
watched : the first night it was a waesome task : 
and you might have seen a strange light playing 
below the life-boat on the deck, where the 
tarpaulin was being washed by the sjjray from 
the breaking seas. 

The dawn-light rose behind the Paps of Jura, 
where the morning mists were lying in great 
bands like the shrouds of the night : on and on 
past .the music-haunted Golonsay : and further 
north by Fiunary, lying basking in the sun : 



■2-2i 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



Coll and Rum, and the wild Coolins of Skye — 
Ian knew them all, but he was seeing none of 
them now. What did it matter to him that the 
white birds were screaming in the sunset light 
when we sailed up Dunvegan Loch ! He would 
hear the calling of the pyots no more. 

But when the night fell on the boat as she 
turned to cross the Minch, a great moaning of 
wind came out of the gurly sky : the clouds 
came up in banks from the .sea : and the waters 
everywhere began to hiss in the darkness with 
the gathering squall. Thud, thud, thud, went 
the steamer as she rose and fell on the ridges 
of the racing .seas, and even in the shelter of the 
funnel, where Duncan Grant and I were stand- 
ing, the spindrift would drench us again and 
again. A strange moaning began to sound 
through the ship, and even the roar of the wind 
and the waves could not drown it : higher and 
higher it rose, like the cry of a soul in the last 
grip of the Black Spirit : and always we could 
see from where we stood the white light moving 
slowly back and forwards above the black 
tarpaulin. 

" Coll, what sound is that I am hearing now t" 
asked Duncan, with the terror in his face. 

For away forward the cry had risen higher 
and higher above the noise of the sea and the 
whistle of the wind, until it burst into a piercing 
sliriek that made the heart beat faster in the 
breast of both of us. 

" It is the pipes, Duncan ' " 

And sure enough the wild notes of a lament 
began to rise above the storm. Someone was 
playing in the forecastle. And when Duncan 
heard the music and recognised the air, he 
looked at the light that was moving back and 
forwards on the deck, and shivered. 

" No more, no more, no more returning, 
In peace or in war is he returning. 
Till dawns the great day of woe and burning, 
MacCrimmon is home no more returning." 

The next evening when the light was fading, 
we were gliding past Maoldoanich into tiie Bay 
of the Caisteal. The bleak hills of Barra rose 
in a wilderness of rocks round the melancholy 
shores. Standing on the quay was an old man 
with a crooked back and silvery hair, lie was 
leaning heavily upon a stick of thorn, and 
scanning eagerly the folks on board the steamer. 
Behind him a rough pony was yoked to a cart 
that was full of the sweet-smelling hay. Ruari 
and Alastair and Ewen were all there. There 
was no word between us at all, but only the 
grip of the hand. And when we had lifted Ian 
into the cart, Ruari led the pony away up the 
road to the left, and the five of us followed 
behind. We passed the chapel on the hill, and 
came to the low turf huts at the bend of the 



road, where the evening airs were full of the 
smell of the peat reek that was rising blue and 
clear from the thatch roofs. Then up and up, 
through the bit of bleak moorland, where the 
hills sweep away on either side, we followed the 
cart. 

When we had reached the top of the hill, the 
old man stopped and cried : 

" MaUachd ! Yonder she is ! May the gloom 
of the rocks be upon her ! " 

And when Duncan and I looked up, there 
was a woman standing at the side of a rock, 
watching the cart. She had jet-black hair, and 
small black beady eyes deep set in her face, and 
she had a look like the look of the sea shark when 
he rises to seize the little fish that is playing on 
the surface of the water. 

"It is the woman!" vdiispered Duncan Grant 
to me. And when she heard the old man's 
curse, she turned and ran screaming; up the 
mountain side, and hid among the stones. The 
gloom of the rocks had fallen upon her. 

And now we could see the Caisteal of St. 
Clair away among the shadows of the loch to the 
left : the white sands were lying gleaming in 
the evening light, and the great rollers were 
booming along the lonely shore : far out above 
the Atlantic, the sun was gathering himself 
together into a red ball to go down, down, down, 
into the cold grey sea. The cart stopped at the 
door of a low turf hut, from which came a 
bitter cry of grief. It was the only welcome 
lan's mother had for her youngest boy. He had 
takea his last journey home, and the white 
sands, for which he cried with his last breath, 
were lying around him in the fading light. 

Then the siin went down into the Atlantic, 
and the darkness fell. And the only sound 
that broke the heavy silence that lay among the 
hills was the long sad moan of the waves upon 
the shore. 

TORQUIL MaCLEOD. 



The Clan Maclean — Colonel Sir Fitzroy D. 
Maclean, Bart., C.B., chief of the clan, has received 
the following letter from the Secretary for Scot- 
land : — 

ScoTTLSH Offices, Whitehall, S.W., 
27th July, 1897. 

Sir, — I have had the honour to lay before the 
Queen the loyal and dutiful Address by the Chief, 
Chieftains, and members of all the branches ot the 
Clan Maclean on the otcasion of the completion of 
the Sixtieth Year of Her Majesty's Reign. 

Her Majesty was pleased to receive the same 
in the most gracious manner, and I have to acquaint 
you that the evidence received from all parts of 
Scotland of the attachment of Her Scottish subjects 
to Her Throne and Person artords Her Majesty 
great satisfaction." 




ARCHIBALD MACLEAN. 




ARCHIBALD MACLEAN, Jr. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY 



225 



ARCHIBALD MACLEAN, BERL,IN. 




rT3|]HERE are few parts of the world where 
X^ representatives of the ancient Clan 
^^^ Maclean are not to be found. In 
Sweden, Morocco, Canada, the United States, 
and indeed every quarter of the globe where 
Highlanders have wandered, Macleans occupy 
positions of honour and trust. Tiie Macleans 
of Germany have proved themselves worthy 
descendants of a brave and powerful race. 
This distinguished family are descended from 
the chiefs of the clan, who, in days of yore, 
ruled as princes over a large territory, and 
figure largely in the history of the nation 

Mr. Archibald Maclean of 
Czerbienczin Castle, is descended 
from Lachlan 0th of Coll, who 
married Florence, daughter of 
Norman Macleod of" Macleod ; 
after whom came ( 1 ) Neil, 
of Drimnacross, (2) Allan, and 
(3) John, of Grisipoll, and (4) 
Archibald. After the rising of 
the '45, Archibald went to 
Germany and settled at Dantzig, 
his great-grandson being the pre- 
sent Archibald Maclean, who was 
born on 12th June, 1842. He 
attended the University of Bonn, 
and on the outbreak of the 
Franco - Prussian war entered 
the I. Leib Husaren regiment, 
the commander of which is the 
German Emperor himself. In 
the course of this sanguinary 



struggle, Maclean greatly distinguished him- 
self, his most notable achievement, perhaps, 
being the capture of Versailles. When riding 
on patrol, attended by only five hussars, he 
forced an entrance into this large town, which 
was occupied by some 30,000 French troops. 
Leaving three men to guard the gate, he rode to 
the Guildhall wliere the Major and officers were 
assembled, and threatened to destroy the town 
with artillery if they did not immediately sur- 
render. The very audacity of the act had its 
effect — the town capitulated with all troops and 
provisions. Next day the gallant clansman was 
decorated with the coveted " Iron Cross," and 
has .ever since been familiarly designated in the 
regiment, " the Conqueror of Versailles." On 
the 9th October, 1875, he married Erna, 
Baroness von Tiesenhausen, d. of His E.xcellency 
Eduard von Tiesenhausen, Baron of the Holy 
Roman Empire, and has one son, Archibald, born 
31st August, 1876, whose portrait we have much 
])leasure in giving. He retired from the army, 
and lives on his estate, which is one of the finest 
in West Prussia. 

The young clansman has attended the last 
two annual social gatherings of the clan in 
Glasgow, and has made himself very popular. 
He visited also the Isle of Coll, which for many 
centuries was the family seat of his ancestors, 
the Macleans of Coll, and was, as their represen- 
tative, very kindly received by the population 
of the island. He wears the Highland dress, and 
is fond of all Highland sports, dancing, pipe 
music. He is at present studying at the 
University of Berlin, and is looking forward 
impatiently to the time when he may be free 
again to visit "bonnie Scotland," and spend a 
brief holiday among his clansmen. 




ZKUBIENCZIN C.\STLE— SEAT OF THE MACLE.\NS OF GERMANY. 



2 20 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



MINOR SEPTS OF CLAN GHATTAN. 



By Charles Fraser-Mackintosb, LL.D. 



No. IV. — The Macqueexs. — Part IL 

fN the early part of the seventeenth century 
the Macqueens came well to the front. 
— Three landholders, Donald Macqueen of 
Corrybrough ; John Macqueen, Little Corry- 
brough ; and Sweyn Macqueen of Raigbeg, are 



parties to the Bond of Union among the Clan 
Chattan, signed at Terniit of Petty on the 4th 
of April, 1609, one of the witnesses to the Bond 
being Mr. Donald Macqueen, Parson of Petty. 
'I'his person was in good circumstances, lending 
2,000 nierks to the Earl of Moray, receiving 
therefor in wadset the two plough lands of 
Midcoul, in the parish of Bracklie, by deed 
signed at Castle Stuart, 18th July, 1G28. To 
his Letter of Reversion of same date, Mr. 
Donald Macqueen adhibits his signature thus. 




THE SWORD OF DONALO I- RASER. IIERl 



Kcil T i.iK Ml IV. 



" Uonald M'Queen, Persons of Pettie," and 
affixes his " Seal of Arms." The reverend 
gentleman married first Isobel Mackintosh, and 
secondly Agnes Dougla.s. With Donald Mac- 
queen of Corrybrough, found in 1594, we arrive 
on firm ground, but some early Macqueens may 
be noted. On 21st March, 1.5.59-60, there is 
note of a legal contention betwixt John Mac- 
queen and John vie Alexander, anent the theft 
of a black horse. In same year Donald Mao Iain 



Dhu Macqueen is noted, also William Macqueen, 
indweller in Inverness. In 1561-62 William 
Macqueen is a leading Procurator in the Sherifl' 
Court of Inverness, also acts as a Notary Public. 
Under date 29th March, 1561, William vie 
Iain Dhu Macqueen, probably the same jjerson, 
acts as Procurator for the Parishioners of 
Kilmuir and Suddie in certain legal proceedings. 
In 1562 William Macqueen and others are 
summoned 'by Mungo Monipennie, Dean of 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



227 



Ross, for the spulzie of victual nut of the lands 
of Ardersier. ()n 17th Apiil, 1562, Alexander 
Macqueen finds Finla}' JIacqueen Mackintosh 
as his cautioner, to keep the peace with John 
Ogilvie in Urlarust of Petty. John Mac 
Iain Macqueen finds caution to stand trial for 
an alleged theft of cattle, and on 7th July, 
1562, Donald Macqueen and Iver Macqueen are 
noted. 

During the Nth century it is mentioned that 
there were twelve heritors of the name in the 
shires of Inverness and Nairn. Amongst others 
may be mentioned in Nairnshire, Donald JL»c- 
queen of Reatt, Macqueen of Carnoch and 
Drynachan, and Alexander Macqueen of Daless, 
also Sweyn vie Lachlan Macqueen in Little 
Quilichan of the Streens. In Inverness-shire 
the principal cadets were Macqueen of Polloch- 
aig, Macqueen of Strathuoon, Macqueen of 
Little Raig, Macqueen of Clune, etc., etc. 
I. — Donald Macqueen, whom I place as first of 
Corrybrough, is found in 1594, 1609, 1615, and 
1623. His .son George is mentioned in 1020, 



who, if married, died without issue. Donald's 
brother John, with his wife Catherine Eraser, are 
noted under date 5th June, 1620. Donald dies 
in or prior to 1623, for in that year his nephew 
II. — Angus succeeded, whose mother's name 
was Agnes Mackinto.sh, and his wife's name 
Isobel Farquhar.son. Angus is noted in 1632, 
and in 1649 grants a wad.set right over Glen- 
kirk. He is one of the signatories to "the 
Bond by the name of Clan Chattan to their chief. 
Mackintosh,'' dated Kincairne, 19th November, 
1664. Angus was succeeded by his son 
III. — Donald, who died in 1676, having married 
Mary Cuthbert of Castluhill. Their .son, also 
IV. — Donald, noted in 1685 and 1697 as a 
Commissioner of Sup))ly for the County of . 
Inverness. He married Jean Dallas of Cantray, 
and was succeeded by his son 
V. — James, who married, 29th Septenil)er, 1711, 
Katherine Eraser of Culduthel. One of his 
daughters, Anna, is contracted in marriage in 
1733 with Robert Mackintosh, son of Mac- 
kintosh of Stron. James, then younger of 









/> 



^^^,/^ 



FAC-SI.MILE OF RECEIPT l;V D0,\.\L1> ERASER TO THE CHIEF OF MACKINTOSH, 17J1, 



Corrybrough, was captain in the Clan Chattan 
regiment, in the rising of 1715, and was for- 
tunate enough to escape the consequences. The 
closest friendship existed between James Mac- 
queen and his son, Sherifl' Macqueen, with the 
JVJ ackintoshe.s, and James in 1756 signs the 
consent to Mackintosh reclaiming the Loch 
Laggan lands, as eldest son and representative 
of Donald Macqueen of Corrybrough, at Glen- 
kirk, 29th October, 1756, dying in 1762. His 
daughter, Elizabeth, married Lachlan Mackin- 
tosh, second of Raigmore. James Macqueen 
was succeeded by his son, 

VI. — Donald Macqueen, the well-known 
Sheriff-Substitute of Inverness, an authority 
in Celtic literature, long the valued neighbour 
and confidential adviser of the Mackintoshes. 
As early as 1740-41, I observe that he transacts 
bu.siness for the family, he being then a 
law student in Edinburgh. He married in 
1742 Margaret Shaw of Dell, and lived to a 
great age, not dying till 1792. A discreditable 
affair connected with the Sheritt', then in ven- 



erable old age, and an invalid daughter, occurred 
in 1792, in which John Grant, Sheriff Clerk 
Depute of Inverness, was a prominent actor. 
In the Circuit Couit held at Inverness, 2nd 
May, 1793, the foresaid John Grant was found 
guilty of forgery, and after the case was remitted 
to the High Court of Justiciary, sentenced to 
transportation for life. Sheriff" Macqueen, 
erroneously described in Burke as dying in 17S9, 
was succeeded by his son 

VII. — Captain Donald Macqueen, a man of 
undoubted ability, but over hasty, in whose' 
time the affairs of the family, formerly involved, 
became critical. An intention of re-establishment 
occurred in 1758, when John Macqueen, of 
Potosi in Jamaica, by will ordered the estate of 
Muirtown in the County of Moray, to be 
purcha.sed and settled on the family of the 
testator's cousin, Donald Macqueen of Corry- 
brough. But at John's death, his estate was 
found to be inconsiderable. There are few 
Macqueens at ]iresent in the parish of Moy, and 
none on the estate of Corrybrough, which was 



228 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



unhappily cleared by a notorious speculating 
surveyor named Smith. The estate, originally 
two ploughs of land, had been enlarged by the 
acquisition of the plough of Raigbeg, aiitl the 
plough of Morclune, raising the whole estate to 
a davoch of land extending to seven thousand 
acres. Naturally, Corrybrough did not remain 
long with the speculator, and was acquired about 
1844 for £12,000 by an Englishman named 
Malkin. The new family did not re-people the 
estate, but it is only just to say that they bear 
a kindly reputation, and have shown attention 
to the family of Donald Eraser aftermentioned. 
Contrast Corrybrough of to-day, without a single 
tenant of land, with the positions under the 
Macqueens in 1811. In Lyn Evan there were 
Donald Mackintosh and Ale.^ander Mackintosh. 
In old Town, Donald Macqueen. In half of 
Ballimore and Miln Croft, Alexander Mackintosh 
and Alexander Macdonald. In the other half, 
Alexander Macdonald and Alexander Macqueen. 
In Dalnaban, James Macqueen. In Tombreck, 
James Macqueen and Donald MacGillivray. 
In Glenkirk, James Macqueen and Angus 
Macqueen. In upper Corrybrough beg, Alex- 
ander Macbean and Alexander Macqueen. In 
lower Corrybrough Ijeg, Donald Macqueen and 
widow Mac<jueen. In Battanmore, widow Elspet 
Macdonald. In Dalreooh, William Chisiiolm 
and Donald Diamond. The total rental in 1811 
was £314 Is. lOd., furth of 13 possessions, on 
which, perhaps 100 souls were nourished, and 
thei'e is a note on the back of the rent roll that 
there were no arrears. The dispossessed people 
emigrated chietiy to the United States, and in 
the year 1890, their settlement in Ohio was 
visited by one of the respected Macdougall 
family, who reported "that they had formed a 
prosperous colony in the State of Ohio, and he 
found that many of them .spoke the Gaelic well." 
Writing in 1827, Mr. Campbell Mackintosh, 
Town Clerk of Inverness, refers to Morclune 
" as the place where the present mansion house 
of Corrybrough is built.' 

(7b be continued.) 



HIGHLANDERS IN FRANCE. 



MONG the many results which followed 
the e.xpulsion of .James the Second from 
'W^ ' tile kingdom of his ancestors, one of the 
most interesting was the close connection which 
sprung up between France and the Highlands 
of Scotland. In pre-Reformation times, Scot- 
land and Fiance had been bound together by 
the strongest ties, social and political, '{'he 
friendship, which had existed for centuries, was 
only terminated by the accession of the Stuarts 
to the throne of England, the common enemy 
against whom the two allies had combined. 
When the sovereignty of England passed from 



the ancient Scots line to the House of Hanover, 
something of the old familiarity between Scot- 
land and her ancient associate was renewed. To 
most of the Highland lairds the true King of 
Scotland lived at St. Germain's, and not at St. 
.lames'. It was to the Scottish House of Stuart 
and not to the German House of Guelph, that 
the chiefs paid their court. The streets of Paris 
were familiar ground to many a Highlander who 
was strange and illat-ea.se in London. Stewarts 
and Frasers and Macdonalds took the gold of 
Louis le Grand, and served with distinction in 
the ranks of his army. Many an officer who 
wore the blue of the French king spoke Gaelic 
only, when he did not speak French. The 
intercourse with France added a poetic tinge of 
cosmopolitanism to the characters of the High- 
land lairds. The combination of French giace 
and refinement with the perferridnm imjenium 
of the Highlander produced curious tj'jtes of 
character, which gave increased interest to the 
story of James the Eighth and Charles, his son. 

Perhaps no better type of the Highland chief 
who was at once half a Frenchman and half a 
Gael, could be found than Simon, Lord Lovat, 
the old grey fox of the mountains, Duke of 
Eraser, as he would have been, if Prince Charles 
had won his own. He was a familiar and 
troublesome figure alike in Scotland and in 
France. He enjoyed for a time a pension from 
Louis XIV. He could speak from experience 
of the inside of French prisons. He had 
sojourned in the Bastille and the Castle of 
A ngouleme. His appearances and disappearances 
were almost as mysterious as those of Prince 
Charles himself in his later days. Shortly before 
the death of (.^)ueen Anne, his clan lost all 
knowledge of him and despatched Major James 
Eraser to France to search for its lost chief. 
The MSS. left by this worthy major are delight- 
ful reading. A curious document was drawn 
up at the instance of Lord Lovat, which is 
worthy of mention in connection with the present 
subject. Prior to the French revolution there 
flourished in Tourraine a noble family of great 
antiquity, named Frezeau de la Frezeliere, which 
claimed kinship with the Frasers of Scotland. 
Lord Lovat and the Marquis de la Frezeliere, 
having struck up a friendship, entered into a 
formal league of amity and drew uji an act and 
record acknowledging the relationship of the two 
families, and declaring an alliance betwten them. 
It was executed on the one part by the Marquis 
de la Frezeliere, the Due de Luxemliourg, the 
Due de Chatillon, and the Prince de Tingrie ; 
on the other by Lord Lovat, John Eraser, his 
brother, and George Henry Eraser, Major ot the 
Irish regiment of Bourko in the French service. 

It was only such a connection as existed 
between France and the Highlands that could 
have produced such a phenomenon as Neil Mac 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



2l'9 



Eachan, who was out with Prince Charles in the 
Forty-Five. A young man is found in South 
Uist who has been bred at Douai, and who knows 
Greek, Latin, French, Gaelic, and English. 
Neil was descended from a sept of Macdonalds 
named Mac Eachan, or sons of Hector, sprung 
from the house of Clanranald. When Prince 
Charles arrived in the Highlands, Neil gave his 
services to the Prince as an interpreter and 
secretary. After the suppression of the rising 
of 1745, he became a lieutenant in Ogilvie's 
regiment of the Scots Brigade. He was the 
father of Stephen Macdonald, Duke of Tarentum, 
one of Napoleon's most brilliant marshals. 
The Duke of Tarentum always maintained his 
connection with South Uist. He was wont to 
remit money to his relatives there. He visited 
his father's birthplace in 1825, and took earth 
from the floor of the house where he was l>orn, 
and iiotatoes from the garden. Having carried 
them home to France, he planted the potatoes 
in his garden, and ordered that the earth should 
be placed in his cothn after his death. The Duke 
addressed his relatives in French and broken 
Gaelic. They answered in Gaelic for they could 
speak no English. 

Another curious product of the Franco-High- 
land connection was such men as Sergeant Mor 
Cameron. He was one of the last to follow the 
profession of reiver, and to collect blackmail. 
He had been a sergeant in the French army, 
and came over to Scotland in 1745. He formed 
a party of outlaws between the counties of 
Perth, Inverness and Argyle, who lived on their 
neighbours in the good old Highland fashion. 
He was betrayed by a treacherous friend, and 
executed at Perth in 175.3. His name was long 
the subject of tale and jest by the winter fireside. 
General Stewart of Garth tells a story of him. 

" On one occasion he met \yith an officer from the 
garrison on the mountains of Lochaber. The officer 
told him that he suspected he had lost his way, and 
with a large sum of money, and much afraid of 
falling in with Sergeant Miir, requested the stranger 
would accompany him on his road. The otljer 
agreed ; and as they walked on, they talked nuich 
of the sergeant and his feats, the officer using 
much freedom with his name, calling him robber, 
murderer ' Sttip there,' interru)jted his com- 
panion, 'he does indeed take the cattle of the Whigs 
and the Sassenachs, but neither he nor his cearnachs 
ever shed innocent blood, except once,' added he, 
' that I was unfortunate at Braeniar, when a man 
was killed, but I immediately ordered the creach 
(the spoil) to be abandoned, and left to the owners, 
retreating as fast as we could after such a misfortune.' 
— ' You !' says the officer, 'what had you to do with 
the affair I ' — ' I am John du Cameron — I am the 
Sergeant Mor ; there is the road to Inverness ; you 
and your money are safe. Tell your governor to 
send in future a more wary messenger. Tell him 
also, that though an outlaw, and forced to live upon 
the public, I am a soldier as well as himself, and 



would despise takin;,' his gold from ;i defLneeless 
man who confided in me.' The otiieer nc\or fort/ot 
the adventure, which he frequently related." 

The Scotsmen never lost their love of their 
native country. " I like France fine, when I'm 
there, man," says Allan Breck in Catriona, 
"yet I kind of weary for Soots divots and the 
Scots peat-reek." The mountains and loch.s, the 
songs and tales of their native land were never 
forgotten. It is touching to read the account 
of the last days of James Mor Macgregor, the 
son of Rob Koy. In a letter which he wrote to 
his chief, Drummond Macgregor of Bohaldie in 
September, 175-1, he speaks of himself as living 
in the Rue de Cordier, Paris, in absolute desti- 
tution, and as willing to earn a pittance by the 
breaking or breeding of horses. He concludes 
his epistle by asking the loan of his chief's 
bagpipes to " play some melancholy tunes " of 
his own native land. He must have played 
them on his death-bed, for he died a week after. 
Almost equally touching is a story, told by Sir 
Walter Scott, of the real Allan Breck Stewart 
(for he, like James Mor, was a genuine historical 
personage). His later life was .spent in France, 
where he lived till the beginning of the French 
Revolution. "About 1789," says Scott, "a 
friend of mine, then residing at Paris, was 
invited to see some procession which was 
supposed likely to interest him, from the windows 
of an apartment occupieil by a Scottish Benedic- 
tine priest. He found sitting by the fire a tall 
thin old man, with the jwe^ii croi.c of St Louis 
Some civilities in French passed between the 
old man and my friend, in the cour.se of which 
they talked of the streets and squares of Paris, 
till at length the old soldier, for such he seemed, 
and such he was, said with a sigh in a sh;irp 
Highland accent, " Deil ane o' them a' is worth 
the Hie street of Edinburgh." He had not 
forgotten his native land. And what true High- 
lander ever does forget his native land or ever see.s 
any to equal it? Is he not ever conscious of that 
feeling so beautifully e.xpressed by Neil Munro? 

" If I were King of France, that noble fine land. 
And the gold was elbow-deep within my chests. 
And my castles lay in scores along the wine land. 
With towers as high as where the eagle nests : 
If harpers sweet, and swordsmen stout and vaunting. 
My history sang, my stainless tartan wore, 
Was not my fortune poor, with one thing wanting — 
The heather at my door l 

A hunter's fare is all I would be craving, 
A shepherd's plaid ing and a beggar's pay, 
If I might earn them, where the heather waving 
Gave fragrance to the day ; 

The stars might see me, homeless erne and weary. 
Without a roof to fend me from flie dew, 
And, still content, I'd find a bedding cheery, 
Where'er the heather grew." 

J. A. Lovat-Fraser. 



230 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



TO CORRESPONDENTS. 

All Communications, on literary iiinl fci.sincss 
miittem, ahiiuld he nddresned to the Editor, Mr. .JOBX 
lltACKAT,9 Blijtlisirood Urive, Glasgow. 

TERMS OP SUBSCRIPTION.— The CELTIC 
MONTHLY wUi be sent, post free, to any part of the 
United Kingdom, Canada, the United States, and all 
countries in the Postal Unions/or one year, 4^. 

The Celtic Monthly. 

SEPTEMBER, 1897. 

ooiMTE;r<f'rs. 



Ma.iOK-GkNERAL G. M'B. FaRQUHARSO.N, (with lil.ltf 

TnK White .Sands ok Barra (illustrated), 
Archibald Maclean, Bkrlin (with plate). 
Minor Septs of Clan Chattan (illustrated), • 

HiOHLANDFRS IS FRANCE, . . . . - 

To OCR Readers, 

The Rotal Scots (iREV.s, Part .\\I. (illustrated). 
The Highlanders of Scotland (illustrated), ■ 
Colonel Allan Maclean, Wevjiouth (with plate), 
Thb Highland BAorirB ; its history, music, Ac. (illust. 



NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS. 

The present issue null I'hii X Vuliinie V. The annual 
subscriptions (4/- post J II ' j "/< mnv due, aiul should 
be remitted at once to tlic Editor, John Mackai/, ') 
Blythswood Drive, Glasgow. We triist our readers 
ivill give this matter their immediate attention, aud 
obviate the necessity of a second notice, 

NEXT VOLUME. 

It has been frequently suggested to us that we 
should enlarge the Monihhj and increase the price 
to (id. After giving the matter serious consideration 
we have decided, for various good reasons, to continue 
the magazine in its present form, for another year 
at any rate. The Celtic has attained a popularity 
■which, we daresay, no former venture of the kind 
ever enjoyed, and we are especially gratified that a 
large and increasing circle of our readers is to be 
found among the crofting and industrial classes of 
our countrymen. Any increase in price would make 
the Celtic prohibitory to many of these, and we fear 
that we would in consequence lose the support of a 
number of our warmest well-wishers. Besides, the 
magazine in its present form is a source of delight 
to readers in all parts of the globe, and we are not 
sure that to tlie bulk of our readers any alteratmn 
of size or appearance would be welcome. The 
coming volume will therefore be conducted on the 
old lines, and from the promises of continued 
sujjport which we have received from our present 
able staft' of contributors, we feel sure that Vol. VI. 
will be in some respects even more interesting than 
its predecessors. We have already on hand a large 
selection of most interesting articles on Highland 
topics, as well as several short complete stories from 



four novelists of note. It is also our intention to 
give a larger variety of complete papers each month, 
confining the continued articles to not more than 
two in each issue. The artistic features of the 
magazine will also receive careful attention, and the 
high standard of our illustrations will be fully 
maintained, if not improved upon. We hope that 
our readers, on their part, will continue to give us 
their generous support, as they have done in the 
past, and they can rest assured that no effort will 
be spared by us to jjrovide them with an interesting, 
bright, and attractive Mmitlitii. 

NEXT MONTH 

We will give plate portraits, with biographical 
sketches, of Colonel Duncan Campbell of Inverneill ; ■ 
Mr. Hercules MacDonell of Kingston, Co. Dublin ; 
and Mr. W. MacAndrew, Colchester. 

Tub Mod. — Our readers will please note that the 
Mod takes place on l.oth Sept. Full particulars 
will be found in our advertising pages. 

We are pleased to notice from the report of the 
The Owens College just issued, that the daughters 
of Dr. Chisholm of Radcliffe have taken high jilaces 
in quite a number of the subjects of examination. 

Rob Donn's "Song.s and Poem.s." — We have a 
new edition of the works of the famous Sutherland 
bard, with the music of 50 of the original melodies, 
in the press. Particulars will be found in our 
advertising pages. 

Volume V. — We now offer a few copies of 
the yearly volume, tastefully bound, for 10/- post 
free. As we are only able to otter a very limited 
• number of complete sets those who desire copies 
should apply at once to the Editor, 9 Blythswood 
Drive, Glasgow. Two copies each of the last two 
volumes may still be had. Volume IH., 20/-; 
Volume IV., 10/-, post free. 

Many of our readers will regret to learn of the 
death of that worthy and esteemed Highlander, 
Mr. Mackintosh, Erchless. He was 88 years of age, 
and was for the long jieriod of forty years, head 
gardener to the Chisholms of Chisholm. There was 
a very large gathering of Strathglass people present 
at the funeral. His four sons occupy positions of 
trust, and are well known in Highland literary 
circles. Although resident in widely separate parts 
of the kingdom, they have been subscribers to the 
Celtic since its commencement, and we have among 
our readers no more enthusiastic supporters than 
the sons of the late Mr. Mackintosh of Erchless. 

SuTHERLANDER.s will be interested to learn that a 
Sale of Work in connection with the Free Church, 
Old Kilpatrick, is to take place in October. The 
minister, the Rev. Robert Munro, M.A., B.D., a 
native of Strathy, and widely known as a distin- 
guished antiquarian, has issued an appeal for 
donations, and friends desirous of contributing, in 
money or kind, should communicate with him, 
F.C. Manse, Old Kilpatrick. 

Members of the Clan Mackay Society will doubt- 
less be glad to learn that the ancient banner of the 
clan (The White Banner), is to be placed in the 
society's possession for safe custody. Had it not 
been for the prompt and energetic action of the 
society this ancient relic would probably have gone 
out of the country. 



THE UELTIU MUisTHLV. 



231 




COTS 

ElMiiiKii^^ 



JOHN MACKAY, CE,jp. 

HF REFORD 



Part XVI. — (Continnc-d from page 20S). 

The Crimea — Balaclava. 

^JU^ T (ir.st the Russians seemed in no liaste, . 
(XJ^st '^"t' by and liy they perceived an 
<&^ advantage before them. The backward 
movement of the cavalry had uncovered the 
position where Sir Colin stood with his handful 
of troops. They consisted of 550 men of the 93rd 
Highlanders and two Turkish battalions from 
Kadikoi. The Highlanders were drawn up in 
line two deep at the foot of a slight acclivity. 
A certain stir and movement became perceptible 
among the Russian forces. Field batteries were 
advanced and began to play upon the 93rd. 
Sir Colin promptly withdi'ew them from 
exposure to the first swell of the rising ground, 
no more than a hillock, causing them to lie 
down for better protection, leaving the Russian 
balls and boniljs to tear up the ground where 
they had stood. The Russian cavalry came on 
in one grand line, charging in towards Balaclava 
Campbell calls his men, who stand up and 
crown the summit of the slight ascent. The 
Russians gallop forward, gathering speed at 
every stride. The ground flew beneath their 
feet, they dashed on towards that " thin red 
line tipped with steel." The Turkish battalions 
fire a volley at 800 yards and run. As the 
Russians came within 600 yards down went 
that line of steel in front, and out rang a volley 
of Minie musketry. The distance was too 
great, the Russians were not checked, but still 
swept inwards through the smoke, with the 




whole force of man and horse, here and there 
knocked over by the shot of our batteries above 
their flank, without in the least checking their 
speed! With breathless suspense everyone 
awaited the bursting of the wave upon the line 
of ''Gaelic Rock,'' but ere they were within 2oO 
yards another deadly volley flashed from the 
levelled rifles and carried terror among the 
Russians. They wheeled about, opened files 
right and left, and fled faster than they came. 
"Bravo! Highlanders! well done!" shouted 
the excited spectators (Russell). Events 
thickened ; the Highlanders and their splendid 
front were soon forgotten in another event, in 
which the Russians were even more conspicuously 
and decidedly worsted. Men had scarcely had 
a moment to think of the fact that the 93rd had 
not altered their formation to receive that tide 
of horsemen. " Ko," said Sir Colin, "I did not 
think it worth while to form them even four 
deep!" ']"he ordinary British line, two deep, 
stern and steady, was that day as it had been 
on previous occasions, quite sufficient to'repel 
the attack of hostile cavaliers. 

Lord Raglan perceiving the Russian advance, 
and that its intention was to attack I'alaclava, 
sent orders to Lord Lucan for eight squadrons 
of his heavy horse to move down to support Sir 
Colin Campbell's little force, and cover the 
approaches to Balaclava. Brigadier General 
Scarlett commanded the men sent fortl. on this 



232 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



business. They consisted of two squadrons of 
the Scots Gi-eys, two of the Inniskillins, two of 
the 5th Dragoon Guards, and other two of the 
4th, following after. They rode out in parallel 
columns round the west end of the Causeway 
Heights. They had not proceeded far when 
Scarlett saw a large body of Russian cavalry 
coming after him over the ridge. His decision 
was instantly taken. He wheeled his squadrons 
round and advanced to meet the enemy. The 
old Brigadier could be seen riding in front cif 
his massive squadrons. At this moment Lord 
liUcan galloped up, applaudtd his resolve, and 
hastened its execution. The Eutsians in front 
of him were evidently coips d' elite — their light 
blue jackets embroidered with silver lace, a 
forest of lances glistened in thtir rear, and 
several squadrons of grey -coated dragoons moved 
up quickly to suppoit them. There was now 
little time to lose. The trumpets cf (iur cavalry 
gave out a 
warning blast 
■which told all 
that in another 
moment the 
shock of battle 
would be seen, 
beneath the 
very eyes of 
"all beholders. 
Lord Raglan, 
his staff and 
escort, groups 
of French and 
British gener 
als and othcers, 
the Zouaves, 
and bodies of 
Fiench infan- 
try, on the 

heights were interested spectators of the scene 
about to be enacted, as though they were looking 
on the stage from the boxes of a theatre. Nearly 
every one dismounted and sat down, there was 
intense silence, not a word was spoken. 

The Russians advanced down the hill at a 
slow canter, which they changed to a trot, and 
very soon nearly halted Their first line was 
at least double the length of the British — it 
was three times as deep. Behind the first line 
was a similar one equally compact and stronj;. 
They seemed evidently to despise the insigniti- 
cant looking force before them, but the trial of 
strength of arm, and dexteiity in wielding 
weapons, and hoisemanship, was about to be 
seen. 

Trumpet sounds again rang through the 
valley, the Greys and rnniskillins went straight 
at the centre of the Russian cavaliers. Tlie 
^lihtiince between them was only a few hundred 




PLAN OF liATTLE OF B.ALACLAVA 



yards, scarcely space enough to let horses 
•gather way," nor had the men sufficient space 
for the full play of their sword arms. The 
Russian line advanced each wing as the British 
horsemen advanced, and seemed to threaten 
their annihilation as they passed on Turning 
a little to their left so as to meet the Russian 
right, the gallant Greys rushed on with a cheer 
that thrilled every heart— -the wild shout of the 
Inniskillins rose through the air at the same 
instant. As lightning from a cloud flashes 
through the air, Greys and Inniskillins darted 
on the Eussians and pierced through their 
masses. The shock was but for a moment. 
There was a clash of steel and a light play of 
sword blades in the air, and then the Greys and 
Inniskillins disappeared in the midst of the 
shaken and quivering columns. In another 
moment they were seen emerging in diminished 
numbers and in broken order, charging into the 
second line. It 
was a terrible 
moment, "God 
help them! 
they are lost ! 
was the excla- 
m a t i o n of 
many and the 
thought of 
more. With 
unabated fire 
and spirit the 
noble and val- 
iant hearts 
dashed at their 
enemy, as it 
was their wont 
to do. It was 
the fight of 
heroes ! The 
first line of the Russians which had been utterly 
smashed by this charge and had fled ott' at one 
flank and towards the centre, was now coming 
back to swallow up our handful of men. By 
sheer steel and courage Scot and Inniskillin 
were winning their desperate way right through 
the Russian squadrons, and already grey horses 
and scarlet coats had appeai'ed riglit at the rear 
of the second mass, when with irresistible force, 
like a bolt from a bow, the -tth Dragoons Guards 
tiding straight nt the right flank of the Russians, 
and the .5th Dragoons following close after the 
Inniskillins, lUshed at the remnant of the fir.st 
line of the enemy, went through it, as if it were 
pasteboard, and ]iut them to utter rout. 

It will be recollected that the 4th Dragoons 
were left to follow in the rear of the double 
column led forth by Scarlett. This they did at 
some distance. They also imitated his movement 
in facing round to meet the descending foe, 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



233 



Seeing their comrades about to engage, they 
without orders rode forward to be near. Its 
significance was at once discerned. " By God, 
the Greys are cut offl" shouted a voice from their 
ranks. "Gallop! gallop!" was the ciy now set 
up from all ranks. Colonel Hodge, with great 
skill and presence of inind, led his men straight 
forward on the right flank of the outer or rii/ht 
column of the Russians. The trumpets sounded, 
and the gallant regiment bounded forward with- 
out waiting to dress ranks, passed along the 
side of the column till his rear was abreast of 
its front, then wheeling to his right, bore down 
with an impetuous rush upon the defenceless 
flank of the enemy. Some of the Russians in 
the rear saw the danger of the movement, 
spurred forward to break the shock. They 
were too late. Only a few horsemen got far 
enough to interpose. They were swept aside 
and knocked over, while the regiment as a 
whole, like an arrow from the string, struck at 
the disordered throng, each rank toppling over 
the other, and from Hank to Hank drove through 
them all without loss of men — and .so faithfully 
fulfilling the old precept, "hard all across." 
This ended the ever glorious contest. An 
irrepressible cheer broke forth from the spectators 
on the allied side. The Heavy Brigade had 
nobly done its duty, a force of 750 had put to 
the rout well nigh four times that strength. 
The Russians soon quitted the scene and made 
off to the valleys ; there was no pursuic. 

Sir Colin Campbell, a little later on, rode up 
to the Greys, and uncovering, exclaimed, 
"Greys! gallant Greys ! I am sixty-one years 
old. If I were young again, I should be proud 
to serve in your ranks ! " 

Notwithstanding the desperate fighting, the 
loss sustained by the Heavy Brigade was 
comparatively slight. The Russian loss was 
about 500. The loss of the Scots Greys, 2 men 
killed, i officers and 48 men wounded. 

Lord Raglan sent one of liis aides-decamp 
to congratulate General Scarlett, and to say 
"well done." The gallant old officer's face 
beamed with pleasure when he received the 
message, and with the modest bluntness of a 
brave Englishman, replied, "I beg to thank his 
Lordship very sincerely." In reporting to the 
Minister of War two days later his Lordship 
wrote, " The charge of this brigade was one of 
the most successful I ever witnessed, was never 
for a moment doubtful, and is in the highest 
degree creditable to the Brigadier General, and 
to the officers and men engaged in it." 

The Scots Greys with other regiments of the 
brigade were engaged later jn the day in 
covering the return of the survivoi's of the light 
cavalry charge, and remained in the Crimea till 
the end of the war, sharing in the hardships 



and privations which the British troops suffered 
and so nobly endured during the terril)le winter 
of 1854-55. They lost many men by disease, 
and but a few of those gallant fellows who 
marched from Nottingham so full of life and 
spirit were with the regiment when it returned 
to England in July, 1856. 

The strengtii of the Scots Greys on embarking 
for the Crimea was 18 officers, 299 N. C. officers 
and men, and while serving in the Crimea they 
received reinforcements amounting to 10 officers 
and 272 N. C. officers and men. Of these 2 
officers and 89 N. C. officers and men died in 
the East, 1 1 officers and 75 N. C. officers and 
men were invalided home. 

Since the return from the Crimea the Scots 
Greys as a regiment have seen no active or 
foreign service, but in 1884-5 a detachment of 
2 officers and 44 N. C. officers and men pioceeded 
to Egypt as part of the Camel Corps, which 
went through the Desert March, fought at Abu 
Klea, and I'eached the L^pper Nile too late to 
save General Gordon. At the Battle of Abu 
Klea the Greys detachment had 1 officer and II 
men killed, 1 man wounded (died of his wounds). 

The Greys and 1st Royal Dragoons ai-e the 
only remaining regiments of the old " Heavy 
Cavalry Brigade" which only go abroad in time 
of war. This privilege the Royal Scots Greys 
have enjoyed since they were raised. It enables 
them to enlist men who would be too tall and 
heavy for the Indian troop horses. 

The regiment is at present on the strong 
establishment and numbers 682 of all ranks. 

In closing this record of the Royal Scots Greys 
it may be truly remarked almost unbroken 
success has ever attended its arms, from its 
formation to the present day — a period of two 
hundred and twenty years. In the numerous 
campaigns in which it has been engaged, a 
single instance can scarcely be found where 
the regiment was broken, or compelled to 
retreat for its own sake, and only once (at Val) 
did it lose a standard. 

In camp or quarters, in peace or war, the 
gallant Royal Scots Greys have always main- 
tained their glorious reputation, tiie honour of 
their country, and nobly proved their right to 
the proud motto — 

"Second to None." 

[Concluded.] 



The ClanDonnachaidh Society have just started 
a branch in London, which was inaugurated under 
most favourable circumstances. Struan Robertson, 
Chief of the clan, presided, and Mr. Forbes Robert- 
son gave a glowing account of the achievements of 
members of the clan in the tine arts, in science, and 
in warfare, and urged the meeting to keep green 
the memory of the clan by joining the society. 



234 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



THE HIGHLANDERS OF SCOTLAND. 



BY EXDEAN OF GUILD DAVID MACDONALD, ABERDEEN. 
(Continved from page 220). 
Present Social Condition. 
aT|;^AVING thus given a cursory glance at 
y^^P the Highlands — its people, litei'ature, 
"^XX- music, and general characteristics — the 
utmost that can be done in the course of a single 



lecture — I shall now draw to a close with a few 
remarks on the present social condition of the 
country. If there is a bright side to this 
Highland picture there is also a shady side, and 
it is necessary that the latter should be freely 
looked at, and honestly stated. Perhaps I may 
do this the more readily without giving offence, 
seeing that I am a genuine son of the mountains 
myself, coming as I do from Locliaber, where 
my progenitors were born and reared. I say 




HIGHLANDER WORKING TUK 
HAND PLOUcni i>F 



'C\b CHROM, THE ANCIENT 
THE mOHLANDS. 



thi.s with some pride, for many of them did 
good service in their country's battles at home 
and abroad. Some of them could dis]]lay 
trophies of prowess gained on many a well- 
fought field. The name which I bear stands 
conspicuous throughout the history of the 
Highlands for its patriotism and daring. Its 
possessors have ever been ready to risk life and 
property for the cause considered at the time 
just and right. I can then the more readilv 



appeal to my brethren and kinsmen to give me 
an impartial hearing. It is granted that the 
Highlander excels morally and pliysically, and, 
when intellectually cultivated, that he is one of 
the best specimens of our humanity. His 
qualities are, as a rule, great moral and physical 
courage, sound judgment, genuine warm-hearted- 
ness, together with religious fervour. Acknow- 
ledging all this, how, we ask, are we to account 
for the social degradation of many i)arts of the 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



235 



Highlands and Islands of Scotland I Anyone 
who has travelled over the country cannot fail 
to have observed the state of dependence and 
poverty, which pervades a large proportion of 
the Highland population. The effect of this is 
manifest when a sudden calamity occurs, such 
as a bad harvest, an unfortunate tishing season, 
etc., subjecting the natives to the direst poverty 
and destitution, and necessitating appeals to the 
whole country for its alleviation. We have 
heard much from the learned disquisitions of 
Professors and others of the " noble Gaelic 
language," "the mother tongue," "the language 
spoken by our first parents," etc. It would be 
well were we treated to such practical experi- 
ments, however, as the Highland and Agricul- 
tural Society and their friends some time ago 
witnessed on the Duke of Sutherland's estates, 
or to the proper development of local manu- 
factures, the fisheries, and enterprises of a wise 
and safe kind. Even the best natural endow- 
ments run to waste for lack of cultivation or 
the encouragement needed to make them s[iring 
into active life, and if we are asked on whom 
the blame for this discreditable state of matters 
rests, we fear we must say that it is due, on 
the one hand to an inadequate sense of duty 
entertained liy the owners of the soil, and on 
the other hand to the demoralization which 
long years of dependence and poverty have 
engendered. If all this is to be changed, we 
must in the first instance look to the proprietors 
of the soil for improvement, and we have no 
fear that, should the encouragement be forth- 
coming, the Highlander will be ready to do his 
part with credit to himself and advantage to his 
landlord. I do not willingly blame; but I know 
instances where perhaps, with fair intentions, 
all feelings of enterprise, manly independence, 
and progress have been eftectually beaten out of 
the population as if these qualities were foreign 
to the race. It may well be asked in astonish- 
ment how progress, which has made such rapid 
strides in other parts of the United Kingdom, 
has been altogether unknown in many parts of 
the Highlands — how it comes that in " this fair 
part of creation," the peasant and his cattle 
still, in some parts, dwell together under the 
same roof, sometimes without even a slender 
partition to divide them — burrowing in cabins, 
innocent of windows and chimneys, the 
inhabitants often half clothed and half fed. I 
was on a visit to the Highlands and while 
leaving I met a clergyman, and spoke to him of 
the desperate state of matters in these places. 
Much to my surjirise he laughed at my 
complaint, and stated that the people were 
healthy and well, and that the construction of 
such primitive dwellings, as I have mentioned, 
was an anti-septic for disease — was, in fact, a 



cure for consumption. I told him that if he 
believed in such a doctrine he could put it in 
force on himself, and declare it from the house- 
tops for the good of the country. In Shetland 
there is an island containing a fishing population 
in very wretched condition. It is often difficult 
to get at, and the minister who officiates there 
is obliged to sleep all night on the island. One 
of his requisites in visiting the place is "vermin- 
killer," which he sprinkles in his bed before 
lying down. He often does not go to bed at 
all. The whole place is said to be overrun with 
vermin. I said to him, " You are to blame for 
letting such a state of things exist. Why not 
arouse the people to a sense of their duty to 
themselves and to society — ' Cleanliness is 
next to Godliness ? " In many parts it is 
necessary that this should be rung in the ears 
of teacher and taught. During the past quarter 
of a century the country generally has made 
great progress, in which all classes have shared. 
But the Highlander has not made the same 
progress. In many parts he has suffered much 
from getting aid, a system which has taken 
away his manhood, and dwarfed and sapped his 
independence. Natural circumstances, no doubt, 
have contributed to this state of matters — the 
long tracts of moorland, sparsely populated — 
the many islands removed from the advantages 
of larger populated districts — and the " mother 
tongue," has still further locked them up within 
themselves, and tended to keep them removed 
from the influences which have elsewhere 
contributed to the material prosjierity of the 
country. It is to be hoped that the better system 
of education which is in course of being carried 
everywhere into effect will do something to go 
to the root of the evil. No doubt it will give a 
better acquaintance witK the English tongue in 
the remote Highlands, and make the pathway 
to the temple of knowledge more easy. Other 
circumstances being equally favourable, it is to 
be hoped that a few years may see an improve- 
ment which will make itself felt generally in 
the improved social life and j)rosperity of the 
people. 

Highland E-migration — the only solution 
of present difficulties. 

The Highlanders are bestirring themselves 
all over the country and abroad. Intelligence 
is paving the way for inquiry into their history — 
their intellectual, social, and political condition 
in their native country. If the Highlander 
had opportunity — if his education had been 
commensurate with his intellectual and moral 
qualities, he would not stand to disadvantage 
with the Saxon community, as he unquestionably 
does in the meantime — he would not be " the 
hewer of wood and the drawer of water " that 



236 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



he presently is in the Highland district. He is 
as "the serf bound to the soil," "the soldier to 
be shot at for a shilling a day for his country's 
fame and glory ! " The poor Highlander has 
had to flee from his country for the sheer 
preservation of physical life — not because the 
land could not maintain him, but because it is 
not allowed to do it. The miserable condition 
of the Highlanders, in many parts of the High- 
lands, in all the social relations of life, is a 
disgrace to any civilized country. (The cattle 
in many cases are better housed and taken care 
of than the Highlander.) In his mountain 
fastness he is excluded from seeing the world he 
lives in, and thus, the Highlanders, comparing 
themselves with themselves cultivate a spirit of 
self-satisfaction, till they feel no induceuient to 
protitable and honourable e.xertion. They even 
get into a state of mental and bodily torpor 
which is incompatible with all progress or 
improvement. Want of education is one of the 
greatest hindrances in the way of their thorough 
elevation. And their being able to communi- 
cate only in the Gaelic language shuts them out 
entirely from the larger world with which they 
should be rubbing shoulders. Thus they are 
excluded from the influences of the teeming 
populations outside themselves, from all the 
imi)ulses, the pulpit, the platform, the press, 
in English communicate. Their birth-right is 
thus taken away, and is it any wonder therefore 
that they are in the state that has been 
described 1 

I am not going into the attractive subject of 
Celtic literature, valuable as it is, but I want to 
ask your attention to another subject — " What 
is to elevate the poor Highlander from his 
present deplorable condition 1 " This question, 
it is humbly thought, should take precedence 
of all others. The Highlanders as a people, 
mentally and physically depressed, are not in a 
position to make much progress in life. I look 
upon the people as I And them, and do not, for 
the present, raise the question what has brought 
them into this condition. DiSerences of opinion 
may arise as to that, but there is no diflerence 
of opinion as to the fact that the peo])lc should 
be extricated from their present deplorable 
state. What mean all those social public 
annual gatherings of Highlanders over the two 
hemispheres ! They are the men and women 
who had the courage and power, or on whom 
necessity was laid, to leave their native glen or 
mountain home, the quiet lochside or humble 
hamlet, to honestly earn the merest jihysical 
necessities of life which they could not get in 
the country of their birth. The dwellers in 
these mountain ranges have a physique denied 
the denizen of the city. They import into our 
large cities not only elements for the perpetua- 



ting or building up of a strong healthN- race, 
but they also give them a people who are 
earnest, diligent, and of the very highest moral 
qualities. It is also well known that High- 
landers take their position in society — whether 
as merchants, or in the learned professions, or 
as statesmen. They have been found in the 
very highest stations, taking the foremost places 
in the best and most cultivated society. But 
while you are thus enriching the cities, you 
are depopulating the Highlands. Why not ? 
The Highlander cannot get the merest physical 
existence amid his native mountains. In the 
cities he rises to respect and distinction, gets 
an honourable living for himself and his family, 
and becomes a blessing to society. An exodus 
from the Highlands will enrich the people, and 
the countries they go to. What u.se is it to 
the Highlander to live in those mountain glens, 
however beautiful, extolled in prose and poetry — 
if he cannot live? He cannot live on the air] 

I now come to the great climax of my 
argument. I would encoui'agc the depopulation 
of the Highlands, not as a service to the Innd- 
owners who may wish to get clear of a too 
numerous tenantry, but as a service to the 
Highlandei'S themselves — to benefit their 
condition. Depopulate the Highlands ! it is 
said. Why not get the laws respecting the 
land altered so that the people could live 
contented and happy, as one of our national poets 
has expressed it : — 

" A virtuous populace may rise the while. 
And stand a wall of fire around their much-lov'd 
isle." 

Why not get the laws altered to realise such a 
picture as that where you could grow your own 
wool, and spin it by the ever-recurring water- 
falls that abound so abundantly in the High- 
lands, develop its mineral resources, its fishings, 
and agriculture. In reply to all this it is 
sufticient to say that the landowners and the 
legislature have all been trying for generations 
to get the grievances put right, but without the 
least efTeot ; and at the present moment the 
evils are intensified by English sportsmen 
getting the whole Highland districts at a high 
rental, or buying the estates at a great price for 
the purpose of sport. If anyone thinks he is 
to get matters put right after the experience of 
so many years, he must be a very sanguine 
person —must hope against hope — and liy the 
time the grass grows the animal may be dead. 
It is said city life is artificial and soon runs 
itself out, therefore you must not depopulate 
the Highlands, but keep it up to su])ply new 
blood for our cities. To keep up the Highlands 
for such a purpose is as bad as to keep up the 
Highlander to be shot at, as formerly _stated. 




COLONEL ALLAN MACLEAN. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



'2if 



for a shilling a day. Enther let the cities go to 
seed, let the supply of fresh enei-gy and fresh 
blood get done if it will, but for these and such- 
like purposes don't make the Highlander your 
burden bearer, the hewers of wood and drawers 
of water that tliey have been for generations in 
the past. No doubt the Highlander is bound 
to his native locality with strong feelings of 
deep affection, and for him to emigrate may be 
like banishment — many of them have broken 
their hearts by removal. Notwithstanding all 
this the future of the people must be looked to, 
and no present or prospective remedy can give 
the necessai-y and present relief but removal. 
It is in the interest of the people this is 
advocated, and in their interest solely. 
[Concluded.] 



COLONEL ALLAN MACLEAN, WEYMOUTH. 



4t?/^|0L0XEL MACLEAN was born on the 
\^p. 18th May, 18i5, at Strathallan, Mel- 
2^i§fi bourne, Victoria, where, some years 
previously, his father, Malcolm Maclean, with 
ten brothers and .sisters, emigrated from the 
Island of Coll, the voyage occupying five months. 
In 1851 his father returned to Scotland, and 
the subject of our sketch attended school in 
Edinhiurgh, and passed through the University, 
taking in 1868 the degree oi M.B.,C.M., and 
F.R.C.S.E. Later on he took his M.D. Like 
many another enterprising young Scot, Colonel 
Maclean decided to push his fortunes in the 
south, and from 1870 to 1892 carried on a large 
practice at Portland, Dorsetshire, holding neai-ly 
all the public and j)rivate appointments in the 
Island. In July of the latter year he retired 
from general practice, having suffered from a 
severe attack of influenza, and settled in 
Weymouth, where he finds his time fully 
occupied, with his many volunteer and other 
duties. As a lecturer he has gained considerable 
prominence, his favourite subjects being ambu- 
lance work, wood-carving, etc. He is examiner 
to the St. John Ambulance Association. 

In 1873 Colonel Maclean married Catherine 
Georgina Varenne, eldest daughter of Hanbury 
Pargeter, Esq , by whom he had one daughter, 
Katie, whose sympathies are strongly Scottish. 
To her the annual trip to the Highlands lias a 
particular charm. 

The Colonel is a J. P. for the County, and 
Secretary to the Weymouth Golf Club. Never 
a St. Andrew's Day passes but he and a number 
of "brither Scots" celebrate the event with a 
dinner, the menu being a distinctly Scotch one. 

Perhaps, however, it is as an enthusiastic 
volunteer that the Colonel is most widely known. 
In 1864 he joined the University Coy. of the 



1st Batt. Queen's llifle Volunteer Brigade, 
now the Royal Scots, which was then under tlie 
command of Sir Robert Christison, and Professor 
— now Sir William — Turner. He was soon 
promoted to the rank of Corjioral and then to 
Sergeant. He gave valuable assistance to the 
officers in arranging the various shooting com- 
petitions, a subject in which he has always been 
specially interested. He resigned on leaving for 
the south in 1869, Ijut ho always looks back upon 
the four years which he spent in the Queen's 
Edinburgh as the happiest in the whole of his 
thiity years service as a volunteer. In 1872 
Colonel Maclean joined the 1st Dorset Volunteer 
Artillery as Surgeon-Lieutenant, but soon after 
resigned and took combatant rank as Lieutenant, 
rising to Captain in 1880, Major 1890, and 
Colonel 189-4. He has passed the e.xaminations 
in tactics and artillery subjects. The brigade 
under his command consists of ten companies, 
800 strong, and is generally recognised as one 
of the best and most efficient artillery corps in 
the south of England, the detachment from his 
corps winning the first prize in the 10 inch gun 
competition at Shoelniryness this year. 

The Colonel occupies a high position in the 
masonic craft. He was initiated in 1876, W.M. 
1887; P.J.G.D., 1887; Z. 170, in 1890, P.G. 
S.N. 1890; W.M.M. 126 in 1888-90; P.G.M. 
S.W. and P. Prelate in 1888, E.P. No. 31 in 
1889; and is treasurer to the Knight Templars, 
and Rose Croix degrees, and Life Governor 
R.M.L girls. 



THE HIGHLAND BAGPIPE: 

ITS HISTORY, MUSIC, AND ROMANCE. 



By Dk. Norman Hay Fokhe.s of P'orbes. 



{Continued from page 218.) 

fN the year 1783, at a competition in 
Edinburgh, John M'Arthur, "the only 
— siirviving Professor of the ancient College 
of Dunvegan," performed with great ajjproba- 
tion. Ten competitors_ strove in vain against 
him, and the president of the meeting directed 
"the handsomest Highland bagpipe" to be 
made for him, it being also resolved "to establish 
a college " for the instruction of tho.se whose 
services might be useful in the Highland 
regiments. In his work on " Highland vocal 
airs," Patrick Macdonald states that the great 
Highland bagpipe is the instrument for war, 
for marriage, in funeral processions, and for 
other great occasion.s, the smaller being that 
whereon dancing tunes were played. It is, 
however, in the military service where the 
Highland pipe has played so conspicuous a part. 



^^8 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



In the year 1549 a French officer descrilnng 
the warfare carried on near Edinburgh, specifies 
that fourteen or fifteen thousand Scots, including 
the Savages accompanying the Earl of Argyll, 
arrived, and while the French prepared for 
combat, the wild Soots encouraged themselves 
to arms by the sound of their bagpipes. " Les 
Eoossois Sauvages se provocquoyent aux armes 
paries sons de leurs Cornemeu-ses." The military 
use of the instrument among the turbulent and 
uncultivated Irish is sufficiently noted from 



repeated combats with the English. Stanihurst 
in 1584 writes : — 

" Now goe the foes to ^vracke, 

The Karne apace doe sweate. 
And bagge-pipe then instead of trompe 

Doe lull the back retreate. 



The bagge-pipe cease to playie, 
The pyper lies on ground, 

And here a sorte of glibbed theeves 
Devoid of life are found." 



i 


k 


t 


\ 




w 




mHI^^^^H 


^ 



A HIGHLAND PIPER. 



In 1601, Moryson, the traveller, visitiiig 
Ireland during a rebellion, says " that near 
Armagh a strange body of insurgents apjiroached 
the camp of regulars, witlx cries and sound of 
drummers and bagpipes, as if they would attempt 
the camp, and poured into it some two or three 
thousand shot. After that our men had given 
them a volley in their teeth they drew away, 
and we heard no more of their drummers and 
bagpipes, but only mournful cries, for many of 
their best men were slain." 



In 1642 there were regimental pipers, and it 
is believed that the ''North British Fusiliers'' 
(now the 21st Royal Scots Fusiliers) were 
among the first regiments posses,sing pipers. 

As the Highlands have always been the grand 
focus of insurrection here, from peculiarity of 
manners, inaccessibility to the arm of the law, 
and a language unintelligible to the more 
civilized districts and other cause.s, so has the 
bagpipe been the concomitant of rebellion as in 
Ireland. On the trial of James Reid, a piper, 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



at York, for treason ia the year 174G, it was 
observed that no regiment ever marched without 
musical instruments, such as drums and trum- 
pets and the like, and that a Highland regiment 
never marched without a piper, therefore his 
bagpipe in the eye of the law was an instrument 
of war. The victim of this harsh decision 
consequently sufi'ered capital punishment in 
that city for having joined the rebel army, 
while other two of his profession were acquitted 
because they had been forced into the service. 
At the battle of Quebec in April, 1760, the 
bagpipe rallied the Highland troops, and when 
beginning to yield at Cuddalore, in India, their 
drooping spirits were reinvigorated by its wild 
appeal leading them on to victory. 

At the battle of Vimiera, in Portugal, in 
181 o, after a courageous piper had fallen, and 
lay bleeding on the ground, he boldly ]>layed on, 
thus helping to turn the fortune of the day. 
At Waterloo the pipers of the 7'Jth, including 
those of the other regiments forming the High- 
land brigade, played courageously, urging their 
comrades by such inspiriting tunes as the 
Cogadh na sit/t (peace or war). The bagpipe 
was much in vogue in all Highland sports and 
pastimes and at all "gatherings of clans." 
From Highland hospitality, so predominant in 
Scotland, the chief had frequent opportunity of 
entertaining his guests with the music of his 
pipers. When Dr. Johnson visited Coll, one of 
the Western Isles, " the piper played regularly 
when dinner was served, whose person and 
dress made a good appearance." The bagpipe 
has always been employed to heighten mirth 
and lighten labour, and at a wedding in Scotland 
it has been a custom for the " piper to have a 
piece of the bride's garter tied about his pipes." 
While the inhabitants of the Isle of Skye 
were occupied making roads in the year 1786 
each party had a bagpipe. Also when numbers 
of men in the north of Scotland engaged in 
works of strength and joint labour, as launching 
a large boat, they required a piper to regulate 
the time. Some, too, when occupied in the 
Highland harvest were accustomed to keep time 
together by several peculiar tones of the voice, 
to stoop and rise together as regularly as a 
rank of soldiers when they ground their arms. 
Sometimes they were incited to their work by 
the sound of the bagpipe. In funeral rights tlie 
bagpipe has served to ''lament" the loss of the 
brave and the honourable on those mournful 
occasions, and that perhajjs from periods of 
remote antiquity. The weeping of women for 
the departed, and the funeral pipes preceding 
the bier, are among the ancient customs of the 
" Scottish mountaineers." 

Lord Lovat of the '4-5 wished for " the 
coronach of all the women of the country to 



attend him to the grave." The piper preceded 
the bier at all Highland funerals, playing a 
" lament," such as "Lochaber no more," on his 
bagpipe, which was hung with narrow streamers 
of black crape. 

In halls of joy and in scenes of mourning, 
the Highland i)ipe prevailed. It has fired the 
hardy sons of Caledonia in battle, it has 
welcomed them back again after their toils, to 
the longed-for homes of their love, and to the 
hills and valleys of their birth. Its strains were 
the first sounded in the ears of infancy, and 
they are the Jast to be forgotten in the dreamy 
wanderings of age. Even Highlanders will 
allow that it is not the gentlest of instruments ; 
but when far away from their heath - clad 
mountain homes, what sounds, however sweet, 
however meritorious, could thrill round their 
warm heart, like one passionate burst of their 
own wild native pipe ? In the words of Aytoun : 

" Sound the fife and cry the slogan, 
Let the pibroch shake the air 
With its wild triumphant music, 
Worthy of the freight we bear. 

Let the ancient hills of Scotland 
Hear once more the battle song 
Swell within their glens and valleys, 
As the clansmen march along." 

Of the varieties of pipe music, the piobraohd 
or pipe-